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1.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 232, 2024 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565740

RESUMO

A novel ternary heterojunction material In2O3/In2S3/ZnIn2S4 was synthesized, and a photoelectrochemical sensor was fabricated for the non-invasive test of dopamine (DA) in sweat. In2O3 multihollow microtubules were synthesized and then In2S3 was formed on their surface to construct a type-I heterojunction between In2S3 and In2O3. ZnIn2S4 was further introduced to form a Z-scheme heterojunction between In2S3/ZnIn2S4. Under photoexcitation, the photogenerated holes of In2O3 transferred to the valence band of In2S3, superimposed with the holes produced by In2S3, leads to a significantly higher photocatalytic oxidation capacity of In2O3/In2S3/ZnIn2S4 ternary composites than that of In2O3/In2S3. The Z-scheme heterojunction accelerates the transfer of photogenerated electrons accumulated on the type-I heterojunction. In the presence of DA, it is rapidly oxidized into polydopamine (PDA) by In2O3/In2S3, and the benzoquinone groups of PDA compete for the photogenerated electrons to reduce the current in the external circuit, whereby DA determination is achieved. Owing to the combination of type-I and Z-scheme heterojunction, the sensor showed extremely high sensitivity, with a detection limit of 3.94 × 10-12 mol/L. It is one of the most sensitive methods for DA detection reported and has been applied to the determination of DA in human sweat.


Assuntos
Dopamina , Suor , Humanos , Elétrons
2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 243, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575711

RESUMO

PEDOT: PSS has been used as a biomimetic uric acid (UA) sensor but suffers from unfortunate low detection limit (LOD), narrow detection range and poor stability. Herein, we get graphdiyne (GDY) marry PEDOT:PSS to create a very stable GDY@PEDOT:PSS heterostructure for a biomimetic UA sensor, which accomplishes the lowest LOD (6 nM), the widest detection range (0.03 µM-7 mM) and the longest stability (98.1% for 35 days) among the related UA sensors. The sensor was successfully used to in situ real-time detection of  UA in sweat. The enhancement mechanisms of the sensor were investigated, and results discover that C≡C of GDY and C = C of PEDOT:PSS can cross-link each other by π-π interactions, making not only the former strongly resistant against oxidation deterioration, but also causes the latter to efficiently prevent water swelling of polymer for poor conductivity, thereby leading to high stability from both components. While the stabilized heterostructure can also offer more active sites by enhanced absorption of UA via π-π interactions for highly sensitive detection of UA. This work holds great promise for a practical sweat UA sensor while providing scientific insight to design a stable and electrocatalytically active structure from two unstable components.


Assuntos
Grafite , Suor , Ácido Úrico , Limite de Detecção
3.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 247, 2024 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587580

RESUMO

Alumina inorganic molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on a glassy carbon electrode (MWCNTs-Al2O3-MIP/GCE) was firstly designed and fabricated by one-step electro deposition technique for the detection of uric acid (UA) in sweat. The UA templates were embedded within the inorganic MIP by co-deposition with Al2O3. Through the evaluation of morphology and structure by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), it was verified that the specific recognition sites can be fabricated in the electrodeposited Al2O3 molecular imprinted layer. Due to the high selectivity of molecular imprinting holes, the MWCNTs-Al2O3-MIP/GCE electrode demonstrated an impressive imprinting factor of approximately 2.338 compared to the non-molecularly imprinted glassy carbon electrode (MWCNTs-Al2O3-NIP/GCE) toward uric acid detection. Moreover, it exhibited a remarkable limit of detection (LOD) of 50 nM for UA with wide detection range from 50 nM to 600 µM. The MWCNTs-Al2O3-MIP/GCE electrode also showed strong interference resistance against common substances found in sweat. These results highlight the excellent interference resistance and selectivity of MWCNTs-Al2O3-MIP/GCE sensor, positioning it as a novel sensing platform for non-invasive uric acid detection in human sweat.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Fosfatos , Suor , Humanos , Polímeros Molecularmente Impressos , Ácido Úrico , Óxido de Alumínio
4.
Talanta ; 273: 125865, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452593

