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1.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 169: 103567, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896250

RESUMO

The development of innovative technologies and the advances in the genetics and genomics, have offered new opportunities for personalized treatment in oncology. Although the selection of the patient based on the molecular characteristics of the neoplasm has the potential to revolutionize the therapeutic scenario of oncology, this approach is extremely challenging. The access, homogeneity, and economic sustainability of the required genomic tests should be warranted in the clinical practice, as well as the specific scientific and clinical expertise for the choice of medical therapies. All these elements make essential the collaboration of different specialists within the Molecular Tumor Boards (MTBs). In this position paper, based on experts' opinion, the AIOM-SIAPEC/IAP-SIBioC-SIC-SIF-SIGU-SIRM Italian Scientific Societies critically discuss the available molecular profiling technologies, the proposed criteria for the selection of patients candidate for evaluation by the MTB, the criteria for the selection and analysis of biological samples, and the regulatory and pharmaco-economic issues.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Sociedades Científicas , Genômica , Humanos , Itália , Oncologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética
2.
Virology ; 566: 114-121, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902730

RESUMO

This communication summarizes the presentations given at the 1st international conference of the World Society for Virology (WSV) held virtually during 16-18 June 2021, under the theme of tackling global viral epidemics. The purpose of this biennial meeting is to foster international collaborations and address important viral epidemics in different hosts. The first day included two sessions exclusively on SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19. The other two days included one plenary and three parallel sessions each. Last not least, 16 sessions covered 140 on-demand submitted talks. In total, 270 scientists from 49 countries attended the meeting, including 40 invited keynote speakers.


Assuntos
COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/virologia , Congressos como Assunto , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Sociedades Científicas , Virologia
3.
Infectio ; 25(4): 205-206, oct.-dic. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286714

RESUMO

La pandemia por COVID-19 ha obligado a los gobiernos de todo el mundo a la toma de decisiones con información preliminar, insuficiente o discutible en argumentos científicos, algo que como académicos debemos entender y acompañar y se convierte en un reto mayor: ¿cómo dar recomendaciones con información limitada y reducir las incertidumbres? Para ello, primero que todo, se debe reconocer que estos procesos están sometidos a cambios según la evolución del conocimiento y la comunicación de la información se vuelve crucial para evitar minar la confianza pública ante los cambios. Es así como muchas recomendaciones para el manejo de COVID 19 han venido evolucionando a medida que se conoce mejor la patogénesis, sus mecanismos de transmisión y las particularidades en la respuesta inmune y, por ejemplo, pasamos de una recomendación inicial de medidas de prevención que incluía limpieza de superficies a una en la cual el énfasis es la limitación en número de personas en reunión. La Asociación Colombiana de infectología junto con otras 27 sociedades científicas lleva tres diferentes actualizaciones de recomendaciones basadas en evidencia en los primeros 12 meses de pandemia, es decir cada tres meses se han venido revisando las más de 250 recomendaciones, lo cual ha significado un trabajo enorme de revisión, discusión y presentación final las cuales, afortunadamente, han sido acogidas y tomadas como base de las decisiones gubernamentales.


The COVID-19 pandemic has forced governments around the world to take decisions on preliminary, insufficient The COVID-19 pandemic has forced governments around the world to make decisions with preliminary, insufficient or debatable information on scientific grounds, something that as academics we must understand and accompany and which becomes a major challenge: how to give recommendations with limited information and reduce uncertainties? To do this, first of all, it must be recognised that these processes are subject to change as knowledge evolves and the communication of information becomes crucial to avoid undermining public confidence in the face of change. Thus, many recommendations for the management of COVID 19 have evolved as the pathogenesis, transmission mechanisms and particularities of the immune response have become better understood and, for example, we have gone from an initial recommendation of measures to be taken in response to COVID 19 to a recommendation of measures to be taken in response to COVID 19, we have moved from an initial recommendation for prevention measures that included surface cleaning to one in which the emphasis is on limiting the number of people at a meeting. The Colombian Association of Infectious Diseases, together with 27 other scientific societies, has scientific societies has three different updates of evidence-based evidence-based recommendations in the first 12 months of a pandemic, i.e. every months of the pandemic, i.e. every three months, the more than 250 recommendations have been This has meant an enormous work of review, discussion and final presentation which, fortunately, have been accepted and taken as a basis for governmental decisions. and taken as a basis for governmental decisions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Comunicação , Informação , Ciência , Sociedades Científicas , Tomada de Decisões , Decisões , Pandemias , Governo
4.
Am Psychol ; 76(5): 802-805, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780216

