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1.
Tunis Med ; 102(6): 354-359, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38864199

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The increase in hip arthroplasties predicts a rise in periprosthetic fractures in Morocco, posing challenges for orthopedic surgeons. Therapeutic strategies vary considerably, highlighting the absence of a universally accepted treatment protocol. AIM: To analyze the management of per-prosthetic hip fractures, while addressing the challenges associated with them. METHODS: This was a retrospective study, conducted in the trauma-orthopedics department between December 2015 and November 2022. Nineteen patients who presented to the hospital with fractures around a hip prosthesis were included. RESULT: Nineteen periprosthetic fractures were observed. The majority of patients (68%) were women, with an average age of 68. The Vancouver classification showed that 52.6% of the fractures were type B1, and 21.1% type C, while the other fracture types were distributed differently. These fractures were mainly associated with diagnoses such as femoral neck fracture (63.2%) and coxarthrosis (31.6%). We observed variations in treatment recommendations and results between the different series analyzed. We noted discrepancies with certain series concerning fracture types and therapeutic choices. However, in our series, we achieved satisfactory results, with successful consolidation and the absence of complications in all patients. CONCLUSION: These results underline the importance of an individualized approach to fracture management, taking into account the specificities of each case.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Quadril , Hospitais Universitários , Fraturas Periprotéticas , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas Periprotéticas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/terapia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/cirurgia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/etiologia , Fraturas Periprotéticas/diagnóstico , Masculino , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/terapia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Traumatologia/normas , Traumatologia/métodos , Ortopedia/estatística & dados numéricos , Prótese de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto
2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(6): e2415636, 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38900427

RESUMO

Importance: There has been an emerging trend of podcast use in medical education over the past decade. With the increasing number of podcasts and learners' interest in trauma surgery, it is vital to validate the quality of these podcasts. Objective: To determine the quantity and quality of podcast episodes on trauma surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study identified trauma surgery podcasts published globally on the Google, Apple, and Spotify platforms as of May 31, 2023. An initial screening excluded podcasts not fulfilling the inclusion criteria (published as of May 31, 2023, and covering clinical knowledge or mentorship on general trauma surgery). A 10-item checklist developed from a modified Delphi consensus method was created to assess the podcasts' credibility, content, and design as indicators of quality. Data extracted from each podcast episode included the duration, setting, host and guest credentials, and fulfillment of quality indicators. Data were analyzed on August 13, 2023. Main Outcomes and Measures: The quality of each podcast was assessed using the 10-question checklist. A score of at least 80% in credibility (4 of 5 points), 75% in content (3 of 4 points), and 100% in design (1 of 1 point) was required to classify a podcast episode as having good quality. Results: The initial search identified 204 podcasts on trauma surgery, of which 55 podcasts met the inclusion criteria. All 55 podcasts were published after 2014, with the majority hosted by males (85% [61 of 72 hosts]), based in the US (91% [50 of 55 podcasts]), and focused on clinical knowledge (80% [44 of 55 podcasts]). Podcast hosts and guests predominantly held a Doctor of Medicine degree (83% [113 of 136]), with 72% [46 of 64] of guests identifying as practicing trauma surgeons. While all 55 podcasts had excellent quality in terms of content and design, 20% (11 of 55) of podcasts were rated poorly on credibility. Credibility was further reduced for 60% (33 of 55) of podcasts because of nondisclosure of conflicts of interest. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cross-sectional study of trauma surgery podcasts, most had good-quality content and design, but there was a lack of explicit conflict of interest disclosure. Content producers need to disclose their conflicts of interest appropriately to ensure credibility and improve the quality of their podcasts.


Assuntos
Traumatologia , Webcasts como Assunto , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Traumatologia/normas , Traumatologia/educação , Técnica Delphi , Cirurgia de Cuidados Críticos
3.
West J Emerg Med ; 25(3): 423-430, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38801050

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Greater lifetime exposure to psychological trauma correlates with a higher number of health comorbidities and negative health outcomes. However, physicians often are not specifically trained in how to care for patients with trauma, especially in acute care settings. Our objective was to identify implemented trauma-informed care (TIC) training protocols for emergency and/or trauma service physicians that have both sufficient detail that they can be adapted and outcome data indicating positive impact. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature search in MEDLINE (Ovid), Scopus, PsycInfo, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Ebsco's Academic Search Premier, and MedEdPORTAL. Inclusion criteria were EM and trauma service clinicians (medical doctors, physician assistants and nurse practitioners, residents), adult and/or pediatric patients, and training evaluation. Evaluation was based on the Kirkpatrick Model. Results: We screened 2,280 unique articles and identified two different training protocols. Results demonstrated the training included patient-centered communication and interprofessional collaboration. One curriculum demonstrated that targeted outcomes were due to the training (Level 4). Both curricula received overall positive reactions (Level 1) and illustrated behavioral change (Level 3). Neither were found to specifically illustrate learning due to the training (Level 2). Conclusion: Study findings from our review show a paucity of published TIC training protocols that demonstrate positive impact and are described sufficiently to be adopted broadly. Current training protocols demonstrated an increasing comfort level with the TIC approach, integration into current practices, and referrals to trauma intervention specialists.


