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1.
Croat Med J ; 65(2): 101-110, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706236

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the relationship between the current work ability index (WAI) and depressive and anxiety symptoms in breast cancer (BC) patients and the role of depressive, anxiety, and physical symptoms in mediating this relationship. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 83 employed women with BC. At baseline assessment (in the first three months following BC diagnosis) and follow-up assessment (one year after baseline), participants completed the WAI, Beck Depression Inventory-II, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire with a breast cancer-specific module. Mediation analyses were conducted to explore the mechanism by which depressive, anxiety, and physical symptoms influenced the relationship between WAI and depressive and anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: WAI was negatively associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms. The effect of baseline depressive and trait anxiety symptoms on WAI at follow-up was mediated by both depressive and trait anxiety symptoms, as well as by physical symptoms at follow-up. The effect of baseline state anxiety symptoms on WAI at follow-up was mediated only by state anxiety symptoms at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Baseline depressive and anxiety symptoms affect WAI at follow-up not only through persisting depressive and anxiety symptoms observed at follow-up but also through physical symptoms at follow-up. This indicates that efforts aimed at improving psychological health may result in simultaneous improvements in both psychological and physical health, as well as the resulting WAI.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Neoplasias da Mama , Depressão , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Croácia/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Adulto , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Emprego , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Idoso
2.
BMC Res Notes ; 17(1): 144, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This explorative, cross-sectional study assessed the association between managers' attitudes to employee depression and their rating of how common mental disorders (CMDs) affect employee work capacity. RESULTS: A principal component analysis was performed for the nine variables concerning managers' rating of how CMDs can affect work capacity among employees. The analysis resulted in two factors: task-oriented- and relational work capacity. The result of the multivariate analysis of covariance showed a p value of 0.014 (Pillai's trace) indicating a statistically significant association between managers' attitudes towards employee depression and managers' rating of how CMDs affect work capacity. The association was significant for both factors as indicated by the p value of 0.024 for task-oriented work capacity and the p value of 0.007 for relational work capacity. The R2 value was 0.022 for task-oriented work capacity and 0.017 for relational work capacity. We assumed that negative attitudes towards employee depression would be associated with a perception of decreased work capacity among employees with CMDs. The results showed a significant association; however, the effect (~ 2%) was small. Further studies of manager's attitudes and other possible determinants of managers' rating of CMD-related work capacity are needed to better understand these factors.


Assuntos
Depressão , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Depressão/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Atitude
3.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 33: e2023354, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and analyze factors associated with inadequate work ability among community health workers (CHWs). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with CHWs, from July to October 2018, in Montes Claros, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil; work ability, sociodemographic, occupational, and clinical factors were investigated; prevalence ratios (PRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated using Poisson regression. RESULTS: Of the 675 CHWs, 25.8% (95%CI 22.7;29.2) showed inadequate work ability; length of service greater than five years (PR = 1.64; 95%CI 1.24;2.18), poor health status (PR = 2.10; 95%CI 1.56;2.83), depressive symptoms (PR = 1.98; 95%CI 1.54;2.55) and voice disorders (PR = 1.85; 95%CI 1.26;2.73) were associated with the event. CONCLUSION: There was a high prevalence of inadequate work ability, associated with occupational and clinical factors. MAIN RESULTS: There was a high prevalence of inadequate work ability among community health workers (CHWs), associated with occupational and clinical factors. IMPLICATIONS FOR SERVICES: This study can contribute to the planning of preventive actions and the promotion of the work ability of CHWs, with repercussions on the quality of service provided by these professionals. PERSPECTIVES: Longitudinal studies are strongly recommended in order to establish cause-and-effect relationships between the variables investigated.


