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1.
Carbohydr Res ; 533: 108934, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37708795

RESUMO

Thio sugars are carbohydrate derivatives in which one or more oxygen atoms have been replaced with sulfur. Thio sugars are effective inhibitors of glycosylases, have considerable therapeutic potential, and are used as drugs in the treatment of diabetes and infectious diseases. The development of this branch of carbohydrate chemistry would not be possible without the development of novel methods for its synthesis and the analysis of their biochemical properties. In this Review Article, we summarize our findings on the biological properties of a collection of thio sugars and their derivatives synthesized by the Witczak and Bielski team using their original methods based on the Michael addition of sugar thiols to levoglucosenone.


Assuntos
Dissacarídeos , Tioaçúcares , Dissacarídeos/farmacologia , Dissacarídeos/química
2.
Org Lett ; 25(23): 4252-4257, 2023 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37265105

RESUMO

An efficient electrochemical dehydrogenative cross-coupling of benzylic C-H bonds with 1-thiosugars at room temperature is described. The direct S-glycosylation protocol avoids using any oxidant, which provides facile access to various glycosylated xanthene derivatives with up to 91% yield. This current electrooxidative reaction is characterized by high atom economy, high efficiency, mild reaction conditions, being environmentally benign, and excellent functional group tolerance. Moreover, preliminary mechanistic investigations reveal that the reaction involves a free radical process.


Assuntos
Tioaçúcares , Glicosilação , Tolerância a Medicamentos , Oxidantes , Xantenos
3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(47): 7279-7282, 2023 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37227142

RESUMO

In this study, we report an organocatalytic formal coupling strategy for aryl-naphthoquinones with thiosugars that provides straightforward access to the axially chiral naphthoquinone thioglycoside with excellent stereoselectivity. Mechanistic studies revealed the key role of H-bonding in stereochemical recognition. The reaction pathway involves the atroposelective addition, followed by stereoretentive oxidation of the hydroquinone intermediate.


Assuntos
Naftoquinonas , Tioglicosídeos , Tioaçúcares
4.
Carbohydr Res ; 529: 108833, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37216699

RESUMO

Monosaccharide derivatives having a double bond conjugated to a carbonyl (sugar enones or enuloses) are relevant synthetic tools. They are also suitable starting materials, or versatile intermediates, for the synthesis of a wide variety of natural or synthetic compounds with a broad spectrum of biological and pharmacological activities. The preparation of enones is mainly focused on the search for more efficient and diastereoselective synthetic methodologies. The usefulness of enuloses relies on the diverse reaction possibilities offered by alkene and carbonyl double bonds, which are prone to undergo varied reactions such as halogenation, nitration, epoxidation, reduction, addition, etc. The addition of thiol groups that led to sulfur glycomimetics, such as thiooligosaccharides, is particularly relevant. Therefore, the synthesis of enuloses and the Michael addition of sulfur nucleophiles to give thiosugars or thiodisaccharides are discussed here. Chemical modifications of the conjugate addition products to afford biologically active compounds are also reported.


Assuntos
Açúcares , Tioaçúcares , Carboidratos , Alcenos
5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(20)2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293420

RESUMO

d-Arabinofuranosyl-pyrimidine and -purine nucleoside analogues containing alkylthio-, acetylthio- or 1-thiosugar substituents at the C2' position were prepared from the corresponding 3',5'-O-silylene acetal-protected nucleoside 2'-exomethylenes by photoinitiated, radical-mediated hydrothiolation reactions. Although the stereochemical outcome of the hydrothiolation depended on the structure of both the thiol and the furanoside aglycone, in general, high d-arabino selectivity was obtained. The cytotoxic effect of the arabinonucleosides was studied on tumorous SCC (mouse squamous cell) and immortalized control HaCaT (human keratinocyte) cell lines by MTT assay. Three pyrimidine nucleosides containing C2'-butylsulfanylmethyl or -acetylthiomethyl groups showed promising cytotoxicity at low micromolar concentrations with good selectivity towards tumor cells. SAR analysis using a methyl ß-d-arabinofuranoside reference compound showed that the silyl-protecting group, the nucleobase and the corresponding C2' substituent are crucial for the cell growth inhibitory activity. The effects of the three most active nucleoside analogues on parameters indicative of cytotoxicity, such as cell size, division time and cell generation time, were investigated by near-infrared live cell imaging, which showed that the 2'-acetylthiomethyluridine derivative induced the most significant functional and morphological changes. Some nucleoside analogues also exerted anti-SARS-CoV-2 and/or anti-HCoV-229E activity with low micromolar EC50 values; however, the antiviral activity was always accompanied by significant cytotoxicity.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Nucleosídeos de Pirimidina , Tioaçúcares , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Arabinonucleosídeos/química , Arabinonucleosídeos/farmacologia , Nucleosídeos/farmacologia , Nucleosídeos/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Acetais , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Purinas , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
J Org Chem ; 87(17): 11414-11432, 2022 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35994736

