Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 73.550
Filtrar
1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2559: 205-227, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36180635

RESUMO

Infusion of regulatory T cells is a promising therapeutic strategy in organ transplantation to modulate the immune system, prevent rejection, minimize the need for pharmaceutical immunosuppression, and improve long-term transplant outcomes. Here we describe a GMP-compliant method we have used for the manufacture of ex vivo expanded autologous regulatory T cells for use in clinical trials.


Assuntos
Transplante de Órgãos , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Tolerância Imunológica , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Preparações Farmacêuticas
2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121802, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070674

RESUMO

Diflunisal (5-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)salicylic acid, DIF), salicylic acid (SAL) derivative, which, on the one hand, is active pharmaceutical ingredient, on the other hand, belongs to the compounds exhibiting excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) behaviour was used to study the drug interactions with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) matrix. For clarifying the nature and mechanisms of the drug-matrix interactions the salicylic acid (SAL) molecule was selected as the model active ESIPT compound, whose physicochemical properties in different media are well understood. The solute-solvent interactions (non-specific (dipole-dipole) versus specific (hydrogen bonding)) of DIF and SAL with different neat solvents were investigated using the steady-state spectroscopic technique. The solvent effect on spectral behaviours of DIF and SAL was analyzed based on the parametric solvent scales. In order to identify functional groups in the PVA matrices, determine the structure present in the studied molecule-PVA system and thus obtain information about the potential interactions between PVA and the studied molecules, the Raman spectra of pure PVA, SAL-PVA and DIF-PVA systems were measured. It has been shown that the molecular structure of the active substance entrapped in the polymer matrix affects the structure of the polymer, i.e., isotactic (SAL-PVA) versus syndiotactic (DIF-PVA) structure. The analysis of drug release kinetics revealed that the DIF is more strongly bound to PVA in comparison to SAL, which confirms conclusions drawn from the analysis of the Raman spectra i.e., the isotactic structure of SAL-PVA material results in a faster initial release process of weakly bound, located on the surface of the polymer SAL molecules.


Assuntos
Diflunisal , Álcool de Polivinil , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Polímeros/química , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Prótons , Ácido Salicílico , Solventes
3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 284: 121636, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36229084

RESUMO

In this review, the comprehensive summary of two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) for the last two years is covered. The remarkable applications of 2D-COS in diverse fields using many types of probes and perturbations for the last two years are highlighted. IR spectroscopy is still the most popular probe in 2D-COS during the last two years. Applications in fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy are also very popularly used. In the external perturbations applied in 2D-COS, variations in concentration, pH, and relative compositions are dramatically increased during the last two years. Temperature is still the most used effect, but it is slightly decreased compared to two years ago. 2D-COS has been applied to diverse systems, such as environments, natural products, polymers, food, proteins and peptides, solutions, mixtures, nano materials, pharmaceuticals, and others. Especially, biological and environmental applications have significantly emerged. This survey review paper shows that 2D-COS is an actively evolving and expanding field.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Proteínas , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Polímeros , Proteínas/química , Análise Espectral Raman
4.
Food Chem ; 399: 133958, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36027812

RESUMO

The aim of study was to optimize an QuEChERS extraction procedure for simultaneous determination of organic pollutants in aquaculture products. The QuEChERS extracts were measured using LC-HRMS. The target contaminants include 32 pesticides and 20 pharmaceuticals which have not been regulated for the products in Korea. The method was validated according to CODEX guideline (CAC/GL 71-2009). LOD and LOQ for all analytes ranged from 0.1 to 2 µg/kg and from 0.5 to 5 µg/kg, respectively. Intra-day (n = 5) and inter-day (n = 9) accuracy and precision were evaluated with the guideline. The validated method was applied to aquaculture products (n = 303). As a result, 14 pesticides and 8 pharmaceuticals were quantified. Fluxapyroxad, a fungicide frequently detected in domestic surface waters, was found with relatively higher concentration in 17 out of 23 species. It proves that a hydrophobic inland contaminant can be accumulated in the aquaculture products.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Aquicultura , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247604, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339370