Assuntos
Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Prevalência
4.
Work ; 78(1): 73-81, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are leading causes for long sickness absences and early retirement. Dental work is physically strenuous, and many studies have shown a relation between work-related MSDs and dentistry. However, fewer studies have focused on how these conditions affect the work ability of dentists. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to reveal the relationship between MSD, work ability and sickness absences in Finnish dentists and dental students. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 1200 dental workers and students. It inquired of age, gender, use of dental loupes, physical exercise, use of health care, and site, length and frequency of musculoskeletal complaints. Work ability was assessed with four parameters: work ability score (WAS), future work ability (FWA), self-estimation of MSD-related work disability, and sickness absence days. RESULTS: The questionnaire gained 255 responses (response rate 21%). The majority (90%) of the respondents had experienced MSD during the past year but only eleven percent of them had been on sick leave. MSDs correlated significantly with WAS, FWA and MSD-related work disability. Results remained significant even age adjusted. Age was a strong predictor of declined work ability, but gender, physical exercise or dental loupe use did not have a significant impact. CONCLUSIONS: Despite all the ergonomic advances in modern dentistry, the occurrence of MSD symptoms is still high. MSDs seem to affect dentists' work ability significantly, but amount of sickness absence is relatively low, which may indicate a high level of presenteeism.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Licença Médica , Estudantes de Odontologia , Humanos , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudantes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Absenteísmo
5.
Heart Lung ; 66: 108-116, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is increasing among young and middle-aged people, and such patients need to be reemployed after AMI events from the individual and society perspectives. However, the situation of employment after AMI was not ideal. Early identification of patients vulnerable to decreased work ability and provided targeted intervention may be beneficial. OBJECTIVE: To identify the profiles and associated factors of work ability in young and middle-aged AMI patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Guangzhou, China, from September 2022 to October 2023. Work ability, self-efficacy for return-to-work, social support, anxiety, and depression were measured by the Work-ability Support Scale (WSS), Return-To-Work Self-Efficacy Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale, 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale, and Patient Health Questionnaire 9, respectively. We performed latent profile analysis based on three subdomains of the WSS by using Mplus 8.3. Multiple logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with work ability. RESULTS: A total of 155 participants (aged 48.58±7.153 years, 95.5 % male) were included. We identified three latent profiles of work ability: low work ability (28.1 %), moderate work ability (51 %), and high work ability (20.6 %). The per capita monthly household income, NYHA functional class, total cholesterol, length of hospital stay, social support, and self-efficacy for return-to-work were factors associated with work ability. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated different profiles and associated factors of work ability in young and middle-aged AMI patients. It is suggested that healthcare providers identify and monitor associated factors to improve work ability among this subpopulation.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Retorno ao Trabalho , Autoeficácia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/psicologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Apoio Social , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Inquéritos e Questionários , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia
6.
Braz J Phys Ther ; 28(2): 101060, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Work Ability Index (WAI) assesses work demands, health status, and physical and mental resources. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the measurement properties of the WAI, single-item work ability score (WAS), and short version for online applications. METHODS: One hundred three workers completed the 3 versions of the WAI and the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) questionnaire. The reproducibility and construct validity of the 3 versions of the WAI and their concurrent validity with the PSS-10 were tested. Statistical tests were performed with IBM® SPSS 28.0. RESULTS: The test-retest reliability of the WAI, WAS, and WAI short version ranged from good to excellent. The WAI and WAI short version showed excellent internal consistency. The construct validity of the WAS was moderate and positive and it was excellent and positive for the WAI short version. Concurrent validity of the WAI, WAS, and WAI short version was moderate and negative, and item mental resources were strong and negative. Factor analysis reached an acceptable level for all indexes (≥ 0.90). The analysis with two factors reached an acceptable level for all indexes (≥ 0.90) and was the best model. CONCLUSION: The reliability and construct and concurrent validity of the various versions of the WAI were strong to excellent in online applications. Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated a new grouping of items for the WAI Brazilian version. However, it is necessary to be careful in the choice due to the distribution model of items in health domains and aspects of work.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Brasil , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Psicometria/métodos
7.
J Occup Health Psychol ; 29(2): 90-112, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38647462

