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1.
Pharmazie ; 79(6): 109-113, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877683

RESUMO

Objective: Tapentadol is a drug of choice for neuropathic cancer pain. DN4 questionnaire quickly determines neuropathic pain component. The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between neuropathic malignant pain component by applying tapentadol antidolorose pharmacotherapy in combination with palliative radiotherapy of osseous neuropathic metastatic changes in breast cancer patients before and after palliative radiotherapy. Methods: The first patients group comprised 30 patients with primary breast cancer and proved painful bone secondary deposits with neuropathy for which tapentadol was prescribed, and they underwent palliative radiotherapy. The second group comprised 30 patients with primary breast cancer and proved painful bone metastases with neuropathy treated only with palliative antidolorose radiotherapy. Key findings : After two-months-follow up, tapentadol group patients had lower DN4 score values (Z=2,021; p=0.043). Significantly lower number of tapentadol group patients was without neuropathic pain after a three-month-follow up (χ ²=5,711; p=0.017). Significantly greater number of tapentadol group patients had best ECOG score 0 ( χ² =7,486; p=0.023). There was statistically significant positive correlation between tapentadol dose and DN4 score in patients after a month (ρ=0,471; p=0.009) and three months after the radiotherapy completion (ρ=0,610; p<0.001). Tapentadol is an opioid analgesic efficient for neuropathy relief in these patients and DN4 questionnaire is an efficient pharmacotherapy tool.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Neoplasias da Mama , Neuralgia , Fenóis , Tapentadol , Humanos , Tapentadol/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Fenóis/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/complicações , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Medição da Dor , Seguimentos
2.
Clin J Pain ; 40(8): 463-468, 2024 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863212

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the analgesic effectiveness of intranasal tapentadol nasal spray 44.5 mg and intravenous (IV) paracetamol 1 gm during the postoperative period in patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgeries under spinal anesthesia. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, single-blind clinical trial was carried out in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Patients aged between 18 and 60 years of physical status ASA grade 1-3 were included in the study. Postoperative pain scores were measured using the visual analog scale (VAS) in centimeters (cm) every 12 hours in 37 patients per group. The patients were administered either intranasal tapentadol or IV paracetamol every 6 hours for 72 hours, beginning 3 hours after surgery. RESULTS: There was a significant group by intervention effect favoring intranasal tapentadol, suggesting a greater reduction in VAS pain scores after the intervention at 72 hours (estimate: -1.58 cm; SE:0.2; P<0.001). Group by time effect for all the measured time frames, except for 36 hours, favored intranasal tapentadol with estimated values for greater reduction in VAS pain scores ranging from -0.8 cm to -1.6 cm. DISCUSSION: The results of the present study suggests that intranasal tapentadol results in a greater reduction of postoperative pain compared with IV paracetamol in lower limb orthopedic surgeries. The ease of administration of tapentadol may make it a preferred option over IV paracetamol in such surgeries.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen , Administração Intranasal , Analgésicos não Narcóticos , Raquianestesia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória , Fenóis , Tapentadol , Humanos , Acetaminofen/administração & dosagem , Acetaminofen/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Método Simples-Cego , Tapentadol/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Fenóis/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos não Narcóticos/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos não Narcóticos/uso terapêutico , Raquianestesia/métodos , Adolescente , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Administração Intravenosa
3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(8): 3227-3240, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate pain control, functioning, and quality of life (QoL) recovery in patients with chronic low back pain (cLBP) or post-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA) pain in the ankle/foot area, treated with tapentadol prolonged release and unresponsive to other treatments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two observational retrospective studies were conducted using clinical practice datasets of patients with chronic pain in cLBP and OA foot/ankle at different time points (total follow-up=60-90 days). The studies assessed pain intensity by the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) pain scale (patients were classified as responder in case of ≥30% pain reduction), QoL by the 5-level EQ-5D (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire, patient satisfaction by the 7-point Patients' Global Impression of Change (PGIC) scale; cLBP health status by the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ); foot and ankle functional status by European Foot and Ankle Society (EFAS) score; and treatment-related AEs. RESULTS: For the cLBP setting, 37 patients were enrolled, of which 86.50% were classified as responders (n=32; CI: 75.5% ÷ 97.5%). For the foot/ankle OA pain setting, 21 patients were enrolled. Pain assessment at final follow-up was available only for 11 patients, of which 72.73% (n=8; CI: 39.0% ÷ 94.0%) were classified as responders. Statistically significant improvements were seen in the RMDQ, EQ-5D-5L, and PGIC scores in cLBP. Improvements in the EFAS, EQ-5D-5L, and PGIC scores were seen in OA as well. The incidence of treatment-related adverse reactions was low in both studies. CONCLUSIONS: In the study population, tapentadol prolonged release was effective and well tolerated in treating cLBP and post-traumatic foot/ankle OA chronic pain when used in a multimodal manner. The reduction in pain was accompanied by clinically relevant improvements in patients' functionality and QoL.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Tapentadol , Humanos , Tapentadol/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Dor Musculoesquelética/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Musculoesquelética/diagnóstico , Idoso , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/complicações , Medição da Dor , Adulto , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 243: 116109, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518458

