Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.235
Filtrar
1.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 77(3-4): 121-129, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591925

RESUMO

Background and purpose:

We aimed to investigate the difference of clinical and electrophysiological improvement between perineural corticosteroid injection therapy (PCIT) and perineural 5% dextrose injection therapy (5%PDIT) in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

. Methods:

Total of 92 wrists that were diagnosed as mild-to-moderate idiopathic CTS and completed their follow-up were included in our study. The severity of pain, symptom severity and functional status were asses­sed by visual analog scale (VAS) and the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire (BCTQ) scores for treatment effectiveness. Randomized wrists were administered PCIT or 5%PDIT accompanied by ultrasound guidance. VAS, BCTQ scores and the electro­physiological study repeated before and after treatment at the 1st and 6th months after perineural injection therapies (PITs) were recorded.

. Results:

Compared with baseline data, within groups there was significant improvement in VAS, BCTQ severity and function scores at 1st and 6th months follow-up (all p < 0.001). Considerable advance were detected in the median sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) when pretreatment values were compared with posttreatment first month in both groups (p = 0.01; p < 0.001, respectively). No significant change occurred in median distal motor latency (DML) values between the 1st and 6th months in the groups (p = 0.095; p = 0.113, respectively). No significant difference was observed bet­ween 5%PDIT and PCIT groups.

. Conclusion:

Clinical and electrophysiologic improvement in CTS began from 1st month after PCIT and 5%PDIT. At the 6th month follow-up of the patients, 5%PDIT and PCIT had similar therapeutic effects. As a result, we can consider the replacement of PCIT with 5%PDIT in mild-to-moderate CTS patients especially in those who are hesitant because of the corticosteroid’s adverse effects.

.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Humanos , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/tratamento farmacológico , Punho , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Glucose
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(7)2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610549

RESUMO

Non-linear and dynamic systems analysis of human movement has recently become increasingly widespread with the intention of better reflecting how complexity affects the adaptability of motor systems, especially after a stroke. The main objective of this scoping review was to summarize the non-linear measures used in the analysis of kinetic, kinematic, and EMG data of human movement after stroke. PRISMA-ScR guidelines were followed, establishing the eligibility criteria, the population, the concept, and the contextual framework. The examined studies were published between 1 January 2013 and 12 April 2023, in English or Portuguese, and were indexed in the databases selected for this research: PubMed®, Web of Science®, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers®, Science Direct® and Google Scholar®. In total, 14 of the 763 articles met the inclusion criteria. The non-linear measures identified included entropy (n = 11), fractal analysis (n = 1), the short-term local divergence exponent (n = 1), the maximum Floquet multiplier (n = 1), and the Lyapunov exponent (n = 1). These studies focused on different motor tasks: reaching to grasp (n = 2), reaching to point (n = 1), arm tracking (n = 2), elbow flexion (n = 5), elbow extension (n = 1), wrist and finger extension upward (lifting) (n = 1), knee extension (n = 1), and walking (n = 4). When studying the complexity of human movement in chronic post-stroke adults, entropy measures, particularly sample entropy, were preferred. Kinematic assessment was mainly performed using motion capture systems, with a focus on joint angles of the upper limbs.


