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1.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(1 (Supple-2)): S25-S28, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385467

RESUMO

Objectives: To explore the relationship, if any, of gestational diabetes mellitus with maternal age, body mass index, serum tenascin-C and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance, and to see if these could act as predictive markers for gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The case-control study was conducted from February to August 2022 at the outpatient department of gynaecology and obstetrics at the Civil Hospital, Karachi, and comprised pregnant females aged 18-40 years having gestational age 20-34 weeks. After noting down baseline characteristics and anthropometric measurements, the participants were subjected to oral glucose tolerance test on the basis of which they were divided into three groups; pregnant healthy controls in group 1, those with gestational diabetes mellitus on diet control in group 2, and those with gestational diabetes mellitus taking medicines for the condition in group 3. Fasting serum samples were used for further analysis using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Data was analysed using SPSS 21. RESULTS: Of the 90 subjects, 30(33.3%) were in group 1 with mean age 26.0±4.9 years, 30(33.3%) were in group 2 with mean age 30.7±5.6 years, and 30(33.3%) were in group 3 with mean age 29.1±5.5 years. Age, gestational age, body mass index and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance values were significantly higher in groups 2 and 3 compared to group 1 (p<0.05), while serum Tenascin-C values were not significantly different (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HOMA-IR values and BMI were more reliable in diagnosing GDM before its onset, and should be included in the screening test for GDM in early pregnancy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Resistência à Insulina , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Diabetes Gestacional/diagnóstico , Idade Materna , Tenascina , Índice de Massa Corporal , Insulina , Glicemia/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339104

RESUMO

One of the extracellular matrix proteins, tenascin-C (TN-C), is known to be upregulated in age-related inflammatory diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Expression of this molecule is frequently detected, especially in the macrophage-rich areas of atherosclerotic lesions; however, the role of TN-C in mechanisms underlying the progression of atherosclerosis remains obscure. Previously, we found a hidden bioactive sequence termed TNIIIA2 in the TN-C molecule and reported that the exposure of this sequence would be carried out through limited digestion of TN-C by inflammatory proteases. Thus, we hypothesized that some pro-atherosclerotic phenotypes might be elicited from macrophages when they were stimulated by TNIIIA2. In this study, TNIIIA2 showed the ability to accelerate intracellular lipid accumulation in macrophages. In this experimental condition, an elevation of phagocytic activity was observed, accompanied by a decrease in the expression of transporters responsible for lipid efflux. All these observations were mediated through the induction of excessive ß1-integrin activation, which is a characteristic property of the TNIIIA2 sequence. Finally, we demonstrated that the injection of a drug that targets TNIIIA2's bioactivity could rescue mice from atherosclerotic plaque expansion. From these observations, it was shown that TN-C works as a pro-atherosclerotic molecule through an internal TNIIIA2 sequence. The possible advantages of clinical strategies targeting TNIIIA2 are also indicated.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Células Espumosas , Placa Aterosclerótica , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Células Espumosas/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Peptídeos/química , Tenascina/metabolismo
3.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(1): 127-136, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38164188

RESUMO

Tenascin C (TNC), a rich glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix, exhibits a pro-atherosclerosis or anti-atherosclerosis effect depending on its location. TNC, especially its C domain/isoform (TNC-C), is strongly overexpressed in atherosclerotic plaque active areas but virtually undetectable in most normal adult tissues, suggesting that TNC is a promising delivery vector target for atherosclerosis-targeted drugs. Many delivery vectors were investigated by recognizing TNC-C, including G11, G11-iRGD, TN11, PL1, and PL3. F16 and FNLM were also investigated by recognizing TNC-A1 and TNC, respectively. Notably, iRGD was undergoing clinical trials. PL1 not only recognizes TNC-C but also the extra domain-B (EDB) of fibronectin (FN), which is also a promising delivery vector for atherosclerosis-targeted drugs, and several conjugate agents are undergoing clinical trials. The F16-conjugate agent F16IL2 is undergoing clinical trials. Therefore, G11-iRGD, PL1, and F16 have great development value. Furthermore, ATN-RNA and IMA950 were investigated in clinical trials as therapeutic drugs and vaccines by targeting TNC, respectively. Therefore, targeting TNC could greatly improve the success rate of atherosclerosis-targeted drugs and/or specific drug development. This review discussed the role of TNC in atherosclerosis, atherosclerosis-targeted drug delivery vectors, and agent development to provide knowledge for drug development targeting TNC.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Placa Aterosclerótica , Adulto , Humanos , Tenascina/genética , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Matriz Extracelular , Placa Aterosclerótica/tratamento farmacológico , Isoformas de Proteínas
4.
Egypt J Immunol ; 31(1): 20-29, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38224032

