Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.357
Filtrar
1.
Int J Prosthodont ; 37(7): 151-158, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498866

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigated the impact of reducing the oxygen concentration via nitrogen injection during the postcuring process of 3D-printed dental materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Resin specimens for dental crown and bridge (15-mm diameter, both 1-mm and 2-mm heights) were 3D-printed and rinsed. Subsequently, the postcuring process was conducted on nine groups categorized according to atmospheric conditions within the curing device (20% [control], 10%, and 5% oxygen) and curing times (10, 15, and 20 minutes). Surface roughness was measured using a gloss meter. Surface polymerization was confirmed through Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis, and the flexural strength and elastic modulus of the specimens were measured using a universal testing machine. Water absorption and solubility were determined according to Inernational Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards. All evaluation criteria were statistically analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test based on oxygen concentration. RESULTS: The elastic modulus did not show statistically significant differences in all groups. However, compared to the control group, the flexural strength, degree of conversion, and gloss significantly increased in the groups with decreased oxygen concentrations. Conversely, water solubility and water absorption significantly decreased in a few groups with reduced oxygen concentration. CONCLUSIONS: Reducing oxygen concentration through nitrogen injection during the postcuring process of 3D printing enhances the suitability of the dental prosthetic materials. The significant increase in flexural strength can particularly enhance the utility of these materials in dental prosthetics.


Assuntos
Impressão Tridimensional , Água , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Teste de Materiais , Maleabilidade , Água/química , Nitrogênio , Resinas Sintéticas , Propriedades de Superfície
2.
J Chem Inf Model ; 64(5): 1682-1690, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417111

RESUMO

Epitranscriptomic mRNA modifications affect gene expression, with their altered balance detected in various cancers. YTHDF proteins contain the YTH reader domain recognizing the m6A mark on mRNA and represent valuable drug targets. Crystallographic structures have been determined for all three family members; however, discrepancies are present in the organization of the m6A-binding pocket. Here, we present new crystallographic structures of the YTH domain of YTHDF1, accompanied by computational studies, showing that this domain can exist in different stable conformations separated by a significant energetic barrier. During the transition, additional conformations are explored, with peculiar druggable pockets appearing and offering new opportunities for the design of YTH-interfering small molecules.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/química , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Maleabilidade , RNA Mensageiro/química , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Conformação Molecular
3.
Multimedia | Recursos Multimídia, MULTIMEDIA-SMS-SP | ID: multimedia-12898

RESUMO

A prática do Tai Chi Pai Lin é benéfica tanto para a saúde do corpo quanto para a mente.


Assuntos
Movimento , Natureza , Maleabilidade
4.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 45(4): e2300563, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37985954

RESUMO

This study aims at evaluating and developing an environmental-friendly and sulfur-free cured ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) composites. Silane grafted EPDM (SiEPDM) composites incorporated with silica is prepared via a solvent-free, one-step reactive mixing process. The silane grafting and silica filler bonding are characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The mechanical properties of the developed composites are examined. The fracture morphology is observed using an environmental scanning electron microscopy. The rheology and thermomechanical properties are evaluated by using a rotational rheometer and dynamic mechanical analyzer. Notably, a robust bonding between silica and the grafted silane is established, yielding a crosslinking network within the composite structure. This phenomenon is substantiated by the observed gel efficiency and rheology behavior. Consequently, a pronounced augmentation of up to 75% in tensile strength and 29% in tear strength are observed in the optimized SiEPDM-silica composites, distinguishing them from their EPDM-silica counterparts. The introduction of paraffin oil contributes to enhanced processability; however, it is concomitant with a reduction in gel efficiency and associated mechanical properties. Furthermore, subsequent UV weathering test unveils that the SiEPDM-silica composites exhibit the highest levels of residual tensile strength and modulus, indicative of their exceptional UV stability.


