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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 242, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Morphological plasticity is one of the capacities of plants to modify their morphological appearance in response to external stimuli. A plant's morphology and physiology are constantly tuned to its variable surroundings by complex interactions between environmental stimuli and internal signals. In most of plant species,, such phenotypic and physiological expression varies among different varieties based on their levels of particular environmental stress conditions. However, the morphological and yield responses of common bean varieties to different environmental conditions are not well known. The purpose of the study was to evaluate morphological and yield response of common bean to soil moisture stress and to investigate the morphological mechanism by which common bean varieties tolerate fluctuations in moisture stress. METHODS: A pot experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of different moisture levels on the phenotypic and yield responses of common bean varieties. A factorial combination of five common bean varieties (Hirna, kufanzik, Awash-1, Ado, and Chercher) and three moisture levels (control, waterlogging stress, and moisture deficit stress) was used in three replications. Moisture stress treatments were started 20 days after planting, at the trifoliate growth stage. To evaluate the response of each variety, morphological and yield data were collected at week intervals. MAIN RESULTS: The results indicated that moisture levels and varieties had a significant influence on all growth parameters. Crop phenology was significantly influenced by the interaction effect of moisture level and variety. Exposing Hirna variety to moisture stress led to extended flowering and pod setting by 23 and 24 days, respectively, compared to the other treatments. The results showed that the phenotypic responses to moisture deficit and waterlogging stress varied between varieties. Waterlogging stress had a stronger reduction effect on the fresh weight, dry weight and leaf area of common bean varieties than moisture deficit and the control. Pods per plant, seeds per plant, grain yield per plant, and harvest index were significantly influenced by the varieties, moisture stress levels and their interaction. Except for Chercher and Hirna. However, varieties Ado, kufanzik and Awasha-1 did not show significant differences on the time of flower initiation due to moisture level. Biomass and growth in leaf fresh weight, leaf dry weight, leaf area, leaf number and plant height were significantly influenced by moisture level. When moisture deficit and waterlogging stress occurred, Ado and Awash-1 were more responsive to moisture stress than Hirna, Chercher, and Kufanzik. CONCLUSION: Hence, Hirna and Kufanzik varieties were found to be tolerant because they produced higher yields than the Chercher, Awash-1, and Ado varieties.


Assuntos
Phaseolus , Phaseolus/genética , Solo , Biomassa , Sementes , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
2.
Funct Plant Biol ; 512024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560925

RESUMO

Continuous increasing leaf photosynthesis may enhance plant yield. As an evolutionary property, plants use less photosynthetic capacity than is theoretically possible. Plant nanobionics is a bioengineering field that improves plant functions using nanoparticles. We applied orange carbon dots (o-CDs) onto the foliage of green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris ) grown in hydroponics to improve their photosynthetic performance and CO2 assimilation. Photosynthesis parameters, photosynthetic pigments content, total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidative activity (TAA) were measured. Results show that photosynthetic pigments remained unchanged, while photosynthesis was improved. Both o-CDs concentrations decreased TPC and TAA. The light response curve showed higher CO2 assimilation at both o-CDs concentrations, particularly at lower light intensity. Correlation analysis confirmed increased CO2 binding and assimilation at 1mg L-1 . This study demonstrated the potential of using o-CDs as a safe biostimulator through photosynthesis increase and CO2 assimilation without toxic effects on plants. This may stimulate yield increase that paves the way for their agricultural application.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Phaseolus , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Phaseolus/metabolismo , Carbono , Fotossíntese , Luz , Plantas/metabolismo
3.
Funct Integr Genomics ; 24(2): 47, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430379