RESUMO

Research on the concept of existing unidimensional Perceived Work Ability scale (PWA) in organizational science has recently increased due to its prediction of important work, individual, and labor force outcomes. To date, PWA has been measured as a unidimensional construct. The present study outlines the need for the multidimensional conceptualization of PWA and its measurement. We describe the development and validation of the Multidimensional Perceived Work Ability Scale (M-PWAS), comprising four dimensions: physical, cognitive, interpersonal, and emotional. In line with Hinkin's (1998) approach to scale validation, we use four samples (total N = 1,152) to establish the M-PWAS as a reliable and valid measure of PWA. Through an iterative item generation and review process, we found evidence for content validity. Furthermore, each subscale demonstrated high internal consistency and factorial validity, and analysis of the PWA nomological network demonstrated evidence for convergent and discriminant validity. Finally, we found that the M-PWAS showed incremental validity over an existing unidimensional PWA measure in the prediction of perceived stress, emotional exhaustion, work engagement, and turnover. We discuss implications for theory, research, and workplace interventions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Psicometria , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem , Engajamento no Trabalho , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Emoções
8.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 97(4): 451-460, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38526567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study aims to examine association between different components of physical fitness and perceived work ability among working age population. METHODS: The population-based study sample included 2050 participants aged 18-74 from the Finnish national Health 2011 study. Physical fitness was assessed by the single leg stand test, the modified push-up test, the vertical jump test and the six-minute walk test, and perceived work ability was assessed via interview. Logistic regression was used for examining the associations between physical fitness and work ability. RESULTS: After adjusting for potential confounders (age, sex, marital status, educational level, work characteristics, total physical activity, daily smoking, BMI and number of diseases), odds ratios indicated that good work ability was more likely among those who had better balance in single leg stand test (OR = 1.54; 95% CI 1.07-2.24), and who belonged in the high fitness thirds in six-minute walking test (OR = 2.08; 95% CI 1.24-3.49) and in vertical jump test (OR = 2.51; 95% CI 1.23-5.12) compared to lowest third. Moreover, moderate (OR = 1.76; 95% CI 1.02-3.05) to high fitness (OR = 2.87; 95% CI 1.40-5.92) in modified push-up test increased the likelihood of good work ability compared to lowest third. CONCLUSION: These study results indicate that good musculoskeletal as well as cardiorespiratory fitness are associated with better perceived work ability. Promoting physical fitness in individual and societal level may be potential targets for maintaining good work ability in working age population.


Assuntos
Aptidão Física , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Finlândia , Exercício Físico
9.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(6): 695-703, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38526938

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are an increasing burden for societies. We examined Polish Social Insurance Institution (ZUS) work incapacity expenditures for people with IBD compared with the general population. METHODS: Aggregate data were obtained on ZUS expenditures between 2012 and 2021 in Polish zlotys (PLN). Annual work incapacity benefit expenditures were analyzed and IBD benefit expenditures were examined relative to innovative IBD drug utilization in individual provinces. RESULTS: Between 2012 and 2021, annual ZUS expenditures per person increased, while expenditures per IBD patient decreased. Proportionally, absenteeism was the largest ZUS expenditure in the general population, while disability pensions were the largest in the IBD population. ZUS expenditures due to absenteeism in the general population increased by PLN 282 per person; those due to disability pensions decreased by PLN 85. Disability pension spending due to Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) decreased by PLN 371 and PLN 284, respectively, while absenteeism spending per person with CD and UC decreased (PLN 58 and PLN 35, respectively). Nationwide in 2021, 8.5% of people with CD and 1.9% of those with UC received innovative drugs. The percentage of people receiving innovative drugs and ZUS expenditure per person were inversely related in 9/16 provinces for CD and 5/16 for UC. CONCLUSION: Polish state spending on work incapacity benefits increased in the general population but decreased in people with IBD between 2012 and 2021. Use of innovative drugs was associated with reduced spending per person with IBD in some provinces.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Colite Ulcerativa , Doença de Crohn , Gastos em Saúde , Humanos , Polônia , Colite Ulcerativa/economia , Colite Ulcerativa/terapia , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença de Crohn/economia , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Redução de Custos , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde/economia , Pensões/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Custos de Medicamentos , Licença Médica/economia , Licença Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/economia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/economia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/terapia , Masculino , Feminino
10.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(3): e243861, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536172