Assuntos
Elastômeros , Metacrilatos , Silanos , Metacrilatos/química , Silanos/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Maleabilidade , Teste de Materiais , Etilenos
5.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 150: 106308, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38113822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present investigation is aimed at evaluating the effect of styrene butadiene rubber, glass fibre, nylon fibre and hybrid reinforcement of glass and nylon fibre with 0.5 and 1.0 wt% on the impact, flexural, and compressive properties. METHODS: A total of 19 groups were formed, including one control group and 18 study groups. All specimens were fabricated according to the standards and tests were performed. The enhancement of strengths were characterised by using scanning electron micrographs, FTIR results, XRD, and DMA tests. The degradability was studied using TGA/DTA analysis. The results were analysed using one-way ANOVA and Dunnett's post hoc multiple comparison test at p ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: The maximum impact, flexural, and compressive strength were found to be 3.234 ± 0.202 kJ/m2, 70.07 ± 0.7 MPa, and 84.929 ± 0.85 MPa for hybrid reinforcement of 0.5 wt% nylon fiber and 0.5 wt% glass fiber with 1.0 wt% of styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) mixed PMMA denture base material. Statistical analysis shows that the maximum mean impact strength, flexural strength, and compressive strength are about 84%, 58%, and 67% higher than the pure PMMA (control group). The maximum flexural modulus and compressive modulus are 914.4 MPa and 407.847 MPa for denture base material made of 1.0 wt% SBR, 1.0 wt% nylon fiber, 0.5 wt% glass fiber, and 0.5 wt% SBR, 0.5 wt% nylon fiber, respectively. The storage moduli of 1.0 wt% SBR, 1.0 wt% nylon fiber, and 0.5 wt% glass fiber-reinforced denture base material and pure PMMA are 0.096 and 0.422 at 79 °C, respectively, which indicates significant crosslinking of fiber and PMMA. The failure surfaces are characterized by a homogeneous distribution of fiber with increased surface roughness and fiber pullout, strong bonding, and well-dispersed SBR.


Assuntos
Nylons , Polimetil Metacrilato , Borracha , Bases de Dentadura , Butadienos , Teste de Materiais , Maleabilidade , Vidro
6.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 149: 106235, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37976995

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of firing temperature and heating rate on the volumetric shrinkage, translucency, flexural strength, hardness, and fracture toughness of a zirconia veneering ceramic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Zirconia veneering ceramic specimens (N = 45) with varying final temperatures (730 °C, 750 °C, and 770 °C) and heating rates (70 °C/min, 55 °C/min, and 40 °C/min) were fabricated (n = 5). Each specimen's shrinkage, translucency, flexural strength, hardness, and fracture toughness were determined. Two-way analysis of variance, Scheffé test, and Pearson's correlation analysis were used to evaluate data (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The shrinkage (44.9 ± 3.1-47.5 ± 1.6 vol%) and flexural strength (74.1 ± 17.4-107.0 ± 27.1 MPa) were not affected by tested parameters (P ≥ 0.288). The interaction between the main factors affected the translucency, hardness, and fracture toughness of the specimens (P ≤ 0.007). Specimens with 770 °C final temperature and 70 °C/min heating rate had the lowest (21.8 ± 3.2 %) translucency (P ≤ 0.039). The hardness ranged between 4.98 ± 0.51 GPa (730 °C; 70 °C/min) and 5.60 ± 0.37 GPa (770 °C; 70 °C/min). Fracture toughness ranged between 0.54 ± 0.04 MPa√m and 0.67 ± 0.08 MPa√m with the highest values for specimens fired at 730 °C with 70 °C/min (P ≤ 0.001). There was a positive correlation between translucency and hardness (r = 0.335, P = 0.012), and a negative correlation between fracture toughness and all parameters other than shrinkage (translucency: r = -0.693/P < 0.001, flexural strength: r = -0.258/P = 0.046, hardness: r = -0.457/P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Heating rate and final temperature should be considered while fabricating veneered zirconia restorations with tested ceramic as they affected the translucency, hardness, and fracture toughness.