RESUMO

Amino acid transporters (AATs) are essential integral membrane proteins that serve multiple roles, such as facilitating the transport of amino acids across cell membranes. They play a crucial role in the growth and development of plants. Phaseolus vulgaris, a significant legume crop, serves as a valuable model for studying root symbiosis. In this study, we have conducted an exploration of the AAT gene family in P. vulgaris. In this research, we identified 84 AAT genes within the P. vulgaris genome sequence and categorized them into 12 subfamilies based on their similarity and phylogenetic relationships with AATs found in Arabidopsis and rice. Interestingly, these AAT genes were not evenly distributed across the chromosomes of P. vulgaris . Instead, there was an unusual concentration of these genes located toward the outer edges of chromosomal arms. Upon conducting motif analysis and gene structural analysis, we observed a consistent presence of similar motifs and an intron-exon distribution pattern among the subfamilies. When we analyzed the expression profiles of PvAAT genes, we noted tissue-specific expression patterns. Furthermore, our investigation into AAT gene expression under rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbiotic conditions revealed that certain genes exhibited high levels of expression. Specifically, ATLa5 and LHT2 was notably upregulated under both symbiotic conditions. These findings point towards a potential role of AATs in the context of rhizobial and mycorrhizal symbiosis in P. vulgaris, in addition to their well-established regulatory functions.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Phaseolus , Rhizobium , Simbiose/genética , Phaseolus/genética , Filogenia , Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos/genética , Membrana Celular
4.
Food Res Int ; 181: 114098, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448107

RESUMO

Quantitative changes at different length scales (molecular, microscopic, and macroscopic levels) during cooking were evaluated to better understand the cooking behavior of common beans. The microstructural evolution of presoaked fresh and aged red kidney beans during cooking at 95 °C was quantified using light microscopy coupled with image analysis. These data were related to macroscopic properties, being hardness and volume changes representing texture and swelling of the beans during cooking. Microstructural properties included the cell area (Acell), the fraction of intercellular spaces (%Ais), and the fraction of starch area within the cells (%As/c), reflecting respectively cell expansion, cell separation, and starch swelling. A strong linear correlation between hardness and %Ais (r = -0.886, p = 0.07), along with a significant relative change in %Ais (∼5 times), suggests that softening is predominantly due to cell separation rather than cell expansion. Regarding volume changes, substantial cell expansion (Acell increased by ∼1.5 times) during the initial 30 min of cooking was greatly associated with the increase in the cotyledon volume, while the significance of cell separation became more prominent during the later stages of cooking. Furthermore, we found that the seed coat, rather than the cotyledon, played a major role in the swelling of whole beans, which became less pronounced after aging. The macroscopic properties did not correlate with %As/c. However, the evolution of %As/c conveyed information on the swelling of the starch granules during cooking. During the initial phase, the starch granule swelling mainly filled the cells, while during the later phase, the further swelling was confined by the cell wall. This study provides strong microscopic evidence supporting the direct involvement of the cell wall/ middle lamella network in microstructural changes during cooking as affected by aging, which is in line with the results of molecular changes.


Assuntos
Phaseolus , Verduras , Culinária , Amido
5.
Plant Signal Behav ; 19(1): 2333144, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545860

RESUMO

Plant electrophysiology has unveiled the involvement of electrical signals in the physiology and behavior of plants. Spontaneously generated bioelectric activity can be altered in response to changes in environmental conditions, suggesting that a plant's electrome may possess a distinct signature associated with various stimuli. Analyzing electrical signals, particularly the electrome, in conjunction with Machine Learning (ML) techniques has emerged as a promising approach to classify characteristic electrical signals corresponding to each stimulus. This study aimed to characterize the electrome of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cv. BRS-Expedito, subjected to different water availabilities, seeking patterns linked to these stimuli. For this purpose, bean plants in the vegetative stage were subjected to the following treatments: (I) distilled water; (II) half-strength Hoagland's nutrient solution; (III) -2 MPa PEG solution; and (IV) -2 MPa NaCl solution. Electrical signals were recorded within a Faraday's cage using the MP36 electronic system for data acquisition. Concurrently, plant water status was assessed by monitoring leaf turgor variation. Leaf temperature was additionally measured. Various analyses were conducted on the electrical time series data, including arithmetic average of voltage variation, skewness, kurtosis, Probability Density Function (PDF), autocorrelation, Power Spectral Density (PSD), Approximate Entropy (ApEn), Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), and Multiscale Approximate Entropy (ApEn(s)). Statistical analyses were performed on leaf temperature, voltage variation, skewness, kurtosis, PDF µ exponent, autocorrelation, PSD ß exponent, and approximate entropy data. Machine Learning analyses were applied to identify classifiable patterns in the electrical time series. Characterization of the electrome of BRS-Expedito beans revealed stimulus-dependent profiles, even when alterations in water availability stimuli were similar in terms of quality and intensity. Additionally, it was observed that the bean electrome exhibits high levels of complexity, which are altered by different stimuli, with more intense and aversive stimuli leading to drastic reductions in complexity levels. Notably, one of the significant findings was the 100% accuracy of Small Vector Machine in detecting salt stress using electrome data. Furthermore, the study highlighted alterations in the plant electrome under low water potential before observable leaf turgor changes. This work demonstrates the potential use of the electrome as a physiological indicator of the water status in bean plants.