RESUMO

Preparation of S-aryl thioglycosides from 1-thiosugars via S-arylation was demonstrated under mild reaction conditions. A wide range of protected and unprotected 1-thiosugars derived from glucose, glucosamine, galactose, mannose, ribose, maltose, and lactose underwent cross-coupling reactions with functionalized aryldiazonium salts in the presence of copper(I) chloride and DBU. The desired products were obtained in 55-88% yields within 5 min. Various functional groups, including halogens, were tolerated under standard reaction conditions. Synthesis of the biologically relevant antidiabetic dapagliflozin S-analogue and arbutin S-analogues (tyrosinase inhibitors) was demonstrated.


Assuntos
Cobre , Tioaçúcares , Catálise , Halogênios , Estrutura Molecular , Sais
7.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 90, 2022 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35189896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a heterogeneous cancer required combination therapy, such as photothermal therapy and chemotherapy. In recent years, cancer immunotherapies are rapidly evolving and are some of the most promising avenues to approach malignancies. Thus, the combination of the traditional therapies and immunotherapy in one platform may improve the efficacy for HCC treatment. RESULTS: In this work, we have prepared a black phosphorus (BP)-Au-thiosugar nanosheets (BATNS), in which Au-thiosugar coating and functionalization improved the stability of both black phosphorus nanosheets (BPNS) and gold ions in different simulated physiological environments. The compression of the BATNS band gap can convert more photon energy to heat generation compared with BPNS, resulting in higher photothermal conversion efficiency. The in vitro and in vivo results also revealed a stronger reduction on the hepatocellular carcinoma of mice and prolonged survival of disease models compared with BPNS. More importantly, BATNS showed an additional immune effect by increasing local NK cell infiltration but not T cell on the liver cancer treatment, and this immune effect was caused by the thermal effect of BATNS photothermal treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The novel BATNS could improve the stability of BPNS and simultaneously combine the cancer thermotherapy and immunotherapy leaded by local NK cell infiltration, resulting in a better therapeutic efficacy on hepatocellular carcinoma. This work also provided a new path to design BP-based materials for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Tioaçúcares , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Fósforo/farmacologia
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 232: 114183, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35168151

RESUMO

Glycosyl conjugation to drugs is a strategy being used to take advantage of glucose transporters (GLUT) overexpression in cancer cells in comparison with non-cancerous cells. Its extension to the conjugation of drugs to thiosugars tries to exploit their higher biostability when compared to O-glycosides. Here, we have synthesized a series of thiosugar naphthalene diimide conjugates as G-quadruplex ligands and have explored modifications of the amino sidechain comparing dimethyl amino and morpholino groups. Then, we studied their antiproliferative activity in colon cancer cells, and their antiparasitic activity in T. brucei and L. major parasites, together with their ability to bind quadruplexes and their cellular uptake and location. We observed higher toxicity for the sugar-NDI-NMe2 derivatives than for the sugar-NDI-morph compounds, both in mammalian cells and in parasites. Our experiments indicate that a less efficient binding to quadruplexes and a worse cellular uptake of the carb-NDI-morph derivatives could be the reasons for these differences. We found small variations in cytotoxicity between O-carb-NDIs and S-carb-NDIs, except against non-cancerous human fibroblasts MRC-5, where thiosugar-NDIs tend to be less toxic. This leads to a notable selectivity for ß-thiomaltosyl-NDI-NMe212 (9.8 fold), with an IC50 of 0.3 µM against HT-29 cells. Finally, the antiparasitic activity observed for the carb-NDI-NMe2 derivatives against T. brucei was in the nanomolar range with a good selectivity index in the range of 30- to 69- fold.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , Tioaçúcares , Animais , Antiparasitários/farmacologia , Humanos , Imidas/química , Imidas/farmacologia , Ligantes , Naftalenos
9.
Chem Rec ; 21(11): 3076-3086, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145726

RESUMO

Sulfur and selenium containing sugars have gained prominence in the last two decades because of their importance in several biological applications. These type of carbohydrate scaffolds are also challenging targets for synthesis. In this personal note, we have summarised the results of our investigation over the last 20 years on the use of two reagents, benzyltriethylammonium tetrathiomolybdate and tetraethylammonium tetraselenotungstate, in efficient transfer of sulfur and selenium respectively to the synthesis of a number of carbohydrate derivatives.