RESUMO

An innovative ecofriendly high-performance thin layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method with spectrophotometric detection for simultaneous determination of Tramadol (TMD), Tapentadol (TAP), and Venlafaxine (VEN) in seized dosage forms was presented. Our method was conducted to achieve separation following the optimal conditions: pre-coated silica gel plates using a green mobile phase (heptane: acetone: ammonia, 7:3:0.5 v/v), with absorbance scanning at 272 nm. The validation of the method was done following International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines, demonstrates linearity, accuracy, precision, selectivity, robustness, and system suitability. Separation was achieved with a detection limit of 0.34, 0.16, and 0.084 (ug/band) for TMD, TAP, and VEN, respectively, the method successfully analyzes seized samples. Trueness is confirmed through a high degree of similarity between HPTLC and gas chromatography results. The study's ecofriendly approach, simplicity, and selectivity position it as a promising method for efficient, on-site monitoring of seized samples.


Assuntos
Tramadol , Tapentadol , Cloridrato de Venlafaxina , Cromatografia em Camada Fina/métodos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
J Microencapsul ; 41(2): 127-139, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38410926

RESUMO

Aim of the current study is to develop a microemulsion gel for transdermal delivery of tapentadol hydrochloride. Microemulsion was developed using phase diagram and subjected to assay, globule size, PDI, zeta potential, TEM and in vitro drug release studies. The optimized microemulsion was converted into gel using carbopol 934 NF and evaluated for viscosity, spreadability, in vitro, ex vivo, FTIR, DSC, stability and skin irritation studies. The mean globule size, PDI, zeta potential and in vitro drug release of microemulsion were found 247.3 nm, 0.298, -17.6 mV and 98.42% respectively. In vitro and ex vivo drug release of gel was found 92.2% and 88.6% in 24 h. Viscosity and spreadability results indicated ease of application and no incompatibility was observed from FTIR studies. The skin irritation studies showed absence of erythema. Key findings from the current research concluded that microemulsion gel was suitable for effective transdermal delivery.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Absorção Cutânea , Humanos , Tapentadol , Géis , Administração Cutânea , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos
6.
Intern Med J ; 54(6): 941-950, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sustained-release (SR) tapentadol was listed on Australia's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) in 2014 for chronic severe pain requiring long-term opioid treatment. Dispensings have increased since listing despite declining trends in other PBS-listed opioids. Preferential prescribing of SR opioids may increase the risk of dependence and accidental overdose, particularly when used to treat acute pain. AIMS: To explore the quality use of publicly subsidised tapentadol in Australia. METHODS: We examined annual initiation rates and patterns of use of tapentadol (SR) in the dispensing records of a 10% random sample of PBS-eligible Australians (2014-2021). We used national tapentadol sales data to assess the proportion of sales attributable to the PBS. RESULTS: Tapentadol initiation increased from 2014, peaking at 7.5/1000 adult population in 2019 before declining to 5.3/1000 in 2021. We identified 63 766 new users between 2014 and 2020, of whom 92.8% discontinued in the first year following initiation, 58.0% had only a single dispensing and 34.3% had no other opioids dispensed in the 3 months before or after initiation. 27.8% of new users were dispensed tapentadol on the same day as potentially interacting medicines. There was a sustained drop in the proportion of sales attributable to the PBS from June 2020 onwards, from an average of 69.1%, to 63.9% of pack sales. CONCLUSIONS: Patterns of use suggest tapentadol (SR) is generally used for short duration. Although most tapentadol sold in Australia is subsidised, there is evidence of a shift towards private sales.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Tapentadol , Tapentadol/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Austrália/epidemiologia , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/economia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Med Sci Law ; 64(2): 113-120, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37350115

