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1.
Eur Radiol Exp ; 8(1): 50, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heartbeat-based cross-sectional area (CSA) changes in the right main pulmonary artery (MPA), which reflects its distensibility associated with pulmonary hypertension, can be measured using dynamic ventilation computed tomography (DVCT) in patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) during respiratory dynamics. We investigated the relationship between MPA distensibility (MPAD) and respiratory function and how heartbeat-based CSA is related to spirometry, mean lung density (MLD), and patient characteristics. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed DVCT performed preoperatively in 37 patients (20 female and 17 males) with lung cancer aged 70.6 ± 7.9 years (mean ± standard deviation), 18 with COPD and 19 without. MPA-CSA was separated into respiratory and heartbeat waves by discrete Fourier transformation. For the cardiac pulse-derived waves, CSA change (CSAC) and CSA change ratio (CSACR) were calculated separately during inhalation and exhalation. Spearman rank correlation was computed. RESULT: In the group without COPD as well as all cases, CSACR exhalation was inversely correlated with percent residual lung volume (%RV) and RV/total lung capacity (r = -0.68, p = 0.003 and r = -0.58, p = 0.014). In contrast, in the group with COPD, CSAC inhalation was correlated with MLDmax and MLD change rate (MLDmax/MLDmin) (r = 0.54, p = 0.020 and r = 0.64, p = 0.004) as well as CSAC exhalation and CSACR exhalation. CONCLUSION: In patients with insufficient exhalation, right MPAD during exhalation was decreased. Also, in COPD patients with insufficient exhalation, right MPAD was reduced during inhalation as well as exhalation, which implied that exhalation impairment is a contributing factor to pulmonary hypertension complicated with COPD. RELEVANCE STATEMENT: Assessment of MPAD in different respiratory phases on DVCT has the potential to be utilized as a non-invasive assessment for pulmonary hypertension due to lung disease and/or hypoxia and elucidation of its pathogenesis. KEY POINTS: • There are no previous studies analyzing all respiratory phases of right main pulmonary artery distensibility (MPAD). • Patients with exhalation impairment decreased their right MPAD. • Analysis of MPAD on dynamic ventilation computed tomography contributes to understanding the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension due to lung disease and/or hypoxia in patients with expiratory impairment.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Pneumopatias , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Hipóxia/complicações
2.
Int Wound J ; 21(4): e14860, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572791

RESUMO

Identifying predictors for surgical site infections (SSIs) after emergency surgical treatment for traumatic pulmonary haemorrhage (TPH) is crucial for improving patient outcomes. This study aims to ascertain these predictors. In this comprehensive retrospective study, conducted from January 2020 to December 2023 at our institution, 75 patients were analysed, including a case group of 25 patients with SSIs and a control group of 50 without SSIs post-TPH surgery. Inclusion criteria focused on patients aged 18 and above undergoing thoracotomy or minimally invasive thoracic surgery for TPH. Exclusion criteria included compromised immune systems, chronic pulmonary diseases, prior thoracic surgery or active infections at admission. We assessed several predictors: anaemia; operation time over 2 h; hospital stay over 5 days; intraoperative blood loss exceeding 500 mL; body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2; age ≥ 50 years; use of surgical drains; the presence of open wounds; diabetes mellitus and non-prophylactic antibiotic use. Statistical analysis involved univariate and multivariate logistic regression, using SPSS Version 27.0. Univariate analysis revealed significant associations between SSIs and surgical drain placement, diabetes mellitus, open wounds and non-prophylactic antibiotic use (p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis confirmed these factors as significant predictors of SSIs, with notable odds ratios. Other variables like anaemia, extended hospital stay, excessive intraoperative blood loss, older age and higher BMI did not significantly predict SSIs. Significant predictors for SSIs following TPH surgery include surgical drain placement, diabetes mellitus, open wounds and non-prophylactic antibiotic use. Identifying and managing these risks is crucial in clinical practice to reduce SSIs incidence and improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Anemia , Diabetes Mellitus , Pneumopatias , Humanos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco
3.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297181, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573986

