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2.
Korean J Med Educ ; 36(2): 137-143, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38835307

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to analyze the research trends of the Korean Journal of Medical Education (KJME) since it became an English-language journal. METHODS: A total of 274 articles published in KJME from 2016 to 2023 were analyzed. All article types were included in the analysis. NetMiner ver. 4.0 (Cyram Inc., Korea) was used for the main keyword and topic modeling analysis. RESULTS: Of the 274 articles, 170 (62%) and 104 (38%) were by domestic and international authors, respectively. The main keywords with high frequency were "students," "learning," "experience," "pandemic," and "perception." Three topics were derived using topic matching analysis: "residents' perception and attitude of the pandemic," "assessment of learning and achievement," and "learning experiences in the pandemic." CONCLUSION: Since the shift to English-language journals, medical education research has witnessed an increase in the number of articles published by international authors. Research on postgraduate education has increased. Research topics are relevant to situations such as the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. These findings can help researchers select research topics and encourage them to submit their research to the journal.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Humanos , República da Coreia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pesquisa , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Bibliometria
8.
Soc Sci Med ; 351 Suppl 1: 116379, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825372

RESUMO

A nascent body of work has begun exploring the health consequences of structural sexism. This article provides an overview of the concept of structural sexism and an elaboration of the potential pathways connecting it to health. Next, it reviews existing measurement approaches and the current state of empirical evidence on the relationship between structural sexism and health in the United States. Finally, it highlights key priorities for future research, which include: expanding and refining measures, increasing public data availability, broadening the scope of inquiry to include a wider range of outcomes, exploring mechanisms, incorporating intersectionality, and applying a life course lens.


Assuntos
Sexismo , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Pesquisa/tendências , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Feminino
9.
Glob Health Action ; 17(1): 2353957, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826144

RESUMO

As the world is facing challenges such as pandemics, climate change, conflicts, and changing political landscapes, the need to secure access to safe and high-quality abortion care is more urgent than ever. On 27th of June 2023, the Swedish government decided to cut funding resources available for developmental research, which has played a fundamental role in the advancement of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) globally, including abortion care. Withdrawal of this funding not only threatens the fulfilment of the United Nations sustainable development goals (SDGS) - target 3.7 on ensuring universal access to SRHR and target 5 on gender equality - but also jeopardises two decades of research capacity strengthening. In this article, we describe how the partnerships that we have built over the course of two decades have amounted to numerous publications, doctoral graduates, and important advancements within the field of SRHR in East Africa and beyond.


Main findings: The two-decade long collaboration between Sweden and East Africa, funded by the Swedish government, has resulted in important partnerships, research findings, and advancements within sexual and reproductive health and rights in East Africa.Added knowledge: The Swedish government is now cutting funding for development research, which jeopardises the progress made so far.Global health impact for policy and action: Governments need to prioritise women's sexual and reproductive health and rights.


Assuntos
Fortalecimento Institucional , Saúde Reprodutiva , Saúde Sexual , Humanos , Fortalecimento Institucional/organização & administração , Saúde Reprodutiva/educação , Saúde Sexual/educação , África Oriental , Pesquisa/organização & administração , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Aborto Induzido
10.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0303275, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829844

RESUMO

The engagement in research, as the primary form of learning engagement for PhD students, is crucial for enhancing their competitive edge. Academic passion, a key determinant of learning engagement, plays a significant role in driving the research enthusiasm of PhD students. However, the "black box" concerning whether and how academic passion influences PhD students' research engagement remains to be explored. Addressing this gap, the present study draws upon self-determination theory, adopts the "motivation-behavior-effect" analytical framework, and incorporates ambidextrous learning as a mediator to elucidate the specific pathway through which academic passion impacts PhD students' engagement in research activities. Furthermore, it examines the facilitating role of the academic climate in this process. From December 2022 to March 2023, a questionnaire survey was conducted, collecting 522 responses from PhD students across 25 universities in China. The survey primarily assessed the PhD students' academic passion, ambidextrous learning behaviors (including tendencies towards exploratory and exploitative learning), and their perceived academic climate, investigating how these factors collectively influence their engagement in research activities. The questionnaire data were analyzed using a combination of SEM and bootstrapping with SPSS 26.0 and Mplus 8.3 software. The findings reveal that academic passion significantly positively affects PhD students' research engagement; ambidextrous learning (exploratory and exploitative learning) mediates the relationship between academic passion and PhD students' research engagement; and the academic climate effectively facilitates the transformation of PhD students' academic passion into ambidextrous learning (exploratory and exploitative learning). The study's conclusions not only foster PhD students' enthusiasm for research but also enhance learning effectiveness and innovation vitality, providing a theoretical basis for reforming the doctoral training system.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Motivação , Estudantes , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Educação de Pós-Graduação , China , Universidades , Pesquisa , Adulto Jovem
12.
Am J Occup Ther ; 78(4)2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861551