RESUMO

Abstract In the current report, we studied the possible inhibitors of COVID-19 from bioactive constituents of Centaurea jacea using a threefold approach consisting of quantum chemical, molecular docking and molecular dynamic techniques. Centaurea jacea is a perennial herb often used in folk medicines of dermatological complaints and fever. Moreover, anticancer, antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral properties of its bioactive compounds are also reported. The Mpro (Main proteases) was docked with different compounds of Centaurea jacea through molecular docking. All the studied compounds including apigenin, axillarin, Centaureidin, Cirsiliol, Eupatorin and Isokaempferide, show suitable binding affinities to the binding site of SARS-CoV-2 main protease with their binding energies -6.7 kcal/mol, -7.4 kcal/mol, -7.0 kcal/mol, -5.8 kcal/mol, -6.2 kcal/mol and -6.8 kcal/mol, respectively. Among all studied compounds, axillarin was found to have maximum inhibitor efficiency followed by Centaureidin, Isokaempferide, Apigenin, Eupatorin and Cirsiliol. Our results suggested that axillarin binds with the most crucial catalytic residues CYS145 and HIS41 of the Mpro, moreover axillarin shows 5 hydrogen bond interactions and 5 hydrophobic interactions with various residues of Mpro. Furthermore, the molecular dynamic calculations over 60 ns (6×106 femtosecond) time scale also shown significant insights into the binding effects of axillarin with Mpro of SARS-CoV-2 by imitating protein like aqueous environment. From molecular dynamic calculations, the RMSD and RMSF computations indicate the stability and dynamics of the best docked complex in aqueous environment. The ADME properties and toxicity prediction analysis of axillarin also recommended it as safe drug candidate. Further, in vivo and in vitro investigations are essential to ensure the anti SARS-CoV-2 activity of all bioactive compounds particularly axillarin to encourage preventive use of Centaurea jacea against COVID-19 infections.


Resumo No presente relatório, estudamos os possíveis inibidores de Covid-19 de constituintes bioativos de Centaurea jacea usando uma abordagem tripla que consiste em técnicas de química quântica, docking molecular e dinâmica molecular. Centaurea jacea é uma erva perene frequentemente usada em remédios populares de doenças dermatológicas e febre. Além disso, as propriedades anticâncer, antioxidante, antibacteriana e antiviral de seus compostos bioativos também são relatadas. A Mpro (proteases principais) foi acoplada a diferentes compostos de Centaurea jacea por meio de docking molecular. Todos os compostos estudados, incluindo apigenina, axilarina, Centaureidina, Cirsiliol, Eupatorina e Isokaempferide, mostram afinidades de ligação adequadas ao sítio de ligação da protease principal SARS-CoV-2 com suas energias de ligação -6,7 kcal / mol, -7,4 kcal / mol, - 7,0 kcal / mol, -5,8 kcal / mol, -6,2 kcal / mol e -6,8 kcal / mol, respectivamente. Dentre todos os compostos estudados, a axilarina apresentou eficiência máxima de inibidor, seguida pela Centaureidina, Isokaempferida, Apigenina, Eupatorina e Cirsiliol. Nossos resultados sugeriram que a axilarina se liga aos resíduos catalíticos mais cruciais CYS145 e HIS41 do Mpro, além disso a axilarina mostra 5 interações de ligações de hidrogênio e 5 interações hidrofóbicas com vários resíduos de Mpro. Além disso, os cálculos de dinâmica molecular em uma escala de tempo de 60 ns (6 × 106 femtossegundos) também mostraram percepções significativas sobre os efeitos de ligação da axilarina com Mpro de SARS-CoV-2 por imitação de proteínas como o ambiente aquoso. A partir de cálculos de dinâmica molecular, os cálculos RMSD e RMSF indicam a estabilidade e dinâmica do melhor complexo ancorado em ambiente aquoso. As propriedades ADME e a análise de previsão de toxicidade da axilarina também a recomendaram como um candidato a medicamento seguro. Além disso, as investigações in vivo e in vitro são essenciais para garantir a atividade anti-SARS-CoV-2 de todos os compostos bioativos, particularmente a axilarina, para encorajar o uso preventivo de Centaurea jacea contra infecções por Covid-19.


