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1.
J Nurs Educ ; 63(4): 218-227, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Education providers teach numeracy to undergraduate nursing students using a diverse range of approaches. Proficiency in numeracy skills is critical for patient safety; however, alarmingly, the accuracy rate of calculations by both undergraduate nurses and RNs is reported to be low. METHOD: The literature search yielded 1,180 articles published between 1994 and 2022. The assessment of the studies was reported using the PRIMSA extension for Scoping Reviews. RESULTS: Thirty-nine articles were included in the review. A diverse range of approaches were used to teach numeracy including learning theory, methods of calculation, learning environment, and examination aids. CONCLUSION: This review highlights the plethora of approaches for teaching numeracy within undergraduate nursing education. Internationally, there were limited studies on the most effective teaching approaches; therefore, developing a robust evidence-based numeracy framework would be beneficial to guide non-nursing instructors in teaching undergraduate nurses. [J Nurs Educ. 2024;63(4):218-227.].


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos , Aprendizagem , Ensino
2.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 366, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an important medical personnel training system in China, standardized residency training plays an important role in enriching residents' clinical experience, improving their ability to communicate with patients and their clinical expertise. The difficulty of teaching neurology lies in the fact that there are many types of diseases, complicated conditions, and strong specialisation, which puts higher requirements on residents' independent learning ability, the cultivation of critical thinking, and the learning effect. Based on the concept of ADDIE (Analysis-Design-Development-Implementation-Evaluation), this study combines the theory and clinical practice of flipped classroom teaching method to evaluate the teaching effect, so as to provide a basis and reference for the implementation of flipped classroom in the future of neurology residency training teaching. METHODS: The participants of the study were 90 neurology residents in standardised training in our hospital in the classes of 2019 and 2020. A total of 90 residents were divided into a control group and an observation group of 45 cases each using the random number table method. The control group used traditional teaching methods, including problem based learning (PBL), case-based learning (CBL), and lecture-based learning (LBL). The observation group adopted the flipped classroom teaching method based on the ADDIE teaching concept. A unified assessment of the learning outcomes of the residents was conducted before they left the department in the fourth week, including the assessment of theoretical and skill knowledge, the assessment of independent learning ability, the assessment of critical thinking ability, and the assessment of clinical practice ability. Finally, the overall quality of teaching was assessed. RESULTS: The theoretical and clinical skills assessment scores achieved by the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group, and the results were statistically significant (P < 0.001). The scores of independent learning ability and critical thinking ability of the observation group were better than those of the control group, showing statistically significant differences (P < 0.001). The observation group was better than the control group in all indicators in terms of Mini-Cex score (P < 0.05). In addition, the observation group had better teaching quality compared to the control group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Based on the concept of ADDIE combined with flipped classroom teaching method can effectively improve the teaching effect of standardized training of neurology residents, and had a positive effect on the improvement of residents' autonomous learning ability, critical thinking ability, theoretical knowledge and clinical comprehensive ability.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Aprendizagem , Pensamento , Ensino
3.
Med Educ Online ; 29(1): 2336332, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL) is a field of academic research that focuses on improving learning through reflective and informed teaching. Currently, most SoTL-related work is faculty-driven; however, student involvement in SoTL has been shown to benefit both learners and educators. Our study aims to develop a framework for increasing medical students' interest, confidence, and engagement in SoTL. METHODS: A student-led SoTL interest group was developed and a year-round program of SoTL was designed and delivered by student leaders of the group under the guidance of a faculty advisor. Individual post-session surveys were administered to evaluate participants' perceptions of each session. Pre- and post-program surveys were administered to evaluate the program impact. RESULTS: The year-round SoTL program consistently attracted the participation of medical students and faculty. Survey responses indicated strong medical student interest in the program and positive impact of the program. Increased interest and confidence in medical education research were reported by the student participants. The program design provided opportunities for student participants to network and receive ongoing feedback about medical education research they were interested or involved in. CONCLUSION: Our study provides insights for developing a framework that other institutions can reference and build upon to educate and engage students in SoTL.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Bolsas de Estudo , Aprendizagem , Docentes , Retroalimentação , Ensino , Currículo
4.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 34(4): 502-503, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576301

RESUMO

Null.