RESUMO

Tapentadol is a relatively new synthetic opioid analgesic prescribed for the management of moderate to severe pain. While tapentadol has been shown to be more effective than traditional opioid analgesics, it still carries the risk of addiction, abuse, and misuse. In Australia, tapentadol has become one of the top five most commonly prescribed opioid drugs, with prescriptions increasing by approximately 150,000 each year since it first became available. The rapid increase in tapentadol prescriptions has occurred in parallel to an increasing number of post-mortem tapentadol detections in South Australia (SA). While the number of deaths in SA related to tapentadol use was low in the current study, findings suggest that an increasing trend of deaths involving tapentadol will continue in parallel to a rapidly increasing number of prescriptions, mirroring trends associated with traditional opioids in SA. As a comparatively new opioid analgesic, monitoring future trends will be important to determine if additional prescribing education, intervention, or restrictions are required.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Humanos , Tapentadol , Incidência , Austrália/epidemiologia
8.
J Vet Pharmacol Ther ; 47(1): 14-20, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37350452

RESUMO

To evaluate pharmacokinetics of one dose of tapentadol hydrochloride orally administered to cats. Prospective experimental study. Five healthy adult mixed-breed cats. Each cat received 18.8 ± 1.0 mg/kg tapentadol orally. Venous blood samples were collected at time 0 (immediately prior to administration of tapentadol) 1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 min, and 2, 4, 8, 12 to 24 h after drug administration. Plasma tapentadol concentrations and its metabolites were determined using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Geometric mean Tmax of tapentadol, desmethyltapentadol, tapentadol-O-glucuronide, and tapentadol-O-sulfate was 2.3, 7.0, 6.0, and 4.6 h, respectively. Mean Cmax of tapentadol, desmethyltapentadol, tapentadol-O-glucuronide, and tapentadol-O-sulfate was 637, 66, 1134, and 15,757 ng/mL, respectively, after administration. Mean half-life of tapentadol, desmethyltapentadol, tapentadol-O-glucuronide, and tapentadol-O-sulfate was 2.4, 4.7, 2.9, and 10.8 h. The relative exposure of tapentadol and its metabolites were tapentadol 2.65%, desmethyltapentadol 0.54%, tapentadol-O-glucuronide 6.22%, and tapentadol-O-sulfate 90.6%. Tapentadol-O-sulfate was the predominant metabolite following the administration of oral tapentadol in cats. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the association of analgesia with plasma concentrations of tapentadol.


Assuntos
Glucuronídeos , Fenóis , Gatos , Animais , Tapentadol , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Sulfatos , Administração Oral
9.
Ann Palliat Med ; 13(1): 178-182, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37953213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) usually affects people over 50 years old. TN-related pains are short-lived, and the disease course is characterized by exacerbations and remissions. Sometimes chronic pain develops due to central sensitization. This is the first case report on the effectiveness of tapentadol in pain control in TN. CASE DESCRIPTION: It is an instructive case history demonstrating the high effectiveness of tapentadol in a 55-year-old Caucasian male with severe [Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) 9/10] TN-related pain and a history of ineffective treatment with antiepileptic drugs. The neuralgia had occurred twice a year for the three preceding years, and typically the TN periods lasted 2-3 weeks with complete remissions between. Previously the patient had been treated with antiepileptic drugs (e.g., carbamazepine, phenytoin, clonazepam, gabapentin, and lamotrigine). However, he found all treatments to be ineffective and accompanied by unacceptable somnolence. Thus, a prolonged-release oral tapentadol was proposed at the beginning of the next relapse. After application of tapentadol, the patient reported a significant improvement. The severity of pain declined to VAS 6/10 (2nd day) and 4/10 (3rd day), and the attacks resolved entirely on the fourth day of treatment. He reported no side effects. The drug was discontinued after 14 days. CONCLUSIONS: Despite pain chronification, tapentadol was efficient and well tolerated in TN. Further research is needed to reveal tapentadol's efficacy in neuralgias.


