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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 13(35): 8312-8318, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36040023

RESUMO

The pyronin class of fluorophores serves a critical role in numerous imaging applications, particularly involving preferential staining of RNA through base pair intercalation. Despite this important role in molecular staining applications, the same set of century-old pyronins (i.e., pyronin Y (PY) and pyronin B (PB)), which possess relatively low fluorophore brightness, are still predominantly being used due to the lack of methodology for generating enhanced variants. Here, we use TD-DFT calculations of interconversion energies between structures on the S1 surface as a preliminary means to evaluate fluorophore brightness for a proposed set of pyronins containing variable substitution patterns at the 2, 3, 6, and 7 positions. Using a nucleophilic aromatic substitution/hydride addition approach, we synthesized the same set of pyronins and demonstrate that quantum-mechanical computations are useful for predicting fluorophore performance. We produced the brightest series of pyronin fluorophores described to date, which possess considerable gains over PY and PB.


Assuntos
Pironina , RNA , Corantes Fluorescentes , Estrutura Molecular , Pironina/química , Coloração e Rotulagem
2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(56): 7797-7800, 2022 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35735141

RESUMO

Type I photodynamic therapy (PDT) with less oxygen consumption shows great potential to overcome the malignant hypoxia in solid tumors. Herein, a novel meso phosphate-substituted pyronin PY-P and its nanoparticles (PY-P NPs) were prepared as an efficient type I organic photosensitizer. The in vivo data prove that PY-P NPs have outstanding low dark toxicity but high photocytotoxicity under hypoxia (<1% O2).


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Fotoquimioterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Hipóxia , Fosfatos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Pironina
3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4518, 2021 07 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312393

RESUMO

Multiplexed optical imaging provides holistic visualization on a vast number of molecular targets, which has become increasingly essential for understanding complex biological processes and interactions. Vibrational microscopy has great potential owing to the sharp linewidth of vibrational spectra. In 2017, we demonstrated the coupling between electronic pre-resonant stimulated Raman scattering (epr-SRS) microscopy with a proposed library of 9-cyanopyronin-based dyes, named Manhattan Raman Scattering (MARS). Herein, we develop robust synthetic methodology to build MARS probes with different core atoms, expansion ring numbers, and stable isotope substitutions. We discover a predictive model to correlate their vibrational frequencies with structures, which guides rational design of MARS dyes with desirable Raman shifts. An expanded library of MARS probes with diverse functionalities is constructed. When coupled with epr-SRS microscopy, these MARS probes allow us to demonstrate not only many versatile labeling modalities but also increased multiplexing capacity. Hence, this work opens up next-generation vibrational imaging with greater utilities.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , Sondas Moleculares/química , Microscopia Óptica não Linear/métodos , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Pironina/química , Corantes/síntese química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Modelos Químicos , Sondas Moleculares/síntese química , Estrutura Molecular , Pironina/análogos & derivados , Pironina/síntese química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Vibração
4.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 58(1): 106360, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacterial spores are an important consideration in healthcare decontamination, with cross-contamination highlighted as a major route of transmission due to their persistent nature. Their containment is extremely difficult due to the toxicity and cost of first-line sporicides. METHODS: Susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli to phenothiazinium photosensitizers and cationic surfactants under white- or red-light irradiation was assessed by determination of minimum inhibitory concentrations, minimum bactericidal concentrations and time-kill assays. B. subtilis spore eradication was assessed via time-kill assays, with and without nutrient and non-nutrient germinant supplementation of photosensitizer, surfactant and photosensitizer-surfactant solutions in the presence and absence of light. RESULTS: Under red-light irradiation, >5-log10 colony-forming units/mL reduction of vegetative bacteria was achieved within 10 min with toluidine blue O (TBO) and methylene blue (MB). Cationic surfactant addition did not significantly enhance spore eradication by photosensitizers (P>0.05). However, addition of a nutrient germinant mixture to TBO achieved a 6-log10 reduction after 20 min of irradiation, while providing 1-2 log10 improvement in spore eradication for MB and pyronin Y. CONCLUSIONS: Light-activated photosensitizer solutions in the presence of surfactants and germination-promoting agents provide a highly effective method to eradicate dormant and vegetative bacteria. These solutions could provide a useful alternative to traditional chemical agents used for high-level decontamination and infection control within health care.


