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1.
PeerJ ; 12: e16931, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371377

RESUMO

Background: Urbanization has an ecological and evolutionary effect on urban microorganisms. Microorganisms are fundamental to ecosystem functions, such as global biogeochemical cycles, biodegradation and biotransformation of pollutants, and restoration and maintenance of ecosystems. Changes in microbial communities can disrupt these essential processes, leading to imbalances within ecosystems. Studying the impact of human activities on urban microbes is critical to protecting the environment, human health, and overall urban sustainability. Methods: In this study, bacterial communities in the sediments of an urban artificial river were profiled by sequencing the 16S rRNA V3-V4 region. The samples collected from the eastern side of the Jiusha River were designated as the JHE group and were marked by persistent urban sewage discharges. The samples collected on the western side of the Jiusha River were categorized as the JHW group for comparative analysis. Results: The calculated alpha diversity indices indicated that the bacterial community in the JHW group exhibited greater species diversity and evenness than that of the JHE group. Proteobacteria was the most dominant phylum between the two groups, followed by Bacteroidota. The relative abundance of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidota accumulated in the JHE group was higher than in the JHW group. Therefore, the estimated biomarkers in the JHE group were divided evenly between Proteobacteria and Bacteroidota, whereas the biomarkers in the JHW group mainly belonged to Proteobacteria. The Sulfuricurvum, MND1, and Thiobacillus genus were the major contributors to differences between the two groups. In contrast to JHW, JHE exhibited higher enzyme abundances related to hydrolases, oxidoreductases, and transferases, along with a prevalence of pathways associated with carbohydrate, energy, and amino acid metabolisms. Our study highlights the impact of human-induced water pollution on microorganisms in urban environments.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Esgotos , Humanos , Cidades , Rios/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Crescimento Sustentável , Bactérias/genética , Bacteroidetes/genética , Proteobactérias/genética , Microbiota/genética , Biomarcadores
2.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0296819, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377109

RESUMO

The escalating challenge of municipal solid waste (MSW) critically tests the sustainable development capacities of urban centers. In response, China initiated pilot policies in 2017 aimed at bolstering MSW management. The effectiveness of these initiatives, however, necessitates empirical scrutiny. This study leverages panel data spanning 95 cities at the prefectural level or higher, covering the period from 2006 to 2020, to assess the impact of the MSW sorting pilot policy on urban sustainable development using a difference-in-differences approach. The research found that the MSW sorting pilot policy has significantly increased the processing volume of MSW, thereby enhancing the sustainable development capabilities of cities. Further, the study identifies augmented fixed asset investments as a key mechanism through which pilot cities have enhanced their MSW management capabilities. Notably, the policy's stimulative effects are more pronounced in less densely populated and economically lagging regions. These findings provide critical insights for developing nations in shaping MSW sorting strategies and advancing urban sustainability.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , Resíduos Sólidos/análise , Cidades , Crescimento Sustentável , China , Políticas
3.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297559, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346041

RESUMO

The financial performance of Chinese public and private sector banks is changing over time. There is no stability in the financial performance of Chinese banks which hurts businesses and the market. The purpose of current research was to determine the influence of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on driving the sustainable financial performance of Chinese banks. From methodological perspective, data was collected from 329 banking sector employees from China to partial least square-structural equation model (PLS-SEM) is employed for data analysis. The research used SPSS 24 and Smart PLS 4 as statistical analysis tools. This research confirmed that achieving sustainability in financial performance for Chinese banks can be achieved with CSR influenced by technological innovation, ethical leadership, and government regulations. This research has statistically confirmed that transformational leadership leading to CSR with technological innovation, ethical leadership, and government regulations can make significant improvements in financial performance. The framework developed by current research is a novel contribution to the literature. The findings of this research improve the literature on the banking sector and advanced performance. Furthermore, this research has highlighted significant ways that can help the banking sector employees to improve their financial performance with sustainability.


