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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(6): 2317-2321, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Metacarpal fractures are one of the most common orthopedic injuries seen in emergency departments. Despite this, only a few data have been published about the epidemiology of metacarpal fractures. Simple radiographs are the standard imaging modality used to diagnose boxer fractures and determine the degree of angulation. Fractures and angulations should be identified by anteroposterior and lateral radiographs. The aim of this study was to follow the healing after closed reduction of fifth metacarpal neck fractures in a pediatric population using the QuickDASH score to determine whether it results in clinically significant improvement. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between 2020 and 2022, our clinical record database for all metacarpal fractures treated at our institution was searched retrospectively every month. Children aged 18 years and younger with fifth metacarpal neck fractures treated with closed reduction and immobilization in our tertiary care emergency clinic were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: 52 pediatric patients were included in the study. The mean age at the time of injury was 14.04 years (SD=2.10, range=10-18 years). 92.30% (n=48) of the patients were male, and 7.70% (n=4) were female. CONCLUSIONS: Accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial in the management of childhood fifth metacarpal fractures to ensure proper healing, prevent long-term complications, and facilitate optimal functional recovery.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Ossos Metacarpais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Ossos Metacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Metacarpais/lesões , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Consolidação da Fratura , Traumatismos da Mão/terapia
2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 270, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fractures of hands and feet are common in children, but relevant epidemiological studies are currently lacking. We aim to study the epidemiological characteristics of hand and foot fractures and growth plate injuries in children and provide a theoretical basis for their prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of children with hand and foot fractures who were hospitalized at Shenzhen Children's Hospital between July 2015 and December 2020. Data on demographic characteristics, fracture site, treatment method, etiology of injury, and accompanying injuries were collected. The children were divided into four age groups: infants, preschool children, school children, and adolescents. The fracture sites were classified as first-level (the first-fifth finger/toe, metacarpal, metatarsal, carpal, and tarsal) and second-level (the first-fifth: proximal phalanx, middle phalanx, distal phalanx, metacarpal, and metatarsal) sites. The changing trends in fracture locations and injury causes among children in each age group were analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, 1301 children (1561 fractures; 835 boys and 466 girls) were included. The largest number of fractures occurred in preschool children (n = 549, 42.20%), with the distal phalanx of the third finger being the most common site (n = 73, 15.57%). The number of fractures in adolescents was the lowest (n = 158, 12.14%), and the most common fracture site was the proximal phalanx of the fifth finger (n = 45, 29.61%). Of the 1561 fractures, 1143 occurred in the hands and 418 in the feet. The most and least common first-level fracture sites among hand fractures were the fifth (n = 300, 26.25%) and first (n = 138, 12.07%) fingers, respectively. The most and least common first-level foot fracture locations were the first (n = 83, 19.86%) and fourth (n = 26, 6.22%) toes, respectively. The most common first-level and second level etiologies were life related injuries (n = 1128, 86.70%) and clipping injuries (n = 428, 32.90%), respectively. The incidence of sports injuries gradually increased with age, accounting for the highest proportion in adolescents (26.58%). Hand and foot fractures had many accompanying injuries, with the top three being nail bed injuries (570 cases, 36.52%), growth plate injuries (296 cases, 18.96%), and distal severed fracture (167 cases, 10.70%). Among the 296 growth plate injuries, 246 occurred on the hands and 50 on the feet. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to previous epidemiological studies on pediatric hand and foot fractures, we mapped the locations of these fractures, including proximal, shaft, distal, and epiphyseal plate injuries. We analyzed the changing trends in fracture sites and injury etiologies with age. Hand and foot fractures have many accompanying injuries that require attention during diagnosis and treatment. Doctors should formulate accident protection measures for children of different ages, strengthen safety education, and reduce the occurrence of accidental injuries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Pé , Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Ossos Metacarpais , Fraturas Salter-Harris , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Lactente , Feminino , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas Salter-Harris/complicações , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico , Traumatismos da Mão/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Mão/etiologia , Traumatismos da Mão/terapia , Ossos Metacarpais/lesões , Traumatismos do Pé/epidemiologia , Traumatismos do Pé/etiologia , Traumatismos do Pé/terapia
4.
Bone Joint J ; 106-B(4): 387-393, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555933