RESUMO

Occupational therapists view play through a unique lens. Considering play as a human occupation, and one to which all people have a right, places occupational therapists among a special group of professionals championing play. This State of the Science article seeks to increase awareness regarding the occupational therapy profession's contributions and to situate those contributions within the larger body of literature on play while also promoting further study of play as an occupation.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Jogos e Brinquedos , Humanos , Pesquisa
14.
F1000Res ; 13: 324, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38826614

RESUMO

Background: The crisis in research culture is well documented, covering issues such as a tendency for quantity over quality, unhealthy competitive environments, and assessment based on publications, journal prestige and funding. In response, research institutions need to assess their own practices to promote and advocate for change in the current research ecosystem. The purpose of the scoping review was to explore ' What does the evidence say about the 'problem' with 'poor' research culture, what are the benefits of 'good' research culture, and what does 'good' look like?' Aims: To examine the peer-reviewed and grey literature to explore the interplay between research culture, open research, career paths, recognition and rewards, and equality, diversity, and inclusion, as part of a larger programme of activity for a research institution. Methods: A scoping review was undertaken. Six databases were searched along with grey literature. Eligible literature had relevance to academic research institutions, addressed research culture, and were published between January 2017 to May 2022. Evidence was mapped and themed to specific categories. The search strategy, screening and analysis took place between April-May 2022. Results: 1666 titles and abstracts, and 924 full text articles were assessed for eligibility. Of these, 253 articles met the eligibility criteria for inclusion. A purposive sampling of relevant websites was drawn from to complement the review, resulting in 102 records included in the review. Key areas for consideration were identified across the four themes of job security, wellbeing and equality of opportunity, teamwork and interdisciplinary, and research quality and accountability. Conclusions: There are opportunities for research institutions to improve their own practice, however institutional solutions cannot act in isolation. Research institutions and research funders need to work together to build a more sustainable and inclusive research culture that is diverse in nature and supports individuals' well-being, career progression and performance.


Assuntos
Pesquisa , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional
15.
HIV Res Clin Pract ; 25(1): 2358724, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38831680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: People living with HIV experience higher rates of cognitive impairment (CI), and at younger ages, than the general population. These individuals report poor health-related quality of life (HRQL), however, interventions aimed at assisting people living with HIV to live well with CI do not currently exist and represent an important un-met need in this population. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the lived experience research priorities for improving HRQL and identify interventions to support priority areas. METHODS: A Research Advisory Group was established with 15 lived experience, academic, healthcare, and third sector professionals. Additionally, two semi-structured focus groups were undertaken, with health and third sector professionals and people living with HIV with CI. Participants were asked to rank factors impacting HRQL, identified in prior research, in terms of priority and intervention development. Findings were analysed using a combination of conventional and summative content analysis. Study findings were feedback to our Research Advisory Group. RESULTS: Five people living with HIV with CI, recruited through third sector agencies [Male 80%; median age 59 (range 56-78); White British 60%; homosexual 60%], and three healthcare and third sector participants (66% third sector professionals from two local HIV charities; 33% HIV-specific clinical psychologist) took part in two focus groups and ranked interventions targeting improvement in physical function, social connectedness, cognition and perceived control over cognitive health as priority areas. Findings were then fed back to the Research Advisory Group who recommended the development of an illness-specific cognitive rehabilitation programme and improved information provision as important avenues for intervention development. CONCLUSION: Given the absence of meaningful patient and public involvement, intervention, and support guidelines for people living with HIV with CI, this provides a roadmap for future research in this important and growing area of HIV clinical care.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Grupos Focais , Infecções por HIV , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Feminino , Idoso , Pesquisa
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 121(25): e2306991121, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38830112