Assuntos
Humanos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Centaurea , COVID-19 , Inibidores de Proteases , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Chemosphere ; 310: 136816, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272621

RESUMO

Micropollutants are ubiquitously detected in the aqueous environment, which needs to be removed by novel materials effectively. Herein, we synthesized a photo-Fenton catalyst based on MIL-53 (Fe) to effectively degrade sulfadimidine, one of the micropollutants in water. Abundant Lewis acid active sites (54.26 µmol/g) were successfully constructed within the metal cluster using FeCl3·6H2O, 1,4-benzene dicarboxylate, and modulators. This study reports a strategy by effectively constructing tunable Lewis acid active sites within the cavities in MIL-53 (Fe) via a facile solvothermal reaction for sixteen micropollutants removal. The photo-Fenton degradation of sulfamethazine was completely removed (∼99%) within only 1 min with a small amount of hydrogen peroxide added. Both theoretical calculation and the experiment results prove that introducing the unsaturated coordinated/lewis acid sites can remarkably reduce the band gap energy and increase the charge-separation efficiency by changing the electron configuration with more distribution asymmetry of structures. The effective degradation of structurally diverse pharmaceuticals with environmentally relevant concentrations was studied by immobilizing MOF-catalyst into a PVDF support. This work advanced the development of effective approaches for emergency contaminants control.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Ácidos de Lewis , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Sulfametazina , Preparações Farmacêuticas
7.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt A): 116478, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272291

RESUMO

The occurrence of pharmaceutical active compounds (PhACs) in aquatic environments is a cause for concern due to potential adverse effects on human and ecosystem health. Constructed wetlands (CWs) are cost-efficient and sustainable wastewater treatment systems for the removal of these PhACs. The removal processes and mechanisms comprise a complex interplay of photodegradation, biodegradation, phytoremediation, and sorption. This review synthesized the current knowledge on CWs for the removal of 20 widely detected PhACs in wastewater. In addition, the major removal mechanisms and influencing factors are discussed, enabling comprehensive and critical understanding for optimizing the removal of PhACs in CWs. Consequently, potential strategies for intensifying CWs system performance for PhACs removal are discussed. Overall, the results of this review showed that CWs performance in the elimination of some pharmaceuticals was on a par with conventional wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and, for others, it was above par. Furthermore, the findings indicated that system design, operational, and environmental factors played important but highly variable roles in the removal of pharmaceuticals. Nonetheless, although CWs were proven to be a more cost-efficient and sustainable technology for pharmaceuticals removal than other engineered treatment systems, there were still several research gaps to be addressed, mainly including the fate of a broad range of emerging contaminants in CWs, identification of specific functional microorganisms, transformation pathways of specific pharmaceuticals, assessment of transformation products and the ecotoxicity evaluation of CWs effluents.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Humanos , Águas Residuárias/análise , Áreas Alagadas , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Ecossistema , Biodegradação Ambiental , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 136814, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283426

RESUMO

The widespread use and misuse of antibiotics and pesticides has been linked with several risks to the environment and human health. In the present report, the results of the monitoring of 64 pharmaceuticals and 134 pesticides occurrence in an urban river in Southern Brazil are presented and discussed. Sampling campaigns have covered the period 2016-2018. The identification and determination of the analytes were achieved by high-resolution mass spectrometry. The data were analyzed using chemometric tools to obtain spatial-temporal models. Toxicological evaluation was achieved using acute toxicity (zebrafish standardized protocol), and determination of risk quotient. Within the 198 analytes included in the targeted analysis method for surface water, 33 were identified in an urban river during 2 years of monitoring, being 20 pharmaceuticals and 13 pesticides. Using high-resolution mass spectrometry, a suspect screening approach was established in an un-target analysis. The evaluation was carried out using a data bank built from consumption data of drugs and pesticides, in the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre - RS and their respective metabolites. The suspect screening analysis done with a data bank with more than 1450 compounds results in 27 suspect findings. The target analysis results showed a continuous prevalence of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, analgesics, antipyretics, beta-blockers, corticoids, and antibiotics. Regarding the pesticides, the main classes were fungicides, especially those from triazol and strobilurin classes.