Assuntos
Currículo , Medicina de Emergência , Humanos , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Traumatologia/educação
4.
Sportverletz Sportschaden ; 38(2): 89-99, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781978

RESUMO

Ultrasound (US) has numerous applications in sports traumatology. The technical progress of mobile US devices has led to increasing use of ultrasound as a primary diagnostic tool. New applications such as elastography and 3 D vascularization are used for special indications.The purpose of this review is to present the current status of ultrasound in the diagnosis of sports injuries and sport traumatology including established applications and new technical advances. US is presented both in its comparison to other imaging modalities and as a sole diagnostic tool.US can be used for initial diagnosis to improve the clinical examination and for intensive shortterm follow-up imaging. The main areas of application are currently the diagnosis of acute muscle and tendon injuries as well as overuse injuries. In particular, the exclusion of structural muscle injuries can be adequately ensured with US in the majority of anatomical regions. The recently published guideline on fracture ultrasound has strengthened the clinical evidence in this area, especially in comparison to conventional radiography and in the development of algorithms and standards. The increasing use of mobile ultrasound equipment with adequate image quality makes US a location-independent modality that can also be used at training sites or during road games.


Assuntos
Traumatismos em Atletas , Medicina Esportiva , Ultrassonografia , Humanos , Traumatismos em Atletas/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos dos Tendões/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatologia , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
J Surg Res ; 298: 355-363, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663262

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Over 90% of pediatric trauma deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), yet pediatric trauma-focused training remains unstandardized and inaccessible, especially in LMICs. In Brazil, where trauma is the leading cause of death for children over age 1, we piloted the first global adaptation of the Trauma Resuscitation in Kids (TRIK) course and assessed its feasibility. METHODS: A 2-day simulation-based global TRIK course was hosted in Belo Horizonte in October 2022, led by one Brazilian and four Canadian instructors. The enrollment fee was $200 USD, and course registration sold out in 4 d. We administered a knowledge test before and after the course and a postcourse self-evaluation. We recorded each simulation to assess participants' performance, reflected in a team performance score. Groups received numerical scores for these three areas, which were equally weighted to calculate a final performance score. The scores given by the two evaluators were then averaged. As groups performed the specific simulations in varying orders, the simulations were grouped into four time blocks for analysis of performance over time. Statistical analysis utilized a combination of descriptive analysis, Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, Kruskal-Wallis tests, and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. RESULTS: Twenty-one surgeons (19 pediatric, one trauma, one general) representing four of five regions in Brazil consented to study participation. Women comprised 76% (16/21) of participants. Overall, participants scored higher on the knowledge assessment after the course (68% versus 76%; z = 3.046, P < 0.001). Participants reported improved knowledge for all tested components of trauma management (P < 0.001). The average simulation performance score increased from 66% on day 1% to 73% on day 2, although this increase was not statistically significant. All participants reported they were more confident managing pediatric trauma after the course and would recommend the course to others. CONCLUSIONS: Completion of global TRIK improved surgeons' confidence, knowledge, and clinical decision-making skills in managing pediatric trauma, suggesting a standardized course may improve pediatric trauma care and outcomes in LMICs. We plan to more closely address cost, language, and resource barriers to implementing protocolized trauma training in LMICs with the aim to improve patient outcomes and equity in trauma care globally.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Brasil , Criança , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Ferimentos e Lesões/economia , Feminino , Traumatologia/educação , Masculino , Pediatria/educação , Treinamento por Simulação/economia , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Ressuscitação , Currículo
6.
Orthopadie (Heidelb) ; 53(5): 324-326, 2024 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The departure of young habilitated colleagues from their university careers reflects, on the one hand, a move away from university medicine per se and, on the other, an unwillingness to take on university management positions. In addition to the question of "How do I qualify for these positions?", the question of "Why should I aspire to such a position?" is increasingly taking centre stage when less expensive alternatives are available. In addition, there is uncertainty about the extent to which one's own achievements and qualities are sufficient to distinguish oneself clinically and scientifically in the course of one's career and thereby recommend oneself for management positions. AIMS: This is where the KUOU's Excellence Academy comes in, with the aim of identifying young colleagues with high potential for university leadership positions at an early stage, encouraging them to get to know each other, and focusing the attention and visibility of the university locations and the associated appreciation on the members of the Academy. The focus here is on ensuring that excellent colleagues benefit from the many years of experience of the members of the KUOU, receive feedback on their clinical and scientific achievements and are supported in their university career in the form of mentoring. CONCLUSION: The large number of 22 very good applications, of which 12 candidates were accepted, confirms our belief that there are excellently qualified colleagues at our sites, who are ready to take on responsibility in the future in the triad of research, teaching and patient care.


Assuntos
Ortopedia , Humanos , Academias e Institutos , Cirurgia de Cuidados Críticos , Docentes de Medicina , Traumatologia/educação , Universidades
7.
Orthopadie (Heidelb) ; 53(5): 317-323, 2024 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634951

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The field of orthopedics and trauma surgery is facing a serious shortage of new talent due to the increasing average age of active surgeons and a growing need for staff. The appeal of these specialties is declining among medical students. SOLUTIONS: This trend could be reversed by introducing practice-oriented curricula, mentoring programs, and early integration into professional societies. The quality of surgical education, especially bedside teaching, needs to be improved, as it is often compromised by a lack of time and insufficient pedagogical training of the educators. The practical year (PY) is crucial to attract students to these specialties, but data indicate that the quality of training in orthopedics and trauma surgery is inferior compared to other fields. Professional societies could enhance junior development through targeted programs. Moreover, the problem of recruitment is compounded by imbalanced gender ratios and working conditions that do not align with modern family models or efficient surgical training. There needs to be a rethinking of work scheduling and task distribution in surgery to make the profession more attractive and to ensure the quality of training.