RESUMO

Sweat has excellent potential as one of the sources of non-invasive biomarkers for clinical diagnosis. It is relatively easy to collect and process and may contain different disease-specific markers and drug metabolites, making it ideal for various clinical applications. This article discusses the anatomy of sweat glands and their role in sweat production, as well as the history and development of multiple sweat sample collection and analysis techniques. Another primary focus of this article is the application of sweat detection in clinical disease diagnosis and other life scenarios. Finally, the limitations and prospects of sweat analysis are discussed.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Suor , Suor/química , Biomarcadores/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
6.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 254: 116188, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484412

RESUMO

Prussian blue analogues (PBAs) are promising materials due to their rich active sites and straightforward synthesis. However, their limited conductivity and electron transfer inefficiency hinder practical applications. This study utilizes a simple one-pot synthesis approach to produce a tungsten-disulfide (WS2) and iron-cobalt Prussian blue analogue composite (WS2-PBA), enhancing conductivity and electron transfer rate performance. Through the inclusion of sodium citrate into the solution, the S-edge site concentration of WS2 increases. This augmentation introduces additional active sites and defects into the catalyst, enhancing its catalytic activity. The effectiveness of the WS2-PBA 3D-Origami paper device for lactate detection in sweat is also evaluated for biomedical applications. The device demonstrated a robust relationship between the lactate concentration and current intensity (R2 = 0.997), with a detection limit of 1.83 mM. Additionally, this platform has successfully detected lactate in clinical sweat, correlating with the high-performance liquid chromatography test results, suggesting promising prospects for clinical diagnosis. In the future, the excellent catalytic and Rct performance of the WS2-PBA will enable its use in biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Suor , Ferrocianetos , Ácido Láctico
7.
ACS Sens ; 9(3): 1515-1524, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447091

RESUMO

Stretchable sweat sensors are promising technology that can acquire biomolecular insights for health and fitness monitoring by intimate integration with the body. However, current sensors often require microfabricated microfluidic channels to control sweat flow during lab-on-body analysis, which makes effective and affordable sweat sampling a significant practical challenge. Here, we present stretchable and sweat-wicking patches that utilize bioinspired smart wettable membranes for the on-demand manipulation of sweat flow. In a scalable process, the membrane is created by stacking hydrophobic elastomer nanofibers onto soft microfoams with predefined two-dimensional superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic patterns. The engineered heterogeneous wettability distribution allows these porous membranes to achieve enhanced extraction and selective collection of sweat in embedded assays. Despite the simplified architecture, the color reactions between sweat and chemical indicators are inhibited from directly contacting the skin to achieve a largely improved operation safety. The sensing patches can simultaneously quantify pH, urea, and calcium in sweat through digital colorimetric analysis with smartphone images. The construction with all compliant materials renders these patches soft and stretchy to achieve conformal attachment to the skin. Successfully analyzing sweat compositions after physical exercises illustrates the practical suitability of these skin-attachable sensors for health tracking and point-of-care diagnosis.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Suor , Suor/química , Ação Capilar , Pele , Biomarcadores/análise
8.
Anal Chem ; 96(12): 4997-5005, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38483157

RESUMO

In the realm of clinical practice, the concurrent utilization of anticancer medications can enhance their overall therapeutic efficacy. However, it is crucial to acknowledge that the interactions among these anticancer drugs can potentially yield detrimental consequences on their intended outcomes. Consequently, the assessment of both anticancer potency and potential toxic side effects is greatly refined when multiple anticancer drugs are simultaneously detected and evaluated. Here, we designed a wearable electrochemical aptasensor array for monitoring multiple anticancer drugs in sweat. The integrated sensor array consists of three working electrodes modified with three different aptamers (Apt1, Apt2, and Apt3), a Au counter electrode, and a Ag/AgCl reference electrode. Molecular docking simulations were performed to show the binding affinities between three anticancer drugs and their corresponding aptamers. Various eigenvalues were derived from the square-wave voltammetry electrochemical signals, and these data sets were subjected to rigorous analysis through multivariate data analysis techniques. This analytical approach demonstrated exceptional performance by achieving flawless 100% accuracy in the precise identification of nine anticancer drugs consistently at uniform concentrations. Furthermore, the integrated wearable sensor array exhibited impressive capabilities, correctly recognizing all nine anticancer drugs with 100% accuracy and successfully distinguishing between these drugs in artificial sweat samples. The proposed sensor array presents good stability for 15 days. Flexibility tests showed stable device performance after 500 twisting cycles. This innovative wearable sensing array represents a novel approach for achieving real-time monitoring and precise adjustment of drug dosages. It offers invaluable insights for tailoring the treatment of anticancer drugs to individual patients, predicting both drug efficacy and potential adverse reactions within the field of clinical medicine.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Suor , Humanos , Suor/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Eletrodos , Oligonucleotídeos/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas
9.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 253: 116166, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428069