Assuntos
Conta Bancária , Regulamentação Governamental , Indústrias , Invenções , Liderança , Responsabilidade Social , China , Indústrias/economia , Crescimento Sustentável , Desenvolvimento Econômico
4.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0297456, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346062

RESUMO

The establishment of green finance reform and innovation (GFRI) pilot zone is an important measure of the Chinese government to urge enterprises to develop green transformation. This paper explores the impact of pilot policies in the GFRI pilot zone on corporate environmental investment. Based on 819 A-share listed enterprises from 2010 to 2020, our staggered difference-in-differences (staggered DID) estimation documents revealed that enterprises in the GFRI pilot zone significantly increased the corporate environmental investment efficiency but reduced the scale of corporate environmental investment.This conclusion remained robust after Propensity Scores Matching difference-in-differences (PSM-DID), replacing dependent variables, and shortening the time window. We contend that the increased research and development (R&D) expenditure and technological innovation are the potential mechanisms at work. Heterogeneity analysis showed that the establishment of GFRI improved the environmental investment efficiency of polluting enterprises but had no effect on green enterprises.Meanwhile, the effect of GFRI exhibited heterogeneity in the type of enterprise ownership. This paper evaluates the implementation effect of GFRI from the perspective of corporate environmental investment, and provides theoretical support and an empirical basis for green finance policy to serve China's green economy.


Assuntos
Política Ambiental , Política Fiscal , Investimentos em Saúde , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Crescimento Sustentável , China , Governo , Organizações , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Desenvolvimento Sustentável/economia
5.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(13): 20073-20083, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38372923

RESUMO

Financial deepening is important in resource allocation for more productive enterprises, leading to sustainable green growth. Moreover, rapid development in the digital economy and export diversification significantly affect green growth. From this perspective, our study explores the impact of financial deepening, ICT development, and export diversification on green growth in China's economies from 1996 to 2021. The study explores the linkage between financial deepening, ICT development, export diversification, and green growth by employing the nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag (NARDL) approach. The results obtained in the long run are as follows: positive shock in financial deepening brings positive change in green growth, whereas negative shock in financial deepening reduces green growth. In the long run, positive shock in ICT enhances green growth, but negative shock in ICT does not impact green growth. Moreover, positive shock in export diversification brings positive change in green growth, whereas negative shock in export diversification reports an insignificant impact on green growth. Based on findings, it is suggested that financial deepening, ICT development, and export diversification are conducive to sustainable green growth.


Assuntos
Alocação de Recursos , Crescimento Sustentável , Movimento (Física) , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Dióxido de Carbono , China
6.
J Environ Manage ; 352: 120097, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237338

RESUMO

One third of the world's largest cities are located in drylands, where much of future urbanization is projected to occur. This is paradoxical and unsustainable considering water scarcity in drylands, which is exacerbated by climate change. Thus, it is critical to better understand why and how dryland urbanization and water scarcity are decoupled so that sustainable measures can be designed. Focusing on the Phoenix Metropolitan Area (PMA) of the United States, we addressed the following questions: 1) What are the relative influences of water and economic factors on urbanization in recent decades? 2) Which linkages connecting water storage to urban development have been decoupled? and 3) How can water availability and development be better coupled to improve regional sustainability? We tested the relationships between economic factors, water availability, and urbanization, with Pearson Correlation Analysis and Structural Equation Modeling. We found that, from 1986 to 2019, urban population growth and urban land expansion in the PMA were driven by economic factors, and not influenced by fluctuations in water supply. We identified specific broken linkages among water storage, water deliveries, municipal water supply, and urbanization, which must be coupled to enforce water availability constraints on urban expansion in the context of climate change. Our study has important implications for dryland urban sustainability as urbanization on borrowed water is, by definition, unsustainable.


