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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(15): e37473, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608120

RESUMO

Chronic renal failure (CRF) causes a reduction in glomerular filtration rate and damage to renal parenchyma. Fushengong decoction (FSGD) showed improvement in renal function in CRF rats. This study aims to analyze the differentially expressed proteins in CRF patients treated with Western medicine alone or in combination with FSGD. Sixty patients with CRF recruited from Yongchuan Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital affiliated to Chongqing Medical University were randomly assigned into control (treated with Western medicine alone) and observation groups (received additional FSGD treatment thrice daily for 8 weeks). The clinical efficacy and changes in serum Bun, serum creatinine, Cystatin C, and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1) before and after treatment were observed. We employed isotope relative labeling absolute quantification labeling and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to identify differentially expressed proteins and carried out bioinformatics Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses. Patients in the observation group showed greater clinical improvement and lower levels of serum Bun, serum creatinine, Cyc-c, and TGF-ß1 than the control group. We identified 32 differentially up-regulated and 52 down-regulated proteins in the observation group. These proteins are involved in the blood coagulation system, protein serine/threonine kinase activity, and TGF-ß, which are closely related to the pathogenesis of CRF. Protein-protein-interaction network analysis indicated that candidate proteins fibronectin 1, fibrinogen alpha chain, vitronectin, and Serpin Family C Member 1 were in the key nodes. This study provided an experimental basis suggesting that FSGD combined with Western medicine could significantly improve renal function and renal fibrosis of CRF patients, which may be through the regulation of fibronectin 1, fibrinogen alpha chain, vitronectin, Serpin Family C Member 1, TGF-ß, and the complement coagulation pathway (see Graphical abstract S1, Supplemental Digital Content, http://links.lww.com/MD/L947).


Assuntos
Falência Renal Crônica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Serpinas , Humanos , Animais , Ratos , Fibronectinas , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Vitronectina , Creatinina , Falência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Fibrinogênio
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(2)2024 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38256088

RESUMO

Candida albicans and other closely related pathogenic yeast-like fungi carry on their surface numerous loosely adsorbed "moonlighting proteins"-proteins that play evolutionarily conserved intracellular functions but also appear on the cell surface and exhibit additional functions, e.g., contributing to attachment to host tissues. In the current work, we characterized this "moonlighting" role for glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH, EC 1.2.1.12) of C. albicans and Nakaseomyces glabratus. GAPDH was directly visualized on the cell surface of both species and shown to play a significant part in the total capacity of fungal cells to bind two selected human host proteins-vitronectin and plasminogen. Using purified proteins, both host proteins were found to tightly interact with GAPDH, with dissociation constants in an order of 10-8 M, as determined by bio-layer interferometry and surface plasmon resonance measurements. It was also shown that exogenous GAPDH tightly adheres to the surface of candidal cells, suggesting that the cell surface location of this moonlighting protein may partly result from the readsorption of its soluble form, which may be present at an infection site (e.g., due to release from dying fungal cells). The major dedicated adhesins, covalently bound to the cell wall-agglutinin-like sequence protein 3 (Als3) and epithelial adhesin 6 (Epa6)-were suggested to serve as the docking platforms for GAPDH in C. albicans and N. glabratus, respectively.


Assuntos
Candida albicans , Proteínas Fúngicas , Gliceraldeído-3-Fosfato Desidrogenases , Humanos , Gliceraldeído-3-Fosfato Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Plasminogênio/metabolismo , Vitronectina/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo
3.
J Struct Biol ; 216(1): 108061, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38185342

RESUMO

The low sensitivity of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a major bottleneck for studying biomolecular structures of complex biomolecular assemblies. Cryogenically cooled probe technology overcomes the sensitivity limitations enabling NMR applications to challenging biomolecular systems. Here we describe solid-state NMR studies of the human blood protein vitronectin (Vn) bound to hydroxyapatite (HAP), the mineralized form of calcium phosphate, using a CryoProbe designed for magic angle spinning (MAS) experiments. Vn is a major blood protein that regulates many different physiological and pathological processes. The high sensitivity of the CryoProbe enabled us to acquire three-dimensional solid-state NMR spectra for sequential assignment and characterization of site-specific water-protein interactions that provide initial insights into the organization of the Vn-HAP complex. Vn associates with HAP in various pathological settings, including macular degeneration eyes and Alzheimer's disease brains. The ability to probe these assemblies at atomic detail paves the way for understanding their formation.


