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1.
Sex Health ; 212024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38683939

RESUMO

Background Anal cancer disproportionately affects sexual and gender minority individuals living with HIV. High-resolution anoscopy (HRA) is an in-clinic procedure to detect precancerous anal lesions and cancer, yet prospective data on factors associated with HRA attendance are lacking. We examined whether anal HPV sampling at home versus in a clinic impacts HRA uptake and assessed HRA acceptability. Methods Sexual and gender minority individuals were randomised to home-based self-sampling or clinical sampling. All were asked to attend in-clinic HRA 1year later. We regressed HRA attendance on study arm using multivariable Poisson regression and assessed HRA acceptability using χ 2 tests. Results A total of 62.8% of 196 participants who engaged in screening attended HRA. Although not significant (P =0.13), a higher proportion of participants who engaged in clinic-based screening attended HRA (68.5%) compared to home-based participants (57.9%). Overall, HRA uptake was higher among participants with anal cytology history (aRR 1.40, 95% CI 1.07-1.82), and lower among participants preferring a versatile anal sex position versus insertive (aRR 0.70, 95% CI 0.53-0.91), but did not differ by race or HIV serostatus. In the clinic arm, persons living with HIV had lower HRA attendance (42.9%) versus HIV-negative participants (73.3%) (P =0.02) and Black non-Hispanic participants had lower HRA attendance (41.7%) than White non-Hispanic participants (73.1%), (P =0.04). No differences in attendance by race or HIV status were observed in the home arm. Conclusions HRA uptake differed significantly by race and HIV status in the clinic arm but not the home arm.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ânus , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias do Ânus/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Ânus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Ânus/virologia , Feminino , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Canal Anal/virologia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Proctoscopia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Autocuidado , Papillomavirus Humano
2.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 35(1): 33-36, mar. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551665

RESUMO

Introducción: El traumatismo anorrectal es una causa poco frecuente de consulta al servicio de emergencias, con una incidencia del 1 al 3%. A menudo está asociado a lesiones potencialmente mortales, por esta razón, es fundamental conocer los principios de diagnóstico y tratamiento, así como los protocolos de atención inicial de los pacientes politraumatizados. Método: Reportamos el caso de un paciente masculino de 47 años con trauma anorrectal contuso con compromiso del esfínter anal interno y externo, tratado con reparación primaria del complejo esfinteriano con técnica de overlapping, rafia de la mucosa, submucosa y muscular del recto. A los 12 meses presenta buena evolución sin incontinencia anal. Conclusión: El tratamiento del trauma rectal, basado en el dogma de las 4 D (desbridamiento, derivación fecal, drenaje presacro, lavado distal) fue exitoso. La técnica de overlapping para la lesión esfinteriana fue simple y efectiva para la reconstrucción anatómica y funcional. (AU)


Introduction: Anorectal trauma is a rare cause of consultation to the Emergency Department, with an incidence of 1 to 3%. It is often associated with life-threatening injuries, so it is essential to know the principles of diagnosis and treatment, as well as the initial care protocols for the polytrau-matized patient. Methods: We present the case of a 47-year-old man with a blunt anorectal trauma involving the internal and external anal sphincter, treated with primary overlapping repair of the sphincter complex and suturing of the rectal wall. At 12 months the patient presents good outcome, without anal incontinence. Conclusion: The treatment of rectal trauma, based on the 4 D ́s dogma (debridement, fecal diversion, presacral drainage, distal rectal washout lavage) was successful. Repair of the overlapping sphincter injury was simple and effective for anatomical and functional reconstruction. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Canal Anal/lesões , Reto/cirurgia , Reto/lesões , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico , Proctoscopia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(3): e240068, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427356

RESUMO

This cross-sectional study evaluates use and availability of follow-up anoscopy among persons at highest risk for anal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ânus , Infecções por HIV , Humanos , Proctoscopia/métodos , Citologia , Neoplasias do Ânus/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/complicações
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4672, 2024 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409328

