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1.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 40(11): 837-841, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36510718

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the sleep quality of video operators in Shenzhen, and explore the relationship between sleep quality and occupational stress and different work and life habits. Methods: In December 2020, a cluster sampling method was used to investigate 791 video operators in Shenzhen from June to December 2020 who were engaged in printing, design, IT and other industries. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale was used to investigate the sleep quality of video operators, and the Job Content Questionnaire was used to investigate the occupational stress of video operators, The Pay Return Imbalance Questionnaire was used to investigate the pay return imbalance of video operators. The measurement data conforming to the normal distribution shall be expressed by mean±standard deviation, and t-test, analysis of variance and linear correlation analysis shall be adopted according to the type of independent variable. Those that do not conform to the normal distribution are described by the median M (Q(1), Q(3)), and two sample Wilcoxon test is used according to the binary data of independent variable type. Kruskal Wallis test was used for multi classification data, and Spearman rank correlation was used for single factor analysis for ordinal classification data. The counting data were analyzed by chi square test or Fisher exact probability method. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results: the pittsburgh sleep quality index was 4.76±2.86. 499 of them had high sleep quality. 292 people had low sleep quality, accounting for 36.91% (292/791). Compared with the low sleep quality group, the high sleep quality group had lower work requirement scores (13.48±1.77), higher autonomy scores (24.08±3.33), higher social support scores (23.95±3.08), lower pay scores (16.11±2.63), higher return scores (31.11±3.65), and lower internal input scores (14.98±2.55). There were statistically significant differences between the two scales in each dimension index group (P<0.05). Multi factor unconditional logistic regression analysis showed that high education level (OR=1.57, 95%CI=1.26~1.98, P<0.05), occupational stress (OR=1.69, 95%CI=1.21~2.36, P<0.05), and high pay and low return (OR=1.41, 95%CI=1.01~1.96, P<0.05) were the main influencing factors of sleep quality. Conclusion: The occurrence of occupational stress in video operators is a risk factor for low sleep quality, which should be paid enough attention.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Terminais de Computador , Qualidade do Sono , Estudos Transversais , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361134

RESUMO

The forward head posture of visual display terminal (VDT) users induces various physical and cognitive clinical symptoms. However, few studies have been conducted to identify and solve problems associated with VDT posture. This study aimed to examine the adverse effects of VDT posture and the positive effects of traction-combined workstations by measuring postural alignment, muscle properties, blood velocity, preference, and working memory. Thirty-four healthy VDT users (18 males and 16 females aged 20-30 years) participated in the experiment at three workstations, including conventional (VDT_C), head support (VDT_S), and upright (VDT_U) workstations. They conducted 2-back working memory task. The craniovertebral angle (CVA), muscle tone and stiffness, blood velocity and visual analogue discomfort scale (VADS) were measured to examine the influence of workstations. VDT_C showed increased muscle tone or stiffness in the levator scapulae (LS), suboccipital muscle (SM), and sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) and an increased reaction time (RT) in working memory. However, VDT_S showed decreased stiffness and tone of SM and improved comfort. In addition, VDT_U showed decreased stiffness or tone of the LS and SCM and improved blood velocity and RT. In conclusion, maintaining neutral alignment significantly improved working memory performance, muscle properties, and blood velocity.


Assuntos
Terminais de Computador , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Memória de Curto Prazo , Tração , Hemodinâmica , Cognição , Redução de Peso
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(44): e31352, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343050