Assuntos
Ortopedia , Traumatologia , Ortopedia/educação , Humanos , Traumatologia/educação , Escolha da Profissão , Masculino , Feminino , Alemanha , Currículo , Recursos Humanos , Cirurgia de Cuidados Críticos
11.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 91-96, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231883

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descripción y análisis de la relación entre las fracturas de húmero proximal y la lesión traumática del nervio axilar circunflejo. Material y método: Estudio prospectivo, observacional, de una serie de casos consecutivos de fracturas de extremo proximal de húmero. Se realizó valoración radiográfica, clasificando las fracturas según el sistema AO (Arbeitsgemeinshaft für Osteosynsthesefragen, Asociación de Grupo de Trabajo para el Estudio de la Fijación Interna de las Fracturas), y electromiografía (EMG) para la evaluación de la lesión del nervio axilar. Resultados: De 105 casos consecutivos de fracturas de húmero proximal, 31 pacientes cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Muestra: 86% mujeres y 14% hombres con edad media de 71,8 años (30-96 años). De los pacientes incluidos en el estudio, 58% presentó una EMG normal o leve axonotmesis, 23% presentó neuropatía del nervio axilar sin denervación muscular y 19%, lesión con denervación del nervio axilar. Los pacientes que sufrieron fracturas complejas de húmero proximal (AO11B y AO11C) tuvieron más riesgo de presentar lesiones tipo neuropatía axilar con denervación muscular en la EMG, siendo esta relación estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: Los pacientes que sufren fracturas complejas de húmero proximal (AO11B y AO11C) tienen más riesgo de presentar lesiones tipo neuropatía axilar con denervación muscular en la EMG (p < 0,001).(AU)


Objective: Description and analysis of the relation between the proximal humerus fracture patterns and the traumatic injury of the axillary nerve. Material and method: Prospective, observational study of a consecutive case series that analyzed proximal humerus fractures. Radiographic evaluation was performed, and AO (Arbeitsgemeinshaft für Osteosynsthesefragen) system was used to classify the fractures. Electromyography was used to diagnose the axillary nerve injury. Results: Thirty-one patients on 105 who had a proximal humerus fracture met inclusion criteria. Eighty-six percent of the patients included were women and 14% men. The mean age was 71.8 years (30–96 years). Of the patients included in the study, 58% had normal or mild axonotmesis EMG, 23% had axillary nerve neuropathy without muscle denervation and 19% had injury with axillary nerve denervation. Patients who suffered complex fractures of the proximal humerus (AO11B and AO11C) had a higher risk of presenting axillary neuropathy type lesions with muscle denervation in the EMG, this relationship being statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: Patients who have more risk on presenting axillary nerve neuropathy with muscle denervation in electromyography are those who present complex proximal humerus fractures AO11B and AO11C (p<0.001).(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Eletromiografia , Fraturas do Úmero , Denervação , Ferimentos e Lesões , Fraturas Ósseas , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
12.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T91-T96, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231884

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descripción y análisis de la relación entre las fracturas de húmero proximal y la lesión traumática del nervio axilar circunflejo. Material y método: Estudio prospectivo, observacional, de una serie de casos consecutivos de fracturas de extremo proximal de húmero. Se realizó valoración radiográfica, clasificando las fracturas según el sistema AO (Arbeitsgemeinshaft für Osteosynsthesefragen, Asociación de Grupo de Trabajo para el Estudio de la Fijación Interna de las Fracturas), y electromiografía (EMG) para la evaluación de la lesión del nervio axilar. Resultados: De 105 casos consecutivos de fracturas de húmero proximal, 31 pacientes cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Muestra: 86% mujeres y 14% hombres con edad media de 71,8 años (30-96 años). De los pacientes incluidos en el estudio, 58% presentó una EMG normal o leve axonotmesis, 23% presentó neuropatía del nervio axilar sin denervación muscular y 19%, lesión con denervación del nervio axilar. Los pacientes que sufrieron fracturas complejas de húmero proximal (AO11B y AO11C) tuvieron más riesgo de presentar lesiones tipo neuropatía axilar con denervación muscular en la EMG, siendo esta relación estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: Los pacientes que sufren fracturas complejas de húmero proximal (AO11B y AO11C) tienen más riesgo de presentar lesiones tipo neuropatía axilar con denervación muscular en la EMG (p < 0,001).(AU)


Objective: Description and analysis of the relation between the proximal humerus fracture patterns and the traumatic injury of the axillary nerve. Material and method: Prospective, observational study of a consecutive case series that analyzed proximal humerus fractures. Radiographic evaluation was performed, and AO (Arbeitsgemeinshaft für Osteosynsthesefragen) system was used to classify the fractures. Electromyography was used to diagnose the axillary nerve injury. Results: Thirty-one patients on 105 who had a proximal humerus fracture met inclusion criteria. Eighty-six percent of the patients included were women and 14% men. The mean age was 71.8 years (30–96 years). Of the patients included in the study, 58% had normal or mild axonotmesis EMG, 23% had axillary nerve neuropathy without muscle denervation and 19% had injury with axillary nerve denervation. Patients who suffered complex fractures of the proximal humerus (AO11B and AO11C) had a higher risk of presenting axillary neuropathy type lesions with muscle denervation in the EMG, this relationship being statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: Patients who have more risk on presenting axillary nerve neuropathy with muscle denervation in electromyography are those who present complex proximal humerus fractures AO11B and AO11C (p<0.001).(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Eletromiografia , Fraturas do Úmero , Denervação , Ferimentos e Lesões , Fraturas Ósseas , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
13.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 97-107, Mar-Abr. 2024. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231885