RESUMO

Equine asthma (EA) is an important cause of wastage in the USA horse industry. Exposure to organic particulates, from stable dust, airborne pollen, and fungal loads, is posited to be the main cause. Dust arising from the earth's crust has been largely ignored as a contributor to EA in the veterinary literature. The objectives of this study were to investigate the occurrence of birefringent particulates in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of horses with a clinical complaint of EA residing in the arid West of the USA v. the East, in an effort to determine the contribution of geolocation to geogenic dust exposure. We analyzed BALF cytology and historical data sent to our referral clinical laboratory from 148 horses from the West Coast and 233 horses from the East Coast of the USA over a 6-year period, using light microscopy to determine cell proportions and other visible elements as well as a polarizing lens to detect birefringent material. Univariate analysis showed that horses from the West coast were significantly more likely to have birefringent particulates in the BALF than horses from the East coast (40.5% v. 8.6%, p < 0.001); while horses from the East had higher BALF neutrophil proportions. Horses from the West also had lower proportions of neutrophils in the BALF than those from the East (27.1 v. 10.9, p < .001). Using historical and BAL data in a forward stepwise binary logistic regression model with presence of birefringent particulates found within alveolar macrophages as the outcome, geographical location in the West retained significance as a predictor (OR 8.0, CI [4.3-14.8], p< .001). While the birefringent particulates cannot be identified on the basis of polarizing microscopy alone, this study provides evidence that horses from the West are exposed to inorganic particulates that may contribute to signs of equine asthma.


Assuntos
Asma , Doenças dos Cavalos , Pneumopatias , Cavalos , Animais , Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Asma/veterinária , Asma/diagnóstico , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Poeira , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico
4.
J Immunol ; 212(8): 1269-1275, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560811

RESUMO

Although the lungs were once considered a sterile environment, advances in sequencing technology have revealed dynamic, low-biomass communities in the respiratory tract, even in health. Key features of these communities-composition, diversity, and burden-are consistently altered in lung disease, associate with host physiology and immunity, and can predict clinical outcomes. Although initial studies of the lung microbiome were descriptive, recent studies have leveraged advances in technology to identify metabolically active microbes and potential associations with their immunomodulatory by-products and lung disease. In this brief review, we discuss novel insights in airway disease and parenchymal lung disease, exploring host-microbiome interactions in disease pathogenesis. We also discuss complex interactions between gut and oropharyngeal microbiota and lung immunobiology. Our advancing knowledge of the lung microbiome will provide disease targets in acute and chronic lung disease and may facilitate the development of new therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Microbiota , Humanos , Pulmão
5.
J Immunotoxicol ; 21(1): 2332172, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563602

RESUMO

Efficacious therapeutic options capable of resolving inflammatory lung disease associated with environmental and occupational exposures are lacking. This study sought to determine the preclinical therapeutic potential of lung-delivered recombinant interleukin (IL)-10 therapy following acute organic dust exposure in mice. Here, C57BL/6J mice were intratracheally instilled with swine confinement organic dust extract (ODE) (12.5%, 25%, 50% concentrations) with IL-10 (1 µg) treatment or vehicle control intratracheally-administered three times: 5 hr post-exposure and then daily for 2 days. The results showed that IL-10 treatment reduced ODE (25%)-induced weight loss by 66% and 46% at Day 1 and Day 2 post-exposure, respectively. IL-10 treatment reduced ODE (25%, 50%)-induced lung levels of TNFα (-76%, -83% [reduction], respectively), neutrophil chemoattractant CXCL1 (-51%, -60%), and lavage fluid IL-6 (-84%, -89%). IL-10 treatment reduced ODE (25%, 50%)-induced lung neutrophils (-49%, -70%) and recruited CD11cintCD11b+ monocyte-macrophages (-49%, -70%). IL-10 therapy reduced ODE-associated expression of antigen presentation (MHC Class II, CD80, CD86) and inflammatory (Ly6C) markers and increased anti-inflammatory CD206 expression on CD11cintCD11b+ cells. ODE (12.5%, 25%)-induced lung pathology was also reduced with IL-10 therapy. In conclusion, the studies here showed that short-term, lung-delivered IL-10 treatment induced a beneficial response in reducing inflammatory consequences (that were also associated with striking reduction in recruited monocyte-macrophages) following acute complex organic dust exposure.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Pneumonia , Animais , Camundongos , Suínos , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumopatias/induzido quimicamente , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Poeira
6.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(4)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589234