Assuntos
Calefação , Zircônio , Temperatura , Teste de Materiais , Maleabilidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Cerâmica , Porcelana Dentária
7.
Dent Mater ; 39(10): 886-893, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37591708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Currently used thiourea-based two-component dental materials may release bitter compounds if they are not properly cured. To address this issue, the objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of acylthiourea oligomers as reducing agents for the development of self-cure composites. METHODS: Acylthiourea oligomers ATUO1-3 were synthesized via cotelomerization of the acylthiourea methacrylate ATU1 with butyl methacrylate. They were characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography. Self-cure composites based on the redox initiator system cumene hydroperoxide/acylthiourea oligomer/copper(II) acetylacetonate were formulated. The flexural strength and modulus were measured using a three-point bending setup. The double bond conversions were determined using NIR spectroscopy. The working time of each self-cure composite was measured using an oscillating rheometer. Leaching experiments using light-cure composites were performed in DMSO-d6. RESULTS: Acylthiourea oligomers ATUO1-3 were successfully synthesized in good yields. Both the oligomer molecular weight and the amount of thiourea groups were varied. Self-cure composites containing ATUO1 or ATUO2 as reducing agents exhibited excellent mechanical properties and high double-bond conversions. The amounts of reducing agent, cumene hydroperoxide and copper(II) acetylacetonate were shown to have a significant impact on the working time. Moreover, a correlation between flexural modulus and the amount of metal salt was clearly established. Self-cure composites containing the oligomer ATUO1 exhibited a longer working time than materials containing ATU1 or acetylthiourea. Contrary to acetylthiourea, ATUO1 was not able to leach out of light-cured composites. SIGNIFICANCE: Acylthiourea oligomers are promising reducing agents for the formulation of two-component dental materials that do not induce a bitter taste in mouth.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Substâncias Redutoras , Resinas Compostas/química , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Tioureia , Materiais Dentários/química , Maleabilidade , Bis-Fenol A-Glicidil Metacrilato/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química
8.
Dent Mater ; 39(10): 863-871, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37550139

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the current work was to develop dental acrylic-based composites with protein-repellent and antibacterial properties by using surface-modified silica nanoparticles. The effects of surface modification of silica nanoparticles in protein-repellent and antibacterial activity and mechanical properties of dental composites including flexural strength, flexural modulus, and hardness were discussed. METHODS: The surface of silica nanoparticles was first chemically treated with 3-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPS) as a coupling agent and then with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) bonded to MPS. Dental acrylic-based composites were prepared with mass fractions of 10, 15, 20, 30, and 40 % of PEG-modified MPS-silica nanoparticles (PMS). The chemical surface modification of silica nanoparticles with MPS and PEG was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). RESULTS: The dental composite containing 20 wt% PMS nanoparticles could reduce the protein adsorption by 28 % as compared with a composite containing 20 wt% MPS-modified silica. The antibacterial test indicated that the PMS nanoparticles can significantly reduce the adhesion of Streptococcus mutans and the biofilm formation on the surface of dental composites. It was found that the flexural strength increased by increasing the PMS nanoparticles from 0 to 20 wt% and then decreased by the incorporation of higher percentages of these nanoparticles. Also, with increasing the weight percentage of PMS nanoparticles, the elastic and the flexural modulus and the hardness of resin nanocomposites were increased. SIGNIFICANCE: In the current work, for the first time, dental resin composites containing PEG were prepared with excellent protein-repellent and antibacterial properties.


Assuntos
Resistência à Flexão , Nanocompostos , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Resinas Compostas/farmacologia , Resinas Compostas/química , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Dióxido de Silício/química , Silanos/farmacologia , Silanos/química , Maleabilidade , Teste de Materiais , Nanocompostos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície
10.
J Prosthet Dent ; 130(2): 265.e1-265.e7, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37353410