RESUMO

Commenting on Thalmayer, Toscanelli, and Arnett (2020), we provide broader analysis of the national institutional affiliations of authors (2,978), editors (286), and consulting editors (2,652) from seven (vs. six) American Psychological Association (APA) journals that span over 40 (vs. 30) years. Using multilevel models, results showed that percentages of lead authors at American institutions decreased linearly and significantly and over time. Predicted mean percentages of American authors were 86% in 1978 versus 54% in 2018, a decrease of 37%. Percentages of editors and consulting editors at American institutions also decreased significantly; however, the effect for consulting editors was also quadratic-the linear decline accelerated over time. Predicted mean percentages of American consulting editors at 10-year intervals (1980-2020) were 94%, 92%, 89%, 80%, and 69%. Our 2020 predicted mean of 69% American consulting editors was notably lower than Thalmayer et al.'s (2020) 2018 mean of 82%. In addition, higher-impact journals had more pronounced quadratic declines in the percentages of American consulting editors over time. American psychology continues to become more international, but not quickly enough. We concur with Thalmayer et al.'s (2020) policy proposals, especially that APA journals and their editors should actively pursue non-American associate and consulting editors. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Sociedades Científicas , Estados Unidos
5.
Am Psychol ; 76(5): 825-826, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780226

RESUMO

This award recognizes a distinguished career and enduring contribution to the teaching of psychology. Elizabeth Yost Hammer is recognized for her significant career as a psychologist with a proven track record as an exceptional teacher of psychology. Dr. Hammer is a passionate, student-centered teacher, as well as a distinguished expert in pedagogy and teaching of psychology. Her leadership roles in Psi-Chi and the Society for the Teaching of Psychology were an inspiration to many, and she is a highly regarded speaker and contributor. Throughout all her work as a leader, mentor, teacher, faculty member, and peer, she remains student-centered, inclusive, and appreciative of the diversity of talents and perspectives across the field. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Emoções , Docentes , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Psicologia , Sociedades Científicas , Estudantes
6.
Am Psychol ; 76(5): 818-821, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34780224

RESUMO

This award recognizes a distinguished career and enduring contribution to applications of psychology. Frederick Morrison, PhD, is recognized for pioneering research linking psychology and education. He was one of the first psychologists to utilize the information-processing approach to study childhood reading disorders, demonstrating that dyslexic children do not suffer primarily from a visual-perceptual deficit but from a language-based phonological coding problem. He discovered and exploited a natural experiment, termed school cutoff, to study the causal impact of early schooling on children's language, cognitive, social, and academic skills. His findings confirmed the critical role of instructional practices on children's growth but also that the most effective instruction varied with the skill level of the child. Based on these insights, with colleague Carol Connor, Morrison developed and implemented an intervention to individualize student instruction, confirming that children benefit from different types of instruction. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Sociedades Científicas , Criança , Escolaridade , Família , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas
7.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 952021 Nov 04.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732688

RESUMO

Health systems must have tools and policies to solve the challenge of having sufficient specialists) and with the appropriate skills. In the Spanish health system, this planning function corresponds to the Ministry of Health, through the consultation and participation of different boards, such as the National Commissions of the Specialty, the offer of specialist training is defined according to the forecasts of each institution. The existence of explicit planning criteria in professional scientific societies of the different medical specialities has been analyzed, exploring the documentation reflected in their white papers or strategic plans. As a result, we highlight that, although several professional scientific societies have descriptive data on the status of the workforce in their speciality, only eight specialities define criteria for estimating the demand for specialists. No description of objective criteria to guide future demand for specialists has been found.


