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1.
BMC Vet Res ; 20(1): 281, 2024 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951863

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to estimate the immunopotentiation effect of brown algae Padina boergesenii water extract on Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus through resistance to Pseudomonas putida infection. Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry was utilized to characterize the seaweed phytoconstituents. One hundred and twenty-six fish were divided in triplicates into two equal groups corresponding to two diet variants that used to feed Nile tilapia for 20 successive days: a basal (control), and P. boergesenii water extract supplemented group. Fish samples were collected at 10-days intervals throughout the experiment. Serum biochemical constituents, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and some immune related genes expression of the spleen and intestinal tissues of experimental fish were studied, as well as histological examination of fish immune tissues. Moreover, following 20 days of feeding, the susceptibility of Nile tilapia to P. putida infection was evaluated to assess the protective effect of the used extract. The findings indicated that the studied parameters were significantly increased, and the best immune response profiles were observed in fish fed P. boergesenii water extract for 20 successive days. A bacterial challenge experiment using P. putida resulted in higher survival within the supplemented fish group than the control. Thus, the lowered post-challenge mortality of the fish may be related to the protection provided by the stimulation of the innate immune system, reduced oxidative stress by higher activity of TAC, and elevated levels of expression of iterleukin-1beta (IL-1ß), beta-defensin (ß-defensin), and natural killer-lysin (NKl). Moreover, the constituents of the extract used showed potential protective activity for histological features of the supplemented fish group when compared to the control. Collectively, this study presents a great insight on the protective role of P. boergesenii water extract as an additive in Nile tilapia feed which suggests its potential for improving the immune response against P. putida infection.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Ciclídeos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções por Pseudomonas , Pseudomonas putida , Animais , Pseudomonas putida/efeitos dos fármacos , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle , Ração Animal/análise , Infecções por Pseudomonas/veterinária , Infecções por Pseudomonas/tratamento farmacológico , Phaeophyceae/química , Dieta/veterinária , Resistência à Doença/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
2.
J Food Drug Anal ; 32(2): 155-167, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38934694

RESUMO

In this study, a marine medicinal brown alga Sargassum cristaefolium-derived fungal strain Xylaria acuta SC1019 was isolated and identified. Column chromatography of the extracts from liquid- and solid-fermented products of the fungal strain was carried out, and led to the isolation of twenty-one compounds. Their structures were characterized by spectroscopic analysis, and the absolute configurations were further established by single X-ray diffraction analysis or modified Mosher's method as nine previously undescribed compounds, namely xylarilactones A-C (1-3), ent-gedebic acid 8-O-α-D-glucopyranoside (4), 5R-hydroxylmethylmellein 11-O-α-D-glucopyranoside (5), ent-hymatoxin E 16-O-α-D-mannopyranoside (6), 19,20-epoxycytochalasin S (7), 19,20-epoxycytochalasin T (8), and (2R)-butylitaconic acid (9), along with twelve known compounds 10-21. All the isolates were subjected to anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic assays. Compounds 1, 5, 7, 10, and 17 showed moderate nitric oxide production inhibitory activities in lipopolysaccharide-activated BV-2 microglial cells with IC50 values of 19.55 ± 0.35, 16.10 ± 0.57, 15.20 ± 0.87, 11.76 ± 0.49, and 11.30 ± 0.32 µM, respectively, as compared to curcumin (IC50 = 2.69 ± 0.34 µM) without any significant cytotoxicity. Compounds 7, 8, and 21 displayed potent anti-angiogenic activities by suppressing the growth of human endothelial progenitor cells with IC50 values of 0.44 ± 0.01, 0.47 ± 0.03, and 0.53 ± 0.01 µM, respectively, as compared to sorafenib (IC50 = 5.50 ± 1.50 µM).