Assuntos
Articulação do Cotovelo , Extremidade Superior , Adulto , Humanos , Punho , Bases de Dados Factuais , Entropia
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 251, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine two techniques for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, mini-Open Carpal Tunnel Release (mini-OCTR) and Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release (ECTR), to compare their therapeutic efficacy. METHODS: Sixteen patients who underwent mini-OCTR in palmar incision and 17 patients who underwent ECTR in the wrist crease incision were included in the study. All patients presented preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively and were assessed with the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score (DASH). We also assessed the pain and cosmetic VAS of the entire affected hand or surgical wound, and the patient's satisfaction with the surgery. RESULTS: In the objective evaluation, both surgical techniques showed improvement at 6 months postoperatively. The DASH score was significantly lower in the ECTR group (average = 3 months: 13.6, 6 months: 11.9) than in the mini-OCTR group (average = 3 months: 27.3, 6 months: 20.6) at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Also, the pain VAS score was significantly lower in the ECTR group (average = 17.1) than in the mini-OCTR group (average = 36.6) at 3 months postoperatively. The cosmetic VAS was significantly lower in the ECTR group (average = 1 month: 15.3, 3 months: 12.2, 6 months: 5.41) than in the mini-OCTR group (average = 1 month: 33.3, 3 months: 31.2, 6 months: 24.8) at all time points postoperatively. Patient satisfaction scores tended to be higher in the ECTR group (average = 3.3) compared to the mini-OCTR group (average = 2.7). CONCLUSIONS: ECTR in wrist increase incision resulted in better pain and cosmetic recovery in an early postoperative phase compared with mini-OCTR in palmar incision. Our findings suggest that ECTR is an effective technique for patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Humanos , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Punho , Resultado do Tratamento , Endoscopia/métodos , Dor
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(14): e37684, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wrist arthroscopy technology is a surgical technology invented in recent years and widely used in clinical treatment of various wrist diseases. This study uses the methods of bibliometrics and visual analysis to understand the global research status, research hotspots, and future development trends of wrist arthroscopy. METHODS: The relevant literature of global publications on wrist arthroscopy from 2013 to 2023 was extracted from the Web of Science Core Collection database, and the annual output, cooperation, hot spots, research status, and development trend of this field were analyzed by using the bibliometric software (VOSviewers, CiteSpace, and the R package "Bibliometrix"). RESULTS: A total of 635 articles were included, from 2013 to 2023, the number of publications related to wrist arthroscopy showed an overall upward trend, the USA, France, and China are the top 3 countries in terms of the number of publications, whereas Mayo Clinic is the institution with the highest number of publications, Ho PC holds a core position in this field, keyword analysis indicates that the research hotspots are the applications of wrist arthroscopy in triangular fibrocartilage complex injuries, scaphoid nonunion, and avascular necrosis of the lunate. CONCLUSION SUBSECTIONS: Wrist arthroscopy has shown tremendous potential in treating various wrist diseases. However, there are still some challenges in its research domain. With continuous deep research, strengthened international collaboration, and ongoing technological advancements, wrist arthroscopy has the potential to become the standard treatment in hand surgery, offering more efficient and safer treatment options for patients worldwide.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Punho , Humanos , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Bibliometria , China
6.
Physiol Meas ; 45(4)2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530322

RESUMO

Increasing interest in measuring key components of the 24 h activity cycle (24-HAC) [sleep, sedentary behavior (SED), light physical activity (LPA), and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA)] has led to a need for better methods. Single wrist-worn accelerometers and different self-report instruments can assess the 24-HAC but may not accurately classify time spent in the different components or be subject to recall errors.Objective. To overcome these limitations, the current study harmonized output from multiple complimentary research grade accelerometers and assessed the feasibility and logistical challenges of this approach.Approach. Participants (n= 108) wore an: (a) ActiGraph GT9X on the wrist, (b) activPAL3 on the thigh, and (c) ActiGraph GT3X+ on the hip for 7-10 d to capture the 24-HAC. Participant compliance with the measurement protocol was compared across devices and an algorithm was developed to harmonize data from the accelerometers. The resulting 24-HAC estimates were described within and across days.Main results. Usable data for each device was obtained from 94.3% to 96.7% of participants and 89.4% provided usable data from all three devices. Compliance with wear instructions ranged from 70.7% of days for the GT3X+ to 93.2% of days for the activPAL3. Harmonized estimates indicated that, on average, university students spent 34% of the 24 h day sleeping, 41% sedentary, 21% in LPA, and 4% in MVPA. These behaviors varied substantially by time of day and day of the week.Significance. It is feasible to use three accelerometers in combination to derive a harmonized estimate the 24-HAC. The use of multiple accelerometers can minimize gaps in 24-HAC data however, factors such as additional research costs, and higher participant and investigator burden, should also be considered.