Assuntos
Selênio , Tioaçúcares , Indicadores e Reagentes , Molibdênio , Enxofre
10.
J Nat Med ; 75(3): 449-466, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900535

RESUMO

During our studies characterizing functional substances from food resources for the prevention and treatment of lifestyle-related diseases, we isolated the active constituents, salacinol (1) and neokotalanol (4), and related thiosugar sulfoniums, from the roots and stems of the genus Salacia plants [Celastraceae (Hippocrateaceae)] such as Salacia reticulata Wight, S. oblonga Wall., and S. chinensis L., and observed their antidiabetic effects. These plant materials have been used traditionally in Ayurvedic medicine as a specific remedy at the early stage of diabetes, and have been extensively consumed in Japan, the United States, and other countries as a food supplement for the prevention of obesity and diabetes. Here, we review our studies on the antidiabetic effects of plants from the genus Salacia, from basic chemical and pharmacological research to their application and development as new functional food ingredients.


Assuntos
Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Salacia/química , Álcoois Açúcares/farmacologia , Sulfatos/farmacologia , Tioaçúcares/farmacologia , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Japão , Ayurveda , Estrutura Molecular , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Raízes de Plantas/química , Caules de Planta/química , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
ACS Synth Biol ; 10(2): 243-251, 2021 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471506

RESUMO

Synthetic biology-based approaches have been employed to generate advanced natural product (NP) pathway intermediates to overcome obstacles in NP drug discovery and production. Type II polyketides (PK-IIs) comprise a major subclass of NPs that provide attractive structures for antimicrobial and anticancer drug development. Herein, we have assembled five biosynthetic pathways using a generalized operon design strategy in Streptomyces coelicolor M1152 to allow comparative analysis of metabolite production in an improved heterologous host. The work resulted in production of four distinct PK-II core structures, namely benzoisochromanequinone, angucycline, tetracenomycin, and pentangular compounds, which serve as precursors to diverse pharmaceutically important NPs. Our bottom-up design strategy provided evidence that the biosynthetic pathway of BE-7585A proceeds via an angucycline core structure, instead of rearrangement of an anthracycline aglycone, and led to the discovery of a novel 26-carbon pentangular polyketide. The synthetic biology platform presented here provides an opportunity for further controlled production of diverse PK-IIs in a heterologous host.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Policetídeos/metabolismo , Streptomyces coelicolor/genética , Streptomyces coelicolor/metabolismo , Genes Bacterianos , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , Naftacenos/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/genética , Tioaçúcares/metabolismo
12.
Chemistry ; 27(29): 7813-7825, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33462910

RESUMO

Fluoroalkyl-substituted carbohydrates play relevant roles in diverse areas such as supramolecular chemistry, glycoconjugation, liquid crystals, and surfactants, with direct applications as wetting, antifreeze, and coating agents. In light of these promising applications, new methodologies for the late-stage incorporation of fluoroalkyl RF groups into carbohydrates and derivatives are herein presented as they are relevant to the synthetic carbohydrate community. Previously reviewed protocols for the installation of RF groups onto carbohydrates and derivatives will be succinctly summarized in the light of the new achievements. Fluoroalkyl-substituted iminosugars, on the other hand, are also interesting glycomimetic derivatives with prominent roles as glycosidases and glycosyltransferases inhibitors, as has recently been demonstrated. Also, they positively contribute to the study of sugar-protein interactions and enzyme mechanisms. New advances in the syntheses of fluoroalkyl-substituted iminosugars will also be presented here.


Assuntos
Fluorocarbonos , Tioaçúcares , Carboidratos , Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Piranos
13.
Biomed Mater ; 16(1): 015023, 2020 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027771

RESUMO

Thiol modification of beta cyclodextrin (ß-CD) was carried out using thiourea, which served as a thiol donor. The chemical reaction was mediated using HCl. Polymer prepared via thiolation was further subjected to physicochemical and biocompatible analysis. Acute oral toxicity and compatibility was determined in albino rats. Furthermore, compressed tablets of ticagrelor (TCG) were prepared using modified and unmodified polymers and evaluated via various quality control tests. Thiolation was successfully achieved and confirmed by the FTIR scan, as a significant corresponding peak was observed at 2692 cm-1 wavenumber, demonstrating the attachment of -SH group. In vivo analysis has confirmed the safe use of ß-CD, as none of the vital organs showed any kind of toxic effects. Dissolution studies revealed that Tß-CD was able to release 96.62% of the drug within 1 h of the study, hence providing an immediate release. Conclusively, a thiol moiety was successfully attached to the polymeric backbone and was found safe to be used as a pharmaceutical excipient.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos/química , Portadores de Fármacos/síntese química , Ticagrelor/administração & dosagem , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química , beta-Ciclodextrinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/toxicidade , Portadores de Fármacos/toxicidade , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Teste de Materiais , Polímeros/síntese química , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/toxicidade , Ratos , Comprimidos , Tioaçúcares/síntese química , Tioaçúcares/química , Tioaçúcares/toxicidade , Tioureia/química , beta-Ciclodextrinas/toxicidade
14.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(3): 443-448, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115567

