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1.
Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg ; 52: 159-170, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39017793

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Considerable effort has been made to reduce surgical invasiveness, since Axel Perneczky introduced the supraorbital eyebrow approach as a core part of his keyhole concept in neurosurgery. But a limited approach does not facilitate an already serious and demanding task as aneurysm surgery. In this regard, the enhancement of the visual field before, during, and after microsurgical aneurysm occlusion is a safe and effective method to increase the quality of treatment. Indications/Contraindications: Based on the individual anatomical findings, the supraorbital keyhole approach provides access to most aneurysms of the anterior circulation. The approach is not recommended in large complex aneurysms, giant aneurysms, BA aneurysms located beneath the dorsum sellae, as well as cases of severe subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and expected brain edema. COMPLICATIONS: Experience with endoscopic procedures in aneurysm surgery is limited to several clinical retrospective articles, and no major complications in conjunction with the endoscope were observed. Outcome and Prognosis: The supraorbital eyebrow approach has a low rate of complications and provides highly favorable cosmetic results. Endoscopic inspection prior to clipping might reduce overexposure and mobilization of the aneurysm. It was found that the rate of intraoperative rupture was decreased. The endoscopic post-clipping control helped significantly to reduce aneurysm remnants and unattended parent, branch, or perforator occlusion. CONCLUSION: The supraorbital eyebrow approach is a safe, effective and elegant approach in the treatment of most aneurysms of the anterior circulation. The additional enhancement of the visual field provided by the endoscope before, during, and after microsurgical aneurysm clipping might decrease the rate of intraoperative aneurysm ruptures and unexpected findings concerning aneurysm remnant occlusion and compromise of involved parent, branching, and perforating vessels.


Assuntos
Sobrancelhas , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos
2.
Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am ; 32(3): 383-390, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38936995

RESUMO

After reading this article, one should better understand the anatomy of the forehead, brow, and eyelid complexes in the male patient. A thorough history and physical examination allows the facial plastic surgeon to properly select male patients in whom blepharoplasty and brow lift may be indicated. Specific surgical approaches to upper and lower blepharoplasty are discussed in detail. Surgical techniques and indications for each approach to brow lift in men, including direct, midforehead, coronal, pretrichial, endoscopic, temporal, and transblepharoplasty are explicitly outlined.


Assuntos
Blefaroplastia , Sobrancelhas , Testa , Ritidoplastia , Humanos , Blefaroplastia/métodos , Masculino , Sobrancelhas/anatomia & histologia , Testa/cirurgia , Testa/anatomia & histologia , Ritidoplastia/métodos , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Pálpebras/anatomia & histologia , Rejuvenescimento
3.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 23(5): 327-331, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709698

RESUMO

Though it is widely acknowledged that cancer treatments cause hair loss on the scalp, there are limited data on how they affect eyebrow and eyelash hairs. Patients with eyebrow and eyelash loss, or madarosis, seek various treatment options ranging from camouflage techniques with makeup, permanent tattoos, and prescription medications. Though not yet studied in patients with cancer-induced madarosis, techniques such as scalp cooling, cryotherapy, and topical vasoconstrictors are promising preventative options. More robust research is needed to improve both the quality and quantity of available treatment and preventative options. There is a clear need for dermatologists to play a role in supportive oncodermatology for patients who experience eyebrow and eyelash loss secondary to chemotherapy, endocrine therapies, and radiation therapy. J Drugs Dermatol. 2024;23(5):327-331. doi:10.36849/JDD.8003.


Assuntos
Alopecia , Sobrancelhas , Pestanas , Humanos , Alopecia/etiologia , Alopecia/terapia , Alopecia/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/complicações , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Crioterapia/métodos
5.
World Neurosurg ; 187: e1011-e1016, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38750886

