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1.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(26): 33182-33191, 2024 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38903013

RESUMO

Direct observation by the naked eye of fluorescence-stained microbes adsorbed on surface imprinted polymers (SIPs) is highly challenging and limited by speed, accuracy and the semiquantitative nature of the method. In this study, we tested for the presence of spores of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 4 (Foc4), which cause severe banana Fusarium wilt disease and reduces the area of banana plants. This kind of spore can become dormant in soil, which means that the detection of secreted molecules (molecular imprinting) in soil may be inaccurate; detection methods such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Raman spectroscopy are more accurate but time-consuming and inconvenient. Therefore, a semiquantitative and rapid SIP detection method for Foc4 was proposed. Based on the ITO conductive layer, a reusable and naked-eye-detectable Foc4-PDMS SIP film was prepared with a site density of approximately 9000 mm-2. Adsorption experiments showed that when the Foc4 spore concentration was between 104 to 107 CFU/mL, the number of Foc4 spores adsorbed and the fluorescence intensity were strongly correlated with the concentration and could be fully distinguished by the naked eye after fluorescence staining. Adsorption tests on other microbes showed that the SIP film completely recognized only the Foc series. All the results were highly consistent with the naked-eye observations after fluorescence staining, and the results of the Foc4-infected soil experiment were also close to the ideal situation. Taken together, these results showed that Foc4-PDMS SIPs have the ability to rapidly and semiquantitatively detect the concentration of Foc in soil, which can provide good support for banana cultivation. This method also has potential applications in the detection of other fungal diseases.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Fusarium/isolamento & purificação , Fusarium/química , Siloxanas/química , Esporos Fúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Esporos Fúngicos/química , Musa/microbiologia , Musa/química , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Adsorção , Impressão Molecular , Propriedades de Superfície , Microbiologia do Solo
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(12)2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38928506

RESUMO

In the presented study, the effectiveness of a siloxane polyether (HOL7) coating on glass against microbiological colonization was assessed using microalgae as a key component of widespread aerial biofilms. The siloxane polyether was successfully synthesized by a hydrosilylation reaction in the presence of Karstedt's catalyst. The product structure was confirmed by NMR spectroscopy and GPC analysis. In addition, the thermal stability of HOL7 was studied by thermogravimetric measurement. Subsequently, the surfaces of glass plates were modified with the obtained organosilicon derivative. In the next step, a microalgal experiment was conducted. A mixture of four strains of algal taxa isolated from building materials was used for the experiment-Chlorodium saccharophilum PNK010, Klebsormidium flaccidum PNK013, Pseudostichococcus monallantoides PNK037, and Trebouxia aggregata PNK080. The choice of these algae followed from their wide occurrence in terrestrial environments. Application of an organofunctional siloxane compound on the glass reduced, more or less effectively, the photosynthetic activity of algal cells, depending on the concentration of the compound. Since the structure of the compound was not based on biocide-active agents, its effectiveness was associated with a reduction in water content in the cells.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Siloxanas , Siloxanas/química , Microalgas/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Éteres/química , Éteres/farmacologia , Vidro/química , Fotossíntese
3.
Waste Manag ; 186: 119-129, 2024 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38875913

RESUMO

The removal of volatile methyl siloxanes (VMS) from landfill biogas is crucial for clean energy utilization. VMS are usually found together with aromatic compounds in landfill biogas of which toluene is the major representative. In the present study, two biofilters (BFs) packed with either woodchips and compost (WC) or perlite (PER) were used to study the (co-) removal of octamethyltrisiloxane (L3) and octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) from gas in presence and absence of toluene, used as a representative aromatic compound. The presence of low inlet toluene concentrations (315 ± 19 - 635 ± 80 mg toluene m-3) enhanced the VMS elimination capacity (EC) in both BFs by a factor of 1.8 to 12.6. The highest removal efficiencies for D4 (57.1 ± 1.1 %; EC = 0.12 ± 0.01 gD4 m-3 h-1) and L3 (52.0 ± 0.6 %; EC = 0.23 ± 0.01 gL3 m-3 h-1) were observed in the BF packed with WC. The first section of the BFs (EBRT = 9 min), where toluene was (almost) completely removed, accounted for the majority (87.7 ± 0.6 %) of the total VMS removal. Microbial analysis revealed the impact of VMS and toluene in the activated sludge, showing a clear selection for certain genera in samples influenced by VMS in the presence (X2) or absence (X1) of toluene, such as Pseudomonas (X1 = 0.91 and X2 = 12.0 %), Sphingobium (X1 = 0.09 and X2 = 4.04 %), Rhodococcus (X1 = 0.42 and X2 = 3.91 %), and Bacillus (X1 = 7.15 and X2 = 3.84 %). The significant maximum EC values obtained by the BFs (0.58 gVMS m-3 h-1) hold notable significance in a combined system framework as they could enhance the longevity of traditional physicochemical methods to remove VMS like activated carbon in diverse environmental scenarios.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Siloxanas , Tolueno , Tolueno/metabolismo , Filtração/métodos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/metabolismo , Microbiota
4.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 2024: 4391833, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863970