RESUMO

People who have structural or developmental lung disease are more likely to develop non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections. We present the case of a young man in his 30s who had unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis on the right side and presented with a 6-month history of productive cough and fever. His CT scan showed nodular and cavitating lesions on the right side, and sputum analysis confirmed infection with Mycobacterium chimaera He had to undergo modifications in his treatment, including a change from rifampicin to rifabutin due to drug interactions and his amikacin had to be stopped due to signs of vestibular toxicity. Using a multidisciplinary approach, we were able to formulate an appropriate drug regimen for him, and he is now under regular follow-up with infectious diseases and respiratory medicine.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Pneumopatias , Pulmão/anormalidades , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas , Pneumonia , Masculino , Humanos , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/complicações , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 27(3): 179-186, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography guided percutaneous lung biopsy (CT-PLB) is a widely used method for the diagnosis of lung lesions. However, it is invasive, and the most common complications are pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage, which can be life-threatening in severe cases. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the independent risk factors affecting the occurrence of different complications of CT-PLB, so as to reduce the incidence of complications. METHODS: The 605 patients with complete clinical data who underwent CT-PLB in our hospital from May 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the location of the lesions, they were divided into subpleural group and non-subpleural group. The patients were divided into pneumothorax group, pulmonary hemorrhage group, pneumothorax with pulmonary hemorrhage group and non-pneumothorax/pulmonary hemorrhage group according to the complications. The risk factors affecting the incidence of different complications and the independent risk factors of each complication were analyzed. RESULTS: The incidence of pneumothorax was 34.1%, the incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage was 28.1%, and the incidence of pneumothorax complicated with pulmonary hemorrhage was 10.8% (63 cases). The independent risk factor affecting the incidence of subpleural pneumothorax was lesion size (P=0.002). The independent risk factors affecting the occurrence of pneumothorax in the non-subpleural group were plain scan CT value (P=0.035), length of needle through lung tissue (P=0.003), and thickness of needle through chest wall (P=0.020). Independent risk factors affecting the occurrence of pulmonary hemorrhage in the non-subpleural group were length of needle through lung tissue (P<0.001), △CT value of needle travel area (P=0.001), lesion size (P=0.034) and body position (P=0.014). The independent risk factors affecting the co-occurrence of pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage were the length of needle through lung tissue (P<0.001) and the △CT value of needle travel area (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: CT-PLB is a safe and effective diagnostic method, which of high diagnostic value for lung lesions. Selecting the appropriate puncture program can reduce complications such as pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage, and improve diagnosis and treatment efficiency.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Pneumotórax , Parede Torácica , Humanos , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Pneumotórax/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 4: CD003214, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic lung disease (CLD) occurs frequently in preterm infants and is associated with respiratory morbidity. Bronchodilators have the potential effect of dilating small airways with muscle hypertrophy. Increased compliance and tidal volume, and decreased airway resistance, have been documented with the use of bronchodilators in infants with CLD. Therefore, bronchodilators are widely considered to have a role in the prevention and treatment of CLD, but there remains uncertainty as to whether they improve clinical outcomes. This is an update of the 2016 Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of inhaled bronchodilators given as prophylaxis or as treatment for chronic lung disease (CLD) on mortality and other complications of preterm birth in infants at risk for or identified as having CLD. SEARCH METHODS: An Information Specialist searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL and three trials registers from 2016 to May 2023. In addition, the review authors undertook reference checking, citation searching and contact with trial authors to identify additional studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials involving preterm infants less than 32 weeks old that compared bronchodilators to no intervention or placebo. CLD was defined as oxygen dependency at 28 days of life or at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age. Initiation of bronchodilator therapy for the prevention of CLD had to occur within two weeks of birth. Treatment of infants with CLD had to be initiated before discharge from the neonatal unit. The intervention had to include administration of a bronchodilator by nebulisation or metered dose inhaler. The comparator was no intervention or placebo. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used the standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. Critical outcomes included: mortality within the trial period; CLD (defined as oxygen dependency at 28 days of life or at 36 weeks' postmenstrual age); adverse effects of bronchodilators, including hypokalaemia (low potassium levels in the blood), tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmia, tremor, hypertension and hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar); and pneumothorax. We used the GRADE approach to assess the certainty of the evidence for each outcome. MAIN RESULTS: We included two randomised controlled trials in this review update. Only one trial provided useable outcome data. This trial was conducted in six neonatal intensive care units in France and Portugal, and involved 173 participants with a gestational age of less than 31 weeks. The infants in the intervention group received salbutamol for the prevention of CLD. The evidence suggests that salbutamol may result in little to no difference in mortality (risk ratio (RR) 1.08, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50 to 2.31; risk difference (RD) 0.01, 95% CI -0.09 to 0.11; low-certainty evidence) or CLD at 28 days (RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.78 to 1.37; RD 0.02, 95% CI -0.13 to 0.17; low-certainty evidence), when compared to placebo. The evidence is very uncertain about the effect of salbutamol on pneumothorax. The one trial with usable data reported that there were no relevant differences between groups, without providing the number of events (very low-certainty evidence). Investigators in this study did not report if side effects occurred. We found no eligible trials that evaluated the use of bronchodilator therapy for the treatment of infants with CLD. We identified no ongoing studies. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Low-certainty evidence from one trial showed that inhaled bronchodilator prophylaxis may result in little or no difference in the incidence of mortality or CLD in preterm infants, when compared to placebo. The evidence is very uncertain about the effect of salbutamol on pneumothorax, and neither included study reported on the incidence of serious adverse effects. We identified no trials that studied the use of bronchodilator therapy for the treatment of CLD. Additional clinical trials are necessary to assess the role of bronchodilator agents in the prophylaxis or treatment of CLD. Researchers studying the effects of inhaled bronchodilators in preterm infants should include relevant clinical outcomes in addition to pulmonary mechanical outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças do Prematuro , Pneumopatias , Pneumotórax , Nascimento Prematuro , Lactente , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Doença Crônica , Doenças do Prematuro/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Albuterol/uso terapêutico , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumopatias/prevenção & controle , Oxigênio
9.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 157, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Environmental/occupational exposures cause significant lung diseases. Agricultural organic dust extracts (ODE) and bacterial component lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induce recruited, transitioning murine lung monocytes/macrophages, yet their cellular role remains unclear. METHODS: CCR2 RFP+ mice were intratracheally instilled with high concentration ODE (25%), LPS (10 µg), or gram-positive peptidoglycan (PGN, 100 µg) for monocyte/macrophage cell-trafficking studies. CCR2 knockout (KO) mice and administration of intravenous clodronate liposomes strategies were employed to reduce circulating monocytes available for lung recruitment following LPS exposure. Lung tissues and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected. Pro-inflammatory and/or pro-fibrotic cytokines, chemokines, and lung extracellular matrix mediators were quantitated by ELISA. Infiltrating lung cells including monocyte/macrophage subpopulations, neutrophils, and lymphocytes were characterized by flow cytometry. Lung histopathology, collagen content, vimentin, and post-translational protein citrullination and malondialdehyde acetaldehyde (MAA) modification were quantitated. Parametric statistical tests (one-way ANOVA, Tukey'smultiple comparison) and nonparametric statistical (Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn's multiple comparison) tests were used following Shapiro-Wilk testing for normality. RESULTS: Intratracheal instillation of ODE, LPS, or PGN robustly induced the recruitment of inflammatory CCR2+ CD11cintCD11bhi monocytes/macrophages and both CCR2+ and CCR2- CD11c-CD11bhi monocytes at 48 h. There were also increases in CCR2+ CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and NK cells. Despite reductions in LPS-induced lung infiltrating CD11cintCD11bhi cells (54% reduction), CCR2 knockout (KO) mice were not protected against LPS-induced inflammatory and pro-fibrotic consequences. Instead, compensatory increases in lung neutrophils and CCL2 and CCL7 release occurred. In contrast, the depletion of circulating monocytes through the administration of intravenous clodronate (vs. vehicle) liposomes 24 h prior to LPS exposure reduced LPS-induced infiltrating CD11cintCD11bhi monocyte-macrophage subpopulation by 59% without compensatory changes in other cell populations. Clodronate liposome pre-treatment significantly reduced LPS-induced IL-6 (66% reduction), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-3 (36%), MMP-8 (57%), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (61%), fibronectin (38%), collagen content (22%), and vimentin (40%). LPS-induced lung protein citrullination and MAA modification, post-translational modifications implicated in lung disease, were reduced (39% and 48%) with clodronate vs. vehicle liposome. CONCLUSION: Highly concentrated environmental/occupational exposures induced the recruitment of CCR2+ and CCR2- transitioning monocyte-macrophage and monocyte subpopulations and targeting peripheral monocytes may reduce the adverse lung consequences resulting from exposures to LPS-enriched inhalants.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Monócitos , Camundongos , Animais , Monócitos/metabolismo , Lipossomos/metabolismo , Vimentina/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Ácido Clodrônico/farmacologia , Ácido Clodrônico/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Pulmão , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Pneumopatias/metabolismo , Exposição Ambiental , Colágeno/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
10.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 60(4): 226-237, abr.2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-ADZ-73