Assuntos
Xylariales , Humanos , Animais , Xylariales/química , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Phaeophyceae/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular
3.
Mar Drugs ; 22(6)2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38921584

RESUMO

The main goal of this study was to assess the bioactive and polysaccharide compositions, along with the antioxidant and antibacterial potentials, of five seaweeds collected from the northeastern coast of Algeria. Through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, the study investigated the elemental composition of these seaweeds and their chemical structure. In addition, this study compared and identified the biochemical makeup of the collected seaweed by using cutting-edge methods like tandem mass spectrometry and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography, and it searched for new sources of nutritionally valuable compounds. According to the study's findings, Sargassum muticum contains the highest levels of extractable bioactive compounds, showing a phenolic compound content of 235.67 ± 1.13 µg GAE·mg-1 and a total sugar content of 46.43 ± 0.12% DW. Both S. muticum and Dictyota dichotoma have high concentrations of good polyphenols, such as vanillin and chrysin. Another characteristic that sets brown algae apart is their composition. It showed that Cladophora laetevirens has an extracted bioactive compound content of 12.07% and a high capacity to scavenge ABTS+ radicals with a value of 78.65 ± 0.96 µg·mL-1, indicating high antioxidant activity. In terms of antibacterial activity, S. muticum seaweed showed excellent growth inhibition. In conclusion, all five species of seaweed under investigation exhibited unique strengths, highlighting the variety of advantageous characteristics of these seaweeds, especially S. muticum.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Antioxidantes , Alga Marinha , Alga Marinha/química , Argélia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Sargassum/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Phaeophyceae/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
4.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 5344, 2024 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38914573

RESUMO

Although many studies predict extensive future biodiversity loss and redistribution in the terrestrial realm, future changes in marine biodiversity remain relatively unexplored. In this work, we model global shifts in one of the most important marine functional groups-ecosystem-structuring macrophytes-and predict substantial end-of-century change. By modelling the future distribution of 207 brown macroalgae and seagrass species at high temporal and spatial resolution under different climate-change projections, we estimate that by 2100, local macrophyte diversity will decline by 3-4% on average, with 17 to 22% of localities losing at least 10% of their macrophyte species. The current range of macrophytes will be eroded by 5-6%, and highly suitable macrophyte habitat will be substantially reduced globally (78-96%). Global macrophyte habitat will shift among marine regions, with a high potential for expansion in polar regions.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Mudança Climática , Ecossistema , Phaeophyceae , Alga Marinha , Alga Marinha/fisiologia
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 272(Pt 1): 132845, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830495

RESUMO

Brown seaweed-derived polysaccharides, notably fucoidan and laminarin, are known for their extensive array of bioactivities and physicochemical properties. However, the effects of upper digestive tract modification on the bioactive performance of fucoidan and laminarin fractions (FLFs) sourced from Australian native species are largely unknown. Here, the digestibility and bioaccessibility of FLFs were evaluated by tracking the dynamic changes in reducing sugar content (CR), profiling the free monosaccharide composition using LC-MS, and comparing high-performance gel permeation chromatography profile variation via LC-SEC-RI. The effects of digestive progression on bioactive performance were assessed by comparing the antioxidant and antidiabetic potential of FLFs and FLF digesta. We observed that molecular weight (Mw) decreased during gastric digestion indicating that FLF aggregates were disrupted in the stomach. During intestinal digestion, Mw gradually decreased and CR increased indicating cleavage of glycosidic bonds releasing free sugars. Although the antioxidant and antidiabetic capacities were not eliminated by the digestion progression, the bioactive performance of FLFs under a digestive environment was reduced contrasting with the same concentration level of the undigested FLFs. These data provide comprehensive information on the digestibility and bioaccessibility of FLFs, and shed light on the effects of digestive progression on bioactive expression.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Polissacarídeos , Alga Marinha , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Alga Marinha/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Trato Gastrointestinal Superior/metabolismo , Trato Gastrointestinal Superior/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Molecular , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Digestão/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfatos/química , Glucanos/química , Glucanos/farmacologia , Phaeophyceae/química , Humanos
6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 340: 122317, 2024 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858030

RESUMO

Brown macroalgae synthesize large amounts of fucoidans, sulfated fucose-containing polysaccharides, in the ocean. Fucoidans are of importance for their recently discovered contribution to marine carbon dioxide sequestration and due to their potential applications in biotechnology and biomedicine. However, fucoidans have high intra- and intermolecular diversity that challenges assignment of structure to biological function and the development of applications. Fucoidan-active enzymes may be used to simplify this diversity by producing defined oligosaccharides more applicable for structural refinement, characterization, and structure to function assignment for example via bioassays. In this study, we combined MALDI mass spectrometry with biocatalysis to show that the endo-fucoidanases P5AFcnA and Wv323 can produce defined oligosaccharide structures directly from unrefined macroalgal biomass. P5AFcnA released oligosaccharides from seven commercial fucoidan extracts in addition to unrefined biomass of three macroalgae species indicating a broadly applicable approach reproducible across 10 species. Both MALDI-TOF/TOF and AP-MALDI-Orbitrap systems were used, demonstrating that the approach is not instrument-specific and exploiting their combined high-throughput and high-resolution capabilities. Overall, the combination of MALDI-MS and endo-fucoidanase assays offers high-throughput evaluation of fucoidan samples and also enables extraction of defined oligosaccharides of known structure from unrefined seaweed biomass.


