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JAMA ; 331(13): 1083-1084, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436995


This Viewpoint discusses the Alabama Supreme Court's opinion on in vitro fertilization and how it plays into a larger push for fetal and embryonic personhood.

Política , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Criança , Humanos , Alabama , Estados Unidos , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos/legislação & jurisprudência , Estruturas Embrionárias
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (60): 75-89, Mar. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-230473


O presente artigo está voltado às questões referentes aos direitos reprodutivos e ao parto cesárea das mulheres em Moçambique. O objetivo foi analisar as ações/estratégias governamentais e não governamentais que visem a efetivação dos direitos reprodutivos das mulheres submetidas ao parto cesárea em Moçambique, discutindo sobre as fragilidades que configuram a violação desses direitos. Para tanto, foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura nas bases de dados Elsevier, GALE, PubMed, Web of Science e DOAJ a partir da combinação dos descritores cesarean section OR reproductive rights AND Mozambique. Depois de aplicadas as estratégias de inclusão e exclusão, resultaram 13 artigos elegíveis para elaboração do presente estudo. Os resultados apontam para a falta de aplicabilidade das ações governamentais que, apesar de existirem, ainda são ineficazes para que as mulheres de Moçambique tenham seus direitos reprodutivos garantidos e assistidos.(AU)

Aquest article es centra en qüestions relacionades amb els drets reproductius i el part per cesària de les dones a Moçambic. L'objectiu era analitzar les accions/estratègies tant governamentalscom no governamentals que busquen l'efectivitat dels drets reproductius de les dones sotmeses a cesària a Moçambic, discutint les debilitats que constitueixen la violació d'aquests drets. Per fer-ho, es va realitzar una revisió integradora de la literatura a les bases de dades Elsevier, GALE, PubMed, Web of Science i DOAJ a partir de la combinació dels descriptors cesarean section OR reproductive rights AND Mozambique. Després d'aplicar les estratègies d'inclusió i exclusió, es van obtenir 13 articles elegibles per a l'elaboració del present estudi. Els resultats assenyalen la manca d'aplicabilitat de les accions governamentals que, malgrat existir, encara són ineficaços per garantir i atendre els drets reproductius de les dones a Moçambic.(AU)

El presente artículo se centra en cuestiones relacionadas con los derechos reproductivos y el parto por cesárea de las mujeres en Mozambique. El objetivo fue analizar las acciones/estrategias gubernamentales y no gubernamentales que buscan la efectividad de los derechos reproductivos de las mujeres sometidas a cesárea en Mozambique, discutiendo las debilidades que constituyen la violación de estos derechos. Para ello, se realizó una revisión integradora de la literatura en las bases de datos Elsevier, GALE, PubMed, Web of Science y DOAJ a partir de la combinación de los descriptores cesarean section OR reproductive rights AND Mozambique. Después de aplicar las estrategias de inclusión y exclusión, se obtuvieron 13 artículos elegibles para la elaboración del presente estudio. Los resultados señalan la falta de aplicabilidad de las acciones gubernamentales que, a pesar de existir, aún son ineficaces para garantizary atender los derechos reproductivos de las mujeres en Mozambique.(AU)

This article addresses issues related to reproductive rights and cesarean delivery for women in Mozambique. The objective was to analyze governmental and non-governmental actions / strategies aimed at the realization of the reproductive rights of women submitted to cesarean delivery in Mozambique, discussing the weaknesses that constitute the violation of these rights. To this end, an integrative literature review was carried out in the Elsevier, GALE, PubMed, Web of Science and DOAJ databases based on the combination of the descriptors cesarean section OR reproductive rights AND Mozambique. After applying the inclusion and exclusion strategies, 14 articles were eligible for the preparation of this study. The results point to the lack of applicability of government actions that, although they exist, are still ineffective for women in Mozambique to have their reproductive rights fully guaranteed and assisted.(AU)

Humanos , Feminino , Política de Saúde , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Cesárea , 17627 , Bioética , Moçambique
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 39: 100950, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335840


