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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 288, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627611

RESUMO

One of the major problems endangering plant growth and productivity worldwide is salt stress. This study aimed to assess the effects of potassium silicate (K2O3Si) on the physical, biochemical, and morphological characteristics of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) under various levels of salinity stress. The plants were treated with K2O3Si at concentrations of 0, 1, 2, and 3 mM and cultivated under different salt stress conditions (0, 80, 160, and 240 mM NaCl). The findings revealed that salt stress led to decreased root and shoot dry weights, Fv/Fm ratio, chlorophyll a, b, and total chlorophyll, as well as inulin contents. However, foliar exposure to K2O3Si at all salinity levels resulted in improvements in the measured traits. As salinity levels increased, there was a corresponding increase in the accumulation of sodium ions (Na+) and a sharp reduction in potassium ions (K +) in the shoot. Nonetheless, treatment with K2O3Si caused a decrease in Na + accumulation and an improvement in K+ content under all salinity levels. Carotenoid content increased under 80 mM salinity stress, but decreased with higher salinity levels. Application of K2O3Si at all levels resulted in increased carotenoid content under salinity stress conditions. The content of MDA increased significantly with increasing salinity stress, particularly at 240 mM. However, foliar spraying with K2O3Si significantly decreased MDA content at all salinity levels. Salinity stress up to 160 mM increased the total phenol, flavonoid, and anthocyanin contents, while 240 mM NaCl decreased the biosynthesis of phytochemicals. Additionally, the use of K2O3Si increased the content of total phenol, flavonoid, and anthocyanin at all salt levels. Foliar application of K2O3Si increased the tolerance of chicory plants to salinity stress by reducing MDA and increasing phenolic compounds and potassium content. These results suggest that exogenous K2O3Si can be a practical strategy to improve the growth and yield of chicory plants exposed to saline environments.


Assuntos
Chicória , Clorofila A , Potássio , Antocianinas , Cloreto de Sódio , Estresse Salino , Antioxidantes , Íons , Silicatos , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Carotenoides , Fenóis , Salinidade , Estresse Fisiológico
2.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 242-248, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597084

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to observe the outcomes of iRoot BP Plus full pulpotomy in primary molars with partial irreversible pulpitis retrospectively. METHODS: Collect 102 cases of primary molars with partial irreversible pulpitis undergoing iRoot BP Plus full pulpotomy from January 2019 to August 2023, with a follow-up period of 24-47 months. Based on the presence of irreversible pulpitis symptoms before surgery, the included cases will be divided into asymptomatic group (n=53) and symptomatic group (n=49). Observe the clinical and imaging success rates of both groups. RESULTS: Clinical success rates were 96.2% and 97.9% in asymptomatic and symptomatic groups, and radiographic success rates were 96.2% and 93.9% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: iRoot BP Plus full pulpotomy can be used for the treatment of primary molars with partial irreversible pulpitis under an enhanced pulpotomy protocol.


Assuntos
Pulpite , Pulpotomia , Humanos , Pulpotomia/métodos , Pulpite/cirurgia , Pulpite/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e028, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597547

RESUMO

Acidic pH can modify the properties of repair cements. In this study, volumetric change and solubility of the ready-to-use bioceramic repair cement Bio-C Repair (BCR, Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil) were evaluated after immersion in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) (pH 7.0) or butyric acid (pH 4.5). Solubility was determined by the difference in initial and final mass using polyethylene tubes measuring 4 mm high and 6.70 mm in internal diameter that were filled with BCR and immersed in 7.5 mL of PBS or butyric acid for 7 days. The volumetric change was established by using bovine dentin tubes measuring 4 mm long with an internal diameter of 1.5 mm. The dentin tubes were filled with BCR at 37°C for 24 hours. Scanning was performed with micro-computed tomography (micro-CT; SkyScan 1176, Bruker, Kontich, Belgium) with a voxel size of 8.74 µm. Then, the specimens were immersed in 1.5 mL of PBS or butyric acid at and 37 °C for 7 days. After this period, a new micro-CT scan was performed. Bio-C Repair showed greater mass loss after immersion in butyric acid when compared with immersion in PBS (p<0.05). Bio-C Repair showed volumetric loss after immersion in butyric acid and increase in volume after immersion in PBS (p<0.05). The acidic pH influenced the solubility and dimensional stability of the Bio-C Repair bioceramic cement, promoting a higher percentage of solubility and decrease in volumetric values.