RESUMO

Asthma is a heterogeneous disease that affects a large proportion of the global population and is distinguished by airway hyperresponsiveness to direct and indirect stimulations. It is a multifactorial disease that is triggered by heredity and environmental causes. Tenascin C (TNC) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein that promotes inflammatory cell migration from the interstitium to the airways. Stimulation of TNC is through cytokines from T helper 2 (Th2) cells, in addition, it proliferates within basement membranes of the airways in asthmatic patients. This study aimed to determine whether serum TNC can be used as a novel biomarker for asthma diagnosis and to evaluate the association between serum TNC measurement and asthma severity. This case-control study included 64 patients with mild to severe bronchial asthma, diagnosed according to GINA 2022, referred to the Allergy and Clinical Immunology outpatient clinic at Ain Shams University Hospital, and 64 normal subjects as controls. Serum TNC levels were measured by ELISA. Serum TNC levels were significantly higher among bronchial asthma patients than controls (p ˂0.001). The sensitivity of serum TNC measurement in the diagnosis of bronchial asthma was 93.75%, the specificity 60.94%, and the negative predictive value 90.7%. Besides, a significant relation was found between serum TNC levels and the severity of bronchial asthma (p=0.004), as elevated serum TNC levels were the highest among severe asthmatic patients. In conclusion, the results gained in this study revealed that serum TNC level could be proposed as a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of bronchial asthma and a potential predictor of disease severity.


Assuntos
Asma , Tenascina , Humanos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/genética , Biomarcadores , Matriz Extracelular
5.
Sci Adv ; 10(3): eadi5791, 2024 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38241368

RESUMO

The touch dome (TD) keratinocytes are specialized epidermal cells that intimately associate with the light touch sensing Merkel cells (MCs). The TD keratinocytes function as a niche for the MCs and can induce de novo hair follicles upon stimulation; however, how the TD keratinocytes are maintained during homeostasis remains unclear. scRNA-seq identified a specific TD keratinocyte marker, Tenascin-C (TNC). Lineage tracing of Tnc-expressing TD keratinocytes revealed that these cells maintain themselves as an autonomous epidermal compartment and give rise to MCs upon injury. Molecular characterization uncovered that, while the transcriptional and chromatin landscape of the TD keratinocytes is remarkably similar to that of the interfollicular epidermal keratinocytes, it also shares certain molecular signatures with the hair follicle keratinocytes. Our study highlights that the TD keratinocytes in the adult skin have molecular characteristics of keratinocytes of diverse epidermal lineages.


Assuntos
Queratinócitos , Tenascina , Tenascina/genética , Epiderme , Pele , Células de Merkel/fisiologia , Folículo Piloso
6.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 37(12): 1523-1532, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38130197