Assuntos
Durapatita , Vitronectina , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular/métodos
4.
Cornea ; 43(3): 378-386, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38015979

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to extensively evaluate the efficacy of integrin αvß3 antagonists for the treatment of experimental dry eye (EDE). METHODS: Vitronectin, an αvß3 ligand, was used to induce tumor necrosis factor-α gene expression in human THP-1 macrophages. To induce EDE, C57BL/6 mice were housed in a low-humidity controlled environment chamber and injected subcutaneously with scopolamine for 7 days. Subsequently, αvß3 antagonists, including RGDfD, c(RGDfD), c(RGDiD), c(RGDfK), ATN-161, SB273005, and cilengitide, were administered topically to EDE animals under controlled environment chamber conditions. Corneal epithelial damage in EDE was assessed by fluorescein staining. The density of conjunctival goblet cells and secretion of tears was measured by period acid-Schiff staining and phenol red-impregnated cotton threads, respectively. Inflammation markers, including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-17A, and metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, in the pooled cornea and conjunctiva tissues were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The inhibitory effects of αvß3 antagonists on the vitronectin-induced tumor necrosis factor-α gene expression and integrin-mediated inflammatory signaling were validated in THP-1 macrophages. αvß3 antagonists ameliorated the impairment of the corneal epithelial barrier with varying therapeutic efficacies, compared with vehicle-treated mice. c(RGDfD) and c(RGDiD) significantly protected against goblet cell loss, tear reduction, and proinflammatory gene expression in EDE. CONCLUSIONS: Topical applications of αvß3 antagonists yield therapeutic benefits in EDE by promoting corneal epithelial defect healing and reducing inflammation. Antagonistic targeting αvß3 may be a novel promising strategy to treat patients with dry eye disease.


Assuntos
Síndromes do Olho Seco , Integrina alfaVbeta3 , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Integrina alfaVbeta3/metabolismo , Integrina alfaVbeta3/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Vitronectina/metabolismo , Vitronectina/farmacologia , Vitronectina/uso terapêutico , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Síndromes do Olho Seco/metabolismo , Lágrimas/metabolismo , Túnica Conjuntiva/patologia , Córnea/patologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças
5.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 257: 247-253, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37757996

