Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 378
Filtrar
1.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 71(10)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596505

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, short-rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain CBS1P-1T, was isolated from a surface-sterilized bark of Aegiceras corniculatum. Growth of strain CBS1P-1T was observed with between 0 and 12.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally with 5.0 %) and at between pH 6.0-9.0. It grew at temperatures between 25-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C). Chemotaxonomic analysis showed that ubiquinone-10 was the respiratory quinone. The lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified glycolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified aminolipid. The major fatty acids of strain CBS1P-1T were C18 : 1 ω7c, C16 : 0 and C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CBS1P-1T was most related to Pseudooceanicola antarcticus CGMCC 1.12662T with a sequence similarity of 96.5 %. The average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain CBS1P-1T and P. antarcticus 1.12662T were 77.5 and 21.1 %, respectively. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 67.3 mol%. Based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic data, strain CBS1P-1T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pseudooceanicola, for which the name Pseudooceanicola endophyticus is proposed. The type strain is CBS1P-1T (=KCTC 62836T=CGMCC 1.13743T).


Assuntos
Primulaceae , Rhodobacteraceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Filogenia , Casca de Planta , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
2.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 114(10): 1565-1574, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346001

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, non-motile, endospore-forming, rod-shaped and aerobic bacterium was isolated from surface-sterilized branch of Aegiceras corniculatum in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. The isolate, designated strain 165T, grew at 20-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 6.0-7.0 (optimum, 6.0) and with 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1 %). The major respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the cell-wall peptidoglycan contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. The polar lipids comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified phospholipid and an unidentified glycolipid. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0. On the basis of 16 S rRNA gene sequence and multiple genes of conserved core proteins analysis, strain 165T was a member of the genus Ectobacillus. Its closest phylogenetic neighbor was Ectobacillus panaciterrae Gsoil 1517T, with sequence similarity of 97.1 %. The average nucleotide identity value between strain 165T and type strain of Ectobacillus panaciterrae was 73.0 %. The estimated DDH value between strain 165T and type strain of Ectobacillus panaciterrae was 19.7 %. The genome of strain 165T was 3, 545, 051 bp long with a DNA G + C content of 38.2 % and encodes 3459 predicted proteins, 25 rRNAs, 87 tRNAs and 5 ncRNA. The genome of strain 165T comprised gene clusters of type 3 PKS, terpene, betalactone and lanthipeptide-class-ii for secondary metabolites. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses supported the strain 165T as a representative of a novel species of the genus Ectobacillus, for which the name Ectobacillus aegiceratis sp. nov. is proposed, with strain 165T (= JCM 33,414T = CGMCC 1.13742T) as the type strain.


Assuntos
Fosfolipídeos , Primulaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
3.
Phytomedicine ; 91: 153677, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333329

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: M. pumilum has been claimed to protect the bone against the adverse effect of estrogen deficiency. Additionally, it also exhibits anti-diabetic activity. In view of these, this study aims to identify the mechanisms underlying the bone protective effect of M. pumilum in the presence of both estrogen deficiency and diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: Ovariectomized, diabetic female rats were given M. pumilum leave aqueous extract (MPLA) (50 and 100 mg/kg/day), estrogen, glibenclamide and estrogen plus glibenclamide for 28 consecutive days. At the end of the treatment, fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum insulin, Ca2+, PO43- and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) levels were measured. Rats were sacrificed and femur bones were harvested for determination of expression level and distribution of RANK, RANKL, OPG and oxidative stress and inflammatory proteins by molecular biological techniques. RESULTS: 100 mg/kg/day MPLA treatment decreased the FBG and BALP levels but increased the serum insulin, Ca2+ and PO43- levels in estrogen deficient, diabetic rats. Expression and distribution of RANKL, NF-κB p65, IKKß, IL-6, IL-1ß and Keap-1 decreased however expression and distribution of RANK, OPG, BMP-2, Type-1 collagen, Runx2, TRAF6, Nrf2, NQO-1, HO-1, SOD and CAT increased in the bone of estrogen deficient, diabetic rats which received 100 mg/kg/day MPLA with greater effects than estrogen-only, glibenclamide-only and estrogen plus glibenclamide treatments. CONCLUSION: MPLA helps to overcome the adverse effect of estrogen deficiency and DM on the bone and thus this herb could potentially be used for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with diabetes.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Primulaceae/química , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Estrogênios , Feminino , Inflamação , Osteoprotegerina/metabolismo , Ovariectomia , Estresse Oxidativo , Folhas de Planta/química , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor Ativador de Fator Nuclear kappa-B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
4.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 296(6): 1235-1247, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363105