RESUMO

We aimed to elicit strong blinks among healthy video display terminal (VDT) users by periorbital transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) and evaluate its impact on the tear fluid and visual task. Appropriate TENS conditions were evaluated to evoke strong blinks under minimum discomfort. Seventeen healthy VDT users with noninvasive Keratograph first breakup time (NIKf-BUT) 5-15 s and Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores < 15 were recruited in this study. Before the trial, noninvasive Keratograph average breakup time (NIKa-BUT), tear meniscus height (TMH) and OSDI scores were evaluated. Before each TENS session, the volunteers played Tetris while the corresponding blink rate and Tetris scores were recorded. Then, the participants underwent 30 minutes of TENS, which evoked blinking of their right eye 20 times per minute. Tetris scores were evaluated again during TENS. The Tetris scores and corresponding blink rate were assessed after each TENS session while NIKa-BUT, TMH and OSDI scores were recorded after the third and sixth TENS sessions. We found that OSDI scores declined significantly after the sixth TENS (P = .003). The NIKa-BUT of the right eye was promoted after the sixth TENS (P = .02), and the TMH was higher after the third and sixth TENS in both eyes (P = .03, P = .03 for right eyes respectively, P = .01, P = .01 for left eyes respectively). There was no significant difference between the adjusted Tetris scores before and during TENS (P = .12). The blink rate before and after TENS were unaffected after 6 sessions (P = .61). The results indicated that periorbital TENS effectively ameliorated ocular irritation and improved tear secretion and tear film stability by eliciting strong blinks in healthy VDT users without disturbing the visual task.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Humanos , Piscadela , Terminais de Computador , Síndromes do Olho Seco/terapia , Lágrimas/fisiologia
4.
J Occup Health ; 64(1): e12370, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36350045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Visual display terminal (VDT) time has been reported to affect the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, no study has investigated the association between VDT time at and outside of work with TMDs Adjusting for known TMJ risk factors. This study aimed to investigate whether TMDs were associated with VDT time at and outside of work after adjusting for various working conditions in Japanese workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on an internet survey of 3930 workers (2057 men and 1873 women), The TMD Screening Questionnaire (SQ-TMD), occupational factors, VDT time at and outside of work, psychosocial factors, and habits were assessed. We applied logistic regression to estimate the odds ratio (OR) of VDT time on SQ-TMD with adjustment for confounders. RESULTS: The mean age of the respondents was 43.3 ± 11.7 years, and 778 (19.8%) and 3152 (80.2%) subjects were at high and low TMD-related symptoms (TRS). Logistic regression analysis adjusting for all covariates (Model 2), the prevalence of high TRS was significantly higher among those with VDT time at work of 60-179 min (OR = 1.52, 95% CI 1.18-1.94), 180-359 min (OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.00-1.62), and more than 360 min (OR = 1.44, 95% CI 1.10-1.88) compared to those with 0-59 min. However, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of high TRS for VDT time outside of work. CONCLUSION: VDT time at work, but not VDT time outside of work, influences the prevalence of TRS. Since the association between VDT time at work and the prevalence of TRS was found even after adjusting for sociopsychological factors and habits generally associated with TMD, further investigation of other factors is needed.


Assuntos
Terminais de Computador , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Japão/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/etiologia
5.
PLoS One ; 17(7): e0268356, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35853006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of computers and other Visual Display Terminal (VDT) screens is increasing in Nepal. However, there is a paucity of evidence on the prevalence of Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) and other occupational health concerns among employees working in front of VDT screens in the Nepalese population. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of CVS, musculoskeletal and work-related stress among VDT screen users in the office, as well as their understanding and usage of preventive measures. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive study among 319 VDT users in office settings in Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Nepal, using a semi-structured self-administered questionnaire. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the associated factors at 95% CI. P-value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. RESULTS: The prevalence of CVS was 89.4%. More than eight out of ten study participants reported at least one visual and musculoskeletal symptom. Work-related stress, which was moderate-difficult to handle, was present in 36.7% of the study population. The mean±SD computer usage per day was 7.9±1.9 hours. Tired eye (63.3%), feeling of dry eye (57.8%), headache (56.9%) were the common visual symptoms of CVS reported. Total computer use/day > = 8 hours OR 2.6, improper viewing distance OR 3.2, Not using an anti-glare screen OR 2.6, not using eye-drops, and not wearing protective goggles OR 3.1 were significantly associated with the presence of CVS. There was no statistically significant association between visual symptoms of CVS, musculoskeletal symptoms, and stress with gender. CONCLUSION: CVS was substantially related to not employing preventive measures, working longer hours, and having an incorrect viewing distance. With more hours per day spent in front of a VDT screen, work-related stress and musculoskeletal complaints were also found to be important correlates. Similarly, work-related stress was found more among those who had less than five years of job.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais , Estresse Ocupacional , Terminais de Computador , Computadores , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Nepal/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Front Public Health ; 10: 900539, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646801

