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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8414, 2024 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600143

RESUMO

In this research paper, the intelligent learning abilities of the gray wolf optimization (GWO), multi-verse optimization (MVO), moth fly optimization, particle swarm optimization (PSO), and whale optimization algorithm (WOA) metaheuristic techniques and the response surface methodology (RSM) has been studied in the prediction of the mechanical properties of self-healing concrete. Bio-concrete technology stimulated by the concentration of bacteria has been utilized as a sustainable structural concrete for the future of the built environment. This is due to the recovery tendency of the concrete structures after noticeable structural failures. However, it requires a somewhat expensive exercise and technology to create the medium for the growth of the bacteria needed for this self-healing ability. The method of data gathering, analysis and intelligent prediction has been adopted to propose parametric relationships between the bacteria usage and the concrete performance in terms of strength and durability. This makes is cheaper to design self-healing concrete structures based on the optimized mathematical relationships and models proposed from this exercise. The performance of the models was tested by using the coefficient of determination (R2), root mean squared errors, mean absolute errors, mean squared errors, variance accounted for and the coefficient of error. At the end of the prediction protocol and model performance evaluation, it was found that the classified metaheuristic techniques outclassed the RSM due their ability to mimic human and animal genetics of mutation. Furthermore, it can be finally remarked that the GWO outclassed the other methods in predicting the concrete slump (Sl) with R2 of 0.998 and 0.989 for the train and test, respectively, the PSO outclassed the rest in predicting the flexural strength with R2 of 0.989 and 0.937 for train and test, respectively and the MVO outclassed the others in predicting the compressive strength with R2 of 0.998 and 0.958 for train and test, respectively.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Prunella , Animais , Humanos , Bactérias , Ambiente Construído , Cetáceos , Força Compressiva
2.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300178, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512952

RESUMO

Self-healing microcapsules in the asphalt pavement must be kept intact under vehicle load to ensure there is enough rejuvenator in capsules when cracks appear in asphalt pavement. In this paper, the crack resistance of self-healing microcapsules in asphalt pavement was evaluated. Firstly, an expanding multi-scale analysis was conducted based on proposed mesoscopic mechanical models with the aim to determine the mechanical parameters for the following contracting multi-scale analysis. Secondly, the periodic boundary condition was introduced for the contracting multi-scale analysis and the stress field of the capsule wall was obtained. Finally, the effects of the design parameters of the microcapsule on its crack resistance in asphalt pavement were investigated. The results showed that the incorporation of microcapsules has almost no effect on the elastic constants of the asphalt mixture. The core could be simplified as an approximately incompressible solid with the elastic constants determined by the proposed mesoscopic mechanical model. With the increase of the modulus of the capsule wall, the mean maximum tensile stress of the capsule wall increased from 0.372 MPa to 0.465 MPa, while with the decrease of the relative radius of the capsule core, the mean maximum tensile stress of the capsule wall increased from 0.349 MPa to 0.461 MPa. The change in the mean maximum tensile stress of the capsule wall caused by the change of capsule diameter was within 5%. The relative radius of the capsule core and the elastic modulus of capsule wall were two key parameters in capsule design. Besides, the microcapsules with the wall made of resin would not crack under the vehicle load before microcracks occurred in asphalt pavement.


Assuntos
Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo , Prunella , Cápsulas , Hidrocarbonetos , Módulo de Elasticidade
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 328: 117998, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484956