RESUMO

Eccrine sweat can serve as a source of biomarkers for assessing physiological health and nutritional balance, for tracking loss of essential species from the body and for evaluating exposure to hazardous substances. The growing interest in this relatively underexplored class of biofluid arises in part from its non-invasive ability for capture and analysis. The simplest devices, and the only ones that are commercially available, exploit soft microfluidic constructs and colorimetric assays with purely passive modes of operation. The most sophisticated platforms exploit batteries, electronic components and radio hardware for inducing sweat, for electrochemical evaluation of its content and for wireless transmission of this information. The work reported here introduces a technology that combines the advantages of these two different approaches, in the form of a cost-effective, easy-to-use device that supports on-demand evaluation of multiple biomarkers in sweat. This flexible, skin-interfaced, miniaturized system incorporates a hydrogel that contains an approved drug to activate eccrine sweat glands, electrodes and a simple circuit and battery to delivery this drug by iontophoresis through the surface of the skin, microfluidic channels and microreservoirs to capture the induced sweat, and multiple colorimetric assays to evaluate the concentrations of chloride, zinc, and iron. As demonstrated in healthy human participants monitored before and after a meal, such devices yield results that match those of traditional laboratory analysis techniques. Clinical studies that involve cystic fibrosis pediatric patients illustrate the use of this technology as a simple, painless, and reliable alternative to traditional hospital systems for measurements of sweat chloride.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Suor , Humanos , Criança , Cloretos , Colorimetria , Biomarcadores
10.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1299: 342453, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of wearable detection devices that can achieve noninvasive, on-site and real-time monitoring of sweat metabolites is of great demand and practical significance for point-of-care testing and healthcare monitoring. Monitoring uric acid (UA) content in sweat provides a simple and promising way to reduce the risk of gout and hyperuricemia. Traditional bioenzyme based UA assays suffer from high cost, poor stability, inconvenience for storage and easy deactivation of bioenzymes. Wearable microfluidic colorimetric detection device for sweat UA detection has not been reported. The development of novel wearable microfluidic colorimetric detection chip with no requirement of bioenzymes for sweat UA detection is of great importance for health care monitoring. RESULTS: Firstly, Co@MnO2 nanozyme with high oxidase-like activity was synthesized and characterized. Co@MnO2 can catalyze the oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) directly to generate blue-green colored ox-TMB. Green colored 2,2'-Azinobis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonate) radical (ABTS·+) was produced by the oxidation of ABTS by potassium persulfate. UA exhibits distinct quenching effect on Co@MnO2 catalyzed TMB colorimetric reaction system and ABTS·+ based colorimetric system, leading to obvious color fading of the two colorimetric systems. Then, a flexible microfluidic colorimetric detection chip for UA detection was fabricated by assembling Co@MnO2/TMB modified paper chips and ABTS·+ modified paper chips into a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microfluidic chip. The fabricated microfluidic colorimetric detection chip exhibits good linear relationship for sweat UA detection. The linear range is from 20 to 200 µmol/L with detection limit as low as 6.6 µmol/L. Good results were obtained for the detection of UA in actual sweat from three volunteers. SIGNIFICANCE: This work provides two bio-enzyme free colorimetric detection systems for UA detection. Furthermore, a simple, low-cost and selective flexible wearable microfluidic colorimetric detection chip was fabricated for noninvasive and on-site detection of sweat UA, which holds great application potential for personal health monitoring and point-of-care testing.