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the use of video display terminal (VDT) in high-altitude regions by medical students and the resulted risk factors of eye discomfort. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 686 medical students randomly selected from high-altitude regions, Kunming, Yunnan Province. The prevalence of video display terminal syndrome (VDTs) and related risk factors in medical students were analyzed by instructing students to fill in the eye discomfort symptom questionnaire [Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scale]. Results: There were 686 participants in this study, including 213 males (31.0%) and 473 females (69.0%). The results of questionnaire survey showed that 184 patients (26.8%) didn't have eye discomfort symptoms and 502 patients (73.2%) had eye discomfort symptoms. The comparison of demographic and ocular characteristics of eye discomfort symptoms group and no eye discomfort symptoms group showed that medical students in the group with ocular discomfort symptoms had longer total duration of video terminal use, longer duration of each VDT use, higher total scores of ocular discomfort symptom scores, and a higher percentage of the ocular discomfort severity group, all with statistically significant differences. There was no significant difference in the remaining parameters between the two groups of participants. The results of multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that the relationship between total sleep time, total duration of VDT use and eye discomfort symptom score was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Besides, ordinal logistic regression was applied further to investigate related factors of the severity of eye discomfort. The model demonstrated that total sleep duration and total VDT using duration were significantly associated with the severity of eye discomfort symptom (P < 0.05).The severity of eye discomfort symptom was significantly negatively related to the increased total sleep duration and it was significantly positively related to the increased VDT use duration. Conclusion: The prevalence of VDTs is high in medical students at high-altitude regions. The longer total duration of daily use of VDT and shorter sleep duration are risk factors associated with VDTs. The severity of eye discomfort symptom was significantly negatively related to the increased total sleep duration and it was significantly positively related to the increased total VDT using duration.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatias , Doenças Profissionais , Estudantes de Medicina , Altitude , China/epidemiologia , Terminais de Computador , Estudos Transversais , Oftalmopatias/epidemiologia , Oftalmopatias/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Profissionais/complicações , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
7.
Med Lav ; 113(2): e2022012, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders represent one of the most common complains among video display terminal (VDT) users and are responsible for an important burden of disease in white collars. METHODS: From May 2017 to March 2018, 69 VDT users working at Trieste hospitals were recruited for a training session aimed to reduce musculoskeletal disorders in white collars workers. Thirty-three were assigned to the intervention group, whereas 36 comprised the control group. The intervention group received three personalized 1-hour-one-to-one sessions with a physiotherapist and a thorough evaluation of their workstation. Data were collected at baseline (T0), at 2 months (T1) and at 6 months (T2) using a standardized questionnaire and analyzed with the software STATA. RESULTS: Overall pain significantly decreased in cases at T1 and T2 (p < 0.05). Headache significantly decreased in cases at T1 (p < 0.05). Body awareness significantly increased in cases both at T1 and T2 (p < 0.05). Headache was positively correlated with an increased perception of pain (Coef 6.85, CI95% 3.2-10.5; p < 0.001), while the intervention determined a significant reduction of overall pain during the follow up (OR 0.97, IC 0.95-0.99, p = 0.013). Cases showed a significant increase of the cranial-vertebral angle at the 6 months follow up (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: A tailored physiotherapeutic intervention has showed a statistically significant decrease in osteoarticular pain and an increased body awareness in VDT users undergoing a personalized training session.v.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Terminais de Computador , Ergonomia , Cefaleia , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Dor
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409467

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the effects of prolonged VDT working time on physical and mental health disadvantages among health care workers (HCWs) in tertiary hospitals based on their work characteristics, age, and sex. Included in the study were 945 and 1868 participants in the non-doctor/nurse and doctor/nurse groups, respectively. The questionnaire included VDT usage-related information, the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), computer vision syndrome (CVS), perceived occupational stress, burnout, the Brief Symptom Rating Scale-5 (BSRS-5), and self-rated health (SRH). After adjustment, multiple logistical regression analysis revealed that the two groups showed that the longer the VDT working time, the higher the risk of muscle pain, severe headaches, severe job stress, and self-assessed bad sleep quality. This showed that the condition of the doctor/nurse group was more severe than that of the non-doctor/nurse group. According to the stratified analysis by sex and age, in the group of women under the age of 30, the adjusted odds ratio value of physical and mental conditions increased with longer VDT working time and was statistically significant. The result show that it is important to reduce daily VDT exposure for doctor, nurses, and women under 30.