Assuntos
Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Humanos , Rios/química , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Peixe-Zebra , Brasil , Praguicidas/análise , Antibacterianos/análise , Preparações Farmacêuticas
10.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 137040, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326515

RESUMO

The sustainable control of pharmaceutical micropollutants in water and wastewater environments is a great challenge in the 21st century. To address these issues, unique CdO nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized using a facile hydrothermal approach and investigated for photocatalytic control of the antibiotic tetracycline, multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB), and total coliform in the wastewater effluent. The NPs were characterized using a range of techniques and it exhibited a spherical-like crystal structure with a mean size of 40 nm. The vibrational stretching mode of 1419 cm-1 confirmed the formation of Cd-O (M - O). The synthesis protocol formed smoother surfaces and 1.88 eV band gap energy of CdO NPs, inducing excellent photocatalytic activity under visible LED light (blue and white) irradiation. The optimal catalyst dose and pH were 100 mg/L and 8-9, respectively. Blue light proved more effective than white light, resulting in 28% higher efficiency (93 ± 0.47%) in tetracycline degradation than white light under an identical intensity (20 mW/cm2). White light required a four-fold higher light intensity (80 mW/cm2) than blue light to induce comparable photocatalytic MDRB inactivation. Bacterial cell lysis by the photocatalytic treatment was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The used catalyst was easily recovered by 5 min of centrifugation and re-used without any noticeable change in the photocatalytic decomposition. The trapping experiment revealed that the CdO-based NPs contributed primarily to the generation of •O2- and •OH radicals (Type I), but the •O2- radicals were the dominant reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the photocatalytic process.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Águas Residuárias , Águas Residuárias/química , Luz , Catálise , Nanopartículas/química , Tetraciclina , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Preparações Farmacêuticas
11.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128233, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332873

RESUMO

To enhance nitrogen removal of fermentation pharmaceutical wastewater with high nitrogen load, a full-scale process based on simultaneous partial nitrification-denitrification/ anammox/ sulfur autotrophic denitrification (SPAS) was established via inoculating with bioaugmentation consortia in a modified two-stage AO. More than 93 % TN and 98 % NH4+-N removal were obtained at a rate of 0.8 kg-N/ m3/d in the first A/O stage, in which short-cut SND was involved with 96.05 % ESND when bioaugmented with SND, while S0-SAD could coordinate with anammox to exert further deep denitrification in the second A/O stage. KEGG analysis demonstrated that the SPAS process was synergism of HD, PN/PDN, SND, SAD and anammox metabolism, bioaugmentation could significantly up-regulate genes related to microbial metabolism (TCA cycle, Carbon metabolism, ABC transporters) and environmental adaptation (Two-component system, Quorum sensing) based on the FAPROTAX and Picrust2 functional prediction. This study provided a new perspective in engineering applications.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Nitrificação , Nitritos , Nitratos , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Reatores Biológicos , Oxirredução , Águas Residuárias , Nitrogênio , Enxofre , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Esgotos
12.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 137084, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334754