RESUMO

Lineage-specific genes (LSGs) are the genes that have no recognizable homology to any sequences in other species, which are important drivers for the generation of new functions, phenotypic changes, and facilitating species adaptation to environment. Aegiceras corniculatum is one of major mangrove plant species adapted to waterlogging and saline conditions, and the exploration of aegiceras-specific genes (ASGs) is important to reveal its adaptation to the harsh environment. Here, we performed a systematic analysis on ASGs, focusing on their sequence characterization, origination and expression patterns. Our results reveal that there are 4823 ASGs in the genome, approximately 11.84% of all protein-coding genes. High proportion (45.78%) of ASGs originate from gene duplication, and the time of gene duplication of ASGs is consistent with the timing of two genome-wide replication (WGD) events that occurred in A. corniculatum, and also coincides with a short period of global warming during the Paleocene-Eocene Maximum (PETM, 55.5 million years ago). Gene structure analysis showed that ASGs have shorter protein lengths, fewer exons, and higher isoelectric point. Expression patterns analysis showed that ASGs had low levels of expression and more tissue-specific expression. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) revealed that 86 ASGs co-expressed gene modules were primarily involved in pathways related to adversity stress, including plant hormone signal transduction, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, photosynthesis, peroxisome and pentose phosphate pathway. This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the characteristics and potential functions of ASGs and identifies key candidate genes, which will contribute to the subsequent further investigation of the adaptation of A. corniculatum to intertidal coastal wetland habitats.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Linhagem da Célula/genética , Duplicação Gênica/genética , Primulaceae/genética , Primulaceae/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma de Planta/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Áreas Alagadas
5.
Vet Parasitol ; 296: 109461, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214945

RESUMO

Lysimachia ramosa has been used as a traditional medicine among the tribal population of Meghalaya, northeast India, for the control of helminthosis. The anthelmintic efficacy of L. ramosa has been documented earlier. In the present study, the active compound from L. ramosa has been isolated and identified using mass and NMR spectra. It's in vitro anthelmintic activity was evaluated against Raillietina echinobothrida, one of the most pathogenic cestode of domestic fowl. The isolated active compound was characterized to be a kaempferol derivative which showed potent anthelmintic activity against R. echinobothrida by changing surface ultrastructure and also inhibiting the activity of two neurotransmitter enzymes: acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS), both of which are known to perform dynamic roles in the intracellular communication mediated through neuromuscular system. Motility reduction, deformation in the surface architecture, extensive ultrastructural alterations and reduced histochemical stain intensity in both AChE and NOS was observed in the treated parasites. Biochemical result also revealed alteration in the enzyme activities in the treated parasites. Further, depletion in the nitric oxide (NO) production in the bioactive component exposed tissues of R. echinobothrida was also detected. The results provided evidence that the bioactive compound could be further explored to control helminthosis at a large scale.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase , Cestoides , Quempferóis , Óxido Nítrico Sintase , Primulaceae , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Cestoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Cestoides/enzimologia , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Quempferóis/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Primulaceae/química
6.
Phytochemistry ; 189: 112827, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34146990