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) frequently coexist, increasing the prevalence of both entities and impacting on symptoms and prognosis. CVD should be suspected in patients with COPD who have high/very high risk scores on validated scales, frequent exacerbations, precordial pain, disproportionate dyspnea, or palpitations. They should be referred to cardiology if they have palpitations of unknown cause or angina pain. COPD should be suspected in patients with CVD if they have recurrent bronchitis, cough and expectoration, or disproportionate dyspnea. They should be referred to a pulmonologist if they have rhonchi or wheezing, air trapping, emphysema, or signs of chronic bronchitis. Treatment of COPD in cardiovascular patients should include long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonists (LAMA) or long-acting beta-agonists (LABA) in low-risk or high-risk non-exacerbators, and LAMA/LABA/inhaled corticosteroids in exacerbators who are not controlled with bronchodilators. Cardioselective beta-blockers should be favored in patients with CVD, the long-term need for amiodarone should be assessed, and antiplatelet drugs should be maintained if indicated. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumopatias , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Prognóstico , Dor no Peito
11.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 162(7): 350-353, abril 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-JHG-7

RESUMO

Introducción: El síndrome de pulmón encogido (SPE) es una manifestación rara del lupus eritematoso sistémico. Nuestro objetivo fue describir las características clínicas, radiológicas y funcionales de una cohorte con SPE y su evolución en el tiempo.MétodosEstudio retrospectivo entre 2009 y 2018. Se recogieron datos demográficos, clínicos, funcionales, radiológicos y de tratamiento.ResultadosDe un total de 225 pacientes, 11 presentaron SPE (prevalencia del 4,8%). Dos fueron excluidos. La edad media fue 39,33±16 años, 6 eran mujeres. Los síntomas principales fueron la disnea y el dolor pleurítico. La capacidad vital forzada media fue del 49%, la capacidad pulmonar total del 60%, la capacidad de difusión de monóxido de carbono del 66%, el factor de transferencia para el monóxido de carbono del 128%, la presión inspiratoria máxima del 66% y la presión espiratoria máxima del 82%. Todos los pacientes recibieron corticosteroides. Después de una mediana de seguimiento de 19 meses, 4 casos presentaron mejoría y 4 estabilización.ConclusionesEl SPE debe tenerse presente en todo paciente lúpico con disnea de causa no evidente. Si bien suele evolucionar con mejoría, la mayoría queda con deterioro persistente a pesar del tratamiento. (AU)


Introduction: Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. Our aim was to describe the clinical, radiological, and functional characteristics of a cohort with SLS and its evolution over time.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted between 2009 and 2018. Demographic, clinical, functional, radiological, and treatment data were collected.ResultsOut of a total of 225 patients, 11 presented with SLS (prevalence of 4.8%). Two patients were excluded. The mean age was 39.33±16 years, and 6 were female. The main symptoms were dyspnea and pleuritic pain. The mean forced vital capacity was 49%, total lung capacity was 60%, carbon monoxide diffusing capacity was 66%, carbon monoxide transference factor was 128%, maximal inspiratory pressure was 66%, and maximal expiratory pressure was 82%. All patients received corticosteroids. After a median follow-up of 19 months, 4 cases showed improvement, and 4 cases remained stable.ConclusionsSLS should be considered in every lupus patient with unexplained dyspnea. Although it often shows improvement, many cases experience persistent deterioration despite treatment. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Monóxido de Carbono/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Sistema Digestório , Dispneia/etiologia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Musculares
12.
Early Hum Dev ; 191: 105977, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38460343