Assuntos
Phaseolus , Água , Folhas de Planta
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5315, 2024 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438439

RESUMO

Salinity poses a significant challenge to global crop productivity, affecting approximately 20% of cultivated and 33% of irrigated farmland, and this issue is on the rise. Negative impact of salinity on plant development and metabolism leads to physiological and morphological alterations mainly due to high ion concentration in tissues and the reduced water and nutrients uptake. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), a staple food crop accounting for a substantial portion of consumed grain legumes worldwide, is highly susceptible to salt stress resulting in noticeable reduction in dry matter gain in roots and shoots even at low salt concentrations. In this study we screened a common bean panel of diversity encompassing 192 homozygous genotypes for salt tolerance at seedling stage. Phenotypic data were leveraged to identify genomic regions involved in salt stress tolerance in the species through GWAS. We detected seven significant associations between shoot dry weight and SNP markers. The candidate genes, in linkage with the regions associated to salt tolerance or harbouring the detected SNP, showed strong homology with genes known to be involved in salt tolerance in Arabidopsis. Our findings provide valuable insights onto the genetic control of salt tolerance in common bean and represent a first contribution to address the challenge of salinity-induced yield losses in this species and poses the ground to eventually breed salt tolerant common bean varieties.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Phaseolus , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Phaseolus/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Melhoramento Vegetal , Verduras
7.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 254, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) has become the food of choice owing to its wealthy nutritional profile, leading to a considerable increase in its cultivation worldwide. However, anthracnose has been a major impediment to production and productivity, as elite bean cultivars are vulnerable to this disease. To overcome barriers in crop production, scientists worldwide are working towards enhancing the genetic diversity of crops. One way to achieve this is by introducing novel genes from related crops, including landraces like KRC 8. This particular landrace, found in the North Western Himalayan region, has shown adult plant resistance against anthracnose and also possesses a recessive resistance gene. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, a population of 179 F2:9 RIL individuals (Jawala × KRC 8) was evaluated at both phenotypic and genotypic levels using over 830 diverse molecular markers to map the resistance gene present in KRC 8. We have successfully mapped a resistance gene to chromosome Pv01 using four SSR markers, namely IAC 238, IAC 235, IAC 259, and BM 146. The marker IAC 238 is closely linked to the gene with a distance of 0.29 cM, while the other markers flank the recessive resistance gene at 10.87 cM (IAC 259), 17.80 cM (BM 146), and 25.22 cM (IAC 235). Previously, a single recessive anthracnose resistance gene (co-8) has been reported in the common bean accession AB 136. However, when we performed PCR amplification with our tightly linked marker IAC 238, we got different amplicons in AB 136 and KRC 8. Interestingly, the susceptible cultivar Jawala produced the same amplicon as AB 136. This observation indicated that the recessive gene present in KRC 8 is different from co-8. As the gene is located far away from the Co-1 locus, we suggest naming the recessive gene co-Indb/co-19. Fine mapping of co-Indb in KRC 8 may provide new insights into the cloning and characterization of this recessive gene so that it can be incorporated into future bean improvement programs. Further, the tightly linked marker IAC 238 can be utilized in marker assisted introgression in future bean breeding programs. CONCLUSION: The novel co-Indb gene present in Himalayan landrace KRC 8, showing adult plant resistance against common bean anthracnose, is independent from all the resistance genes previously located on chromosome Pv01.