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate whether the Runx2 gene can induce the differentiation of human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) to ligament fibroblasts in vitro and promote the tendon-bone healing in rabbits. Methods: hAMSCs were isolated from the placentas voluntarily donated from healthy parturients and passaged, and then identified by flow cytometric identification. Adenoviral vectors carrying Runx2 gene (Ad-Runx2) and empty vector adenovirus (Ad-NC) were constructed and viral titer assay; then, the 3rd generation hAMSCs were transfected with Ad-Runx2 (Ad-Runx2 group) or Ad-NC (Ad-NC group). The real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot were used to detect Runx2 gene and protein expression to verify the effectiveness of Ad-Runx2 transfection of hAMSCs; and at 3 and 7 days after transfection, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was further used to detect the expressions of ligament fibroblast-related genes [vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), collagen type Ⅰ, Fibronectin, and Tenascin-C]. The hAMSCs were used as a blank control group. The hAMSCs, hAMSCs transfected with Ad-NC, and hAMSCs were mixed with Matrigel according to the ratio of 1 : 1 and 1 : 2 to construct the cell-scaffold compound. Cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay, and the corresponding cell-scaffold compound with better proliferation were taken for subsequent animal experiments. Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups of sham operation group (Sham group), anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction group (ACLR group), anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction+hAMSCs transfected with Ad-NC-scaffold compound group (Ad-NC group), and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction+hAMSCs transfected with Ad-Runx2-scaffold compound group (Ad-Runx2 group), with 3 rabbits in each group. After preparing the ACL reconstruction model, the Ad-NC group and the Ad-Runx2 group injected the optimal hAMSCs-Matrigel compunds into the bone channel correspondingly. The samples were taken for gross, histological (HE staining and sirius red staining), and immunofluorescence staining observation at 1 month after operation to evaluate the inflammatory cell infiltration as well as collagen and Tenascin-C content in the ligament tissues. Results: Flow cytometric identification of the isolated cells conformed to the phenotypic characteristics of MSCs. The Runx2 gene was successfully transfected into hAMSCs. Compared with the Ad-NC group, the relative expressions of VEGF and collagen type Ⅰ genes in the Ad-Runx2 group significantly increased at 3 and 7 days after transfection ( P<0.05), Fibronectin significantly increased at 3 days ( P<0.05), and Tenascin-C significantly increased at 3 days and decreased at 7 days ( P<0.05). CCK-8 detection showed that there was no significant difference ( P>0.05) in the cell proliferation between groups and between different time points after mixed culture of two ratios. So the cell-scaffold compound constructed in the ratio of 1∶1 was selected for subsequent experiments. Animal experiments showed that at 1 month after operation, the continuity of the grafted tendon was complete in all groups; HE staining showed that the tissue repair in the Ad-Runx2 group was better and there were fewer inflammatory cells when compared with the ACLR group and the Ad-NC group; sirius red staining and immunofluorescence staining showed that the Ad-Runx2 group had more collagen typeⅠ and Ⅲ fibers, tending to form a normal ACL structure. However, the fluorescence intensity of Tenascin-C protein was weakening when compared to the ACLR and Ad-NC groups. Conclusion: Runx2 gene transfection of hAMSCs induces directed differentiation to ligament fibroblasts and promotes tendon-bone healing in reconstructed anterior cruciate ligament in rabbits.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Coelhos , Animais , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Tenascina/metabolismo , Colágeno/metabolismo , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Tendões/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo
7.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 18(23): 1651-1668, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37929694

RESUMO

Background: Elevated expression of CAV1 in breast cancer increases tumor progression. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from CAV1-expressing MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells contain Tenascin C (TNC), but the relevance of TNC remained to be defined. Methods: EVs were characterized by nanotracking analysis, microscopy and western blotting. The uptake of EVs by cells was studied using flow cytometry. The effects of EVs on breast cancer cells were tested in migration, invasion, colony formation and in vivo assays. Results: EVs were taken up by cells; however, only those containing TNC promoted invasiveness. In vivo, EVs lacking TNC ceased to promote tumor growth. Conclusion: CAV1 and TNC contained in breast cancer cell-derived EVs were identified as proteins that favor progression of breast cancer.


Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is a protein that in breast cancer increases with disease progression. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from breast cancer cells with CAV1 also contain Tenascin C (TNC) protein, but the importance of TNC remained to be defined. EVs were identified by size, microscopy and protein analysis. The effects of EVs on breast cancer cells were studied using cells and experiments in animals. CAV1 expression promotes TNC inclusion into EVs, which increased the aggressiveness of recipient breast cancer cells. In animals, only EVs with TNC increased features associated with cancer spread, while EVs lacking TNC reduced tumor growth.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Caveolina 1 , Vesículas Extracelulares , Tenascina , Humanos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Tenascina/metabolismo , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Progressão da Doença
8.
Dev Biol ; 504: 98-112, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37778717

RESUMO

Severe muscle injury causes distress and difficulty in humans. Studying the high regenerative ability of the axolotls may provide hints for the development of an effective treatment for severe injuries to muscle tissue. Here, we examined the regenerative process in response to a muscle injury in axolotls. We found that axolotls are capable of complete regeneration in response to a partial muscle resection called volumetric muscle loss (VML), which mammals cannot perfectly regenerate. We investigated the mechanisms underlying this high regenerative capacity in response to VML, focusing on the migration of muscle satellite cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) formed during VML injury. Axolotls form tenascin-C (TN-C)-enriched ECM after VML injury. This TN-C-enriched ECM promotes the satellite cell migration. We confirmed the importance of TN-C in successful axolotl muscle regeneration by creating TN-C mutant animals. Our results suggest that the maintenance of a TN-C-enriched ECM environment after muscle injury promotes the release of muscle satellite cells and supports eventually high muscle regenerative capacity. In the future, better muscle regeneration may be achieved in mammals through the maintenance of TN-C expression.