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine perinatal risk factors for Massive pulmonary hemorrhage (MPH) and MPH-caused mortality to guide clinicians in implementing preventive measures at the beginning of life for improving the survival of very low birth weight infant (VLBWIs). STUDY DESIGN: A total of 13,826 VLBWIs born between 2013 and 2020 in the Korean Neonatal Network database were included. RESULTS: MPH occurred in 870 (6.3 %) VLBWIs. Among infants with MPH, 162 (18.6 %) VLBWIs died due to MPH. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, independent risk factors for MPH were identified as small for gestational age, multiple gestation, high CRIB-II score, use of surfactant, and symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA) in VLBIWs. Independent risk factors for MPH-caused mortality were identified as multiple gestation in VLBWIs. Receiving a complete course of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) was found to be a significant independent protective factor for MPH-caused mortality in VLBWIs. CONCLUSION: Proactive managements for reducing unnecessary use of pulmonary surfactant and for decreasing the risk of sPDA at the beginning of life could be recommended as preventive strategies to reduce the risk of MPH in extremely preterm infants. ACS therapy is highly recommended for women with a high likelihood of giving birth preterm to reduce the risk of mortality caused by MPH.


Assuntos
Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial , Pneumopatias , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Lactente Extremamente Prematuro , Hemorragia , Fatores de Risco , Idade Gestacional
13.
Respir Med ; 225: 107600, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) often exhibits pulmonary function impairment, such as obstructive or restrictive pattern, with variation among patients according to the damaged lesions in the lung. METHODS: Patients with NTM-PD were consecutively enrolled between September 2019 and December 2020 at the Respiratory Infection Clinic of our hospital. Patients' data were comprehensively collected through laboratory examinations, PFT, chest computed tomography, and questionnaires for the assessment of subjective symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using PFT parameters to compare the clinical findings among clusters. RESULTS: Data of 104 patients were analyzed and classified into four clusters. The restrictive pattern with decreased forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) group showed high serum C-reactive protein and low albumin levels, severe radiological findings, and low HRQOL. In the restrictive pattern with preserved FEV1 group, HRQOL was as low as that in the restrictive pattern with decreased FEV1 group, and bacterial exacerbation was observed relatively frequently. HRQOL in the obstructive impairment group was maintained in comparison with that in the normal group. CONCLUSION: NTM-PD phenotypes were identified using cluster analysis based on PFT. Two different severe phenotypes were also observed. In the early stages of NTM-PD, PFT may be useful in recognizing disease progression.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas , Humanos , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/microbiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas , Pulmão , Fenótipo , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 47(3): 259-264, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448179

RESUMO

Pulmonary bullae is a common complication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD), causing the deterioration in lung function, leading to aggravated dyspnea and poor quality of life for patients. The traditional therapeutic approach for pulmonary bullae is bullectomy using surgical thoracoscopy. The disadvantage of this approach is the postoperative complications and high risk of recurrence in many patients. In addition, for some patients, due to the patient's physical conditions, such as poor lung function and other diseases, bullectomy could not be used. Therefore, new alternative approaches were urgently needed. In recent years, interventional respiratory technology has been trialed to treat pulmonary bulla all around the world and has achieved great success. In this paper, we reviewed the relevant clinical research progress of interventional respiratory medicine techniques in the treatment of pulmonary bullae.