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Retinal drusen have been described in people with IgA nephropathy. We examined the frequency of drusen in IgA nephropathy and compared their location and composition with those for drusen in age-related macular degeneration. DESIGN: Immunohistological case series of eyes of patients with IgA nephropathy, and a comparison eye with age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: Donor eyes from 4 individuals (3 male, 1 female, aged 40-80 years) with biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy and kidney failure were examined for the presence of drusen, and location and composition using antibodies for vitronectin, IgA, IgM, IgG, C3, and C1q. Results were compared with those for drusen in macular degeneration without IgA nephropathy. RESULTS: All 4 donors had sparse, subretinal pigment epithelium drusen of 55-65 mm diameter that stained for vitronectin but not for IgA or complement. All donors had retinal capillaries and choriocapillaris staining for IgA. The youngest donor (female, 40) had rare deposits in the outer nuclear layer that stained for IgA, but not for vitronectin. The oldest donor (male, 82) had large cystlike spaces in the inner nuclear and plexiform layers, and smaller cysts in the outer nuclear layer, with no staining for IgA or complement. CONCLUSIONS: Retinal drusen are uncommon in IgA nephropathy, even with kidney failure. Drusen in IgA nephropathy resemble drusen found in age-related macular degeneration. IgA-staining deposits in the outer nuclear layer were likely due to systemic deposition of IgA and complement activation. The nature of cystic spaces is unknown. Further analysis of the retinas of people with glomerulonephritis is recommended.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA , Degeneração Macular , Insuficiência Renal , Drusas Retinianas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Drusas Retinianas/diagnóstico , Drusas Retinianas/patologia , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/complicações , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/diagnóstico , Vitronectina , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Imunoglobulina A
6.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 69(9): e20230563, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37729377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the second-trimester levels of vitronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study was conducted between September 2020 and December 2020 at the University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Research and Training Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. A total of 30 pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus and 60 healthy controls between 24 and 27/6 weeks of gestation were included. The inclusion criteria were as follows: being between 18 and 45 years old and 24-27/6 gestational weeks, having singleton pregnancy, diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus by using a two-step challenge test. The exclusion criteria of this study were as follows: chronic inflammatory or infectious disease, fasting blood glucose>126 mg/dL, intolerance to glucose tolerance testing, abnormal liver or kidney function tests, as well as pregnancy with pre-gestational diabetes history of adverse perinatal outcomes. Serum vitronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. RESULTS: Vitronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 levels were higher in the gestational diabetes mellitus group compared with controls [91.85 (23.08) vs. 80.10 (39.18) ng/mL, for vitronectin and 6.50 (1.05) vs. 4.35(1.0) ng/mL, for plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (for both p<0.001)]. vitronectin >84.7 ng/mL was found to predict gestational diabetes mellitus with a sensitivity of 70% and specificity of 63.3%. Moreover, vitronectin had a significant positive correlation with fasting blood glucose (r=0.476, p<0.001), postprandial blood glucose (r=0.489, p<0.001), HbA1c (r=0.713, p<0.001), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (r=0.586, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: This study revealed that second-trimester vitronectin and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 are increased in gestational diabetes mellitus and vitronectin could be a candidate for the prediction of gestational diabetes mellitus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Gestacional , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vitronectina , Glicemia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Teste de Esforço
7.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 15062, 2023 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37700192

RESUMO

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have unique abilities that enable their use in cell therapy, disease modeling, and drug development. Their derivation is usually performed using a feeder layer, which is undefined and can potentially cause a contamination by xeno components, therefore there is a tendency to replace feeders with xeno-free defined substrates in recent years. Three hESC lines were successfully derived on the vitronectin with a truncated N-terminus (VTN-N) in combination with E-cadherin in xeno-free conditions for the first time, and their undifferentiated state, hESC morphology, and standard karyotypes together with their potential to differentiate into three germ layers were confirmed. These results support the conclusion that the VTN-N/E-cadherin is a suitable substrate for the xeno-free derivation of hESCs and can be used for the derivation of hESCs according to good manufacturing practices.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas , Humanos , Vitronectina , Caderinas/genética , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Comércio
8.
Biomater Adv ; 154: 213589, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37598438

RESUMO

Delivery of growth factors (GFs) is challenging for regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation due to their rapid inactivation under physiological conditions. Here, a bioactive polyelectrolyte multilayer (PEM) is engineered by the combination of thermoresponsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and glycosaminoglycans to be used as reservoir for GF storage. PNIPAM-grafted-chitosan (PChi) with two degrees of substitution (DS) are synthesized, namely LMW* (DS 0.14) and HMW (DS 0.03), by grafting low (2 kDa) and high (10 kDa) molecular weight of PNIPAM on the backbone of chitosan (Chi) to be employed as polycations to form PEM with the polyanion heparin (Hep) at pH 4. Subsequently, PEMs are chemically crosslinked to improve their stability at physiological pH 7.4. Resulting surface and mechanical properties indicate that PEM containing HMW is responsive to temperature at 20 °C and 37 °C, while LMW is not. More importantly, Hep as terminal layer combined with HMW allows not only a better retention of the adhesive protein vitronectin but also a sustained release of FGF-2 at 37 °C. With the synergistic effect of vitronectin and matrix-bound FGF-2, significant promotion on adhesion, proliferation, and migration of 3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblasts is achieved on HMW-containing PEM compared to Chi-containing PEM and exogenously added FGF-2. Thus, PEM containing PNIPAM in combination with bioactive glycosaminoglycans like Hep represents a versatile approach to fabricate a GF delivery system for efficient cell culture, which can be potentially served as cell culture substrate for production of (stem) cells and bioactive wound dressing for tissue regeneration.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Heparina , Animais , Camundongos , Heparina/farmacologia , Heparina/química , Quitosana/química , Quitosana/farmacologia , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Vitronectina/farmacologia , Adesão Celular , Fibroblastos , Glicosaminoglicanos/química , Glicosaminoglicanos/farmacologia
9.
Comput Biol Med ; 164: 107364, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37598482