Assuntos
Ambystoma mexicanum , Tenascina , Animais , Humanos , Tenascina/genética , Tenascina/metabolismo , Ambystoma mexicanum/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Músculos/metabolismo , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo
9.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 18490, 2023 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37898719

RESUMO

Deficiency of an extracellular matrix glycoprotein tenascin-X (TNX) leads to a human heritable disorder Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and TNX-deficient patients complain of chronic joint pain, myalgia, paresthesia, and axonal polyneuropathy. We previously reported that TNX-deficient (Tnxb-/-) mice exhibit mechanical allodynia and hypersensitivity to myelinated A-fibers. Here, we investigated the pain response of Tnxb-/- mice using pharmacological silencing of A-fibers with co-injection of N-(2,6-Dimethylphenylcarbamoylmethyl) triethylammonium bromide (QX-314), a membrane-impermeable lidocaine analog, plus flagellin, a toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) ligand. Intraplantar co-injection of QX-314 and flagellin significantly increased the paw withdrawal threshold to transcutaneous sine wave stimuli at frequencies of 250 Hz (Aδ fiber responses) and 2000 Hz (Aß fiber responses), but not 5 Hz (C fiber responses) in wild-type mice. The QX-314 plus flagellin-induced silencing of Aδ- and Aß-fibers was also observed in Tnxb-/- mice. Co-injection of QX-314 and flagellin significantly inhibited the mechanical allodynia and neuronal activation of the spinal dorsal horn in Tnxb-/- mice. Interestingly, QX-314 alone inhibited the mechanical allodynia in Tnxb-/- mice, and it increased the paw withdrawal threshold to stimuli at frequencies of 250 Hz and 2000 Hz in Tnxb-/- mice, but not in wild-type mice. The inhibition of mechanical allodynia induced by QX-314 alone was blocked by intraplantar injection of a TLR5 antagonist TH1020 in Tnxb-/- mice. These results suggest that mechanical allodynia due to TNX deficiency is caused by the hypersensitivity of Aδ- and Aß-fibers, and it is induced by constitutive activation of TLR5.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos , Hiperalgesia , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/complicações , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/genética , Matriz Extracelular , Flagelina , Hiperalgesia/genética , Hiperalgesia/complicações , Fibras Nervosas Amielínicas , Tenascina/genética , Receptor 5 Toll-Like
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(19)2023 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37834140

RESUMO

Tenascin-C (TNC) is a complex glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix (ECM) involved in a plethora of (patho-)physiological processes, such as oncogenesis and inflammation. Since chemokines play an essential role in both disease processes, we have investigated here the binding of TNC to some of the key chemokines, namely CCL2, CCL26, CXCL8, CXCL10, and CXCL12. Thereby, a differential chemokine-TNC binding pattern was observed, with CCL26 exhibiting the highest and CCL2 the lowest affinity for TNC. Heparan sulfate (HS), another member of the ECM, proved to be a similarly high-affinity ligand of TNC, with a Kd value of 730 nM. Chemokines use glycosa-minoglycans such as HS as co-receptors to induce immune cell migration. Therefore, we assumed an influence of TNC on immune cell chemotaxis due to co-localization within the ECM. CCL26- and CCL2-induced mobilization experiments of eosinophils and monocytes, respectively, were thus performed in the presence and the absence of TNC. Pre-incubation of the immune cells with TNC resulted in a 3.5-fold increase of CCL26-induced eosinophil chemotaxis, whereas a 1.3-fold de-crease in chemotaxis was observed when monocytes were pre-incubated with CCL2. As both chemokines have similar HS binding but different TNC binding affinities, we speculate that TNC acts as an attenuator in monocyte and as an amplifier in eosinophil mobilization by impeding CCL2 from binding to HS on the one hand, and by reinforcing CCL26 to bind to HS on the other hand.