RESUMO

Colonoscopy and endoscopic ultrasound play pivotal roles in the assessment of rectal diseases, especially rectal cancer and inflammatory bowel diseases. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) offers a superior depth resolution, which is a critical factor for individualizing the therapeutic concept and evaluating the therapy response. We developed two distinct rectoscope prototypes, which were integrated into a 1300 nm MHz-OCT system constructed at our facility. The rapid rotation of the distal scanning probe at 40,000 revolutions per minute facilitates a 667 Hz OCT frame rate, enabling real-time endoscopic imaging of large areas. The performance of these OCT-rectoscopes was assessed in an ex vivo porcine colon and a post mortem human in-situ colon. The OCT-rectoscope consistently distinguished various layers of the intestinal wall, identified gut-associated lymphatic tissue, and visualized a rectal polyp during the imaging procedure with 3D-reconstruction in real time. Subsequent histological examination confirmed these findings. The body donor was preserved using an ethanol-glycerol-lysoformin-based technique for true-to-life tissue consistency. We could demonstrate that the novel MHZ-OCT-rectoscope effectively discriminates rectal wall layers and crucial tissue characteristics in a post mortem human colon in-situ. This real-time-3D-OCT holds promise as a valuable future diagnostic tool for assessing disease state and therapy response on-site in rectal diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Retais , Neoplasias Retais , Animais , Suínos , Humanos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Proctoscopia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Reto
6.
Colorectal Dis ; 26(3): 439-448, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38229251

RESUMO

AIM: Several methods for assessing anastomotic integrity have been proposed, but the best is yet to be defined. The aim of this study was to compare the different methods to assess the integrity of colorectal anastomosis prior to ileostomy reversal. METHOD: A retrospective cohort analysis on patients between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2020 with a defunctioning stoma for middle and low rectal anterior resection was performed. A propensity score matching comparison between patients who underwent proctoscopy alone and patients who underwent proctoscopy plus any other preoperative method to assess the integrity of colorectal anastomosis prior to ileostomy reversal (transanal water-soluble contrast enema via conventional radiology, transanal water-soluble contrast enema via CT, and magnetic resonance) was performed. RESULTS: The analysis involved 1045 patients from 26 Italian referral colorectal centres. The comparison between proctoscopy alone versus proctoscopy plus any other preoperative tool showed no significant differences in terms of stenoses (p = 0.217) or leakages (p = 0.103) prior to ileostomy reversal, as well as no differences in terms of misdiagnosed stenoses (p = 0.302) or leakages (p = 0.509). Interestingly, in the group that underwent proctoscopy and transanal water-soluble contrast enema the comparison between the two procedures demonstrated no significant differences in detecting stenoses (2 vs. 0, p = 0.98), while there was a significant difference in detecting leakages in favour of transanal water-soluble contrast enema via CT (3 vs. 12, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: We can confirm that proctoscopy alone should be considered sufficient prior to ileostomy reversal. However, in cases in which the results of proctoscopy are not completely clear or the surgeon remains suspicious of an anastomotic leakage, transanal water-soluble contrast enema via CT could guarantee its detection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais , Oncologia Cirúrgica , Humanos , Proctoscopia , Ileostomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Enema/métodos , Meios de Contraste , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Água , Itália
7.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 15(4): e00681, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270249