RESUMO

Digital pathology and artificial intelligence are promising emerging tools in precision oncology as they provide more robust and reproducible analysis of histologic, morphologic and topologic characteristics of tumor cells and the surrounding microenvironment. This study aims to develop digital image analysis workflows for therapeutic assessment in preclinical in vivo models. For this purpose, we generated pipelines that enable automatic detection and quantification of vitronectin and αvß3 in heterotopic high-risk neuroblastoma xenografts, demonstrating that digital analysis workflows can be used to provide robust detection of vitronectin secretion and αvß3 expression by malignant neuroblasts and to evaluate the possibility of combining traditional chemotherapy (etoposide) with extracellular matrix-targeted therapies (cilengitide). Digital image analysis added evidence for the relevance of territorial vitronectin as a therapeutic target in neuroblastoma, since its expression is modified after treatment, with a mean percentage of 60.44% in combined therapy tumors vs 45.08% in control ones. In addition, the present study revealed the efficacy of cilengitide for reducing αvß3 expression, with a mean αvß3 positivity of 34.17% in cilengitide treated material vs 66.14% in control and with less tumor growth when combined with etoposide, with a final mean volume of 0.04 cm3 in combined therapy vs 1.45 cm3 in control. The results of this work highlight the importance of extracellular matrix-focused therapies in preclinical studies to improve therapeutic assessment for high-risk neuroblastoma patients.


Assuntos
Neuroblastoma , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos , Etoposídeo/farmacologia , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Inteligência Artificial , Vitronectina , Fluxo de Trabalho , Medicina de Precisão , Neuroblastoma/tratamento farmacológico
10.
OMICS ; 27(8): 361-371, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37579183

RESUMO

For precision in clinical oncology practice, detection of tumor-derived peptides and proteins in urine offers an attractive and noninvasive alternative for diagnostic or screening purposes. In this study, we report comparative quantitative proteomic profiling of urine samples from patients with gastric cancer and healthy controls using tandem mass tags-based multiplexed mass spectrometry approach. We identified 1504 proteins, of which 246 were differentially expressed in gastric cancer cases. Notably, ephrin A1 (EFNA1), pepsinogen A3 (PGA3), sortilin 1 (SORT1), and vitronectin (VTN) were among the upregulated proteins, which are known to play crucial roles in the progression of gastric cancer. We also found other overexpressed proteins, including shisa family member 5 (SHISA5), mucin like 1 (MUCL1), and leukocyte cell derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2), which had not previously been linked to gastric cancer. Using a novel approach for targeted proteomics, SureQuant, we validated changes in abundance of a subset of proteins discovered in this study. We confirmed the overexpression of vitronectin and sortilin 1 in an independent set of urine samples. Altogether, this study provides molecular candidates for biomarker development in gastric cancer, and the findings also support the promise of urinary proteomics for noninvasive diagnostics and personalized/precision medicine in the oncology clinic.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Proteômica/métodos , Vitronectina , Proteínas , Oncologia , Biomarcadores , Mucinas , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular
11.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2023: 6623329, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37501933

