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1.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(5): 167, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592380

RESUMO

Microorganisms are crucial elements of terrestrial ecosystems, which play significant roles in improving soil physicochemical properties, providing plant growth nutrients, degrading toxic and harmful chemicals, and biogeochemical cycling. Variations in the types and quantities of root exudates among different plants greatly alter soil physicochemical properties and result in variations in the diversity, structure, and function of soil microorganisms. Not much is understood about the differences of soil fungi and archaea communities for different plant communities in coastal wetlands, and their response mechanisms to environmental changes. In this study, fungal and archaea communities in soils of Suaeda salsa, Phragmites australis, and Spartina alterniflora in the intertidal habitat of coastal wetlands were selected for research. Soil fungi and archaea were analyzed for diversity, community structure, and function using high throughput ITS and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The study revealed significant differences in fungi and archaea's diversity and community structure in the rhizosphere soil of three plant communities. At the same time, there is no significant difference in the functional groups. SOM, TP, AP, MC, EC and SOM, TN, TP, AP, MC, EC are the primary environmental determinants affecting changes in soil fungal and archaeal communities, respectively. Variations in the diversity, community structure, and ecological functions of fungi and archaea can be used as indicators characterizing the impact of external disturbances on the soil environment, providing a theoretical foundation for the effective utilization of soil microbial resources, thereby achieving the goal of environmental protection and health promotion.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Áreas Alagadas , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Archaea/genética , Poaceae , Solo , Fungos/genética
2.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(5): 419, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570389

RESUMO

Seasonally astatic aquatic habitats are important ecologically, municipally, and agriculturally. Regulatory agencies and conservation organizations have developed various plans for protecting or constructing temporary wetlands, resulting in habitat monitoring requirements, particularly as relates to restoration and constructed habitats. Unfortunately, there has been no effort to develop a unified, consistent method for wetland biological monitoring. This is particularly true for habitats important in a regulatory sense. We conducted macroinvertebrate bioassessment in constructed vernal pools in California, USA, to assess habitat functionality. This tool is modified from aquatic bioassessment; a primary tool of regulatory agencies in measuring habitat health and water quality and should be equally applicable to seasonally astatic wetlands globally.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Áreas Alagadas , Estações do Ano , Qualidade da Água
3.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(5): 425, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573498

RESUMO

The remediation of polluted soil and water stands as a paramount task in safeguarding environmental sustainability and ensuring a dependable water source. Biochar, celebrated for its capacity to enhance soil quality, stimulate plant growth, and adsorb a wide spectrum of contaminants, including organic and inorganic pollutants, within constructed wetlands, emerges as a promising solution. This review article is dedicated to examining the effects of biochar amendments on the efficiency of wastewater purification within constructed wetlands. This comprehensive review entails an extensive investigation of biochar's feedstock selection, production processes, characterization methods, and its application within constructed wetlands. It also encompasses an exploration of the design criteria necessary for the integration of biochar into constructed wetland systems. Moreover, a comprehensive analysis of recent research findings pertains to the role of biochar-based wetlands in the removal of both organic and inorganic pollutants. The principal objectives of this review are to provide novel and thorough perspectives on the conceptualization and implementation of biochar-based constructed wetlands for the treatment of organic and inorganic pollutants. Additionally, it seeks to identify potential directions for future research and application while addressing prevailing gaps in knowledge and limitations. Furthermore, the study delves into the potential limitations and risks associated with employing biochar in environmental remediation. Nevertheless, it is crucial to highlight that there is a significant paucity of data regarding the influence of biochar on the efficiency of wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands, with particular regard to its impact on the removal of both organic and inorganic pollutants.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal , Poluentes Ambientais , Áreas Alagadas , Monitoramento Ambiental , Biodegradação Ambiental , Solo , Água
4.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(6): 1466-1481, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557712