Assuntos
Encaminhamento e Consulta , Sociedades Científicas , Humanos , Espanha , Recursos Humanos
8.
FASEB J ; 35(11): e21973, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624149

RESUMO

Contemporary science has become increasingly multi-disciplinary and team-based, resulting in unprecedented growth in biomedical innovation and technology over the last several decades. Collaborative research efforts have enabled investigators to respond to the demands of an increasingly complex 21st century landscape, including pressing scientific challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic. A major contributing factor to the success of team science is the mobilization of core facilities and shared research resources (SRRs), the scientific instrumentation and expertise that exist within research organizations that enable widespread access to advanced technologies for trainees, faculty, and staff. For over 40 years, SRRs have played a key role in accelerating biomedical research discoveries, yet a national strategy that addresses how to leverage these resources to enhance team science and achieve shared scientific goals is noticeably absent. We believe a national strategy for biomedical SRRs-led by the National Institutes of Health-is crucial to advance key national initiatives, enable long-term research efficiency, and provide a solid foundation for the next generation of scientists.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , COVID-19 , Colaboração Intersetorial , National Institutes of Health (U.S.)/organização & administração , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Academias e Institutos/organização & administração , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Congressos como Assunto , Humanos , Políticas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto , Sociedades Científicas/organização & administração , Participação dos Interessados , Estados Unidos , Universidades/organização & administração
9.
J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr ; 15(6): 506-512, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34688579

RESUMO

The 16th Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT) annual scientific meeting welcomed 781 digital attendees from 55 countries. The program included 27 sessions across three simultaneously streaming channels, 11 exhibitors, 153 poster presentations, and 32 â€‹hours of on demand videos. The main themes of the meeting included coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, structural heart disease, and advanced analytics including machine learning. This article summaries the main themes of the meeting and some of the key presentations, which will shape the future of cardiovascular computed tomography in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Sistema Cardiovascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Telecomunicações/organização & administração , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , COVID-19 , Difusão de Inovações , Humanos , Imagem Multimodal , Sociedades Científicas
14.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 165: 103436, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371157

RESUMO

The personalized medicine is in a rapidly evolving scenario. The identification of actionable mutations is revolutionizing the therapeutic landscape of tumors. The morphological and histological tumor features are enriched by the extensive genomic profiling, and the first tumor-agnostic drugs have been approved regardless of tumor histology, guided by predictive and druggable genetic alterations. This new paradigm of "mutational oncology", presents a great potential to change the oncologic therapeutic scenario, but also some critical aspects need to be underlined. A process governance is mandatory to ensure the genomic testing accuracy and homogeneity, the economic sustainability, and the regulatory issues, ultimately granting the possibility of translating this model in the "real world". In this position paper, based on experts' opinion, the AIOM-SIAPEC-IAP-SIBIOC-SIF Italian Scientific Societies revised the new agnostic biomarkers, the diagnostic technologies available, the current availability of agnostic drugs and their present indication.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Sociedades Científicas , Humanos , Itália , Oncologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Medicina de Precisão
16.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 182(10): 895-903, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407533