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Studies on the effects of postprocessing conditions on the physical properties, degree of conversion (DC), and biocompatibility of denture bases produced by digital light processing are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of the atmosphere during postpolymerization and of postpolymerization time on the flexural strength, Vickers hardness, DC, cytotoxicity, and residual monomer content of denture bases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six different groups of bar- and disk-shaped specimens from the denture base resin were produced, considering 2 different atmospheres (air and nitrogen) and 3 different postpolymerization times (5, 10, and 20 minutes). To determine the physical properties, the flexural strength and Vickers hardness were measured. Fourier transform infrared spectrometry was used to calculate DC. Cytotoxicity was assessed from the effect on human gingival fibroblasts. The residual monomer content was determined by using high-performance liquid chromatography. Based on the normality test by the Shapiro-Wilk method, a nonparametric factorial analysis of variances was conducted (α=.05). RESULTS: A significant interaction was detected between the atmosphere and postpolymerization time for hardness (P<.001) but no interaction for strength, DC, or cytotoxicity (P=.826, P=.786, and P=.563, respectively). Hardness was significantly affected by the postpolymerization time in the groups with the nitrogen atmosphere (P<.001). DC was significantly affected by the atmosphere (P=.012), whereas strength and cytotoxicity were not (P=.500 and P=.299, respectively). Cytotoxicity was significantly affected by the postpolymerization time (P<.001), but strength and DC were not (P=.482 and P=.167, respectively). Residual monomers were not detected after ≥10-minute postpolymerization time. CONCLUSIONS: The atmosphere significantly affected hardness and DC, whereas the postpolymerization time significantly affected hardness, DC, cytotoxicity, and residual monomer content. Denture bases produced in a nitrogen atmosphere and with the 10-minute postpolymerization time showed sufficient hardness, DC, and no cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
Resinas Acrílicas , Bases de Dentadura , Humanos , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Maleabilidade , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Flexão , Dureza , Propriedades de Superfície
12.
Arch. med. deporte ; 40(3): 145-154, May. 2023. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-223733

RESUMO

Introducción: El rodillo de espuma o Foam Roller (FR) es un instrumento de liberación miofascial autoinducida, para aplicarpresión de forma directa sobre la musculatura diana. FR es ampliamente empelado por deportistas como herramienta deauto-masaje. Objetivo: Evaluar la evidencia actual sobre el impacto del FR, sobre el sistema musculoesquelético, en deportistas, tratandode identificar los mecanismos que influyen sobre los tejidos miofasciales.Material y método: Basándonos en las directrices de los Elementos de Información Preferidos para Revisiones Sistemáticas yMetaanálisis (PRISMA), revisamos sistemáticamente estudios indexados en Web of Science, Cochrane y PubMed, para evaluarlos efectos del FR en el rango articular de movimiento (ROM), la flexibilidad, la fuerza y el dolor muscular de inicio retardado(DOMS) en deportistas de alto rendimiento. Se incluyeron artículos originales publicados desde el 2018 hasta el 30 de septiembre de 2022, con diseño de ensayo controlado o pre-post intervención, en los que se comparó la intervención de FR conun grupo control. Se utilizó la escala PEDro para evaluar de la calidad metodológica.Resultados: Entre los 141 registros identificados en la búsqueda, un total de 10 estudios cumplieron los criterios de inclusióny exclusión. En general, el uso de FR, en los deportistas de alto rendimiento, mostró mejoras significativas sobre el ROM yflexibilidad, y efectos notablemente beneficiosos sobre el DOMS y la fuerza, sin efectos adversos en el tejido miofascial. El FRpuede actuar mejorando la arquitectura tisular miofascial, atenuando el efecto inflamatorio y nociceptivo. Conclusión: El uso FR, parece seguro, es un instrumento efectivo para la mejora de las cualidades físicas de movilidad, fuerzay flexibilidad, y disminuir el DOMS incrementando del rendimiento deportivo.(AU)