Assuntos
Benzidinas , Benzotiazóis , Ácidos Sulfônicos , Suor , Ácido Úrico , Humanos , Microfluídica , Colorimetria/métodos , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos , Catálise
11.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1299: 342441, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In health assessment and personalized medical services, accurate detection of biological markers such as dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) in sweat is crucial for providing valuable physiological information. However, there are challenges in detecting sweat biomarkers due to their low concentrations, variations in sweat yield among individuals, and the need for efficient sweat collection. RESULTS: We synthesized CuNi-MOF@rGO as a high-activity electrocatalyst and investigated its feasibility and electrochemical mechanism for simultaneously detecting low-concentration biomarkers UA and DA. Interaction between the non-coordinating carboxylate group and the sample produces effective separation signals for DA and UA. The wearable biomimetic biosensor has a wide linear range of 1-500 µM, with a detection limit of 9.41 µM and sensitivity of 0.019 µA µM-1 cm-2 for DA, and 10-1000 µM, with a detection limit of 9.09 µM and sensitivity of 0.026 µA µM-1 cm-2 for UA. Thus, our sensor performs excellently in detecting low-concentration biomarkers. To improve sweat collection, we designed a microfluidic-controlled device with hydrophilic modification in the microchannel. Experimental results show optimal ink flow at 2% concentration. Overall, we developed an innovative and highly active electrocatalyst, successfully enabling simultaneous detection of low-concentration biomarkers UA and DA. SIGNIFICANCE: This study provides a strategy for sweat analysis and health monitoring. Moreover, the sensor also showed good performance in detecting real sweat samples. This study has shown great potential in future advances in sweat analysis and health monitoring.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Suor/química , Dopamina/análise , Ácido Úrico/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Biomarcadores , Técnicas Eletroquímicas
12.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542815

RESUMO

Exercise can disrupt the fluid balance, hindering performance and athlete health. Limited data exist on fluid balance responses in varying climates, sexes, and ages. This study aimed to measure and compare fluid balance and urine values among elite soccer players during training at high and low temperatures, examining the differences between sexes, playing positions, and competitive levels within men's soccer. During the 2022-2023 competitive season, a descriptive observational study was conducted on 87 soccer players from an elite Spanish soccer team. The study found that none of the groups exceeded weight loss values of 1.5% of their body mass. Additionally, the soccer players studied experienced higher weight loss, fluid intake, and a higher sweat rate (SR) during summer training compared to winter training. During the summer, male U23-21 soccer players exhibited higher levels of weight loss, fluid intake, and a higher SR compared to female soccer players or the U19-17 male category. No significant differences were found between playing positions. In conclusion, differences in the fluid balance were observed based on the climatic conditions, competitive level, and sex.


Assuntos
Futebol , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Futebol/fisiologia , Equilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/fisiologia , Suor , Sudorese , Redução de Peso
13.
ACS Sens ; 9(3): 1565-1574, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447101

RESUMO

Molecular recognition and sensing can be coupled to interfacial capacitance changes on graphene foam surfaces linked to double layer effects and coupled to enhanced quantum capacitance. 3D graphene foam film electrodes (Gii-Sens; thickness approximately 40 µm; roughness factor approximately 100) immersed in aqueous buffer media exhibit an order of magnitude jump in electrochemical capacitance upon adsorption of a charged molecular receptor based on pyrene-appended boronic acids (here, 4-borono-1-(pyren-2-ylmethyl)pyridin-1-ium bromide, or abbreviated T1). This pyrene-appended pyridinium boronic acid receptor is employed here as a molecular receptor for lactate. In the presence of lactate and at pH 4.0 (after pH optimization), the electrochemical capacitance (determined by impedance spectroscopy) doubles again. Lactic acid binding is expressed with a Hillian binding constant (Klactate = 75 mol-1 dm3 and α = 0.8 in aqueous buffer, Klactate = 460 mol-1 dm3 and α = 0.8 in artificial sweat, and Klactate = 340 mol-1 dm3 and α = 0.65 in human serum). The result is a selective molecular probe response for lactic acid with LoD = 1.3, 1.4, and 1.8 mM in aqueous buffer media (pH 4.0), in artificial sweat (adjusted to pH 4.7), and in human serum (pH adjusted to 4.0), respectively. The role of the pyrene-appended boronic acid is discussed based on the double layer structure and quantum capacitance changes. In the future, this new type of molecular capacitance sensor could provide selective enzyme-free analysis without analyte consumption for a wider range of analytes and complex environments.