Assuntos
Currículo , Aprendizagem , Humanos , Ensino
5.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 388, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flexible hybrid teaching has become the new normal of basic medical education in the postepidemic era. Identifying ways to improve the quality of curriculum teaching and achieve high-level talent training is a complex problem that urgently needs to be solved. Over the course of the past several semesters, the research team has integrated design thinking (DT) into undergraduate teaching to identify, redesign and solve complex problems in achieving curriculum teaching and professional talent training objectives. METHODS: This study is an observational research. A total of 156 undergraduate stomatology students from Jining Medical University in 2021 were selected to participate in two rounds of online flipped teaching using the design thinking EDIPT (empathy, definition, idea, prototype, and test) method. This approach was applied specifically to the chapters on the respiratory system and female reproductive system. Data collection included student questionnaires, teacher-student interviews, and exam scores. GraphPad Prism software was used for data analysis, and the statistical method was conducted by multiple or unpaired t test. RESULTS: According to the questionnaire results, the flipped classroom teaching design developed using design thinking methods received strong support from the majority of students, with nearly 80% of students providing feedback that they developed multiple abilities during the study process. The interview results indicated that teachers generally believed that using design thinking methods to understand students' real needs, define teaching problems, and devise instructional design solutions, along with testing and promptly adjusting the effectiveness through teaching practices, played a highly positive role in improving teaching and student learning outcomes. A comparison of exam scores showed a significant improvement in the exam scores of the class of 2021 stomatology students in the flipped teaching chapters compared to the class of 2020 stomatology students, and this difference was statistically significant. However, due to the limitation of the experimental chapter scope, there was no significant difference in the overall course grades. CONCLUSION: The study explores the application of design thinking in histology and embryology teaching, revealing its positive impact on innovative teaching strategies and students' learning experience in medical education. Online flipped teaching, developed through design thinking, proves to be an effective and flexible method that enhances student engagement and fosters autonomous learning abilities.


Assuntos
Currículo , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Humanos , Feminino , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino
6.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 391, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physicians engage in educational activities in daily practice and take over an important role in providing information and transferring knowledge to patients and medical students. Therefore, it is important to focus on methods to develop teaching skills during medical school. Peer-teaching is a teaching method that is connected to different positive learning outcomes. This study aims to investigate the perspective of medical students regarding teaching as a core competency of physicians and peer-teaching as an opportunity to acquire educational skills. The study also aims to examine to what extent medical students are prepared for their teaching role at medical schools. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed by an online survey amongst Dutch medical students from all medical schools across all years of study. In total, 2666 medical students filled out the survey. The survey was part of the annual online survey of the Dutch medical advocacy group (DeGeneeskundestudent) amongst all medical students in the fall of 2017. The data were analysed with descriptive statistics and statistical tests (chi-squared-test and binomial test). RESULTS: The results show that 49% of medical students see teaching as one of the core tasks of a physician. However, only 25% feel well prepared by their medical school for this teaching role. Instead, there are many students who gain experiences and teaching skills on their own outside medical schools. 64% of the respondents agrees that senior medical students can educate junior medical students well. CONCLUSIONS: Implementing peer-teaching in the curricular of medical schools could be an effective teaching method to prepare medical students for their future teaching role. It is important that medical schools focus on enhancing educational quality and designing learning environments for best learning outcomes to better prepare medical students for professional life.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Médicos , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Aprendizagem , Currículo , Ensino
7.
Radiología (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 66(2): 189-195, Mar.- Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231520