Assuntos
Vesícula , Pneumopatias , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Vesícula/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/cirurgia , Dispneia
15.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 36(2): 131-136, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442926

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct a nomogram prediction model for predicting the risk of death in patients with sepsis-associated thrombocytopenia (SAT) in intensive care unit (ICU) for early indentification and active intervention. METHODS: Clinical data of SAT patients admitted to ICU of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from December 2019 to August 2021 were retrospectively collected, including demographic data, laboratory indicators, etc. According to the prognosis at 28 days, the patients were divided into the death group and the survival group, and the differences of clinical variables between the two groups were compared. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the independent risk factors influencing mortality of patients within 28 days, then a nomogram predictive model was constructed and its performance was verified with internal data. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to evaluate the diagnostic effectiveness of the nomogram model, and the clinical applicability of this model was evaluated by clinical decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: A total of 275 patients were included, with 95 deaths at 28 days and a 28-day mortality of 34.5%. Compared with the survival group, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), lactic acid (Lac), platelet distribution width (PDW) on day 5 of ICU admission, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), total bilirubin (TBIL), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), C-reactive protein (CRP) of patients in the death group were higher, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) were longer, platelet count (PLT) on day 3 and day 5 of ICU admission, direct bilirubin (DBIL), fibrinogen (FIB) were lower, the history of chronic lung disease, mixed site infection, lung infection, bloodstream infection, Gram-negative bacterial infection and fungal infection accounted for a higher proportion, the history of diabetes mellitus, urinary tract infection and no pathogenic microorganisms cultured accounted for a lower proportion, and the proportion of the use of vasoactive drugs, mechanical ventilation (MV), continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), bleeding events and platelet transfusion were higher. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHE II score at the day of ICU admission [odds ratio (OR) = 1.417, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.153-1.743, P = 0.001], chronic lung disease (OR = 72.271, 95%CI was 4.475-1 167.126, P = 0.003), PLT on day 5 of ICU admission (OR = 0.954, 95%CI was 0.922-0.987, P = 0.007), vasoactive drug (OR = 622.943, 95%CI was 10.060-38 575.340, P = 0.002), MV (OR = 91.818, 95%CI was 3.973-2 121.966, P = 0.005) were independent risk factors of mortality in SAT patients. The above independent risk factors were used to build a nomogram prediction model, and the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity and specificity were 0.979, 94.7% and 91.7%, respectively, suggesting that the model had good discrimination. The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness of fit test showed a good calibration with P > 0.05. At the same time, DCA showed that the nomogram model had good clinical applicability. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with SAT has a higher risk of death. The nomogram model based on APACHE II score at the day of ICU admission, chronic lung disease, PLT on day 5 of ICU admission, the use of vasoactive drug and MV has good clinical significance for the prediction of 28-day mortality, and the discrimination and calibration are good, however, further verification is needed.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Pneumopatias , Sepse , Trombocitopenia , Humanos , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/complicações , Bilirrubina
16.
Med J Malaysia ; 79(Suppl 1): 110-116, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555894

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cleaners perform a vital role in environmental health by keeping the place clean, but they are also exposed to various hazards. Yet, there is a lack of effective and accessible occupational safety standard measures, thus making this to be difficult to monitor the long-term health effects of cleaners. This study aims to determine the respirable dust exposure on respiratory symptoms among cleaners in a public university in Selangor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 51 cleaners. The respondents' background information and respiratory symptoms were gathered using a series of standardised questionnaires validated by the American Thoracic Society (ATS-DLD-78-A). The 8- hour respirable dust exposure to cleaners was measured using an air sampling pump (Gillian & Sensodyne Gil Air 3). RESULTS: The mean of respirable dust was lower than permissible exposure limit with 0.63±0.57mg/m3. The respiratory symptoms among the cleaners showed no significant association between cough, phlegm, and breathing difficulties with working tenure. Meanwhile, wheezing and coughing with phlegm have an almost significant association with working tenure among cleaners with (Χ2=1.00, p=0.08) and (Χ2=1.00, p=0.07) respectively. Exposure to respirable dust has exhibited 6 times the prevalence of coughing with phlegm among cleaners (PR=6.28, 95% CI: 0.44, 89.38). CONCLUSION: The findings of this study demonstrated that the cleaners were significantly affected by the respirable dust. The cleaners' working environment has caused them to be exposed to respirable dust.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Pneumopatias , Exposição Ocupacional , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/análise , Estudos Transversais , Malásia/epidemiologia , Universidades , Tosse/epidemiologia , Tosse/etiologia , Poeira/análise
17.
Int Heart J ; 65(2): 363-366, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556344