RESUMO

Floating treatment wetlands (FTWs) have the potential to improve the quality of wastewater discharges, yet design basics are unavailable to size these systems. This study investigates the effect of FTWs' coverage ratio and hydraulic retention time on agri-food wastewater treatment. This was studied in a pilot-scale experiment comprising four lagoons (6.5 m3 each) fed with real effluent from an existing tertiary treatment lagoon. An evaluation of FTW of different sizes (L24, L48, and L72 representing 24, 48, and 72% of pilot lagoons surface areas) and a control, L0 (without FTW), was performed over 16 months. Overall, L72 and L48 moderately improved total nitrogen (TN) mass removal compared to L0 (p < 0.05), while L24 exhibited similar TN mass removal (p = 0.196). The highest improvement was observed for L72, exhibiting up to 55% (mean of 13%) greater N mass removal than the control. The net increase in TN removal by FTWs was mainly related to denitrification, promoted by decreasing dissolved oxygen for increasing FTW coverage ratio. Residence time, temperature, and dissolved oxygen were the main parameters driving TN removal by FTWs. Retrofitting existing lagoons with FTW can facilitate N retrieval through plant harvesting, thereby reducing N remobilization from sediment (common in conventional lagoons).


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Áreas Alagadas , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Desnitrificação , Nitrogênio/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Oxigênio
5.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(5): 432, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581451

RESUMO

The East Kolkata Wetlands (EKWT), designated as a Ramsar Site for its crucial role in sewage water purification, agriculture and pisciculture, faces escalating environmental threats due to rapid urbanisation. Employing the pressure-state-response (PSR) framework and Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA), this study spans three decades to elucidate the evolving dynamics of EKWT. Using Landsat TM and OLI images from 1991, 2001, 2011 and 2021, the research identifies key parameters within the PSR framework. Principal component analysis generates environmental risk maps, revealing a 46% increase in urbanisation, leading to reduced vegetation cover and altered land surface conditions. The spatial analysis, utilizing Getis-Ord Gi* statistics, pinpoints risk hotspots and coldspots in the EKWT region. Correlation analysis underscores a robust relationship between urbanisation, climatic response and environmental risk. Decadal ERA exposes a noteworthy surge in high-risk areas, indicating a deteriorating trend. Quantitative assessments pinpoint environmental risk hotspots, emphasizing the imperative for targeted conservation measures. The study establishes a direct correlation between environmental risk and air quality, underscoring the broader implications of EKWT's degradation. While acknowledging the East Kolkata administration's efforts, the research recognises its limitations and advocates a holistic, multidisciplinary approach for future investigations. Recommendations encompass the establishment of effective institutions, real-time monitoring, public engagement and robust anti-pollution measures. In offering quantitative insights, this study provides an evidence-based foundation for conservation strategies and sustainable management practices essential to safeguard the East Kolkata Wetlands.


Assuntos
Purificação da Água , Áreas Alagadas , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Agricultura , Esgotos , Purificação da Água/métodos
6.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 28(4): 494-500, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although malnutrition has been linked to worse healthcare outcomes, the broader context of food environments has not been examined relative to surgical outcomes. We sought to define the impact of food environment on postoperative outcomes of patients undergoing resection for colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for CRC between 2014 and 2020 were identified from the Medicare database. Patient-level data were linked to the United States Department of Agriculture data on food environment. Multivariable regression was used to examine the association between food environment and the likelihood of achieving a textbook outcome (TO). TO was defined as the absence of an extended length of stay (≥75th percentile), postoperative complications, readmission, and mortality within 90 days. RESULTS: A total of 260,813 patients from 3017 counties were included in the study. Patients from unhealthy food environments were more likely to be Black, have a higher Charlson Comorbidity Index, and reside in areas with higher social vulnerability (all P < .01). Patients residing in unhealthy food environments were less likely to achieve a TO than that of patients residing in the healthiest food environments (food swamp: 48.8% vs 52.4%; food desert: 47.9% vs 53.7%; P < .05). On multivariable analysis, individuals residing in the unhealthy food environments had lower odds of achieving a TO than those of patients living in the healthiest food environments (food swamp: OR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.83-0.90; food desert: OR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.76-0.82); P < .05). CONCLUSION: The surrounding food environment of patients may serve as a modifiable sociodemographic risk factor that contributes to disparities in postoperative CRC outcomes.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Colorretal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Humanos , Idoso , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Desertos Alimentares , Áreas Alagadas , Medicare , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 196(4): 407, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561512