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bipedalism was a significant milestone in the evolutionary development of Homo sapiens sapiens, influencing neocortical evolution and subsequent behavioral changes. Coordinated visual and sensory inputs are crucial for posture, environmental interaction, and surgical planning, with horizontal gaze being a pivotal parameter. This narrative review aims to explore various geometric measures used to assess horizontal gaze in patients, highlighting their applications in surgical planning. METHODS: A literature review was conducted in indexed databases using Mesh terms like "Cervical Vertebrae" and "Visual Fields" along with keywords such as "horizontal gaze" and "sagittal spine parameters." Among 477 initially identified articles, 41 were selected for inclusion after rigorous filtering. RESULTS: The most recognized method for assessing horizontal gaze is the Chin Brow Vertical Angle (CBVA), initially described in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Clinical photography is employed as a tool for CBVA calculation, while other measures like McGregor slope and Slope of the Line of Sight have been considered as alternatives to CBVA. Each method presents its unique advantages and limitations. CONCLUSIONS: This review highlights the need for further research into horizontal gaze measurement methods. Developing novel approaches to determine horizontal gaze can significantly enhance surgical planning and, consequently, improve patient outcomes. The ongoing exploration of these geometric measures offers promising prospects for advancing the field and optimizing patient care.


Assuntos
Fixação Ocular , Humanos , Fixação Ocular/fisiologia , Campos Visuais/fisiologia , Postura/fisiologia , Sobrancelhas/anatomia & histologia
6.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 93: 203-209, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38703712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct browlift is useful but leaves a scar above the brow. We proposed a dual-plane browlift to avoid facial scarring while effectively resolving brow ptosis in young and young adult patients. METHODS: Seven patients with facial palsy underwent dual-plane browlift between July 2018 and June 2022. The mean postoperative follow-up period was 31.9 months. Skin resection at the hairline was combined with subcutaneous dissection down to the inferior margin of the brow to "lift" the brow. Fascia lata strips were fixed to the dermis just inferior to the eyebrow to "hold" the brow, and the strips were suspended upward through the subperiosteal tunnel and fixed to the periosteum. Brow height was compared before and after the procedure and with the contralateral side. RESULTS: The reported complications included slight hematoma at the recipient site, temporary difficulty in closing the eye, and seroma at the fascia donor site. The paralyzed side showed significant differences between the preoperative period and postoperative months (POM) 3, 6, and 12, but differences were not shown in the intervals between POM 3 and 6, 6 and 12, or 3 and 12. The difference in eyebrow height between the paralyzed and nonparalyzed sides was significant preoperatively but not at POM 3, 6, or 12. All scars matured well, and the fascia silhouette was not visible in the forehead region. CONCLUSIONS: Dual-plane browlift enables rigid suspension using the fascia lata and excises flaccid skin without leaving facial scars, yielding excellent cosmetic quality and stable long-term outcomes.


Assuntos
Blefaroptose , Sobrancelhas , Paralisia Facial , Ritidoplastia , Humanos , Feminino , Paralisia Facial/cirurgia , Masculino , Blefaroptose/cirurgia , Ritidoplastia/métodos , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Fascia Lata/transplante , Testa/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Blefaroplastia/métodos
7.
Aesthet Surg J ; 44(8): NP540-NP550, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38662760

RESUMO

The face plays an important role in human interactions, and the periorbital region is particularly important for recognition and attractiveness. There are several studies on the beauty of the periorbital region with a variety of methodologies, but few articles consider the attractiveness factors derived from evolutionary psychology such as symmetry, dimorphism, age and average, neoteny, and facial expression. The aim of this study was to identify periorbital attractiveness criteria in Caucasian females based on experimental studies and to interpret them in the light of studies on biological attractiveness factors. A review of literature was conducted with PubMed, the Cochrane Library Database, and EMBASE. Studies published after March 20, 2022, were analyzed, and no date limit was applied to reference papers. The search strategy was focused on 3 main concepts: attractiveness AND evaluation AND facial feature of periorbital region. A total of 780 articles were identified with this search strategy; 534 were excluded based on title and abstract and another 110 after full text assessment. Eighteen articles were finally included in the analysis. The main factors identified were an ascending intercanthal axis and eyebrow axis, a regular pretarsal plate and a well-defined upper lid crease, no scleral show, and an open eye fissure exposing the upper half of the iris. In our review we were able to identify objective anthropometric characteristics linked to biological attractiveness criteria that may be helpful in preoperative planning and assessment of the periorbital region of patients.