RESUMO

Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia (CPL) is associated with fetal pulmonary venous obstructive physiology. The precise morbidity of CPL is unknown as CPL is generally fatal in neonates. Here, we report an infant with secondary CPL in total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). He developed severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) after corrective surgery for TAPVC. However, cardiac catheterization showed mild left pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO), which was deemed unnecessary for re-intervention. He died at 11 months-old due to an exacerbation of PH. Autopsy revealed medial hypertrophy of the pulmonary arteries, mild left PVO, and marked dilatation and proliferation of the pulmonary lymphatics which might have been involved in the PH, although CPL was not conclusively identified based on the previous biopsy findings. We should be aware of the possibility of CPL in addition to postoperative PVO when encountering patients with fetal pulmonary venous obstructive physiology. Furthermore, a cautious approach to the interpretation of lung biopsy results is warranted.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias/congênito , Linfangiectasia/congênito , Veias Pulmonares , Pneumopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Síndrome de Cimitarra , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Humanos , Circulação Pulmonar , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pulmão
18.
Int J Circumpolar Health ; 83(1): 2335702, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546171

RESUMO

Alaska Native and American Indian children experience frequent respiratory illness. Indoor air quality is associated with the severity and frequency of respiratory infections in children. High efficiency particulate air (HEPA) purifiers effectively improve indoor air quality and may protect respiratory health. In 2019, the Yukon-Kuskokwim Health Corporation implemented a pilot programme that provided education and HEPA purifiers to households of children with chronic lung conditions. The team evaluated HEPA purifier acceptability and use by interviewing representatives from 11 households that participated in the pilot programme. All interviewees reported improvement in their child's health, and some believed that the health of other household members was also improved because of the HEPA purifier. Interviewees reported that the HEPA purifiers were easy to use, quiet, and not expensive to run. Five of 11 households were still using the HEPA purifier at the time of the interview, which was about three years after receipt of the unit. The most common reasons for discontinuing use were equipment failure and lack of replacement filter, suggesting that programme support could increase sustainability. Our evaluation suggests that HEPA purifiers are acceptable and feasible for use in rural Alaska Native households.


Assuntos
Filtros de Ar , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Pneumopatias , Criança , Humanos , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Características da Família
19.
Curr Probl Cardiol ; 49(5): 102492, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431143

RESUMO

This letter commends the study "Severe pulmonary hypertension in pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: A comprehensive literature review" for its thorough exploration of Pulmonary Alveolar Microlithiasis (PAM) and its association with pulmonary hypertension (PH). The study offers insights into PAM's genetics, clinical manifestations, diagnostic approaches, and treatment modalities. It highlights the importance of early diagnosis and management while discussing limitations such as its retrospective nature and small sample size. Despite these limitations, the study contributes significantly to understanding PAM and PH, emphasizing the need for larger prospective studies to validate findings and explore novel therapeutic avenues.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Doenças Genéticas Inatas , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Pneumopatias , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Alvéolos Pulmonares
20.
BMC Res Notes ; 17(1): 91, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmentally acquired opportunistic pathogens that can cause recalcitrant lung disease. Prior reports have demonstrated links between shower use and infections, yet the aerosolization of NTM from showerheads, as well as the humidity levels that may modulate NTM aerosolization from showerheads is less studied. The objective of the current study was to investigate the role of humidity in NTM aerosolization among showers in homes located in a geographic area with high lung disease incidence, Hawai'i, and test whether deployment of a dehumidifier in well-ventilated bathrooms reduce NTM exposure. RESULTS: Across two sampling events and five showers, existing NTM showerhead biofilms along with shower air were sampled at three points: pre-shower, post-shower, and post-dehumidification. In each of the sampling events, respiratory relevant NTM species were identified from shower biofilms, which were also detected in aerosolized shower air after showering events, but not after the shower was dehumidified and bathrooms vented. While sample size was small, these data suggest running a shower is a possible source of NTM aerosolization and using a commercial household dehumidifier in conjunction with opening bathroom doors and windows may be simple, cost-effective interventions to reduce environmental NTM exposures.


Assuntos
Pneumopatias , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas , Humanos , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas , Havaí , Biofilmes , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/microbiologia
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