RESUMO

The consumption of health food products, such as Foods with Function Claims, has grown in Japan. Significant information, such as possible side effects or drug interactions, are expected to be described on the packaging to help consumers to make an informed choice about products. In this study, we checked the items described on the packaging of Foods with Function Claims containing eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and/or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), Salacinol/Fagomine/Neokotalanol, or Varyl-Tyrosine/Lactotripeptide. We found that the label information on the package have issues that need to be addressed; for example, the description about a warning for concomitant use with antithrombotic drugs was found in only 29.7% of EPA and/or DHA containing products (44 out of 148). Providing information for safe usage of products to consumers is pivotal. Therefore, improving product labeling, and further pharmaceutical support in case of taking health foods, should be considered.


Assuntos
Rotulagem de Alimentos , Alimento Funcional , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/análise , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/análise , Análise de Alimentos , Imino Piranoses/análise , Álcoois Açúcares/análise , Sulfatos/análise , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tioaçúcares/análise
15.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(4): 126904, 2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882294

RESUMO

(1-4)-Thiodisaccharides, thiosugars with the 1-4-thio bridge, were recently shown to induce oxidative stress, as well as, apoptosis in cancer cells in the low micromolar range; however, the detailed mechanism of their anticancer action still remains unknown. In order to clarify the mechanism of (1-4)- thiodisaccharides action, we performed a series of tests including cytotoxic, clonogenic and apoptosis assays using an in vitro glioma cancer model with one ATCC cell line U87 and two novel glioma cell lines derived from cancer patients - H6PX and H7PX. We also evaluated the ability of (1-4)-thiodisaccharides to interfere with protein folding and synthesis processes, as well as, the thioredoxin system. (1-4)-thiodisaccharides induced glioma cell death, which were found to be accompanied with endoplasmic reticulum stress, inhibition of global protein synthesis, reduced overall cellular thiol level and thioredoxin reductase activity. We also performed a RT-PCR and Elisa analysis of (1-4)-thiodisaccharides-treated glioma cells to identify any changes within the pathway affected by (1-4)-thiodisaccharides. We observed a significant increase of expression in key markers of endoplasmic reticulum stress and pro-apoptotic protein, FASLG. We proposed that (1-4)-thiodisaccharides react with cellular thiols and disturb any cellular thiol-depended processes like thioredoxin system or protein folding.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Tioaçúcares/química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tiorredoxina Dissulfeto Redutase/metabolismo , Tioaçúcares/metabolismo , Tioaçúcares/farmacologia
16.
J Nat Med ; 73(3): 584-588, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028661

RESUMO

The antidiabetic effects of a hot water extract of the stems of Salacia chinensis (SCE) were evaluated in vivo in ob/ob mice (genetically obese hyperglycemic mice). Administration of dietary feed containing 0.20 and 0.50% of SCE for 23 days to ob/ob mice significantly suppressed the elevation of both blood glucose and HbA1c levels, without significantly changing body weight and food intake. To characterize the antidiabetic effects of the thiosugar sulfonium constituent neokotalanol (1), which has potent α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, we performed a similar in vivo study. HbA1c levels were significantly suppressed in ob/ob mice after the administration of dietary feed containing 0.0003% of neokotalanol (1) for 20 days. These results indicate that SCE and neokotalanol (1) are potential leads for the development of novel antidiabetic agents.


Assuntos
Hemoglobinas Glicadas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Salacia/química , Tioaçúcares/farmacologia , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade , Tioaçúcares/química
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 111: 82-91, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29305216

RESUMO

In the recent decades, the interest on glycosidases has dramatically increased, mainly because these enzymes play a vital role in many biological processes. Based on the biological potential associated to these enzymes, several glycosidase inhibitors have been developed. In this review, the most important inhibitors targeting these enzymes, including the disaccharides, iminosugars, monocyclic iminosugars, bicyclic iminosugars, thiosugars and carbasugars will be discussed and special attention will be given to the ones that are currently used clinically. This review summarizes and characterizes the current knowledge regarding the classes of glycosidase inhibitors that have therapeutic potential in a wide range of diseases. It highlights the patents, relevant research and patent applications filed in the past years in the field. Since the glycosidase inhibitors are involved in several chronic diseases and possibly pandemic, the pharmaceutical research towards developing new generations of these molecules is very important to public health. Most of the glycosidase inhibitors mimics the structures of monosaccharides or oligosaccharides and are well accepted by the organisms since they benefit from privileged drug-like properties. Disaccharides, iminosugars, carbasugars and thiosugars derivatives are the most popular inhibitors among the glycosidase inhibitors.