RESUMO

Aims: There is a lack of published evidence relating to the rate of nonunion seen in occult scaphoid fractures, diagnosed only after MRI. This study reports the rate of delayed union and nonunion in a cohort of patients with MRI-detected acute scaphoid fractures. Methods: This multicentre cohort study at eight centres in the UK included all patients with an acute scaphoid fracture diagnosed on MRI having presented acutely following wrist trauma with normal radiographs. Data were gathered retrospectively for a minimum of 12 months at each centre. The primary outcome measures were the rate of acute surgery, delayed union, and nonunion. Results: A total of 1,989 patients underwent acute MRI for a suspected scaphoid fracture during the study period, of which 256 patients (12.9%) were diagnosed with a previously occult scaphoid fracture. Of the patients with scaphoid fractures, six underwent early surgical fixation (2.3%) and there was a total of 16 cases of delayed or nonunion (6.3%) in the remaining 250 patients treated with cast immobilization. Of the nine nonunions (3.5%), seven underwent surgery (2.7%), one opted for non-surgical treatment, and one failed to attend follow-up. Of the seven delayed unions (2.7%), one (0.4%) was treated with surgery at two months, one (0.4%) did not attend further follow-up, and the remaining five fractures (1.9%) healed after further cast immobilization. All fractures treated with surgery had united at follow-up. There was one complication of surgery (prominent screw requiring removal). Conclusion: MRI-detected scaphoid fractures are not universally benign, with delayed or nonunion of scaphoid fractures diagnosed only after MRI seen in over 6% despite appropriate initial immobilization, with most of these patients with nonunion requiring surgery to achieve union. This study adds weight to the evidence base supporting the use of early MRI for these patients.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fraturas Fechadas , Fraturas não Consolidadas , Traumatismos da Mão , Osso Escafoide , Traumatismos do Punho , Humanos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Osso Escafoide/lesões , Traumatismos do Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos do Punho/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Fechadas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Fechadas/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Traumatismos da Mão/complicações , Fraturas não Consolidadas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas não Consolidadas/cirurgia , Fraturas não Consolidadas/complicações
5.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 29(2): 134-139, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494164

RESUMO

Background: The most common types of wrist dislocation are trans-scaphoid lunate dislocation (TLD) and trans-scaphoid perilunate dislocation, in which the lunate and proximal scaphoid are dislocated through the midcarpal joint. There is another rare type of dislocation in which the proximal carpi are dislocated through the radiocarpal joint. The purpose of this study is to examine the clinical features of this type of dislocation. Methods: Six cases of the proximal carpal fracture dislocation via the radiocarpal joint were retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation with the ligament reconstruction. A Mayo wrist score was assigned to each patient based on the assessment of pain, functional status, range of motion and grip strength at the last follow-up. Clinical subjective evaluation of function and pain was assessed using the patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE) method. Results: All patients were male and injured with a median age of 33.5 years. The median follow-up period was 10 months. There were three types of dislocations: Scaphoid fracture dislocation, TLD and scaphoid-lunate dislocation. All patients had satisfactory results with an average PRWE of 7.2 ± 4.7. The preoperative VAS was 6.7 ± 1.0 and the postoperative VAS was 0.7 ± 0.7 (p < 0.01). Postoperative grip strength accounted for 89.2% ± 9.8% of the contralateral side; the Mayo wrist score averaged 90.0 ± 6.5, with four patients obtaining excellent and two good results. Conclusions: Fracture dislocation of the proximal carpal bones through the radiocarpal joint is an independent type of wrist dislocation that tends to occur in young men with high-energy impact. The wrist is most often injured in a pronation hyperextension position. If treatment is timely and appropriate, the prognosis is quite good. Level of Evidence: Level IV (Therapeutic).