RESUMO

La radiología es una disciplina médica, un área de conocimiento transversal integrada en cualquier situación clínica. El aprendizaje óptimo del conocimiento, habilidades y aptitudes en radiología en el Grado en Medicina requiere la integración de cualquier modalidad de imagen en las distintas áreas del conocimiento: desde las asignaturas básicas hasta cualquier asignatura clínica del grado. El presente artículo describe la integración de la docencia en radiología del plan de estudios en todo el grado de medicina de la Universidad de Girona (UdG), describiendo las distintas actividades docentes de radiología que se imparten en las distintas asignaturas; desde primero a sexto curso. Se detallan las actividades específicas de la asignatura de «radiología», incluyendo talleres, seminarios, prácticas, juego de ordenador interactivo, y describiendo las características de la actividad metodológica docente principal de la UdG, el aprendizaje basado en problemas.(AU)


Radiology is a medical discipline, an area of transversal knowledge integrated into any clinical situation. The optimal training of learning knowledge, skills and aptitudes in Radiology in the Degree in Medicine requires the integration of any imaging modality in the different areas of knowledge; from the basic subjects to any clinical subject of the Degree. This article describes the integration of Radiology teaching into the curriculum throughout the Medicine Degree at the University of Girona (UdG), describing the different radiology teaching activities that are taught. The specific activities of the subject «Radiology» are detailed; through workshops, seminars, practices, interactive computer game; and describing the characteristics of the main teaching methodological activity of the UdG, Problem-Based Learning.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Radiologia/educação , Ensino , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Educação Médica , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos
8.
An. psicol ; 40(1): 54-68, Ene-Abri, 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229027

RESUMO

En la actualidad ha aumentado el desarrollo de programas de entrenamiento en habilidades socioemocionales en la infancia, debido a que se los considera como una herramienta válida para la adaptación y afrontamiento de una gran variedad de situaciones, tanto académicas como personales. Sin embargo, son escasos los estudios que aporten una visión integral de las evidencias disponibles en el contexto de educación primaria. Se presenta una revisión sistemática de tipo paraguas basada en el método PRISMA, que incluye revisiones sobre programas de desarrollo socioemocional aplicados en educación primaria, con el objetivo de sintetizar sus características y recopilar los principales resultados reportados. Se utilizaron las bases de datos: ERIC, WOS, PSYCINFO, SCOPUS y COCHRANE. Tras un proceso por pares ciegos se seleccionaron y analizaron 15 revisiones. Utilizando las herramientas AMSTAR-2 y SANRA se encontró que el 60% de los estudios secundarios presenta una calidad críticamente baja o baja. Se identificaron 39 programas reportados en revisiones de buena calidad, un 51.2% presentaron evidencias moderadas o fuertes e informaron efectos significativos principalmente en ajuste del comportamiento, competencia social y emocional y habilidades académicas. Se discute el impacto de la calidad metodológica encontrada y las evidencias reportados en la interpretación y generalización de los hallazgos.(AU)


Currently, the development of training programs in socioemo-tional skills in childhood has increased because they are considered as a valid tool for adaptation and coping with a variety of situations, both aca-demic and personal. However, there are few studies that show a compre-hensive view of available evidences. This research presents an umbrella re-view based on PRISMA method guidelines. It includes reviews on socio-emotional development programs applied in Primary Education with the aim of synthesizing their characteristics and compiling the main results on their effectiveness. The following databases were used: ERIC, WOS, PSYCINFO, SCOPUS and COCHRANE. After a blind peer process, 15 reviews that met the inclusion criteria were selected and analysed. Using the AMSTAR-2 and SANRA tools, it was found that 60% of secondary studies have critically low or low quality. Thirty nine programs reported in good quality reviews were identified, 51.2% presented moderate or strong evidence and reported significant effectsmainly on behavioral adjustment, social and emotional competencies and academic skills. The impact of the methodological quality found and the evidences on the interpretation and generalization of the findings is discussed.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Estudantes/psicologia , Habilidades Sociais , Ensino , Aprendizagem , Psicologia Educacional
9.
Nature ; 627(8004): 572-578, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448580