Assuntos
Grafite , Ácido Láctico , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/análise , Grafite/química , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Suor/química , Eletrodos
14.
Anal Chem ; 96(9): 3914-3924, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387027

RESUMO

Wearable, noninvasive sensors enable the continuous monitoring of metabolites in sweat and provide clinical information related to an individual's health and disease states. Uric acid (UA) is a key indicator highly associated with gout, hyperuricaemia, hypertension, kidney disease, and Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. However, the detection of UA levels typically relies on invasive blood tests. Therefore, developing a wearable device for noninvasive monitoring of UA concentrations in sweat could facilitate real-time personalized disease prevention. Here, we introduce 1,3,6,8-pyrene tetrasulfonic acid sodium salt (PyTS) as a bifunctional molecule functionalized with Ti3C2Tx via π-π conjugation to design nonenzymatic wearable sensors for sensitive and selective detection of UA concentration in human sweat. PyTS@Ti3C2Tx provides many oxidation-reduction active groups to enhance the electrocatalytic ability of the UA oxidation reaction. The PyTS@Ti3C2Tx-based electrochemical sensor demonstrates highly sensitive detection of UA in the concentration range of 5 µM-100 µM, exhibiting a lower detection limit of 0.48 µM compared to the uricase-based sensor (0.84 µM). In volunteers, the PyTS@Ti3C2Tx-based wearable sensor is integrated with flexible microfluidic sweat sampling and wireless electronics to enable real-time monitoring of UA levels during aerobic exercise. Simultaneously, it allows for comparison of blood UA levels via a commercial UA analyzer. Herein, this study provides a promising electrocatalyst strategy for nonenzymatic electrochemical UA sensor, enabling noninvasive real-time monitoring of UA levels in human sweat and personalized disease prevention.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nitritos , Elementos de Transição , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Ácido Úrico/análise , Titânio/análise , Suor/química
15.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 251: 116136, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377637

RESUMO

Nutrition assessment is crucial for dietary guidance and prevention of malnutrition. Recent endeavors in wearable biochemical sensors have enabled real-time, in situ analysis of nutrients in sweat. However, the monitoring of riboflavin, an indispensable vitamin B involved in energy metabolism, remains challenging due to its trace level and variations in the sweat matrix. Herein, we report a wireless, battery-free, and flexible wearable biosensing system for the in situ monitoring of sweat riboflavin. Highly sensitive and selective electrochemical voltammetric detection is realized based on the synergistic effect of electrodeposited reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) with a low detection limit of 1.2 nM. The fully integrated system is capable of sweat sampling with the microfluidic patch, real-time riboflavin analysis and pH calibration with the flexible electrode array, as well as wirelessly simultaneous near field communication (NFC) energy harvesting and data transmission with the flexible circuit and a smartphone. On-body human sweat analysis demonstrates high accuracy cross-validated with gold-standard measurements, and reveals a strong correlation between sweat and urine riboflavin levels. The proposed wearable platform opens up attractive possibilities for noninvasive nutrient tracking, providing strong potential for personalized dietary guidance towards precision nutrition.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Suor , Platina , Riboflavina
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(8): 10960-10968, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38361387

RESUMO

Acting as a "second skin", clothing plays an indispensable role in providing comfort and protection in the wide range of environments in which we live. However, comfort and protection are often competing requirements and are difficult to improve simultaneously. By mimicking the exceptional thermoresponsive one-way liquid transport property of human skin, here we developed a scalable and ecofriendly skin-like fabric that has a tunable directional water transport rate while having excellent water repellency. The water transport rate is also temperature-responsive, just like skin. As the temperature increases, the wettability gradient in the spatially distributed channels (acting like "sweat glands") increases, promoting sweat transport and evaporative heat dissipation. As the temperature decreases, on the other hand, the wettability gradient diminishes, reducing liquid transport and evaporative heat loss, thereby promoting heat retention. The fabric is highly suitable for sportswear and functional clothing and can have wider applications, such as oil-water separation, fog harvesting, etc.


Assuntos
Vestuário , Pele , Humanos , Sudorese , Suor , Água
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(8): 9725-9735, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378454