Assuntos
Fratura-Luxação , Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Luxações Articulares , Osso Escafoide , Traumatismos do Punho , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Osso Escafoide/cirurgia , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos do Punho/cirurgia
6.
JBJS Case Connect ; 14(1)2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484095

RESUMO

CASE: A 23-year-old right-hand dominant man presented with a high-velocity gunshot wound injury to the right thumb with severe soft-tissue damage, vascular injury, and large osseous defect of the right thumb metacarpal. The patient was successfully treated with metacarpophalangeal joint arthrodesis and metacarpal reconstruction using definitive external fixation, an intramedullary Kirschner wire, and use of the Masquelet bone grafting technique. CONCLUSION: The authors' treatment approach for a mangled thumb injury with definitive external fixation and utilization of the Masquelet technique resulted in restoration of a large osseous defect, avoidance of infection, and limited loss of mobility.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Mão , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Fixadores Externos , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Polegar/cirurgia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia
8.
Rev Prat ; 74(2): 158-161, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415417

RESUMO

PSYCHOSOCIAL REPERCUSSIONS OF HAND INJURIES AND SUPUPORT FOR PATIENTS. There are many nonmedical factors influencing a patient's return to work. To optimize care, the practitioner must be aware of the need to go beyond the scope of their own specialty. In particular, they must be able to identify patients with psychological comorbidity and/or chronic pain, in order to direct them as early as possible towards appropriate care. They must also pay particular attention to administrative requests whether these come from the patient themselves or from their insurers. Last but not least, the decompartmentalization of professional practices and the improvement of communication between the stakeholders are essential, although very complex to implement. In the Île-de-France and Centre regions of France, two associations offer support that meets all these best practices.


RÉPERCUSSIONS PSYCHOSOCIALES DES ACCIDENTS DE LA MAIN ET ACCOMPAGNEMENT DES PATIENTS. Il existe de nombreux facteurs autres que médicaux influençant le retour à l'emploi des patients. Afin d'optimiser la prise en charge, le soignant doit avoir en tête qu'il est nécessaire de sortir du champ de sa spécialité. Il doit notamment être capable d'identifier les patients présentant une comorbidité psychique et/ou des douleurs chroniques afin de les orienter au plus tôt vers une prise en charge adaptée. Il doit également porter une attention toute particulière aux demandes administratives, qu'elles émanent du patient lui-même ou de ses assurances. Enfin, il est primordial, bien que très complexe à mettre en oeuvre, de décloisonner les pratiques professionnelles et d'améliorer la communication entre les acteurs. En Île-de-France et en région Centre, deux associations proposent un accompagnement répondant à l'ensemble de ces bonnes pratiques.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Mão , Humanos , França/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Traumatismos da Mão/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Mão/terapia
9.
Rev Prat ; 74(2): 149-153, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415415

RESUMO

SURGICAL INDICATIONS FOR HAND WOUNDS. Hand injuries are common, with potentially severe consequences. When a patient is seen in the emergency department, a lesion assessment must be carried out to distinguish between extreme emergencies such as amputation or devascularization, which require immediate treatment in a specialized centre. If there is no immediate indication of seriousness, a clinical examination, possibly combined with meticulous exploration, helps to identify the lesions. The presence of tendon, nerve or vascular damage requires surgical management in the operating theatre. Any wound that cannot be reliably explored should be managed in the operating room by a hand surgeon.