RESUMO

Objective: Vitronectin (VTN) has been reported to trigger cell pyroptosis to aggravate inflammation in our previous study. However, the function of VTN in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains to be addressed. Methods: Real-time PCR and western blotting were performed to analyze VTN-regulated intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) differentiation through ferroptosis, and immunofluorescence (IF), luciferase, and chromatin immunoprecipitation were used to identify whether VTN-modulated ferroptosis is dependent on phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4)/protein kinase A (PKA)/cyclic adenosine monophosphate-response element-binding protein (CREB) cascade pathway. In vivo experiment in mice and a pilot study in patients with IBD were used to confirm inhibition of PDE4-alleviated IECs ferroptosis, leading to cell differentiation during mucosal healing. Results: Herein, we found that caudal-related homeobox transcription factor 2-mediated IECs differentiation was impaired in response to VTN, which was attributed to enhanced ferroptosis characterized by decreased glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and solute carrier family 7 member 11 expression. Inhibition of ferroptosis in IECs rescued the inhibitory effect of VTN on cell differentiation. Further analysis showed that VTN triggered phosphorylation of PDE4, leading to inhibit PKA/CREB activation and CREB nuclear translocation, which further reduced GPX4 transactivation. Endogenous PKA interacted with CREB, and this interaction was destroyed in response to VTN stimulation. What is more, overexpression of CREB in CaCO2 cells overcame the promotion of VTN on ferroptosis. Most importantly, inhibition of PDE4 by roflumilast or dipyridamole could alleviate dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice and in a pilot clinical study confirmed by IF. Conclusions: These findings demonstrated that highly expressed VTN disrupted IECs differentiation through PDE4-mediated ferroptosis in IBD, suggesting targeting PDE4 could be a promising therapeutic strategy for patients with IBD.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Camundongos , Animais , Vitronectina , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 4/metabolismo , Projetos Piloto , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular
12.
Theranostics ; 13(11): 3897-3913, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37441594

RESUMO

Background: Renal infiltration of inflammatory cells including macrophages is a crucial event in kidney fibrogenesis. However, how macrophage regulates fibroblast activation in the fibrotic kidney remains elusive. In this study, we show that macrophages promoted fibroblast activation by assembling a vitronectin (Vtn)-enriched, extracellular microenvironment. Methods: We prepared decellularized kidney tissue scaffold (KTS) from normal and fibrotic kidney after unilateral ischemia-reperfusion injury (UIRI) and carried out an unbiased quantitative proteomics analysis. NRK-49F cells were seeded on macrophage-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffold. Genetic Vtn knockout (Vtn-/-) mice and chronic kidney disease (CKD) model with overexpression of Vtn were used to corroborate a role of Vtn/integrin αvß5/Src in kidney fibrosis. Results: Vtn was identified as one of the most upregulated proteins in the decellularized kidney tissue scaffold from fibrotic kidney by mass spectrometry. Furthermore, Vtn was upregulated in the kidney of mouse models of CKD and primarily expressed and secreted by activated macrophages. Urinary Vtn levels were elevated in CKD patients and inversely correlated with kidney function. Genetic ablation or knockdown of Vtn protected mice from developing kidney fibrosis after injury. Conversely, overexpression of Vtn exacerbated renal fibrotic lesions and aggravated renal insufficiency. We found that macrophage-derived, Vtn-enriched extracellular matrix scaffold promoted fibroblast activation and proliferation. In vitro, Vtn triggered fibroblast activation by stimulating integrin αvß5 and Src kinase signaling. Either blockade of αvß5 with neutralizing antibody or pharmacological inhibition of Src by Saracatinib abolished Vtn-induced fibroblast activation. Moreover, Saracatinib dose-dependently ameliorated Vtn-induced kidney fibrosis in vivo. These results demonstrate that macrophage induces fibroblast activation by assembling a Vtn-enriched extracellular microenvironment, which triggers integrin αvß5 and Src kinase signaling. Conclusion: Our findings uncover a novel mechanism by which macrophages contribute to kidney fibrosis via assembling a Vtn-enriched extracellular niche and suggest that disrupting fibrogenic microenvironment could be a therapeutic strategy for fibrotic CKD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Vitronectina , Camundongos , Animais , Vitronectina/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose
13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(23): 27560-27567, 2023 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37276244