Assuntos
Terminais de Computador , Doenças Profissionais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária
9.
J Adv Nurs ; 78(7): 2095-2110, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35112736

RESUMO

AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of computer vision syndrome (CVS) in healthcare workers and its relationship to video display terminal (VDT) exposure, sociodemographic, optical correction and work characteristics, and to analyse whether there are differences among occupational groups. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: A sample of 1179 physicians and surgeons, nurses, and nursing assistants from two hospitals in Spain between January 2017 and February 2018 were invited to participate in this study. Of these, 622 workers from both hospitals were finally included. CVS was measured using a questionnaire, the CVS-Q© . Logistic regression was used to identify the factors associated with CVS. All the results were stratified by occupational group. RESULTS: The prevalence of CVS was 56.75% with nurses being the most affected occupational group (61.75%). It was associated significantly with female sex (aOR = 2.57; 95% CI 1.36-4.88) and morning shifts plus on-call (aOR = 2.33; 95% CI 1.11-4.88) in the physicians and surgeons group. Among the nurses, it was associated with female sex (aOR = 2.35; 95% CI 1.03-5.37), seniority between 10 and 20 years (aOR = 2.17; 95% CI 1.03-4.59), VDT exposure at work of 2-4 h/day (aOR = 6.14; 95% CI 1.08-35.02), VDT exposure at work >4 h/day (aOR = 7.14; 95% CI 1.29-39.62) and self-perception that using the software application was not easy (aOR = 2.49; 95% CI 1.23-5.01). CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of CVS among healthcare workers was observed. The risk factors that increased the likelihood of suffering from this syndrome depended on the occupation. IMPACT: The findings may be used as a reference for occupational health services to implement specific preventive measures to reduce CVS for each occupational group. Such measures should consider both individual factors and the working conditions.


Assuntos
Terminais de Computador , Doenças Profissionais , Computadores , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Síndrome
10.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 100(7): 723-739, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35122403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a common cause of ocular pain and discomfort. Dry eye disease (DED) stems from a loss-of-tear film homeostasis and is frequently seen in video display terminal (VDT) users. Video display terminal (VDT) use reduces blink rates and increases incomplete blinks, leading to tear film instability and ocular inflammation, promoting DED. PURPOSE: To assess and evaluate the methods for preventing VDT-associated DED and ocular discomfort. METHODS: Studies were found using PubMed and Embase with the search terms: (digital visual terminal* OR computer use OR screen use OR smartphone OR display OR visual display terminal* OR computer vision syndrome OR tablet OR phone OR screen time) AND (dry eye OR DED). RESULTS: Thirty-one relevant articles were found. Ten described single-visit studies, whereas 21 had a prolonged follow-up. Most preventive measures of VDT-associated DED aimed to increase blink rate or directly prevent tear film instability, ocular inflammation, mucin loss or ocular surface damage. Using an adjustable chair and ergonomic training, blink animations and omega-3 supplementation improved signs and symptoms of VDT-associated DED. Taking frequent breaks was associated with fewer symptoms, but no study assessed the commonly suggested 20-20-20 rule. CONCLUSION: Preventive measures, such as blink animation programmes, oral intake of omega-3 fatty acids and improved ergonomics act on different parts of the vicious cycle of dry eye and could supplement each other. A comparison of the efficacy of the different interventions as well as more evidence of the effect of increased humidity, VDT filters and ergonomic practices, are required.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3 , Terminais de Computador , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Humanos , Inflamação , Mucinas , Lágrimas
11.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 100(4): 357-375, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial disease of the tear film and ocular surface. It causes ocular symptoms, reduced quality of life and a considerable economic burden on society. Prolonged use of visual display terminals (VDTs) has been suggested as an important risk factor for DED. PURPOSE: This review aims to study the association between DED and VDT use with an emphasis on the prevalence of DED among VDT users and harmful daily duration of VDT use. METHODS: A PubMed search was conducted and yielded 57 relevant articles based on a set of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The studies were subclassified according to study design. RESULTS: The far majority of the studies showed an association between VDT use and DED or DED-related signs and symptoms. The prevalence of definite or probable DED in VDT and office workers ranged from 26% to 70%, with as few as 1-2 hr of VDT exposure per day being associated with DED. CONCLUSION: VDT use is strongly associated with DED. VDT-associated DED is prevalent, but the exact prevalence needs to be further elucidated using standardized DED diagnosis criteria. Furthermore, a safe lower limit of daily VDT use has yet to be established. More research is needed on the effect of digitalization and digital transformation, which are particularly high during the time of the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Doenças Profissionais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Terminais de Computador , Estudos Transversais , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/epidemiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Pandemias , Qualidade de Vida , Lágrimas
12.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol ; 29(3): 245-251, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251964