RESUMO

Importance: Although research indicates that low fitness in youth is associated with a higher risk of chronic disability in men, the association of fitness in adolescence with work ability in working men and women remains unknown. Objective: To examine the associations of adolescent health-related physical fitness with future work ability. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 45-year observational cohort study, conducted in Finland, examined the direct and indirect longitudinal associations of objectively measured health-related fitness in adolescence (in 1976) with self-reported work ability and sickness absence in early middle age (in 2001) and the Work Ability Index in late middle age (in 2021). A countrywide stratified random baseline sample included fitness measurements for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) (running 1.5 km for girls and 2 km for boys), musculoskeletal fitness (MF; standing broad jump and sit-ups for both sexes, pull-ups for boys, and flexed-arm hang for girls), and height and weight, from which body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Structural equation modeling-based path analysis, adjusted for age and sex at baseline and for educational level, work-related physical strain, and leisure-time physical activity in late middle age, was conducted. Data analysis was performed from January to July 2023. Main Outcomes and Measures: Self-reported work ability was measured with structured questions in early middle age and with the validated Work Ability Index in late middle age. Results: The final sample from longitudinal analyses (1207 individuals; 579 [48%] male individuals) consisted of participants with fitness measurement from age 12 to 19 years, and work ability assessment from age 37 to 44 years and/or age 57 to 64 years. Higher adolescent CRF was associated with higher work ability (839 participants; ß = 0.12; 95% CI, 0.01 to 0.22; P = .03) and lower sickness absence (834 participants; ß = -0.07; 95% CI, -0.12 to -0.02; P = .004) in early middle age and, indirectly, mediated by work ability in early middle age, with a higher work ability at the end of working age (603 participants; ß = 0.04; 95% CI, 0.001 to 0.08; P = .04). The results remained consistent in both sexes and after adjustment for the confounders. Neither MF nor BMI was associated with work ability (MF, 1192 participants; ß = -0.07; 95% CI, -0.17 to 0.03; BMI, 1207 participants, ß = 0.09; 95% CI, -0.004 to 0.19) or sickness absence (MF, 1185 participants, ß = 0.02; 95% CI, -0.03 to 0.06; BMI, 1202 participants, ß = -0.03; 95% CI, -0.09 to 0.03) in early middle age or with late middle age work ability, mediated by work ability in early middle age (MF, 603 participants, ß = -0.02; 95% CI, -0.06 to 0.01; BMI, 603 participants, ß = 0.03; 95% CI, -0.004 to 0.07). Conclusions and Relevance: These findings suggest that low CRF in youth is associated with poor work ability at the middle and end of working life, which highlights the informative and prognostic value of CRF assessment early in youth. Enhancing CRF in the first decades of life might contribute to better work capacity and productivity in the labor force, which would have implications for health, quality of life, society, and the economy.


Assuntos
Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Qualidade de Vida , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Aptidão Física , Saúde do Adolescente
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541348

RESUMO

The Work Ability Index (WAI) is the most widely used questionnaire for the self-assessment of working ability. Because of its different applications, shorter versions, and widespread use in healthcare activities, assessing its characteristics is worthwhile. The WAI was distributed online among the employees of a healthcare company; the results were compared with data contained in the employees' personal health records and with absence registers. A total of 340 out of 575 workers (59.1%) participated; 6.5% of them reported poor work ability. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the one-factor version best described the characteristics of the WAI. The scores of the complete WAI, the shorter form without the list of diseases, and the minimal one-item version (WAS) had equal distribution and were significantly correlated. The WAI score was inversely related to age and significantly lower in women than in men, but it was higher in night workers than in their day shift counterparts due to the probable effect of selective factors. The WAI score was also correlated with absenteeism, but no differences were found between males and females in the average number of absences, suggesting that cultural or emotional factors influence the self-rating of the WAI. Workers tended to over-report illnesses in the online survey compared to data collected during occupational health checks. Musculoskeletal disorders were the most frequently reported illnesses (53%). Psychiatric illnesses affected 21% of workers and had the greatest impact on work ability. Multilevel ergonomic and human factor intervention seems to be needed to recover the working capacity of healthcare workers.