Introduction: The Foam Roller (FR) is a self-induced myofascial release instrument to apply pressure directly on the targetmusculature. FR is widely used by athletes as a self-massage tool. Objective: We evaluate the current evidence on the impact of FR on the musculoskeletal system in athletes, trying to identifythe mechanisms that influence myofascial tissues.Material and method: Based on the Preferred Reporting Item Guidelines for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA),we systematically reviewed studies indexed in Web of Science, Cochrane, and PubMed to evaluate the effects of FR on jointrange of motion (ROM), flexibility, strength, and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in high-performance athletes. Originalarticles published from 2018 through September 30, 2022, with controlled trial or pre-post intervention design, in which theFR intervention was compared to a control group, were included. The PEDro scale was used to assess methodological quality. Results: Among the 141 records identified in the search, a total of 10 studies met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Ingeneral, the use of FR, in high performance athletes, showed significant improvements on ROM and flexibility, and markedlybeneficial effects on DOMS and strength, with no adverse effects on myofascial tissue. FR may act by improving myofascialtissue architecture, attenuating the inflammatory and nociceptive effect. Conclusion: The use of FR seems to be safe; it is an effective tool for the improvement of the physical qualities of mobility,strength, and flexibility, and to decrease DOMS and increase sports performance.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Mialgia , Força Muscular , Atletas , Maleabilidade , Dor , Esportes , Medicina Esportiva , Psicologia do Esporte , Síndromes da Dor Miofascial
13.
Nature ; 614(7948): 456-462, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36792740

RESUMO

Stretchable hybrid devices have enabled high-fidelity implantable1-3 and on-skin4-6 monitoring of physiological signals. These devices typically contain soft modules that match the mechanical requirements in humans7,8 and soft robots9,10, rigid modules containing Si-based microelectronics11,12 and protective encapsulation modules13,14. To make such a system mechanically compliant, the interconnects between the modules need to tolerate stress concentration that may limit their stretching and ultimately cause debonding failure15-17. Here, we report a universal interface that can reliably connect soft, rigid and encapsulation modules together to form robust and highly stretchable devices in a plug-and-play manner. The interface, consisting of interpenetrating polymer and metal nanostructures, connects modules by simply pressing without using pastes. Its formation is depicted by a biphasic network growth model. Soft-soft modules joined by this interface achieved 600% and 180% mechanical and electrical stretchability, respectively. Soft and rigid modules can also be electrically connected using the above interface. Encapsulation on soft modules with this interface is strongly adhesive with an interfacial toughness of 0.24 N mm-1. As a proof of concept, we use this interface to assemble stretchable devices for in vivo neuromodulation and on-skin electromyography, with high signal quality and mechanical resistance. We expect such a plug-and-play interface to simplify and accelerate the development of on-skin and implantable stretchable devices.


Assuntos
Eletromiografia , Eletrônica Médica , Nanoestruturas , Maleabilidade , Polímeros , Próteses e Implantes , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Nanoestruturas/química , Polímeros/química , Pele , Monitorização Fisiológica , Eletrônica Médica/instrumentação , Eletrônica Médica/métodos , Eletromiografia/instrumentação
14.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510903

RESUMO

CONTEXTO: Sentar-se por muito tempo e um estilo de vida sedentário podem resultar em encurtamento dos isquiotibiais. Um declínio na atividade física regular pode levar a uma diminuição da flexibilidade do músculo em um adulto mais jovem. Aumentar a flexibilidade dos músculos isquiotibiais pode diminuir as possibilidades de lesões e prevenir a dor lombar. A aplicação da terapia a laser de alta intensidade (TLAI) tem demonstrado inúmeros benefícios para diversas condições. No entanto, até o momento, não hápesquisas publicadassobre a eficácia dessaterapia para melhorar o comprimento dos músculos isquiotibiais em adultos jovens saudáveis. Este artigo descreve o protocolo de estudo para investigar os benefícios do TLAI no tratamento da rigidez muscular dos isquiotibiais em adultos jovens. MÉTODOS: 136 indivíduos jovens saudáveis serão recrutados, pelo método de amostragem intencional, para participar de um estudo randomizado, simplescego e controlado por simulação. Os participantes recrutados serão divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, o grupo TLAIativo e o grupo TLAI placebo. A duração do tratamento será de 8 a 10 minutos por sessão em ambos os membros inferiores, em dias alternados, durante duas semanas. O teste de extensão ativa do joelho e o teste de sentar e tocar são as medidas de resultado que serão registradas na linha de base, no final do período pós-intervenção de 2 semanas. O valor de p ≤0,05 será considerado estatisticamente significativo. DISCUSSÃO: Os resultados do estudo fornecerão os dados para determinar se aTLAI seria uma futura intervenção não farmacológica não invasiva para reduzir a tensão muscular dos isquiotibiais em adultos jovens. REGISTRO DE ENSAIO: Registro de Ensaios Clínicos NCT05077761.


BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting and a sedentary lifestyle may result in hamstring shortness. A decline in regular physical activity could lead to a decrease in the flexibility of the muscle in a younger adult. Increasing hamstring muscle flexibility could decrease the possibility of injuries and prevent low back pain. The application of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) has proved to be innumerable benefits for many conditions. However, to date, no published research is available on the effectiveness of this therapy in improving hamstring muscle length in healthy young adults. This article describes the study protocol for investigating the benefits of HILT in treating hamstring muscle tightness among young adults. METHODS: 136 healthy young individuals will be recruited, by purposive sampling method, to participate in a randomized, single-blinded, sham-controlled study. Recruited participants will be randomly divided into two groups, the active HILT group, and the sham HILT group. The treatment duration will be 8-10 minutes per session, on both lower limbs, for alternate days a week, for two weeks. The active knee extension test and sit-toe and touch test are the outcome measures that will be recorded at baseline, end of the 2-week post-intervention period. The p-value ≤0.05 will be considered statistically significant. DISCUSSION: The study findings will provide the data to determine whether HILT would be a future non-pharmacological non-invasive intervention to reduce hamstring muscle tightness among young adults. TRIAL REGISTRY: Clinical Trials Registry NCT05077761.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Maleabilidade , Músculos Isquiossurais
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(5): 7329-7339, 2023 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695708

RESUMO

Composites of triazine-trione (TATO) thiol-ene networks and hydroxyapatite (HA) have shown great potential as topological fixation materials for complex bone fractures due to their high flexural modulus, biocompatibility, and insusceptibility to forming soft-tissue adhesions. However, the rigid mechanical properties of these composites make them unsuitable for applications requiring softness. The scope of these materials could therefore be widened by the design of new TATO monomers that would lead to composites with a range of mechanical properties. In this work, four novel TATO-based monomers, decorated with either ester or amide linkages as well as alkene or alkyne end groups, have been proposed and synthesized via fluoride-promoted esterification (FPE) chemistry. The ester-modified monomers were then successfully formulated along with the thiol TATO monomer tris [2-(3-mercaptopropionyloxy)ethyl] isocyanurate (TEMPIC) and HA to give soft composites, following the established photo-initiated thiol-ene coupling (TEC) or thiol-yne coupling (TYC) chemistry methodologies. The most promising composite shows excellent softness, with a flexural modulus of 57 (2) MPa and εf at maximum σf of 11.8 (0.3)%, which are 117 and 10 times softer than the previously developed system containing the commercially available tri-allyl TATO monomer (TATATO). Meanwhile, the surgically convenient viscosity of the composite resins and their excellent cytotoxicity profile allow them to be used in the construction of soft objects in a variety of shapes through drop-casting suitable for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Engenharia Biomédica , Metacrilatos , Metacrilatos/química , Triazinas/química , Estresse Mecânico , Maleabilidade , Resinas Compostas/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Hidroxiapatitas , Teste de Materiais
16.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 23(1): 1-13, ene.-abr. 2023. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-213095