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: High-resolution anoscopy (HRA) is the gold standard for detecting anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) precursors. Preliminary studies on the application of artificial intelligence (AI) models to this modality have revealed promising results. However, the impact of staining techniques and anal manipulation on the effectiveness of these algorithms has not been evaluated. We aimed to develop a deep learning system for automatic differentiation of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion vs low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion in HRA images in different subsets of patients (nonstained, acetic acid, lugol, and after manipulation). METHODS: A convolutional neural network was developed to detect and differentiate high-grade and low-grade anal squamous intraepithelial lesions based on 27,770 images from 103 HRA examinations performed in 88 patients. Subanalyses were performed to evaluate the algorithm's performance in subsets of images without staining, acetic acid, lugol, and after manipulation of the anal canal. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values, and area under the curve were calculated. RESULTS: The convolutional neural network achieved an overall accuracy of 98.3%. The algorithm had a sensitivity and specificity of 97.4% and 99.2%, respectively. The accuracy of the algorithm for differentiating high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion vs low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion varied between 91.5% (postmanipulation) and 100% (lugol) for the categories at subanalysis. The area under the curve ranged between 0.95 and 1.00. DISCUSSION: The introduction of AI to HRA may provide an accurate detection and differentiation of ASCC precursors. Our algorithm showed excellent performance at different staining settings. This is extremely important because real-time AI models during HRA examinations can help guide local treatment or detect relapsing disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ânus , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Aprendizado Profundo , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas , Humanos , Neoplasias do Ânus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Ânus/patologia , Neoplasias do Ânus/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/patologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Proctoscopia/métodos , Idoso , Algoritmos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Ácido Acético , Adulto , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Canal Anal/patologia , Canal Anal/diagnóstico por imagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
9.
Int J Urol ; 31(2): 139-143, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37847117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Rectal bleeding is a common complication of transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRPB). Massive rectal bleeding after TRPB can be life threatening. We initiated proctoscopy after TRPB to clarify the incidence of rectal bleeding and evaluated the usefulness of proctoscopy for controlling bleeding after TRPB. MATERIALS: Two hundred and fifty six patients who underwent TRPB were included in the study. TRPB was performed under local anesthesia. Post-biopsy, we performed a proctoscopy to evaluate the degree of rectal bleeding at four levels (G0, no bleeding; G1, traces; G2, venous bleeding requiring hemostasis; and G3, massive venous bleeding or arterial bleeding). Once the bleeding site on the rectal wall was identified, a gauze tampon was placed at the bleeding site and compressed for a few minutes. A second proctoscopy was performed to confirm complete hemostasis, after which the TRPB was terminated. RESULTS: Proctoscopy revealed that the degree of bleeding was G0 in 27 cases, G1 in 104 cases, G2 in 116 cases, and G3 in nine cases. Rectal bleeding that required hemostasis (G2 and G3) was observed in 125 of 256 cases (48.3%). Among the 125 cases, bleeding was stopped by compression in 121 cases; in the remaining four cases, bleeding continued despite compression and was stopped by suturing of the bleeding site. Suturing was performed by urologists, and none of the 256 patients had problematic posterior hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: Proctoscopy enables precise and effective pressure hemostasis. Moreover, suturing hemostasis under direct vision can be performed in cases in which pressure hemostasis is difficult. Continued proctoscopy allays urologists' fear of post-TRPB rectal bleeding.


Assuntos
Proctoscopia , Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Próstata/cirurgia , Próstata/patologia , Proctoscopia/efeitos adversos , Reto , Biópsia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia
10.
J Low Genit Tract Dis ; 28(1): 101-106, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38117565

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate high-risk human papillomavirus testing (hrHPV) as an alternative for anal cytology in screening for high-grade anal neoplasia (AIN2-3) among males with HIV. To identify predictive risk factors for AIN2-3 and develop a clinical tool to triage males with HIV for high-resolution anoscopy (HRA) without cytology. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of 199 adult cisgender men and transgender women with HIV referred to an anal neoplasia clinic in the Southeastern United States between January 2018 and March 2021. METHODS: Each subject underwent cytology, hrHPV, and HRA. Clinical and sociodemographic risk factors were collected for each subject. Significant risk factors for AIN2-3 were identified using logistic regression, and a triage tool incorporating these factors was developed. Screening test characteristics were calculated for cytology with and without adjunct hrHPV, hrHPV alone, and the triage tool. RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, significant predictors of AIN2-3 were hrHPV positivity (odds ratio [OR] = 11.98, CI = 5.58-25.69) and low CD4 count (OR = 2.70, CI = 1.20-6.11). There was no significant difference in positive or negative predictive values among the tool, stand-alone hrHPV, and anal cytology with adjunct hrHPV. Sensitivity and specificity were not significantly different for stand-alone or adjunctive hrHPV testing. Compared with cytology, stand-alone hrHPV and the novel triage tool reduced unnecessary HRA referrals by 65% and 30%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Stand-alone hrHPV would have missed 11 of 74 AIN2-3 and generated 74 fewer unnecessary HRAs than current cytology-based screening patterns, which led to 115 unnecessary HRAs in our cohort. We propose triaging those with low CD4 count, hrHPV positivity, and/or smoking history for HRA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Ânus , Infecções por HIV , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Pessoas Transgênero , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Triagem , Proctoscopia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Ânus/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Papillomaviridae , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico
11.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 22099, 2023 12 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38092835