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to ancient literature, Prunella vulgaris L. (P vulgaris) alleviates mastitis and has been used in China for many years; however, there are no relevant reports that confirm this or the mechanism of its efficacy. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the anti-acute mastitis effect and potential mechanism of P vulgaris extract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, the active ingredients and targets of P vulgaris against mastitis were predicted using network pharmacology. Next, the relevant active ingredients were enriched using macroporous resins and verified using UV and UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Lastly, a mouse model of acute mastitis was established by injecting lipopolysaccharides into the mammary gland and administering P vulgaris extract by oral gavage. The pathological changes in mammary tissue were observed by HE staining. Serum and tissue inflammatory factors were measured by ELISA method. MPO activity in mammary tissue was measured using colorimetry and MPO expression was detected by immunohistochemistry. The expression of tight junction proteins (ZO-1, claudin-3, and occludin) in mammary tissue was detected by immunofluorescence and Western blot. iNOS and COX-2 in mammary tissue were detected by Western blot. MAPK pathway and NF-κB pathway related proteins were also detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Network pharmacology predicted that phenolic acids and flavonoids in P vulgaris had anti-mastitis effects. The contents of total flavonoids and total phenolic acids in P vulgaris extract were 64.5% and 29.4%, respectively. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS confirmed that P vulgaris extract contained phenolic acids and flavonoids. The results of animal experiments showed that P vulgaris extract reduced lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, and interstitial congestion of mammary tissue. It also reduced the levels of serum and tissue inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1ß, and inhibited the activation of MPO. Furthermore, it downregulated the expression of MAPK and NF-κB pathway-related proteins. The expressions of ZO-1, occludin, and claudin-3 in mammary gland tissues were upregulated. CONCLUSIONS: P vulgaris extract can maintain the integrity of mammary connective tissue and reduce its inflammatory response to prevent acute mastitis. Its mechanism probably involves regulating NF-κB and MAPK pathways.


Assuntos
Mastite , Prunella , Humanos , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Leite/metabolismo , Ocludina/metabolismo , Claudina-3/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Mastite/induzido quimicamente , Mastite/tratamento farmacológico , Mastite/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia
4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 2): 130768, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467228

RESUMO

Lanthanide luminescent hydrogels have broad application prospects in various fields. However, most of lanthanide hydrogels possess relatively simple functions, which is not conducive to practical applications. Therefore, it is becoming increasingly urgent to develop multifunctional hydrogels. Herein, a multifunctional chitosan-based lanthanide luminescent hydrogel with ultra-stretchability, multi-adhesion, excellent self-healing, emission color tunability, and good antibacterial ability was prepared by a simple one-step free radical polymerization. In this work, our designed lanthanide complexes [Ln(4-VDPA)3] contain three reaction sites, which can be copolymerized with N-[tris(hydroxymethyl) methyl] acrylamide (THMA), acrylamide (AM), and diacryloyl poly(ethylene glycol) (DPEG) to form the first chemical crosslinking network, while hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride chitosan (HACC) interacts with the hydroxyl and amino groups derived from the chemical crosslinking network through hydrogen bonds to form the second physical crosslinking network. The structure of the double network as well as the dynamic hydrogen bond and lanthanide coordination endow the hydrogel with excellent stretchability, adhesion and self-healing properties. Moreover, the introduction of lanthanide complexes and chitosan makes the hydrogel exhibit outstanding luminescence and antibacterial performances. This research not only realizes the simple synthesis of multifunctional luminescent hydrogels, but also provides a new idea for the fabrication of biomass-based hydrogels as intelligent and sustainable materials.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Elementos da Série dos Lantanídeos , Prunella , Hidrogéis , Luminescência , Acrilamida , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Aderências Teciduais
5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 1): 130551, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431010

RESUMO

Achieving the controllable detachment of polysaccharide-based wound dressings is challenging. In this study, a novel, photodetachable salecan-based hydrogel dressing with injectable, self-healing, antibacterial, and wound healing properties was developed using a green and facile approach. A salecan hydrogel with a uniform porous structure and water content of 90.4 % was prepared by simply mixing salecan and an Fe3+-citric acid complexing solution in an acidic D-(+)-glucono-1,5-lactone environment. Metal coordinate interactions were formed between the released Fe3+ ions and carboxyl groups on the salecan polysaccharide, inducing homogeneous gelation. Benefiting from this dynamic and reversible crosslinking, the salecan hydrogel exhibited self-healing and injectable behavior, facilitating the formation of the desired shapes in situ. The exposure of Fe3+-citric acid to UV light (365 nm) resulted in the reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ through photochemical reactions, enabling phototriggered detachment. Moreover, the hydrogel exhibited excellent biocompatibility and satisfactory antibacterial efficacy against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus of 72.5 % and 85.3 %, respectively. The adhesive strength of the salecan hydrogel to porcine skin was 1.06 ± 0.12 kPa. In vivo wound healing experiments further highlighted the advantages of the prepared hydrogel in alleviating the degree of wound inflammation and promoting tissue regeneration within 12 days.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Prunella , beta-Glucanas , Suínos , Animais , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Bandagens , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Ácido Cítrico , Escherichia coli , Metais , Polissacarídeos
6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 1): 130593, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437934