RESUMO

Background: Perception of bodily signals—or interoception—has been suggested to facilitate individuals’ habitual use of emotion regulation (ER) strategies and to guide the flexible deployment of specific ER strategies. Previous research has shown that the emotional intensity of stimuli modulates regulatory choice between disengagement (i.e., distraction) and engagement strategies (i.e., reappraisal). Method: This study used experience-sampling methods to investigate the role of interoceptive attention in dynamic changes in ER strategies. Healthy participants first completed one-time measurements of ER strategies, emotional awareness and interoceptive attention in the lab and then reported on negative events and use of strategies including reappraisal and distraction, throughout daily life. Results: Results showed that interoceptive attention was positively associated with habitual use of several ER strategies, and emotional awareness mediated the relations between interoceptive attention and these ER strategies. Results also suggested an interaction between interoceptive attention and intensity of negative events; individuals with higher interoceptive attention used distraction rather than reappraisal only during high intensity negative life events, but those with lower interoceptive attention used more distraction than reappraisal, regardless of event intensity. Conclusions: Overall, these findings suggest interoceptive attention may increase emotional awareness, which in turn facilitates application of certain ER strategies but also the flexible deployment of appropriate strategies tailored to a given situation. Training interoceptive attention may provide a promising way to improve ER and promote mental health. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Emoções , Consciência , Saúde Mental , Inquéritos e Questionários , China , Maleabilidade
17.
J Prosthet Dent ; 130(2): 257-264, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799082

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Fractures of interim fixed restorations are a common complication. The autopolymerized polymethyl methacrylate resin materials used for interim fixed restorations have limited mechanical properties, but whether adding treated zirconium dioxide nanoparticles improves mechanical properties is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of treated zirconium dioxide nanoparticles on the flexural strength and elastic modulus of autopolymerized polymethyl methacrylate resin. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A split-metal mold (60×10×3.3 mm) was used to fabricate 40 autopolymerized acrylic resin specimens. The specimens were divided into 4 groups (n=10) according to zirconium dioxide nanoparticle concentration: control (unmodified resin) and zirconium dioxide nanoparticle contents of 1, 2.5, and 5 wt%. The specimens were mixed and polymerized according to the manufacturer's instructions and stored in distilled water for 48 ±2 hours at 37 °C. The flexural strength and elastic modulus were evaluated based on the 3-point bend test where data were analyzed by using 1-way analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc tests (α=.05). RESULTS: The flexural strength of the 1-wt% zirconium dioxide nanoparticle specimens was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<.001) but did not significantly increase further with the higher nanoparticle content (P>.05). Elastic modulus significantly decreased with 2.5-wt% zirconium dioxide nanoparticles (P=.019), while no significant changes were found with other test groups (P>.05). CONCLUSIONS: The addition of treated zirconium dioxide nanoparticles at low concentrations increased the flexural strength of autopolymerized polymethyl methacrylate resins used in fixed interim restorations.


Assuntos
Resistência à Flexão , Nanopartículas , Polimetil Metacrilato , Teste de Materiais , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Propriedades de Superfície , Maleabilidade , Estresse Mecânico
18.
J Prosthodont ; 32(2): 139-146, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35315177

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the efficacy of fiber reinforcement to enhance flexural strength of the transitional implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis (TISFDP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty denture acrylic resin plates (64 mm × 12 mm × 5 mm) with two 7 mm diameter holes were fabricated using heat-polymerized type (Lucitone 199) and CAD-CAM prepolymerized type (AvaDent) materials to simulate a chair-side reconstruction of the TISFDP. Specimens were divided into 7 groups (n = 10) according to the airborne-particle abrasion of titanium cylinder (Straumann) surface and locations of fiber reinforcement ribbons (Ribbond-ULTRA). No cylinder surface abrasion and no fiber added acrylate specimens were used as the controls. The prosthetic screws were hand-tightened on a custom fixture with analogs. Specimen hole and cylinder were joined using a 50:50 mixture of chemically polymerized resin (QYK-SET; Holmes Dental) and repair resin (Dentsply Sirona). Ten acrylate specimens with no holes were fabricated from each tested material and assigned as positive controls. A modified four-point bending test (ASTM standard-D6272) was conducted using a universal testing machine and a custom fixture with a crosshead speed 1 mm/min. The maximum failure loads were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed using 2-way ANOVA and the Tukey tests at α = 0.05. RESULTS: The flexural strength values ranged from 55.4 ±8.3 to 140.9 ±15.4 MPa. The flexural strength decreased significantly when fiber was attached on the titanium cylinder surface (p < 0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in flexural strength values between specimens with and without titanium cylinder surface abrasion (p > 0.05). Statistically significant improvement in flexural strength was observed in specimens with fibers attached around the specimen holes (p < 0.05) buccally and lingually. The obtained values were not statistically significantly different from the positive controls (p > 0.05). Some fixation screw fractures were observed before catastrophic failure of specimens during testing. CONCLUSIONS: Fiber reinforcement significantly improved the flexural strength of denture acrylic resins only if placed around the specimen holes on the tension side at the site of initiation of crack propagation. Even when the specimens underwent catastrophic failure, the segments remained attached to each other with the attached fibers.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Resistência à Flexão , Titânio , Teste de Materiais , Maleabilidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Acrilatos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Bases de Dentadura , Materiais Dentários
19.
J Biol Chem ; 299(2): 102799, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36528062