Assuntos
Neuralgia , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tapentadol/uso terapêutico , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/tratamento farmacológico , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Gabapentina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
J Pain ; 25(2): 466-475, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37741523

RESUMO

Oxycodone is a commonly prescribed opioid for postoperative pain. However, there has been a marked increase in the use of tapentadol over the previous decade due to a perceived superior safety profile of tapentadol compared to oxycodone. There is limited real-world evidence on the safety of tapentadol compared to oxycodone after surgery. The primary objective was to examine the impact of tapentadol compared to oxycodone use on the incidence of opioid-related adverse drug events after surgery. Data for adult surgical patients receiving tapentadol or oxycodone during hospitalization between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2021, were collected from electronic medical records of 3 tertiary metropolitan hospitals in Australia. The primary outcome was the incidence of opioid-related adverse events. Patients receiving tapentadol or oxycodone were matched using nearest-neighbour propensity score matching. In the matched cohorts (n = 1,530 vs n = 2,775; mean [standard deviation] age 62.3 [17.0] years vs 61.9 [standard deviation 17.9] years; 43% vs 45% male for the tapentadol vs oxycodone groups, respectively), patients given tapentadol experienced a similar incidence of adverse events overall (14.4%, 220/1,530 vs 12.6%, 349/2,775; P = .100; 95% CI -.35% to 3.95%). Secondary outcomes included an increased risk of delirium (2.7%, 41/1,530 vs 1.3%, 37/2,775), arrhythmias (3.4%, 52/1,530 vs 2.2%, 62/2,775), and length of hospital stay (5 [range 1-201] vs 4 [range 1-226] days) compared with oxycodone use. Further real-world studies are warranted to determine the impact of tapentadol use on a broad range of patient outcomes. PERSPECTIVE: This study provides an early signal that tapentadol use may be associated with an increased risk of some adverse events and a longer length of stay. Further research is needed to examine the impact of tapentadol use on a broad range of patient outcomes in clinical practice settings.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Oxicodona , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Tapentadol , Oxicodona/efeitos adversos , Pacientes Internados , Fenóis/efeitos adversos
11.
J Pain Symptom Manage ; 67(1): 39-49.e5, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37757956

RESUMO

CONTEXT: µ-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) A118G polymorphism (rs1799971) causes loss of N-glycosylation sites at the extracellular domain of µ-opioid receptors. G-allele carriers show a limited response to morphine; however, studies investigating the impact of A118G polymorphism on the efficacy of opioids other than morphine are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of A118G polymorphism on the efficacy of various opioids. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled 222 in-patients administered one of the following opioid therapies for cancer pain as part of an opioid introduction or rotation strategy: tapentadol extended-release tablets, methadone tablets, hydromorphone controlled-release tablets, oxycodone controlled-release tablets, or transdermal fentanyl patches. The impact of A118G polymorphism on the difference in the Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form score on days three, seven, and 14 from baseline was compared among the groups. RESULTS: Overall, 81, 74, and 67 patients had the AA, AG, and GG genotypes, respectively, with an OPRM1 A118G G-allele variant frequency of 0.47. The reduction in the Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form score after opioid therapy initiation did not differ significantly among the patients with the three A118G genotypes treated with tapentadol (p = 0.84) or methadone (p = 0.97), whereas it was significantly smaller in G-allele carriers than that in AA homozygous patients treated with hydromorphone (p < 0.001), oxycodone (p = 0.031), or fentanyl (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Tapentadol and methadone may be more suitable than hydromorphone, oxycodone, and fentanyl for G-allele carriers due to their dual mechanism of action and low susceptibility to OPRM1 A118G polymorphism.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Dor do Câncer , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Fentanila/uso terapêutico , Hidromorfona/uso terapêutico , Metadona/uso terapêutico , Oxicodona/uso terapêutico , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores Opioides mu/genética , Receptores Opioides mu/uso terapêutico , Tapentadol/uso terapêutico
13.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(12)2023 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38114296