RESUMO

Peptide sequence periodicity is a simple design tool that can be used to generate functional peptide-based surface coatings. De novo-designed peptide N3-PEG-VK16 is characterized by a hydrophobic periodicity of two that avidly binds to native polystyrene priming its surface for subsequent targeted functionalization via chemical ligation. The peptidic portion of N3-PEG-VK16 is responsible for surface binding, converting polystyrene's hydrophobic surface into a wettable and electrostatically charged environment that facilitates cell attachment. Native polystyrene surfaces are coated by simple peptide adsorption from an aqueous buffered solution, and the resulting primed surface is easily functionalized by cycloaddition chemistry. Herein, we show that ligating a vitronectin-derived peptide to primed polystyrene surfaces enables adhesion, expansion, long-term culture, and phenotype maintenance of human induced pluripotent stem cells. To demonstrate scope, we also show that additional functional ligands can be used, for example, nerve growth factor protein, to control neurite outgrowth.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Poliestirenos , Humanos , Poliestirenos/química , Adesão Celular , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Vitronectina/química , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
Virulence ; 14(1): 2223060, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37326479

RESUMO

Riemerella anatipestifer is an important bacterial pathogen in poultry. Pathogenic bacteria recruit host complement factors to resist the bactericidal effect of serum complement. Vitronectin (Vn) is a complementary regulatory protein that inhibits the formation of the membrane attack complex (MAC). Microbes use outer membrane proteins (OMPs) to hijack Vn for complement evasion. However, the mechanism by which R. anatipestifer achieves evasion is unclear. This study aimed to characterise OMPs of R. anatipestifer which interact with duck Vn (dVn) during complement evasion. Far-western assays and comparison of wild-type and mutant strains that were treated with dVn and duck serum demonstrated particularly strong binding of OMP76 to dVn. These data were confirmed with Escherichia coli strains expressing and not expressing OMP76. Combining tertiary structure analysis and homology modelling, truncated and knocked-out fragments of OMP76 showed that a cluster of critical amino acids in an extracellular loop of OMP76 mediate the interaction with dVn. Moreover, binding of dVn to R. anatipestifer inhibited MAC deposition on the bacterial surface thereby enhancing survival in duck serum. Virulence of the mutant strain ΔOMP76 was attenuated significantly relative to the wild-type strain. Furthermore, adhesion and invasion abilities of ΔOMP76 decreased, and histopathological changes showed that ΔOMP76 was less virulent in ducklings. Thus, OMP76 is a key virulence factor of R. anatipestifer. The identification of OMP76-mediated evasion of complement by recruitment of dVn contributes significantly to the understanding of the molecular mechanism by which R. anatipestifer escapes host innate immunity and provides a new target for the development of subunit vaccines.


Assuntos
Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Virulência , Patos , Proteínas de Membrana , Vitronectina , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/microbiologia , Infecções por Flavobacteriaceae/prevenção & controle , Fatores Imunológicos , Proteínas do Sistema Complemento , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/microbiologia
15.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 112(4): 463-471, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36729140

RESUMO

Periostin, also known as osteoblast-specific factor 2, is a matricellular protein predominantly expressed at the periosteum of bone. During growth and development, periostin contributes to periosteal expansion by facilitating osteoblast differentiation and mineralization. Later in life, periosteal expansion provides an adaptive strategy to increase tissue strength without requiring substantial increase in bone mass. However, the function of periostin past skeletal maturity and during advanced aging is relatively unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the function of periostin in maintaining bone mass and tissue strength across different ages. In periostin null mice (Postn-/-), periosteal bone formation was significantly reduced in young (3 months) and adult mice (9 months). The lack of bone formation resulted in reduced bone mass and ultimate strength. Conversely, periosteal bone formation increased at advanced ages in 18-month-old Postn-/- mice. The increase in periosteal mineralization at advanced ages coincides with increased expression of vitronectin and osteopontin. Periosteal progenitors from Postn-/- mice displayed an increased capacity to mineralize when cultured on vitronectin, but not type-1 collagen. Altogether, these findings demonstrate the unique role of periostin in regulating periosteal bone formation at different ages and the potential for vitronectin to compensate in the absence of periostin.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Vitronectina , Animais , Camundongos , Vitronectina/metabolismo , Periósteo , Camundongos Knockout , Envelhecimento
16.
Biomolecules ; 13(2)2023 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36830615