RESUMO

The massive growth of various microorganisms on the orthodontic bracket can form plaques and cause diseases. A novel amine-terminated hyperbranched zirconium-polysiloxane (HPZP) antimicrobial coating was developed for an orthodontic stainless steel tank (SST). After synthesizing HPZP and HPZP-Ag coatings, their structures were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thickness measurement, contact angle detection, mechanical stability testing, and corrosion testing. The cell toxicity of the two coatings to human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs) and human oral keratinocytes (hOKs) was detected by cell counting kit eight assays, and SST, HPZP@SST, and HPZP-Ag@SST were cocultured with Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Streptococcus mutans for 24 hr to detect the antibacterial properties of the coatings, respectively. The results show that the coatings are about 10 µm, and the water contact angle of HPZP coating is significantly higher than that of HPZP-Ag coating (P < 0.01). Both coatings can be uniformly and densely distributed on SST and have good mechanical stability and corrosion resistance. The cell counting test showed that HPZP coating and HPZP-Ag coating were less toxic to cells compared with SST, and the toxicity of HPZP-Ag coating was greater than that of HPZP coating, with the cell survival rate greater than 80% after 72 hr cocultured with hGFs and hOKs. The antibacterial test showed that the number of bacteria on the surface of different materials was ranked from small to large: HPZP@SST < HPZP-Ag@SST < SST and 800 µg/mL HPZP@SST showed a better bactericidal ability than 400 µg/mL after cocultured with S. aureus, E. coli, and S. mutans, respectively (all P < 0.05). The results showed that HPZP coating had a better effect than HPZP-Ag coating, with effective antibacterial and biocompatible properties, which had the potential to be applied in orthodontic process management.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Siloxanas , Aço Inoxidável , Zircônio , Aço Inoxidável/química , Aço Inoxidável/farmacologia , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Humanos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Braquetes Ortodônticos/microbiologia , Zircônio/química , Zircônio/farmacologia , Siloxanas/química , Siloxanas/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Materiais , Aminas/química , Aminas/farmacologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Queratinócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Gengiva/citologia , Gengiva/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 72(5): 487-497, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777760

RESUMO

Herein, we report the functionalization of polyhedral oligosilsesquioxanes (POSS) and related siloxanes with arynes. Using o-triazenylarylboronic acids as aryne precursors and silica gel as the activator, the transformation of siloxane bearing various arynophilic moieties on the side chains was achieved with high yields without touching the siloxane core. This method was applied to the conjugation of POSS and pharmaceutical cores using an aryne derived from the synthetic intermediate of cabozantinib. Furthermore, orthogonal dual functionalization of POSS was realized by combining the aryne reaction with Huisgen cyclization.


Assuntos
Alcinos , Ácidos Borônicos , Siloxanas , Alcinos/química , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Ciclização , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos de Organossilício/química , Compostos de Organossilício/síntese química , Siloxanas/química , Triazinas/química
6.
J Chromatogr A ; 1727: 464974, 2024 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761702