RESUMO

The Collegium Internationale Allergologicum (CIA) was founded on 15 October 1954 in London by a group of 48 international allergists and immunologists from 18 countries of all continents, among them such distinguished scientists as Carl Prausnitz-Giles, Sir Henry Dale, Paul Kallos, and many others. Contrary to other international associations in the field, this Collegium limited the number of members in order to allow more intense and open discussions in "the humble spirit of scientific enquiry, friendly cooperation, good fellowship and professional relationships in the field of allergy" as stated in the statutes. It is not possible to apply for membership, and one has to be proposed by at least 2 CIA members and invited to present at least once at a symposium. Over the decades, a rhythm of biannual symposia developed, the 32nd held in Palma de Mallorca in October 2018. These symposia went around the world from London, Rome, Copenhagen, New Orleans, Puerto Vallarta, Nantucket, Hakone, Konstanz, Goeteborg, and Sorrento, just to name a few places. Preferably they were held on islands such as Capri, Corfu, Martinique, Curacao, Bornholm, Malta, and Ischia in order to make it more difficult for people to arrive late or leave early. It is expected that participants stay over the whole length of the 5-day symposium. On these symposia, it is good custom to also present unpublished data, so participants get the latest news. The most important developments in the field of Allergy and Clinical Immunology have been discussed at early stage and sometimes by speakers who later won the Nobel Prize. While all presentations are equal, be it oral communications or posters, there are 3 special lectures, namely the Carl Prausnitz lecture, the Paul Kallos lecture, and a "Relaxing from Immunology" lecture which can be devoted to any interesting topic not necessarily related to medicine or allergy. Since many years, the contents of the symposium are published in a proceedings volume, over a longtime printed within the "International Archives of Allergy and Immunology" which until now is the official journal of the Collegium. Participants agree that in the flood of more and more scientific congresses and larger events, the CIA Symposia are unique in their openness and friendly scientific interchange.


Assuntos
Alergia e Imunologia/história , Sociedades Científicas/história , Congressos como Assunto/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI
17.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 41(10): 2513-2515, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433295

RESUMO

The pursuit of knowledge, curiosity about the natural world, and a drive to better the human condition are several of the many motivations that encourage someone to further their education in the biological sciences. However noble the intentions, success in an academic graduate program, and perhaps more importantly, in the career options that follow, is not guaranteed. While it is often said that a trainee needs support from their mentors and network to succeed, the Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology Early Career Committee has observed, through our many interactions, both face to face and in the virtual space, that many trainees do not appreciate that building their mentoring network is an active process, and the trainee has more agency in the relationship than perhaps they perceive. In the article below, we discuss our views on building relationships and identifying mentors at different levels and for different purposes. We also highlight events hosted by the Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology Early Career Committee at Vascular Discoveries, Scientific Sessions, and in the virtual space that can help you at the critical career stage.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Escolha da Profissão , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Relações Interpessoais , Mentores , Pesquisadores , Rede Social , Humanos , Motivação , Sociedades Médicas , Sociedades Científicas
18.
Trends Cancer ; 7(10): 879-882, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462237

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a detrimental effect on research. However, little has been done to identify and solve the unique challenges faced by early career investigators (ECIs). As a group of American Cancer Society-funded ECIs, we provide recommendations for solving these challenges in the aftermath of the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mobilidade Ocupacional , Pesquisadores , Equilíbrio Trabalho-Vida , Humanos , Tutoria , Pesquisadores/economia , Sociedades Científicas
20.
Arch Virol ; 166(11): 3239-3244, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417873

RESUMO

In this article, we - the Bacterial Viruses Subcommittee and the Archaeal Viruses Subcommittee of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) - summarise the results of our activities for the period March 2020 - March 2021. We report the division of the former Bacterial and Archaeal Viruses Subcommittee in two separate Subcommittees, welcome new members, a new Subcommittee Chair and Vice Chair, and give an overview of the new taxa that were proposed in 2020, approved by the Executive Committee and ratified by vote in 2021. In particular, a new realm, three orders, 15 families, 31 subfamilies, 734 genera and 1845 species were newly created or redefined (moved/promoted).


Assuntos
Vírus de Archaea/classificação , Bacteriófagos/classificação , Sociedades Científicas/organização & administração , Archaea/virologia , Bactérias/virologia
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