RESUMO

Bacterial infection remarkably impedes wound healing, with antibiotics traditionally serving as the primary therapeutic intervention. However, the escalating misuse of antibiotics and the emergence of bacterial resistance present substantial treatment challenges for infected wounds. Consequently, the development of antibiotic-free antimicrobial dressings holds pertinent research and clinical relevance. To this end, this study aimed to introduce an all-natural hydrogel dressing, amalgamating polyphenols and polysaccharides, exhibiting pronounced antibacterial and antioxidant properties without relying on antibiotics. First, we constructed curcumin-tannic acid­zinc ion nanospheres (CTZN) through self-assembly. Our experimental results showed that the nanospheres had excellent biocompatibility, antioxidant, and antimicrobial abilities. Subsequently, we prepared carboxymethylated chitosan/oxidized sodium alginate hydrogels via Schiff base reactions. Incorporation of CTZN into the hydrogel system not only improves the inherent qualities of the hydrogel but also confers multifunctional properties, including antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory abilities. In this study, we enhanced the physicochemical properties and biological activity of hydrogels by introducing natural material nanospheres, offering a novel approach that could pave the way for the development of purely natural biomaterial dressings.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Curcumina , Nanosferas , Polifenóis , Prunella , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/farmacologia
7.
Biomater Adv ; 159: 213838, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531257

RESUMO

The process of wound healing necessitates a specific environment, thus prompting extensive research into the utilization of hydrogels for this purpose. While numerous hydrogel structures have been investigated, the discovery of a self-healing hydrogel possessing favorable biocompatibility, exceptional mechanical properties, and effective hemostatic and antibacterial performance remains uncommon. In this work, a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) hybrid hydrogel was meticulously designed through a simple reaction, wherein CuxO anchored sepiolite was incorporated into the hydrogel. The results indicate that introduction of sepiolite greatly improves the toughness, self-healing and adhesion properties of the PVA hydrogels. CuxO nanoparticles endow the hydrogels with excellent antibacterial performance towards Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. The application of hybrid hydrogels for fast hemostasis and wound healing are verified in vitro and in vivo with rat experiments. This work thereby demonstrates an effective strategy for designing biodegradable hemostatic and wound healing materials.


Assuntos
Essências Florais , Hemostáticos , Silicatos de Magnésio , Prunella , Animais , Ratos , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Hemostáticos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Escherichia coli , Cicatrização , Hemostasia
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 263(Pt 2): 130439, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423420

RESUMO

Conductive hydrogels become increasing attractive for flexible electronic devices and biosensors. However, challenges still remain in fabrication of flexible hydrogels with high electrical conductivity, self-healing capability and adhesion property. Herein, a conductive hydrogel (PSDM) was prepared by solution-gel method using MXene and dopamine modified polypyrrole as conductive enhanced materials, polyvinyl alcohol and silk fibroin as gel networks, and borax as cross-linking agent. Notably, the PSDM hydrogels not only showed high permeability (13.82 mg∙cm-2∙h-1), excellent stretch ability (1235 %), high electrical conductivity (11.3 S/m) and long-term stability, but also exhibited high adhesion performance and self-healing properties. PSDM hydrogels displayed outstanding sensing performance and durability for monitoring human activities including writing, finger bending and wrist bending. The PSDM hydrogel was made into wearable flexible electrodes and realized accurate, sensitive and reliable detection of human electromyographic and electrocardiographic signals. The sensor was also applied in human-computer interaction by collecting electromyography signals of different gestures for machine learning and gesture recognition. According to 480 groups of data collected, the recognition accuracy of gestures by the electrodes was close to 100 %, indicating that the PSDM hydrogel electrodes possessed excellent sensing performance for high precision data acquisition and human-computer interaction interface.