Assuntos
Beleza , Estética , População Branca , Humanos , Feminino , Face/anatomia & histologia , Sobrancelhas/anatomia & histologia
10.
World Neurosurg ; 186: 78-86, 2024 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional microsurgical approaches for addressing intraventricular craniopharyngioma provide limited access to the retrochiasmatic area and tumors with significant lateral or rostrocaudal extensions. Extended endoscopic endonasal approaches can effectively overcome many of limitations, yet they require a favorable working angle between the optic chiasm and pituitary gland, as well as the involvement of the third ventricle floor by the tumor. METHODS: Herein, the authors describe the surgical nuances of a keyhole technique for resecting third ventricle craniopharyngiomas via a fully endoscopic minimally invasive trans-eyebrow supraorbital translaminar approach (ESOTLA). A case description detailing the key surgical steps and application of the approach is provided, along with a series of cadaveric photographs to highlight the relevant anatomy and step-by-step dissection process. RESULTS: The patient is a 44-year-old man who presented with polyuria, low urine specific gravity, and panhypopituitarism. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed a solid-cystic heterogeneous-enhanced retrochiasmatic mass within the third ventricle, consistent with craniopharyngioma. A 1-stage ESOTLA was indicated based on the narrow pituitary-chiasm angle and the high functional status of the patient. Near-total resection was achieved, and no new postoperative neurologic or endocrine change was observed. Targeted therapy was implemented based on the histologic result, and the most recent surveillance magnetic resonance imaging showed no evidence of the residual tumor. CONCLUSIONS: By combining a keyhole approach with variable-angle endoscopic visualization through a smaller bony and soft tissue exposure, ESOTLA can provide enhanced illumination within the third ventricle, potentially addressing cosmetic concerns and limited exposure area/angle of freedom associated with its conventional microsurgical counterpart.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma , Neuroendoscopia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Terceiro Ventrículo , Humanos , Craniofaringioma/cirurgia , Craniofaringioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Terceiro Ventrículo/cirurgia , Terceiro Ventrículo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Neoplasias do Ventrículo Cerebral/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Ventrículo Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Ventrículo Cerebral/patologia , Sobrancelhas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
12.
Skin Res Technol ; 30(2): e13620, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We evaluate skin sagging phenotypes (eyebags, droopy eyelids, low eyebrow positioning) using written descriptive scales and photo-numeric scales. We also study how anti-ageing interventions and digital screen time influence skin sagging. AIM: We compare the two phenotype assessment methods with each other. METHOD: Skin sagging and personal lifestyle data obtained from 2885 ethnic Chinese young adults from the Singapore/Malaysia cross-sectional genetics epidemiology study (SMCGES) cohort were collated and compared. RESULTS: Significant correlations (p-value < 0.001) between written descriptive scales and photo-numeric scales were observed for eyebags (0.25) and eyebrow positioning (0.08). Significant correlations (p-value < 0.001) were observed after combining both scales for eyebags (0.38), droopy eyelids (0.30), and eyebrow positioning (0.30). Anti-ageing interventions are associated with delayed progression of eyebags from 18-45 years old, droopy eyelids from 31-45 years old, and eyebrow positioning from 35-40 years old. Significantly lower (p-value < 0.02) eyebrow positioning is associated with both <1 and 1-3 h of screen time stratified by age. CONCLUSION: Written descriptive scales provide comparable results to photo-numeric scales. However, validating and adapting photo-numeric scales for different populations identifies phenotypes better. Anti-ageing interventions are beneficial at different age ranges. Screen time is associated with skin sagging in young (18-30 years old) participants.


Assuntos
Sobrancelhas , Pálpebras , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Malásia , Estudos Transversais , Singapura/epidemiologia
14.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 23(1): 1274-1277, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38206153