RESUMO

Research has the potential to simultaneously generate new knowledge and contribute meaningful social-ecological benefits; however, research processes and outcomes can also perpetuate extractive patterns that have manifested the climate, biodiversity, and social justice crises. One approach to enhance the societal value of research processes is to strengthen relationships with places of study and the peoples of those places. Deepening relational engagement with the social-ecological context and history of a place can lead to more accurate results and improved public trust in the scientific process and is particularly important for natural scientists who work at the interface of nature and society. We provide three actionable pathways that range from individual to systemic change to enhance place-based relationships within research systems: 1) deepen reflection and communication about relationships with places and peoples; 2) strengthen collaboration among research teams and partners; and 3) transform systems of knowledge creation to foster place-based roots. Action on any of these proposed pathways, but especially action taken across all three, can build empathy and connections to place and people, strengthening the meaningful impact of research both locally and globally.


Assuntos
Pesquisa , Humanos , Justiça Social , Comunicação , Comportamento Cooperativo
19.
PLoS One ; 19(6): e0305162, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861568

RESUMO

Using a multilevel modelling approach to analyse a novel dataset of academic publications at all business schools in 11 European countries, this paper finds that the influence of organisational- and country-level contextual factors on researchers varies considerably based on the type of institution and the development level of the country they are located in. At the organisational-level, we find that greater spatial connectivity-operationalised through proximity to nearby business schools, rail stations, and airports-is positively related to scientific research volume and public dissemination (news mentions). While this result is significant only for high-income countries (above EU-average 2018 GDP per capita), this is likely because the low-income countries (below EU-average 2018 GDP per capita) examined here lack a 'critical mass' of well-connected universities to generate observable agglomeration effects. At the country-level, the results indicate that in high-income countries, less prestigious schools benefit from higher rates of recent international immigration from any foreign country, providing a direct policy pathway for increasing research output for universities that aren't already well-known enough to attract the most talented researchers. In low-income countries, recent immigration rates are even stronger predictors of research performance across all levels of institutional prestige; more open immigration policies would likely benefit research performance in these countries to an even greater extent. Finally, the paper's results show that, in low-income countries, a composite measure of a country's quality of life (including self-rated life satisfaction, health, working hours, and housing overcrowding) is positively related to research outcomes through its interaction with school prestige. This suggests that the lower a country's quality of life, the more researchers are incentivised to produce higher levels of research output. While this may in part reflect the greater disparities inherent in these countries' economic systems, it is noteworthy-and perhaps concerning-that we have observed a negative correlation between country-level quality of life and research performance in low-income countries, which is particularly felt by researchers at less prestigious institutions.


Assuntos
Comércio , Humanos , Europa (Continente) , Universidades , Pesquisa , Emigração e Imigração
20.
F1000Res ; 13: 238, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863989

RESUMO

Background: The Africa Capacity Building Initiative (ACBI) programme aimed to 'strengthen the research and training capacity of higher education institutions and support the development of individual scientists in sub-Saharan Africa through UK-Africa research collaborations' including by funding PhD studentships. We conducted research to understand students' experiences and to see how consortia-based programmes such as ACBI and their own institutions can enhance PhD students' research environment and progress. Methods: In-depth interviews with 35 ACBI-funded PhD students explored their perspectives about how their research and personal development benefitted from belonging to a research consortium. Questionnaires were used to corroborate interview findings. Results: Students recognised that membership of a research consortium provided many benefits compared to less well-resourced peers. By drawing on the programme and consortiums' resources, they were often able to overcome some limitations in their own institution's systems and facilities. Through their consortia they could access a wide range of international expertise and support from mentors and colleagues for their technical and psychosocial needs. Multiple consortia opportunities for engaging with the international scientific community and for networking, gave them confidence and motivation and enhanced their career prospects. Conclusion: Our study and its recommendations highlight how the breadth and diversity of resources available to PhD students through research consortia can be harnessed to facilitate students' progress and to create a supportive and conducive research environment. It also underlines how, through a multi-level approach, consortia can contribute to longer-term improvements in institutional research environments for PhD students.


Assuntos
Estudantes , África Subsaariana , Humanos , Estudantes/psicologia , Educação de Pós-Graduação , Pesquisa/educação , Masculino , Feminino , Fortalecimento Institucional , Inquéritos e Questionários
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