RESUMO

Collagen triple helices are critical in the function of mannan-binding lectin (MBL), an oligomeric recognition molecule in complement activation. The MBL collagen regions form complexes with the serine proteases MASP-1 and MASP-2 in order to activate complement, and mutations lead to common immunodeficiencies. To evaluate their structure-function properties, we studied the solution structures of four MBL-like collagen peptides. The thermal stability of the MBL collagen region was much reduced by the presence of a GQG interruption in the typical (X-Y-Gly)n repeat compared to controls. Experimental solution structural data were collected using analytical ultracentrifugation and small angle X-ray and neutron scattering. As controls, we included two standard Pro-Hyp-Gly collagen peptides (POG)10-13, as well as three more peptides with diverse (X-Y-Gly)n sequences that represented other collagen features. These data were quantitatively compared with atomistic linear collagen models derived from crystal structures and 12,000 conformations obtained from molecular dynamics simulations. All four MBL peptides were bent to varying degrees up to 85o in the best-fit molecular dynamics models. The best-fit benchmark peptides (POG)n were more linear but exhibited a degree of conformational flexibility. The remaining three peptides showed mostly linear solution structures. In conclusion, the collagen helix is not strictly linear, the degree of flexibility in the triple helix depends on its sequence, and the triple helix with the GQG interruption showed a pronounced bend. The bend in MBL GQG peptides resembles the bend in the collagen of complement C1q and may be key for lectin pathway activation.


Assuntos
Colágeno , Ativação do Complemento , Lectina de Ligação a Manose , Colágeno/química , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/química , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/metabolismo , Soluções/química , Conformação Proteica , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/química , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Estabilidade Proteica , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Difração de Nêutrons , Ultracentrifugação , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Maleabilidade
20.
Dent Traumatol ; 39(2): 119-131, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36436188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A light-cured intermediate material is useful for fabricating a hard insert and a buffer space mouthguard (H&SMG). However, it requires improvement in its mechanical properties and shock-absorbing capacity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical properties of two prototype light-cured intermediate materials reinforced with glass fibers, and the impact absorption capacity and durability of H&SMGs made with the prototype intermediate materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two prototype materials containing long and microlength glass fibers in a light-cured intermediate material, Innerframe LC®, for H&SMG, were fabricated and tested. A three-point bending test was performed for evaluation of the mechanical properties. In addition, a shock absorption test was conducted using a customized pendulum impact testing machine to evaluate the H&SMGs' impact absorption capacity and durability. RESULTS: Long and microlength glass fibers significantly improved flexural modulus and strength. H&SMGs made with these two glass fiber-containing materials had high impact absorption capacity against both low and high impact forces, while the mouthguards made with long glass fiber materials had the best results. CONCLUSION: Long and microlength glass fibers with the prototype materials improved the mechanical properties of Innerframe LC® and the impact absorption capacity and durability of H&SMGs. H&SMGs made with the long glass fiber prototype materials had the best performance.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Vidro , Estresse Mecânico , Teste de Materiais , Maleabilidade , Propriedades de Superfície
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...