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: En cirugía protésica de rodilla y cadera está claro que aún no se ha desarrollado una técnica de cierre estandarizada óptima. A nivel local no existen datos que describan la práctica quirúrgica habitual en cierre de herida. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el cierre de herida en cirugía protésica a través de una encuesta sobre una muestra representativa a nivel nacional y así obtener información sobre el contexto del cierre en España. Material y método: Se conforma un grupo ad hoc de especialistas en cirugía protésica. El grupo de expertos, posterior al análisis de la literatura, elabora un cuestionario de 32 preguntas cerradas de opción múltiple, divididas en los siguientes bloques: hemostasia, cierre quirúrgico de la herida y apósitos. Resultados: Un total de 471 cirujanos respondieron la encuesta de forma completa y con información suficiente para efectuar el análisis descriptivo; 79% cree que el ácido tranexámico (ATX) puede influir en la disminución de tasa de infección de sitio quirúrgico; 96% cree que el tipo de cierre profundo a nivel de la artrotomía podría influir en los resultados y complicaciones tras prótesis de cadera y/o rodilla; 85% cree que el tipo de cierre superficial a nivel subcutáneo puede influir en los resultados y complicaciones tras prótesis de cadera y/o rodilla; 64% de los cirujanos utiliza la terapia de presión negativa incisional de simple uso para el tratamiento de las complicaciones de la herida quirúrgica (seromas, drenaje prolongado, dehiscencias). Conclusiones: Existe en nuestro entorno una alta variabilidad en el cierre de la herida y una baja inversión en formación sobre este tema. Los autores recomiendan a las diferentes sociedades científicas la inversión de recursos para mejorar la formación en dicho campo y reducir el porcentaje de cirujanos que se consideran inadecuadamente formados, así como adaptar las técnicas de cierre a aquellas consideradas patrón oro según la evidencia.(AU)


Background and objective: In orthopedic surgery, it is clear that an optimal standardized closure technique has not yet been developed. Locally, there are no objective data describing the standard surgical practice in wound closure. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical practice of surgical wound closure in orthopedic surgery by means of a survey of a representative local sample and thus obtain information on the context of closure in Spain. Method: an ad hoc group of specialists in orthopedic surgery and traumatology was formed. The group of experts, after analyzing the literature, developed a questionnaire of 32 closed multiple-choice questions divided into the following blocks: hemostasis, surgical wound closure (deep, superficial, and cutaneous), and dressings. Results: A total of 471 surgeons responded to the survey completely and with sufficient information to perform the descriptive analysis. 79% believe that ATX can influence the decrease in surgical site infection rate. 96% believe that the type of deep closure at the level of the arthrotomy could influence outcomes and complications after hip and/or knee replacements. 85% believe that the type of shallow closure at the subcutaneous level may influence outcomes and complications after hip and/or knee replacement. 64% of surgeons use single-use incisional negative pressure therapy for the treatment of surgical wound complications (seroma, prolonged drainage, dehiscence). Conclusions: There is a high level of variability in wound closure in our setting and a low level of training on the subject. The authors recommend that the different scientific societies invest resources to improve training in this field and reduce the percentage of surgeons who are considered inadequately trained, as well as adapting closure techniques to those considered gold standard according to the evidence.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cicatrização , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , /cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Espanha , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Joelho/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T97-T107, Mar-Abr. 2024. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231886

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: En cirugía protésica de rodilla y cadera está claro que aún no se ha desarrollado una técnica de cierre estandarizada óptima. A nivel local no existen datos que describan la práctica quirúrgica habitual en cierre de herida. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el cierre de herida en cirugía protésica a través de una encuesta sobre una muestra representativa a nivel nacional y así obtener información sobre el contexto del cierre en España. Material y método: Se conforma un grupo ad hoc de especialistas en cirugía protésica. El grupo de expertos, posterior al análisis de la literatura, elabora un cuestionario de 32 preguntas cerradas de opción múltiple, divididas en los siguientes bloques: hemostasia, cierre quirúrgico de la herida y apósitos. Resultados: Un total de 471 cirujanos respondieron la encuesta de forma completa y con información suficiente para efectuar el análisis descriptivo; 79% cree que el ácido tranexámico (ATX) puede influir en la disminución de tasa de infección de sitio quirúrgico; 96% cree que el tipo de cierre profundo a nivel de la artrotomía podría influir en los resultados y complicaciones tras prótesis de cadera y/o rodilla; 85% cree que el tipo de cierre superficial a nivel subcutáneo puede influir en los resultados y complicaciones tras prótesis de cadera y/o rodilla; 64% de los cirujanos utiliza la terapia de presión negativa incisional de simple uso para el tratamiento de las complicaciones de la herida quirúrgica (seromas, drenaje prolongado, dehiscencias). Conclusiones: Existe en nuestro entorno una alta variabilidad en el cierre de la herida y una baja inversión en formación sobre este tema. Los autores recomiendan a las diferentes sociedades científicas la inversión de recursos para mejorar la formación en dicho campo y reducir el porcentaje de cirujanos que se consideran inadecuadamente formados, así como adaptar las técnicas de cierre a aquellas consideradas patrón oro según la evidencia.(AU)