Assuntos
Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Polissacarídeos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Polissacarídeos/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Hidrólise , Alga Marinha/química , Phaeophyceae/química , Phaeophyceae/enzimologia , Oligossacarídeos/química , Biomassa
7.
Food Chem ; 455: 139926, 2024 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38833868

RESUMO

Brown seaweed Ecklonia radiata harbors valuable polyphenols, notably phlorotannins, prized for their health benefits. This study optimized phlorotannin extraction via conventional solvent extraction and ultrasound-assisted extraction methods, utilizing variable concentrations of ethanol. Employing fractional factorial designs, key variables were identified. Steepest ascent/descent method and central composite rotatable designs refined optimal conditions, enhancing phlorotannin and polyphenol yields, and antioxidant capacities. Under optimized conditions, phlorotannin contents reached 2.366 ± 0.01 and 2.596 ± 0.04 PGE mg/g, total polyphenol contents peaked at 10.223 ± 0.03 and 10.836 ± 0.02 GAE mg/g. Robust antioxidant activity was observed: DPPH and OH radical scavenging capacities measured 27.891 ± 0.06 and 17.441 ± 0.08 TE mg/g, and 37.498 ± 1.12 and 49.391 ± 0.82 TE mg/g, respectively. Reducing power capacities surged to 9.016 ± 0.02 and 28.110 ± 0.10 TE mg/g. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses revealed enriched antioxidant compounds. Variations in polyphenol profiles were noted, potentially influencing antioxidant capacity nuances. This study illuminated the potential of E. radiata potential as a polyphenol source and offers optimized extraction methods poised to benefit various industries.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Polifenóis , Alga Marinha , Polifenóis/química , Polifenóis/isolamento & purificação , Polifenóis/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Alga Marinha/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Phaeophyceae/química , Zygophyllaceae/química , Espectrometria de Massas
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 273(Pt 1): 132863, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38838888

RESUMO

A polysaccharide extracted from the brown alga Cystoseira compressa (CCPS) was evaluated as a food additive to extend the shelf-life of raw beef meat. The antioxidant potential of CCPS was demonstrated by its inhibition of ß-carotene bleaching (64.28 %), superoxide radicals (70.12 %), and hydroxyl radicals (93 %) at a concentration of 10 mg/ml. The polysaccharide also showed antibacterial activity with MIC values between 6.25 mg/ml and 50 mg/ml against five foodborne pathogenic bacteria. Furthermore, CCPS exhibited excellent functional, foaming, and emulsifying properties. Furthermore, microbiological and chemical effects of CCPS at concentrations equivalent to 1 MIC (CCPS-1), 2 MIC (CCPS-2), and 4 MIC (CCPS-3) were conducted. Chemical analyses showed that treated beef had significantly reduced TBARS levels below 2 mg MDA/kg at day 14. The treatment also decreased carbonyl groups, improved heme iron transformation, inhibited microbial growth (p < 0.05), and kept MetMb levels below 40 % by day 14. Moreover, two multivariate approaches, principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), were effectively used to analyze the results characterizing the main attributes of the stored meat samples. In conclusion, these findings demonstrated that CCPS could be employed as a functional and bioactive component in the meat industry.


