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3.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 41(2): 215-222, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388117

RESUMO

Critical analysis of the medical literature and an evidence-based approach to clinical practice and medical decision-making is of vital importance in contemporary podiatric practice. This article reviews the levels of clinical evidence and their application within this paradigm. This includes determining which level of evidence is most appropriate for a given methodology, as well as an appreciation of inherent limitations within each level of evidence. The article concludes with a discussion on the difference between statistical significance and clinical significance.


Assuntos
Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Podiatria , Humanos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos
4.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 41(2): 367-377, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388133

RESUMO

Teaching science to the next generation begins with foundations laid in podiatric medical school. Interest and immersion in research continues to develop through residency as trainees prepare for cases, participate in journal clubs, present posters and articles, and attend conferences. Having adequate training is essential to production of quality research. Although challenges and barriers exist, numerous resources are available at all levels of practice to guide those who are interested in contributing to the body of literature that supports the profession. Ensuring a robust pipeline of future clinician scientists is critical to the future of the profession.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Podiatria , Humanos , Podiatria/educação
5.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 41(2): 233-238, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388119

RESUMO

Treating patients in clinic can be busy and stressful; however, utilization of well-planned strategic workflows that include the proper information for research studies can result in daily prospective data collection that will be subsequently amenable to retrospective analysis.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Podiatria , Fluxo de Trabalho , Coleta de Dados
6.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 41(2): 247-257, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388121

RESUMO

Evidence-based research is essential to improving podiatric medicine and surgery; however, there are many barriers to conducting research, with a major limitation being lack of research funding. There are various grants and funding sources available to podiatric surgeon scientists, but navigating through the resources can be daunting. In this article, we provide a framework for grant writing and funding opportunities for podiatric surgeons to consider.


Assuntos
Organização do Financiamento , Podiatria
7.
Clin Podiatr Med Surg ; 41(2): 343-349, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388130

RESUMO

In 1992, I completed a 9-year dual-degree program where I received both my DPM degree and a PhD in Bioengineering. Upon my graduation, it was apparent that "Industry" had an interest in me. Sponsored research and consulting opportunities where readily available, and I had to learn very quickly to sort the scientific from the sham, and the clinically worthwhile from the worthless. Partnering with Industry has provided me with another avenue to advance my profession, while helping to develop new treatment options that can potentially help many more patients then just the ones I see in my office.


Assuntos
Indústrias , Podiatria , Parcerias Público-Privadas
8.
J Dermatol ; 51(1): 30-39, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37904622

RESUMO

Dermatomycosis, including tinea pedis and onychomycosis, is frequently encountered in routine medical care in Japan. Identifying the risk factors for tinea pedis and onychomycosis development is important to encourage hospital visits by patients who may have these diseases but who are not undergoing any treatment. This approach may lead to the prevention of disease progression and the spread of infections to others. Risk factors for onychomycosis development have been reported both in and outside of Japan. However, most of the risk factors were identified based on a multicenter, questionnaire survey study and included evidence obtained from unclear or inconsistent diagnostic criteria for tinea pedis, onychomycosis, and identified risk factors. The current study analyzed the risk factors for developing tinea pedis and onychomycosis in real-world practice in Japan using a single-center, large-scale database that included the data of patients managed with consistent diagnostic criteria at the Podiatry Center of Juntendo University Hospital. A total of 2476 patients (1012 males, 1464 females) with a mean age of 63.4 years were included. Among these patients, 337 (13.6%) had tinea pedis and 346 (14.0%) had onychomycosis. A total of 259 patients (~ 75% of each patient population) had both diseases concomitantly. Multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for the possible risk factors of age (per 10 years), sex, diabetes, dialysis, visual impairment, ulcer history, lower-limb ischemia (LLI), and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) revealed that advanced age, male sex, diabetes, and LLI were independent risk factors for the development of tinea pedis. In addition, DPN was an independent risk factor for developing onychomycosis. We believe that these data are useful for identifying patients who are at high risk of developing tinea pedis and onychomycosis, which may result in disease prevention and suppression in real-world clinical practice in Japan.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Onicomicose , Podiatria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Criança , Tinha dos Pés/epidemiologia , Tinha dos Pés/etiologia , Onicomicose/epidemiologia , Onicomicose/etiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 309: 292-293, 2023 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37869860

RESUMO

Presently telemedicine in podiatry is in its nascent development phase. Current exploratory work indicates that a comprehensive set of guidelines regarding telemedicine in podiatry is necessary. Stakeholders have put forward multiple factors to be considered while developing guidelines to devise a sustainable service.