RESUMO

Recently, pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) have been of wide concern due to their ecological toxicity, persistence, and ubiquity in aquatic environments. Peroxymonosulfate-based advanced oxidation processes (PMS-AOPs) have shown great potential for eliminating PPCPs due to their superior oxidation ability and adaptability. Biochar-based nanohybrids have been employed as emerging catalysts for peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation. Until now, few researchers have summarized PMS activation by biochar-based catalysts for PPCPs removal. In this review, the types, sources, fates, and ecological toxicities of PPCPs were first summarized. Furthermore, various preparation and modification methods of biochar-based catalysts were systematically introduced. Importantly, the application of activating PMS with biochar-based multifunctional nanocomposites for eliminating PPCPs was reviewed. The influencing factors, such as catalysts dosage, PMS dosage, solution pH, temperature, anions, natural organic matters (NOMs), and pollutants concentration were broadly discussed. Biochar-based catalysts can act as electron donors, electron acceptors, and electron shuttles to activate PMS for the removal of PPCPs through radical pathways or/and non-radical pathways. The degradation mechanisms of PPCPs are correlated with persistent free radicals (PFRs), metal species, defective sites, graphitized degree, functional groups, electronic attributes, and the hybridization modes of biochar-based catalysts. Finally, the current problems and further research directions on the industrial application of biochar-based nanocomposites were proposed. This study provides some enlightenment for the efficient removal of PPCPs with biochar-based catalysts in PMS-AOPs.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Cosméticos , Peróxidos , Preparações Farmacêuticas
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 856(Pt 2): 159069, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174698

RESUMO

Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent-dominated streams provide critical habitat for aquatic and terrestrial organisms but also continually expose them to complex mixtures of pharmaceuticals that can potentially impair growth, behavior, and reproduction. Currently, few biomarkers are available that relate to pharmaceutical-specific mechanisms of action. In the experiment reported in this paper, zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos at two developmental stages were exposed to water samples from three sampling sites (0.1 km upstream of the outfall, at the effluent outfall, and 0.1 km below the outfall) during base-flow conditions from two months (January and May) of a temperate-region effluent-dominated stream containing a complex mixture of pharmaceuticals and other contaminants of emerging concern. RNA-sequencing identified potential biological impacts and biomarkers of WWTP effluent exposure that extend past traditional markers of endocrine disruption. Transcriptomics revealed changes to a wide range of biological functions and pathways including cardiac, neurological, visual, metabolic, and signaling pathways. These transcriptomic changes varied by developmental stage and displayed sensitivity to variable chemical composition and concentration of effluent, thus indicating a need for stage-specific biomarkers. Some transcripts are known to be associated with genes related to pharmaceuticals that were present in the collected samples. Although traditional biomarkers of endocrine disruption were not enriched in either month, a high estrogenicity signal was detected upstream in May and implicates the presence of unidentified chemical inputs not captured by the targeted chemical analysis. This work reveals associations between bioeffects of exposure, stage of development, and the composition of chemical mixtures in effluent-dominated surface water. The work underscores the importance of measuring effects beyond the endocrine system when assessing the impact of bioactive chemicals in WWTP effluent and identifies a need for non-targeted chemical analysis when bioeffects are not explained by the targeted analysis.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Águas Residuárias/química , Rios/química , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Larva/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Estações do Ano , Água/análise , Preparações Farmacêuticas
14.
Int J Cancer ; 152(2): 276-282, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716142

RESUMO

Previous estimates of the likelihood of a drug tested in phase I trials obtaining FDA clearance are out of date. In the intervening years, newer pharmaceuticals have been developed, resulting in new delivery systems and lines of therapies. We sought to explore and update these estimates by comprehensively searching drugs tested in phase I trials and to determine the factors associated with later receiving FDA approval. In a cross-sectional analysis, we searched for anti-tumor drugs tested in phase I trials and published in scientific journals or presented at hematology/oncology conferences. For each drug, we searched PubMed for phase II and phase III studies testing the drug for the same indication tested in phase I studies. We found 51 drug approvals; four were withdrawn. The probability of a drug tested in 2015 being approved by 2021 was 6.2%. Drugs tested as monotherapy were more likely to receive approval than drugs tested in combination, and monoclonal antibodies were more likely to receive approval than drugs of other mechanisms. In adjusted models, response rates higher than 40% in phase I studies, demonstrating an improvement in overall survival (OS) in phase III studies, and drugs tested as monotherapy were associated with receiving FDA approval. When looking at all drugs tested during a single year, most drugs were not approved, and among those that are approved, almost 8% are withdrawn. Response rates higher than 40%, testing a drug as monotherapy, and demonstrating an improvement in OS were associated with receiving FDA approval.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Aprovação de Drogas , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Preparações Farmacêuticas
15.
Cancer Lett ; 552: 215969, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279982