Assuntos
Armazenamento de Alimentos , Polissacarídeos , Carne Vermelha , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Animais , Bovinos , Carne Vermelha/microbiologia , Carne Vermelha/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Phaeophyceae/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(27): 18320-18330, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38916244

RESUMO

Fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide found in algae, plays a central role in marine carbon sequestration and exhibits a wide array of bioactivities. However, the molecular diversity and structural complexity of fucoidan hinder precise structure-function studies. To address this, we present an automated method for generating well-defined linear and branched α-fucan oligosaccharides. Our syntheses include oligosaccharides with up to 20 cis-glycosidic linkages, diverse branching patterns, and 11 sulfate monoesters. In this study, we demonstrate the utility of these oligosaccharides by (i) characterizing two endo-acting fucoidan glycoside hydrolases (GH107), (ii) utilizing them as standards for NMR studies to confirm suggested structures of algal fucoidans, and (iii) developing a fucoidan microarray. This microarray enabled the screening of the molecular specificity of four monoclonal antibodies (mAb) targeting fucoidan. It was found that mAb BAM4 has cross-reactivity to ß-glucans, while mAb BAM2 has reactivity to fucoidans with 4-O-sulfate esters. Knowledge of the mAb BAM2 epitope specificity provided evidence that a globally abundant marine diatom, Thalassiosira weissflogii, synthesizes a fucoidan with structural homology to those found in brown algae. Automated glycan assembly provides access to fucoidan oligosaccharides. These oligosaccharides provide the basis for molecular level investigations into fucoidan's roles in medicine and carbon sequestration.


Assuntos
Oligossacarídeos , Polissacarídeos , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/síntese química , Oligossacarídeos/química , Oligossacarídeos/síntese química , Diatomáceas/química , Diatomáceas/metabolismo , Automação , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Phaeophyceae/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo
10.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 38(17): e9843, 2024 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38924168

RESUMO

RATIONALE: 1,2-Diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-O-[N-(2-hydroxyethyl)glycines] (PHEGs) are a class of rare aminophospholipids found specifically in brown algae, including kombu seaweed. Despite their potential importance in algal physiology, a comprehensive mass spectrometry (MS) characterization, useful to understand their biological behaviour, is still lacking. METHODS: To establish the structural regiochemical features of PHEGs, we employed hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC). Following separation, the isolated band of PHEGs was analyzed using MS techniques. This included multistage tandem MS experiments, performed in both positive and negative electrospray ionization modes at low and high resolution. RESULTS: By comparing MS/MS and MS3 spectra acquired in negative ion mode, the regiochemical rules for PHEG identification were established. The most abundant PHEG species in kombu seaweed, from both Laminaria ochroleuca (European Atlantic) and Laminaria longissima (Japan), was identified as PHEG 20:4/20:4. Less abundant species included PHEG 20:4/20:5 and hydroxylated forms of both PHEG 20:4/20:4 (i.e. 40:8;O) and 20:4/20:5 (40:9;O). The presence of a lyso PHEG 20:4 was consistently detected but at very low levels. CONCLUSIONS: This study employed MS analysis to elucidate the regiochemical patterns of PHEGs in kombu seaweed. We identified PHEG 20:4/20:4 as the dominant species, along with several less abundant variants, including hydroxylated forms. These findings provide valuable insights into the potential roles and metabolism of PHEGs in brown algae, paving the way for further investigation into their biological functions.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Alga Marinha/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Glicina/química , Glicina/análise , Phaeophyceae/química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Laminaria/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Algas Comestíveis
11.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 23(4): e13396, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38925601

RESUMO

Seaweed polysaccharides are natural biomacromolecules with unique physicochemical properties (e.g., good gelling, emulsifying, and film-forming properties) and diverse biological activities (e.g., anticoagulant, antioxidant, immunoregulatory, and antitumor effects). Furthermore, they are nontoxic, biocompatible and biodegradable, and abundant in resources. Therefore, they have been widely utilized in food, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical industries. However, their properties and bioactivities sometimes are not satisfactory for some purposes. Modification of polysaccharides can impart the amphiphilicity and new functions to the biopolymers and change the structure and conformation, thus effectively improving their functional properties and biological activities so as to meet the requirement for targeted applications. This review outlined the modification methods of representative red algae polysaccharides (carrageenan and agar), brown algae polysaccharides (fucoidan, alginate, and laminaran), and green algae polysaccharides (ulvan) that have potential food applications, including etherification, esterification, degradation, sulfation, phosphorylation, selenylation, and so on. The improved functional properties and bioactivities of the modified seaweed polysaccharides and their potential food applications are also summarized.