RESUMO

Two undescribed anthocyanins and two undescribed flavonols were isolated from the flowers of Primula ×polyantha Mill., along with five known anthocyanins and four known flavonols. The two undescribed anthocyanins and the two undescribed flavonols were determined to be hirsutidin 3-O-ß-galactopyranoside-5-O-ß-glucopyranoside, 7-O-methyl-petunidin 3-O-ß-galactopyranoside-5-O-ß-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-ß-[(6""-acetylglucopyranosyl)-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-glucopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 6)-ß-glucopyranoside], and kaempferol 3-O-ß-[(6""-acetylglucopyranosyl)-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-glucopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 6)-ß-glucopyranoside] using chemical and spectroscopic methods. They were also found in the flowers of the Himalayan wild species, Primula primulina (Spreng.) H. Hara except for quercetin 3-O-ß-[(6""-acetylglucopyranosyl)-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-glucopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 6)-ß-glucopyranoside]. The flower color variations of P. ×polyantha cultivars, reflected by the hue values (b*/a*) of the colors, were due to the glycosidic patterns in the anthocyanins and their concentrations in the petals. Moreover, in the P. ×polyantha cultivars with violet-blue flowers, both the intermolecular copigmentation occurs between hirsutidin 3-O-ß-galactopyranoside-5-O-ß-glucopyranoside and another flavonol, quercetin 3-O-ß-glucopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 2)-ß-glucopyranosyl-(1 â†’ 6)-ß-glucopyranoside. Moreover, the flower color variation was affected by the pH value.


Assuntos
Primula , Primulaceae , Antocianinas , Flavonoides , Flores
7.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072168

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate whether the in vitro-cultured L. pumila var. alata has higher antioxidant activity than its wild plant. An 8-week-old L. pumila var. alata nodal segment and leaf explants were cultured onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various cytokinins (zeatin, kinetin, and 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP)) for shoot multiplication and auxins (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and picloram) for callus induction, respectively. The results showed that 2 mg/L zeatin produced the optimal results for shoot and leaf development, and 0.5 mg/L 2,4-D produced the highest callus induction results (60%). After this, 0.5 mg/L 2,4-D was combined with 0.25 mg/L cytokinins and supplemented to the MS medium. The optimal results for callus induction (100%) with yellowish to greenish and compact texture were obtained using 0.5 mg/L 2,4-D combined with 0.25 mg/L zeatin. Leaves obtained from in vitro plantlets and wild plants as well as callus were extracted and analyzed for their antioxidant activities (DPPH and FRAP methods) and polyphenolic properties (total flavonoid and total phenolic content). When compared with leaf extracts of in vitro plantlets and wild plants of L. pumila var. alata, the callus extract displayed significantly higher antioxidant activities and total phenolic and flavonoid content. Hence, callus culture potentially can be adapted for antioxidant and polyphenolic production to satisfy pharmaceutical and nutraceutical needs while conserving wild L. pumila var. alata.


Assuntos
Calo Ósseo/efeitos dos fármacos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Polifenóis/química , Primulaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido 2,4-Diclorofenoxiacético/química , Antioxidantes/química , Compostos de Benzil/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Meios de Cultura , Suplementos Nutricionais , Flavonoides/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Cinetina/química , Fenol/química , Picloram/química , Picratos/química , Folhas de Planta , Proteínas de Plantas , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Purinas/química , Zeatina/química
8.
New Phytol ; 231(6): 2346-2358, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115401

RESUMO

Mangroves have colonised extreme intertidal environments characterised by high salinity, hypoxia and other abiotic stresses. Aegiceras corniculatum, a pioneer mangrove species that has evolved two specialised adaptive traits (salt secretion and crypto-vivipary) is an attractive ecological model to investigate molecular mechanisms underlying adaptation to intertidal environments. We assembled de novo a high-quality reference genome of A. corniculatum and performed comparative genomic and transcriptomic analyses to investigate molecular mechanisms underlying adaptation to intertidal environments. We provide evidence that A. corniculatum experienced a whole-genome duplication (WGD) event c. 35 Ma. We infer that maintenance of cellular environmental homeostasis is an important adaptive process in A. corniculatum. The 14-3-3 and H+ -ATPase protein-coding genes, essential for the salt homeostasis, were preferentially retained after the recent WGD event. Using comparative transcriptomics, we show that genes upregulated under high-salt conditions are involved in salt transport and ROS scavenging. We also found that all homologues of DELAY OF GERMINATION1 (DOG1) had lost their heme-binding ability in A. corniculatum, and that this may contribute to crypto-vivipary. Our study provides insight into the genomic correlates of phenotypic adaptation to intertidal environments. This could contribute not only within the genomics community, but also to the field of plant evolution.