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate dry eye (DE) and subjective visual display terminal (VDT)-related symptoms in university students who moved their classes online due to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of students who were taking online classes. In May 2020, the participants completed a Dry Eye Questionnaire (DEQ-5) and a self-report survey, which included demographics, medical history, information on the use of VDT and presence of VDT-related symptoms. Participants were classified as having mild/moderate (7-12) or severe (>12) DE symptoms based on their DEQ-5 score. The associations between severe DE symptoms and relevant factors were also evaluated. RESULTS: The data of 1450 eligible students were analyzed. The mean age of the participants was 21.1 (2.7) years. 42.8% of the participants had mild/moderate DE symptoms, whereas 34.7% had severe symptoms. Associated factors for severe DE were female sex (OR = 2.57, CI [1.97-3.35]), allergic disease (OR = 1.63, CI [1.24-2.13]), previous dry eye diagnosis (OR = 13.49, CI [7.10-25.63]), keratoconus (OR = 5.56, CI [1.27-24.44], contact lens use (OR = 1.77, CI [1.24-2.53]) and duration of VDT use (OR = 1.02, CI [1.01-1.05]). Prior to the pandemic, the mean reported duration of VDT use was 9.8 (4.7) hours; this increased to 15.9 (5.8) hours during the online classes (p < .001). 80.6% of the participants reported a global increase in VDT-related symptoms. CONCLUSION: Students taking online classes had a high frequency of DE symptoms. They also reported a significant increase in VDT-related symptoms. DE should be considered as an emerging health problem among the young population, which is probably related to the recent changes in lifestyle.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Síndromes do Olho Seco , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Terminais de Computador , Estudos Transversais , Síndromes do Olho Seco/diagnóstico , Síndromes do Olho Seco/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
13.
14.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0047, 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387966

RESUMO

RESUMO Com o advento do cenário pandêmico causado pelo SARS-CoV-2, no início do ano de 2020, foi notado um vasto quadro clínico entre os indivíduos infectados. Dentre os sintomas oculares mais comuns ocasionados pela COVID-19, o olho seco tornou-se bastante prevalente nesse meio. O estudo do tipo revisão narrativa busca avaliar os fatores de risco associados ao surgimento ou à intensificação dos quadros de olho seco na população durante o período pandêmico. A partir da análise bibliográfica, foi descrita a influência da ventilação por pressão positiva, do uso de máscaras de forma incorreta e de telas eletrônicas e da ansiedade e da depressão como fatores predisponentes ao desenvolvimento da doença do olho seco. No entanto, ainda é notada a necessidade de estudos mais explicativos para estabelecer a relação direta entre a causalidade dos fatores.


ABSTRACT With the advent of the pandemic scenario caused by SARS-CoV-2 in the beginning of the year 2020, a vast clinical picture was noticed among the infected individuals. Among the most common eye symptoms caused by Covid-19, dry eye (DE) has become quite prevalent in this environment. The narrative review study seeks to assess the risk factors associated with the emergence or intensification of DE conditions in the population during the pandemic period. A literature review showed the influence of positive pressure ventilation, incorrect use of masks, as well as electronic screens, in addition to anxiety and depression as predisposing factors for the development of dry eye disease. However, the need for more explanatory studies and for establishing a direct relationship between the causality of the factors is still noted.


Assuntos
Humanos , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia , COVID-19/complicações , Ansiedade/complicações , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Risco , Terminais de Computador , Depressão/complicações , Pandemias , Tempo de Tela , SARS-CoV-2 , Máscaras/efeitos adversos
15.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 428, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34893048

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors for abnormal blinking in children and compare these between boys and girls. METHODS: Children attending the Children's Optometry Clinic between June 2019 and June 2020 were recruited for the study. The time they had spent viewing video displays (VDTt) over the past 6 months was recorded. Incomplete blinking (IB) and blinking rate were measured and all participants were allocated to groups based on their blink rate (<20 times/min = normal blinking group, NBG; ≥20 times/min = abnormal blinking group, ABG). Tear film (TF) stability was also evaluated. The corresponding statistical methods are used to analyze the data. RESULTS: A total of 87 boys and 80 girls were enrolled in the study. No significant difference in age was found between the 2 groups. There was a significant difference in TF stability between the two groups (P<0.05). According to binary logistic analysis, VDTt and ocular protection index (OPI) are important risk factors for abnormal blinking, with cut-off values of 1.75 hours and 1.014 respectively in boys; and 1.25 hours and 1.770 respectively in girls. The average of lipid layer thickness was an important protective factor for children using VDT for long periods, with a cut-off value of 58.5 nm in boys and 53.5nm in girls. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for abnormal blinking in both boys and girls include VDTt and OPI.