Assuntos
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Equipamentos e Provisões/microbiologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Esporos Bacterianos/efeitos dos fármacos , Esterilização/métodos , Tensoativos/farmacologia , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Luz , Azul de Metileno/farmacologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pironina/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloreto de Tolônio/farmacologia
5.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2267: 165-179, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786791

RESUMO

In this chapter, four methods are described that can be used to assess cell cycle status in flow cytometry. The first method is based on the simultaneous analysis of cellular DNA content using a fluorescent DNA dye (propidium iodide) and of a nuclear proliferation marker (Ki-67). The second is based on the differential staining of DNA and RNA using Hoechst 33342 and Pyronin Y: this method is particularly useful to distinguish quiescent cells in G0 phase from G1 cells. Finally, two methods are described based on DNA incorporation of the synthetic nucleosides BrdU and EdU.


Assuntos
Ciclo Celular , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Animais , Benzimidazóis/química , Bromodesoxiuridina/química , Linhagem Celular , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Pironina/química
6.
Anal Chem ; 93(3): 1786-1791, 2021 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373187

RESUMO

The lysosomes of cancer cells have lower pH and higher viscosity than those of normal cells. These features can be used as sensitive and selective markers for cancer diagnosis. In this work, a pH and viscosity dual responsive lysosome targeting fluorescent probe 1 was designed based on the transformation of amino- and imino- forms of pyronine and the twisted intramolecular charge shuttle (TICS) sensing mechanism. Live cancer cells and tumors were effectively distinguished from normal cells and organs through fluorescence imaging of probe 1, which indicated that probe 1 could serve as an effective tool for visualization of tumors at organ level with high selectivity.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Lisossomos/química , Imagem Óptica , Pironina/química , Células 3T3 , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pironina/análogos & derivados , Pironina/síntese química , Viscosidade
7.
Anal Chem ; 92(9): 6358-6365, 2020 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32250102

RESUMO

The novel 3D microfluidic concept of "lab-on-hollow fiber membrane (HFM)" was presented for multifunctional and rapid biological assays, integrating sample size sieving and colorimetric quantification in an HFM. Herein, microporous HFMs with a gradient pore size and high hydrophilic flux were used as microfluidic device substrates. The membrane pores selectively trapped macromolecules within the inner surface, while allowing free diffusion of smaller molecules, including glucose and protein. The microfluidic flow rate in HFM closely followed the Lucas-Washburn and Laplace's models, indicating that the microfluidics facilitated the upward flow of the fluid by microcapillary action without external pumping. Subsequently, for sensing of different biomolecules, a highly sensitive fluorescent or optical chromogenic reagent was immobilized in HFM by an electrostatic interaction. Pyronin G fluorescence reagent was quenched by blood glucose, and the quenching efficiency showed a good linear correlation with glucose concentration (1-22 mM, R2 = 0.997). Moreover, this sensing platform was then further applied for the analysis of urine protein or glucose in the visible spectrum, with a wide testing range. Compared to traditional 2D flat membrane devices, this 3D-HFM microfluidic device exhibited excellent sensing versatility and color rendering uniformity with enhanced sensitivity. Target molecules screening, conditioning, enzymatic recognition, and signal readout of biomolecules have all been implemented on this device, which has paved the way to highly sensitive assays on point-of-care testing (POCT).