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a benign dermatosis consisting of folliculocentric keratotic papules or pustules with surrounding erythema, often on proximal extensor surfaces of extremities. Management strategies for KP largely center on moisturization and exfoliation. Urea, a well-established ingredient in topical skincare, is a component of the natural moisturizing factors with concentration-dependent humectant, emollient, and exfoliative properties.  Given the overlap of urea’s properties and management goals of KP, a 4-week, open-label, noncomparative clinical study was conducted to evaluate a moisturizing cream formulated with 20% urea for use in KP.  Thirty participants aged 18 to 65 years with KP completed this study. After a 5-day washout period, study participants applied a 20% urea cream once daily to areas of KP for 4 weeks. At baseline, 1-week, and 4-week visits, clinical grading of skin texture, adverse event monitoring, and participant satisfaction questionnaires were conducted. After 1 week and 4 weeks of product use, the percent change in skin smoothness/texture from baseline was significant (P≤0.001). Furthermore, after 4 weeks of use, the majority of participants indicated satisfaction with the feel of their skin, as well as improved confidence and decreased embarrassment related to their skin. No significant adverse events were reported. Overall, the results of this study support that 20% urea cream is generally well tolerated and suitable for use in treating KP. J Drugs Dermatol. 2024;23(1):1274-1277.     doi:10.36849/JDD.7806.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Doença de Darier , Sobrancelhas , Humanos , Emolientes , Emoções , Excipientes , Sobrancelhas/anormalidades , Pele
16.
Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol ; 133(2): 239-243, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37534717

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To report a case of a 71-year-old woman who presented 8 years following 2 endoscopic brow lift procedures for evaluation of bony irregularities of her frontoparietal skull. To highlight a novel complication of Endotine fixation following an endoscopic brow lift procedure. METHODS: A chart review, bicoronal cranioplasty and a review of literature. RESULTS: The patient was satisfied with her post-surgical outcome and no complications were observed at the 1-month follow-up visit. A review of the literature revealed no previous reports of focal skull osteolysis relating to Endotine implants. CONCLUSION: We believe that our patient's focal calvarial osteolysis is a direct complication of Endotine fixation. Future research into the long-term effects of endoscopic brow lift procedures using Endotine implants is necessary to help ensure patient safety and guide future practices.


Assuntos
Osteólise , Ritidoplastia , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Osteólise/etiologia , Osteólise/cirurgia , Sobrancelhas , Ritidoplastia/métodos , Endoscopia , Crânio/cirurgia
17.
Laryngoscope ; 134(4): 1633-1637, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37676076

RESUMO

Frontal sinus surgery still represents a challenge due to its complex and highly variable anatomy. In this manuscript, we present a detailed anatomical description of an eyebrow approach that allows full exposure of the frontal sinus with a large osteoplastic bone flap and preservation of the supraorbital nerve. Laryngoscope, 134:1633-1637, 2024.


Assuntos
Seio Frontal , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Seio Frontal/cirurgia , Sobrancelhas , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Órbita/cirurgia
18.
Dermatol Surg ; 50(3): 287-289, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37699141

Assuntos
Sobrancelhas , Humanos
19.
J Dermatol ; 51(2): 253-260, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38087855

RESUMO

Keratosis follicularis spinulosa decalvans (KFSD) is a rare X-linked hereditary disorder characterized by the triad of follicular hyperkeratosis-photophobia-alopecia. The clinical heterogeneity makes the diagnosis difficult. To investigate the clinicopathologic and trichoscopic features of KFSD and to further clarify the essential requisites for the diagnosis, we conducted a retrospective study of patients with KFSD. The clinical information, histologic features, and trichoscopic findings were evaluated. Eight patients were from seven separate families. Two females were mother and daughter from the same family and the other six patients were male and represented sporadic cases. The average age of onset of alopecia was 21.25 years. Involvement of the scalp hairs leading to progressive scarring alopecia on the midline of the scalp with variable degrees of inflammation was the pathognomonic feature. It typically began after puberty. Vellus hair-associated follicular hyperkeratosis affected all of the patients. However, photophobia was not a constant feature. Histopathologic examination revealed disorders of the hair follicle with an acute-chronic inflammatory response. Follicular changes including fused infundibulum, the protrusion of the outer root sheath into the follicular canal, and a dilatation of the follicles at the isthmus level caused by the occlusion of keratin were observed. The trichoscopic features included perifollicular scaling, tufted hairs, and loss of follicular openings. In conclusion, terminal hair involvement, either scalp hairs, eyebrows, or eyelashes, and the hyperkeratosis of the follicle of vellus hairs is the diagnostic basis of KFSD. We hypothesize that follicular changes in histopathology are the primary event that trigger variable inflammation and further follicular destruction.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Doença de Darier , Sobrancelhas , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X , Ictiose , Dermatopatias Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Sobrancelhas/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doença de Darier/diagnóstico , Doença de Darier/patologia , Alopecia/patologia , Fotofobia/patologia , Inflamação/patologia
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