RESUMO

Tapentadol is a synthetic opioid analgesic with a low risk of abuse and diversion. The rising trend of abuse of tapentadol is largely attributable to its intrinsic pharmacological profile and easy availability due to poor regulatory control. We report a case of intravenous injection of crushed tapentadol tablets that presented with cutaneous adverse drug reactions. Cutaneous adverse reactions are common in injection drug abuse, and clinical examination is a must to inspect the injection sites. Stringent regulatory measures are required to restrict the increasing abuse of tapentadol in India.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Tapentadol , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Injeções Intravenosas , Comprimidos , Tapentadol/administração & dosagem , Tapentadol/efeitos adversos
14.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; 248(21): 1944-1951, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38158803

RESUMO

The opioid epidemic has become a serious national crisis in the United States. An indepth systematic analysis of opioid-related adverse events (AEs) can clarify the risks presented by opioid exposure, as well as the individual risk profiles of specific opioid drugs and the potential relationships among the opioids. In this study, 92 opioids were identified from the list of all Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs, annotated by RxNorm and were classified into 13 opioid groups: buprenorphine, codeine, dihydrocodeine, fentanyl, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, meperidine, methadone, morphine, oxycodone, oxymorphone, tapentadol, and tramadol. A total of 14,970,399 AE reports were retrieved and downloaded from the FDA Adverse Events Reporting System (FAERS) from 2004, Quarter 1 to 2020, Quarter 3. After data processing, Empirical Bayes Geometric Mean (EBGM) was then applied which identified 3317 pairs of potential risk signals within the 13 opioid groups. Based on these potential safety signals, a comparative analysis was pursued to provide a global overview of opioid-related AEs for all 13 groups of FDA-approved prescription opioids. The top 10 most reported AEs for each opioid class were then presented. Both network analysis and hierarchical clustering analysis were conducted to further explore the relationship between opioids. Results from the network analysis revealed a close association among fentanyl, oxycodone, hydrocodone, and hydromorphone, which shared more than 22 AEs. In addition, much less commonly reported AEs were shared among dihydrocodeine, meperidine, oxymorphone, and tapentadol. On the contrary, the hierarchical clustering analysis further categorized the 13 opioid classes into two groups by comparing the full profiles of presence/absence of AEs. The results of network analysis and hierarchical clustering analysis were not only consistent and cross-validated each other but also provided a better and deeper understanding of the associations and relationships between the 13 opioid groups with respect to their adverse effect profiles.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Oxicodona , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Teorema de Bayes , Mineração de Dados , Fentanila , Hidrocodona , Hidromorfona , Meperidina , Oximorfona , Tapentadol , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
J Opioid Manag ; 19(5): 445-453, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37968978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tapentadol is an atypical opioid analgesic thought to have dual mechanisms of action: µ-receptor agonism and inhibition of norepinephrine reuptake. Unlike other atypical opioids, tapentadol is a schedule II-controlled substance. We compared the prevalence of abuse (use to get high) of tapentadol to other atypical opioids used to treat pain (buprenor-phine and tramadol). DESIGN: An observational, serial cross-sectional study. SETTING: Individuals enrolling in treatment programs for opioid use disorder in 2019. Each completed a self-administered, paper questionnaire assessing prescription drug abuse and illegal drug use within 1 week of enrollment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Indication of past month abuse of tapentadol or comparator drugs on a self-administered ques-tionnaire. RESULTS: There were 6,987 respondents. Unadjusted and utilization-adjusted logistic regression models were used to compare odds of endorsement of tapentadol to tramadol and buprenorphine products indicated for the management of pain. Unadjusted abuse prevalence was 0.20 percent for total tapentadol (0.03 percent for NUCYNTA® and 0.06 percent for NUCYNTA ER). Relative to total tapentadol, the odds of abuse of buprenorphine for pain was 2.9 times greater (95 percent CI: 1.6 to 5.3, p < 0.001), and for tramadol, 43.1 times greater (95 percent CI: 25.3 to 73.3, p < 0.001). Adjusting for prescriptions dispensed, differences in odds of abuse were not statistically significant (odds ratio (OR) = 1.6, 95 per-cent CI: 0.9 to 3.0, p = 0.108 for buprenorphine for pain and OR = 0.7, 95 percent CI: 0.4 to 1.2, p = 0.209 for tramadol). CONCLUSIONS: Tapentadol use to get high is less frequent than other atypical opioids. Findings suggest tapentadol is rarely the primary drug abused by an individual.