Assuntos
Saúde Ocupacional , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Setor de Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300182, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38502655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: According to the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) panel, structural validity describes how well Patient-Reported Outcome Measures' (PROM) scores reflect the dimensions of the measured construct. The main purpose of this study was to examine the structural components of the Abilitator, a co-developed self-report questionnaire on work ability and functioning for the population in a weak labour market position. METHODS: We examined to what extent the Abilitator has reflective and formative elements in its five summary scales: "C. Inclusion", "D. Mind", "E. Everyday life", "F. Skills", and "G. Body". The Abilitator data sample (n = 4555, men 51%, mean age 37 years) was collected in 2017-2022 by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in cooperation with the European Social Fund Priority 5 projects in which the participants have multiple challenges to gain employment. For the structural components and validity analysis we implemented both Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). RESULTS: Based on the COSMIN criteria for structural validity, the Abilitator reached approximate model fit with CFA when we analysed the different concepts of the questionnaire separately rather than in one unified model. An exception was "E. Everyday life" which was a formative summary scale, and it did not reach approximate fit. EFA showed that the items in the Abilitator's summary scales loaded on ten factors. CONCLUSIONS: The Abilitator had both reflective and formative elements in its structure. It reached structural validity in those separate concepts that were based on a reflective model. This study revealed interesting connections between different aspects of the Abilitator and produced valuable information for further modification of the questionnaire.


Assuntos
Emprego , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Autorrelato , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Psicometria
13.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 140: 107517, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The minority of working-age Finns eat according to the national and Nordic nutritional guidelines and increasing numbers of health problems affect the Finnish workforce. Coincidently recruiting new workers in the more rural areas of Finland, such as Satakunta, has been problematic. To optimize the use of the existing workforce, health promotion interventions focusing on nutrition have been suggested to improve the health and well-being of the current working age Finns. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The aim of this RCT study is to assess the effectiveness of a 12-month multifactorial nutritional guidance intervention to improve work ability (performance), work well-being, health-related quality of life, work productivity, sickness absence, dietary intake and eating habits. In total, six small or medium-sized companies and their employees (n = 170) from the Satakunta region will be recruited. Companies will be randomized 1:1 to a 12-month multifactorial nutritional guidance intervention group (INT) or a control group (CG). Comprehensive measurements are taken before randomization (baseline) and at the end of the 12-month study period. Primary outcomes (work ability, work well-being and health-related quality of life) are measured with Work Ability Index, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale short questionnaire and EQ-5D. Dietary intake and eating habits are measured with 3-day food records and Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). DISCUSSION: This study will provide nationally important data on how workplace nutrition guidance affects work-related outcomes, quality of life, and nutritional and overall health status among working age Finns.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Promoção da Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Eficiência , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Finlândia , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Política Nutricional , Saúde Ocupacional , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Desempenho Profissional , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
14.
J Rehabil Med ; 56: jrm19671, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Comprehensive International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for multiple sclerosis with regard to the Brief ICF Core Set for multiple sclerosis. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional single-centre study. SUBJECTS: A total of 151 participants (99 females/52 males, mean age 49 years) referred for work ability assessment. METHODS: Data were collected from clinical recordings and by telephone interview. RESULTS: Among 33 Body Functions, 14 were impaired in over 60% of the participants, and 6 in over 75%. These 6 most impaired functions were related to exercise tolerance (b455), urination (b620), muscle power (b730), motor reflex (b750), control of voluntary movement (b760) and gait pattern (b770). Among 54 Activities and Participation categories, 8 were impaired in over 60% of the participants, and 3 were impaired in over 75%. The latter activities were related to walking (d450), moving around (d455) and moving around using equipment (d465). Among the 36 Environmental categories, most were facilitators, except for temperature (e2250) and employment (e590). The latter category was both a facilitator and a barrier. CONCLUSION: These results suggest additional categories that should be included into the Brief ICF Core Set, to improve its representation of the complex disability of multiple sclerosis.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Emprego
15.
Menopause ; 31(4): 275-281, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the association between an advanced climacteric status at 46 years of age and current perceived work ability, the consequent 2-year accumulation of disability and unemployment days, and the 7-year incidence of disability pensions. METHODS: Study participants (n = 2,661) were recruited from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 study's 46-year follow-up in 2012. The participants' perceived work ability was investigated using the Work Ability Score (0-7 = poor vs 8-10 = good), along with potential covariates. Data concerning their consequent disability days, unemployment days, and disability pensions were collected from national registers. The association between their climacteric status at age 46 years, work ability, and working life participation was assessed using regression models. RESULTS: The climacteric women were more often smokers and more often had a lower level of education. The odds ratio for poor perceived work ability was 1.41 (95% CI, 1.06-1.87), and the incidence rate ratios for disability and unemployment days during the 2-year follow-up were 1.09 (95% CI, 1.07-1.11) and 1.16 (95% CI, 1.14-1.18), respectively, for the climacteric women compared with the preclimacteric women in models adjusted for smoking and education. The 7-year hazard ratio for disability pensions was 1.72 (95% CI, 1.02-2.91) for the climacteric women. CONCLUSIONS: An earlier menopausal transition is associated with poorer perceived work ability, and it predicts lower recorded work participation and a higher disability pension rate in subsequent years.