Assuntos
Matriz Extracelular , Tenascina , Movimento Celular , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Heparitina Sulfato/metabolismo , Monócitos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Tenascina/metabolismo , Humanos
11.
Dev Biol ; 504: 86-97, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37758009

RESUMO

Human satellite cells (HuSCs) have been deemed to be the potential cure to treat muscular atrophy diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy. However, the clinical trials of HuSCs were restricted to the inadequacy of donors because of that freshly isolated HuSCs quickly lost the Pax7 expression and myogenesis capacity in vivo after a few days of culture. Here we found that oleanic acid, a kind of triterpenoid endowed with diverse biological functions with treatment potential, could efficiently promote HuSCs proliferation. The HuSCs cultured in the medium supplement with oleanic acid could maintain a high expression level of Pax7 and retain the ability to differentiate into myotubes as well as facilitate muscle regeneration in injured muscles of recipient mice. We further revealed that Tenascin-C acts as the core mechanism to activate the EGFR signaling pathway followed by HuSCs proliferation. Taken together, our data provide an efficient method to expand functional HuSCs and a novel mechanism that controls HuSCs proliferation, which sheds light on the HuSCs-based therapy to treat muscle diseases.


Assuntos
Células Satélites de Músculo Esquelético , Tenascina , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Células Satélites de Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Células-Tronco , Tenascina/metabolismo
12.
J Immunoassay Immunochem ; 44(5-6): 396-417, 2023 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37694977

RESUMO

Gastric carcinoma (GC) is one of the most prevalent cancers worldwide and the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death. Studying the molecular profile of GC is essential for developing targeted therapies. ß-catenin, Tenascin, and Fascin expression are among the molecular abnormalities that are claimed to cause GC progression and chemoresistance. Therefore, they could be used as potential therapeutic targets. This study aimed to evaluate ß-catenin, Tenascin, and Fascin expression and their possible roles as prognostic and predictive biomarkers in GC using immunohistochemistry. This retrospective study included 84 GC cases. Tissue microarrays were constructed, followed by ß-catenin, Tenascin, and Fascin immunostaining. Their expression was assessed and compared with clinicopathological parameters and survival data. The study results revealed that ß-catenin nucleocytoplasmic expression, positive Tenascin, and Fascin expressions were detected in 86.9%, 70%, and 59.5% of cases, respectively. Their expression was significantly associated with poor prognostic parameters, such as deeper tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, advanced pathological stage, vascular invasion, positive omental nodules, poor response to chemotherapy, and short overall survival. Hence, nucleocytoplasmic ß-catenin expression together with Tenascin and Fascin positivity can be potential prognostic and predictive markers, and they can be used as therapeutic targets for GC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Tenascina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Carcinoma/patologia
13.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 80(9): 268, 2023 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37632572