Assuntos
Podiatria , Telemedicina
11.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 23(1): 1157, 2023 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37884981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International evidence suggests that an integrated multidisciplinary approach to diabetic foot management is necessary to prevent ulceration and progression to amputation. Many health systems have introduced policies or models of care supporting the introduction of this evidence into practice, but little is known about the experiences of those involved in implementation. This study addresses this gap by examining the experiences of podiatrists providing integrated diabetic foot care. METHODS: Between October 2017 and April 2018, an online survey comprising closed and open-ended questions on podiatrists' demographics, clinical activity, links with other services, continuous professional development activities and experiences of implementing the Model of Care was administered to podiatrists (n = 73) working for Ireland's Health Service Executive in the community and hospital setting. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The response rate was 68% (n = 50), with 46% (n = 23), 38% (n = 19) and 16% (n = 8) working across hospital, community and both settings, respectively. Most reported treating high-risk patients (66%), those with active foot disease (61%) and educating people about the risk of diabetes to the lower limb (80%). Reported challenges towards integrated diabetic foot care include a perceived lack of awareness of the role of podiatry amongst other healthcare professionals, poor integration between hospital and community podiatry services, especially where new services had been developed, and insufficient number of podiatrists to meet service demands. CONCLUSION: Previous evidence has shown that there is often a gap between what is set out by a policy and what it looks like when delivered to service users. Results from the current study support this, highlighting that while most podiatrists work in line with national recommendations, there are specific gaps and challenges that need to be addressed to ensure successful policy implementation.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Pé Diabético , Doenças do Pé , Podiatria , Humanos , Pé Diabético/epidemiologia , Pé Diabético/prevenção & controle , Irlanda/epidemiologia , Doenças do Pé/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Foot (Edinb) ; 57: 101964, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37865068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Foot health (podiatric) services remain inaccessible in many primary healthcare clinics across South Africa. As first-line contact practitioners at primary health care clinics, nurses manage all patients, including those presenting with foot pathologies. Anecdotal evidence suggests that nurses have challenges and are limited in their capability to assess the foot. In most cases, they do not assess the foot as part of the routine patient assessment. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the challenges nurses face in managing patients presenting with foot pathologies at primary healthcare clinics. METHODS: The study used a qualitative design to explore nurses' challenges in managing patients presenting with foot complaints. A purposive sampling strategy was used to select participants from primary health care clinics in Johannesburg to participate in a focus group discussion. Data were analysed using Giorgi's qualitative thematic analysis to reveal themes based on similarities and relationships between the collected data. RESULTS: Six PHC nurses participated in the focus group discussion. Participants confirmed challenges in managing patients presenting with foot pathologies. These include poor guidelines, limited training, consultation times, and a lack of defined referral pathways for patients with foot pathologies. Nurses indicated that due to challenges at the PHC level, foot assessment is not a mandatory part of patient assessment. All participants agreed on the need for structured foot health services. CONCLUSION: Primary healthcare nurses have challenges in managing patients with foot pathologies. There is a need for structured foot health services and training for nurses to coordinate care for this patient group effectively. Further studies should establish the need and demand for podiatric services to distribute the limited podiatry resources equitably, such as placement of podiatrists at community healthcare centres which serve as the first referral point for primary healthcare clinics.


Assuntos
Podiatria , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , África do Sul , Grupos Focais , Atenção Primária à Saúde
13.
J Foot Ankle Res ; 16(1): 61, 2023 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37715274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Podiatrists' earnings have an important influence on workforce dynamics. This includes the profession's ability to attract and retain workers so the population's healthcare needs can be met. This study aimed to describe financial characteristics of podiatry work and factors relating to a sense of financial security. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study using data from Victorian podiatrists who participated in Wave 1 of the Podiatrists in Australia: Investigating Graduate Employment (PAIGE) survey. Demographic and financial characteristics were described. The outcome measure, financial security, was collected through a self-reported belief based on current financial situation and prospects, respondents' perception of having enough income to live on when they retire. Univariate logistic regression was used to determine associations with rural or metropolitan practice locations. Multiple ordered logistic regression was performed to explore associations between factors relating to financial security and retirement prospects. RESULTS: There were 286 Victorian podiatrist (18% of n = 1,585 Victorian podiatrists) respondents. Of these, 206 (72% of n = 286) identified as female, 169 (59% of 286) worked in the private sector and the mean (SD) age was 33.4 (9.5) years. The mean (SD) annual gross income was $79,194 ($45,651) AUD, and 243 (87% of 279) made regular superannuation contributions. Multiple ordered logistic regression analyses identified factors associated with podiatrists' perception of having adequate retirement income. These included being an owner/partner of their main workplace (adj OR = 2.70, 95% CI = 1.49-4.76), growing up in a rural location (adj OR = 2.27, 95% CI = 1.38-3.70), perceiving a moderate overall health rating (adj OR = 2.03 95% CI = 1.51-2.75), not having financial debt related to education and training (adj OR = 2.02, 95% CI = 1.24-3.32) and regular contributions to a superannuation scheme (adj OR = 4.76, 95% CI = 2.27-10.00). CONCLUSION: This is the first known study to explore podiatrists' earnings and perceptions regarding financial security. Findings suggest modifiable ways to improve financial security of podiatrists including support and education about personal and business finances including debt management, understanding the importance of contributions to superannuation when self-employed, and developing skills and supports for podiatrists to run their own businesses. This research is exploratory and is relevant for understanding the impact that income and financial security have on workforce dynamics.