RESUMO

Culture refers to behaviours that are socially learned and persist within a population over time. Increasing evidence suggests that animal culture can, like human culture, be cumulative: characterized by sequential innovations that build on previous ones1. However, human cumulative culture involves behaviours so complex that they lie beyond the capacity of any individual to independently discover during their lifetime1-3. To our knowledge, no study has so far demonstrated this phenomenon in an invertebrate. Here we show that bumblebees can learn from trained demonstrator bees to open a novel two-step puzzle box to obtain food rewards, even though they fail to do so independently. Experimenters were unable to train demonstrator bees to perform the unrewarded first step without providing a temporary reward linked to this action, which was removed during later stages of training. However, a third of naive observer bees learned to open the two-step box from these demonstrators, without ever being rewarded after the first step. This suggests that social learning might permit the acquisition of behaviours too complex to 're-innovate' through individual learning. Furthermore, naive bees failed to open the box despite extended exposure for up to 24 days. This finding challenges a common opinion in the field: that the capacity to socially learn behaviours that cannot be innovated through individual trial and error is unique to humans.


Assuntos
Abelhas , Comportamento Animal , Alimentos , Conhecimento , Aprendizagem , Recompensa , Comportamento Social , Animais , Humanos , Abelhas/fisiologia , Cultura , Ensino
10.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 20(3): e1011936, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547084

RESUMO

Throughout their education and when reading the scientific literature, students may get the impression that there is a unique and correct analysis strategy for every data analysis task and that this analysis strategy will always yield a significant and noteworthy result. This expectation conflicts with a growing realization that there is a multiplicity of possible analysis strategies in empirical research, which will lead to overoptimism and nonreplicable research findings if it is combined with result-dependent selective reporting. Here, we argue that students are often ill-equipped for real-world data analysis tasks and unprepared for the dangers of selectively reporting the most promising results. We present a seminar course intended for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students of data analysis fields such as statistics, data science, or bioinformatics that aims to increase the awareness of uncertain choices in the analysis of empirical data and present ways to deal with these choices through theoretical modules and practical hands-on sessions.


Assuntos
Estudantes , Ensino , Humanos , Currículo
11.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 350, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553682

RESUMO

AIM: The transition from medical students to competent physicians requires comprehensive training during residency programs. In China, resident students typically undergo 2- or 3-year training programs. While they learn from patient interactions under the guidance of experienced doctors, integrating theoretical knowledge from textbooks into practical cases remains a challenge. This study aimed to explore the impact of medical interns acting as peer-students on the knowledge mastery of resident students. METHOD: The participants of this study consisted of resident students specializing in respiratory medicine at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine. Resident students were given the opportunity to volunteer as peer-teachers for medical interns in the respiratory department. Those who chose to instruct interns were automatically placed into the test group, while those who opted not to partake in intern instruction formed the control group. In their role as peer-teachers, resident students assumed the responsibility of guiding interns in patient management throughout the entire continuum, spanning from initial engagement to discharge, a commitment that extended over a minimum period of 2 weeks. The resident students' academic performance was evaluated through a departmental examination consisting of 50 multiple-choice questions, which was administered upon completing their rotation. Statistical analysis was performed to assess the impact of peer-teaching on the resident students' performance. RESULTS: Between January 2023 and June 2023, a total of 158 resident students completed their rotation in the respiratory department. Among them, 40 resident students willingly took on the responsibility of instructing medical interns, while 118 resident students did not participate in intern teaching. With a "one-to-one" teaching policy in place, the overall satisfaction rate of the interns was an impressive 95.35%. Pre-rotation test scores for the test group averaged 81.66 ± 8.325 (Mean ± SD) and the control group averaged 81.66 ± 8.002, without significance. The departmental examination scores of the test group averaged 85.60 ± 7.886, while the control group scored an average of 82.25 ± 8.292, with a statistically significant difference (p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our study underscores the positive influence of peer-teaching on the knowledge mastery of resident students.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Educação , Internato e Residência , Pneumologia , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Currículo , Ensino
12.
Nurs Sci Q ; 37(2): 111-115, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491875

RESUMO

While much has been written about diversity and worldviews, too often an openness and respect for diversity of perspectives in teaching-learning seem veiled in calls for sameness in thinking about the world, education, and events. In this column, the author explores the issue of diversity of faculty perspectives in the teaching-learning of nursing. Thoughts are shared from the humanbecoming teaching-learning model, exploring the notion of synergistic patterning in creating a rich tapestry of teaching-learning of nursing.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Docentes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Redação , Ensino
13.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 46(3): 391-398, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436731