Background and objective: In orthopedic surgery, it is clear that an optimal standardized closure technique has not yet been developed. Locally, there are no objective data describing the standard surgical practice in wound closure. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical practice of surgical wound closure in orthopedic surgery by means of a survey of a representative local sample and thus obtain information on the context of closure in Spain. Method: an ad hoc group of specialists in orthopedic surgery and traumatology was formed. The group of experts, after analyzing the literature, developed a questionnaire of 32 closed multiple-choice questions divided into the following blocks: hemostasis, surgical wound closure (deep, superficial, and cutaneous), and dressings. Results: A total of 471 surgeons responded to the survey completely and with sufficient information to perform the descriptive analysis. 79% believe that ATX can influence the decrease in surgical site infection rate. 96% believe that the type of deep closure at the level of the arthrotomy could influence outcomes and complications after hip and/or knee replacements. 85% believe that the type of shallow closure at the subcutaneous level may influence outcomes and complications after hip and/or knee replacement. 64% of surgeons use single-use incisional negative pressure therapy for the treatment of surgical wound complications (seroma, prolonged drainage, dehiscence). Conclusions: There is a high level of variability in wound closure in our setting and a low level of training on the subject. The authors recommend that the different scientific societies invest resources to improve training in this field and reduce the percentage of surgeons who are considered inadequately trained, as well as adapting closure techniques to those considered gold standard according to the evidence.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cicatrização , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , /cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Espanha , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Joelho/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 108-120, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231887

RESUMO

Objetivos: Resultados clínicos, radiológicos y funcionales de la primera serie española de pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) asistida mediante brazo robótico Mako® (Stryker) del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) de Madrid. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que analiza los primeros 25 pacientes intervenidos de ATC asistida por robot (ATCaR) en el HCSC, con un seguimiento mínimo de 4meses. Se evaluaron la demografía, los estudios de imagen (procesamiento Mako®, Rx y TAC), los parámetros clínicos, la funcionalidad (Harris modificada) y las complicaciones asociadas. Resultados: La edad media fue 67,2años (min 47, max 88), siendo el 56% varones. El 88% corresponden a coxartrosis primaria, el 4% postraumática, el 4% secundaria a NAV y el 4% secundaria a choque femoroacetabular. El tiempo medio de cirugía fue de 116,9minutos (min 92, max 150). La media de las cinco primeras intervenciones fue 122,6minutos, y la de las cinco últimas, de 108,2minutos. Como complicaciones intraoperatorias se cuantificaron 4 pérdidas de marcadores intraoperatorios. El tiempo de ingreso medio fue 4,4días (min 3, max 7), con una disminución de hemoglobina posquirúrgica media de 3,08±1,08g/dl, requiriendo transfusión en el 12% de los casos. Se registran tres complicaciones médicas durante el ingreso, destacando un síndrome confusional con caída y fractura periprotésica AG1 no desplazada. El análisis del posicionamiento de los implantes registrados con sistema Mako® fueron 40,55±1,53 grados de inclinación y 12,2±3,6 grados de anteversión acetabular. El estudio de imagen posquirúrgico realizado a los pacientes, en concordancia con Mako®, muestra valores de inclinación acetabular de 41,2±1,7 en Rx y versión acetabular de 16±4,6 en TAC. La discrepancia de longitud de cadera varía de valores preoperatorios de −3,91mm (DE: 3,9; min −12, max 3) a 1,29mm (DE: 1,96) tras la cirugía registrados con Mako...(AU)


Objectives: Clinical, radiological and functional results of the first Spanish series of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty assisted by Mako® (Stryker) robotic arm at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) in Madrid. Material and methods: Prospective and descriptive study analyzing the first 25 patients who underwent robotic-assisted THA at the HCSC, with a minimum follow-up of 4months. Demographics, imaging studies (Mako® processing, Rx and CT), clinical parameters, functionality (modified Harris) and associated complications were evaluated. Results: Average age was 67.2years (min 47, max 88), being 56% male population sample. 88% involves primary coxarthrosis, 4% post-traumatic coxarthrosis, 4% secondary avascular necrosis and 4% secondary femoroacetabular impingement. Average surgery time was 116.9min (min 92, max 150). The average time of the first five surgeries was 122.6min, and, regarding the last five interventions, it was 108.2min. Found medical intraoperative complications were four intraoperative markers loss. Average admission time was 4.4days (min 3, max 7), with an average postoperative hemoglobin decrease of 3.08±1.08g/dL, requiring a transfusion in 12% of the cases. Three medical complications have been registered in the meantime of the admission, with a relevant case of a confusional syndrome and a fall, which resulted in a non-displaced AG1 periprosthetic fracture. The analysis of the positioning of registered implants with Mako® system shows 40.55±1.53 acetabular inclination degrees and 12.2±3.6 acetabular anteversion degrees. The postoperative image study carried out on patients, are consistent with Mako® s results, as it shows an acetabular inclination of 41.2±1.7 in Rx, as well as acetabular anteversion of 16±4.6 in CT. Hip length variance ranges depending on preoperative values of 3.91mm (SD: 3.9; min −12, max 3) to 1.29mm (SD: 1.96) after surgery registered with...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Fraturas do Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Espanha , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Traumatologia
16.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T108-T120, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231888