Assuntos
Óxidos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Animais , Bovinos , Solubilidade , Óxidos/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Ácido Butírico , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos Dentários/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Silicatos/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química
4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 265(Pt 1): 130827, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484823

RESUMO

The treatment of large craniofacial bone defects requires more advanced and effective strategies than bone grafts since such defects are challenging and cannot heal without intervention. In this regard, 3D printing offers promising solutions through the fabrication of scaffolds with the required shape, porosity, and various biomaterials suitable for specific tissues. In this study, 3D-printed polycaprolactone (PCL)-based scaffolds containing up to 30 % tricalcium silicate (TCS) were fabricated and then modified by incorporation of decellularized bone matrix- oxidized sodium alginate (DBM-OA). The results showed that the addition of 20 % TCS increased compressive modulus by 4.5-fold, yield strength by 12-fold, and toughness by 15-fold compared to pure PCL. In addition, the samples containing TCS revealed the formation of crystalline phases with a Ca/P ratio near that of hydroxyapatite (1.67). Cellular experiment results demonstrated that TCS have improved the biocompatibility of PCL-based scaffolds. On day 7, the scaffolds modified with DBM and 20 % TCS exhibited 8-fold enhancement of ALP activity of placenta-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (P-MSCs) compared to pure PCL scaffolds. The present study's results suggest that the incorporation of TCS and DBM-OA into the PCL-based scaffold improves its mechanical behavior, bioactivity, biocompatibility, and promotes mineralization and early osteogenic activity.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Silicatos , Engenharia Tecidual , Tecidos Suporte , Engenharia Tecidual/métodos , Tecidos Suporte/química , Poliésteres/química , Osteogênese , Impressão Tridimensional
5.
Luminescence ; 39(3): e4698, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462505

RESUMO

In this study, cerium ion (Ce3+ )-doped calcium scandium silicate garnet (Ca3 Sc2 Si3 O12 , abbreviated CSSG) phosphors were successfully synthesized using the sol-gel method. The crystal phase, morphology, and photoluminescence properties of the synthesized phosphors were thoroughly investigated. Under excitation by a blue light-emitting diode (LED) chip (450 nm), the CSSG phosphor displayed a wide emission spectrum spanning from green to yellow. Remarkably, the material exhibited exceptional thermal stability, with an emissivity ratio at 150°C to that at 25°C reaching approximately 85%. Additionally, the material showcased impressive optical performance when tested with a blue LED chip, including a color rendering index (CRI) exceeding 90, an R9 value surpassing 50, and a biological impact ratio (M/P) above 0.6. These noteworthy findings underscore the potential applications of CSSG as a white light-converting phosphor, particularly in the realm of human-centered lighting.


Assuntos
Cério , Iluminação , Humanos , Luz , Silicatos/química , Cálcio , Cério/química
6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 188, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Root-end filling is important for the clinical outcome of endodontic microsurgery. Our previous study showed that combined application of iRoot BP Plus Root Repair Material (BP-RRM) and iRoot SP Injectable Root Canal Sealer (SP-RCS) in root-end filling exhibited better apical sealing as compared to the application of BP-RRM alone. The aim of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of the combined use of BP-RRM and SP-RCS on the prognosis of teeth with refractory periapical diseases after endodontic microsurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 240 teeth with refractory periapical diseases scheduled for endodontic microsurgery were randomly divided into BP-RRM/SP-RCS group (n = 120) and BP-RRM group (n = 120). The patients were followed up at 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months after endodontic microsurgery. Pre- and post-operative clinical and radiographic examinations were performed to evaluate the treatment outcome. The 1-year success rate of endodontic microsurgery in BP-RRM/SP-RCS and BP-RRM groups was compared by Chi-square test. Factors that might impact the prognosis were further analyzed using Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: A total of 221 teeth completed the 12-month follow-up. The 1-year success rates of the BP-RRM/SP-RCS and BP-RRM groups were 94.5% (104/110) and 92.8% (103/111), respectively. The combined use of BP-RRM and SP-RCS achieved a clinical outcome comparable to BP-RRM alone (P = 0.784). Tooth type (P = 0.002), through-and-through/apico-marginal lesion (P = 0.049), periodontal status (P < 0.0001), and Kim's lesion classification (P < 0.0001) were critical factors associated with the 1-year success of endodontic microsurgery. CONCLUSIONS: The combined use of BP-RRM and SP-RCS is a practicable method for root-end filling in endodontic microsurgery with a satisfactory 1-year clinical outcome. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The combined application of BP-RRM and SP-RCS in EMS is an effective root-end filling method with a satisfactory 1-year clinical outcome. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2100052174).