RESUMO

To present rectal endoscopic findings and toxicity after definitive moderately hypofractionated, intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for prostate cancer. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent IMRT for prostate cancer and underwent post-radiotherapy endoscopies between 2008 and 2018. Endoscopic findings were reviewed and graded using Vienna Rectoscopy Score (VRS). We have analyzed the association between endoscopic findings and rectal bleeding, and investigated risk factors for rectal bleeding. Total 162 patients met the inclusion criteria of this study. There was a trend of VRS worsening during the initial 3 years after radiotherapy followed by recovery. Rectal bleeding was highest at 1 year after radiotherapy and improved thereafter. The 5-year cumulative incidence of grade ≥ 2 rectal bleeding was 14.8%. In the multivariable Cox regression analysis, cardiovascular disease (hazard ratio [HR] 2.732, P = 0.037), rectal wall V65 (HR 1.158, P = 0.027), and VRS ≥ 3 in first post-radiotherapy endoscopy (HR 2.573, P = 0.031) were significant risk factors for rectal bleeding. After IMRT for prostate cancer, VRS and rectal bleeding worsened over 1-3 years after radiotherapy and recovered. Cardiovascular disease, rectal wall V65, and VRS ≥ 3 in first post-radiotherapy endoscopy were significant risk factors for rectal bleeding.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Neoplasias da Próstata , Lesões por Radiação , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Masculino , Humanos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Reto , Proctoscopia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/complicações , Neoplasias da Próstata/etiologia
12.
Cambios rev. méd ; 22(1): 894, 30 Junio 2023. ilus, tabs
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451329

RESUMO

La fisura anal es una de las enfermedades más antiguamente descritas, la misma que, ha tenido hasta el momento múltiples tratamientos tanto médicos como quirúrgicos, existiendo controversias en su algoritmo terapéutico. Constituye una de las patologías cuyo diagnóstico y tratamiento corresponde a la Especialidad de Coloproctología, afecta a ambos sexos y a cualquier edad y puede ser aguda o crónica. Proponemos el presente Protocolo para un adecuado manejo de la patología, de manera que sirva de guía en la toma correcta de decisiones basadas en la evidencia y el consenso de quienes integramos la Unidad Técnica de Coloproctología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín.


Anal fissure is one of the oldest described diseases, which has so far had multiple medical and surgical treatments, with controversies in its therapeutic algorithm. It is one of the pathologies whose diagnosis and treatment corresponds to the Coloproctology Specialty, it affects both sexes and any age and can be acute or chronic. We propose the present Protocol for an adequate management of the pathology, so that it serves as a guide in the correct decision making based on evidence and consensus of those who integrate the Technical Unit of Coloproctology of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Canal Anal , Doenças do Ânus , Prurido Anal , Cirurgia Colorretal , Fissura Anal/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Proctoscopia , Dieta , Equador , Esfincterotomia Lateral Interna , Hemorragia , Analgesia
13.
J Surg Res ; 290: 45-51, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37182438

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rigid proctosigmoidoscopy (RP) and flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS) are two modalities commonly used for intraoperative evaluation of colorectal anastomoses. This study seeks to determine whether there is an association between the endoscopic modality used to evaluate colorectal anastomoses and the rate of anastomotic leak (AL), organ space infection, and overall infectious complication. METHODS: The 2012-2018 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried for patients undergoing colorectal anastomoses. Anastomotic evaluation method (RP versus FS) was identified by Current Procedural Terminologycoding and used for group classification. Outcomes measured included AL, organ space infections, and overall infection. Multivariable logistic regression analysis for predicting AL was performed. RESULTS: We identified 7100 patients who underwent a colorectal anastomosis with intraoperative endoscopic evaluation. RP was utilized in 3397 (47.8%) and FS in 3703 (52.2%) patients. RP was used more commonly in diverticulitis (44.5% versus 36.2%, P < 0.01), while FS was used more frequently in malignancy (47.5% versus 36.7%, P < 0.01). Anastomotic evaluation with FS was associated with lower rates of organ space infection (3.8% versus 4.8%, P = 0.025) and AL (2.9% versus 3.8%, P = 0.028) compared to RP. On multivariate logistic regression modeling, anastomotic evaluation with RP was associated with a higher risk of AL (odds ratio 1.403, 95% CI 1.028-1.916, P = 0.033) compared to FS. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to FS, rigid proctosigmoidoscopic evaluation of a colorectal anastomosis was associated with an increased rate of AL and organ space infection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Proctoscopia , Humanos , Proctoscopia/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Reto/cirurgia , Reto/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Sex Health ; 18(6): 515-516, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838154