Assuntos
Polissacarídeos , Alga Marinha , Alga Marinha/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Rodófitas/química , Carragenina/química , Phaeophyceae/química , Clorófitas/química
12.
Fitoterapia ; 176: 106016, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740345

RESUMO

Over the years, the biological activities of seaweeds could have piqued research interest due to their specific functional phytochemistry, which may not be available in terrestrial plants. Seaweeds produce these compounds to overcome and control stressful biotic and abiotic conditions. Additionally, they are potentially excellent sources of highly useful leads in the development of new drugs. Our study aims to unveil, for the first time, an overview of Halopteris scoparia, a species belonging to the Phaeophyceae class and the Stypocaulacea family, by summarizing all available literature data. In this work, we attempt to shed light on its phytochemistry, nutritional values, pharmacological activities, and industrial uses and applications. To gather information related to H. scoparia, relevant keywords were used to search internet databases including Google Scholar, PubMed, ResearchGate, Web of Science, Algae Database, WoRMS database, and DORIS database. The chemical structures were drawn using Chemdraw and verified using the PubChem database. Chemically, this species contains a wide variety of secondary metabolites, such as terpenoids and phenolic compounds. Additionally, other chemical components with nutraceutical value have been identified, such as carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, pigments, minerals and mycosporine like amino acids. Then, holding several reported pharmacological properties, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic, dermoprotective, antidepressive, antibacterial, antibiofilm, antifungal, anti-parasitic activities and acute toxicity. In addition to other their applications such as bioconversion and antifouling activities. To confirm the previous pharmacological properties, more comprehensive and systematic in vivo, preclinical, and clinical studies are needed. Furthermore, research is required to uncover the mechanisms of its active compounds and their potential therapeutic effects in treating other diseases such as atherosclerosis, neurodegenerative diseases, and viral infections.


Assuntos
Phaeophyceae , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Phaeophyceae/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Animais , Alga Marinha/química
13.
Gene ; 926: 148620, 2024 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38821329

RESUMO

The onset of COVID-19 due to the SARS CoV-2 virus has spurred an urgent need for potent therapeutics and vaccines to combat this global pandemic. The main protease (Mpro) of the virus, crucial in its replication, has become a focal point in developing anti-COVID-19 drugs. The cysteine protease Mpro in SARS CoV-2 bears a significant resemblance to the same protease found in SARS CoV-1. Previous research highlighted phlorotannins derived from Ecklonia cava, an edible marine algae, as inhibitors of SARS CoV-1 Mpro activity. However, it remains unclear whether these marine-derived phlorotannins also exert a similar inhibitory effect on SARS CoV-2 Mpro. To unravel this, our study utilized diverse in-silico methodologies. We explored the pharmacological potential of various phlorotannins (phloroglucinol, triphloretol-A, eckol, 2-phloroeckol, 7-phloroeckol, fucodiphloroethol G, dieckol, and phlorofucofuroeckol-A) and assessed their binding efficacies alongside established Mpro inhibitors (N3 and lopinavir) through molecular docking studies. Among these compounds, five phlorotannins (eckol, 2-phloroeckol, 7-phloroeckol, dieckol, and phlorofucofuroeckol-A) exhibited potent binding affinities comparable to or surpassing N3 and lopinavir, interacting especially with the catalytic residues His41 and Cys145 of Mpro. Moreover, molecular dynamics simulations revealed that these five Mpro-phlorotannin complexes displayed enhanced stability and maintained comparable or slightly reduced compactness. They exhibited reduced conformational changes and increased expansion relative to the Mpro-N3 and/or Mpro-lopinavir complex. Our MM-GBSA analysis further supported these findings. Overall, our investigation highlights the potential of these five phlorotannins in inhibiting the proteolytic function of SARS CoV-2 Mpro, offering promise for anti-COVID-19 drug development.