Assuntos
Doenças Periapicais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Humanos , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Microcirurgia/métodos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Silicatos/uso terapêutico
7.
Waste Manag ; 178: 331-338, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430747

RESUMO

The combination of microbial electrolytic cells and anaerobic digestion (MEC-AD) became an efficient method to improve CO2 capture for waste sludge treatment. By adding CaCl2 and wollastonite, the CO2 sequestration effect with mineral carbonation under 0 V and 0.8 V was studied. The results showed that applied voltage could increase dissolved chemical oxygen demand (SCOD) degradation efficiency and biogas yield effectively. In addition, wollastonite and CaCl2 exhibited different CO2 sequestration performances due to different Ca2+ release characteristics. Wollastonite appeared to have a better CO2 sequestration effect and provided a wide margin of pH change, but CaCl2 released Ca2+ directly and decreased the pH of the MEC-AD system. The results showed methane yield reached 137.31 and 163.50 mL/g SCOD degraded and CO2 content of biogas is only 12.40 % and 2.22 % under 0.8 V with CaCl2 and wollastonite addition, respectively. Finally, the contribution of chemical CO2 sequestration by mineral carbonation and biological CO2 sequestration by hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis was clarified with CaCl2 addition. The chemical and biological CO2 sequestration percentages were 46.79 % and 53.21 % under 0.8 V, respectively. With the increased applied voltage, the contribution of chemical CO2 sequestration rose accordingly. The findings in this study are of great significance for further comprehending the mechanism of calcium addition on CO2 sequestration in the MEC-AD system and providing guidance for the later engineering application.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Dióxido de Carbono , Esgotos , Silicatos , Dióxido de Carbono/química , Anaerobiose , Biocombustíveis , Cloreto de Cálcio , Minerais , Carbonatos , Metano , Reatores Biológicos
8.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299552, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483853

RESUMO

This research aimed to assess the stress distribution in lower premolars that were obturated with BioRoot RCS or AH Plus, with or without gutta percha (GP), and subjected to vertical and oblique forces. One 3D geometric model of a mandibular second premolar was created using SolidWorks software. Eight different scenarios representing different root canal filling techniques, single cone technique with GP and bulk technique with sealer only with occlusal load directions were simulated as follows: Model 1 (BioRoot RCS sealer and GP under vertical load [VL]), Model 2 (BioRoot RCS sealer and GP under oblique load [OL]), Model 3 (AH Plus sealer with GP under VL), Model 4 (AH Plus sealer with GP under OL), Model 5 (BioRoot RCS sealer in bulk under VL), Model 6 (BioRoot RCS in bulk under OL), Model 7 (AH Plus sealer in bulk under VL), and Model 8 (AH Plus sealer in bulk under OL). A static load of 200 N was applied at three occlusal contact points, with a 45° angle from lingual to buccal. The von Mises stresses in root dentin were higher in cases where AH Plus was used compared to BioRoot RCS. Furthermore, shifting the load to an oblique direction resulted in increased stress levels. Replacing GP with sealer material had no effect on the dentin maximum von Mises stress in BioRoot RCS cases. Presence of a core material resulted in lower stress in dentin for AH Plus cases, however, it did not affect the stress levels in dentin for cases filled with BioRoot RCS. Stress distribution in the dentin under oblique direction was higher regardless of sealer or technique used.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Resinas Epóxi , Cavidade Pulpar , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Teste de Materiais , Guta-Percha , Silicatos
9.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 352, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AH Plus, an epoxy resin-based sealer, is widely used in endodontic practice, owing to its good physical properties that confers longstanding dimensional stability and good adhesion to dentin. Nevertheless, its propensity to trigger inflammation, especially in its freshly mixed state, has been extensively documented. Phytochemicals such as Petasin, Pachymic acid, Curcumin, and Shilajit are known for their anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. This study aimed to analyze and determine the effect of these natural products on the physical properties of AH Plus sealer when incorporated with the sealer. METHODS: AH Plus (AHR) sealer was mixed with 10% petasin, 0.75% pachymic, 0.5% and 6%shilajit to obtain AHP, AHA, AHC and AHS in the ratio of 10:1 and 5:1 respectively. Five samples of each material were assessed for setting time, solubility, flow, and dimensional stability in accordance with the ISO 6876:2012 standardization. Sealers were characterized through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Statistical evaluation involved the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilks tests for normality and the one-way ANOVA test for analysis. RESULTS: In this investigation, the characterisation analysis revealed a relatively similar microstructure in all the experimental root canal sealers. All experimental groups, excluding the control group, exhibited an increase in flow ranging from 11.9 to 31.4% at a 10:1 ratio. Similarly, for the 5:1 ratio, the increase ranged from 12.02 to 31.83%. In terms of dimensional stability, all groups at the 10:1 ratio showed a decrease compared to the control group. The addition of natural agents to AHR in 10:1 ratio led to a reduction in setting time by 8.9-31.6%, and at a 5:1 ratio, the reduction ranged from 8.1 to 31.5%. However, regarding solubility, the addition of natural agents did not induce any significant alterations. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of this study, it can be concluded that all tested root canal sealers exhibited properties that met the acceptable criteria outlined in the ISO 6876:2012 standardization.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Minerais , Resinas Vegetais , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Sesquiterpenos , Triterpenos , Humanos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Curcumina/farmacologia , Resinas Epóxi , Teste de Materiais , Silicatos/química , Compostos de Cálcio/química
10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6716, 2024 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509345