Assuntos
Fibroínas , Nitritos , Prunella , Elementos de Transição , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Polímeros , Álcool de Polivinil , Pirróis , Condutividade Elétrica , Hidrogéis
9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 259(Pt 1): 129006, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38176492

RESUMO

Conventional collagen-based hydrogels as wound dressing materials are usually lack of antibacterial activity and easily broken when encountering external forces. In this work, we developed a collagen peptide-based hydrogel as a wound dressing, which was composed of adipic acid dihydrazide functionalized collagen peptide (Col-ADH), oxidized dextran (ODex), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and borax via multiple-dynamic reversible bonds (acylhydrazone, amine, borate ester and hydrogen bonds). The injectable hydrogel exhibited satisfactory self-healing ability, antibacterial activity, mechanical strength, as well as good biocompatibility and biodegradability. In vivo experiments demonstrated the rapid hemostasis, accelerated cell migration, and promoted wound healing capacities of the hydrogel. These results indicate that the multifunctional collagen peptide-based hydrogel has great potentials in the field of wound dressings.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Prunella , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Colágeno , Cicatrização , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia
10.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 260(Pt 2): 129353, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38242386

RESUMO

Infection and chronic inflammation caused by oxidative stress are major challenges in chronic wound healing. Preparing a simple, efficient hydrogel with reactive oxygen-scavenging properties for chronic wound repair is a promising strategy. Herein, we report an injectable, self-repairing hydrogel with antioxidant and antibacterial properties that can be used to regenerate diabetic wounds. Hydrogels are prepared by coordination crosslinking of gelatin (Gel), a natural biopolymer derived from collagen, with Zr4+. Because of the dynamic properties of metal ion coordination bonds and the bactericidal effect of Zr4+, the obtained coordination hydrogels exhibit self-healing, injectable, and antibacterial properties. The plant polyphenol "proanthocyanidins," which has reactive oxygen-scavenging and anti-inflammatory effects, was simultaneously loaded into the coordination hydrogel during cross-linking. We obtained a versatile hydrogel that is easy to prepare, resistant to mechanical irritation, and antioxidant, and antibacterial in vitro. We further demonstrated that the injectable self-healing hydrogels could effectively repair diabetic skin wounds and accelerate collagen deposition and wound healing. This study shows that the multifunctional antioxidant hydrogel has great potential in developing multifunctional biomaterials for chronic wound healing.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Proantocianidinas , Prunella , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Zircônio , Aceleração , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Oxigênio , Colágeno
11.
Fitoterapia ; 174: 105841, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296170

RESUMO

Prunella vulgaris (PV) is a medicine and food homologous plant, but its quality evaluation seldom relies on the polysaccharides (PVPs). In this work, we established the multi-level fingerprinting and in vitro anti-inflammatory evaluation approaches to characterize and compare the polysaccharides of P. vulgaris collected from the major production regions in China. PVPs prepared from 22 batches of samples gave the content variation of 5.76-24.524 mg/g, but displayed high similarity in the molecular weight distribution. Hydrolyzed oligosaccharides with degrees of polymerization 2-14 were characterized with different numbers of pentose and hexose by HILIC-MS. The tested 22 batches of oligosaccharides exhibited visible differences in peak abundance, which failed to corelate to their production regions. All the PVPs contained Gal, Xyl, and Ara, as the main monosaccharides. Eleven batches among the tested PVPs showed the significant inhibitory effects on NO production on LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells at 10 µg/mL, but the exerted efficacy did not exhibit correlation with the production regions. Conclusively, we, for the first time, investigated the chemical features of PVPs at three levels, and assessed the chemical and anti-inflammatory variations among the different regions of P. vulgaris samples.