RESUMO

Small mammals have a short lifetime and are strictly associated with their environment. This work aimed to use histopathology to assess the health of Holochilus chacarius in a rice agroecosystem in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso do Sul. During necropsy, fragments of the lung, kidney, skin, liver, and reproductive system of 33 animals were collected and submitted to histological processing. Tissue damages were evaluated as mild, moderate, and severe and arranged in a matrix for further statistical analysis. Furthermore, we used generalized linear models to verify the influence of tissue changes on the body condition, obtained by a regression between body mass and length. In the lungs, we found an intense inflammatory infiltrate associated with anthracosis that had a negative influence on the body's condition. Also, we observed degenerative and inflammatory changes in the liver, kidneys, skin, and reproductive system that ranged from mild to moderate. The histopathological lesions observed in this study may be associated with environmental alterations of anthropic origin such as the exposure to soot from wildfires and heavy metals, evidenced by lesions in the lung, kidney, and liver. The present study provided a histopathological matrix as a new approach that allows to classify and quantify the tissue alterations. Tissue changes when associated with body condition demonstrated to be an effective tool to assess the health of small free-living mammals, showing that these animals can be used as bioindicators of environmental condition.


Assuntos
Oryza , Roedores , Animais , Arvicolinae , Áreas Alagadas , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sigmodontinae
8.
Int. microbiol ; 27(2): 607-614, Abr. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-ADZ-171

RESUMO

Wetlands are the main natural sources of methane emissions, which make up a significant portion of greenhouse gas emissions. Such wetland patches serve as rich habitats for aerobic methanotrophs. Limited knowledge of methanotrophs from tropical wetlands widens the scope of study from these habitats. In the present study, a freshwater wetland in a tropical region in India was sampled and serially diluted to obtain methanotrophs in culture. This was followed by the isolation of methanotrophs on agarose-containing plates, incubated under methane: air atmosphere. Methanotrophs are difficult to cultivate, and very few cultures of methanotrophs are available from tropical wetlands. Our current study reports the cultivation of a diverse community of methanotrophs from six genera, namely, Methylomonas, Methylococcus, Methylomagnum, Methylocucumis (type I methanotrophs) along with Methylocystis, Methylosinus (type II methanotrophs). A high abundance of methanotrophs (106–1010 methanotrophs/g fresh weight) was observed in the samples. A Methylococcus strain could represent a putative novel species that was also isolated. Cultures of Methylomagnum and Methylocucumis, two newly described type I methanotrophs exclusively found in rice fields, were obtained. A large number of Methylomonas koyamae strains were cultured. Our study is pioneering in the documentation of culturable methanotrophs from a typical tropical wetland patch. The isolated methanotrophs can act as models for studying methanotroph-based methane mitigation from wetland habitats and can be used for various mitigation and valorization applications. (AU)


Assuntos
Áreas Alagadas , Metano , Efeito Estufa , Gases , Ecossistema , Água Doce
9.
Zootaxa ; 5406(2): 336-342, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480150

RESUMO

Continued collecting efforts at the Jiulong National Wetland Park, Zhejiang, East China revealed two additional species of the ant-loving beetle subfamily Pselaphinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): Trisiniotus jiulong sp. nov. and Arthromelodes lianghongbini sp. nov. Both new species are diagnosed, described, and their important characters are illustrated.


Assuntos
Formigas , Besouros , Animais , Áreas Alagadas , Distribuição Animal , China
10.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300485, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470886