RESUMO

Cement is the most widely used construction material due to its strength and affordability, but its production is energy intensive. Thus, the need to replace cement with widely available waste material such as incinerated black filter cake (IBFC) in order to reduce energy consumption and the associated CO2 emissions. However, because IBFC is a newly discovered cement replacement material, several parameters affecting the mechanical properties of IBFC-cement composite have not been thoroughly investigated yet. Thus, this work aims to investigate the impact of IBFC as a cement replacement and the addition of the calcifying bacterium Lysinibacillus sp. WH on the mechanical and self-healing properties of IBFC cement pastes. The properties of the IBFC-cement pastes were assessed by determining compressive strength, permeable void, water absorption, cement hydration product, and self-healing property. Increases in IBFC replacement reduced the durability of the cement pastes. The addition of the strain WH to IBFC cement pastes, resulting in biocement, increased the strength of the IBFC-cement composite. A 20% IBFC cement-replacement was determined to be the ideal ratio for producing biocement in this study, with a lower void percentage and water absorption value. Adding strain WH decreases pore sizes, densifies the matrix in ≤ 20% IBFC biocement, and enhances the formation of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) and AFm ettringite phases. Biogenic CaCO3 and C-S-H significantly increase IBFC composite strength, especially at ≤ 20% IBFC replacement. Moreover, IBFC-cement composites with strain WH exhibit self-healing properties, with bacteria precipitating CaCO3 crystals to bridge cracks within two weeks. Overall, this work provides an approach to produce a "green/sustainable" cement using biologically enabled self-healing characteristics.


Assuntos
Saccharum , Silicatos , Compostos de Cálcio , Cimentos Ósseos , Bactérias , Água
11.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0298661, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512829

RESUMO

The selective separation of ions from aqueous systems, and even in the human body, is a crucial to overall environmental management and health. Nanoporous materials are widely known for their selective removal of cations from aqueous media, and therefore have been targeted for use as a pharmaceutical to treat hyperkalemia. This study investigated the detailed crystallographic molecular mechanisms that control the potassium ion selectivity in the nanoporous cubic zirconium silicate (CZS) related materials. Using time-resolved in situ Raman spectroscopy and time-resolved in situ X-ray diffraction, the selectivity mechanisms were determined to involve a synchronous cation-cation repulsion process that serves to open a favorable coordination bonding environment for potassium, not unlike the ion selectivity filter process found in potassium ion channels in proteins. Enhancement of ion exchange was observed when the CZS material was in a partial protonated state (≈3:1 Na:H), causing an expansion of the unit-cell volume, enlargement of the 7 member-ring window, and distortion of framework polyhedra, which allowed increased accessibility to the cage structures and resulted in rapid irreversible potassium ion exchange.


Assuntos
Potássio , Prótons , Silicatos , Humanos , Potássio/metabolismo , Hidrogênio , Troca Iônica , Cátions , Zircônio/química , Preparações Farmacêuticas
12.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(2): 168-173, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514415

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the push-out bond strength of two newly modified mineral trioxide aggregates (MTAs) with conventional MTA and biodentine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Material preparation: Two commercially available bioactive bioceramics: Group I: Mineral trioxide aggregate; Group II: Biodentine; and two newly formulated modified MTAs: Group III: Doxycycline incorporated MTA formulation; Group IV: Metronidazole incorporated MTA formulation was used in the present study. All the test materials were then carried using a plastic instrument to the desired experimental design. Teeth sample preparation: A total of 120 teeth samples were collected and divided into four groups of test materials with 30 teeth samples per group. Single-rooted permanent teeth, that is, incisors were collected and stored in saline until the study was performed. Sectioning of the teeth into 2.0 ± 0.05-mm thick slices was performed perpendicular to the long axis of the tooth. The canal space was instrumented using Gates Glidden burs to achieve a diameter of 1.5 mm. All four prepared materials were mixed and placed in the lumen of the slices and placed in an incubator at 37°C for 72 hours. Push-out test and bond failure pattern evaluation: The push-out test was performed using a universal testing machine. The slices were examined under a scanning electron microscope (SEM) at 40× magnification to determine the nature of bond failure. All the collected data were recorded and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: The mean push-out bond strength was found to be the highest for group II (37.38 ± 1.94 MPa) followed by group III (28.04 ± 2.22 MPa) and group IV (27.83 ± 1.34 MPa). The lowest mean push-out bond strength was noticed with group I (22.89 ± 2.49 MPa). This difference was found to be statistically significant (p = 0.000). Group I samples had the predominantly adhesive type of failure (86.4%), while group II samples showed the cohesive type of failure (94.2%). Both the modified MTAs (groups III and IV) primarily showed mixed types of failures. CONCLUSION: Both the antibacterial-enhanced MTAs had better pushout bond strength compared to conventional MTA but did not outperform biodentine. Hence, it could serve as a substitute for conventional MTA due to its augmented physical properties. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Carious pulp exposure and nonvital open apices pose a critical challenge to pediatric dental practitioners. In such circumstances, maintaining the vitality of pulp and faster healing would help in a better prognosis. Novel MTAs without any cytotoxic components, and enhanced antibacterial contents with augmented physical properties can help in treating such clinical conditions. How to cite this article: Merlin ARS, Ravindran V, Jeevanandan G, et al. Comparative Evaluation of Push-out Bond Strength of Conventional Mineral Trioxide Aggregate, Biodentine, and Two Novel Antibacterial-enhanced Mineral Trioxide Aggregates. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(2):168-173.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Criança , Humanos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Papel Profissional , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Óxidos/uso terapêutico , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Alumínio/química , Combinação de Medicamentos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
13.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(1): 35-40, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514429

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomer cement with two different types of mineral trioxide aggregate at different time intervals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 cylindrical blocks were prepared using a self-cure acrylic resin with a central cavity of 4 mm internal diameter and 2 mm height. The prepared samples were randomly divided into two groups (n = 40 each) according to the type of MTA cements used (ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus). Two groups were further sub-divided into four sub-groups of 10 samples each according to the different time intervals. ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus were placed in the prepared cavity and a wet cotton pellet was placed over the filled cavity. A hollow plastic tube was placed over the MTA surface and resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) was placed into the hollow plastic tube and light-cured (Spectrum 800, Dentsply Caulk Milford, DE, USA) according to the time intervals decided. After light curing the plastic tubes were removed carefully and the specimens were stored at 37°C and 100% humidity for 24 hours to encourage setting of MTA. The specimens were mounted in a universal testing machine (ADMET) and a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min was applied to each specimen by using a knife-edge blade until the bond between the MTA and RMGIC failed. The data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA, post hoc Tukey's t-test and Fisher's t-test and p-value ≤ 0.5 was considered significant. RESULTS: For both ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus there was no statistically significant difference between 45 minutes and 24 hours (p-value ≥ 0.8). For ProRoot MTA, shear bond strength value at 10 minutes were significantly lower than 45 minutes and 24 hours group. However, for MTA Angelus, shear bond strength value at 10 minute was not significantly different from 45 minutes group (p-value ≥ 0.3). For both ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus shear bond strength value at 0 minute were the least and were significantly lower than 10 minutes, 45 minutes, and 24 hours, respectively (p-value ≥ 0.000). CONCLUSION: Resin-modified glass ionomer cement can be layered over MTA Angelus after it is allowed to set for 10 minutes. However, ProRoot MTA should be allowed to set for at least 45 minutes before the placement of RMGIC to achieve better shear bond strength. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Due to the variety of types of mineral trioxide aggregate cements available in dentistry, it is justifiable to emphasize on different time intervals as it may affect the shear bond strength of restorative cements. Such information is pivotal for the clinicians while using mineral aggregate-based cements that receive forces from the condensation of restorative materials or occlusion, as the compressive strength may be affected due to different time intervals. How to cite this article: Tyagi N, Chaman C, Anand S, et al. Comparative Evaluation of Shear Bond Strength of Resin-modified Glass Ionomer Cement with ProRoot MTA and MTA Angelus. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(1):35-40.


Assuntos
Bismuto , Colagem Dentária , Óxidos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Teste de Materiais
14.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(1): 15-19, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514426

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this present study was to compare the dislodgement resistance of calcium silicate-based sealer, zinc oxide sealer, and a new sealer combining both zinc oxide and calcium silicate-based sealer in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 single-rooted human teeth were instrumented with F3 Protaper Gold. All endodontic canals were filled using gutta percha cones using the cold lateral condensation technique in combination using one of the mentioned sealers (n = 20 per group). The teeth were divided into three groups: group A consisted of Sealite® Ultra, group B consisted of K-Sealer®, and group C consisted of BioRoot® RC. After 2 months of incubation (37°C, 100% humidity) and after cutting out 2 mm from the most apical portion of the root apex, six slices of 1 mm thickness were generated. Mechanical dislodgement resistance was examined using a universal pressure-testing machine and the push-out bond strength (POBS) was calculated. Specimens were examined under 20× magnification to define the bond failure mode. Statistical analysis was executed using ANOVA, post hoc Turkey test for pairwise comparisons and Kruskal-Wallis tests. RESULTS: The POBS of BioRoot® was significantly higher than the POBS of the two other sealers with a mean of 10.54 MPa ± 2.10 and 5.73 MPa ± 2.34, respectively (p < 0.001). Sealite® and K-Sealer® showed similar results in the median and coronal part. K-Sealer® revealed highest POBS compared with Sealite® in the apical part (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The POBS of the zinc oxide and calcium silicate-based sealer was significantly lower compared with calcium silicate. Sealite® and K-Sealer® exhibited almost same results. BioRoot showed the highest POBS of all sealers. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The current study was needed to evaluate the bond strength of three different cements to dentinal walls, by evaluating their respective POBS in vitro. The findings of this study may provide guidance for the clinician in the selection of an adequate endodontic sealer that guarantees an enhanced adhesive seal between the Gutta-percha and the dentinal canal walls. How to cite this article: Makhlouf MP, El Helou JD, Zogheib CE, et al. Comparative Evaluation of Push-out Bond Strength of Three Different Root Canal Sealers: An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(1):15-19.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos , Óxido de Zinco , Humanos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Resinas Epóxi , Cavidade Pulpar , Guta-Percha
15.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(1): 92-97, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514438

RESUMO

AIM: This report addresses the management of a large persistent discharging lesion in an 11-year-old boy. The report describes the use of aspiration-irrigation technique for the management of immature necrotic tooth with persistent discharge after a failed regenerative procedure. BACKGROUND: Regenerative endodontics aim to provide an increase in root canal width, length, and in apical closure. Alternative procedures, such as apexification, should be attempted when regeneration fails. If the canal cannot be dried to persistent discharge, the aspiration-irrigation technique can be used. The technique relies on using aspiration along with irrigation to remove pus from the periapical area. CASE DESCRIPTION: This is a case for an 11-year-old patient who had trauma to tooth #11, which resulted in the complicated crown fracture. He had an emergency management that included pulpectomy and intracanal medication at another clinic. Two years later, the patient was presented to our clinic. Upon examination, the diagnosis was previously initiated therapy with asymptomatic apical periodontitis in immature tooth #11. Regeneration was attempted first but failed. The mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) plug was removed, and the canal had persistent pus discharge. The canal was filled with intracanal medication, and then 2 weeks later, the canal was filled with triple antibiotic paste (TAP). Next visit, and due to continuous discharge, tooth #11 was treated conservatively with an intracanal aspiration-irrigation technique. An IrriFlex needle attached to a high-volume suction was used to aspirate the cystic fluid. Mineral trioxide aggregate plug apexification was performed in a later visit and the tooth was restored. CONCLUSION: During the 3-month and 16-month follow-up, there was resolution of the symptoms, a decrease in the periapical lesion size, and soft tissues appeared within normal limits. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Regenerative procedures are a good option for immature necrotic teeth. These procedures may fail due to persistent pus discharge from the root canals. The aspiration-irrigation technique is a good treatment option in cases of consciously discharging canals. How to cite this article: Alsofi L, Almarzouki S. Failed Regenerative Endodontic Case Treated by Modified Aspiration-irrigation Technique and Apexification. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(1):92-97.


Assuntos
Endodontia Regenerativa , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Apexificação/métodos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Ápice Dentário/patologia , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Óxidos/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Supuração/tratamento farmacológico , Supuração/patologia , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia
16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 195, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cytocompatibility, bioactivity, and anti-inflammatory potential of the new pre-mixed calcium silicate cement-based sealers Bioroot Flow (BrF) and AH Plus Bioceramic Sealer (AHPbcs) on human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) compared to the epoxy resin-based sealer AH Plus (AHP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized discs and 1:1, 1:2, and 1:4 eluates of BrF, AHPbcs and AHP after setting were prepared. The following assays were performed: cell attachment and morphology via SEM, cell viability via a MTT assay, cell migration/proliferation via a wound-healing assay, cytoskeleton organization via immunofluorescence staining; cytokine release via ELISA; osteo/cemento/odontogenic marker expression via RT-qPCR, and cell mineralized nodule formation via Alizarin Red S staining. HPDLSCs were isolated from extracted third molars from healthy patients. Comparisons were made with hPDLSCs cultured in unconditioned (negative control) or osteogenic (positive control) culture media. Statistical significance was established at p < 0.05. RESULTS: Both BrF and AHPbcs showed significantly positive results in the cytocompatibility assays (cell metabolic activity, migration, attachment, morphology, and cytoskeleton organization) compared with a negative control group, while AHP showed significant negative results. BrF exhibited an upregulation of at least one osteo/cementogenic marker compared to the negative and positive control groups. BrF showed a significantly higher calcified nodule formation than AHPbcs, the negative and positive control groups, while AHPbcs was higher than the negative control group. Both were also significantly higher than AHP group. CONCLUSION: BrF and AHPbcs exhibit adequate and comparable cytocompatibility on hPDLSCs. BrF also promoted the osteo/cementogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs. Both calcium silicate-based sealers favored the downregulation of the inflammatory cytokine IL-6 and the calcified nodule formation from hPDLSCs. BrF exerted a significantly higher influence on cell mineralization than AHPbcs. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This is the first study to elucidate the biological properties and immunomodulatory potential of Bioroot Flow and AH Plus Bioceramic Sealer. The results act as supporting evidence for their use in root canal treatment.


Assuntos
Alopecia/congênito , Compostos de Cálcio , Resinas Epóxi , Ligamento Periodontal , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Silicatos , Humanos , Citocinas
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133994, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503210

RESUMO

The efficient remediation of the soil co-contaminated with heavy metals and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) from electronic disassembly zones is a new challenge. Here, we screened a fungus of F. solani (F.s) can immobilize Cd and remove PBDEs. wIt combined with tourmaline enhances the remediation of co- pollutants in the soil. Furthermore, the environment risks of the enhanced technology were assessed through the amount of Cd/BDE-153 in Amaranthus tricolor L. (amaranth) migrated from soil, as well as the changes of soil microorganism communities and enzyme activities. The results showed the combined treatment of tourmaline and F.s made the removal percentage of BDE-153 in rhizosphere soil co-contaminated with BDE-153 and Cd reached 46.5%. And the weak acid extractable Cd in rhizosphere soil decreased by 33.7% compared to control group. In addition, the combined remediation technology resulted in a 32.5% (22.8%), 45.5% (37.2%), and 50.7% (38.1%) decrease in BDE-153 (Cd) content in the roots, stems, and leaves of amaranth, respectively. Tourmaline combined with F.s can significantly increase soil microorganism diversity, soil dehydrogenase and urease activities, further improving the remediation rate of Cd and BDE-153co-pollutants in soil and the biomass of amaranth. This study provides the remediation technology of soil co-contaminated with heavy metal and PBDEs and ensure the maintenance of food security.