RESUMO

Drug conjugates are conjugates comprising a tumor-homing carrier tethered to a cytotoxic agent via a linker that are designed to deliver an ultra-toxic payload directly to the target cancer cells. This strategy has been successfully used to increase the therapeutic efficacy of cytotoxic agents and reduce their toxic side effects. Drug conjugates are being developed worldwide, with the potential to revolutionize current cancer treatment strategies. Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) have developed rapidly, and 14 of them have received market approval since the first approval event by the Food and Drug Administration in 2000. However, there are some limitations in the use of antibodies as carriers. Other classes of drug conjugates are emerging, such as targeted drugs conjugated with peptides (peptide-drug conjugates, PDCs) and polymers (polymer-drug conjugates, PolyDCs) with the remaining constructs similar to those of ADCs. These novel drug conjugates are gaining attention because they overcome the limitations of ADCs. This review summarizes the current state and advancements in knowledge regarding the design, constructs, and clinical efficacy of different drug conjugates.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Imunoconjugados , Neoplasias , Humanos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Imunoconjugados/farmacologia , Imunoconjugados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos
16.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121911, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174404

RESUMO

Molnupiravir is an oral antiviral drug developed to provide significant benefit in reducing hospitalizations or deaths in mild COVID-19. Integrated green computational spectrophotometric method was developed for the determination of molnupiravir. Theoretical calculations were performed to predict the best coupling agent for efficient diazo coupling of molnupiravir. The binding energy between molnupiravir and various phenolic coupling agents, α-naphthol, ß-naphthol, 8-hydroxyquinoline, resorcinol, and phloroglucinol, was measured using Gaussian 03 software based on the density functional theory method and the basis set B3LYP/6-31G(d). The results showed that the interaction between molnupiravir and 8-hydroxyquinoline was higher than that of other phenolic coupling agents. The method described was based on the formation of a red colored chromogen by the diazo coupling of molnupiravir with sodium nitrite in acidic medium to form a diazonium ion coupled with 8-hydroxyquinoline. The absorption spectra showed maximum sharp peaks at 515 nm. The reaction conditions were optimized. Beer's law was followed over the concentration range of 1-12 µg/ml molnupiravir. Job's continuous variation method was developed and the stoichiometric ratio of molnupiravir to 8-hydroxyquinoline was determined to be 1:1. The described method was successfully applied to the determination of molnupiravir in pure form and in pharmaceutical dosage form. The results showed that the proposed method has minimal environmental impact compared to previous HPLC method.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Espectrofotometria/métodos , Oxiquinolina , Preparações Farmacêuticas
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130213, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283219

RESUMO

Pharmaceutical compounds in aquatic environments have been considered as emerging contaminants due to their potential risks to living organisms. Microalgae-based technology showed the feasibility of removing pharmaceutical contaminants. This review summarizes the occurrence, classification, possible emission sources, and environmental risk of frequently detected pharmaceutical compounds in aqueous environments. The efficiency, mechanisms, and influencing factors for the removal of pharmaceutical compounds through microalgae-based technology are further discussed. Pharmaceutical compounds frequently detected in aqueous environments include antibiotics, hormones, analgesic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cardiovascular agents, central nervous system drugs (CNS), antipsychotics, and antidepressants, with a concentration ranging from ng/L to µg/L. Microalgae-based technology majorly remove the pharmaceutical compounds through bioadsorption, bioaccumulation, biodegradation, photodegradation, and co-metabolism. This review identifies the opportunities and challenges for microalgae-based technology and proposed suggestions for future studies to tackle challenges. The findings of this review advance our understanding of the occurrence and fate of pharmaceutical contaminants in aqueous environments, highlighting the potential of microalgae-based technology for pharmaceutical contaminants removal.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Microalgas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biotecnologia , Preparações Farmacêuticas/metabolismo , Águas Residuárias
18.
Talanta ; 252: 123787, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35981427