RESUMO

Continuous C8 stationary phase gradients are created on commercial Waters Symmetry Shield RP8 columns by strategically cleaving the C8 moieties in a time-dependent fashion. The method relies on the controlled infusion of a trifluoroacetic acid/water/acetonitrile solution through the column to cleave the organic functionality (e.g., C8) from the siloxane framework. The bond cleavage solution is reactive enough to cleave the functional groups, even with polar groups embedded within the stationary phase to protect the silica. Both the longitudinal and radial heterogeneity were evaluated by extruding the silica powder into polyethylene tubing and evaluating the percent carbon content in the different sections using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). TGA analysis shows the presence of a stationary phase gradient in the longitudinal direction but not in the radial direction. Two different gradient profiles were formed with good reproducibility by modifying the infusion method: one exhibited an 'S'-shaped gradient while the other exhibited a steep exponential-like gradient. The gradients were characterized chromatographically using test mixtures, and the results showed varied retention characteristics and an enhanced ability to resolve nicotine analytes.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Silício , Dióxido de Silício/química , Acetonitrilas/química , Nicotina/análise , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Ácido Trifluoracético/química , Termogravimetria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Siloxanas/química , Água/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 579, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vinyl polyether silicone (VPES) is a novel impression biomaterial made of a combination of vinyl polysiloxane (VPS) and polyether (PE). Thus, it is significant to assess its properties and behaviour under varied disinfectant test conditions. This study aimed to assess the dimensional stability of novel VPES impression material after immersion in standard disinfectants for different time intervals. METHODS: Elastomeric impression material used -medium body regular set (Monophase) [Exa'lence GC America]. A total of 84 Specimens were fabricated using stainless steel die and ring (ADA specification 19). These samples were distributed into a control group (n=12) and a test group (n=72). The test group was divided into 3 groups, based on the type of disinfectant used - Group-A- 2% Glutaraldehyde, Group-B- 0. 5% Sodium hypochlorite and Group-C- 2% Chlorhexidine each test group was further divided into 2 subgroups (n=12/subgroup) based on time intervals for which each sample was immersed in the disinfectants - subgroup-1- 10 mins and Subgroup 2- 30 mins. After the impression material was set, it was removed from the ring and then it was washed in water for 15 seconds. Control group measurements were made immediately on a stereomicroscope and other samples were immersed in the three disinfection solutions for 10 mins and 30 mins to check the dimensional stability by measuring the distance between the lines generated by the stainless steel die on the samples using a stereomicroscope at x40 magnification. RESULTS: The distance measured in the control group was 4397.2078 µm and 4396.1571 µm; for the test group Group-A- 2% Glutaraldehyde was 4396.4075 µm and 4394.5992 µm; Group-B- 0. 5% Sodium hypochlorite was 4394.5453 µm and 4389.4711 µm Group-C- 2% Chlorhexidine was 4395.2953 µm and 4387.1703 µm respectively for 10 mins and 30 mins. Percentage dimensional change was in the range of 0.02 - 0.25 for all the groups for 10 mins and 30 mins. CONCLUSIONS: 2 % Glutaraldehyde is the most suitable disinfectant for VPES elastomeric impression material in terms of dimensional stability and shows minimum dimensional changes as compared to that of 2% Chlorhexidine and 0.5% Sodium hypochlorite.


Assuntos
Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica , Glutaral , Teste de Materiais , Polivinil , Siloxanas , Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica/química , Polivinil/química , Siloxanas/química , Fatores de Tempo , Glutaral/química , Desinfetantes de Equipamento Odontológico/química , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Desinfetantes/química , Clorexidina/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Humanos
9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(20): 8835-8845, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722766

RESUMO

Volatile methyl siloxanes (VMS) are a group of organosilicon compounds of interest because of their potential health effects, their ability to form secondary organic aerosols, and their use as tracer compounds. VMS are emitted in the gas-phase from using consumer and personal care products, including deodorants, lotions, and hair conditioners. Because of this emission route, airborne concentrations are expected to increase with population density, although there are few studies in large urban centers. Here, we report summertime concentrations and daily variations of VMS congeners measured in New York City. Median concentrations of the 6 studied congeners, D3 (20 ng m-3), D4 (57 ng m-3), D5 (230 ng m-3), D6 (11 ng m-3), L5 (2.5 ng m-3), and L7 (1.3 ng m-3) are among the highest reported outdoor concentrations in the literature to date. Average congener ratios of D5:D4 and D5:D6 were consistent with previously reported emissions ratios, suggesting that concentrations were dominated by local emissions. Measured concentrations agree with previously published results from a Community Multiscale Air Quality model and support commonly accepted emissions rates for D4, D5, and D6 of 32.8, 135, and 6.1 mg per capita per day. Concentrations of D4, D5, D6, L5, and L7 and total VMS were significantly lower during the day than during the night, consistent with daytime oxidation reactivity. Concentrations of D3 did not show the same diurnal trend but exhibited a strong directional dependence, suggesting that it may be emitted by industrial point sources in the area rather than personal care product use. Concentrations of all congeners had large temporal variations but showed relatively weak relationships with wind speed, temperature, and mixing height.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Siloxanas , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Siloxanas/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Indústrias , Humanos , Volatilização , Estações do Ano , Cosméticos/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
10.
J Chromatogr A ; 1726: 464894, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733926