Assuntos
Phaseolus , Humanos , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Marcadores Genéticos , Phaseolus/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Genótipo , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Ligação Genética
8.
Science ; 383(6684): 732-739, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359129

RESUMO

Polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) interact with pathogen-derived polygalacturonases to inhibit their virulence-associated plant cell wall-degrading activity but stimulate immunity-inducing oligogalacturonide production. Here we show that interaction between Phaseolus vulgaris PGIP2 (PvPGIP2) and Fusarium phyllophilum polygalacturonase (FpPG) enhances substrate binding, resulting in inhibition of the enzyme activity of FpPG. This interaction promotes FpPG-catalyzed production of long-chain immunoactive oligogalacturonides, while diminishing immunosuppressive short oligogalacturonides. PvPGIP2 binding creates a substrate binding site on PvPGIP2-FpPG, forming a new polygalacturonase with boosted substrate binding activity and altered substrate preference. Structure-based engineering converts a putative PGIP that initially lacks FpPG-binding activity into an effective FpPG-interacting protein. These findings unveil a mechanism for plants to transform pathogen virulence activity into a defense trigger and provide proof of principle for engineering PGIPs with broader specificity.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Phaseolus , Imunidade Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas , Poligalacturonase , Fatores de Virulência , Imunidade Inata , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Poligalacturonase/metabolismo , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo , Fusarium/imunologia , Fusarium/patogenicidade , Phaseolus/imunologia , Phaseolus/microbiologia
10.
Plant Genome ; 17(1): e20388, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317595

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the ridge regression best linear unbiased prediction model across different traits, parent population sizes, and breeding strategies when estimating breeding values in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Genomic selection was implemented to make selections within a breeding cycle and compared across five different breeding strategies (single seed descent, mass selection, pedigree method, modified pedigree method, and bulk breeding) following 10 breeding cycles. The model was trained on a simulated population of recombinant inbreds genotyped for 1010 single nucleotide polymorphism markers including 38 known quantitative trait loci identified in the literature. These QTL included 11 for seed yield, eight for white mold disease incidence, and 19 for days to flowering. Simulation results revealed that realized accuracies fluctuate depending on the factors investigated: trait genetic architecture, breeding strategy, and the number of initial parents used to begin the first breeding cycle. Trait architecture and breeding strategy appeared to have a larger impact on accuracy than the initial number of parents. Generally, maximum accuracies (in terms of the correlation between true and estimated breeding value) were consistently achieved under a mass selection strategy, pedigree method, and single seed descent method depending on the simulation parameters being tested. This study also investigated model updating, which involves retraining the prediction model with a new set of genotypes and phenotypes that have a closer relation to the population being tested. While it has been repeatedly shown that model updating generally improves prediction accuracy, it benefited some breeding strategies more than others. For low heritability traits (e.g., yield), conventional phenotype-based selection methods showed consistent rates of genetic gain, but genetic gain under genomic selection reached a plateau after fewer cycles. This plateauing is likely a cause of faster fixation of alleles and a diminishing of genetic variance when selections are made based on estimated breeding value as opposed to phenotype.


Assuntos
Phaseolus , Phaseolus/genética , Modelos Genéticos , Melhoramento Vegetal , Genômica/métodos , Locos de Características Quantitativas
11.
Plant Genome ; 17(1): e20432, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327143

RESUMO

Changing climatic conditions with rising temperatures and altered precipitation patterns pose significant challenges to agricultural productivity, particularly for common bean crops. Transcription factors (TFs) are crucial regulators that can mitigate the impact of biotic and abiotic stresses on crop production. The MADS-box TFs family has been implicated in various plant physiological processes, including stress-responsive mechanisms. However, their role in common bean and their response to stressful conditions remain poorly understood. Here, we identified 35 MADS-box gene family members in common bean, with conserved MADS-box domains and other functional domains. Gene duplication events were observed, suggesting the significance of duplication in the evolutionary development of gene families. The analysis of promoter regions revealed diverse elements, including stress-responsive elements, indicating their potential involvement in stress responses. Notably, PvMADS31, a member of the PvMADS-box gene family, demonstrated rapid upregulation under various abiotic stress conditions, including NaCl, polyethylene glycol, drought, and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments. Transgenic plants overexpressing PvMADS31 displayed enhanced lateral root development, root elongation, and seed germination under stress conditions. Furthermore, PvMADS31 overexpression in Arabidopsis resulted in improved drought tolerance, likely attributed to the enhanced scavenging of ROS and increased proline accumulation. These findings suggest that PvMADS31 might play a crucial role in modulating seed germination, root development, and stress responses, potentially through its involvement in auxin and ABA signaling pathways. Overall, this study provides valuable insights into the potential roles of PvMADS-box genes in abiotic stress responses in common bean, offering prospects for crop improvement strategies to enhance resilience under changing environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Phaseolus , Arabidopsis/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
12.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0294425, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381734