Assuntos
Prunella , Prunella/química , Estrutura Molecular , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Oligossacarídeos
12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 257(Pt 1): 128434, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38043655

RESUMO

Ion conductors offer great potential for diverse electric applications. However, most of the ion conductors were fabricated from non - degradable petroleum-based polymers with non or low biodegradability, which inevitably leads to resource depletion and waste accumulation. Fabricating ion conductors based on renewable, and sustainable materials is highly desirable and valuable. Herein, a series of eutectogels were designed through dual-dynamic-bond cross-linking among ferric iron (Fe3+), protocatechualdehyde (PA), and chitosan (CS) in 1 - allyl-3 - methylimidazole chloride ionic liquid/urea (AmimCl/urea) eutectic-based ionic liquid. Due to the presence of AmimCl/urea eutectic-based ionic liquid, the obtained CS - PA@Fe eutectogels showed excellent ionic conductivity, superior anti-freezing properties that could maintain flexibility and high electrical properties at -20 °C. Dual-dynamic-bond cross-linking of catechol-Fe coordinate and dynamic Schiff base bonds equip CS - PA@Fe eutectogels with excellent injectable, and self-healing abilities. Additionally, due to the presence of phenolic hydroxyl groups of PA, the obtained CS - PA@Fe eutectogels present good adhesiveness. Based on the CS - PA@Fe eutectogels, multifunctional flexible strain sensors with high sensitivity, stability, as well as rapid response speed at wide operating temperature ranges were successfully fabricated. Thus, this study offers a promising strategy for fabricating naturally occurring biopolymers based eutectogels, which show great potential as high-performance flexible strain sensors for next-generation wearable electronic devices.


Assuntos
Benzaldeídos , Catecóis , Quitosana , Líquidos Iônicos , Prunella , Esfingosina/análogos & derivados , Adesivos , Cimentos de Resina , Bases de Schiff , Condutividade Elétrica , Ureia , Hidrogéis
13.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 38(1): e5771, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37942879

RESUMO

Prunella vulgaris has long been used in traditional medicine and is consumed as a tea in China. Here, the total phenolic and flavonoid concentrations of plants from different geographical regions were measured. It was found that the total phenolic acid concentration ranged from 4.15 to 8.82 g of gallic acid equivalent per 100 g of dry weight (DW), and the total flavonoid concentration was 4.67-7.33 g of rutin equivalent per 100 g DW. Antioxidant activities were measured using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt, and the results ranged from 73.47% to 94.43% and 74.54% to 93.39%, respectively, whereas α-glucosidase inhibition was between 75.31% and 95.49%. Correlation analysis showed that the total flavonoids in P. vulgaris had superior antioxidant and anti-α-glucosidase activities compared to the total phenolic compounds. The active components of P. vulgaris were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry combined with both classical molecular networking and feature-based molecular networking on the Global Natural Products Social platform, identifying 32 compounds, namely 14 flavonoids, 12 phenolic compounds, and 6 other chemical components. These results could provide useful information on the use of P. vulgaris as a functional tea.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Prunella , Antioxidantes/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Fenóis/química , Flavonoides/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Chá/química
14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 256(Pt 1): 128114, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37979750

RESUMO

In this study, waterborne UV-curable coatings with self-healing properties based on transesterification were prepared using renewable biomass resources for anti-corrosion application. Tung oil (TO)-based oligomer (TMHT) was synthesized through Diels-Alder reaction of TO with maleic anhydride, subsequent ring opening reaction with hydroxyethyl acrylate (HEA), and final neutralize reaction with triethylamine. A series of waterborne UV-curable coatings were prepared from cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) stabilized TMHT-based Pickering emulsions after drying and UV light-curing processes. It is suggested that CNF significantly improved the storage stability of Pickering emulsions. The obtained waterborne UV-curable coatings with CNF of 1-3 wt% exhibited remarking coating and mechanical performance (pencil hardness up to 5 H, adhesion up to 2 grade, flexibility of 2 mm, tensile strength up to 11.6 MPa, etc.), great transmittance (82.3 %-80.8 %) and great corrosion resistance (|Z|0.01Hz up to 5.4 × 106 Ω·cm2). Because of the presence of the dynamic ester bonds in TMHT, the coatings exhibited excellent self-healing performance (78.05 %-56.34 %) at 150 °C without catalyst and external force. More importantly, the |Z|0.01Hz of the self-healing coating was higher than that of the scratched coating, indicating that the self-healing performance could extend the service life of the coating in corrosion resistant application.