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the current practices in anatomy teaching at French universities in 2023. METHODS: On January 10, 2023, a questionnaire was sent to all members of the official list of the French Medical College of Professors of Anatomy. Each Anatomy centre was asked to complete this online form only once. The questionnaire covered several key themes, including broad questions, dissections practices, "virtual" dissections, teaching methods and teaching staff. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 26/28 anatomy centres. Access to body donor dissection is reported to be mandatory in 15 of the 26 centers (58%), optional in 10 centers (38%), and "tolerated" in one center (4%). Fifteen of 26 centers (58%) reported having a virtual dissection table for teaching anatomy. Concerning the teaching of anatomy via live ultrasound, 10 out of 26 centers (38%) reported providing it. Regarding the teaching methods used for medical students, chalk and board lectures are the most common method, although the intensity of use varies. Most lectures are given with chalk and board in 42% (11/26) of the centers. In about 73% (19/26) of the centers, tablet lectures are used. Regarding anatomy teachers, it was reported that in 24/26 anatomy centres (92%), more than 50% of the courses for medical students are taught by professors holding the chair of anatomy (21/26 professors (81%), 3/26 associate professors (12%)). CONCLUSION: The present study endeavors to contribute to the existing body of knowledge on anatomy education by offering insights into the current practices in French universities.


Assuntos
Anatomia , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Dissecação/educação , Currículo , França , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carbonato de Cálcio , Anatomia/educação , Ensino
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 303, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504241

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Operation theater learning involves three key elements: clinical work, learning, and the environment. There is little evidence regarding the operating theatre learning environment for anesthesia trainees. Identifying the overall perception of the operation theater learning environment helps to establish an efficient operation theater learning environment and produce competent anesthesia professionals. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the perceptions of the operating theater learning environment and associated factors among undergraduate anesthesia students in Ethiopian higher education teaching hospitals from April to May 2023. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted on 313 undergraduate anesthesia students who began operation room clinical practice at 13 higher education teaching hospitals. The data were entered into EpiData version 4.6. A generalized ordered logistic regression model was used to analyze and identify factors associated with the operating theater learning environment using STATA software version MP17. RESULTS: The findings of this study revealed that 45.05%,26.52%), 23% and 5.43% of the participants reported having desirable, moderately desirable, very desirable and undesirable perceptions of the operating theater learning environment, respectively, from highest to lowest. Preoperative discussion (AOR = 4.98 CI = 1.3-18.8), lack of teaching facilities (AOR = 0.16 CI = 0.03-0.75), noise from played music (AOR = 0.22 CI = 0.07-0.63), absence of tutors (AOR = 0.03 CI = 0.01-0.22), respect for students (AOR = 3.44 CI = 1.6-7.2), roll modeling for students (AOR = 3.23 CI = 1.5-6.8) and strict supervision of students (AOR = 0.24 CI = 0.07-0.88) were significantly associated with perceptions of the operation theater learning environment, with 95% CIs. CONCLUSION: No study participant agreed that the operation theater learning environment in operation theatres was very undesirable. A lack of teaching facilities at the OR, a lack of tutors from the OR, noise from played music in the OR, a tutor respecting their student, a tutor role model for their student, a preoperative discussion with a tutor and strict supervision of the student are strongly associated with the operation theatre learning environment.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Aprendizagem , Percepção , Ensino
15.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 330, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519900