INDICATIONS CHIRURGICALES DES PLAIES DE LA MAIN. Les plaies de la main sont fréquentes, avec potentiellement des conséquences graves. Lors de la prise en charge aux urgences, le bilan lésionnel permet de distinguer les situations d'urgence extrême comme une amputation ou une dévascularisation, nécessitant une prise en charge immédiate dans un centre spécialisé. En l'absence d'éléments de gravité immédiats, l'examen clinique, éventuellement associé à une exploration méticuleuse, précise les lésions. La présence d'une atteinte tendineuse, nerveuse ou vasculaire nécessite une prise en charge chirurgicale au bloc opératoire. Toute plaie sans possibilité d'exploration fiable doit être prise en charge au bloc opératoire par un chirurgien de la main.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Mão , Humanos , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Tendões/cirurgia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Amputação Cirúrgica
10.
Rev Prat ; 74(2): 144-146, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415413

RESUMO

HAND ACCIDENT PREVENTION. Advances in surgical techniques and a better organization with SOS mains structures have improved the management of hand injuries. However, there are still too many accidents, which can lead to functional and aesthetic after-effects, as well as their socio-professional consequences. The prevention of hand injuries is therefore mandatory. It is organized with three levels: primary prevention, that aims to prevent the occurrence of the accident itself; secondary prevention, to guide and provide the best emergency care for the patient; and tertiary prevention, to avoid deprofessionalization and provide support for any physical and psychological after-effects.


PREVENTION DES ACCIDENTS DE LA MAIN. Les progrès des techniques chirurgicales et l'organisation en services SOS mains ont contribué à améliorer la prise en charge des accidents de la main. Ceux-ci restent cependant nombreux et peuvent entraîner des séquelles fonctionnelles, esthétiques et avoir des conséquences socioprofessionnelles. La prévention des accidents de la main est donc fondamentale. Elle s'organise en trois volets : la prévention primaire pour éviter la survenue de l'accident, la prévention secondaire pour orienter et prendre en charge au mieux le patient, et la prévention tertiaire afin d'éviter une déprofessionnalisation et accompagner les séquelles physiques et psychologiques éventuelles.


Assuntos
Prevenção de Acidentes , Traumatismos da Mão , Humanos , Traumatismos da Mão/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Acidentes
11.
Rev Prat ; 74(2): 154-157, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415416

RESUMO

SEVERE AND COMPLEX TRAUMATIC HAND . Serious and complex traumatic injuries of the hand are multiple tissue injuries (skin, vascular, bone and nerves), requiring urgent surgical management. They are responsible for significant functional and aesthetic sequelae. Their incidence is clearly decreasing thanks to information, prevention and security measures. The absolute emergencies are injections under pressure, amputations-devascularizations, and serious mutilations. The objective of the management is to make a functional and aesthetic hand: restoration of the opposition of the thumb with a key-pinch, a sufficient length thumb, and restoration of the sensitivity of the reconstructed hand. This calls for numerous surgical and microsurgical techniques and must be undertaken by trained teams in specialized centers.


MAIN TRAUMATIQUE GRAVE ET COMPLEXE. Les lésions traumatiques graves et complexes de la main sont des lésions tissulaires multiples (cutanées, vasculaires, osseuses et nerveuses), nécessitant une prise en charge chirurgicale urgente. Elles sont responsables de séquelles fonctionnelles et esthétiques importantes. Leur incidence est en nette diminution grâce aux mesures d'information, de prévention et de sécurité. Les principales urgences absolues sont les injections sous pression, les amputations-dévascularisations et les mutilations graves. L'objectif de la prise en charge de ces traumatismes est de rendre une main fonctionnelle et esthétique : restauration d'opposition du pouce, d'un pouce de longueur suffisante, d'une pince pollici-digitale termino-latérale, rétablissement de la sensibilité de la main reconstruite. Ceci fait appel à de nombreuses techniques chirurgicales et microchirurgicales et doit être entrepris par des équipes entraînées en centres spécialisés.