RESUMO

Aortic valve degeneration (AVD) is a life-threatening condition that has no medical treatment and lacks individual therapies. Although extensively studied with standard approaches, aetiologies behind AVD are unclear. We compared abundances of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins from excised valve tissues of 88 patients with isolated AVD of normal tricuspid (TAV) and congenital bicuspid aortic valves (BAV), quantified more than 1400 proteins per ECM sample by mass spectrometry, and demonstrated that local ECM preserves molecular cues of the pathophysiological processes. The BAV ECM showed enrichment with fibrosis markers, namely Tenascin C, Osteoprotegerin, and Thrombospondin-2. The abnormal physical stress on BAV may cause a mechanical injury leading to a continuous Tenascin C-driven presence of myofibroblasts and persistent fibrosis. The TAV ECM exhibited enrichment with Annexin A3 (p = 1.1 × 10-16 and the fold change 6.5) and a significant deficit in proteins involved in high-density lipid metabolism. These results were validated by orthogonal methods. The difference in the ECM landscape suggests distinct aetiologies between AVD of BAV and TAV; warrants different treatments of the patients with BAV and TAV; elucidates the molecular basis of AVD; and implies possible new therapeutic approaches. Our publicly available database (human_avd_ecm.surgsci.uu.se) is a rich source for medical doctors and researchers who are interested in AVD or heart ECM in general. Systematic proteomic analysis of local ECM using the methods described here may facilitate future studies of various tissues and organs in development and disease.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica , Tenascina , Humanos , Proteômica , Matriz Extracelular , Aorta
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 23(1): 425, 2023 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37370064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental implant is the principal treatment for edentulism and the healthiness of the peri-implant tissue has a pivotal role for its longterm success. In addition, it has been shown that also the topography of the healing abutment can influence the outcome of the restoration. The objective of this human clinical trial was to assess the impact of a novel laser-treated healing abutment on peri-implant connective tissue and extracellular matrix proteins compared to the conventional machined surface, which served as the control group. METHODS: During second surgical stage a customized healing abutment were inserted on 30 single dental implants. Healing abutments were realized with two alternated different surface (two side laser-treated surfaces and two side machined surfaces) in order to be considered both as test and control on the same implant and reduce positioning bias. Following the soft tissue healing period (30 ± 7 days) a 5 mm circular biopsy was retrieved. Immuno-histochemical and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) analyses were performed on Collagen, Tenascin C, Fibrillin I, Metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitor (TIMPs). 15 were processed for qPCR, while the other 15 were processed for immunohistochemical analysis. Paired t-test between the two groups were performed. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Results revealed that the connective tissue facing the laser-treated surface expressed statistically significant lower amount of MMPs (p < 0.05) and higher level of TIMPs 3 (p < 0.05), compared to the tissue surrounding the machined implant, which, in turn expressed also altered level of extracellular matrix protein (Tenascin C, Fibrillin I (p < 0.05)) and Collagen V, that are known to be altered also in peri-implantitis. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the laser-treated surface holds promise in positively influencing wound healing of peri-implant connective tissue. Results demonstrated that topographic nature of the healing abutments can positively influence mucosal wound healing and molecular expression. Previous studies have been demonstrated how laser treatment can rightly influence integrity and functionality of the gingiva epithelium and cell adhesion. Regarding connective tissue different molecular expression demonstrated a different inflammatory pattern between laser treated or machined surfaces where laser treated showed better response. Targeted interventions and preventive measures on peri- implant topography could effectively minimize the risk of peri-implant diseases contributing to the long-term success and durability of restoration. However, new studies are mandatory to better understand this phenomenon and the role of this surface in the peri-implantitis process.  TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: (Registration Number: NCT05754970 ). Registered 06/03/2023, retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Peri-Implantite , Humanos , Implantes Dentários/efeitos adversos , Tenascina , Colágeno , Tecido Conjuntivo , Lasers , Fibrilinas , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Titânio
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(12)2023 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37373332