RESUMO

Objetivos: Resultados clínicos, radiológicos y funcionales de la primera serie española de pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) asistida mediante brazo robótico Mako® (Stryker) del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) de Madrid. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que analiza los primeros 25 pacientes intervenidos de ATC asistida por robot (ATCaR) en el HCSC, con un seguimiento mínimo de 4meses. Se evaluaron la demografía, los estudios de imagen (procesamiento Mako®, Rx y TAC), los parámetros clínicos, la funcionalidad (Harris modificada) y las complicaciones asociadas. Resultados: La edad media fue 67,2años (min 47, max 88), siendo el 56% varones. El 88% corresponden a coxartrosis primaria, el 4% postraumática, el 4% secundaria a NAV y el 4% secundaria a choque femoroacetabular. El tiempo medio de cirugía fue de 116,9minutos (min 92, max 150). La media de las cinco primeras intervenciones fue 122,6minutos, y la de las cinco últimas, de 108,2minutos. Como complicaciones intraoperatorias se cuantificaron 4 pérdidas de marcadores intraoperatorios. El tiempo de ingreso medio fue 4,4días (min 3, max 7), con una disminución de hemoglobina posquirúrgica media de 3,08±1,08g/dl, requiriendo transfusión en el 12% de los casos. Se registran tres complicaciones médicas durante el ingreso, destacando un síndrome confusional con caída y fractura periprotésica AG1 no desplazada. El análisis del posicionamiento de los implantes registrados con sistema Mako® fueron 40,55±1,53 grados de inclinación y 12,2±3,6 grados de anteversión acetabular. El estudio de imagen posquirúrgico realizado a los pacientes, en concordancia con Mako®, muestra valores de inclinación acetabular de 41,2±1,7 en Rx y versión acetabular de 16±4,6 en TAC. La discrepancia de longitud de cadera varía de valores preoperatorios de −3,91mm (DE: 3,9; min −12, max 3) a 1,29mm (DE: 1,96) tras la cirugía registrados con Mako...(AU)


Objectives: Clinical, radiological and functional results of the first Spanish series of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty assisted by Mako® (Stryker) robotic arm at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) in Madrid. Material and methods: Prospective and descriptive study analyzing the first 25 patients who underwent robotic-assisted THA at the HCSC, with a minimum follow-up of 4months. Demographics, imaging studies (Mako® processing, Rx and CT), clinical parameters, functionality (modified Harris) and associated complications were evaluated. Results: Average age was 67.2years (min 47, max 88), being 56% male population sample. 88% involves primary coxarthrosis, 4% post-traumatic coxarthrosis, 4% secondary avascular necrosis and 4% secondary femoroacetabular impingement. Average surgery time was 116.9min (min 92, max 150). The average time of the first five surgeries was 122.6min, and, regarding the last five interventions, it was 108.2min. Found medical intraoperative complications were four intraoperative markers loss. Average admission time was 4.4days (min 3, max 7), with an average postoperative hemoglobin decrease of 3.08±1.08g/dL, requiring a transfusion in 12% of the cases. Three medical complications have been registered in the meantime of the admission, with a relevant case of a confusional syndrome and a fall, which resulted in a non-displaced AG1 periprosthetic fracture. The analysis of the positioning of registered implants with Mako® system shows 40.55±1.53 acetabular inclination degrees and 12.2±3.6 acetabular anteversion degrees. The postoperative image study carried out on patients, are consistent with Mako® s results, as it shows an acetabular inclination of 41.2±1.7 in Rx, as well as acetabular anteversion of 16±4.6 in CT. Hip length variance ranges depending on preoperative values of 3.91mm (SD: 3.9; min −12, max 3) to 1.29mm (SD: 1.96) after surgery registered with...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Fraturas do Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Espanha , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Traumatologia
17.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T121-T127, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231890

RESUMO

Objetivos: Resultados clínicos, radiológicos y funcionales de la primera serie española de pacientes intervenidos de artroplastia total de cadera (ATC) asistida mediante brazo robótico Mako® (Stryker) del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) de Madrid. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo prospectivo que analiza los primeros 25 pacientes intervenidos de ATC asistida por robot (ATCaR) en el HCSC, con un seguimiento mínimo de 4meses. Se evaluaron la demografía, los estudios de imagen (procesamiento Mako®, Rx y TAC), los parámetros clínicos, la funcionalidad (Harris modificada) y las complicaciones asociadas. Resultados: La edad media fue 67,2años (min 47, max 88), siendo el 56% varones. El 88% corresponden a coxartrosis primaria, el 4% postraumática, el 4% secundaria a NAV y el 4% secundaria a choque femoroacetabular. El tiempo medio de cirugía fue de 116,9minutos (min 92, max 150). La media de las cinco primeras intervenciones fue 122,6minutos, y la de las cinco últimas, de 108,2minutos. Como complicaciones intraoperatorias se cuantificaron 4 pérdidas de marcadores intraoperatorios. El tiempo de ingreso medio fue 4,4días (min 3, max 7), con una disminución de hemoglobina posquirúrgica media de 3,08±1,08g/dl, requiriendo transfusión en el 12% de los casos. Se registran tres complicaciones médicas durante el ingreso, destacando un síndrome confusional con caída y fractura periprotésica AG1 no desplazada. El análisis del posicionamiento de los implantes registrados con sistema Mako® fueron 40,55±1,53 grados de inclinación y 12,2±3,6 grados de anteversión acetabular. El estudio de imagen posquirúrgico realizado a los pacientes, en concordancia con Mako®, muestra valores de inclinación acetabular de 41,2±1,7 en Rx y versión acetabular de 16±4,6 en TAC. La discrepancia de longitud de cadera varía de valores preoperatorios de −3,91mm (DE: 3,9; min −12, max 3) a 1,29mm (DE: 1,96) tras la cirugía registrados con Mako...(AU)