RESUMO

Cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes (cVMS) have been widely found in various types of environmental media and attracted increasing attention as new pollutants. However, there is still a great challenge in the accurate quantification of trace cVMS, due to their volatility, and the high background originating from GC/MS accessories and surroundings. In this work, the main sources of the high background were investigated in detail for octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4), decmethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) and dodecmethylcyclohexosiloxane (D6). Several effective measures were employed to minimize these backgrounds, including the delayed injection method to minimize the interference from the injection septum. Then, a GC-MS method was developed for the accurate determination of D4, D5 and D6, with a linear range of 2 - 200 µg/L. The coefficient of determination was 0.9982-0.9986, the limit of detection (LOD) was 0.40-0.52 µg/L, and the quantitative range was 1.88-190 µg/L. Good reproducibility and recovery were obtained, indicating the reliability of the established analytical method.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Limite de Detecção , Siloxanas , Siloxanas/análise , Siloxanas/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Volatilização , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
11.
J Dent ; 146: 105037, 2024 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703808

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the positional accuracy of implant analogs in biobased model resin by comparing them to that of implant analogs in model resin casts and conventional analogs in dental stone casts. METHODS: Polyvinylsiloxane impressions of a partially edentulous mandibular model with a single implant were made and poured in type IV dental stone. The same model was also digitized with an intraoral scanner and additively manufactured implant casts were fabricated in biobased model resin (FotoDent biobased model) and model resin (FotoDent model 2 beige-opaque) (n = 8). All casts and the model were digitized with a laboratory scanner, and the scan files were imported into a 3-dimensional analysis software (Geomagic Control X). The linear deviations of 2 standardized points on the scan body used during digitization were automatically calculated on x-, y-, and z-axes. Average deviations were used to define precision, and 1-way analysis of variance and Tukey HSD tests were used for statistical analyses (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Biobased model resin led to higher deviations than dental stone (all axes, P ≤ 0.031) and model resin (y-axis, P = 0.015). Biobased model resin resulted in the lowest precision of implant analog position (P ≤ 0.049). The difference in the positional accuracy of implant analogs of model resin and stone casts was nonsignificant (P ≥ 0.196). CONCLUSIONS: Implant analogs in biobased model resin casts mostly had lower positional accuracy, whereas those in model resin and stone casts had similar positional accuracy. Regardless of the material, analogs deviated more towards mesial, while buccal deviations in additively manufactured casts and lingual deviations in stone casts were more prominent.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica , Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Modelos Dentários , Polivinil , Siloxanas , Humanos , Polivinil/química , Siloxanas/química , Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica/química , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Sulfato de Cálcio/química , Resinas Sintéticas/química , Implantes Dentários , Mandíbula , Técnica de Fundição Odontológica , Teste de Materiais
12.
Waste Manag ; 184: 101-108, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38810395

RESUMO

Simulated landfill bioreactors were established and operated for 635 days to investigate the dynamic release of seven siloxanes in landfill biogas (denoted by octamethyltrisiloxane (L3), decamethyltetrasiloxane (L4), dodecamethylpentasiloxane (L5), hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane (D3), octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) and dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane (D6)). In total, 259.45, 252.73, 233.30, 80.40, 4.35, 1.67 and 1.10 mg of D5, D3, D4, D6, L4, L5 and L3 were discharged from 57 kg of municipal solid waste (MSW). More than 70 % of the siloxanes were released before day 119, indicating that the peak period of siloxane discharge occurred during the hydrolysis and acid production stage. The cyclosiloxanes (D3, D4, D5 and D6) were the dominant siloxane species in the biogas. The mass load of discharged cyclosiloxanes was more than 98 % of that of the total siloxanes. In addition to the variation in the concentration distribution profiles of the different siloxane species in the MSW, transformations among species may have an important effect on the release of siloxanes. The main transformation products were D3 and D4 with high release rates (>20 %) and high measured contents of trimethylsilanol (TMSOH) and functional microorganisms (Pseudomonas) were observed during landfilling. These results suggested that MSW degradation and transformation of siloxanes both drive the dynamic release of siloxanes during long-term landfilling.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Reatores Biológicos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Siloxanas , Resíduos Sólidos , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos , Siloxanas/análise , Biocombustíveis/análise , Resíduos Sólidos/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos
13.
Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent ; 32(2): 183-193, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691584