Assuntos
Óleos de Plantas , Prunella , Emulsões , Biomassa , Celulose
15.
Phytother Res ; 38(1): 384-399, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37992723

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of mortality around the world. Prunella vulgaris (Xia-Ku-Cao in Chinese) is used in traditional Chinese medicine practice for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, its active ingredients and mechanisms of action on cardiac remodeling following MI remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the cardioprotective effect of P. vulgaris on MI rat models. MI rats were treated with aqueous extract of P. vulgaris or phenolic acids from P. vulgaris, including caffeic acid, ursolic acid or rosmarinic acid, 1 day after surgery and continued for the following 28 days. Then the cardioprotective effect, such as cardiac function, inflammatory status, and fibrosis areas were evaluated. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), western blotting, and ELISA were used to explore the underlying mechanism. In addition, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometer analysis was used to identify the chemicals from P. vulgaris. THP-1NLRP3-GFP cells were used to confirm the inhibitory effect of P. vulgaris and phenolic acids on the expression and activity of NLRP3. We found that P. vulgaris significantly improved cardiac function and reduced infarct size. Meanwhile, P. vulgaris protected cardiomyocyte against apoptosis, evidenced by increasing the expression of anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 in the heart and decreasing lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in serum. Results from RNA-seq revealed that the therapeutic effect of P. vulgaris might relate to NLRP3-mediated inflammatory response. Results from real-time PCR and western blotting confirmed that P. vulgaris suppressed NLRP3 expression in MI heart. We also found that P. vulgaris suppressed NLRP3 expression and the secretion of HMGB1, IL-1ß, and IL-18 in THP-1NLRP3-GFP cells. Further studies indicated that the active components of P. vulgaris were three phenolic acids, those were caffeic acid, ursolic acid, and rosmarinic acid. These phenolic acids inhibited LPS-induced NLRP3 expression and activity in THP-1 cells, and improved cardiac function, suppressed inflammatory aggregation and fibrosis in MI rat models. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that P. vulgaris and phenolic acids from P. vulgaris, including caffeic acid, ursolic acid, and rosmarinic acid, could improve cardiac function and protect cardiomyocytes from ischemia injury during MI. The mechanism was partially related to inhibiting NLRP3 activation.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Prunella , Ratos , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Prunella/metabolismo , Remodelação Ventricular , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Miócitos Cardíacos , Fibrose , Ácidos Cafeicos/farmacologia
16.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 103(1): e14413, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38040415

RESUMO

In traditional Chinese Medicine, Prunella vulgaris L. (PVL) is potentially effective in the treatment of some human malignancies including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the detailed mechanism of action remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to decipher the constitutes of the bioactive ingredients of PVL, and its mechanism against HCC using network pharmacology and in vitro experiments. The bioactive components of PVL were obtained by Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Database and Analysis platform database, and the targets of bioactive components of PVL was investigated by Swiss Target Prediction database. HCC related targets were obtained from GEO database, GeneCards database and DisGeNET database, and the gene ontology function annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were conducted for annotating the biological function of gene targets. A protein-protein interaction network was constructed using STRING database. Molecular docking of key bioactive ingredients was performed using AutoDock Vina. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit-8 and flow cytometry, respectively. The expression level of the target genes of PI3K/Akt pathway were detected by qPCR. In the present work, 11 bioactive components of PVL were screened out, which acted on 177 potential targets. In addition, 13,517 genes were strongly associated with HCC pathogenesis, of which 158 targets are overlapped with PVL's targets. KEGG results identified 39 signaling pathways closely associated with the 158 targets. Molecular docking showed that the main bioactive components of PVL, kaempferol, morin, quercetin, luteolin, and spinasterol, had good binding activity with the core proteins in cancer biology such as AKT1, EGFR, SRC, ESR1, and PPARG. In vitro assays showed that quercetin, one of the main components of PVL extracts effectively inhibited HCC cell proliferation, and promoted apoptosis, which may be associated with PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. In summary, PVL may regulate HCC progression by regulating core targets such as AKT1, EGFR, SRC, ESR1, and PPARG, and acting on PI3K-Akt signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Prunella , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Farmacologia em Rede , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , PPAR gama , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Quercetina , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores ErbB , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
17.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1196434, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38077406