Assuntos
Buprenorfina , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Tramadol , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Tapentadol , Tramadol/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Fenóis/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Buprenorfina/uso terapêutico
16.
BMC Surg ; 23(1): 335, 2023 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37924061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiemetic and analgesic oral premedications are frequently prescribed preoperatively to enhance recovery after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. However, it is unknown whether these medications transit beyond the stomach or if they remain in the sleeve resection specimen, thereby negating their pharmacological effects. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and receiving oral premedication (slow-release tapentadol and netupitant/palonosetron) as part of enhanced recovery after bariatric surgery program. Patients were stratified into the Transit group (premedication absent in the resection specimen) and Failure-to-Transit group (premedication present in the resection specimen). Age, sex, body mass index, and presence of diabetes were compared amongst the groups. The premedication lead time (time between premedications' administration and gastric specimen resection), and the premedication presence or absence in the specimen was evaluated. RESULTS: One hundred consecutive patients were included in the analysis. Ninety-nine patients (99%) were morbidly obese, and 17 patients (17%) had Type 2 diabetes mellitus. One hundred patients (100%) received tapentadol and 89 patients (89%) received netupitant/palonosetron. One or more tablets were discovered in the resected specimens of 38 patients (38%). No statistically significant differences were observed between the groups regarding age, sex, diabetes, or body mass index. The median (Q1‒Q3) premedication lead time was 80 min (57.8‒140.0) in the Failure-to-Transit group and 119.5 min (85.0‒171.3) in the Transit group; P = 0.006. The lead time required to expect complete absorption in 80% of patients was 232 min (95%CI:180‒310). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative oral analgesia and antiemetics did not transit beyond the stomach in 38% of patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. When given orally in combination, tapentadol and netupitant/palonosetron should be administered at least 4 h before surgery to ensure transition beyond the stomach. Future enhanced recovery after bariatric surgery guidelines may benefit from the standardization of premedication lead times to facilitate increased absorption. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry; number ACTRN12623000187640; retrospective registered on 22/02/2023.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Austrália , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/cirurgia , Gastrectomia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Palonossetrom , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estômago , Tapentadol , Resultado do Tratamento , Masculino , Feminino
17.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 59(10)2023 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37893518

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: This study aimed to examine the efficacy of tapentadol immediate release (IR) and morphine hydrochloride in the treatment of acute postoperative pain after total abdominal hysterectomy, as well as to examine the frequency of opioid-related side effects in observed patients. Materials and Methods: The prospective observational study was conducted over five months, and it included a total number of 100 patients. The two cohorts had different types of postoperative analgesia, and the effects were observed for 24 h postoperatively, by following the pain scores on NRS (Numerical Pain Scale), contentment with analgesia, and opioid-related side effects. Results: Statistical significance was found when assessing pain 24 h after surgery while coughing, where patients in the tapentadol IR group had significantly higher mean pain scores (p < 0.01). The subjective feeling of satisfaction with postoperative analgesia was statistically significant in the tapentadol IR group (p = 0.005). Vertigo appeared significantly more in patients from the morphine group (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Tapentadol IR (immediate release) and morphine hydrochloride are both effective analgesics used in the first 24 h after total transabdominal hysterectomy. Overall satisfaction of patients with analgesia was good. The frequency of side effects was higher in the morphine group, with statistical significance regarding the vertigo.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Analgésicos Opioides , Feminino , Humanos , Tapentadol/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fenóis/uso terapêutico , Fenóis/efeitos adversos , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Vertigem/induzido quimicamente , Vertigem/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Pain Manag ; 13(5): 299-307, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37291959