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the dimensional accuracy, trueness, and precision of vinyl siloxane ether (VSXE) and polyvinylsiloxane (PVS) impression materials using different impression techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A three-dimensional (3D) printed mandibular model with implants and metal rods served as the reference model. Impressions were taken in custom trays, resulting in four groups: PVS-closed-tray, VSXE-closed-tray, PVS-open-tray, and VSXE-open-tray. The reference model and impressions were scanned and analyzed using 3D analysis software to assess the trueness and precision within each group. RESULTS: There was significant difference in trueness between the groups, with PVS closed tray showing a higher deviation than VSXE-closed-tray and PVS-open-tray. VSXE-open-tray had the lowest deviation, which was statistically significant. In terms of precision, PVS-closed-tray showed the highest deviation, while no significant differences were found among the other groups. CONCLUSIONS: VSXE impression material with an open tray technique consistently demonstrated the highest levels of accuracy and precision. Conversely, PVS impression material with a closed tray technique yielded less favorable results. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Better understanding of trueness and precision of new impression materials with new impression techniques will increase their clinical effectiveness.


Assuntos
Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica , Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Revestimento de Dentadura , Mandíbula , Polivinil , Siloxanas , Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica/química , Siloxanas/química , Humanos , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Impressão Tridimensional , Técnicas In Vitro , Modelos Dentários
14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 58(23): 10252-10261, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38811014

RESUMO

With octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) being considered for evaluation under the UN Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, which specifically acknowledges risks of biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants in traditional foods, a study into the mechanism of the biomagnification process of D4 and D5 in Rainbow trout was conducted by combining the absorption-distribution-metabolism-excretion for bioaccumulation (ADME-B) approach to determine intestinal and somatic biotransformation rates and radiochemical analyses to identify metabolite formation. High rates of intestinal biotransformation of D4 and D5 (i.e., 2.1 (0.70 SE) and 0.88 (0.67 SE) day-1, respectively) and metabolite formation [i.e., 52.0 (17 SD)% of D4 and 56.5% (8.2 SD)% of D5 were metabolized] were observed that caused low dietary uptake efficiencies of D4 and D5 in fish of 15.5 (2.9 SE)% and 21.0 (6.5 SE)% and biomagnification factors of 0.44 (0.08 SE) for D4 and 0.78 (0.24 SE) kg-lipid·kg-lipid-1 for D5. Bioaccumulation profiles indicated little effect of growth dilution on the bioaccumulation of D4 and D5 in fish and were substantially different from those of PCB153. The study highlights the importance of intestinal biotransformation in negating biomagnification of substances in organisms and explains differences between laboratory tests and field observations of bioaccumulation of D4 and D5.


Assuntos
Biotransformação , Oncorhynchus mykiss , Siloxanas , Animais , Oncorhynchus mykiss/metabolismo , Siloxanas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Bioacumulação , Dieta
15.
J Indian Prosthodont Soc ; 24(2): 186-195, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38650344

RESUMO

AIM: (1) To compare the temperature rise in the pulp chamber with different resin materials used for making provisional fixed partial dentures in anterior and posterior region while using Polyvinylsiloxane impression materials as matrix. (2) To identify a superior provisionalization material based on the amount of heat dissipated suitable for anterior and posterior provisional fixed partial denture fabrication. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Temporary crowns and bridges are integral to Fixed Prosthodontics. It has been observed that conventional fixed prosthesis temporisation materials release heat due to the exothermic polymerisation reaction. When such a provisional material is directly let to set on a vital tooth, the heat transfer causes irreversible changes in the pulp tissue depending of the degree of change. Hence, this study observes amount of heat generation in various materials during temporisation procedure, by simulating similar conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two Models were fabricated, one simulating missing lateral incisor (Model A) and another simulating missing first molar (Model B). Intact maxillary central incisors and canine for Model A and intact mandibular Second Premolar and Second Molar were selected to act as abutments. These abutment teeth were fitted with the tip of a K-type Thermocouple inside their pulp chambers and these were connected to a digital thermometer. Five temporisation materials were chosen for fabrication of temporary crowns through Direct technique. (1) polymethy methacrylate (Self Cure acrylic), (2) bisacryl composite (Protemp 4), (3) visible light cure urethane dimethacrylate (Revotec LC), (4) barium glass and fumed silica infused methacrylate (Dentsply Integrity) and (5)nano-hybrid composite (VOCO Structur 3). Ten observations were made for each provisional material on each model. During each observation, temperature rise was recorded at 30s interval from the time of application, through the peak and till a decrease in temperature is observed. Polyvinyl siloxane was used as matrix for all except light cure resin, where polypropylene sheet was used. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Anova test used for statistical. RESULTS: ANOVA test revealed that there was a significant difference in the temperature changes associated with the provisional restorative materials used. Among the five, polymethy methacrylate (self cure resin) showed the maximum rise in temperature, followed by bisacryl composite (Protemp 4), visible light cure urethane dimethacrylate (Revotec LC), barium glass and fumed silica infused methacrylate (Dentsply Integrity) and nano-hybrid composite (VOCO Structur 3). There was no comparable difference between Model A and B but an overall reduction of temperature rise was observed in model B. CONCLUSION: VOCO Structur 3 showed the least temperature rise in the pulp chamber, and overall temperature rise was less for model B which can be attributed to the residual dentin thickness.