Assuntos
Proteases 3C de Coronavírus , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Phaeophyceae , SARS-CoV-2 , Taninos , Phaeophyceae/química , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/enzimologia , Proteases 3C de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteases 3C de Coronavírus/química , Proteases 3C de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Taninos/farmacologia , Taninos/química , Humanos , COVID-19/virologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/química , Dioxinas
14.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(6): 508, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703265

RESUMO

To cope with the water shortage in Sous Massa region of Morocco, agricultural producers in the region have resorted to different types of water supply basins, known as "irrigation basins" but the phenomenon of eutrophication has hindered the continuity of agricultural productivity by altering the quality of the water used for irrigation on the one hand, and causing economic damage to agricultural producers due to the clogging of the water pumping network on the other. We began by characterising the physico-chemical quality of the water to determine the causes of its high nutrient content, then we determined the taxonomy of the algal species in the irrigation basins to which we had access. A qualitative study of the water in the irrigation basins in order to better explain the inventory obtained from the taxonomic identification of the algal biomass collected, which proved the existence of new species, not previously identified, characterising the freshwaters of the Moroccan region, is under the scope of this work. The species studied belong mainly to the following groups: green algae (11 genera of Chlorophyta and 7 genera of Charophyta), blue algae (7 genera of Cyanobacteria), brown algae (7 genera of Diatoms), and one genus of Euglenophyta.


Assuntos
Irrigação Agrícola , Clorófitas , Monitoramento Ambiental , Eutrofização , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Marrocos , Cianobactérias , Phaeophyceae , Diatomáceas , Abastecimento de Água , Microalgas , Água Doce
15.
Mar Drugs ; 22(5)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786594

RESUMO

Marine macroalgae are increasingly recognized for their significant biological and economic potential. The key to unlocking this potential lies in the efficient degradation of all carbohydrates from the macroalgae biomass. However, a variety of polysaccharides (alginate, cellulose, fucoidan, and laminarin), are difficult to degrade simultaneously in a short time. In this study, the brown alga Saccharina japonica was found to be rapidly and thoroughly degraded by the marine bacterium Agarivorans albus B2Z047. This strain harbors a broad spectrum of carbohydrate-active enzymes capable of degrading various polysaccharides, making it uniquely equipped to efficiently break down both fresh and dried kelp, achieving a hydrolysis rate of up to 52%. A transcriptomic analysis elucidated the presence of pivotal enzyme genes implicated in the degradation pathways of alginate, cellulose, fucoidan, and laminarin. This discovery highlights the bacterium's capability for the efficient and comprehensive conversion of kelp biomass, indicating its significant potential in biotechnological applications for macroalgae resource utilization.


Assuntos
Phaeophyceae , Polissacarídeos , Alga Marinha , Alga Marinha/metabolismo , Phaeophyceae/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Hidrólise , Biomassa , Glucanos/metabolismo , Flavobacteriaceae/metabolismo , Kelp/metabolismo
16.
Mar Drugs ; 22(5)2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786614

RESUMO

Plant-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) elicit diverse biological effects, including promoting skin health. EVs isolated from Ecklonia cava (EV-EC) carry heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), which inhibits key regulators such as TNF-α, MAPKs, and NF-κB, consequently downregulating matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Aging exacerbates oxidative stress, upregulating MAPK and NF-κB signaling and worsening extracellular matrix degradation in the skin. E. cava-derived phlorotannin (PT) mitigates MAPK and NF-κB signaling. We evaluated the impact of EV-EC and PT on skin rejuvenation using an in vitro keratinocyte senescence model and an in vivo aged-mouse model. Western blotting confirmed the presence of HSP70 in EV-EC. Treatment with EV-EC and PT in senescent keratinocytes increased HSP70 expression and decreased the expression of TNF-α, MAPK, NF-κB, activator protein-1 (AP-1), and MMPs. Oxidative stress was also reduced. Sequential treatment with PT and EV-EC (PT/EV-EC) yielded more significant results compared to individual treatments. The administration of PT/EV-EC to the back skin of aged mice mirrored the in vitro findings, resulting in increased collagen fiber accumulation and improved elasticity in the aged skin. Therefore, PT/EV-EC holds promise in promoting skin rejuvenation by increasing HSP70 expression, decreasing the expression of MMPs, and reducing oxidative stress in aged skin.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70 , Queratinócitos , Estresse Oxidativo , Phaeophyceae , Rejuvenescimento , Envelhecimento da Pele , Pele , Animais , Vesículas Extracelulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Phaeophyceae/química , Camundongos , Envelhecimento da Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Taninos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
J Immunol Res ; 2024: 8121284, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38799117