RESUMO

Opioid-related harm remains a serious public health issue in Australia, where there is a strong focus on judicious use of opioids to optimize postoperative patient outcomes. The risks associated with preoperative opioid use (worsened postoperative pain, surgical outcomes, increased length of stay and financial costs) must be balanced with the risks of sub-optimal post-surgical pain management (development of chronic pain, persistent postsurgical opioid use and opioid dependence). In addition to significantly lower rates of gastrointestinal adverse effects (nausea, vomiting, constipation), tapendatol (vs oxycodone) is less likely to cause excessive sedation and opioid-induced ventilatory impairment, may be associated with less withdrawal symptoms of mild to moderate intensity and significantly lower odds of 3-month persistent postoperative opioid use in certain patient populations. Studies included in this review were phase III/meta-analyses, referenced in Australian clinical guidelines and/or published ≤5 years), except for cost-effectiveness analyses, where all known, relevant published analyses were included.


Patient harms from medicines related to morphine, which is part of a group of pain-relieving drugs called opioids, is a serious public health issue in Australia, as such, there is a strong focus on the cautious use of these medicines. Using opioids before surgery is associated with risks such as worse pain after surgery and longer hospital stays, however, when pain after surgery is not managed sufficiently, this can result in long-term pain and therefore the need to use these medicines for longer than recommended. Tapentadol is an opioid that has less stomach/gut side effects, causes less sleepiness, is less likely to cause serious breathing impairment, may have less symptoms when stopping the medication and less chance of long-term (more than 3 months) use compared with a more commonly used opioid (oxycodone).


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Tapentadol , Fenóis , Austrália , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico
19.
Pain Pract ; 23(7): 851-854, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37243450

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic neuropathic dental pain has a poor prognosis with a low chance of significant spontaneous improvement. Local or oral therapies may be efficient, however short in terms of duration with potential side effects. Cryoneurolysis has been described to prevent acute postoperative pain or to treat some chronic pain conditions; however, application to dental orofacial pain has not been reported so far. CASE SERIES: Following a positive diagnostic block on the corresponding alveolar nerve, neuroablation was performed using a cryoprobe on three patients suffering from persistent pain after a dental extraction and 1 after multiple tooth surgeries. The effect of treatment was assessed using a Pain Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) and determined by changes in medication dosage and quality of life at day 7 and 3 months. Two patients experienced more than 50% of pain relief at 3 months, 2 by 50%. One patient was able to wean off pregabalin medication, one decreased amitriptyline by 50%, and one decreased tapentadol by 50%. No direct complications were reported. All of them mentioned improvement in sleep and quality of life. CONCLUSION: Cryoneurolysis on alveolar nerves is a safe and easy-to-use technique allowing prolonged neuropathic pain relief after dental surgery.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Neuralgia , Humanos , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Crônica/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Pregabalina/uso terapêutico , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Tapentadol/uso terapêutico , Neuralgia/etiologia , Neuralgia/cirurgia
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 102(16): e33471, 2023 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37083790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether objectively recorded physical activity in the first week after surgery in total knee arthroplasty patients differed between patients allocated to 3 different analgesic regimens. METHODS: A total of 132 total knee arthroplasty patients wore activity monitors 24 hours a day from day 1 after surgery for 6 consecutive days. The time mobilized (stepping/standing) and the number of steps were recorded. This study was a sub-study of a randomized controlled study comparing tapentadol extended-release (ER), oxycodone controlled-release (CR), or a non-opioid placebo analgesic regimen. RESULTS: The placebo group spent significantly more time mobilized than the tapentadol ER and the oxycodone CR groups (P = .016 and .042, respectively), but no statistically significant differences were found between the groups in the number of steps taken. The activity levels of patients in all groups increased in the first week after surgery. CONCLUSION: Patients in the non-opioid placebo group spent more time mobilized the first week after surgery than those in the tapentadol ER and the oxycodone CR groups, while the number of steps was not different between the groups.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Narcóticos , Artroplastia do Joelho , Humanos , Tapentadol , Oxicodona/uso terapêutico , Fenóis , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Método Duplo-Cego , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos não Narcóticos/uso terapêutico , Exercício Físico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico
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