Assuntos
Podiatria , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Vitória , Estudos Transversais , Emprego , Escolaridade
15.
Australas J Dermatol ; 64(4): e357-e360, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37724606

RESUMO

Reconstruction of surgical defects after wide local excision of acral melanoma on the sole should allow patients to walk and bear weight. Moreover, certain options such as local transposition flaps can compromise follow-up. We present a case series of surgical defects on weight-bearing areas of the sole reconstructed using a synthetic dermal matrix and a split-thickness skin graft. This approach prevents surrounding tissue displacement and results in good functional outcomes assessed by baropodometry and computer-based podoscopy.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Podiatria , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Transplante de Pele , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Melanoma/cirurgia
16.
J Foot Ankle Res ; 16(1): 51, 2023 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37598187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Undergraduate podiatry degrees are designed to enable students to become professional podiatrists. To be successful students must manage academic and practical activity to ultimately acquire a professional identity. Little is known about the practices and processes which underpin the acquisition of a professional podiatry identity. It is the aim of this paper to begin to address this absence of knowledge. Community of Practice theory, arguably the dominant contemporary learning theory, represents identity shift as an interaction of imagination, engagement and alignment which enables students to successfully participate in higher education, and ultimately, the professional context. This success is underpinned through assisting students to develop an enabling identity in their learning and doing. METHODS: Here we present findings that emerged from a yearlong ethnography in a successful higher education podiatry department. The project followed students and staff in the classroom and the clinic and explored their experiences through interviews. RESULTS: The findings suggest that the journey to professional identity is facilitated through meaningful learning relationships between staff and students and clarity around professional practices. Here we discuss how those relationships form and enable undergraduates to become podiatrists. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings offer a model for the transition from student to professional and highlight the importance of relationship and experience in becoming a podiatrist. There is a paucity of research around not only podiatry but also other allied health professions around this topic and given the increasing emphasis around employability skills in HE, more research in a range of contexts is needed.


Assuntos
Podiatria , Estudantes , Humanos , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Prática Profissional
17.
J Foot Ankle Res ; 16(1): 46, 2023 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37525280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the dynamics of the podiatry workforce is essential for the sustainability of the profession. This study aimed to describe the podiatry workforce characteristics and identify factors associated with rural practice location. METHODS: We used an exploratory descriptive design from data obtained during cross sectional study: Podiatrists in Australia: Investigating Graduate Employment through four online surveys (2017-2020). Demographic and workplace characteristics including career development were described. Univariate logistic regressions were used to determine associations with rural or metropolitan practice location. RESULTS: Data were included from 1, 135 podiatrists (21% of n = 5,429). There were 716 (69% of n = 1,042) females, 724 (65% of n = 1,118) worked in the public health service and 574 (51% of 1,129) were salaried employees. There were 706 (87% of n = 816) podiatrists with access to paid annual leave and 592 (72% of n = 816) to paid sick leave. There were 87 (32% of n = 276) podiatrists who reported 51-75% of workload involved Medicare bulk-billed Chronic Disease Management plans, and 324 (74% of n = 436) not utilising telehealth. The majority of podiatrists (57% of n = 1,048) indicated their average consultation length was 21 -30 min, and patients typically waited < 3 days for an appointment (41% of n = 1,043). Univariate logistic regression identified podiatrists working in metropolitan settings have less years working in current location (OR = 0.98, 95% CI = 0.96, 0.99), less working locations (OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.86, 0.97), were less likely to have access to paid annual leave (OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.43, 0.98), and paid sick leave (OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.46, 0.95), shorter waiting periods for appointments (OR = 0.44, 95% CI 0.30, 0.64) and more likely to utilise telehealth within their practice (OR = 2.03, 95% CI 1.19, 3.50) than those in rural locations. CONCLUSION: These results provide insight into the profession uncommonly captured in workforce planning data. This included the number of working locations, billing practices and wait lists. This also highlights opportunities to promote rural training pathways, service integration to build attractive podiatry positions that are tailored to meet the needs of rural communities and solutions to make telehealth more accessible to podiatrists.