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Testes Imediatos , Colorimetria , Humanos , Tamanho da Partícula , Porosidade , Pironina/química , Propriedades de Superfície
8.
Org Lett ; 22(2): 381-385, 2020 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825225

RESUMO

A synthesis of the carbopyronine dye Carboxy ATTO 647N from simple materials is reported. This route proceeds in 11 forward steps from 3-bromoaniline with the key xanthone intermediate formed using a new oxidation methodology. The step utilizes an oxidation cycle with base, water, iodine, and more than doubles the yield of the standard permanganate oxidation methodology, accessing gram-scale quantities of this late-stage product. From this, Carboxy ATTO 647N was prepared in only four additional steps. This facile route to a complex fluorophore is expected to enable further studies in fluorescence imaging.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Pironina/síntese química , Xantonas/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução , Pironina/química
9.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(40): 6181-6186, 2019 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560350

RESUMO

Although strategies based on π-conjugation expansion and one-atom replacement have routinely been used to extend the emission wavelengths of rhodamine dyes from the visible region to the biologically more favorable red to near-infrared (NIR) region, the strategy of introducing electron-withdrawing groups to the meso-position of pyronin dyes for the same goal is still in its infant phase. In this work, we present a benzothiazole-functionalized pyronin dye BTP as a red-emission fluorescent dye platform for bioimaging applications. Due to the electron-withdrawing nature of the meso-substituted benzothiazole unit, BTP exhibited a large red-shift in absorption and emission wavelengths compared to classic rhodamines. Interestingly, BTP could not only behave like a molecular rotor to fluorescently respond to viscosity changes, but also specifically target lysosomes and light up them assisted by a lysosomal viscous microenvironment. Furthermore, based on the BTP platform, we developed its "dihydro" derivative, i.e., HBTP, and evaluated its sensing performance to reactive oxygen species (ROS). The obtained results showed that HBTP is a highly selective fluorescent probe for sensing endogenous peroxynitrite (ONOO-) with quite rapid fluorescence off-on response and high sensitivity. It is greatly expected that the present study could stimulate research interest in exploiting various rhodamine-inspired fluorescent dyes or probes for bioimaging applications.


Assuntos
Benzotiazóis/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Lisossomos/química , Pironina/química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Viscosidade
10.
Anal Chem ; 91(16): 10779-10785, 2019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347826

RESUMO

Bisulfite (HSO3-), which equilibrates with sulfite (SO32-) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) in aqueous media, can be produced endogenously during oxidation of hydrogen sulfide or sulfur-containing amino acids. Lysosomes, known as the scavengers of living cells, play a crucial role in the metabolic process, and bisulfite is often produced inside the lysosomes. Therefore, detection of bisulfite in lysosomes is a subject of significant interest. Herein, we disclose a lysosome-targeting, two-photon excitable, and ratiometric signaling (near-infrared/green) fluorescent probe that detects bisulfite through a fast 1,6-conjugate addition reaction. The probe shows excellent selectivity toward bisulfite over other biologically relevant species. Notably, the probe allows ratiometric fluorescence imaging of lysosomal bisulfite with complete spectral separation under one-photon as well as two-photon excitation conditions.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Óptica , Fótons , Pironina/química , Sulfitos/análise , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes Fluorescentes/farmacologia , Células HeLa , Humanos , Lisossomos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Pironina/análogos & derivados , Pironina/farmacologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
11.
Acta Cytol ; 63(5): 401-410, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral exfoliative cytology is a noninvasive and nonpainful technique for early diagnosis of oral potentially malignant disorders and oral cancer, and the use of cytomorphometry ameliorates its diagnostic reliability. The objective of the present study was to analyze methyl green-pyronin Y (MGP)-stained oral exfoliated cells (OECs) of oral leukoplakia (OL) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) by cytomorphometry. MATERIALS AND METHOD: An observational study was conducted on 150 individuals equally divided into three groups: normal mucosa, OL, and OSCC. Smears were prepared from OECs and stained with MGP. Cytomorphometry was done for 100 cells per subject, and various cell and nuclear parameters were measured and calculated. RESULTS: The Kruskal-Wallis test with post hoc correlation showed significant differences in nucleus and cell diameter (ND, CD), nucleus and cell area (NA, CA), nucleus and cell perimeter (NP, CP), and nucleus to cytoplasmic (N:C) ratio for diameter, perimeter, and area. Spearman's ρ correlation of various N:C ratio methods showed good correlation between N:C perimeter and diameter ratio, N:C diameter and ellipse ratio, and N:C area and ellipse ratio. Additional morphological factors showed significant relations for both cell and nuclear regularity factor, shape factor, and nuclear contour index. DISCUSSION: MGP-based cytomorphometry showed a significant decrease in CD, CA, and CP and increase in ND, NA, NP, and N:C ratio from normal mucosa to OL and OSCC. MGP proved its worth as an effective stain for OECs, despite its strict standardization.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , Citodiagnóstico/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Leucoplasia Oral/patologia , Verde de Metila/química , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Pironina/química , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , não Fumantes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fumantes , Manejo de Espécimes
12.
Luminescence ; 34(4): 415-425, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868727