RESUMO

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a thermoplastic polymer that has been recently employed for bone tissue engineering as a result of its biocompatibility and mechanical properties being comparable to human bone. PEEK, however, is a bio-inert material and, when implanted, does not interact with the host tissues, resulting in poor integration. In this work, the surfaces of 3D-printed PEEK disks were functionalized with: (i) an adhesive peptide reproducing [351-359] h-Vitronectin sequence (HVP) and (ii) HVP retro-inverted dimer (D2HVP), that combines the bioactivity of the native sequence (HVP) with the stability toward proteolytic degradation. Both sequences were designed to be anchored to the polymer surface through specific covalent bonds via oxime chemistry. All functionalized PEEK samples were characterized by Water Contact Angle (WCA) measurements, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) to confirm the peptide enrichment. The biological results showed that both peptides were able to increase cell proliferation at 3 and 21 days. D2HVP functionalized PEEK resulted in an enhanced proliferation across all time points investigated with higher calcium deposition and more elongated cell morphology.


Assuntos
Polímeros , Vitronectina , Humanos , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Cetonas/química , Peptídeos , Propriedades de Superfície
17.
Front Immunol ; 14: 1078005, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36845099

RESUMO

Microvascular immunothrombotic dysregulation is a critical process in the pathogenesis of severe systemic inflammatory diseases. The mechanisms controlling immunothrombosis in inflamed microvessels, however, remain poorly understood. Here, we report that under systemic inflammatory conditions the matricellular glycoproteinvitronectin (VN) establishes an intravascular scaffold, supporting interactions of aggregating platelets with immune cells and the venular endothelium. Blockade of the VN receptor glycoprotein (GP)IIb/IIIa interfered with this multicellular interplay and effectively prevented microvascular clot formation. In line with these experimental data, particularly VN was found to be enriched in the pulmonary microvasculature of patients with non-infectious (pancreatitis-associated) or infectious (coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-associated) severe systemic inflammatory responses. Targeting the VN-GPIIb/IIIa axis hence appears as a promising, already feasible strategy to counteract microvascular immunothrombotic dysregulation in systemic inflammatory pathologies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vitronectina , Humanos , Plaquetas/fisiologia , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIIb-IIIa de Plaquetas , Microvasos
18.
Tissue Cell ; 81: 102005, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608640

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a common chronic and progressive lung disease. Fibulin-2 (FBLN2) is upregulated in patients with IPF; however, its exact role in IPF remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the role and the regulatory mechanism of FBLN2 in TGF-ß1-induced fibrogenesis using human lung fibroblast-derived MRC-5 cells. Cell transfection was performed to regulate FBLN2 expression. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blot analyses were performed to detect the expression levels of FBLN2 and vitronectin (VTN). Cell viability and migration were determined via the Cell Counting Kit-8 and wound healing assays, respectively. Immunofluorescence was performed to detect α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)-positive cells. The STRING database was used to predict the interaction between FBLN2 and VTN, which was verified via the protein immunoprecipitation assay. The results demonstrated that inhibition of FBLN2 notably inhibited TGF-ß1-induced proliferation and migration, as well as downregulating the protein expression levels of MMP2 and MMP9 in MRC-5 cells. In addition, inhibition of FBLN2 suppressed the expression levels of α-SMA, collagen type 1 α1 and fibronectin. FBLN2 was demonstrated to bind to VTN and negatively regulate its expression. Furthermore, overexpression of VTN partly abolished the inhibitory effects of FBLN2 knockdown on TGF-ß1-induced proliferation, migration and fibrosis, as well as the activity of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) signaling. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that FBLN2 knockdown can attenuate TGF-ß1-induced fibrosis in MRC-5 cells by downregulating VTN expression via FAK signaling. Thus, FBLN2 may be a potential therapeutic target for IPF treatment.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Vitronectina , Humanos , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose/genética , Fibrose/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Vitronectina/metabolismo
19.
Exp Cell Res ; 423(2): 113467, 2023 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36634744