Objectives: Clinical, radiological and functional results of the first Spanish series of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty assisted by Mako® (Stryker) robotic arm at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos (HCSC) in Madrid. Material and methods: Prospective and descriptive study analyzing the first 25 patients who underwent robotic-assisted THA at the HCSC, with a minimum follow-up of 4months. Demographics, imaging studies (Mako® processing, Rx and CT), clinical parameters, functionality (modified Harris) and associated complications were evaluated. Results: Average age was 67.2years (min 47, max 88), being 56% male population sample. 88% involves primary coxarthrosis, 4% post-traumatic coxarthrosis, 4% secondary avascular necrosis and 4% secondary femoroacetabular impingement. Average surgery time was 116.9min (min 92, max 150). The average time of the first five surgeries was 122.6min, and, regarding the last five interventions, it was 108.2min. Found medical intraoperative complications were four intraoperative markers loss. Average admission time was 4.4days (min 3, max 7), with an average postoperative hemoglobin decrease of 3.08±1.08g/dL, requiring a transfusion in 12% of the cases. Three medical complications have been registered in the meantime of the admission, with a relevant case of a confusional syndrome and a fall, which resulted in a non-displaced AG1 periprosthetic fracture. The analysis of the positioning of registered implants with Mako® system shows 40.55±1.53 acetabular inclination degrees and 12.2±3.6 acetabular anteversion degrees. The postoperative image study carried out on patients, are consistent with Mako® s results, as it shows an acetabular inclination of 41.2±1.7 in Rx, as well as acetabular anteversion of 16±4.6 in CT. Hip length variance ranges depending on preoperative values of 3.91mm (SD: 3.9; min −12, max 3) to 1.29mm (SD: 1.96) after surgery registered with...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Artroplastia de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Fraturas do Quadril , Quadril/cirurgia , Espanha , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Traumatologia
18.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 142-150, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231895

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una entidad poco frecuente (<1%) de las lesiones traumáticas del pie. Se produce una pérdida de relación anatómica entre astrágalo, calcáneo y escafoides. Solo hay pequeñas series publicadas. Material y métodos: Presentamos los casos de una serie de pacientes (N=13) con luxaciones periastragalinas en los que se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las principales variables epidemiológicas, clínicas y radiológicas, a partir de las cuales se propone un algoritmo de tratamiento urgente. Se excluyeron los casos con fracturas del cuello del astrágalo, cuerpo del calcáneo o fracturas-luxación de Chopart aisladas. Resultados: La mediana de edad fue de 48,5 años con predominio del sexo masculino (69,23%). Cinco pacientes sufrieron caídas-entorsis sobre el tobillo y los 8 restantes mecanismos de alta energía. Las luxaciones mediales (9) predominaron sobre las laterales (4). Además, 4 pacientes presentaron luxaciones abiertas, 2 de ellas tipo IIIC que precisaron amputación. Se solicitó TC en un 76,93% de pacientes y 10 presentaron lesiones óseas asociadas del pie. Se realizó cirugía mediante reducción abierta en todas las lesiones abiertas y en un caso en el que fracasó la reducción cerrada. Cinco pacientes precisaron fijador externo tipo delta. Se objetivó esclerosis subcondral articular en un 77,77% de los casos; si bien solo uno precisó artrodesis subtalar. Conclusiones: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una urgencia traumatológica y precisan una reducción precoz e inmovilización posterior. La fijación externa temporal transarticular es una buena opción de inmovilización en luxaciones abiertas. Son lesiones graves con alta probabilidad de artrosis precoz.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Subtalar dislocations are a rare entity (<1%) in traumatic foot injuries. There is a loss of anatomical relationship between the talus, calcaneus and scaphoid. There are only small-published series. Material and methods: We present a series of patients (N=13) with subtalar dislocations in which a descriptive analysis of the main epidemiological, clinical and radiological variables was carried out, from which an urgent treatment algorithm is proposed. Cases with fractures of the neck of the talus, body of the calcaneus, or isolated Chopart fracture-dislocations were excluded. Results: The median age was 48.5 years with a predominance of males (69.23%). Five patients suffered falls or sprained ankles and the other eight suffered high-energy mechanisms. The medial dislocations (nine) predominated over the lateral ones (four). In addition, four patients presented open dislocations, two of them type IIIC that required amputation. CT scans were requested in 76.93% of patients and 10 presented associated bone lesions of the foot. Open reduction surgery was performed in all open lesions and in one case in which closed reduction failed. Five patients required a delta-type external fixator. Subchondral articular sclerosis was observed in 77.77% of cases; although only one required subtalar arthrodesis. Conclusions: Subtalar dislocations are a traumatic emergency that require early reduction and subsequent immobilization. Transarticular temporary external fixation is a good immobilization option in open dislocations. They are serious lesions with a high probability of early osteoarthritis.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tálus , Luxações Articulares , Osteoartrite , Articulação Talocalcânea , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
19.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T142-T150, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231896

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una entidad poco frecuente (<1%) de las lesiones traumáticas del pie. Se produce una pérdida de relación anatómica entre astrágalo, calcáneo y escafoides. Solo hay pequeñas series publicadas. Material y métodos: Presentamos los casos de una serie de pacientes (N=13) con luxaciones periastragalinas en los que se realizó un análisis descriptivo de las principales variables epidemiológicas, clínicas y radiológicas, a partir de las cuales se propone un algoritmo de tratamiento urgente. Se excluyeron los casos con fracturas del cuello del astrágalo, cuerpo del calcáneo o fracturas-luxación de Chopart aisladas. Resultados: La mediana de edad fue de 48,5 años con predominio del sexo masculino (69,23%). Cinco pacientes sufrieron caídas-entorsis sobre el tobillo y los 8 restantes mecanismos de alta energía. Las luxaciones mediales (9) predominaron sobre las laterales (4). Además, 4 pacientes presentaron luxaciones abiertas, 2 de ellas tipo IIIC que precisaron amputación. Se solicitó TC en un 76,93% de pacientes y 10 presentaron lesiones óseas asociadas del pie. Se realizó cirugía mediante reducción abierta en todas las lesiones abiertas y en un caso en el que fracasó la reducción cerrada. Cinco pacientes precisaron fijador externo tipo delta. Se objetivó esclerosis subcondral articular en un 77,77% de los casos; si bien solo uno precisó artrodesis subtalar. Conclusiones: Las luxaciones periastragalinas son una urgencia traumatológica y precisan una reducción precoz e inmovilización posterior. La fijación externa temporal transarticular es una buena opción de inmovilización en luxaciones abiertas. Son lesiones graves con alta probabilidad de artrosis precoz.(AU)