Assuntos
Dissacarídeos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Imino Açúcares/química , Carbaçúcares/química , Carbaçúcares/uso terapêutico , Dissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Imino Açúcares/uso terapêutico , Tioaçúcares/química , Tioaçúcares/uso terapêutico
18.
Chem Asian J ; 12(24): 3114-3118, 2017 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071808

RESUMO

A controllable method for the functionalization of XantPhos Pd-G3 precatalyst with thiosugars and thiols has been established. Under mild and operationally simple reaction conditions through just mixing of precatalyst and thiosugars (α- or ß-mono-, di- and poly-thiosugar derivatives) in water at 25 °C for 20 min, a series of 1-aminobiphenyl thioglycosides that are difficult to synthesize by classical methods has been synthesized in very high yields.


Assuntos
Compostos de Aminobifenil/síntese química , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Paládio/química , Tioglicosídeos/síntese química , Tioaçúcares/química , Compostos de Aminobifenil/química , Catálise , Técnicas de Química Sintética/métodos , Fosfinas/química , Estereoisomerismo , Temperatura , Tioglicosídeos/química , Xantenos/química
19.
Carbohydr Res ; 448: 79-87, 2017 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28628891

RESUMO

6-Sulfo-6-deoxy-D-glucosamine (GlcN6S), 6-sulfo-6-deoxy-D-glucosaminitol (ADGS) and their N-acetyl and methyl ester derivatives have been synthesized and tested as inhibitors of enzymes catalyzing reactions of the UDP-GlcNAc pathway in bacteria and yeasts. GlcN6S and ADGS at micromolar concentrations inhibited glucosamine-6-phosphate (GlcN6P) synthase of microbial origin. The former was also inhibitory towards fungal GlcN6P N-acetyl transferase, but at millimolar concentrations. Both compounds and their N-acetyl derivatives exhibited antimicrobial in vitro activity, with MICs in the 0.125-2.0 mg mL-1 range. Antibacterial but not antifungal activity of GlcN6S was potentiated by D-glucosamine and a synergistic antibacterial effect was observed for combination of ADGP and a dipeptide Nva-FMDP.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/síntese química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Glucosamina/síntese química , Glucosamina/farmacologia , Tioaçúcares/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Glucosamina/química , Glucosamina/metabolismo , Glutamina-Frutose-6-Fosfato Transaminase (Isomerizante)/antagonistas & inibidores , Glutamina-Frutose-6-Fosfato Transaminase (Isomerizante)/química , Glutamina-Frutose-6-Fosfato Transaminase (Isomerizante)/metabolismo , Espaço Intracelular/metabolismo , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Conformação Proteica , Tioaçúcares/síntese química , Tioaçúcares/química , Tioaçúcares/metabolismo
20.
ACS Chem Biol ; 11(4): 1137-47, 2016 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26813028

RESUMO

Cores of aromatic polyketides are essential for their biological activities. Most type II polyketide synthases (PKSs) biosynthesize these core structures involving the minimal PKS, a PKS-associated ketoreductase (KR) and aromatases/cyclases (ARO/CYCs). Oxygenases (OXYs) are rarely involved. BE-7585A is an anticancer polyketide with an angucyclic core. (13)C isotope labeling experiments suggest that its angucyclic core may arise from an oxidative rearrangement of a linear anthracyclinone. Here, we present the crystal structure and functional analysis of BexE, the oxygenase proposed to catalyze this key oxidative rearrangement step that generates the angucyclinone framework. Biochemical assays using various linear anthracyclinone model compounds combined with docking simulations narrowed down the substrate of BexE to be an immediate precursor of aklaviketone, possibly 12-deoxy-aklaviketone. The structural analysis, docking simulations, and biochemical assays provide insights into the role of BexE in BE-7585A biosynthesis and lay the groundwork for engineering such framework-modifying enzymes in type II PKSs.


Assuntos
Policetídeo Sintases/metabolismo , Tioaçúcares/metabolismo , Conformação Molecular , Oxirredução
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