Assuntos
Piscadela , Terminais de Computador , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Lágrimas
16.
Nutrients ; 13(12)2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34960000

RESUMO

The aims of the study were to investigate the ability and effectiveness of an oral intake of a fixed combination of zinc, L-carnitine, elderberry extract, black currant and Eleutherococcus extract in controlling the symptoms of eyestrain in videoterminal (VDT) users and to record its effects on contrast sensitivity. A single-center, phase II, observational, case-control, 1-month study in VDT workers without dry eye disease was carried out. Demographics and number of actual hours at VDT/day were taken into account. All subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, including assessment of contrast sensitivity, and completed the computer vision symptom scale questionnaire at baseline and one month later. A total of 30 Caucasian subjects adhered to the required inclusion criteria and completed the study; 15 subjects were treated (T) and 15 were controls (C). All clinical data at baseline were similar in both groups (p > 0.05): after one month, all subjects had stable visual acuity, refractive defect and intraocular pressure (IOP); screen exposure time was unchanged. Regarding symptoms, at randomization, the groups had a similar score: 33.1 ± 3.3 in T and 32.8 ± 5.6 in C. One month later, the computer vision symptom scale (CVSS) questionnaire score decreased by -14.1 ± 3, 1 (p = 0.000) and -2.3 ± 1.8 (p = 0.568), respectively. Regarding contrast sensitivity, in group C the values of spatial frequencies remained unchanged, while they improved in almost all the cycles per degree stimuli in the treated group. Oral intake of a fixed combination of zinc, L-carnitine, elderberry extract, black currant and eleutherococcus extract can significantly improve contrast sensitivity and symptoms in VDT workers with no signs of dry eye disease.


Assuntos
Astenopia/tratamento farmacológico , Carnitina/administração & dosagem , Terminais de Computador , Síndromes do Olho Seco/tratamento farmacológico , Eleutherococcus/química , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Ribes/química , Sambucus/química , Acuidade Visual/efeitos dos fármacos , Zinco/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adulto , Astenopia/etiologia , Síndromes do Olho Seco/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Extratos Vegetais/química
17.
Work ; 69(3): 1019-1026, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computer workstation use is a risk factor for the development of musculoskeletal disorders. Governmental guidelines have been developed as a resource for workstation set-up to minimize this risk. The degree of worksite compliance with guidelines has not been examined. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine workstations using the VDT Workstation Checklist to determine compliance, and potential modifications. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from a variety of work settings in Erie, PA. Workstations were assessed with the worker present, using the VDT Workstation Checklist. Adjustments and recommendations were made as appropriate. RESULTS: Of the 60 workstations examined, 48%did not receive a passing score. All but one were correctable to an acceptable level with minimal low-cost modifications. The recommendation for wrist rests (43%), changes in monitor height (30%) or position (27%) and reposition of the keyboard (13.3%) and mouse (13.3%) were the most frequent modifications. Ten (16.7%) workstations did not require modification. CONCLUSIONS: Almost half of workstations reviewed were not in compliance with current guidelines, however almost all (98%) could be brought into compliance with simple modifications. Office workers need guidance in setting up workspace and adjusting ergonomic equipment to provide comfortable and safe work settings and minimize musculoskeletal symptoms.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Terminais de Computador , Computadores , Ergonomia , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle
18.
Phys Eng Sci Med ; 44(2): 581-589, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33999394