RESUMO

Macroalgae are considered healthy food ingredients due to their content in numerous bioactive compounds, and the traditional use of whole macroalgae in Asian cuisine suggests a contribution to longevity. Although much information is available about the bioactivity of pure algal compounds, such as different polyphenols and polysaccharides, documentation of potential effects of whole macroalgae as part of Western diets is limited. Lifestyle- and age-related diseases, which have a high impact on population health, are closely connected to underlying chronic inflammation. Therefore, we have studied crude extracts of green (Ulva fenestrata) and brown (Saccharina latissima) macroalgae, as two of the most promising food macroalgae in the Nordic countries for their effect on inflammation in vitro. Human macrophage-like reporter THP-1 cells were treated with macroalgae extracts and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce inflammatory signalling. Effects of the macroalgae extracts were assessed on transcription factor activity of NF-κB and IRF as well as secretion and/or expression of the cytokines TNF-α and IFN-ß and chemokines IL-8 and CXCL10. The crude macroalgae extracts were further separated into polyphenol-enriched and polysaccharide-enriched fractions, which were also tested for their effect on transcription factor activity. Interestingly, we observed a selective activation of NF-κB, when cells were treated with macroalgae extracts. On the other hand, pretreatment with macroalgae extracts selectively repressed IRF activation when inflammatory signaling was subsequently induced by LPS. This effect was consistent for both tested species as well as for polyphenol- and polysaccharide-enriched fractions, of which the latter had more pronounced effects. Overall, this is the first indication of how macroalgae could modulate inflammatory signaling by selective activation and subsequent repression of different pathways. Further in vitro and in vivo studies of this mechanism would be needed to understand how macroalgae consumption could influence the prevention of noncommunicable, lifestyle- and age-related diseases that are highly related to unbalanced inflammatory processes.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Macrófagos , NF-kappa B , Phaeophyceae , Alga Marinha , Transdução de Sinais , Humanos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/imunologia , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Células THP-1 , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Algas Comestíveis , Laminaria
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728177

RESUMO

Two Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacteria, designated as strains KJ10-1T and KJ40-1T, were isolated from marine brown algae. Both strains were catalase-positive, oxidase-positive, and facultative aerobic. Strain KJ10-1T exhibited optimal growth at 25 °C, pH 7.0, and 3 % NaCl, whereas strain KJ40-1T showed optimal growth at 25 °C, pH 7.0, and 2 % NaCl. The respiratory quinones of strain KJ10-1T were ubiquinone-8, ubiquinone-7, menaquinone-7, and methylated menaquinone-7, while the respiratory quinone of strain KJ40-1T was only ubiquinone-8. As major fatty acids, strain KJ10-1T contained C16 : 0, C17 : 1 ω8c, iso-C15 : 0, and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c) and strain KJ40-1T contained C16 : 0 and summed features 3 and 8 (C18 : 1 ω7c and/or C18 : 1 ω6c). The major polar lipids in strain KJ10-1T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and an unidentified aminolipid, whereas those in strain KJ40-1T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and diphosphatidylglycerol. The DNA G+C contents of strains KJ10-1T and KJ40-1T were 42.1 and 40.8 mol%, respectively. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strains KJ10-1T and KJ40-1T exhibited the closest relatedness to Shewanella saliphila MMS16-UL250T (98.6 %) and Vibrio rumoiensis S-1T (95.4 %), respectively. Phylogenetic analyses, based on both 16S rRNA and 92 housekeeping genes, showed that the strains formed distinct phylogenic lineages within the genera Shewanella and Vibrio. Digital DNA-DNA hybridization and orthologous average nucleotide identity values between strain KJ10-1T and other Shewanella species, as well as between strain KJ40-1T and other Vibrio species, were below the thresholds commonly accepted for prokaryotic species delineation. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic data, strains KJ10-1T and KJ40-1T represent novel species of the genera Shewanella and Vibrio, respectively, for which the names Shewanella phaeophyticola sp. nov. and Vibrio algarum sp. nov. are proposed, respectively. The type strains of S. phaeophyticola and V. algarum are KJ10-1T (=KACC 22589T=JCM 35409T) and KJ40-1T (=KACC 22588T=JCM 35410T), respectively.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano , Ácidos Graxos , Phaeophyceae , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Shewanella , Ubiquinona , Vibrio , Vitamina K 2 , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Vibrio/genética , Vibrio/classificação , Vibrio/isolamento & purificação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Shewanella/genética , Shewanella/isolamento & purificação , Shewanella/classificação , Phaeophyceae/microbiologia , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Fosfolipídeos , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Água do Mar/microbiologia
19.
Chemosphere ; 359: 142278, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734249