RESUMO

Generating transgenic hairy roots has been the preferred strategy for molecular studies in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), since generating stable knockout lines in this species is challenging. However, the number of plants producing hairy roots following the original protocol published in 2007 is usually low, which has impeded progress. Since its initial publication, the original protocol has been extensively modified, but these modifications have not been adequately or systematically reported, making it difficult to assess the reproducibility of the method. The protocol presented here is an update and expansion of the original method. Importantly, it includes new, critical steps for generating transgenic hairy roots and using them in molecular analyses based on reverse-genetics approaches. Using this protocol, the expression of two different genes, used as an example, was significantly increased or decreased in approximately 30% of the transformed plants. In addition, the promoter activity of a given gene was observed, and the infection process of rhizobia in transgenic hairy roots was monitored successfully. Thus, this improved protocol can be used to upregulate, downregulate, and perform promoter activity analysis of various genes in common bean transgenic hairy roots as well as to track rhizobia infection.


Assuntos
Phaseolus , Rhizobium , Phaseolus/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Rhizobium/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética
13.
BMC Microbiol ; 24(1): 49, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317090

RESUMO

As antibiotics cannot inhibit multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR), continuous research is mandatory to find other antibacterials from natural resources. Native legume proteins and their modified forms exhibited broad spectra of high antimicrobial activities. Sixteen bacterial isolates were mapped for antibiotic resistance, showing resistance in the range of (58-92%) and (42-92%) in the case of the Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively. White native Phaseolus vulgaris protein (NPP) was isolated from the seeds and methylated (MPP). The MIC range of MPP against 7 MDR bacteria was 10-25 times lower than NPP and could (1 MIC) considerably inhibit their 24 h liquid growth. MPP showed higher antibacterial effectiveness than Gentamycin, the most effective antibiotic against Gram-positive bacteria and the second most effective against Gram-negative bacteria. However, MPP recorded MICs against the seven studied MDR bacteria in the 1-20 µg/mL range, the same for Gentamycin. The combination of Gentamycin and MPP produced synergistic effects against the seven bacteria studied, as confirmed by the Transmission Electron Microscopic images. The antimicrobial activity of MPP against the seven MDR bacteria remained stable after two years of cold storage at 8-10 °C as contrasted to Gentamycin, which lost 20-72% of its antimicrobial effectiveness.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Phaseolus , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Bactérias , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Gentamicinas/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
14.
J Nat Med ; 78(2): 355-369, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38265611

RESUMO

Chemotherapy is still a prevalent strategy for clinical lung cancer treatment. However, the inevitable emerged drug resistance has become a great hurdle to therapeutic effect. Studies have demonstrated that the primary cause of drug resistance is a decrease in the chemotherapeutic medicine concentration. Several lectins have been confirmed to be effective as chemotherapy adjuvants, enhancing the anti-tumor effects of chemotherapy drugs. Here, we combined phytohemagglutinin (PHA), which has been reported possess anti-tumor effects, with chemotherapy drugs Cisplatin (DDP) and Adriamycin (ADM) on lung cancer cells to detect the sensitivities of PHA as a chemotherapy adjuvant. Our results demonstrated that the PHA significantly enhanced the sensitivity of lung cancer cells to DDP and ADM, and Western blot showed that PHA combined with DDP or ADM enhance cytotoxic effects by inhibiting autophagy and promoting apoptosis. More importantly, we found PHA enhanced the chemotherapeutic drugs cytotoxicity by changing the cell membrane to increase the intracellular chemotherapeutic drugs concentration. Besides, the combination of PHA and ADM increased the ADM concentration in the multidrug-resistant strain A549-R cells and achieved the drug sensitization effect. Our results suggest that PHA combined with chemotherapy can be applied in the treatment of lung cancer cells and lung cancer multidrug-resistant strains, and provide a novel strategy for clinical tumor chemotherapy and a new idea to solve the problem of drug resistance in clinical lung cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Phaseolus , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Fito-Hemaglutininas/farmacologia , Fito-Hemaglutininas/metabolismo , Fito-Hemaglutininas/uso terapêutico , Phaseolus/metabolismo , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células
15.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(1)2024 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38275614