Assuntos
Polimerização , Humanos , Cavidade Pulpar , Siloxanas/química , Técnicas In Vitro , Teste de Materiais/métodos , Resinas Compostas/química , Restauração Dentária Temporária/métodos , Prótese Parcial Fixa , Temperatura , Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica/química , Materiais Dentários/química
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 400: 130673, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583676

RESUMO

The ubiquitous use of volatile siloxanes in a myriad of product formulations has led to a widespread distribution of these persistent contaminants in both natural ecosystems and wastewater treatment plants. Microbial degradation under microaerobic conditions is a promising approach to mitigate D4 and D5 siloxanes while recovering energy in wastewater treatment plants. This study examined D4/D5 siloxanes biodegradation under both anaerobic and microaerobic conditions ( [Formula: see text]  = 0, 1, 3 %) using wastewater sludge. Results show that the use of microaeration in an otherwise strictly anaerobic environment significantly enhances siloxane conversion to methane. 16S rRNA gene sequencing identified potential degraders, including Clostridium lituseburense, Clostridium bifermentans and Synergistales species. Furthermore, chemical analysis suggested a stepwise siloxane conversion preceding methanogenesis under microaerobic conditions. This study demonstrates the feasibility of microaerobic siloxane biodegradation, laying groundwork for scalable removal technologies in wastewater treatment plants, ultimately highlighting the importance of using bio-based approaches in tackling persistent pollutants.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Metano , Siloxanas , Siloxanas/metabolismo , Metano/metabolismo , Esgotos/microbiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Aerobiose , Águas Residuárias/química , Volatilização
17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(18): 12645-12655, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38651821

RESUMO

The increased production of plastics is leading to the accumulation of plastic waste and depletion of limited fossil fuel resources. In this context, we report a strategy to create polymers that can undergo controlled depolymerization by linking renewable feedstocks with siloxane bonds. α,ω-Diesters and α,ω-diols containing siloxane bonds were synthesized from an alkenoic ester derived from castor oil and then polymerized with varied monomers, including related biobased monomers. In addition, cyclic monomers derived from this alkenoic ester and hydrosiloxanes were prepared and cyclized to form a 26-membered macrolactone containing a siloxane unit. Sequential ring-opening polymerization of this macrolactone and lactide afforded an ABA triblock copolymer. This set of polymers containing siloxanes underwent programmed depolymerization into monomers in protic solvents or with hexamethyldisiloxane and an acid catalyst. Monomers afforded by the depolymerization of polyesters containing siloxane linkages were repolymerized to demonstrate circularity in select polymers. Evaluation of the environmental stability of these polymers toward enzymatic degradation showed that they undergo enzymatic hydrolysis by a fungal cutinase from Fusarium solani. Evaluation of soil microbial metabolism of monomers selectively labeled with 13C revealed differential metabolism of the main chain and side chain organic groups by soil microbes.