Assuntos
Podiatria , Serviços de Saúde Rural , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Austrália , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Recursos Humanos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37463187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Integrated medical curricula commonly require the review of foundational science concepts in the context of clinical applications. A detailed analysis of the Des Moines University second-year medical curricula revealed that such reviews, conducted as hours-long basic science lectures in second-year clinical systems courses, often create undesirable redundancy and can load the curriculum with excessively detailed content. We hypothesized that short, quiz-enhanced videocasts (QEVs) would allow a more focused and efficient review of foundational sciences than traditional lectures. METHODS: Five biochemistry lectures in the second year Des Moines University Doctor of Podiatric Medicine curriculum were reviewed for relevance and redundancy, shortened to 8- to 12-min QEVs and offered to students as an alternative to the respective hours-long lecture. RESULTS: Download data show that students chose content delivery by QEV as frequently as delivery of lectures, with QEV use peaking in the days immediately preceding the exam. Survey comments show that students appreciate the efficiency and flexibility of content delivery by QEV, particularly for focused exam preparation. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the review of foundational concepts by means of short, interactive videocasts can reduce redundant and excessively detailed content from integrated curricula. Although the faculty effort for context review, content selection, and videocast production is higher than for the design of a traditional lecture, the end product offers students a much-appreciated opportunity for efficient, focused, and individualized learning.


Assuntos
Podiatria , Humanos , Podiatria/educação , Currículo , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Avaliação Educacional
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37463188

RESUMO

Opioid treatment agreements are written agreements between physicians and patients that represent strategies enumerating the risks associated with opioid medications. These opioid treatment agreements set expectations and obligations, as well as identify responsibilities for both patient and prescriber for opioid therapy. Some critics assert that these agreements are cumbersome and degrade the patient once they enter into these agreements. A systemic literature search and review using the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) tool was used to find citations describing opioid treatment agreements and their use. Then eligible and appropriate citations were dissected and analyzed. Using the available federal and state opioid prescribing policies, best practice guidelines as well as positive aspects of reviewed literature citations and avoiding bias, degrading, or macroaggression language, a non-cumbersome opioid treatment agreement specific to podiatric medicine was created. A balance argument for the use of opioid treatment agreements to avoid opioid use disorder that is grounded in clinical literature and commentaries are presented. A one-page sensible opioid treatment agreement specific to podiatric medicine, which is similar to more complex cumbersome ones that are found in the literature, and that may be used as part of any podiatric procedural or surgical inform consent, was created and is presented for review. The perception of defending opioid treatment agreements as documents of disclosure to assist patients in their autonomy was offered. Building on the systemic review findings and concept of using elements of disclosure, a model for an analgesic treatment as a one-page informational document to enhance podiatric physicians to create a specific individual analgesic treatment agreement mirroring the scope of podiatric practices that can be incorporated into procedural and surgical inform consent documents was offered.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Médicos , Podiatria , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica
20.
J Foot Ankle Res ; 16(1): 41, 2023 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37400869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The UK medicines legislation was amended ten years ago (2013) to allow podiatrists and physiotherapists independent prescribing rights, the first of the allied health professions to do so. Non-medical prescribing formed one part of a broader policy agenda promoting role flexibility in response to the challenge of an ageing population and the need to maintain effective health provision in the face of a contracting workforce. AIM: The aim of this study was to outline the experiences of the Department of Health AHP medicines project board team in working towards independent prescribing for podiatry and physiotherapy, with a particular focus on the challenges encountered. METHODS: In depth, open-ended interviews were conducted with eight of the core members of the project team, drawn from those individuals who served throughout the duration of the project (2010-2013). Included were the former Department of Health Chief and Deputy Chief Allied Health Professions Officers; the Department of Health Engagement and Communications Officer; representatives of the Health and Care Professions Council; the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency; the Council of Deans of Health; the Royal College of Podiatry and the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (The team also included the representative of the Allied Health Professions Federation. However, as that representative is also a researcher in this study, he has recused himself from any role as a participant.). Data were transcribed and subject to a thematic analysis. RESULTS: A complex picture of the project emerged revealing a range of obstacles and challenges, including inter-professional role boundary tensions and negative prior assumptions about the two professions. Success hinged upon the adoption of a dual strategy involving submission of a robust case of need focused on patient benefit coupled with the careful management of professional expectations. Underpinning theory from the sociology of the professions offers a supportive explanatory framework for understanding the relationships between the various stakeholders involved. CONCLUSIONS: Ultimately, success depended upon aligning the project aims with healthcare policy through a clear focus on patient benefit. Balancing competing professional and policy demands through a continual emphasis on improved patient care laid the foundations for future projects by other allied health professions.


Assuntos
Fisioterapeutas , Podiatria , Masculino , Humanos , Atenção à Saúde , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde , Reino Unido
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