RESUMO

Academic social contexts and educational beliefs may influence teaching practices and teaching intentions. Insight into such beliefs represents an important source of information for medical schools to improve the quality of teaching and to guide content of faculty development programs. The aim of this study was to explore beliefs about teaching among prospective clinical teachers at a newly established medical school in Southern Switzerland and to estimate the relationship between these beliefs and intention to commit to teaching in the newly established medical curriculum using Fishbein's integrative model of behaviour prediction. We targeted a purposive sample of physicians working in hospital departments potentially involved in the clinical immersion of medical students enrolled in the program. We designed a cross-sectional quantitative study using an online questionnaire. The questionnaire included both items developed by the authors and items belonging to a previously validated questionnaire. Participants showed a high intention to commit to teaching in the newly established curriculum. We found that self-efficacy beliefs and two sets of behavioural beliefs, namely perceived importance and expectations, had a positive correlation with the intention to commit. On the other hand, we pointed out a number of normative beliefs that in the long run could hinder the maintenance of this commitment, which should be addressed both at the levels of both faculty development and institutional policy rules. Our study also highlights the importance of reinforcing teachers' perceived self-efficacy in providing clinical supervision, strengthening their perceived importance of the clinical supervision, and incentivising the commitment of teachers by ensuring they have protected time to devote to this activity.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Educação , Faculdades de Medicina , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos , Suíça , Ensino
16.
Surg Clin North Am ; 104(2): 451-471, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453313

RESUMO

Teaching during a surgical resuscitation can be difficult due to the infrequency of these events. Furthermore, when these events do occur, the trainee can experience cognitive overload and an overwhelming amount of stress, thereby impairing the learning process. The emergent nature of these scenarios can make it difficult for the surgical educator to adequately teach. Repeated exposure through simulation, role play, and "war games" are great adjuncts to teaching and preparation before crisis. However, surgical educators can further enhance the knowledge of their trainees during these scenarios by using tactics such as talking out loud, targeted teaching, and debriefing.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Ensino , Humanos , Ressuscitação/educação
17.
JAMA ; 331(14): 1175-1176, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488814

RESUMO

In this narrative medicine essay, a medical student uses the analogy of a mature tree to describe the difference in knowledge of his medical school teachers compared with sapling first-year medical students.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Educação Médica , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Ensino , Humanos , Estudantes/psicologia , Música , Educação Médica/métodos
18.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 48(2): 311-319, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452330

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus and obesity are major public health issues that significantly impact the health care system. The next generation of health care providers will need a deep understanding of the pathophysiology of these diseases if we are to prevent, treat, and eventually cure these diseases and ease the burden on patients and the health care system. Physiology core concepts are a set of core principles, or "big ideas," identified by physiology educators that are thought to promote long-term retention, create a deeper understanding, and help with formation of critical thinking skills. Here we describe our scaffolded teaching approach in an upper year undergraduate pathophysiology course to educate students about these two diseases and discuss how learning about the basis of these highly integrative diseases from the biochemical to whole body level is a meaningful tool in the physiology educator toolbox to reinforce physiology core concepts. This teaching strategy is designed to engage students in the scientific process and hone their problem-solving skills such that they are hopefully equipped to treat and eventually cure these diseases as they move forward in their careers.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Students often struggle with integration of physiological systems. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity are two related diseases that are useful to explore the interdependence of physiological systems and multiple physiology core concepts. Deep learning about these diseases has the potential to dramatically improve the health care system of the future.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Fisiologia , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Estudantes , Pensamento , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Obesidade , Fisiologia/educação , Ensino
20.
Korean J Med Educ ; 36(1): 51-63, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462242

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the teaching competencies of medical residents. METHODS: A modified Delphi study was conducted from January to March 2017. Twenty-four panelists (six medical educators, program directors, chief residents, and residents each) from various facilities in Japan participated in the study. The consensus criterion for this study was that more than 80% of the panelists gave a rating of 6 or higher on the 7-point Likert scale ("not at all important" to "extremely important") without any comments. The modified Delphi approach resulted in a list of 27 resident teaching competencies after three rounds. These competencies were categorized based on Harden and Crosby's 12 roles of medical teachers. RESULTS: Our study revealed that, of the 12 roles, residents were primarily viewed as "clinical or practical teachers," "teaching role models," "on-the-job role models," "learning facilitators," and "student assessors." CONCLUSION: The 27 resident teaching competencies indicate the importance of educational proximity for residents as teachers. It is expected that this finding will contribute to competency-based resident-as-teacher education.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Humanos , Técnica Delfos , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Japão , Ensino
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