Assuntos
Amputação Traumática , Traumatismos da Mão , Traumatismo Múltiplo , Humanos , Amputação Traumática/cirurgia , Dedos do Pé/lesões , Polegar/lesões , Polegar/cirurgia , Pele , Amputação Cirúrgica , Traumatismos da Mão/diagnóstico , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2719, 2024 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302542

RESUMO

Hand-arm vibration injury is a well-known occupational disorder that affects many workers globally. The diagnosis is based mainly on quantitative psychophysical tests and medical history. Typical manifestations of hand-arm vibration injury entail episodes of finger blanching, Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) and sensorineural symptoms from affected nerve fibres and mechanoreceptors in the skin. Differences in serum levels of 17 different biomarkers between 92 patients with hand-arm vibration injury and 51 controls were analysed. Patients with hand-arm vibration injury entailing RP and sensorineural manifestations showed elevated levels of biomarkers associated with endothelial injury or dysfunction, inflammation, vaso- or neuroprotective compensatory, or apoptotic mechanisms: intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1); thrombomodulin (TM), heat shock protein 27 (HSP27); von Willebrand factor, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and caspase-3. This study adds important knowledge on pathophysiological mechanisms that can contribute to the implementation of a more objective method for diagnosis of hand-arm vibration injury.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Braço , Traumatismos da Mão , Doenças Profissionais , Doença de Raynaud , Humanos , Vibração , Mãos , Dedos/inervação , Biomarcadores
14.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 127, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341564