RESUMO

In this study, photophysics and photodynamical properties of Pyronin Y (PyY) in different liquid media were investigated. Interactions of PyY, which is a positively charged pigment compound pertaining to the xanthene derivatives with surfactants possessing distinct charges, were determined by using the molecular absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy techniques. It was observed that band intensities of absorption and fluorescence spectra belonging to PyY increase in proportion to the water when compared to three micelle systems, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and Triton X-100 (TX-100). This suggests that interactions in micelle systems are different from those in deionized water, and solvation and surface interactions modify. It is determined that the strongest interaction occurs between PyY dye and SDS, anionic surfactant, and this interaction arises from the electrostatic forces. Calculated photophysical parameters indicated that the microenvironment of PyY in SDS micelle is different to that of other systems. In temperature studies, it was reported that increasing the temperature of the samples increased non-radiative transitions. Steady-state fluorescence anisotropy values were calculated by using fluorescence intensities of PyY compound in pre-micellar, micellar and post-micellar systems. Once the PyY fluorescence probe is added to the surfactant containing solutions below the critical micelle concentrations, the measured anisotropy values were found to be low because the probe remains in the deionized water phase. When the surfactant concentration of the medium becomes closer to the critical micelle concentrations, the steady-state anisotropy value prominently increases. This is because of the restrictions on the rotational diffusion of the probe in micellar solution. It is observed that positively charged PyY shows a higher affinity to the negatively charged SDS compared with the positively charged CTAB and neutral TX-100 surfactants. This can be explained by Coulombic interactions.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Pironina/química , Temperatura , Anisotropia , Fluorescência , Micelas , Estrutura Molecular , Processos Fotoquímicos , Tensoativos/química
13.
Anal Chem ; 91(5): 3533-3538, 2019 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712342

RESUMO

Strategies for simultaneous detection and detoxification of Hg2+ using a single sensor from biological and environmental samples are limited and have not been realized in living organisms so far. We report a highly selective, small molecule "turn-on" fluorescent sensor, PYDMSA, based on the cationic dye Pyronin Y (PY) and chelating agent meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) for the simultaneous detection and detoxification of inorganic mercury (Hg2+). After Hg2+ detection, concomitant detoxification was carried out with sufficient efficacy in living samples, which makes the sensor unique. PYDMSA exhibits high selectivity for Hg2+ over other competing metal ions with an experimental detection limit of ∼300 pM in aqueous buffer solution. When PYDMSA reacts with Hg2+, the CS-C9 bond in the sensor gets cleaved. This results in the "turn-on" response of the fluorescence probe with a concomitant release of one equivalent of water-soluble Hg2+-DMSA complex which leads to a synchronous detoxifying effect. The sensor by itself is nontoxic to cells in culture and has been used to monitor the real-time uptake of Hg2+ in live cells and zebrafish larvae. Thus, PYDMSA is a unique sensor which can be used to detect and detoxify mercury at the same time in living samples.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Mercúrio/análise , Pironina/química , Succímero/química , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Embrião não Mamífero , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Peixe-Zebra
14.
Luminescence ; 33(8): 1394-1400, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403000