Assuntos
Urbanização , Água , Humanos , Cidades , Crescimento Sustentável , População Urbana
7.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(10): 14762-14774, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38280171

RESUMO

Promoting the development of green finance (GF) is a critical way to address the environmental and developmental problems in China. While existing studies have examined the macroscopic role of GF, few pay attention to its impact on micro-enterprises. To investigate the effect of GF on micro-enterprises, this study considers green credit as a quasi-natural experiment to investigate the effect on firms' green total factor productivity (GTFP). We use the SBM-Malmquist method to measure firms' GTFP and adopt the double dual machine learning approach to explore its impact and potential mechanisms. The findings indicate that (1) the GF can effectively promote the GTFP at the firm level, which has been reconfirmed by robustness tests. (2) The GF can improve firms' GTFP through three pathways: promoting firms' green innovation, alleviating financing constraints, and strengthening managers' environmental concerns. (3). The heterogeneity analysis verifies that state-owned enterprises and large-size firms are more sensitive to the response of green finance. The results of this study lend support to the establishment of green finance and the formulation of corporate green development strategies.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Crescimento Sustentável , Catálise , China
8.
J Environ Manage ; 353: 120113, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286069

RESUMO

The growing incidence of urban flood disasters poses a major challenge to urban sustainability in China. Previous studies have reported that climate change and urbanization exacerbate urban flood risk in some major cities of China. However, few assessments have quantified the contributions of these two factors to urban flood changes in recent decades at the nationwide scale. Here, surface runoff caused by precipitation extremes was used as the urban flood hazard to evaluate the impacts of climate change and urbanization in China's 293 major cities. This study assessed the contributions of these drivers to urban flood hazard changes and identified the hotspot cities with increased trends under both factors during the past four decades (1980-2019). The results showed that approximately 70% of the cities analyzed have seen an increase of urban flood hazard in the latest decade. Urbanization made a positive contribution to increased urban flood hazards in more than 90% of the cities. The contribution direction of climate change showed significant variations across China. Overall, the absolute contribution rate of climate change far outweighed that of urbanization. In half of the cities (mainly distributed in eastern China), both climate change and urbanization led to increased urban flood hazard over the past decade. Among them, 33 cities have suffered a consecutive increase in urban flood hazard driven by both factors.


Assuntos
Inundações , Urbanização , Cidades , Mudança Climática , Crescimento Sustentável , China
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 912: 168977, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38036147

RESUMO

China has experienced history's largest rural-to-urban migration. The social, economic, and environmental challenges brought about by urbanization are diverse and complex. Given China's national goal to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060 and commitment to urban sustainability, large cities have focused on urban greening initiatives. Yet, studies seeking to quantify ecosystem services and disservices only assess healthy, mature trees, rather than those with severe damage, declining health, or lack of vitality due to poor management. In this short communication, we conducted a case-study in one of China's major nursery stock-producing cities, Chengdu, on a common street tree, Ginkgo biloba, to assess the long-term impact of one of the most common yet extreme nursery transplant practices on tree growth (traumatic root-cutting of 'super-large' nursery stock). We used tree-ring data collected in a typical urban greenspace from 23 Ginkgo trees, including 18 trees transplanted as 'super-large' nursery stock and a control group (5 trees) transplanted as small-caliper trees. We found the trees transplanted as 'super-large' nursery stock experienced declining tree growth with decades of lost landscape potential likely due to traumatic root-cutting at the time of transplant from nursery to landscape. The control group allowed contrast between the growth patterns of 'super-large' transplanted trees with those that remained healthy, being transplanted as smaller-caliper trees. For the 'super-large' trees, we found a decrease in carbon sequestration from 7.6 kg C yr-1 on average per tree in 2001 to about 1.5 kg C yr-1 on average per tree in 2021, while no decreasing trends were observed among the control trees. This implies a negative impact on multiple expected ecosystem services including carbon sequestration, shade, canopy coverage, and pollutant mitigation. These results highlight the unrecognized costs of common Chinese nursery and transplant techniques on urban landscape trees, necessitating more research, science-based policies, and better management techniques.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Ginkgo biloba , Cidades , Crescimento Sustentável , Árvores , Extratos Vegetais , China
11.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(47): e2206231120, 2023 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37956274