OBJECTIVE: Young people are prioritized regarding the promotion and safeguarding of sexual and reproductive health and rights - SRHR. In Sweden, the school is seen as an important arena with members of the school health-care or SHC team as vital actors in this work. This study explored SRHR-related work in SHC teams in Sweden. METHODS: Within an explorative qualitative design, structured interviews were conducted with 33 nurses, counsellors, SHC unit managers and headmasters. Reflexive thematic analysis was applied, and two main themes found. RESULTS: SHC team members see SRHR as an urgent topic, but address it only 'when necessary', not systematically - and they experience a shortage of guidance and cooperation regarding SRHR-related work. Even in a country with agreement on the importance of SRHR for all and on providing holistic comprehensive sex education in schools, young people are left to chance - i.e., to the SRHR competence in the professionals they meet. CONCLUSION: SHC team members in Sweden see SRHR as an urgent topic but do not address it systematically. Moreover, they experience a shortage of guidance for their work. To avoid any professional stress of conscience and for equitable school health care regarding SRHR to be realized, research-informed policy needs to underline systematic, comparable and proactive practice.

Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva , Saúde Reprodutiva , Humanos , Adolescente , Comportamento Sexual , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
BMJ Glob Health ; 9(2)2024 02 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365430


Laws and regulations provide the framework for implementing sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR)-related policies, programmes and services. They can promote the fulfilment of health and human rights; however, they may also limit the achievement of these goals. This study uses data collected under Sustainable Development Goal Indicator 5.6.2 to analyse SRHR-related laws and restrictions from 153 countries. Looking beyond the existence of supportive laws to assess the constellation of legal restrictions and contradictions such as criminalisation and plural legal systems provides a more nuanced understanding of factors involved in achieving full and equal access to SRHR.The interaction between restrictions and contradictions within the law disproportionately impacts some populations' health access and outcomes. Restrictions based on third-party authorisations and age are the most common restriction types, disproportionately impacting young women. Contraception, emergency contraception and abortion face the greatest number of restrictions, indicating a significant layering of barriers to family planning services. Further, plural legal systems commonly contradict guarantees of contraceptive services and emergency contraception. Our analyses suggest that one of the populations most affected by restrictions to SRH services as they appear in legal and regulatory frameworks is adolescent girls and young women in sub-Saharan Africa seeking abortion or contraceptive services.Study findings provide a critical starting point for advocacy to address legal barriers to SRH services and evidence for future policy and programming. For individual countries, this study can serve as a model for analysis of their own legal and regulatory frameworks to identify priority areas for reform efforts.

Saúde Reprodutiva , Comportamento Sexual , Gravidez , Adolescente , Humanos , Feminino , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Política de Saúde , Anticoncepcionais
Indian J Med Ethics ; IX(1): 3-6, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375643


The 22nd Law Commission of India (henceforth, the Commission) [1], in its recent 283rd report, offered its recommendation on the question of age of consent (AoC) to sexual activity. Two High Courts which have seen several cases of non-exploitative consensual sex involving adolescent girls, filed by the police under "sexual assault", had referred this issue to the Commission. The substantive matter before the Commission was whether to lower the AoC to prevent unnecessary prosecutions and resolve the contradictions in sexual violence laws. In this regard, we find the report rather disappointing. It is a lost opportunity to decriminalise adolescent sexuality, to restore the autonomy of adolescent girls over their bodies, uphold their sexual and reproductive rights, and respect their evolving capacity to exercise their sexuality. The Commission has also let go of a chance to undo a highly protectionist clause in the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), 2012 [2] which renders all sexual activity of individuals under the age of 18 an offence. It failed to reiterate the progressive recommendations made by the Justice Verma Committee Report in 2013 [3] in this regard, which had come after extensive deliberations and were widely welcomed by stakeholders.

Delitos Sexuais , Comportamento Sexual , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Justiça Social , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido
Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am ; 51(1): 211-221, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38267129


There is a long-standing history of reproductive oppression in the United States which impacts how patients, particularly those from marginalized communities, receive reproductive health services today. The reproductive justice (RJ) framework is a tool to support people to become pregnant, to not become pregnant, and to parent in safe communities. In this review, the authors provide essential background about this history and how those in reproductive health care can use the RJ framework through an intersectional lens to achieve inclusive reproductive goals and advocate for comprehensive access to family planning care, including contraceptive and abortion care.

Anticoncepcionais , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Pais , Saúde Reprodutiva , Justiça Social , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos