Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.096
Filtrar
1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 275: 116286, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564864

RESUMO

Pneumoconiosis is one of the most serious occupational diseases worldwide. Silicosis due to prolonged inhalation of free silica dust during occupational activities is one of the main types. Cuproptosis is a newly discovered mode of programmed cell death characterized by the accumulation of free copper in the cell, which ultimately leads to cell death. Increased copper in the serum of silicosis patients, suggests that the development of silicosis is accompanied by changes in copper metabolism, but whether cuproptosis is involved in the progression of silicosis is actually to be determined. To test this hypothesis, we screened the genetic changes in patients with idiopathic fibrosis by bioinformatics methods and predicted and functionally annotated the cuproptosis-related genes among them. Subsequently, we established a mouse silicosis model and detected the concentration of copper ions and the activity of ceruloplasmin (CP) in serum, as well as changes of the concentration of copper and cuproptosis related genes in mouse lung tissues. We identified 9 cuproptosis-related genes among the differential genes in patients with IPF at different times and the tissue-specific expression levels of ferredoxin 1 (FDX1) and Lipoyl synthase (LIAS) proteins. Furthermore, serum CP activity and copper ion levels in silicosis mice were elevated on days 7th and 56th after silica exposure. The expression of CP in mouse lung tissue elevated at all stages after silica exposure. The mRNA level of FDX1 decreased on days 7th and 56th, and the protein level remained in accordance with the mRNA level on day 56th. LIAS and Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (DLD) levels were downregulated at all times after silica exposure. In addition, Heatshockprotein70 (HSP70) expression was increased on day 56. In brief, our results demonstrate that there may be cellular cuproptosis during the development of experimental silicosis in mice and show synchronization with enhanced copper loading in mice.


Assuntos
Cobre , Silicose , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Cobre/toxicidade , Silicose/genética , Apoptose , Biologia Computacional , Modelos Animais de Doenças , RNA Mensageiro , Dióxido de Silício/toxicidade
2.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 181, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) has been used in a range of occupational cohorts, but only recently in stone benchtop workers undergoing screening for silicosis. The aim of this study was to compare psychometric properties of the PSS-10 in stone benchtop workers amongst those born overseas or who used an interpreter. METHODS: Stone benchtop workers in Melbourne, Australia completed the PSS-10 as part of their occupational screening for silicosis. Internal consistency was assessed with Cronbach's α for the total score and the positive and negative subscales. Validity was assessed using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Analysis was performed for the total group and for subgroups according to sex, interpreter use, overseas-born, and language spoken at home. RESULTS: The results of 682 workers with complete PSS-10 scores were included in analysis. Most participants were male (93%), with mean age 36.9 years (SD 11.4), with just over half (51.6%) born in Australia, 10.1% using an interpreter, and 17.5% using a language other than English at home. Cronbach's α for the overall group (α = 0.878) suggested good internal consistency. DISCUSSION: CFA analysis for validity testing suggested PSS-10 performance was good for both sexes, moderate for country of birth and language spoken at home categories, but poorer for those who used an interpreter. Whilst professional interpreters provide a range of benefits in the clinical setting, the use of translated and validated instruments are important, particularly in cohorts with large numbers of migrant workers. CONCLUSION: This study describes the psychometric properties of the PSS-10 in a population of stone benchtop workers, with good internal consistency, and mixed performance from validity testing across various subgroups.


Assuntos
Testes Psicológicos , Autorrelato , Dióxido de Silício , Silicose , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Psicometria , Linguística
3.
Part Fibre Toxicol ; 21(1): 10, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Crystalline silica (cSiO2) is a mineral found in rocks; workers from the construction or denim industries are particularly exposed to cSiO2 through inhalation. cSiO2 inhalation increases the risk of silicosis and systemic autoimmune diseases. Inhaled cSiO2 microparticles can reach the alveoli where they induce inflammation, cell death, auto-immunity and fibrosis but the specific molecular pathways involved in these cSiO2 effects remain unclear. This systematic review aims to provide a comprehensive state of the art on omic approaches and exposure models used to study the effects of inhaled cSiO2 in mice and rats and to highlight key results from omic data in rodents also validated in human. METHODS: The protocol of systematic review follows PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Eligible articles were identified in PubMed, Embase and Web of Science. The search strategy included original articles published after 1990 and written in English which included mouse or rat models exposed to cSiO2 and utilized omic approaches to identify pathways modulated by cSiO2. Data were extracted and quality assessment was based on the SYRCLE's Risk of Bias tool for animal studies. RESULTS: Rats and male rodents were the more used models while female rodents and autoimmune prone models were less studied. Exposure of animals were both acute and chronic and the timing of outcome measurement through omics approaches were homogeneously distributed. Transcriptomic techniques were more commonly performed while proteomic, metabolomic and single-cell omic methods were less utilized. Immunity and inflammation were the main domains modified by cSiO2 exposure in lungs of mice and rats. Less than 20% of the results obtained in rodents were finally verified in humans. CONCLUSION: Omic technics offer new insights on the effects of cSiO2 exposure in mice and rats although the majority of data still need to be validated in humans. Autoimmune prone model should be better characterised and systemic effects of cSiO2 need to be further studied to better understand cSiO2-induced autoimmunity. Single-cell omics should be performed to inform on pathological processes induced by cSiO2 exposure.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Silício , Silicose , Animais , Ratos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Pulmão , Proteômica , Dióxido de Silício/efeitos adversos , Silicose/patologia , Camundongos
4.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis ; 28(3): 130-135, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454180

RESUMO

INTRODUCTIONTo determine the frequency of TB among patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILDs).METHODSWe performed a comprehensive search in the PubMed/Medline, EMBASE and Scopus databases up to 1 August 2023 of studies reporting on the prevalence of TB among patients with ILDs.RESULTSTwelve studies comprising 3,817 patients with ILD were found: the pooled prevalence of TB among ILD patients was 11.0% (95% CI 5.4-21.0). In the subgroup analysis, the TB rate among patients with silicosis and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) was respectively 35.6% (95% CI 32.6-38.8) and 4.4% (95% CI 3.6-5.3) (P = 0.00). The frequency of TB among ILD patients was higher in high TB burden countries than in low/intermediate-burden countries: 26.3%, 95% CI 17.7-37.3 vs. 4.9%, 95% CI 3.3-7.2; P = 0.00.CONCLUSIONSThis study shows the frequency of TB among ILD patients. The meta-analysis reveals a significantly increased prevalence of TB among ILD patients with silicosis compared to IPF, and among individuals in high TB burden countries than in those with low/intermediate burden. The study results can help physicians and policymakers make efficient decisions for prompt screening and anti-TB treatment initiation in ILD patients..


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Silicose , Tuberculose , Humanos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Silicose/epidemiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia
5.
Part Fibre Toxicol ; 21(1): 12, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation and fibrosis are characteristics of silicosis, and the inflammatory mediators involved in silicosis have not been fully elucidated. Recently, macrophage-derived exosomes have been reported to be inflammatory modulators, but their role in silicosis has not been explored. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of macrophage-derived exosomal high mobility group box 3 (HMGB3) in silica-induced pulmonary inflammation. METHODS: The induction of the inflammatory response and the recruitment of monocytes/macrophages were evaluated by immunofluorescence, flow cytometry and transwell assays. The expression of inflammatory cytokines was examined by RT-PCR and ELISA, and the signalling pathways involved were examined by western blot analysis. RESULTS: HMGB3 expression was increased in exosomes derived from silica-exposed macrophages. Exosomal HMGB3 significantly upregulated the expression of inflammatory cytokines, activated the STAT3/MAPK (ERK1/2 and p38)/NF-κB pathways in monocytes/macrophages, and promoted the migration of these cells by CCR2. CONCLUSIONS: Exosomal HMGB3 is a proinflammatory modulator of silica-induced inflammation that promotes the inflammatory response and recruitment of monocytes/macrophages by regulating the activation of the STAT3/MAPK/NF-κB/CCR2 pathways.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Silicose , Humanos , Dióxido de Silício/toxicidade , Dióxido de Silício/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente , Pneumonia/metabolismo , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo
6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538238

RESUMO

Long-term inhalation of silica dust can cause silicosis, but also may induce autoimmune diseases, such as systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's syndrome, anti-histidyl tRNA synthetase antibody (JO-1 antibody) syndrome. These two diseases can be isolated or combined. In this paper, the clinical characteristics of 5 cases of silicosis complicated with connective tissue diseases were analyzed and summarized to strengthen the clinical understanding of silicosis complicated with connective tissue diseases, so as to reduce its misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis, and provide reference for clinicians in diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Silicose , Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Silicose/complicações
7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538244

RESUMO

Non-tuberculosis mycobacterium (NTM) refers to a general term for a large group of mycobacteria, excluding the mycobacterium tuberculosis and mycobacterium leprae, which is an opportunistic pathogen. NTM pulmonary disease and pulmonary tuberculosis have very similar clinical and imaging manifestations. Ordinary sputum tests can not distinguish between mycobacterium tuberculosis and NTM accurately, and it needs to be differentiated through detection methods such as mycobacterium culture medium, high-performance liquid chromatography, and molecular biology. During the diagnosis of occupational pneumoconiosis, a sandblasting and polishing worker's lung CT showed dynamic changes in infiltrating shadows and cavities in the right lung. A sputum drug sensitivity test showed NTM infection, but the patient refused treatment. After 20 months, the CT examination of the lung showed further enlargement of infiltrating shadows and cavities, and NTM bacterial identification showed intracellular mycobacterial infection. Amikacin, moxifloxacin, azithromycin, and ethambutol combined antibacterial treatment were given. Currently, the patient is still under treatment.


Assuntos
Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Silicose , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Humanos , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/complicações , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycobacterium não Tuberculosas/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Micobactérias não Tuberculosas , Silicose/complicações
8.
Environ Health ; 23(1): 25, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to artificial stone, a popular material used for countertops, can cause accelerated silicosis, but the precise relationship between silica dose and disease development is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the impact of silica exposure on lung function and chest imaging in artificial stone manufacturing workers. METHODS: Questionnaire and spirometry assessments were administered to workers in two plants. A high-exposure subset underwent further evaluation, including chest CT and DLco. Weighting factors, assigned as proxies for silica exposure, were based on work tasks. Individual cumulative exposures were estimated using area concentration measurements and time spent in specific areas. Exposure-response associations were analyzed using linear and logistic regression models. RESULTS: Among 65 participants, the mean cumulative silica exposure was 3.61 mg/m3-year (range 0.0001 to 44.4). Each 1 mg/m3-year increase was associated with a 0.46% reduction in FVC, a 0.45% reduction in FEV1, and increased lung function abnormality risk (aOR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.03-1.56). Weighting factors correlated with cumulative exposures (Spearman correlation = 0.59, p < 0.0001), and weighted tenure was associated with lung function abnormalities (aOR = 1.04, 95% CI = 1.01-1.09). Of 37 high-exposure workers, 19 underwent chest CT, with 12 (63%) showing abnormal opacities. Combining respiratory symptoms, lung function, and chest X-ray achieved 91.7% sensitivity and 75% specificity for predicting chest CT abnormalities. CONCLUSION: Lung function and chest CT abnormalities occur commonly in artificial stone workers. For high-exposure individuals, abnormalities on health screening could prompt further chest CT examination to facilitate early silicosis detection.


Assuntos
Exposição Ocupacional , Silicose , Humanos , Silicose/diagnóstico por imagem , Silicose/epidemiologia , Silicose/etiologia , Dióxido de Silício/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Respiratórios , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
Eur Respir Rev ; 33(171)2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Molecular pathways found to be important in pulmonary fibrosis are also involved in cancer pathogenesis, suggesting common pathways in the development of pulmonary fibrosis and lung cancer. RESEARCH QUESTION: Is pulmonary fibrosis from exposure to occupational carcinogens an independent risk factor for lung cancer? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A comprehensive search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane databases with over 100 search terms regarding occupational hazards causing pulmonary fibrosis was conducted. After screening and extraction, quality of evidence and eligibility criteria for meta-analysis were assessed. Meta-analysis was performed using a random-effects model. RESULTS: 52 studies were identified for systematic review. Meta-analysis of subgroups identified silicosis as a risk factor for lung cancer when investigating odds ratios for silicosis in autopsy studies (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.13-1.90) and for lung cancer mortality in patients with silicosis (OR 3.21, 95% CI 2.67-3.87). Only considering studies with an adjustment for smoking as a confounder identified a significant increase in lung cancer risk (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.34-1.87). However, due to a lack of studies including cumulative exposure, no adjustments could be included. In a qualitative review, no definitive conclusion could be reached for asbestosis and silicosis as independent risk factors for lung cancer, partly because the studies did not take cumulative exposure into account. INTERPRETATION: This systematic review confirms the current knowledge regarding asbestosis and silicosis, indicating a higher risk of lung cancer in exposed individuals compared to exposed workers without fibrosis. These individuals should be monitored for lung cancer, especially when asbestosis or silicosis is present.


Assuntos
Asbestose , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Exposição Ocupacional , Fibrose Pulmonar , Silicose , Humanos , Dióxido de Silício/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/etiologia , Asbestose/complicações , Silicose/diagnóstico , Silicose/epidemiologia , Silicose/complicações , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
10.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 18: 17534666241231122, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357899

RESUMO

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is an established minimally invasive method for the diagnosis of benign and malignant conditions. Continuous efforts are underway to improve the material adequacy of EBUS-TBNA, including the introduction of a new technique called EBUS-guided transbronchial nodal cryobiopsy (EBUS-TBNC). This method allows for the retrieval of larger and well-preserved histologic samples from the mediastinum. We present a case series of four patients who underwent combined EBUS-TBNA and EBUS-TBNC procedures in our centre. All procedures were performed under general anaesthesia using a convex probe EBUS scope (Pentax EB-1970UK). Two patients were diagnosed with malignancy and two with benign disorders (silicosis and tuberculosis). In the malignant cases, both EBUS-TBNA/cell block and cryobiopsy provided a diagnosis but cryobiopsy yielded more material for ancillary tests in one patient. However, in the benign cases, there was discordance between EBUS-TBNA/cell block and cryobiopsy. Only cryobiopsy detected granuloma in the patient with TB (tuberculosis), and in the patient with silicosis, TBNC provided a better overall histological evaluation, leading to a definitive diagnosis. No complications were observed. This case series supports the potential diagnostic value of combining EBUS-TBNA and EBUS-TBNC, particularly in benign mediastinal lesions (granulomatous diseases), and in cases requiring additional molecular tests in cancer diagnosis.


Exploring a new lymph node biopsy technique: case series from Sabah, MalaysiaWe explored a new technique for lung diagnosis called EBUS-guided transbronchial nodal cryobiopsy (EBUS-TBNC). This method helps get larger and well-preserved tissue samples from the chest area. In our study, we used this technique on four patients alongside the established method called EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA). All procedures were done with the patient under general anesthesia using a specific type of scope. Two patients were found to have cancer, and two had non-cancerous conditions (silicosis and tuberculosis). In the cancer cases, both methods provided a diagnosis, but the cryobiopsy gave more material for additional tests in one patient. However, in non-cancer cases, there were differences between the two methods. Only the cryobiopsy detected granulomas in the tuberculosis patient, and in the silicosis patient, cryobiopsy gave a better overall tissue evaluation, leading to a clear diagnosis. No complications were seen in any of the cases. This study suggests that combining EBUS-TBNA and EBUS-TBNC can be valuable, especially for non-cancerous chest lesions (like granulomatous diseases) and when extra tests are needed for cancer diagnosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Silicose , Tuberculose , Humanos , Malásia , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Mediastino/patologia , Broncoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Hazard Mater ; 467: 133713, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335607

RESUMO

As a fatal occupational disease with limited therapeutic options, molecular mechanisms underpinning silicosis are still undefined. Herein, single-cell RNA sequencing of the lung tissue of silicosis mice identified two monocyte subsets, which were characterized by Cxcl10 and Mmp14 and enriched in fibrotic mouse lungs. Both Cxcl10+ and Mmp14+ monocyte subsets exhibited activation of inflammatory marker genes and positive regulation of cytokine production. Another fibrosis-unique neutrophil population characterized by Ccl3 appeared to be related to the pro-fibrotic process, specifically the "inflammatory response". Meanwhile, the proportion of monocytes and neutrophils was significantly higher in the serum of silicosis patients and slices of lung tissue from patients with silicosis further validated the over-expression of Cxcl10 and Mmp14 in monocytes, also Ccl3 in neutrophils, respectively. Mechanically, receptor-ligand interaction analysis identified the crosstalk of Cxcl10+/Mmp14+ monocytes with Ccl3+ neutrophils promoting fibrogenesis via coupling of HBEGF-CD44 and CSF1-CSF1R. In vivo, administration of clodronate liposomes, Cxcl10 or Mmp14 siRNA-loaded liposomes, Ccl3 receptor antagonist BX471, CD44 or CSF1R neutralizing antibodies significantly alleviated silica-induced lung fibrosis. Collectively, these results demonstrate that the newly defined Cxcl10+/Mmp14+ monocytes and Ccl3+ neutrophils participate in the silicosis process and highlight anti-receptor-ligand pair treatment as a potentially effective therapeutic strategy in managing silicosis.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar , Silicose , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Dióxido de Silício/toxicidade , Monócitos , Neutrófilos , Ligantes , Lipossomos , Fibrose , Quimiocina CCL3
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403426

RESUMO

Inhalation of crystalline silicon dioxide particles can induce silicosis, and the development of silicosis is closely related to the occurrence and development of pulmonary inflammation and pulmonary fibrosis. NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome has been established as a major proinflammatory receptor for sensing environmental danger signals. Activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes after phagocytosis of silicon dioxide particles by pulmonary macrophages may be an important mechanism to induce oxidative stress and sustained inflammatory response in the lung. This article summarizes the role of NLRP3 inflammasome in the inflammatory response and pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis, and analyzes it as a potential target for silicosis treatment.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar , Silicose , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Silicose/metabolismo , Dióxido de Silício , Fibrose
14.
Biomolecules ; 14(2)2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397383

RESUMO

Long-term silica particle exposure leads to interstitial pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis, called silicosis. Silica-activated macrophages secrete a wide range of cytokines resulting in persistent inflammation. In addition, silica-stimulated activation of fibroblast is another checkpoint in the progression of silicosis. The pathogenesis after silica exposure is complex, involving intercellular communication and intracellular signaling pathway transduction, which was ignored previously. Exosomes are noteworthy because of their crucial role in intercellular communication by delivering bioactive substances, such as lncRNA. However, the expression profile of exosomal lncRNA in silicosis has not been reported yet. In this study, exosomes were isolated from the peripheral serum of silicosis patients or healthy donors. The exosomal lncRNAs were profiled using high-throughput sequencing technology. Target genes were predicted, and functional annotation was performed using differentially expressed lncRNAs. Eight aberrant expressed exosomal lncRNAs were considered to play a key role in the process of silicosis according to the OPLS-DA. Furthermore, the increased expression of lncRNA MSTRG.43085.16 was testified in vitro. Its target gene PARP1 was critical in regulating apoptosis based on bioinformatics analysis. In addition, the effects of exosomes on macrophage apoptosis and fibroblast activation were checked based on a co-cultured system. Our findings suggested that upregulation of lncRNA MSTRG.43085.16 could regulate silica-induced macrophage apoptosis through elevating PARP1 expression, and promote fibroblast activation, implying that the exosomal lncRNA MSTRG.43085.16 might have potential as a biomarker for the early diagnosis of silicosis.


Assuntos
Exossomos , RNA Longo não Codificante , Silicose , Humanos , Dióxido de Silício , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Silicose/genética , Silicose/metabolismo , Silicose/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética
15.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 571, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In industries worldwide, crystalline silica is pervasive and poses risks of pneumoconiosis and respiratory malignancies, with the latter being a knowledge gap in disease burden research that this study aims to address. By integrating both diseases, we also seek to provide an in-depth depiction of the silica-attributed disease burden. METHODS: Data from the Global Burden of Disease 2019 were extracted to analyze the disease burden due to silica exposure. The trends of age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) and age-standardized DALY rate (ASDR) from 1990 to 2019, as well as the age-specific number and rate of deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 1990 and 2019, were presented using GraphPad Prism software. The average annual percentage changes (AAPCs) on ASMR and ASDR were calculated using joinpoint regression models. RESULTS: The global trends of disease burden due to silica exposure from 1990 to 2019 showed a significant decrease, with AAPCs on ASMR and ASDR of -1.22 (-1.38, -1.06) and - 1.18 (-1.30, -1.05), respectively. Vietnam was an exception with an unprecedented climb in ASMR and ASDR in general over the years. The age-specific deaths and DALYs mainly peaked in the age group 60-64. In comparison to 1990, the number of deaths and DALYs became higher after 45 years old in 2019, while their rates stayed consistently lower in 2019. Males experienced an elevated age-specific burden than females. China's general age-standardized burden of pneumoconiosis and tracheal, bronchus & lung (TBL) cancer ranked at the forefront, along with the highest burden of pneumoconiosis in Chilean males and South African females, as well as the prominent burden of TBL cancer in Turkish males, Thai females, and overall Vietnamese. The age-specific burden of TBL cancer surpassed that of pneumoconiosis, and a delay was presented in the pneumoconiosis pinnacle burden compared to the TBL cancer. Besides, the burden of pneumoconiosis indicated a sluggish growth trend with advancing age. CONCLUSION: Our research highlights the cruciality of continuous enhancements in occupational health legislation for countries seriously suffering from industrial silica pollution and the necessity of prioritizing preventive measures for male workers and elderly retirees.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Morte Perinatal , Pneumoconiose , Silicose , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dióxido de Silício , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Silicose/epidemiologia , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Brônquios
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38248534

RESUMO

Artisanal and small-scale mining is characterized by excessive exposure to physical, chemical, ergonomic, psychosocial and biological hazards. There is a high burden of tuberculosis (TB), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections and silicosis among artisanal and small-scale miners (ASMs). The aim of this project report is to describe lessons learned from strategies implemented to reach ASMs with screening services for TB, HIV and silicosis in Zimbabwe through the Kunda-Nqob'i TB (KNTB) project supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The intervention package for screening ASMs for TB, HIV and silicosis included service provision through two occupational health clinics at two provincial hospitals and a mobile workplace-based screening (WBS) facility at the mining sites. From 1 October 2020 to 30 September 2023, 10,668 ASMs were screened, with a high number of cases of silicosis (21%) and TB (7.4%). There was a high burden of HIV (30%) in ASMs attending the occupational health clinics. The two occupational health clinics screened 3453 ASMs, while the mobile WBS activities screened 7215 ASMs during the period. A total of 370 healthcare workers (doctors/clinical officers, nurses, environmental health technicians and district tuberculosis and Leprosy control officers) were trained on TB and the fundamental diagnostic principles of silicosis. The KNTB project has been successful in reaching out to many ASMs operating in remote and hard-to-reach mining areas. The KNTB project has brought to light the positive health-seeking behavior of ASMs operating in remote areas. The project has brought to the fore the effectiveness of multi-stakeholder engagement and collaboration in reaching out to ASMs in remote areas with health screening services. There is a high burden of TB, HIV and silicosis in ASMs. Screening for TB, HIV and silicosis using workplace-based screening and occupational health clinics is an effective strategy and should be rolled out to all areas with high artisanal and small-scale mining activity.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Silicose , Tuberculose , Estados Unidos , Humanos , HIV , Zimbábue/epidemiologia , United States Agency for International Development , Silicose/diagnóstico , Silicose/epidemiologia , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
19.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 84(1): 171-173, 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38271947

RESUMO

We present the case of a 35-year-old male patient, sandblaster for eight years, recently diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis and systemic sclerosis, who was admitted with dyspnea and poor general condition. Chest X-ray showed a grade I pneumothorax, and on the chest tomography he presented confluent hyperdense masses associated with a pattern of non- specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), findings compatible with complicated silicosis. Due to the advanced clinical stage, neither invasive diagnostic test nor pulmonary function test could be performed. Initial treatment included placement of a pleural drainage tube, antituberculosis treatment and chronic home oxygen. The patient was referred to the interstitial disease and rheumatology departments for multidisciplinary management, although the infectious condition contraindicated the possibility of immunosuppressive treatment. The patient eventually died under palliative care. Silica inhalation is the cause of silicosis, but it is also implicated in the development of systemic sclerosis (Erasmus syndrome) and although they share a common risk factor, it is rare to find both diseases coexisting. We present the case of a young patient in whom both diseases presented aggressively, with the aim of highlighting the importance of actively searching for expositional diseases and associated conditions.


Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 35 años, arenador durante ocho años, con diagnóstico reciente de tuberculosis pulmonar y esclerosis sistémica, que ingresó por cuadro de disnea y mal estado general. Se realizó radiografía de tórax donde se evidenció neumotórax grado I, en la tomografía de tórax, también presentó masas hiperdensas confluyentes, asociadas a un patrón de neumonía intersticial no especifica (NSIP), hallazgos compatibles con silicosis pulmonar complicada. Debido al avanzado estadio clínico, no pudieron realizarse estudios diagnósticos invasivos ni estudios de función pulmonar. Como tratamiento inicial se colocó un tubo de avenamiento pleural, se realizó tratamiento antifímico y se indicó oxigenoterapia crónica domiciliaria. Se remitió al paciente a consultorios de enfermedades intersticiales y reumatología para un manejo multidisciplinario, aunque el cuadro infeccioso contraindicó la posibilidad de un tratamiento inmunosupresor. Finalmente, el paciente falleció bajo cuidados paliativos. La inhalación de sílice es la causa de la silicosis, pero también está implicada en el desarrollo de la esclerosis sistémica (síndrome de Erasmus) y aunque comparten un factor de riesgo común, es raro encontrar ambas enfermedades coexistiendo. Presentamos el caso de un paciente joven donde ambas condiciones se presentaron de manera agresiva, con el objetivo de remarcar la importancia de la búsqueda activa de las enfermedades por exposición y sus condiciones asociadas.


Assuntos
Escleroderma Sistêmico , Silicose , Tuberculose Pulmonar , Tuberculose , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Silicose/diagnóstico , Silicose/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose/complicações , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/complicações , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia , Síndrome , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/diagnóstico
20.
Molecules ; 29(2)2024 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38276616

RESUMO

Silicosis is a complex occupational disease without recognized effective treatment. Celastrol, a natural product, has shown antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-fibrotic activities, but the narrow therapeutic window and high toxicity severely limit its clinical application. Through structural optimization, we have identified a highly efficient and low-toxicity celastrol derivative, CEL-07. In this study, we systematically investigated the therapeutic potential and underlying mechanisms of CEL-07 in silicosis fibrosis. By constructing a silicosis mouse model and analyzing with HE, Masson, Sirius Red, and immunohistochemical staining, CEL-07 significantly prevented the progress of inflammation and fibrosis, and it effectively improved the lung respiratory function of silicosis mice. Additionally, CEL-07 markedly suppressed the expression of inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-1α, TNF-α, and TNF-ß) and fibrotic factors (α-SMA, collagen I, and collagen III), and promoted apoptosis of fibroblasts by increasing ROS accumulation. Moreover, bioinformatics analysis combined with experimental validation revealed that CEL-07 inhibited the pathways associated with inflammation (PI3K-AKT and JAK2-STAT3) and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. Overall, these results suggest that CEL-07 may serve as a potential candidate for the treatment of silicosis.


Assuntos
Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Dióxido de Silício , Silicose , Camundongos , Animais , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/farmacologia , Dióxido de Silício/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Silicose/tratamento farmacológico , Silicose/metabolismo , Silicose/prevenção & controle , Fibrose , Colágeno/farmacologia , Inflamação , Apoptose , Fibroblastos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...