RESUMO

Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) was detected on common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) plants showing wrinkled and/or narrow leaves, curling, shrinking and chlorosis of leaves, dwarfing of plants, and mottled pods in Inner Mongolia and named BCMV-22Huhe. Its genome has a size of 10,062 bp and was deposited in GenBank under the accession number OR778613. It is closely related to BCMV-Az (GenBank accession no. KP903372, in China) in the lineage of AzBMV. A recombination event was detected for BCMV-22Huhe among the 99 BCMV isolates published in the NCBI GenBank database, showing that BCMV-CJ25 (MK069986, found in Mexico) was a potential major parent, and the minor parent is unknown. This work is the first description of the occurrence of BCMV in Inner Mongolia, China.


Assuntos
Phaseolus , Potyvirus , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Potyvirus/genética , Phaseolus/genética , China
16.
Nutrients ; 16(2)2024 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38276548

RESUMO

Obesity has been associated with the occurrence and prevalence of various chronic metabolic diseases. The management of obesity has evolved to focus not only on reducing weight, but also on preventing obesity-related complications. Studies have shown that bioactive components in natural products like white kidney bean extract (WKBE), propolis ethanolic extract (PEE), and chromium picolinate (CrPi3) showed anti-obesity properties. However, no studies have examined the outcomes of combining any of these nutraceutical supplements. We compared the effects of HFD supplemented with WKBE, WKBE+PEE, or WKBE+PEE+CrPi3 against control and obese groups using Sprague-Dawley rats fed a 45% high-fat diet as an in vivo model. Nutritional parameters, biochemical parameters, and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease, liver function, kidney function, and gut health were among the comparable effects. Our findings showed that combining the three nutraceutical supplements had a synergetic effect on reducing weight gain, food utilization rate, abdominal fat, serum lipids, arterial and hepatic lipids, risk of cardiovascular disease, and blood glucose level, in addition to improving renal function and gut microbiota. We attributed these effects to the α-amylase inhibitor action of WKBE, flavonoids, and polyphenol content of PEE, which were potentiated with CrPi3 resulting in a further reduction or normalization of certain parameters.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Phaseolus , Própole , Ratos , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Própole/farmacologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Lipídeos
17.
Biomolecules ; 14(1)2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254709

RESUMO

This study identified proteomic changes in the seeds of two tolerant (SB-DT3 and SB-DT2) and two sensitive (Merlot and Stampede) common bean genotypes in response to terminal drought stress. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were abundant in the susceptible genotype compared to the tolerant line. DEPs associated with starch biosynthesis, protein-chromophore linkage, and photosynthesis were identified in both genotypes, while a few DEPs and enriched biological pathways exhibited genotype-specific differences. The tolerant genotypes uniquely showed DEPs related to sugar metabolism and plant signaling, while the sensitive genotypes displayed more DEPs involved in plant-pathogen interaction, proteasome function, and carbohydrate metabolism. DEPs linked with chaperone and signal transduction were significantly altered between both genotypes. In summary, our proteomic analysis revealed both conserved and genotype-specific DEPs that could be used as targets in selective breeding and developing drought-tolerant common bean genotypes.