Assuntos
Primulaceae , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Primulaceae/genética , Salinidade , Estresse Fisiológico
9.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 258, 2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dionysia tapetodes, a small cushion-forming mountainous evergreen in the Primulaceae, possesses a vast surface-covering of long silky fibres forming the characteristic "woolly" farina. This contrasts with some related Primula which instead form a fine powder. Farina is formed by specialized cellular factories, a type of glandular trichome, but the precise composition of the fibres and how it exits the cell is poorly understood. Here, using a combination of cell biology (electron and light microscopy) and analytical chemical techniques, we present the principal chemical components of the wool and its mechanism of exit from the glandular trichome. RESULTS: We show the woolly farina consists of micron-diameter fibres formed from a mixture of flavone and substituted flavone derivatives. This contrasts with the powdery farina, consisting almost entirely of flavone. The woolly farina in D. tapetodes is extruded through specific sites at the surface of the trichome's glandular head cell, characterised by a small complete gap in the plasma membrane, cell wall and cuticle and forming a tight seal between the fibre and hole. The data is consistent with formation and thread elongation occurring from within the cell. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest the composition of the D. tapetodes farina dictates its formation as wool rather than powder, consistent with a model of thread integrity relying on intermolecular H-bonding. Glandular trichomes produce multiple wool fibres by concentrating and maintaining their extrusion at specific sites at the cell cortex of the head cell. As the wool is extensive across the plant, there may be associated selection pressures attributed to living at high altitudes.


Assuntos
Flavonas/análise , Primulaceae/ultraestrutura , Tricomas/ultraestrutura , Microscopia , Microscopia Eletrônica , Primulaceae/química
10.
Curr Microbiol ; 78(7): 2828-2837, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34021370

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, motile, short rod-shaped bacterium designated BGMRC 6574T was isolated from stems of Aegiceras corniculatum collected from Hainan province, China. The strain grew at 25-37 °C (optimal at 28 °C), pH 5.0-10.0 (pH 7.0), and 3-8% (w/v) NaCl (3%). Based on the 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis, the strain was closely related to Pararhizobium haloflavum MCCC 1K03228T (96.45% sequence similarity). The novel strain showed an average nucleotide identity value and a digital DNA-DNA hybridization of 72.62 and 27.1%, respectively, to P. haloflavum MCCC 1K03228T based on draft genome sequences. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 64.7 mol%. The major respiratory quinone was Q-10. The strain possessed genes putatively encoding choline uptake and conversion to betaine gene clusters. The extract significantly delayed the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans compared to the control (P < 0.05). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylcholine, seven unidentified phospholipids, three unidentified ninhydrin-positive phospholipids, and two unidentified lipids. The major cellular fatty acid was C19:0 cyclo ω8c. The results of a polyphasic taxonomic study showed that strain BGMRC 6574T represents a new species of the genus Pararhizobium, and it was named Pararhizobium mangrovi sp. nov. The type strain is BGMRC 6574T (=KCTC 72636T = CGMCC 1.16783).