RESUMO

Different bioactive molecules extracted from macroalgae, including oxylipins, showed interesting potentials in different applications, from healthcare to biomaterial manufacturing and environmental remediation. Thus far, no studies reported the effects of oxylipins-containing macroalgae extracts on embryo development of marine invertebrates and on neuroblastoma cancer cells. Here, the effects of an oxylipins-containing extract from Ericaria brachycarpa, a canopy-forming brown algae, were investigated on the development of Arbacia lixula sea urchin embryos and on SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells viability. Embryos and cells were exposed to concentrations covering a full 0-100% dose-response curve, with doses ranging from 0 to 40 µg mL-1 for embryos and from 0 to 200 µg mL-1 for cells. These natural marine toxins caused a dose-dependent decrease of normal embryos development and of neuroblastoma cells viability. Toxicity was higher for exposures starting from the gastrula embryonal stage if compared to the zygote and pluteus stages, with an EC50 significantly lower by 33 and 68%, respectively. Embryos exposed to low doses showed a general delay in development with a decrease in the ability to calcify, while higher doses caused 100% block of embryo growth. Exposure of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells to 40 µg mL-1 for 72 h caused 78% mortality, while no effect was observed on their neuronal-like cells derivatives, suggesting a selective targeting of proliferating cells. Western Blot experiments on both model systems displayed the modulation of different molecular markers (HSP60, HSP90, LC3, p62, CHOP and cleaved caspase-7), showing altered stress response and enhanced autophagy and apoptosis, confirmed by increased fragmented DNA in apoptotic nuclei. Our study gives new insights into the molecular strategies that marine invertebrates use when responding to their environmental natural toxins and suggests the E. brachycarpa's extract as a potential source for the development of innovative, environmentally friendly products with larvicide and antineoplastic activity.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência Celular , Neuroblastoma , Oxilipinas , Ouriços-do-Mar , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ouriços-do-Mar/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Alga Marinha , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Phaeophyceae/química , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Toxinas Marinhas/toxicidade
20.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300543, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573954

RESUMO

Wound healing, one of the most intricate and dynamic processes of the body, maintains skin integrity following trauma. One of the main issues that still exists is impaired wound healing, particularly for immunosuppressed patients. Recently, natural products from marine environments have been employed in wound-repairing activities. This work investigates the mesenchymal stem cells in the combined capacity of the bone marrow (BMMSC) for wound healing and Cystoseira sp. Algae extract in immunosuppressed rats. High-resolution liquid chromatography / MS investigation of Cystoseira extract revealed the prevalence of fatty acids that have wound-soothing potential. From constructed PPI network for wound healing and further analysis through molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation experiments suggested that cystalgerone metabolite may be responsible for the wound healing-promoting effect of Cystoseira extract. According to the CD marker characterization of the BMMSC, 98.21% of them expressed CD90, and 97.1% expressed CD105. Sixteen d after immunity suppression (by 40 mg/kg hydrocortisone daily), an incision was made in the dorsal skin of the rat. The treatments were applied for 16 d and samples were taken from the tested groups on the 8th, 14th, and 16th days. The BMMSCs / Cystoseira group showed significantly improved wound closure, thickness, density of new layers, and skin elasticity than the control group (p < 0.001). The BMMSCs / Cystoseira combination significantly reduced the oxidative indicators, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and immune markers, according to the RT-PCR gene expression study. In order to delve deeper into the complex interconnections among wound healing-related biological targets and pinpoint key factors in this complex process, we engaged in network pharmacology and computational research. Subsequently, we conducted a comprehensive computational analysis, including reverse docking, free energy (ΔG) computation, and molecular dynamics simulations, on the molecular structures of the annotated compounds. The purpose of this investigation was to identify potential new targets for these chemicals as well as any potential interactions they may have with different signaling pathways related to the wound healing process. Our research indicates that the primary compounds of Cystoseira holds potential wound healing therapeutic activity. Although more safety testing and clinical studies are required, the combination has great potential for regenerative medicine and could be a revolutionary advance in the healing of the wounds of immunosuppressed patients.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Phaeophyceae , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Cicatrização , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Pele/lesões
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