RESUMO

The herb Prunella vulgaris has shown significant immune-stimulatory and anti-inflammatory effects in mouse models. Here, the effects of a novel Prunella vulgaris-containing herbal mixture, PV-1, were examined in several mouse models for cancer, including chemically induced models of lung and oral cancers as well as syngraft models for lung cancer and melanoma. PV-1, consisting of extracts from Prunella vulgaris, Polygonum bistorta, Sonchus brachyotus and Dictamnus dasycarpus, exhibited no toxicity in a dose escalation study in A/J mice. PV-1 significantly inhibited mouse lung tumor development induced by the lung carcinogens vinyl carbamate and benzo[a]pyrene. PV-1 also hindered the induction of oral squamous cell carcinomas in C57BL/6 mice caused by 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide. Flow cytometry analysis showed that PV-1 increased the numbers of CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and increased the production of granzyme B, TNF-α, and IFN-γ by CD8+ TILs. PV-1 also suppressed granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cell numbers (g-MDSCs) and improved the anti-cancer activity of anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. These results indicate that PV-1 remodels the tumor immune microenvironment by selectively inhibiting g-MDSCs and increasing CD8+ TILs within tumors, resulting in decreased immune suppression and enhanced cancer chemopreventive efficacy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias Bucais , Prunella , Camundongos , Animais , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioprevenção , Microambiente Tumoral
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(45): e34871, 2023 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37960775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common endocrine malignancy that has rapidly increased in global incidence. Prunella vulgaris (PV) has manifested therapeutic effects in patients with TC. We aimed to investigate its molecular mechanisms against TC and provide potential drug targets by using network pharmacology and molecular docking. METHODS: The ingredients of PV were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systematic Pharmacology Database. TC-related gene sets were established using the GeneCard and OMIM databases. The establishment of the TC-PV target gene interaction network was accomplished using the STRING database. Cytoscape constructed networks for visualization. Protein-protein interaction, gene ontology and the biological pathway Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes enrichment analyses were performed to discover the potential mechanism. Molecular docking technology was used to analyze the effective compounds from PV for treating TC. RESULTS: 11 active compounds and 192 target genes were screened from PV. 177 potential targets were obtained by intersecting PV and TC gene sets. Network pharmacological analysis showed that the PV active ingredients including Vulgaxanthin-I, quercetin, Morin, Stigmasterol, poriferasterol monoglucoside, Spinasterol, kaempferol, delphinidin, stigmast-7-enol, beta-sitosterol and luteolin showed better correlation with TC target genes such as JUN, AKT1, mitogen-activated protein kinase 1, IL-6 and RELA. The gene ontology and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes indicated that PV can act by regulating the host defense and response to oxidative stress immune response and several signaling pathways are closely associated with TC, such as the TNF and IL-17. Protein-protein interaction network identified 8 hub genes. The molecular docking was conducted on the most significant gene MYC. Eleven active compounds of PV can enter the active pocket of MYC, namely poriferasterol monoglucoside, stigmasterol, beta-sitosterol, vulgaxanthin-I, spinasterol, stigmast-7-enol, luteolin, delphinidin, morin, quercetin and kaempferol. Further analysis showed that oriferasterol monoglucoside, followed by tigmasterol, were the potential therapeutic compound identified in PV for the treatment of TC. CONCLUSION: The network pharmacological strategy integrates molecular docking to unravel the molecular mechanism of PV. MYC is a promising drug target to reduce oxidative stress damage and potential anti-tumor effect. Oriferasterol monoglucoside and kaempferol were 2 bioactive compounds of PV to treat TC. This provides a basis to understand the mechanism of the anti-TC activity of PV.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Prunella , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Quempferóis , Farmacologia em Rede , Luteolina , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Quercetina , Estigmasterol , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(17): 4569-4588, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37802797