Assuntos
Fosfolipídeos , Primulaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhizobiaceae , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957357

RESUMO

Previous research has demonstrated that Herba Lysimachiae (HL) exerts the dual effects on platelet aggregation in the synovium, which may contribute to its protection against synovial lesions under different situations. However, the mechanism is unclear. In the present experiment, a biolabel research based on metabonomics was used to mine the information about the intervention of HL on synovium at the metabolite level, which may help to analyze the regulation of HL on synovial platelet aggregation and its possible treatment in synovial diseases. Synovial metabolic profiling was analyzed using a Shimadzu Nexera UHPLC LC-30A system and an AB SCIEX Triple TOF 4600 mass spectrometer. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to verify the biolabels analysis results in the healthy and osteoarthritis rats. Totally, thirteen common metabolites were differentially expressed after treating with HL, and implicated in 2 key pathways (arachidonic acid metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism). ELISA showed that HL regulated the expression of prostaglandins E1 and E2 in synovial tissues of the healthy and osteoarthritis rats. This study reveals that HL may regulate synovial platelet aggregation through prostaglandin E1/E2. Additionally, HL is suitable for treating synovial diseases, especially osteoarthritis, which may be associated with platelet aggregation, apoptosis, inflammation, angiogenesis, and carcinogenesis processes.


Assuntos
Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Primulaceae , Prostaglandinas/metabolismo , Animais , Masculino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolômica , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Membrana Sinovial/metabolismo
12.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0247290, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657137

RESUMO

Impacts of climate change can differ substantially across species' geographic ranges, and impacts on a given population can be difficult to predict accurately. A commonly used approximation for the impacts of climate change on the population growth rate is the product of local changes in each climate variable (which may differ among populations) and the sensitivity (the derivative of the population growth rate with respect to that climate variable), summed across climate variables. However, this approximation may not be accurate for predicting changes in population growth rate across geographic ranges, because the sensitivities to climate variables or the rate of climate change may differ among populations. In addition, while this approximation assumes a linear response of population growth rate to climate, population growth rate is typically a nonlinear function of climate variables. Here, we use climate-driven integral projection models combined with projections of future climate to predict changes in population growth rate from 2008 to 2099 for an uncommon alpine plant species, Douglasia alaskana, in a rapidly warming location, southcentral Alaska USA. We dissect the causes of among-population variation in climate change impacts, including magnitude of climate change in each population and nonlinearities in population response to climate change. We show that much of the variation in climate change impacts across D. alaskana's range arises from nonlinearities in population response to climate. Our results highlight the critical role of nonlinear responses to climate change impacts, suggesting that current responses to increases in temperature or changes in precipitation may not continue indefinitely under continued changes in climate. Further, our results suggest the degree of nonlinearity in climate responses and the shape of responses (e.g., convex or concave) can differ substantially across populations, such that populations may differ dramatically in responses to future climate even when their current responses are quite similar.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Modelos Biológicos , Primulaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alaska
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1128-1133, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787106

RESUMO

On the basis of the previous work of the research group, the orthogonal design method was further used to optimize the processing technology for reducing toxicity of fried Tripterygium wilfordii in Lysimachia christinae Decoction. A total of 9 processed products of T.wilfordii in L.christinae decoction were prepared by four factors and three levels orthogonal design table. The contents of triptolide in T.wilfordii were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) before and after processing: 4.27, 3.92, 3.57, 2.75, 2.42, 2.66, 3.51, 1.87, 1.75, 2.03 µg·g~(-1). On this basis, the above processed products were orally given to mice for 28 days. 12 hours after the last administration, food fasting except water was provided, and 24 hours later, the eyeballs were taken for blood and liver tissue. Serum biochemical indexes, liver lipid peroxidation and antioxidant related indexes were detected by kit method. Twenty-eight days after oral administration of raw T.wilfordii, the levels of serum alanine aminotransferase(AST), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and liver malondialdehyde(MDA) in mice increased by 91%(P<0.01), 46%(P<0.05), 73%(P<0.01) and 99%(P<0.01), while the liver antioxidant indexes such as superoxide dismutase(SOD), glutathione(GSH), glutathione peroxidase(GPX) and glutathione-S transferase(GST) significantly decreased(P<0.01). After administration of the processed products, the above indexes were significantly reversed(P<0.01 or P<0.05). Especially, the processing conditions of A_3B_2C_1D_3 had the best detoxification effect on T.wilfordii, which decreased the high levels of AST, ALT, ALP and MDA by 49%(P<0.01), 32%(P<0.01), 42%(P<0.01), and 17%(P<0.05). Therefore, the best processing conditions for T.wilfordii in L.christinae decoction were A_3B_2C_1D_3, namely "15% mass fraction of L.christinae, 1 h moistening time, 160 ℃ frying temperature, and 9 min frying time".