Assuntos
Ciclos de Atividade , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Punho , Comportamento Sedentário , Acelerometria
7.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 44(5): 333-339, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe spastic wrist contractures secondary to cerebral palsy (CP) or alike can have significant implications for patient hand function, hygiene, skin breakdown, and cosmesis. When these contractures become rigid, soft tissue procedures alone are unable to obtain or maintain the desired correction. In these patients' wrist arthrodesis is an option-enabling the hand to be stabilized in a more functional position for hygiene, dressing, and general cosmesis, though are patients satisfied? METHODS: All children who had undergone a wrist arthrodesis for the management of a severe wrist contracture at Shriners Hospital, Portland between January 2016 and January 2021 were identified (n=23). A chart review was undertaken to obtain data-demographic, operative, clinical, and radiographic. All patients were then contacted to participate in 2 patient-reported outcome questionnaires (74% response agreement), a numerical rating scale (NRS), based on the visual analog scale (VAS) and the disability analog scale (DAS). Results were assessed with the aid of descriptive statistics, means and percentages with the primary focus of determining overall patient satisfaction with the procedure. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients were included in the review, and 74% took part in the prospective survey. Included were 10 patients with hemiplegia, 4 with triplegia, 7 with quadriplegia, 1 with a diagnosis of Rhett syndrome, and 1 with a history of traumatic brain injury. All patients achieved radiologic union by a mean of 8 weeks, and 87% obtained a neutral postoperative wrist alignment. The NRS showed 88% of patients were highly satisfied with their results; specifically, 82% had an improved appearance, 53% improved function, 71% improved daily cares, and 65% improved hygiene. The postoperative DAS score averaged 4.7 of 12 indicating mild disability. When looking at how a patient's diagnostic subtype affected outcome results, patients with triplegia reported less improvement and greater disability on the NRS and DAS, averaging 9.5 (severe disability on the DAS). The GMFCS classification had less correlation with outcomes. CONCLUSION: Wrist arthrodesis is a good option for the management of pediatric spastic wrist contractures, with limited complications and an overall high patient/carer satisfaction rate. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV-case series.


Assuntos
Contratura , Punho , Humanos , Criança , Espasticidade Muscular/cirurgia , Espasticidade Muscular/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Punho/cirurgia , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/cirurgia , Artrodese/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Ann Ital Chir ; 95(1): 78-90, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the clinical effects between wrist arthroscopy-assisted open reduction plus internal fixation, using the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) as an example, and simple open reduction plus internal fixation in the treatment of distal radius fractures (DRFs). The study aims to assess the efficacy of arthroscopic-assisted open reduction and internal fixation in treating distal radius fractures. METHODS: The study utilized a retrospective cohort research approach, involving 60 patients treated at Binzhou Medical University Hospital between August 2021 and October 2022. These patients met the specified criteria and underwent two distinct surgical procedures for DRFs. Prior to surgery, thorough communication was established with the patients to elucidate the advantages, risks, and associated costs of wrist arthroscopy, and informed consent was obtained. Subsequent to the surgeries, postoperative follow-up was conducted to evaluate the variances between the two treatment modalities. Postoperative analysis and assessment encompassed the patients' Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores, Cooney wrist scores, grip strength of the affected limb (in comparison with the healthy side), wrist range of motion, and the frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy usage. RESULTS: No surgical complications were observed among all patients. They were followed up for an average duration of (12.1 ± 1.3) months postoperatively, during which all fractures healed successfully. Within the treatment group, arthroscopy detected 14 cases of TFCC tears during the operation, all of which were repaired under a microscope. Conversely, physical examination identified three cases of TFCC injury in the control group, which were treated via incision and suture. At the 3-month postoperative mark, the treatment group exhibited significantly superior comprehensive scores for wrist pain, grip strength, and wrist range of motion compared to the control group (p < 0.05). Cooney's comprehensive wrist joint scoring yielded the following results: treatment group - excellent in 21 cases, good in five cases, and moderate in four cases; control group - excellent in 16 cases, good in nine cases, and moderate in five cases. CONCLUSION: Wrist arthroscopy-assisted surgery facilitates precise reduction of the articular surface and alleviation of intraarticular congestion. Moreover, it enables evaluation and repair of concurrent intra-articular injuries such as TFCC tears and other tissue injuries, thereby reducing the likelihood of chronic wrist pain. Consequently, this technique should be deemed valuable in clinical practice owing to its outstanding clinical efficacy.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Rádio , Fibrocartilagem Triangular , Fraturas do Punho , Traumatismos do Punho , Humanos , Fibrocartilagem Triangular/cirurgia , Fibrocartilagem Triangular/lesões , Punho , Artroscopia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos do Punho/cirurgia , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Articulação do Punho/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Dor
9.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 37: 170-176, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ː Early detection of loss of proprioception is essential to prevent injury and maintain professional work activities. However, although many different methods are present for wrist proprioception measurement, these methods' validity and reliability studies are quite limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare the validity and reliability of the goniometer, inclinometer, and joint position sense goniometer methods used in measuring wrist active joint position sense (AJPS). METHODS: ː Thirty-two volunteer healthy participants (64 wrists) between the ages of 19-31 (mean age:23,34 ± 3,84) were included in the study. Wrist AJPS was assessed with an isokinetic dynamometer as a reference standard in addition to an inclinometer, goniometer, and joint position sense goniometer (JPSG). Spearman's Correlation Coefficient was used for validity analysis, and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC3,1) was used to analyze test-retest reliability. RESULTS: ː It was found that the goniometer (p < 0.001, r = 0.529) is a moderately valid method to assess active wrist joint position sense. The JPSG (p < 0.001, r = 0.432) and inclinometer (p = 0.005, r = 0.350) have weak validity. According to the results of ICC3,1 analysis, the goniometer (p < 0.001, ICC3,1 = 0.422) and JPSG (p < 0.001, ICC3,1 = 0.369) were found to have poor reliability in assessing wrist AJPS, and the inclinometer (p = 0,183, ICC3,1 = 0,114) was not found as a reliable method. CONCLUSIONS: ː Our results suggest that the JPSG and inclinometer should not be used in the wrist active joint position sense evaluation because of weak validity and poor reliability. The goniometer can be used in clinics and academic research to evaluate wrist joint position sense if the rater lacks a reliable and valid measurement tool.