Assuntos
Fusarium , Polimerização , Siloxanas , Siloxanas/química , Óleos de Plantas/química , Polímeros/química , Estrutura Molecular , Hidrolases de Éster Carboxílico
18.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 13(3): 4, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466299

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to search for contaminants in silicone oil tamponades removed from eyes treated for retinal detachment, and to correlate chemical results with some clinical/functional parameters of the considered eyes. Methods: We examined a sequential cohort of eyes grouped according to the tamponade received: (1) Siluron2000 (S2), (2) RS-OIL ECS5000 (S5), and (3) Densiron Xtra (DX). Samples were collected at the beginning of the scheduled removal and analyzed by untargeted headspace gas-chromatography mass spectrometry (HS-GC-MS). Visual acuity and optic coherence tomography assessments were obtained before and after the tamponade removal. Results: Forty-one samples were analyzed: 22 belonging to the DX group, 13 to the S2 group, and 6 to the S5 group. For each group, a mixture of uninjected commercial preparation was analyzed as the reference. Different siloxanes and fluorinated compounds including perfluorodecalin (PFCL) were the most prevalent chemicals, found in 55% to 100% of the intraocular samples of the 3 groups. Some siloxanes were present also in the control matrices, whereas PFCL was only in the extracted tamponades. In the DX group, the concentration of hexamethylcyclotrisiloxane showed an inverse correlation trend with the duration of its permanence inside the eye (P = 0.054). Different alkanes, propanol, and acetaldehyde were identified only in the control matrices. Conclusions: Several contaminants including siloxanes were identified in the intraocular samples and in the control matrices. A time-related ocular uptake of some of these is conceivable. PFCL was also highly present but only in intraocular samples. Translational Relevance: After intraocular permanence silicone oils (SOs) have various unlabeled contaminants with some relevant differences with the commercial formulation chemical profile.


Assuntos
Fluorocarbonos , Descolamento Retiniano , Humanos , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Óleos de Silicone , Siloxanas , Olho
19.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1297: 342330, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438225

RESUMO

Cellular micro-environment analysis via fluorescence probe has become a powerful method to explore the early-stage cancer diagnosis and pathophysiological process of relevant diseases. The polarity change of intracellular lipid droplets (LDs) is closely linked with disorders or diseases, which result in various physiological and pathological processes. However, the efficient design strategy for lipid droplet polarity probes with high sensitivity is lacking. To overcome this difficulty, two kinds of LDs-targeting and polarity-sensitive fluorescent probes containing carbazole and siloxane groups were rationally designed and synthesized. With the carbazole-based rotor and bridge-like siloxanes, two probes (P1 and P2) behave high sensitivity to polarity changes and show different fluorescent intensity in normal and cancer cells. Notably, polysiloxanes groups promoted the response sensitivity of the probes dramatically for the polymeric microenvironment. In addition, due to the polarity changes of LDs in cancer cells, the distinct fluorescent intensities in different channels of laser scanning confocal microscope were observed between NHA cell and U87 cells. This work could offer an opportunity to monitor the dynamic behaviors of LDs and further provide a powerful tool to be potentially applied in the early-stage diagnosis of cancer.


Assuntos
Gotículas Lipídicas , Neoplasias , Polímeros , Siloxanas , Carbazóis , Corantes Fluorescentes , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem
20.
Soft Matter ; 20(21): 4175-4183, 2024 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506651

RESUMO

Emulsion droplets on the colloidal length scale are a model system of frictionless compliant spheres. Direct imaging studies of the microscopic structure and dynamics of emulsions offer valuable insights into fundamental processes, such as gelation, jamming, and self-assembly. A microscope, however, can only resolve the individual droplets in a densely packed emulsion if the droplets are closely index-matched to their fluid medium. Mitigating perturbations due to gravity additionally requires the droplets to be density-matched to the medium. Creating droplets that are simultaneously index-matched and density-matched has been a long-standing challenge for the soft-matter community. The present study introduces a method for synthesizing monodisperse micrometer-sized siloxane droplets whose density and refractive index can be precisely and independently tuned by adjusting the volume fraction of three silane precursors. A systematic optimization protocol yields fluorescently labeled ternary droplets whose densities and refractive indexes match, to the fourth decimal place, those of aqueous solutions of glycerol or dimethylsiloxane. Because all of the materials in this system are biocompatible, we functionalize the droplets with DNA strands to endow them with programmed inter-droplet interactions. Confocal microscopy then reveals both the three-dimensional structure and the network of droplet-droplet contacts in a class of self-assembled droplet gels, free from gravitational effects. This experimental toolbox creates opportunities for studying the microscopic mechanisms that govern viscoelastic properties and self-assembly in soft materials.


Assuntos
DNA , Emulsões , Emulsões/química , DNA/química , Refratometria , Siloxanas/química
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