Assuntos
Primulaceae , Tripterygium , Animais , Antioxidantes , Fígado , Camundongos , Tecnologia
14.
Phytochemistry ; 186: 112732, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761377

RESUMO

Herein, the results of the first study of non-flavonoid constituents of aboveground surface-wax washings of Primula veris L. (Primulaceae) are presented. Chromatography of the washings yielded a minor fraction composed of n-, iso-, and anteiso-series of long-chained syn-1-phenylalkane-1,3-diyl diacetates, 3-oxo-1-phenylalkan-1-yl acetates, 1-phenylalkane-1,3-diones, 1-hydroxy-1-phenylalkan-3-ones, sec-alcohols (2- to 10-alkanols), and n-, iso-, anteiso-, 2-methylalkanoic and 3-methylalkanoic acids; 118 of these constituents represent up to now unreported natural compounds. The structural/stereochemical elucidation was accomplished by the synthesis of authentic standards, derivatization reactions, the use of gas chromatographic retention data and detailed 1D and 2D-NMR analyses of the obtained complex chromatographic fraction. Primula veris produces unusually high amounts of branched long-chained metabolites (>60%) except for the fatty acids where the percentage of branched isomers is comparable to the ones with n-chains. Noteworthy is the fact that long-chained α- and ß-methyl substituted fatty acids were detected herein for the first time in the kingdom Plantae.


Assuntos
Primula , Primulaceae , Álcoois , Cromatografia Gasosa , Ácidos Graxos
15.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 59(10): 941-948, 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728454

RESUMO

Capilliposide B (CPS-B) and Capilliposide C (CPS-C), as the key components in Lysimachia capillipes Hemsl., increasingly aroused the interest and research concern of many researchers due to the good bioactivities. Nowadays, the reference standards of CPS-B and CPS-C yield were very limited. Due to the deficit of reference standards, the determination could be difficult to carry out, and the quality control and evaluation would be restrained afterwards. To solve this urgent problem, a quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) method was proposed and established based on high-performance liquid-chromatography tandem evaporative light-scattering detector. In this QAMS method, the content of the two bioactive components could be calculated by buddlejasaponin IV, which is applied as an external standard and readily obtained. And the methodological experiments were evaluated and indicated accuracy, stability and feasibility of this QAMS method. Therefore, in this study, this built method would properly meet the requirement of determination of CPS-B, CPS-C and quality control of the L. capillipes Hemsl. plant.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Primulaceae , Saponinas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Primulaceae/química , Saponinas/química
16.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 21(5): 1593-1607, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550674