RESUMO

Potentiometric detection in complex biological fluids enables continuous electrolyte monitoring for personal healthcare; however, the commercialization of ion-selective electrode-based devices has been limited by the rapid loss of potential stability caused by electrode surface inactivation and biofouling. Here, we describe a simple multifunctional hybrid patch incorporating an Au nanoparticle/siloxene-based solid contact (SC) supported by a substrate made of laser-inscribed graphene on poly(dimethylsiloxane) for the noninvasive detection of sweat Na+ and K+. These SC nanocomposites prevent the formation of a water layer during ion-to-electron transfer, preserving 3 and 5 µV/h potential drift for the Na+ and K+ ion-selective electrodes, respectively, after 13 h of exposure. The lamellar structure of the siloxene sheets increases the SC area. In addition, the electroplated Au nanoparticles, which have a large surface area and excellent conductivity, further increased the electric double-layer capacitance at the interface between the ion-selective membranes and solid-state contacts, thus facilitating ion-to-electron transduction and ultimately improving the detection stability of Na+ and K+. Furthermore, the integrated temperature and electrocardiogram sensors in the flexible patch assist in monitoring body temperature and electrocardiogram signals, respectively. Featuring both electrochemical ion-selective and physical sensors, this patch offers immense potential for the self-monitoring of health.


Assuntos
Grafite , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Grafite/química , Ouro/química , Suor/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Eletrocardiografia
18.
Anal Methods ; 16(10): 1439-1453, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411394

RESUMO

Chloride is a crucial anion required for multiple functions in the human body including maintaining acid-base balance, fluid balance, electrical neutrality and supporting muscles and nerve cells. Low-chloride levels can cause nausea, diarrhoea, etc. Chloride levels are measured in different body fluids such as urine, serum, sweat and saliva. Sweat chloride measurements are used for multiple applications including disease diagnosis, sports monitoring, and geriatric care. For instance, a sweat chloride test is performed for cystic fibrosis screening. Further, sweat also offers continuous non-invasive access to body fluids for real-time monitoring of chloride that could be used for sports and geriatric care. This review focuses on wearable chloride sensors that are used for periodic and continuous chloride monitoring. The multiple sections in the paper discuss the clinical significance of chloride, detection methods, sensor fabrication methods and their application in cystic fibrosis screening, sports and geriatric care. Finally, the last section discusses the limitation of current sensors and future directions for wearable chloride sensors.


Assuntos
Fibrose Cística , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Idoso , Suor , Fibrose Cística/diagnóstico , Cloretos , Sudorese
19.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(3): 137, 2024 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358570

RESUMO

An innovative electrochemical sensor is introduced that utilizes bipolar electrochemistry on a paper substrate for detecting glucose in sweat. The sensor employs a three-dimensional porous nanocomposite (MXene/NiSm-LDH) formed by decorating nickel-samarium nanoparticles with double-layer MXene hydroxide. These specially designed electrodes exhibit exceptional electrocatalytic activity during glucose oxidation. The glucose sensing mechanism involves enzyme-free oxidation of the analyte within the sensor cell, achieved by applying an appropriate potential. This leads to the reduction of K3Fe(CN)6 in the reporter cell, and the resulting current serves as the response signal. By optimizing various parameters, the measurement platform enables the accurate determination of sweat glucose concentrations within a linear range of 10 to 200 µM. The limit of detection (LOD) for glucose is 3.6 µM (S/N = 3), indicating a sensitive and reliable detection capability. Real samples were analysed  to validate the sensor's efficiency, and the results obtained were both promising and encouraging.


Assuntos
Nitritos , Suor , Titânio , Elementos de Transição , Eletroquímica , Glucose
20.
Lab Chip ; 24(7): 1996-2004, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373026

RESUMO

For the past few years, sweat analysis for health monitoring has attracted increasing attention benefiting from wearable technology. In related research, the sensitive detection of uric acid (UA) in sweat with complex composition based on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) for the diagnosis of gout is still a significant challenge. Herein, we report a visualized and intelligent wearable sweat platform for SERS detection of UA in sweat. In this wearable platform, the spiral channel consisted of colorimetric paper with Ag nanowires (AgNWs) that could capture sweat for SERS measurement. With the help of photos from a smartphone, the pH value and volume of sweat could be quantified intelligently based on the image recognition technique. To diagnose gout, SERS spectra of human sweat with UA are collected in this wearable intelligent platform and analyzed by artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms. The results indicate that the artificial neural network (ANN) algorithm exhibits good identification of gout with high accuracy at 97%. Our work demonstrates that SERS-AI in a wearable intelligent sweat platform could be a feasible strategy for diagnosis of gout, which expands research on sweat analysis for comfortable and noninvasive health monitoring.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Gota , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Suor/química , Inteligência Artificial , Gota/diagnóstico , Análise Espectral Raman , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
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