Assuntos
Articulação do Punho , Punho , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Recém-Nascido , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Propriocepção , Terapia por Exercício
10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(6)2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38544207

RESUMO

The remote monitoring of vital signs and healthcare provision has become an urgent necessity due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the world. Blood oxygen level, heart rate, and body temperature data are crucial for managing the disease and ensuring timely medical care. This study proposes a low-cost wearable device employing non-contact sensors to monitor, process, and visualize critical variables, focusing on body temperature measurement as a key health indicator. The wearable device developed offers a non-invasive and continuous method to gather wrist and forehead temperature data. However, since there is a discrepancy between wrist and actual forehead temperature, this study incorporates statistical methods and machine learning to estimate the core forehead temperature from the wrist. This research collects 2130 samples from 30 volunteers, and both the statistical least squares method and machine learning via linear regression are applied to analyze these data. It is observed that all models achieve a significant fit, but the third-degree polynomial model stands out in both approaches. It achieves an R2 value of 0.9769 in the statistical analysis and 0.9791 in machine learning.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Punho/fisiologia , Temperatura , Pandemias
11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(6)2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38544228

RESUMO

To date, clinical expert opinion is the gold standard diagnostic technique for Parkinson's disease (PD), and continuous monitoring is a promising candidate marker. This study assesses the feasibility and performance of a new wearable tool for supporting the diagnosis of Parkinsonian motor syndromes. The proposed method is based on the use of a wrist-worn measuring system, the execution of a passive, continuous recording session, and a computation of two digital biomarkers (i.e., motor activity and rest tremor index). Based on the execution of some motor tests, a second step is provided for the confirmation of the results of passive recording. In this study, fifty-nine early PD patients and forty-one healthy controls were recruited. The results of this study show that: (a) motor activity was higher in controls than in PD with slight tremors at rest and did not significantly differ between controls and PD with mild-to-moderate tremor rest; (b) the tremor index was smaller in controls than in PD with mild-to-moderate tremor rest and did not significantly differ between controls and PD patients with slight tremor rest; (c) the combination of the said two motor parameters improved the performances in differentiating controls from PD. These preliminary findings demonstrate that the combination of said two digital biomarkers allowed us to differentiate controls from early PD.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Tremor , Humanos , Tremor/diagnóstico , Punho , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Extremidade Superior , Biomarcadores
12.
Nutrients ; 16(5)2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474805