Assuntos
Climatério , Pessoas com Deficiência , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aposentadoria , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Coorte de Nascimento
16.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1243138, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38384890

RESUMO

Introduction: Healthy organizations approach to occupational safety and health should holistically include individual, interpersonal, and organizational levels. There is an empirical research gap in considering different levels in organizations for health promotion in the context of maximizing work ability. This study aims to investigate the association of (1) occupational health literacy (on an individual level), (2) health-oriented leadership (interpersonal level), (3) participation possibilities in health, and (4) values of health in companies (both organizational levels) on work ability. Additionally, we examined the potentially moderating role of health-oriented leadership, participation possibilities in health, and values of health between occupational health literacy and work ability. Methods: Cross-sectional data were obtained from 828 employers and employees in small and medium-sized enterprises. Self-report measures included occupational health literacy, health-oriented leadership, work ability, participation possibilities in health at work, and values of health in the company. Occupational health literacy comprises two factors: a knowledge-/skill-based approach to occupational health and a willingness/responsibility for occupational health. Participation possibilities in health are measured regarding participatory opportunities and co-creation of health at work. Values of health in the company capture the importance of health in the workplace and the scope for improving employees' health. Data were analyzed using latent regression and latent moderation analyses controlling for age, gender, and educational level. Results: Occupational health literacy (knowledge-/skill-based), health-oriented leadership, participation possibilities in health, and values of health in companies showed positive associations with work ability. Health-oriented leadership on an interpersonal level was found to moderate the positive relationship between (knowledge-/skill-based) occupational health literacy and work ability. Participation possibilities in health on an organizational level acted as a moderator on the relationship between both occupational health literacy factors and work ability. Discussion: Individual, interpersonal, and organizational factors play important roles in maintaining work ability in healthy organizations. This study highlights the importance of promoting occupational health literacy among employees and leaders, creating a healthy workplace through health-oriented leadership, and providing participatory opportunities for co-creation in health promotion at work. Future research should further explore these factors' roles in different industries and contexts and how they may be addressed effectively in tailored workplace interventions.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Saúde Ocupacional , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Promoção da Saúde
17.
Int J Occup Saf Ergon ; 30(2): 486-495, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351578

RESUMO

Objectives. The number of security guards in universities has increased significantly. This study aimed to predict work ability of university security guards. Methods. A cross-sectional study of 97 university security guards in Thailand was performed. Data were collected through interviews using a questionnaire covering social demographics, behavioral health and work ability. The data were analyzed using χ2 tests and logistic regression models. Results. The average work ability index (WAI) score was 38.1 ± 3.8, with 65.0% of participants scoring 'good'. Social support significantly influenced the WAI (p = 0.004). Those with insufficient support were 4.3 times more likely to show poor work ability. Mental health also impacted the WAI (p = 0.006); those with poor mental health were 4.7 times at risk. Additionally, work experience affected the WAI (p = 0.039). Those with ≥5 years of experience showed reduced work ability compared to their less-experienced counterparts (adjusted odds ratio 0.4; 95% confidence interval [0.20, 0.96]). Conclusions. Supervisors should provide social support and offer rewards and commendations to enhance employees' abilities, health behaviors and management of underlying diseases. Additionally, organizations should prioritize health and safety in the workplace to ensure their employees are healthier and perform their tasks more effectively.