Assuntos
Amaranthus , Poluentes Ambientais , Metais Pesados , Bifenil Polibromatos , Silicatos , Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Cádmio , Biodegradação Ambiental , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Metais Pesados/análise
18.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(4): 389, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512521

RESUMO

To test the serial discontinuity concept (SDC) predictions in a regulated river ecosystem, environmental parameters and phytoplankton community structure were determined in a subtropical river (China) which was regulated by 11 cascade dams. Our results showed that total phosphorus (TP) and silicate during the wet period in several dams supported the SDC predictions. Variations of phytoplankton species composition in several cascade dams, such as Datengxia (DTX) and Changzhou (CZ), also supported the SDC predictions. Moreover, the stations near the dams showed the maximum or minimum values of total species numbers in each cascade segment. Predictive model indicated that the types of phytoplankton decreased in the middle reaches, conforming to SDC predictions. In the whole system of cascading dams, an increase in silicate concentration and phytoplankton communities in the downstream was also consistent with SDC predictions. Therefore, these findings aligned with the SDC predictions in the aspects of both single dam and whole cascade dam system to some extent. In future research, our aim is to further investigate the effects of cascade damming on additional phytoplankton-related indices in this aquatic ecosystem. We hope to gather more comprehensive data to fully validate the SDC predictions.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Fitoplâncton , Biomarcadores Ambientais , Monitoramento Ambiental , China , Silicatos
19.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 29(5): 278-287, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443742

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hyperkalaemia (HK) is prevalent among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and chronic heart failure, especially if they are treated with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi). This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of a newly developed anti-HK therapy, sodium zirconium cyclosilicate (SZC), to the current standard of care for treating HK in advanced CKD patients from the Singapore health system perspective. METHODS: We adapted a global microsimulation model to simulate individual patients' potassium level trajectories with baseline potassium ≥5.5 mmol/L, CKD progression, changes in treatment, and other fatal and non-fatal events. Effectiveness data was derived from ZS-004 and ZS-005 trials. Model parameters were localised using CKD patients' administrative and medical records at the Singapore General Hospital Department of Renal Medicine. We estimated the lifetime cost and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) of each HK treatment, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of SZC. RESULTS: SZC demonstrated cost-effectiveness with an incremental cost-effectiveness ratsio of SGD 45 068 per QALY over a lifetime horizon, below the willingness-to-pay threshold of SGD 90 000 per QALY. Notably, SZC proved most cost-effective for patients with less severe CKD who were concurrently using RAASi. Sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of the findings, accounting for alternative parameter values and statistical uncertainty. CONCLUSION: This study establishes the cost-effectiveness of SZC as a treatment for HK, highlighting its potential to mitigate the risk of hyperkalaemia and optimise RAASi therapy. These findings emphasise the value of integrating SZC into the Singapore health system for improved patient outcomes and resource allocation.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite , Hiperpotassemia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Silicatos , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/tratamento farmacológico , Análise Custo-Benefício , Singapura/epidemiologia , Potássio , Doença Crônica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Rim
20.
Dent Mater J ; 43(2): 276-285, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447980

RESUMO

Premixed calcium silicate cements (pCSCs) contain vehicles which endow fluidity and viscosity to CSCs. This study aimed to investigate the effects of three vehicles, namely, polyethylene glycol (PEG), propylene glycol (PG), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), on the physicochemical properties and biocompatibility of pCSCs. The setting time, solubility, expansion rate, and mechanical strength of the pCSCs were evaluated, and the formation of calcium phosphate precipitates was assessed in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). The effects of pCSC extracts on the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were investigated. Finally, the tissue compatibility of pCSCs in rat femurs was observed. CSC containing PEG (CSC-PEG) exhibited higher solubility and setting time, and CSC-DMSO showed the highest expansion rate and mechanical strength. All pCSCs generated calcium phosphate precipitates. The extract of CSC-PG induced the highest expressions of osteogenic markers along with the greatest calcium deposites. When implanted in rat femurs, CSC-PEG was absorbed considerably, whereas CSC-PG remained relatively unaltered inside the femur.


Assuntos
Dimetil Sulfóxido , Osteogênese , Teste de Materiais , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Silicatos/farmacologia , Silicatos/química , Cálcio , Cimento de Silicato/química , Cimentos Dentários/farmacologia , Cimentos Dentários/química
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