RESUMO

(1) Background: High blood pressure (HBP) and obesity are significant and growing public health issues worldwide. Our study aimed to evaluate the associations of neck circumference (NC), mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and wrist circumference (WrC) with HBP among Lithuanian children and adolescents aged 7-17 years. (2) Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data on BP and anthropometric measurements were analysed in 3688 children and adolescents aged 7-17 years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the associations between anthropometric indices and HBP. (3) Results: Overall, the prevalence rates of elevated BP and hypertension were 13.7% and 12.9%, respectively. After adjustment for age, BMI, and WC, statistically significant elevated aORs were observed for associations between greater NC, MUAC, WrC, and HBP in boys (aORs: 2.13, 2.46, and 2.48, respectively) and in girls (aORs: 2.01, 2.36, and 2.09, respectively). Moreover, per-unit increase in NC, MUAC, and WrC was also associated with greater odds of HBP in boys (aORs: 1.20, 1.21, and 1.37, respectively) and in girls (aORs: 1.10, 1.10, and 1.21, respectively). The analysed anthropometric indices presented higher area under the curve values for predicting HBP in boys than in girls. (4) Conclusions: This study suggests that higher NC, MUAC, and WrC are associated with increased odds of HBP in Lithuanian children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Punho , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Braço/anatomia & histologia , Lituânia/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Circunferência da Cintura
13.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(5)2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474915

RESUMO

This work investigates a new sensing technology for use in robotic human-machine interface (HMI) applications. The proposed method uses near E-field sensing to measure small changes in the limb surface topography due to muscle actuation over time. The sensors introduced in this work provide a non-contact, low-computational-cost, and low-noise method for sensing muscle activity. By evaluating the key sensor characteristics, such as accuracy, hysteresis, and resolution, the performance of this sensor is validated. Then, to understand the potential performance in intention detection, the unmodified digital output of the sensor is analysed against movements of the hand and fingers. This is done to demonstrate the worst-case scenario and to show that the sensor provides highly targeted and relevant data on muscle activation before any further processing. Finally, a convolutional neural network is used to perform joint angle prediction over nine degrees of freedom, achieving high-level regression performance with an RMSE value of less than six degrees for thumb and wrist movements and 11 degrees for finger movements. This work demonstrates the promising performance of this novel approach to sensing for use in human-machine interfaces.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Mãos/fisiologia , Dedos/fisiologia , Punho/fisiologia , Polegar
14.
Am J Manag Care ; 30(3): e65-e72, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457824

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the national prevalence and cost of inappropriate MRI in patients with wrist pain prior to and following American College of Radiology (ACR) guideline publication. STUDY DESIGN: We used administrative claims from the IBM MarketScan Research Databases to evaluate the appropriateness of wrist MRI in a national cohort of patients with commercial insurance or Medicare Advantage. METHODS: Adult patients with a diagnosis of wrist pain between 2016 and 2019 were included and followed for 1 year. We made assessments of appropriateness based on ACR guidelines for specific wrist pain etiologies. We tabulated the total costs and out-of-pocket expenses associated with inappropriate MRI studies using weighted mean payments for facility and professional fees. We performed segmented logistic regression on interrupted time series data to identify predictors of receiving inappropriate imaging and the impact of guideline publication on MRI use. RESULTS: The study cohort consisted of 867,119 individuals. Of these, 40,164 individuals (4.6%) had MRI, of whom 52.6% received an inappropriate study. Inappropriate studies accounted for $44,493,234 in total payments and $8,307,540 in out-of-pocket expenses. The interrupted time series found an approximately 1% monthly decrease in the odds of receiving an inappropriate study after guideline dissemination. CONCLUSIONS: MRI as a diagnostic tool for wrist pain is often inappropriate and expensive. Our findings support interventions to increase guideline adherence, such as integrated clinical decision support tools.


Assuntos
Seguro , Punho , Idoso , Adulto , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Medicare , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Neurol India ; 72(1): 225, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443053
16.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300046, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451901