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To Investigate the value of 3D printed guide-assisted percutaneous management of minimally displaced scaphoid waist fractures(Herbert's B2) with delayed diagnosis or presentation. METHODS: From October 2018 to February 2022, 10 patients with established delayed diagnoses and presentation of minimally displaced scaphoid waist fractures were treated with 3D printed guides assisted with percutaneous internal fixation without bone grafting. This technique was based on the patient's preoperative CT and imported into the software. Based on Boolean subtraction, the most centralized screw placement position was identified and a customized guide was produced. Intraoperative percutaneous insertion of the guide wire was assisted by the custom guide. RESULTS: All 10 patients were successful in one attempt. The fractures healed at a mean of 7.7 weeks postoperatively (range 6-10 weeks). At a mean follow-up of 7.7 months (6-13 months), patients had excellent recovery of wrist function with minimal pain reduction. There were no major postoperative complications and the patients all returned to their previous activities before the injury. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous internal fixation based on 3D printed guides is a safe and effective technique for delayed diagnosis or presentation of patients with minimally displaced fractures of the scaphoid waist. This method allows for easy insertion of screws and avoids multiple attempts.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Osso Escafoide , Traumatismos do Punho , Humanos , Diagnóstico Tardio , Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Traumatismos do Punho/cirurgia , Parafusos Ósseos , Osso Escafoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Escafoide/cirurgia , Osso Escafoide/lesões , Impressão Tridimensional
15.
Injury ; 55(4): 111423, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38422763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of RBF (Retained Bullet Fragment) removal at the time of long bone fixation on FRI (fracture related infection) rates in low energy GSI (Gunshot Injury) related fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort Study SETTING: Level 1 Academic Trauma Center INTERVENTION: Retrospective review of the impact of RBFs on the risk of FRI when employing internal fixation in low energy GSI (Gunshot Injury) related fractures. In situations where the injury pattern requires surgical fixation, the question arises as to whether or not the RBFs need to be removed to prevent FRI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Whether or not the RBFs removed in our patient population prevented short- and long-term fracture related infection after low-energy gunshot injury (FRI-LGI). RESULTS: Of the 2,136 GSI related fractures, 131 patients met inclusion criteria, 81 patients underwent removal (R) of RBFs at the time of internal fixation while 50 patients did not undergo any removal (NR) at time of internal fixation. Among the patients who underwent surgical intervention, (Open Reduction Internal Fixation) ORIF was performed in 55 cases (R: 39; NR: 16), and (Intramedullary Nail) IMN was performed in 76 cases (R: 42; NR: 34). The overall rate of deep FRI-LGI was 6.9 % of the 131-patient cohort. We found that removal of RBFs had a statistically significant impact on the rate of deep FRI-LGI when compared to the NR group (p = 0.031). In the RBF removal group, only two patients (2.4 %) developed deep FRI-LGIs, whereas in the NR group, seven patients (14.0 %) developed deep FRI-LGIs. The incidence of early FRI-LGI was higher in the NR group (median 0.6 months) compared to the R group, which was associated with late FRI-LGIs (median 10.1 months) when they occurred. DISCUSSION: In our study population, we found a statistically significantly increased incidence of deep and early FRI-LGI when RBFs are not removed at the time of extra-articular long bone internal fixation. The presence of retained bullet fragments following internal fixation may pose a risk factor for future development of deep FRI-LGI. We believe a surgeon should use their best judgment as to whether a RBF can safely be removed at the time of long bone fixation. Based on our findings, if safely permitted, RBF removal should be considered at the time of GSI long bone fixation resulting from low energy hand gun injuries.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Cirurgiões , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Injury ; 55(4): 111397, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Power tools are essential for productivity but carry significant injury risks. Addressing power tool injuries across diverse age groups is vital, as existing research predominantly focuses on specific occupational or non-occupational groups, leaving a gap in understanding various age cohorts within the diverse American population. This study aims to comprehend power tool injury epidemiology, raising awareness about the importance of targeted safety measures for enhancing public health. METHODS: Using a ten-year retrospective approach, this study analyzed National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) data from US hospital emergency departments (2013-2022). Demographic and temporal trends were examined, and associations between injury occurrence and categorical variables, including injured body parts, gender, and race, were explored. RESULTS: In 2013, power tool injuries were highest in the "51-60″ age group (23.70 %), followed by "41-50″ (17.31 %) and "61-70″ (19.38 %). Injury rates varied across age groups over the years. Notably, the "41-50″ age group showed a significant decrease in injuries over time (χ² = 17.12, p < .05), indicating a notable temporal trend. Hand injuries were predominant (39.08 %), followed by finger (19.19 %), lower arm (11.25 %), upper arm (8.79 %), and face (4.04 %). Lacerations constituted the most frequent injury type (60.89 %), alongside fractures, amputations, foreign body insertions, and contusions/abrasions. Significant associations emerged between injury occurrence and gender (χ² = 6.19, p < .001), as well as race (χ² = 7.42, p < .001). Males accounted for the majority of injuries (95.97 %), while white individuals constituted the largest proportion (91.84 %). Females and domestic settings exhibited increasing proportions of power tool injuries. CONCLUSIONS: The higher incidence among middle-aged individuals in domestic settings, coupled with evolving gender dynamics, underscores the need for targeted safety measures. Our findings contribute crucial novel insights, emphasizing tailored preventive strategies to enhance safety outcomes in the multifaceted landscape of power tool use.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Lacerações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos da Mão/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Mão/prevenção & controle , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Lacerações/complicações , Extremidade Superior , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
17.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 186(5)2024 01 29.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327197