Assuntos
Phaseolus , Phaseolus/genética , Secas , Proteômica , Sementes/genética , Genótipo
18.
Food Chem ; 443: 138526, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38290298

RESUMO

The construction of protein-based nano-gels as curcumin delivery system effectively enhances the stability and bioavailability of curcumin. In this study, acylation modification and self-assembly techniques were jointly employed to construct acylated kidney bean protein isolate (AKBPI)-nanogels. Optimal conditions for AKBPI-nanogels were determined to be pH 7, concentration of 2 mg/mL, and temperature at 90℃ for 30 min. The optimized AKBPI-nanogels exhibited excellent uniformity as evidenced by decreasing average particle size (137.35 nm) and polydispersity index (0.38). Acylation enhanced the intermolecular interactions within the nanogel by reducing the polarity of tyrosine microenvironment and free sulfhydryl groups. AKBPI-nanogels demonstrated remarkable characteristics in terms of pH sensitivity, salt concentration, and storage tolerance. The curcumin-loaded AKBPI-nanogels exhibited an encapsulation efficiency of 92.30 % and maintained high antioxidant activity. In simulated gastrointestinal digestion, AKBPI-nanogels facilitated the controlled release and higher bioavailability of curcumin. Therefore, AKBPI-nanogels can be a stable tool for delivering curcumin.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Phaseolus , Nanogéis , Curcumina/química , Géis , Temperatura , Portadores de Fármacos/química
19.
Curr Biol ; 34(3): 557-567.e4, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38232731

RESUMO

The effect of plant domestication on plant-microbe interactions remains difficult to prove. In this study, we provide evidence of a domestication effect on the composition and abundance of the plant microbiota. We focused on the genus Phaseolus, which underwent four independent domestication events within two species (P. vulgaris and P. lunatus), providing multiple replicates of a process spanning thousands of years. We targeted Phaseolus seeds to identify a link between domesticated traits and bacterial community composition as Phaseolus seeds have been subject to large and consistent phenotypic changes during these independent domestication events. The seed bacterial communities of representative plant accessions from subpopulations descended from each domestication event were analyzed under controlled and field conditions. The results showed that independent domestication events led to similar seed bacterial community signatures in independently domesticated plant populations, which could be partially explained by selection for common domesticated plant phenotypes. Our results therefore provide evidence of a consistent effect of plant domestication on seed microbial community composition and abundance and offer avenues for applying knowledge of the impact of plant domestication on the plant microbiota to improve microbial applications in agriculture.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Phaseolus , Domesticação , Fenótipo , Agricultura , Phaseolus/genética , Sementes/genética
20.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 95, 2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38262915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evolutionarily conserved in plants, the enzyme D-myo-inositol-3-phosphate synthase (MIPS; EC 5.5.1.4) regulates the initial, rate-limiting reaction in the phytic acid biosynthetic pathway. They are reported to be transcriptional regulators involved in various physiological functions in the plants, growth, and biotic/abiotic stress responses. Even though the genomes of most legumes are fully sequenced and available, an all-inclusive study of the MIPS family members in legumes is still ongoing. RESULTS: We found 24 MIPS genes in ten legumes: Arachis hypogea, Cicer arietinum, Cajanus cajan, Glycine max, Lablab purpureus, Medicago truncatula, Pisum sativum, Phaseolus vulgaris, Trifolium pratense and Vigna unguiculata. The total number of MIPS genes found in each species ranged from two to three. The MIPS genes were classified into five clades based on their evolutionary relationships with Arabidopsis genes. The structural patterns of intron/exon and the protein motifs that were conserved in each gene were highly group-specific. In legumes, MIPS genes were inconsistently distributed across their genomes. A comparison of genomes and gene sequences showed that this family was subjected to purifying selection and the gene expansion in MIPS family in legumes was mainly caused by segmental duplication. Through quantitative PCR, expression patterns of MIPS in response to various abiotic stresses, in the vegetative tissues of various legumes were studied. Expression pattern shows that MIPS genes control the development and differentiation of various organs, and have significant responses to salinity and drought stress. CONCLUSION: The MIPS genes in the genomes of legumes have been identified, characterized and their expression was analysed. The findings pave way for understanding their molecular functions and evolution, and lead to identify the putative MIPS genes associated with different cell and tissue development.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Cajanus , Cicer , Phaseolus , Verduras
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