RESUMO

Adverse ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) is progressive ventricular dilatation associated with heart failure for weeks or months and is currently regarded as the most critical sequela of MI. It is explained by inadequate tissue repair due to dysregulated inflammation during the acute stage; however, its pathophysiology remains unclear. Tenascin-C (TNC), an original member of the matricellular protein family, is highly up-regulated in the acute stage after MI, and a high peak in its serum level predicts an increased risk of adverse ventricular remodeling in the chronic stage. Experimental TNC-deficient or -overexpressing mouse models have suggested the diverse functions of TNC, particularly its pro-inflammatory effects on macrophages. The present study investigated the roles of TNC during human myocardial repair. We initially categorized the healing process into four phases: inflammatory, granulation, fibrogenic, and scar phases. We then immunohistochemically examined human autopsy samples at the different stages after MI and performed detailed mapping of TNC in human myocardial repair with a focus on lymphangiogenesis, the role of which has recently been attracting increasing attention as a mechanism to resolve inflammation. The direct effects of TNC on human lymphatic endothelial cells were also assessed by RNA sequencing. The results obtained support the potential roles of TNC in the regulation of macrophages, sprouting angiogenesis, the recruitment of myofibroblasts, and the early formation of collagen fibrils during the inflammatory phase to the early granulation phase of human MI. Lymphangiogenesis was observed after the expression of TNC was down-regulated. In vitro results revealed that TNC modestly down-regulated genes related to nuclear division, cell division, and cell migration in lymphatic endothelial cells, suggesting its inhibitory effects on lymphatic endothelial cells. The present results indicate that TNC induces prolonged over-inflammation by suppressing lymphangiogenesis, which may be one of the mechanisms underlying adverse post-infarct remodeling.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Tenascina , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Tenascina/genética , Tenascina/metabolismo , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia
16.
Respirology ; 28(10): 925-933, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37376768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Studies of autoimmunity and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have been confined to investigations of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies which utilize synthetic peptides as surrogate markers for in vivo citrullinated antigens. We studied immune activation by analysing the prevalence of in vivo anti-modified protein antibodies (AMPA) in IPF. METHODS: We included patients with incident and prevalent IPF (N = 120), sex and smoking-matched healthy controls (HC) (N = 120) and patients with RA (N = 104). Serum (median time: 11 months [Q1-Q3: 1-28 months] from diagnosis) was analysed for presence of antibodies towards native and posttranslational modified (citrullinated [Cit, N = 25]; acetylated [Acet, N = 4] and homocitrullinated [Carb, N = 1]) peptides derived from tenascin (TNC, N = 9), fibrinogen (Fib, N = 11), filaggrin (Fil, N = 5), histone (N = 8), cathelicidin (LL37, N = 4) and vimentin (N = 5) using a custom-made peptide microarray. RESULTS: AMPA were more frequent and in increased levels in IPF than in HC (44% vs. 27%, p < 0.01), but less than in RA (44% vs. 79%, p < 0.01). We specifically observed AMPA in IPF towards certain citrullinated, acetylated and carbamylated peptides versus HC: tenascin (Cit(2033) -TNC2025-2040 ; Cit(2197) -TNC2177-2200 ; Cit(2198) -TNC2177-2200 ), fibrinogen (Cit(38,42) -Fibα36-50 ; Cit(72) -Fibß60-74 ) and filaggrin (Acet-Fil307-324 , Carb-Fil307-324 ). No differences in survival (p = 0.13) or disease progression (p = 0.19) between individuals with or without AMPA was observed in IPF. However, patients with incident IPF had better survival if AMPA were present (p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: A significant proportion of IPF patients present with specific AMPA in serum. Our results suggest autoimmunity as a possible characteristic for a subgroup of IPF that may affect disease outcome.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Humanos , Autoanticorpos/metabolismo , Proteínas Filagrinas , Tenascina/metabolismo , Ácido alfa-Amino-3-hidroxi-5-metil-4-isoxazol Propiônico , Peptídeos Cíclicos/metabolismo , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fibrinogênio/metabolismo
17.
Analyst ; 148(14): 3247-3256, 2023 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37366648

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a particularly aggressive and high-grade brain cancer, with poor prognosis and life expectancy, in urgent need of novel therapies. These severe outcomes are compounded by the difficulty in distinguishing between cancerous and non-cancerous tissues using conventional imaging techniques. Metallic nanoparticles (NPs) are advantageous due to their diverse optical and physical properties, such as their targeting and imaging potential. In this work, the uptake, distribution, and location of silica coated gold nanoparticles (AuNP-SHINs) within multicellular tumour spheroids (MTS) derived from U87-MG glioblastoma cells was investigated by surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) optical mapping. MTS are three-dimensional in vitro tumour mimics that represent a tumour in vivo much more closely than that of a two-dimensional cell culture. By using AuNP-SHIN nanotags, it is possible to readily functionalise the inner gold surface with a Raman reporter, and the outer silica surface with an antibody for tumour specific targeting. The nanotags were designed to target the biomarker tenascin-C overexpressed in U87-MG glioblastoma cells. Immunochemistry indicated that tenascin-C was upregulated within the core of the MTS, however limitations such as NP size, quiescence, and hypoxia, restricted the penetration of the nanotags to the core and they remained in the outer proliferating cells of the spheroids. Previous examples of MTS studies using SERS demonstrated the incubation of NPs on a 2D monolayer of cells, with the subsequent formation of the MTS from these pre-incubated cells. Here, we focus on the localisation of the NPs after incubation into pre-formed MTS to establish a better understanding of targeting and NP uptake. Therefore, this work highlights the importance for the investigation and translation of NP uptake into these 3D in vitro models.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Humanos , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Tenascina , Ouro/química , Esferoides Celulares , Dióxido de Silício/química
18.
J Biol Chem ; 299(8): 104952, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37356715