RESUMO

The development of a safe and effective active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) to be used for addressing a disease is of the utmost importance in the pharmaceutical industry. Oftentimes, the synthetic pathway required for API development involves the genesis of a chiral compound. Asymmetric syntheses are popular routes for generating these kinds of compounds; these reaction routes require a high level of attention for efficient and successful syntheses. Process analytical technology (PAT) provides significant advantages for monitoring, controlling, and assessing synthetic processes directly and in real time. In this review, PAT applications for investigating and improving asymmetric synthetic reactions are discussed. The totality of this effort provides a comprehensive and thorough repository of recent work which has advanced the pharmaceutical field for generating chiral compounds for industrial applications.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Farmacêutica , Tecnologia , Preparações Farmacêuticas
19.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 222: 115080, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191444

RESUMO

The quality assessment of medicines involves multiple compliance parameters, such as identity, dosage, purity, potency, content uniformity, disintegration time, dissolution rate, among others. The measurement uncertainty associated with a measured value can affect the conformity assessment and, consequently, it impacts decision-making. Even if the particular risks are acceptable, the total risk may be significantly high. Thus, the aim of this work was to develop a procedure for the definition of acceptance (or rejection) limits applied to multiple compliance assessments, that ensure acceptable particular and total risks. The multiple compliance assessments were performed and applied in the pharmaceutical equivalence studies for cisplatin injectable solution, carboplatin injectable solution, ranitidine tablets, and acetaminophen oral solution from several manufacturers. Pharmaceutical equivalence studies were performed adopting pharmacopeial analytical procedures. All chromatographic system suitability results complied with the requirements regarding the resolution between peaks, the capacity factor, the tailing factor, the theoretical plates, and the relative standard deviation for replicate injections. Univariate and multivariate guard-bands (g and g', respectively) were calculated by multiplying the standard uncertainty (u) by an appropriate univariate and multivariate coverage factor (k and k', respectively).The values of multivariate guard band (g') were higher than the values of univariate guard bands (g), which leads to more restrictive acceptance intervals. Measured values between the conventional and the multivariate acceptance limits will ensure particular risk values below the maximum acceptable value, however, the total risk may be significantly high. On the other hand, measured values within the multivariate acceptance limits ensure that particular risk values and total risk value are below the maximum acceptable value The application of multivariate guard bands is a simple way to ensure reduced particular and total risks of false conformity decisions, which is of great interest to regulatory agencies and the manufactures of the medicines.


Assuntos
Incerteza , Preparações Farmacêuticas
20.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 222: 115062, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36194910

RESUMO

The first, sensitive, and rapid chiral method was developed for enatioseperations and determination of cabotegravir and its enantiomeric impurities by using HPLC and LC-MS. Cabotegravir is an antiretroviral medication used for the treatment of HIV/AIDS approved by the food and drugs administration (FDA) in the year 2021. The cabotegravir chiral separation was achieved on the coated cellulose-tris (4-chloro-3-methyl phenyl carbamate) (CHIRALCEL OX-3R) column in HILIC mode and the total run time is less than 15 min. The effects of mobile phase composition, elution mode, and percentage of organic modifier as well as the effect of mobile phase-additives and column temperature were investigated on selectivity, resolution, and peak symmetry. The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile and water with 0.1% (v/v) addition of formic acid additive with the flow rate of 1 mLmin-1. UV detection was carried out at 220 nm. The calibration curves of cabotegravir and its enantiomers were linear over the concentration range of 0.04-1.125 µgmL-1. The limits of detection and quantification for cabotegravir and its enantiomer (RS isomer) were ≤ 0.02 and ≤ 0.06, and the RR and SS-isomers limits were ≤ 0.02 and 0.03 µgmL-1 respectively. It was demonstrated that the proposed method is selective, precise, and robust. Finally, the validated method was applied for the determination and identification of cabotegravir and its chiral enantiomers in the bulk drugs by using HPLC and LC-MS techniques.


Assuntos
Celulose , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Estereoisomerismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Preparações Farmacêuticas
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...