RESUMO

Anal examination and proctoscopy are important skills needed to facilitate the diagnoses of STIs and cancer. Clinician (25 doctors/15 nurses) confidence was higher for anal examination versus proctoscopy (median Likert scores 4/5 vs 5/5, P≤0.05) and higher in doctors compared with nurses (median Likert scores 5/5 vs 4/5, P<0.008, 4/5 vs 2/5, P<0.005), and related to years of experience (5/5 vs 4/5, P<0.001, 3/5 vs 5/5, P=0.007). Barriers included lack of opportunities for training, concerns about patient reluctance, and lack of available equipment. We need to be innovative when up-skilling the specialist sexual health workforce using online training and optimising opportunities for clinical assessment of MSM.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Saúde Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Proctoscopia , Comportamento Sexual
18.
Tech Coloproctol ; 26(3): 175-180, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34905132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Local excisions are important in a tailored approach to treatment of rectal neoplasms. In cases of low risk T1 local excision facilitates rectal-preserving treatment. Transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) is the most recent alternative developed for local excision. In this study we evaluate the results after implementing TAMIS as the routine procedure for local excision of rectal neoplasms. METHODS: All patients who underwent TAMIS from January 2016 to January 2020 at St. Olav's University Hospital were included, and clinical, pathological and oncological data were prospectively registered. The primary endpoint was local recurrence, and the secondary endpoint was complications. RESULTS: There were 76 patients (42 men, mean age was 69 years [range 26-88 years]), The mean tumour level was 82 mm (range 20-140 mm) from the anal verge measured on rigid proctoscopy, and mean tumour size was 32 mm (range 8-73 mm). Three patients experienced complications needing intervention (Clavien-Dindo > 3A). Seventeen patients had rectal adenocarcinoma, 9 of whom underwent R0 completion total mesorectal excision (cTME). Fifty-five patients had an adenoma, 3 of whom developed recurrence (5.4%) within 12 months. All recurrences were treated successfully with a new TAMIS procedure. In addition, TAMIS was used in treatment of 2 patients with a neuroendocrine tumour, 1 patient with a haemangioma and 1 patient with a solitary rectal ulcer. CONCLUSIONS: TAMIS surgery is associated with a low risk of complications and a low recurrence rate in rectal neoplasms. In cases of adenocarcinoma, R0 cTME surgery is feasible in the sub-group with high risk T1 and T2 tumours.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Neoplasias Retais , Cirurgia Endoscópica Transanal , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Proctoscopia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica Transanal/métodos
19.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21857, 2021 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750473

RESUMO

Prevention of postoperative anastomotic leakage in rectal surgery is still required. This study investigated the feasibility of endoscopic hand suturing (EHS) on rectal anastomosis ex vivo. By using isolated porcine colon, we prepared ten anastomoses 6-10 cm from the virtual anus. Then, we sutured anastomoses intraluminally by EHS, which involved a continuous suturing method in 5 cases and a nodule suturing method with extra corporeal ligation in 5 cases. Completeness of suturing, number of stitches, procedure time and presence of stenosis were investigated. Furthermore, the degree of stenosis was compared between the two suturing methods. In all cases, EHS were successfully completed. The median number of stitches and procedure time was 8 and 5.8 min, respectively. Stenosis was created in all continuous suturing cases whereas none was seen in nodule suturing cases. The shortening rate was significantly greater in the continuous suturing method than in the nodule suturing method. Intraluminal reinforcement of rectal anastomosis by EHS using nodule suturing with extra corporeal ligation is feasible without stenosis, which may be helpful as a countermeasure against possible postoperative anastomotic leakage in rectal surgery.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Modelos Anatômicos , Reto/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Anastomose Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Animais , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/instrumentação , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Modelos Animais , Proctoscopia/instrumentação , Proctoscopia/métodos , Sus scrofa , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação
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