Introduction and objectives: Subtalar dislocations are a rare entity (<1%) in traumatic foot injuries. There is a loss of anatomical relationship between the talus, calcaneus and scaphoid. There are only small-published series. Material and methods: We present a series of patients (N=13) with subtalar dislocations in which a descriptive analysis of the main epidemiological, clinical and radiological variables was carried out, from which an urgent treatment algorithm is proposed. Cases with fractures of the neck of the talus, body of the calcaneus, or isolated Chopart fracture-dislocations were excluded. Results: The median age was 48.5 years with a predominance of males (69.23%). Five patients suffered falls or sprained ankles and the other eight suffered high-energy mechanisms. The medial dislocations (nine) predominated over the lateral ones (four). In addition, four patients presented open dislocations, two of them type IIIC that required amputation. CT scans were requested in 76.93% of patients and 10 presented associated bone lesions of the foot. Open reduction surgery was performed in all open lesions and in one case in which closed reduction failed. Five patients required a delta-type external fixator. Subchondral articular sclerosis was observed in 77.77% of cases; although only one required subtalar arthrodesis. Conclusions: Subtalar dislocations are a traumatic emergency that require early reduction and subsequent immobilization. Transarticular temporary external fixation is a good immobilization option in open dislocations. They are serious lesions with a high probability of early osteoarthritis.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tálus , Luxações Articulares , Osteoartrite , Articulação Talocalcânea , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
20.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 151-158, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231897

RESUMO

Introducción: La lesión medular tipo SCIWORA es una entidad clínica con baja incidencia y alta repercusión funcional. El objetivo del estudio es la descripción epidemiológica de esta lesión y su evolución funcional con un seguimiento medio de 10 años. Material y métodos: Estudio analítico, longitudinal, de cohortes ambispectivo. Fueron evaluados 13 pacientes con el diagnóstico de SCIWORA en el periodo de estudio 2001-2022. Variables evaluadas: edad, sexo, días hasta la lesión medular, causa de lesión, imagen medular en la RM postraumatismo, nivel neurológico de lesión, ASIA ingreso/alta/5 años, SCIM III ingreso/alta/3 años, tipo de tratamiento empleado, empleo de terapia NASCIS III ingreso, tiempo de hospitalización, seguimiento medio. En octubre del 2022 fueron nuevamente evaluados en consultas externas mediante: cuestionario de discapacidad cervical (NDI)/Oswestry y cuestionario de calidad de vida validado en castellano para lesionados medulares (SV-QLI/SCI). Resultados: La mediana de edad fue de 4 años, 77% varones. El 54% de las lesiones corresponden a nivel cervical. El ASIA al ingreso fue del 31% A y del 31% C, nivel neurológico: C2 (22%) y T10 (15%), tráfico como causa de lesión (77%), SCIM III ingreso/alta: 28,5/42. La estancia media hospitalaria fue de 115 días. NDI: 11,6 y Oswestry: 15,3. Conclusión: El 77% de los SCIWORA se producen en menores de 8 años. Al año del alta hospitalaria un 31% de los pacientes fueron catalogados como ASIA D y a los 5 años el porcentaje se mantiene constante. No se encontraron diferencias significativas entre la causa de la lesión y tipo de alteración en RM (p = 0,872), ni entre la edad y el tipo de lesión medular objetivada en RM (p = 0,149).(AU)


Introduction: SCIWORA has a low incidence but a high functional repercussion. The aim of the present study was to characterize the epidemiology of this clinical-radiological condition and evaluate functional outcome with a mean of 10-years follow-up. Material and methods: Observational, longitudinal ambispective cohort study. Thirteen SCIWORA patients were admitted in the study period. Demographics, mechanism of injury, spinal cord MRI findings, neurological level of injury, time to SCI, neurological status (AIS) at admission/discharge/5 years, spinal cord independence measure (SCIM III) scale at admission and discharge, hospital length of stay and mean follow-up were recorded. On October 2022 patients were re-evaluated using NDI, Oswestry, and SV-QLI/SCI. Results: Median age was 4 years. The study population for this investigation was mostly men (77%). 54% of level of injury correspond to cervical spine. AIS at admission was A (31%) and C (31%). Neurological level of injury was C2 (22%) and T10 (15%). Motor vehicle-related injury was the most prevalent mechanism of injury (77%), SCIM III scale at admission and discharge: 28.5/42, hospital length of stay was 115 days. The NDI was 11.6, Oswestry: 15.3 and SV-QLI/SCI: 17. Conclusions: Seventy-seven percent of SCIWORA patients was detected under 8 years-old. At 1 year follow-up after discharge 31% patients were AIS grade D and with 5 years follow-up the percentage remain constant. No statistically significant differences in the mechanism of injury and MRI findings (P = 0.872), age and MRI spinal cord findings (P = 0.149) were found in SCIWORA patients.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Traumatologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos de Coortes , Pediatria
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