RESUMO

Hand injuries are common, and due to the complex functions of the hand, soft tissue defects present a surgical challenge in reconstruction. Hand defects exposing deeper structures warrant reconstruction with local flaps, but in Denmark, reconstruction surgery of the hand is routinely managed within the orthopaedic specialty alone with no plastic surgical involvement. This review aims at describing the most common local flaps of the hand and forearm and encourage to stronger collaboration between hand- and plastic surgeons in Denmark.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Mão , Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Humanos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia , Mãos , Antebraço/cirurgia
18.
Can Fam Physician ; 70(1): 16-23, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38262758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an approach for identifying, investigating, and initially managing common causes of chronic wrist pain seen by primary care practitioners. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: Relevant clinical evidence and literature were identified using the PubMed database. MAIN MESSAGE: Chronic wrist pain is a common presentation in the primary care setting. The complex anatomy of the wrist leads to a broad differential diagnosis. Elements of history, findings of physical examinations and investigations, and management relevant to the following pathologies are discussed, including scaphoid fracture nonunion, thumb carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis, scapholunate ligament instability, triangular fibrocartilage complex injuries, de Quervain tenosynovitis, extensor carpi ulnaris tendinopathy, carpal tunnel syndrome, and ganglion cysts. When evaluating chronic wrist pain, diagnostic imaging with x-ray scans can serve as an important ancillary investigation tool but should not override clinical suspicion. Advanced imaging (computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging) is generally best ordered by a hand surgeon when it will help clarify a diagnosis and guide treatment. CONCLUSION: Chronic wrist pain is a functionally limiting problem best managed with timely diagnosis and treatment. A thorough history and physical examination are the cornerstones of an effective evaluation. When diagnosis is delayed, some wrist pathologies can lead to relatively poor outcomes, such as a scaphoid fracture nonunion resulting in diffuse wrist osteoarthritis.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Osteoartrite , Osso Escafoide , Traumatismos do Punho , Adulto , Humanos , Punho , Atenção Primária à Saúde
19.
Am J Case Rep ; 25: e941518, 2024 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Fracture of the fifth metacarpal of the hand is due to trauma to the clenched fist. The non-displaced fracture can be treated by splinting and immobilization, but fracture dislocation requires individualized management to ensure the return of function. The Jahss maneuver for reduction of volar displaced metacarpal neck fractures involves flexion of the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joint at 90°, with the proximal phalanx used to reduce the metacarpal head. This report is of a 25-year-old male Italian pianist with a displaced fifth metacarpal neck fracture successfully treated by reduction using the Jahss maneuver and K-wire attachment of subchondral bone to the metacarpal. CASE REPORT A pianist presented with a trauma to his right hand due to punching a wall. Radiograph images demonstrated an angulated, displaced right fifth neck fracture. A specific approach was decided, considering the complexity of the musical movements and the patient's performance needs. After fracture's reduction by the Jahss maneuver, 2 retrograde cross-pinning K-wires were inserted at the subchondral bone of the metacarpal head. Healing under splinting was uneventful, and the K-wires were removed after 45 days. At 4 months after surgery, the patient had complete recovery of both range of motion and strength. CONCLUSIONS Our technique avoided piercing the metacarpophalangeal joint capsule, preventing extensor tendon damage, dislocation, instability, and pain and retraction of the extensor cuff. This novel mini-invasive technique successfully achieved early metacarpophalangeal joint motion, joint stability, and complete recovery of movements in all planes.


Assuntos
Fratura-Luxação , Fraturas Ósseas , Traumatismos da Mão , Ossos Metacarpais , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Ossos Metacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Metacarpais/cirurgia , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Mãos
20.
Injury ; 55(3): 111327, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38281348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand injuries are common affecting all ages, genders, and geographic regions. They can result in long term disability and mortality, while they place a significant financial burden in society. Although, hand injuries can be prevented. Preventive strategies can be designed, but knowledge of injuries' epidemiological characteristics is required beforehand. METHODS: We performed a review of the current literature related to hand injuries to identify their incidence, patients' demographics, type, mode, and time of the injury. RESULTS: Hand injuries constitute 6.6% to 28.6% of all injuries presenting to the Emergency Department and 28% of injuries to the musculoskeletal system. They mainly affect young male labourers. Occupational and home accidents are the commonest injury modalities, while traffic road accidents constitute a significant reason for hand injuries as well. Lacerations account for most hand injuries, followed by crush injuries, fractures and amputations. Most occupational injuries occur in the beginning of the week and especially during the morning shift, while there has been identified an increase in the number of hand injuries during the summer months. CONCLUSIONS: Hand injuries are an important health problem with impact on patient's life and on the society. Although they can be prevented. Preventive strategies need to be addressed towards many directions and people's activities, since prevention will have an important impact on people's quality of life and society's well-being.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Mão , Lacerações , Traumatismos Ocupacionais , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Qualidade de Vida , Traumatismos da Mão/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Mão/prevenção & controle , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/prevenção & controle , Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle , Atenção à Saúde
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