Assuntos
Apoio Social , Humanos , Tailândia , Masculino , Universidades , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Ocupacional , Saúde Mental , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
18.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 439, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) have an important gatekeeping role in the Norwegian sickness insurance system. This role includes limiting access to paid sick leave when this is not justified according to sick leave criteria. 85% of GPs in Norway operate within a fee-for-service system that incentivises short consultations and high service provision. In this qualitative study, we explore how GPs practise the gatekeeping role in sickness absence certification. METHODS: Qualitative data was collected through six focus group interviews with 33 GPs, working in practices with a minimum of four practising GPs, in different geographical regions across Norway, including both urban and rural areas. Data was analysed using Braune and Clarke's thematic analysis approach. RESULTS: Our results indicate that GPs' sick-listing decisions are largely driven by patient demand and preferences for sick leave. GPs reported that they rarely overrule patient requests for sickness absence, including in cases where such requests conflict with the GPs' opinion of whether sick leave is justified or benefits the patient. The degree of effort made to limit unjustified or non-beneficial sick leave seems to depend on the GPs' available time and perceived risk of conflict with the patient. GPs generally expressed dissatisfaction with their role as certifiers of sickness absence. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that GPs' decisions about sickness certification is largely driven by patient preferences. The GPs' gatekeeping function is limited to negotiations about grade and duration of absence spells.


Assuntos
Clínicos Gerais , Humanos , Controle de Acesso , Grupos Focais , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Certificação , Licença Médica , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
19.
Int J Occup Med Environ Health ; 37(1): 98-109, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38240653

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study was to assess and compare health, quality of life, well-being, job satisfaction and job insecurity between nurses, in a tertiary hospital in Greece, working either under permanent or temporary contract. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, consecutively recruited nurses answered a structured questionnaire, the WHO-5 Well-being Index (WHO-5), the Job Insecurity Index (JII), the Work Ability Index (WAI), and the Well-Being at Work Scale (WBWS). RESULTS: Included were 323 nurses (87.6% women, age M±SD 43.68±8.10 years). Tem- porary contract employees had worse quality of life (p = 0.009) and higher job insecurity: both in cognitive dimension (p = 0.013) and emotional dimension (p < 0.001). They also scored worse in the positive affect (p < 0.001), negative affect (p = 0.002) and fulfillment of expectations in work environment (p < 0.001) domains of the WBWS. Additionally, they reported less frequently occupational accidents and injuries (p = 0.001), muscu - loskeletal disorders of the spine or neck (p = 0.007), cardiovascular (p = 0.017), and gastrointestinal (p = 0.010) disorders, while they reported more frequently mental disorders (p < 0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that temporary work predicted high cognitive (p = 0.010) and emotional (p < 0.001) insecurity, low positive emotions and mood index (p = 0.007), low achievement-fulfillment index (p = 0.047) and high index of negative emotions (p = 0.006), regardless of gender and age. CONCLUSIONS: Temporary employment among nurses is associated with a lower sense of job security and well-being, and a higher prevalence of mental disorders, independently of age or gender without a significantly negative effect on their ability to work. Managers, as well as occupational physicians, should recognize the extent of nurses' job insecurity and assess their ability to work, to provide them with the necessary support and to stimulate the sense of occupational security and work capacity, so that they can thrive in their workplace and therefore be more productive and provide high quality healthcare. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2024;37(1):98-109.


Assuntos
Segurança do Emprego , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Emprego/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
J Rehabil Med ; 56: jrm5308, 2024 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38214119

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term effects on activity, participation, and quality of life (i) at different post-injury starting time points of attention training and (ii) of two different types of rehabilitation with attention training in patients after stroke or traumatic brain injury; and to describe their functioning level. DESIGN: 2 years after rehabilitation intervention, comparisons were made in one cohort receiving attention training subacute (< 4 months) or post-acute (4-12 months) and in one cohort with two different training methods, a process-based and an activity-based method respectively. PATIENTS: 100 patients were recruited from our earlier RCT study. They had mild to moderate stroke or traumatic brain injury with relatively limited symptomatology, and all had moderate to severe attention impairment. METHODS: A questionnaire-based interview: EuroQol 5 dimensions, Occupational Gaps Questionnaire, Work Ability Index, self-assessed work status, self-reported employment conditions, sick leave, and experienced cognitive limitations in work performance. RESULTS: An advantage for patients receiving subacute attention training regarding daily activities, work ability and returning to work. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that subacute rehabilitation with attention training (< 4 months) is preferable compared to post-acute intervention (4-12 months). There were only minor differences between the training methods.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Lesões Encefálicas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Retorno ao Trabalho , Qualidade de Vida , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Lesões Encefálicas/reabilitação , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/reabilitação , Atenção
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