RESUMO

Prunellae Spica is the dried spica of Prunella vulgaris belonging to Labiatae and it is widely used in pharmaceutical and general health fields. As a traditional Chinese medicine cultivated on a large scale, it produces a large amount of non-medicinal parts, which are discarded because they are not effectively used. To analyze the chemical constituents in the different samples from spica, seed, stem, and leaf of P. vulgaris, and explore the application value and development prospect of these parts, this study used ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-tandem quadrupoles time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) to detect chemical constituents in different parts of P. vulgaris. As a result, 117 compounds were detected. Among them, 87 compounds were identified, including 32 phenolic acids, 8 flavonoids, and 45 triterpenoid saponins. Some new triterpenoid saponins containing the sugar chain with 4-6 sugar units were found. Further, multivariate statistical analysis was conducted on BPI chromatographic peaks of multiple batches of different parts, and the results showed that spica had the most abundant chemical constituents, including salviaflaside and linolenic acid highly contained in the seed and phenolic acids, flavonoids, and triterpenoid saponins in the stem and leaf. In general, the constituents in the spica were composed of those in the seed, stem, and leaf. UPLC was used to determine the content of 6 phenolic acids(danshensu, protocatechuic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, caffeic acid, salviaflaside, and rosmarinic acid) in different parts. The content of other phenolic acids in the seed was generally lower than that in the spica except that of salviaflaside. The content of salviaflaside in the spica was higher than that in the stem and leaf, but the content of other phenolic acids in the spica was not significantly different from that in the stem. The content of protocatechuic aldehyde and caffeic acid in the spica was lower than that in the leaf. DPPH free radical scavenging method was used to detect the antioxidant activity of four parts, and there was no significant difference in the antioxidant activity between the spica and the stem and leaf, but that was significantly higher than the seed. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of these parts was correlated with the content of total phenolic acids. Based on the above findings, the stem and leaf of P. vulgaris have potential application value. Considering the traditional medication rule, it is feasible to use the whole plant as a medicine. Alternatively, salviaflaside, occurring in the seed, can be used as a marker compound for the quality evaluation of Prunellae Spica, if only using spica as the medicinal part of P. vulgaris, as described in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition).


Assuntos
Prunella , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Antioxidantes/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Prunella/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Ácidos Cafeicos , Flavonoides/análise , Triterpenos/análise , Açúcares
20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 253(Pt 8): 127612, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37871725

RESUMO

The complete healing of skin wounds has been a challenge in clinical treatment. Self-healing hydrogels are special hydrogels formed by distinctive physicochemically reversible bonds, and they are considered promising biomaterials in the biomedical field owing to their inherently good drug-carrying capacity as well as self-healing and repair abilities. Moreover, natural polymeric materials have received considerable attention in skin tissue engineering owing to their low cytotoxicity, low immunogenicity, and excellent biodegradation rates. In this paper, we review recent advances in the design of self-healing hydrogels based on natural polymers for skin-wound healing applications. First, we outline a variety of natural polymers that can be used to construct self-healing hydrogel systems and highlight the advantages and disadvantages of different natural polymers. We then describe the principle of self-healing hydrogels in terms of two different crosslinking mechanisms-physical and chemical-and dissect their performance characteristics based on the practical needs of skin-trauma applications. Next, we outline the biological mechanisms involved in the healing of skin wounds and describe the current application strategies for self-healing hydrogels based on these mechanisms. Finally, we analyze and summarize the challenges and prospects of natural-material-based self-healing hydrogels for skin applications.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Prunella , Hidrogéis/química , Cicatrização , Pele/metabolismo , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Polímeros/química
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