RESUMO

An image-display application for medical liquid-crystal display (LCD) monitors called the sharpness recovery (SR) function has been developed to compensate for image sharpness as a function of deficiencies in the modulation transfer function (MTF) of a monitor. We investigated the effects of the SR function for a five-megapixel (MP) mammography LCD monitor on the resolution and noise properties of the displayed images by measuring the MTF and overall noise power spectrum (NPS), respectively. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the SR function for the 5-MP monitor in displaying subtle microcalcifications on digital mammograms was verified using a two-alternative-forced-choice sensitivity measurement as an initial application for medical image interpretation. Four radiologists compared the visibility of 45 regions of interest with a malignant microcalcification cluster shown on SR-processed and unprocessed mammograms. SR processing improved the MTF of the displayed images by approximately 40% at the Nyquist frequency of the 5-MP monitor, whereas it slightly increased the overall NPS values. All observers indicated that the fraction of cases considered to have better visibility of microcalcifications with the SR processing was significantly greater than that without the processing (averaging 82%, with the 95% confidence interval ranging from 70 to 93%). The SR processing for the 5-MP monitor yielded a significant improvement in the resolution properties of the displayed images, with a certain increase in the image noise. The SR function has the potential to improve the observer performance of radiologists, particularly when reading subtle microcalcifications reproduced on 5-MP monitors.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias , Cristais Líquidos , Terminais de Computador , Apresentação de Dados , Humanos , Mamografia
19.
Neurobiol Learn Mem ; 182: 107443, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895351

RESUMO

Translating results from pre-clinical animal studies to successful human clinical trials in neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disease presents a significant challenge. While this issue is clearly multifaceted, the lack of reproducibility and poor translational validity of many paradigms used to assess cognition in animal models are central contributors to this challenge. Computer-automated cognitive test batteries have the potential to substantially improve translation between pre-clinical studies and clinical trials by increasing both reproducibility and translational validity. Given the structured nature of data output, computer-automated tests also lend themselves to increased data sharing and other open science good practices. Over the past two decades, computer automated, touchscreen-based cognitive testing methods have been developed for non-human primate and rodent models. These automated methods lend themselves to increased standardization, hence reproducibility, and have become increasingly important for the elucidation of the neurobiological basis of cognition in animal models. More recently, there have been increased efforts to use these methods to enhance translational validity by developing task batteries that are nearly identical across different species via forward (i.e., translating animal tasks to humans) and reverse (i.e., translating human tasks to animals) translation. An additional benefit of the touchscreen approach is that a cross-species cognitive test battery makes it possible to implement co-clinical trials-an approach developed initially in cancer research-for novel treatments for neurodegenerative disorders. Co-clinical trials bring together pre-clinical and early clinical studies, which facilitates testing of novel treatments in mouse models with underlying genetic or other changes, and can help to stratify patients on the basis of genetic, molecular, or cognitive criteria. This approach can help to determine which patients should be enrolled in specific clinical trials and can facilitate repositioning and/or repurposing of previously approved drugs. This has the potential to mitigate the resources required to study treatment responses in large numbers of human patients.


Assuntos
Computadores de Mão , Transtornos Mentais/fisiopatologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/fisiopatologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Animais , Terminais de Computador , Haplorrinos , Humanos , Camundongos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tato , Pesquisa Translacional Biomédica
20.
Nature ; 591(7849): 240-245, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692559

RESUMO

Displays are basic building blocks of modern electronics1,2. Integrating displays into textiles offers exciting opportunities for smart electronic textiles-the ultimate goal of wearable technology, poised to change the way in which we interact with electronic devices3-6. Display textiles serve to bridge human-machine interactions7-9, offering, for instance, a real-time communication tool for individuals with voice or speech difficulties. Electronic textiles capable of communicating10, sensing11,12 and supplying electricity13,14 have been reported previously. However, textiles with functional, large-area displays have not yet been achieved, because it is challenging to obtain small illuminating units that are both durable and easy to assemble over a wide area. Here we report a 6-metre-long, 25-centimetre-wide display textile containing 5 × 105 electroluminescent units spaced approximately 800 micrometres apart. Weaving conductive weft and luminescent warp fibres forms micrometre-scale electroluminescent units at the weft-warp contact points. The brightness between electroluminescent units deviates by less than 8 per cent and remains stable even when the textile is bent, stretched or pressed. Our display textile is flexible and breathable and withstands repeated machine-washing, making it suitable for practical applications. We show that an integrated textile system consisting of display, keyboard and power supply can serve as a communication tool, demonstrating the system's potential within the 'internet of things' in various areas, including healthcare. Our approach unifies the fabrication and function of electronic devices with textiles, and we expect that woven-fibre materials will shape the next generation of electronics.


Assuntos
Terminais de Computador , Eletrônica/instrumentação , Têxteis , Humanos , Maleabilidade , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
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