RESUMO

While the negative environmental, social and health impacts of the current food system have been acknowledged and evidenced for several decades, the recent and current transformations in food systems at diverse scales are not yet addressing the many inter-related stakes at play. Due to the much wider set of interactions in this consumption-production system, new conceptual tools are required for understanding and assessing sustainability transitions and what prevents them. The article will draw on the cases of France and the UK to examine these countries' national food systems' historical trajectories and suggest a periodization of these in order to reveal common characteristics and differences. This will show that despite common major trends and common transition or inertia mechanisms, pathways differ, especially from the 1990s, due to different configurations of power relationships between the state, economic actors and civil society in a context of an increasing competition between sustainability narratives that leads to an increasing fragmentation in food systems. It will lead us to join the recent progress in the sustainability transitions' community towards a shift in the analysis from a focus on niches' trajectories and effects to a deeper focus on power configurations and competing narratives, as well as to suggest a larger inclusion of socio-ecological and spatial dimensions.


Assuntos
Agricultura , Alimentos , Crescimento Sustentável , França , Reino Unido
12.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(58): 121834-121850, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37962752

RESUMO

The development of urban blue-green spaces is highly recommended as a nature-based solution for mitigating the urban heat island phenomenon, improving urban sustainability, and enhancing resident well-being. However, limited attention has been given to the accumulative impact of the cooling effect and the comparison of different types of landscapes. Based on the maximum and accumulative perspectives, this study selected 375 green spaces, water bodies, and urban parks in 25 cities of the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) region in China to quantify their cooling effect. Correlation and regression analyses were employed to identify the dominant factors influencing the cooling performance. The results indicated that (1) compared to other landscape patches, water areas, and parks exhibited a reduction in daily average air temperature by 3.04 and 0.57 °C, respectively. Urban parks provided the largest cooling area (CA) of 56.44 ha in the YRD region, while water bodies demonstrated the highest cooling effect (CE) of 6.88, cooling intensity (CI) of 0.02, and cooling gradient (CG) of 0.99. (2) From the maximum perspective, the perimeter of the patches played a dominant role in CA and CE for all landscape patch types, contributing more than 40% in CA variation. (3) The dominant factors varied among different landscape types from accumulative perspectives. Green spaces were influenced by road density, shape index, and the proportion of water bodies within the CA, whereas water bodies were primarily affected by the coverage of blue spaces. Vegetation growth and densely populated surroundings contributed the most to the cooling of parks. These findings enhanced the comprehension of the cooling effect in comparable urban contexts and provided valuable insights for sustainable urban management.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Parques Recreativos , Cidades , Rios , Crescimento Sustentável , China , Água
13.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 185(46)2023 Nov 13.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37987436

RESUMO

Research, like any other sector, has an effect on climate and is exposed for waste both societal and economic. There is evidence for possible improvements when keeping focus on study design, patient inclusion, transport, and reporting. However, there is a need for further national and international research. Sustainability is incorporated as a quality domaine in the United Kingdom and we will probably see the same development in Denmark, as argued in this review.


Assuntos
Pesquisa , Crescimento Sustentável , Humanos , Reino Unido , Dinamarca
15.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 30(55): 117519-117530, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37870672