RESUMO

To improve mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy efficacy, it is critical to identify factors involved in regulating migration and adhesion of MSCs under microenvironmental stress conditions. We observed that human Wharton's jelly-derived MSCs (WJ-MSCs) exhibited increase in cell spread area and adhesion, with reduction in cellular migration under serum starvation stress. The changes in adhesion and migration characteristics were accompanied by formation of large number of super mature focal adhesions along with extensive stress fibres and altered ECM gene expression with notable induction in vitronectin (VTN) expression. NF-κß was found to be a positive regulator of VTN expression while ERK pathway regulated it negatively. Inhibition of these signalling pathways or knocking down of VTN under serum starvation established the correlation between increase in VTN expression and increased cellular adhesion with corresponding reduction in cell migration. VTN knockdown also resulted in reduction of super mature focal adhesions and extensive stress fibres, formed under serum starvation stress. Additionally, VTN induction was not detected in hypoxia-treated WJ-MSCs, and the MSCs showed no significant change in the adhesion or migration properties under hypoxia. VTN is established as a key player which possibly regulates the adhesion and migration properties of WJ-MSCs via focal adhesion signalling.


Assuntos
Vitronectina , Geleia de Wharton , Humanos , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Cordão Umbilical , Vitronectina/metabolismo , Geleia de Wharton/metabolismo , Células-Tronco
20.
Acta Biomater ; 155: 507-520, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371002

RESUMO

Targeted drug delivery requires -among others- specific interaction of nanocarriers with cell surface receptors enabling efficient internalization into the targeted cells. Thus, identification of receptors allowing efficient nanocarrier uptake is essential to improve the design of targeted nanomedicines. Here we used methods based on cell surface biotinylation to identify cell surface receptors mediating nanoparticle uptake by cells. We used human brain and liver endothelial cells as representative examples of cells typically showing very low and very high nanoparticle uptake, respectively. Amino-modified and carboxylated silica were used as model nanoparticles usually associated with high and low uptake into cells, respectively, and carrying different coronas after exposure in full human plasma. Using cell surface biotinylation of live cells and receptor pull-down assays, we compared the receptors internalized in control untreated cells and those internalized upon exposure to nanoparticles. In this way, we identified receptors associated with (high) nanoparticle uptake. The candidate receptors were further validated by decorating the nanoparticles with an artificial corona consisting of the respective receptor ligands. We found that a vitronectin corona can be used to target integrin receptors and strongly enhances nanoparticle uptake in brain and liver endothelial cells. The increased uptake was maintained in the presence of serum, suggesting that the vitronectin-corona could resist interaction and competition with serum. Furthermore, plasminogen-coated nanoparticles promoted uptake in endothelial cells of the liver, but not of the brain. The presented approach using reversible biotinylation of cell surface receptors in live cells allows for receptor-based targeting of nanocarriers that are instrumental in nanoparticle uptake, which can be exploited for targeted drug delivery. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In order to deliver drugs to their site of action, drug-loaded nanocarriers can be targeted to cell receptors enabling efficient uptake into target cells. Thus, methods to identify nanocarrier receptors are invaluable. Here we used reversible biotinylation of live cells and receptor pull-down approaches for receptor identification. By comparative analysis of the individual receptors internalized in untreated cells and cells exposed to nanoparticles, we identified receptors enabling high nanoparticle uptake into liver and brain endothelial cells. Their role was confirmed by decorating nanoparticles with an artificial corona composed of the receptor ligands. In conclusion, live cell reversible biotinylation of cell surface proteins is a powerful tool for the identification of potential receptors for receptor-based targeting of nanocarriers.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Biotinilação , Vitronectina , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo
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