RESUMO

Aegiceras corniculatum is a major mangrove plant species adapted to waterlogging and saline conditions, grows in the coastal intertidal zone of tropical and subtropical regions. Here, we present a chromosome-level genome assembly of A. corniculatum by incorporating PacBio long-read sequencing and Hi-C technology. The results showed that the PacBio draft genome size is 906.63 Mb. Hi-C scaffolding anchored 885.06 Mb contigs (97.62% of draft assembly) onto 24 pseudochromosomes. The contig N50 and scaffold N50 were 7.1 Mb and 37.74 Mb, respectively. Out of 40,727 protein-coding genes predicted in the study, 89% have functional annotations in public databases. We also showed that of the 603.93 Mb repetitive sequences predicted in the assembled genome, long terminal repeat retrotransposons constitute 41.52%. The genome evolution analysis showed that the A. corniculatum genome experienced two whole-genome duplication events and shared the ancient γ whole-genome triplication event. A comparative genomic analysis revealed an incidence of expansion in 1,488 gene families associated with essential metabolism and biosynthetic pathways, including photosynthesis, oxidative phosphorylation, phenylalanine, glyoxylate, dicarboxylate metabolism, and DNA replication, which probably constitute adaptation traits that allow the A. corniculatum to survive in the intertidal zone. Also, the systematic characterization of genes associated with flavonoid biosynthesis pathway and the AcNHX gene family conducted in this study will provide insight into the adaptation mechanism of A. corniculatum to intertidal environments. The high-quality genome reported here can provide historical insights into genomic transformations that support the survival of A. corniculatum under harsh intertidal habitats.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta , Primulaceae , Cromossomos de Plantas , Filogenia , Primulaceae/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tecnologia
17.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 44, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494735

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a liver disease caused by a nonalcoholic fatty liver, is increasing in incidence worldwide. Owing to the complexity of its pathogenic mechanisms, there are no therapeutic agents for this disease yet. The ideal drug for NASH needs to concurrently decrease hepatic lipid accumulation and exert anti-inflammatory, antifibrotic, and antioxidative effects in the liver. Because of their multipurpose therapeutic effects, we considered that medicinal herbs are suitable for treating patients with NASH. METHODS: We determined the efficacy of the alcoholic extract of Lysimachia vulgaris var. davurica (LV), an edible medicinal herb, for NASH treatment. For inducing NASH, C57BLKS/J lar-Leprdb/Leprdb (db/db) male mice were fed with a methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet ad libitum. After 3 weeks, the LV extract and a positive control (GFT505) were administered to mice by oral gavage for 3 weeks with a continued MCD diet as needed. RESULTS: In mice with diet-induced NASH, the LV extract could relieve the disease symptoms; that is, the extract ameliorated hepatic lipid accumulation and also showed antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. The LV extract also activated nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) expression, leading to the upregulation of antioxidants and detoxification signaling. Moreover, the extract presented remarkable efficacy in alleviating liver fibrosis compared with GFT505. This difference was caused by significant LV extract-mediated reduction in the mRNA expression of fibrotic genes like the alpha-smooth muscle actin and collagen type 3 alpha 1. Reduction of fibrotic genes may thus relate with the downregulation of transforming growth factor beta (TGFß)/Smad signaling by LV extract administration. CONCLUSIONS: Lipid accumulation and inflammatory responses in the liver were alleviated by feeding LV extract to NASH-induced mice. Moreover, the LV extract strongly prevented liver fibrosis by blocking TGFß/Smad signaling. Hence, LV showed sufficient potency for use as a therapeutic agent against NASH.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Primulaceae/química , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Colina/análise , Colina/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo III/genética , Colágeno Tipo III/metabolismo , Dieta , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Masculino , Metionina/análise , Metionina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo
18.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 32: 116001, 2021 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444847

RESUMO

Flavonoids are abundant in nature, structurally very diversified and largely investigated. However, the subgroup of 2'-hydroxyflavonoids is much less known and not frequently studied. The present review identifies the major naturally-occurring and synthetic 2'-hydroxyflavonoid derivatives and discusses their structural characteristics and biological properties, with a focus on anticancer activities. The pharmacological properties of 2'-hydroxyflavone (2'-HF) and 2'-hydroxyflavanone (2'-HFa) are detailed. Upon binding to the Ral-interacting protein Rlip implicated in the transport of glutathione conjugates, 2'-HFa inhibits tumor cell proliferation and restrict tumor growth, in particular in breast cancer models. Among the synthetic derivatives, the characteristics of the anticancer product 2D08 (2',3',4'-trihydroxy flavone) are detailed to shed light on the molecular mechanism of action of this compound, as a regulator of protein SUMOylation. Inhibition of protein SUMOylation by 2D08 blocks cancer cell migration and invasion, and the compound greatly enhances the anticancer effects of conventional cytotoxic drugs like etoposide. The structural role of the 2'-hydroxyl group on the phenyl C-ring of the flavonoid is discussed, notably the capacity to engage intramolecular H-bonding interactions with the O1 atom on the B-ring of the chromone unit (or the oxygen of a 3-OH group when it is presents). The 2'-hydroxyl group of flavonoid appears as a regulator of the conformational freedom between the bicyclic A-B unit and the appended phenyl C-ring, favoring the planarity of the molecule. It is an essential group accounting for the biological properties of 2'-HF, 2'-HFa and structurally related compounds. This review shed light on 2'-hydroxyflavonoids to encourage their use and chemical development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Citrus/química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Frutas/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Primulaceae/química
19.
Molecules ; 26(1)2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466302