RESUMO

Neural plasticity, the ability to alter the structure and function of neural circuits, varies throughout the age of an individual. The end of the hyperplastic period in the central nervous system coincides with the appearance of honeycomb-like structures called perineuronal nets (PNNs) that surround a subset of neurons. PNNs are a condensed form of neural extracellular matrix that include the glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan and extracellular matrix proteins such as aggrecan and tenascin-R (TNR). PNNs are key regulators of developmental neural plasticity and cognitive functions, yet our current understanding of the molecular interactions that help assemble them remains limited. Disruption of Ptprz1, the gene encoding the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase RPTPζ, altered the appearance of nets from a reticulated structure to puncta on the surface of cortical neuron bodies in adult mice. The structural alterations mirror those found in Tnr-/- mice, and TNR is absent from the net structures that form in dissociated cultures of Ptprz1-/- cortical neurons. These findings raised the possibility that TNR and RPTPζ cooperate to promote the assembly of PNNs. Here, we show that TNR associates with the RPTPζ ectodomain and provide a structural basis for these interactions. Furthermore, we show that RPTPζ forms an identical complex with tenascin-C, a homolog of TNR that also regulates neural plasticity. Finally, we demonstrate that mutating residues at the RPTPζ-TNR interface impairs the formation of PNNs in dissociated neuronal cultures. Overall, this work sets the stage for analyzing the roles of protein-protein interactions that underpin the formation of nets.


Assuntos
Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 5 Semelhantes a Receptores , Tenascina , Animais , Camundongos , Tenascina/genética , Tenascina/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 5 Semelhantes a Receptores/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases Classe 5 Semelhantes a Receptores/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Agrecanas/metabolismo , Plasticidade Neuronal
19.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 83: 69-76, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37270997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although autologous fat grafting is considered a successful method for the management of contour deformities, the fat graft could potentially induce cancer reappearance by fueling dormant breast cancer cells. Our aim was to characterize the role of adipose-derived stem cells on active and dormant breast cancer cell growth. METHODS: Cobalt chloride was used to induce dormancy in MCF-7 cancer cells. Proliferation of active and dormant cancer cells was determined in the presence of adipose-derived stem cells. A proteome array was used to detect cancer-related protein expression in the cell-conditioned medium. The migration of cancer cells was measured in response to conditioned medium from the adipose-derived stem cells. RESULTS: The adipose-derived stem cells showed variable effects on active MCF-7 cells growth and inhibited MCF-7 proliferation after the withdrawal of cobalt chloride. Of the 84 different proteins measured in the conditioned medium, only tenascin-C was differentially expressed in the co-cultures. MCF-7 cells alone did not express tenascin-C, whereas co-cultures between MCF-7 and adipose-derived stem cells expressed more tenascin-C versus adipose-derived stem cells alone. The conditioned medium from co-cultures significantly increased the migration of the cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Adipose-derived stem cells themselves neither increased the growth or migration of cancer cells, suggesting that autologous fat grafting may be oncologically safe if reconstruction is postponed until there is no evidence of active disease. However, interactions between adipose-derived stem cells and MCF-7 cancer cells could potentially lead to the production of factors, which further promote cancer cell migration.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Neoplasias da Mama , Humanos , Feminino , Tecido Adiposo/transplante , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/farmacologia , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados/metabolismo , Tenascina/metabolismo , Tenascina/farmacologia , Células-Tronco , Proliferação de Células
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(9)2023 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37176074

RESUMO

Bidirectional dialogue between cellular and non-cellular components of the tumor microenvironment (TME) drives cancer survival. In the extracellular space, combinations of matrix molecules and soluble mediators provide external cues that dictate the behavior of TME resident cells. Often studied in isolation, integrated cues from complex tissue microenvironments likely function more cohesively. Here, we study the interplay between the matrix molecule tenascin-C (TNC) and chemokine CCL2, both elevated in and associated with the progression of breast cancer and playing key roles in myeloid immune responses. We uncover a correlation between TNC/CCL2 tissue levels in HER2+ breast cancer and examine the physical and functional interactions of these molecules in a murine disease model with tunable TNC levels and in in vitro cellular and cell-free models. TNC supported sustained CCL2 synthesis, with chemokine binding to TNC via two distinct domains. TNC dominated the behavior of tumor-resident myeloid cells; CCL2 did not impact macrophage survival/activation whilst TNC facilitated an immune suppressive macrophage phenotype that was not dependent on or altered by CCL2 co-expression. Together, these data map new binding partners within the TME and demonstrate that whilst the matrix exerts transcriptional control over the chemokine, each plays a distinct role in subverting anti-tumoral immunity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Tenascina , Animais , Camundongos , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Tenascina/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL2/metabolismo
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