RESUMO

The photophysical properties and photodynamics of Pyronin Y (PyY) dye compound in seven polar protic solvents (n-alcohols) were examined as a function of temperature by using UV-visible, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy techniques. To understand dye-solvent interactions, photophysical parameters including Stokes' shifts, fluorescence quantum yields and fluorescence lifetimes were determined. To examine the effect of solvent polarity, the difference between the ground state dipole moment and the excited state dipole moment was determined. For this purpose, the multiple regression analysis and the Kamlet-Taft technique were used. Moreover, photodynamic parameters, rotational relaxation times and steady-state anisotropy were calculated. The result showed that the specific interactions of PyY with the solvent molecules take place through hydrogen bonding. As the hydrocarbon chain of the alcohols gets longer, photophysical parameters diminish, probably because of weaker hydrogen bonding. Furthermore, it was found out that the dipole moment of excited states (µe ) is higher than that of the ground state (µg ). In addition, Brownian motions increased with the increasing temperature that weakened the fluorescence character of PyY. It was also revealed that the rotation of PyY increased with a prolonged hydrocarbon chain of alcohol series, due to the lesser extent of hydrogen bonding.


Assuntos
Álcoois/química , Pironina/química , Fluorescência , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Estrutura Molecular , Processos Fotoquímicos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
15.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1686: 49-57, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29030811

RESUMO

Hoechst 33342 and Pyronin Y double staining can be used to measure DNA and RNA content in live cells by flow cytometry. Quiescent cells at G0 phase have the same amount of DNA as cells at G1 phase but lower RNA levels compared to proliferating cells. Therefore, resting cells in G0 phase can be distinguished from proliferating cells in G1, S, and G2 M phases. This chapter describes a protocol for double staining of live cells with Hoechst 33342 and Pyronin Y. Combined with immunophenotyping of intact and live cells Hoechst 33342 and Pyronin Y staining is a powerful noninvasive method for the analysis and isolation of quiescent cells from any defined cell population.


Assuntos
Benzimidazóis/química , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Pironina/química , Fase de Repouso do Ciclo Celular , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Humanos
16.
Tissue Cell ; 49(6): 751-755, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29122297

RESUMO

Cytomorphological and cytochemical staining are important methods for the identification of cell types, in particular in fish which often lack biological tools such as specific antibodies. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is usually used as an intracellular marker of neutrophil accumulation in tissues and a marker of neutrophil activity in plasma. In this study, we reported a potassium iodide and oxidized pyronine Y (KI-PyY) staining method for rapid and highly sensitive detection of MPO-positive cells in turbot blood, peritoneum, and tissues. MPO-positive cells, which mostly represented neutrophils, were stained brown and clearly distinguished from other cells, such as lymphocytes, monocytes, and macrophages, which were stained pink. Following bacterial stimulation, the proportions of neutrophils were 27.49% and 38.05% in peripheral blood leukocytes and peritoneum, respectively, judging by the stained MPO. Kidney granulocytes contained abundant MPO-positive cells which were probably immature neutrophils with low expression of MPO. It is noteworthy that MPO-positive cells were detected in the tissue sections of kidney, spleen, and gut, with distribution profiles specific to each tissue. However, the cell morphology was not distinct in the stained tissue sections. These results indicate that the KI-PyY staining method is highly sensitive, applicable to different types of samples, and will be useful for the study of neutrophils in different compartments of fish.