RESUMO

Marantodes pumilum (MP) is a great source of herbal medicine used traditionally by both men and women for various purposes. MP may have potential wound-healing effects due to its diverse biological properties. An extensive study was conducted in a normal male rat model for determining the effects of MP var. pumila (MPvp) and var. alata (MPva) on the wound healing process. Here, 126 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided randomly into seven groups as follows: sham-operated (SH), vehicle dressing (VD), flavine dressing (FD), MPvp leaves (PL), MPvp roots (PR), MPva leaves (AL), and MPva roots (AR). The parameters studied were the percentage of wound contraction, histomorphology study by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E), Masson-Goldner trichrome (MGT), and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. In addition, the levels of enzymatic antioxidants and malondialdehyde were also measured in the wound tissue homogenates. Wounds treated with extracts (PL, PR, AL, and AR) showed significantly faster healing (p < 0.05) compared to untreated and control groups (SH, VD, and FD). Histological analysis among MP-treated groups revealed better re-epithelialization, higher collagen deposition, enhanced fibronectin content and fibroblast cells, and higher fiber transformation from collagen-III to collagen-I, accompanied with a significant surge in enzymatic antioxidant activities and a decline in lipid peroxidation. MP has antioxidant effects that may enhance wound healing in the rat model.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Primulaceae/química , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Malondialdeído/análise , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Pele/lesões
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 752: 142279, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207510

RESUMO

The present study compared the ecosystem organic carbon (OC) stocks and soil OC sources between two 12-year-old monospecific mangrove sites comprised of different species (Kandelia obovata in tree form and Aegiceras corniculatum in shrub form). We tested whether the carbon sequestration performance following rehabilitation varied with plantation of species in different forms and whether mangrove vegetation sequestrate OC more rapidly than soil pool. The results showed that mangrove rehabilitation increased the ecosystem OC stock relative to that of a non-vegetated bare flat. The accumulation of soil carbon was accompanied by increased soil total nitrogen contents and decreased δ13C values of soil OC, indicating that the increases in OC and TN contents were a function of accumulation of 13C-depleted mangrove materials in the soil. The sequestrated OC over the 12 years was considerably less in soil than in biomass at each mangrove site, suggesting that mangrove vegetation contributes more rapidly than the soil to ecosystem OC sequestration following rehabilitation before the vegetation has reached maturity. Compilation of the carbon stocks from worldwide rehabilitated mangrove forests with various ages further supports this finding. The K. obovata site had an apparently higher biomass OC stock but less OC in the soil than those at the A. corniculatum site. There was a higher standing leaf litter stock on the forest floor and more mangrove materials incorporated into the top 15 cm soil at the A. corniculatum site. These results suggested that the two rehabilitated mangrove sites had different development trajectories of both biomass and soil OC sequestration. Moreover, the performance of ecosystem carbon sequestration was related to plantation of different mangrove species. These carbon sequestration feature of rehabilitated mangrove forests therefore deserve attention in future rehabilitation programs to promote carbon sequestration performance.


Assuntos
Primulaceae , Rhizophoraceae , Biomassa , Carbono , Sequestro de Carbono , Ecossistema , Florestas , Solo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...