RESUMO

The surge in fossil fuel consumption, culminating in global warming and climate change, compels nations to implement protective measures. Consequently, the concepts of "sustainable growth" and the "green economy" have gained prominence in response to heightened environmental consciousness. In light of these imperatives, nations have embarked on the formulation of sustainable and environmentally conscious policies, with the dual objective of safeguarding the environment and fostering economic growth. These factors have collectively contributed to the growing significance of energy policies within European nations, spurring a burgeoning momentum in research areas pertaining to energy efficiency and energy productivity. While extant literature has demonstrated the positive environmental impact of energy productivity, there exists a paucity of research pertaining to its economic implications. Energy productivity, defined as achieving equivalent or greater output with reduced energy consumption, bears the potential to influence economic output, thereby exerting cascading effects on various facets of the economy, including growth and exports. The principal aim of this study is to highlight that the augmentation of energy productivity can yield not only environmental advantages but also economic benefits. To achieve this objective, we conduct econometric analyses on panel data spanning the years 2000 to 2020 across the 27 member states of the European Union. Specifically, we explore the effects of energy productivity on diverse economic parameters, encompassing economic growth, high technology exports, medium and high technology exports, total exports, and trade volume. Employing the Driscoll-Kraay standard errors estimator, our findings evince that energy productivity exerts statistically significant and positive influences on economic growth, medium and high technology exports, total exports, and trade volume.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico , Aquecimento Global , União Europeia , Eficiência , Crescimento Sustentável , Dióxido de Carbono , Energia Renovável
17.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 17808, 2023 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37853084

RESUMO

Accessible urban nature is a key component of creating sustainable urban communities and promoting human health and well-being. To balance the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainable development, the United Nations adopted several sustainable developmental goals (SDGs), such as SDG 11 for sustainable cities and communities, which aims to improve urban planning and management, including equitable access to urban nature. However, more information is still needed regarding how planners and managers can promote urban nature visitation and equitable access during health and environmental crises, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to examine trends in urban nature visitation during the pandemic and then to determine if the effect of the pandemic on the frequency of urban nature site visitation varied by distance to home, using an innovative approach of analyzing both publicly available large-scale mobility data and a web-based survey of urban residents of Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel. The mobility data results showed that there was a negative mean % difference in park visits compared to baseline during the first and third lockdowns, but an increase compared to baseline between lockdowns and even during the second lockdown. This suggests that urban residents had greater need to reconnect with urban nature during and after periods of intense stress. In addition, the survey results showed an increasing negative effect of distance on urban nature site visitation during the pandemic, specifically for urban nature sites located more than 1 km from home. Altogether, the mobility data and survey results suggest that people who lived within 1 km of their preferred urban nature site had disproportionate access to the benefits of urban nature during and after lockdowns than others. To effectively make social and ecological transitions toward urban sustainability, it is vital that cities promote urban nature accessibility during current and future environmental and health crises. Cities should collaborate with diverse stakeholders to create/maintain accessible urban nature sites nearby all sociodemographic groups, provide sustainability education and training to convey the benefits of urban nature, and pursue participatory solutions for understanding urban nature needs and preferences. In this manner, it will be possible to address the growing influence of proximity/travel distance and additional factors that affect urban nature visitation and ultimately, human health and urban sustainability.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Cidades , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Crescimento Sustentável
19.
Environ Sci Technol ; 57(41): 15475-15486, 2023 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37788297

RESUMO

Urbanization has degraded ecosystem services on a global scale, and cities are vulnerable to long-term stresses and risks exacerbated by climate change. Green infrastructure (GI) has been increasingly implemented in cities to improve ecosystem functions and enhance city resilience, yet GI degradation or failure is common. Biochar has been recently suggested as an ideal substrate additive for a range of GI types due to its favorable properties; however, the generality of biochar benefits the GI ecosystem function, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we present a global meta-analysis and synthesis and demonstrate that biochar additions pervasively benefit a wide range of ecosystem functions on GI. Biochar applications were found to improve substrate water retention capacity by 23% and enhance substrate nutrients by 12-31%, contributing to a 33% increase in plant total biomass. Improved substrate physicochemical properties and plant growth together reduce discharge water volume and improve discharge water quality from GI. In addition, biochar increases microbial biomass on GI by ∼150% due to the presence of biochar pores and enhanced microbial growth conditions, while also reducing CO2 and N2O emissions. Overall results suggest that biochar has great potential to enhance GI ecosystem functions as well as urban sustainability and resilience.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Crescimento Sustentável , Cidades , Carvão Vegetal/química , Solo/química
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