Assuntos
Linguados/imunologia , Neutrófilos , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Animais , Granulócitos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Peroxidase , Iodeto de Potássio , Pironina
17.
Org Biomol Chem ; 15(39): 8402-8409, 2017 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28951913

RESUMO

The OFF-ON and ON-OFF type pH probes based on rosamine were designed by using the relative electron densities between pyronine and various linked heterocycles. Probe 1a with an indole-pyronine skeleton gave an OFF-ON pH response (pKa = 1.41) with decreasing pH, and the relative fluorescence intensity increased 15-fold, while probe 1b with an imidazole-pyronine skeleton did not give an ON-OFF response to different pH values. When pyronine was connected with a quinolinyl group, i.e., probes 1c-d, the red emission (around 575-800 nm) gave a monotonous ON-OFF pH response (pKa = 3.26 and 2.62, respectively) with decreasing pH. The relative fluorescence intensities decreased 263- and 46-fold, respectively. Changes in the electron donating abilities of the nitrogen containing heterocycles were used to explain variations in PET processes within the probes, and their pH-dependent PET mechanisms were verified using time-dependent density functional theory calculations. Confocal fluorescence imaging was also used to evaluate the potential biomedical application of probes 1a-d. Ultimately, probe 1d with an appropriate pKa value and good biocompatibility showed lysosome targeting ability.


Assuntos
Processos Fotoquímicos , Pironina/química , Desenho de Fármacos , Transporte de Elétrons , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Indóis/química , Imagem Óptica
18.
Org Biomol Chem ; 15(12): 2575-2584, 2017 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28266675

RESUMO

We report a reaction-based strategy for the fluorogenic detection of protease activity. Based on the "covalent-assembly" probe design principle recently put forward by the Yang group for detection of Sarin related threats (J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 136, 6594-6597), we have designed two unusual non-fluorescent caged precursors (mixed bis-aryl ethers) which are readily converted into a fluorescent unsymmetrical pyronin dye through a domino cyclisation-aromatisation reaction triggered by penicillin G acylase (PGA) or leucine aminopeptidase (LAP). Fluorescence-based in vitro assays and HPLC-fluorescence/-MS analyses support the claimed activation mechanism whose the further implementation to "smart" imaging agents for the study of protease function in vivo is expected.


Assuntos
Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Peptídeo Hidrolases/análise , Pironina/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas , Estrutura Molecular , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Pironina/síntese química
19.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 35(1): 8-16, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26646531

RESUMO

The interaction of Pyronin Y with human serum albumin (HSA) has been investigated systematically by fluorescence, absorption, fluorescence decay lifetime measurements, FTIR, synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, and molecular modeling method. The spectroscopic and fluorescence quenching experiments show that Pyronin Y may show a static quenching mechanism with HSA. The specific binding distance of 1.96 nm between HSA and Pyronin Y was obtained via Förster non-radiation energy transfer method. The thermodynamic parameters indicate that the electrostatic interactions play a significant role during the binding process. In addition, synchronous fluorescence and FT-IR spectra indicated that the conformation and microenvironment of HSA were not influenced with the addition of Pyronin Y. The obtained results can be of biological significance in photodynamic therapy.


Assuntos
Pironina/química , Albumina Sérica/química , Análise Espectral , Sítios de Ligação , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Pironina/metabolismo , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Termodinâmica
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27060414

RESUMO

More and more attention has been paid to the design of new fluorescent imaging agents with good photostability and water solubility, especially those with emissions in the deep-red and near-infrared regions. In this work, we designed and synthesized four novel fluorescent dyes with deep-red or NIR fluorescence by hybridizing coumarin and pyronin moieties based on our previous work. Introduction of carboxylic acid in the dyes not only imparted the dyes with water solubility but also provided a versatile sensing platform for designing the fluorescent probes and sensors of biomolecules. The photophysical properties of these new dyes were investigated through absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy. Cell imaging experiments showed that esterification products could selectively stain lysosomes with good photostability, thereby indicating that they could be useful in the development of fluorescent probes for bioimaging.


Assuntos
Cumarínicos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Pironina/química , Cumarínicos/síntese química , Esterificação , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Células HeLa , Humanos , Lisossomos/ultraestrutura , Fotólise , Pironina/síntese química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
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