RESUMO

Symptoms in people with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) are traditionally attributed to neural tissue, but recent studies suggest that the subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT) may also play a role in CTS. The SSCT undergoes fibrotic thickening which is generally described as "non-inflammatory" based on basic histology. This study uses immunohistochemistry to determine the presence of macrophages and T-cells within SSCT and their relationship with symptoms in people with CTS. SSCT was collected from twenty people with CTS and eight controls undergoing wrist fracture surgery. Immunohistochemical quantification of CD3+ T-cells and CD68+ macrophage densities as well as CD4+/CD8+ T-cell subpopulations were compared between groups using independent t-tests. Spearman correlations were used to identify associations between immune cell densities and CTS symptom scores. The density of CD3+ T-cells was significantly higher in SSCT of people with CTS compared to controls (CTS mean 26.7 (SD 13.7); controls 6.78 (6.3), p = 0.0005) while the density of CD68+ macrophages was lower (CTS mean 9.5 (SD 6.0); controls 17.7 (8.2), p = 0.0058). Neither CD68+ nor CD3+ cell densities correlated with symptom scores. In contrast to previous assumptions, our data show that the SSCT in the carpal tunnel in both people with CTS and controls is not devoid of immune cells. Whereas the higher density of CD68+ macrophages in control participants may be associated with their early recruitment after acute fracture, CD3+ cells within the SSCT may play a role in chronic CTS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Traumatismos do Punho , Humanos , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Membrana Sinovial , Tecido Conjuntivo , Punho
17.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299295, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accelerometers are widely adopted in research and consumer devices as a tool to measure physical activity. However, existing algorithms used to estimate activity intensity are wear-site-specific. Non-compliance to wear instructions may lead to misspecifications. In this study, we developed deep neural network models to classify device placement and activity intensity based on raw acceleration data. Performances of these models were evaluated by making comparisons to the ground truth and results derived from existing count-based algorithms. METHODS: 54 participants (26 adults 26.9±8.7 years; 28 children, 12.1±2.3 years) completed a series of activity tasks in a laboratory with accelerometers attached to each of their hip, wrist, and chest. Their metabolic rates at rest and during activity periods were measured using the portable COSMED K5; data were then converted to metabolic equivalents, and used as the ground truth for activity intensity. Deep neutral networks using the Long Short-Term Memory approach were trained and evaluated based on raw acceleration data collected from accelerometers. Models to classify wear-site and activity intensity, respectively, were evaluated. RESULTS: The trained models correctly classified wear-sites and activity intensities over 90% of the time, which outperformed count-based algorithms (wear-site correctly specified: 83% to 85%; wear-site misspecified: 64% to 75%). When additional parameters of age, height and weight of participants were specified, the accuracy of some prediction models surpassed 95%. CONCLUSIONS: Results of the study suggest that accelerometer placement could be determined prospectively, and non-wear-site-specific algorithms had satisfactory accuracies. The performances, in terms of intensity classification, of these models also exceeded typical count-based algorithms. Without being restricted to one specific wear-site, research protocols for accelerometers wear could allow more autonomy to participants, which may in turn improve their acceptance and compliance to wear protocols, and in turn more accurate results.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Acelerometria , Exercício Físico , Algoritmos , Punho , Aceleração
18.
J Sports Sci Med ; 23(1): 79-96, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38455433

RESUMO

The purposes were to examine the criterion-related validity of the steps estimated by consumer-wearable activity trackers (wrist-worn activity trackers: Fitbit Ace 2, Garmin Vivofit Jr, and Xiomi Mi Band 5; smartphone applications: Pedometer, Pedometer Pacer Health, and Google Fit/Apple Health) and their comparability in primary schoolchildren under controlled conditions. An initial sample of 66 primary schoolchildren (final sample = 56; 46.4% females), aged 9-12 years old (mean = 10.4 ± 1.0 years), wore three wrist-worn activity trackers (Fitbit Ace 2, Garmin Vivofit Jr 2, and Xiaomi Mi Band 5) on their non-dominant wrist and had three applications in two smartphones (Pedometer, Pedometer Pacer Health, and Google Fit/Apple Health for Android/iOS installed in Samsung Galaxy S20+/iPhone 11 Pro Max) in simulated front trouser pockets. Primary schoolchildren's steps estimated by the consumer-wearable activity trackers and the video-based counting independently by two researchers (gold standard) were recorded while they performed a 200-meter course in slow, normal and brisk pace walking, and running conditions. Results showed that the criterion-related validity of the step scores estimated by the three Samsung applications and the Garmin Vivofit Jr 2 were good-excellent in the four walking/running conditions (e.g., MAPE = 0.6-2.3%; lower 95% CI of the ICC = 0.81-0.99), as well as being comparable. However, the Apple applications, Fitbit Ace 2, and Xiaomi Mi Band 5 showed poor criterion-related validity and comparability on some walking/running conditions (e.g., lower 95% CI of the ICC < 0.70). Although, as in real life primary schoolchildren also place their smartphones in other parts (e.g., schoolbags, hands or even somewhere away from the body), the criterion-related validity of the Garmin Vivofit Jr 2 potentially would be considerably higher than that of the Samsung applications. The findings of the present study highlight the potential of the Garmin Vivofit Jr 2 for monitoring primary schoolchildren's steps under controlled conditions.


Assuntos
Monitores de Aptidão Física , Caminhada , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Actigrafia , Smartphone , Punho
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(5)2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475215

RESUMO

Increasing age is related to a decrease in independence of movement and with this decrease comes falls, millions of falls occur every year and the most affected people are the older adults. These falls usually have a big impact on health and independence of the older adults, as well as financial impact on the health systems. Thus, many studies have developed fall detectors from several types of sensors. Previous studies related to the creation of fall detection systems models use only one dataset that usually has a small number of samples. Training and testing machine learning models in this small scope: (i) yield overoptimistic classification rates, (ii) do not generalize to real-life situations and (iii) have very high rate of false positives. Given this, the proposal of this research work is the creation of a new dataset that encompasses data from three different datasets, with more than 1300 fall samples and 28 K negative samples. Our new dataset includes a standard way of adding samples, which allow the future addition of other data sources. We evaluate our dataset by using classic cost-sensitive Machine Leaning methods that deal with class imbalance. For the training and validation of this model, a set of temporal and frequency features were extracted from the raw data of an accelerometer and a gyroscope using a sliding window of 2 s with an overlap of 50%. We study the generalization properties of each dataset, by testing on the other datasets and also the performance of our new dataset. The model showed a good ability to distinguish between activities of daily living and falls, achieving a recall of 90.57%, a specificity of 96.91% and an Area Under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve (AUC-ROC) value of 98.85% against the combination of three datasets.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Punho , Humanos , Idoso , Movimento , Articulação do Punho , Algoritmos
20.
Am J Occup Ther ; 78(2)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478583

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP) have poor strength and movement control on one side of their body, leading to impaired bimanual coordination skills. OBJECTIVE: To compare duration and intensity of all-day habitual movement of the dominant and nondominant upper extremities (UEs) in typically developing (TD) children and children with UCP. DESIGN: Two-group observational study. SETTING: Children's naturalistic settings. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 9 TD children and 9 children with UCP. INTERVENTION: Children wore accelerometers on both wrists all day and night for 1 wk. OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: We compared the extent of asymmetry in bilateral arm use (intensity and duration) between the 2 groups. RESULTS: Compared with TD children who use both UEs equally, children with UCP were more likely to use their dominant or unaffected UE than their nondominant or affected UE during daily activities. There were no differences between groups in dominant UE activity. However, children with UCP engaged in lower levels of moderate to vigorous activity and greater levels of light activity with their nondominant or affected UE than their TD peers. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Wrist-worn accelerometry can provide objective information on real-world habitual activity with both arms in children. Accelerometers are nonintrusive, easy to use, and well tolerated by children, and they allow prolonged monitoring of UE activity outside therapeutic contexts. Occupational therapists can use wrist-worn accelerometers as sensitive tools to assess asymmetries in UE use at baseline and as an outcome measure to assess the efficacy of behavioral interventions and carryover into real-world settings among children with UCP. Plain-Language Summary: This pilot study provides promising evidence that supports the use of wrist-worn accelerometry as an accurate, easy-to-use, and objective assessment tool for children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP) to detect asymmetries in bilateral real-world arm activity at baseline and after intensive occupational therapy interventions to improve arm function. The authors used wrist-worn accelerometry for one week with 9 typically developing (TD) children and 9 children with UCP to compare dominant or unaffected versus nondominant or affected upper extremity (UE) use for intensity and duration of activity. Compared with TD children, children with UCP had lower relative intensity of activity in the nondominant UE than the dominant UE. Wrist-worn accelerometers seem to be a sensitive measure to detect asymmetries in bilateral all-day UE use in children with UCP. The findings have implications for the use of wrist-worn accelerometers as an outcome measure to assess the efficacy of intensive therapies to improve real-world affected UE activity and bimanual function among children with UCP.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Punho , Criança , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Extremidade Superior , Acelerometria
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...