RESUMO

The wastewater from underground coal gasification (UCG) process has extremely complex composition and high concentrations of toxic and refractory compounds including phenolics, aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, ammonia, cyanides, hazardous metals and metalloids. So, the development of biological processes for treating UCG wastewater poses a serious challenge in the sustainable coal industry. The aim of the study was to develop an innovative and efficient wetland construction technology suitable for a treatment of UCG wastewater using available and low-cost media. During the bioremediation process the toxicity of the raw wastewater decreased significantly between 74%-99%. The toxicity units (TU) ranged from values corresponding to very high acute toxic for raw wastewater to non-toxic for effluents from wetland columns after 60 days of the experiment. The toxicity results correlated with the decrease of some organic and inorganic compounds such as phenols, aromatic hydrocarbons, cyanides, metals and ammonia observed during the bioremediation process. The removal percentage of organic compounds like BTEX, PAHs and phenol was around 99% just after 14 days of treatment. A similar removal rate was indicated for cyanide and metals (Zn, Cr, Cd and Pb). Concluded, in order to effectively assess remediation technologies, it is desirable to consider combination of physicochemical parameters with ecotoxicity measurements. The present findings show that wetland remediation technology can be used to clean-up the heavily contaminated waters from the UCG process. Wetland technology as a nature-based solution has the potential to turn coal gasification wastewater into usable recycled water. It is economically and environmentally alternative treatment method.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Carvão Mineral , Amônia , Áreas Alagadas , Fenóis , Metais , Cianetos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
11.
Nature ; 627(8003): 458, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467882
12.
Proc Biol Sci ; 291(2018): 20240079, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471547

RESUMO

The fast rate of replacement of natural areas by expanding cities is a key threat to wildlife worldwide. Many wild species occur in cities, yet little is known on the dynamics of urban wildlife assemblages due to species' extinction and colonization that may occur in response to the rapidly evolving conditions within urban areas. Namely, species' ability to spread within urban areas, besides habitat preferences, is likely to shape the fate of species once they occur in a city. Here we use a long-term dataset on mammals occurring in one of the largest and most ancient cities in Europe to assess whether and how spatial spread and association with specific habitats drive the probability of local extinction within cities. Our analysis included mammalian records dating between years 1832 and 2023, and revealed that local extinctions in urban areas are biased towards species associated with wetlands and that were naturally rare within the city. Besides highlighting the role of wetlands within urban areas for conserving wildlife, our work also highlights the importance of long-term biodiversity monitoring in highly dynamic habitats such as cities, as a key asset to better understand wildlife trends and thus foster more sustainable and biodiversity-friendly cities.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Áreas Alagadas , Animais , Cidades , Mamíferos , Biodiversidade , Animais Selvagens
13.
Curr Microbiol ; 81(4): 107, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427056

RESUMO

Rhizospheric microbial community of emergent macrophytes plays an important role in nitrogen removal, especially in the eutrophic wetlands. The objective of this study was to identify the differences in anammox bacterial community composition among different emergent macrophytes and investigate revealed the the main factors affecting on the composition, diversity, and abundance of anammox bacterial community. Results showed that the composition, diversity, and abundance of the anammox community were significantly different between the vegetated sediments of three emergent macrophytes and unvegetated sediment. The composition of the anammox bacterial community was different in the vegetated sediments of different emergent macrophytes. Also, the abundance of nitrogen cycle-related functional genes in the vegetated sediments was found to be higher than that in the unvegetated sediment. Canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) and structural equation models analysis (SEM) showed that salinity and pH were the main environmental factors influencing the composition and diversity of the anammox bacterial community and NO2--N indirectly affected anammox bacterial community diversity by affecting TOC. nirK-type denitrifying bacteria abundance had significant effects on the bacterial community composition, diversity, and abundance of anammox bacteria. The community composition of anammox bacteria varies with emergent macrophyte species. The rhizosphere of emergent macrophytes provides a favorable environment and promotes the growth of nitrogen cycling-related microorganisms that likely accelerate nitrogen removal in eutrophic wetlands.


Assuntos
Rizosfera , Áreas Alagadas , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Lagos/microbiologia , Bactérias/genética , Ciclo do Nitrogênio , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia
14.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 310, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521796

RESUMO

Wetlands play a key role in maintaining ecological balance and climate regulation. However, due to the complex and variable spectral characteristics of wetlands, there are no publicly available global 30-meter time-series wetland dynamic datasets at present. In this study, we present novel global 30 m annual wetland maps (GWL_FCS30D) using time-series Landsat imagery on the Google Earth Engine platform, covering the period of 2000-2022 and containing eight wetland subcategories. Specifically, we make full use of our prior globally distributed wetland training sample pool, and adopt the local adaptive classification and spatiotemporal consistency checking algorithm to generate annual wetland maps. The GWL_FCS30D maps were found to achieve an overall accuracy and Kappa coefficient of 86.95 ± 0.44% and 0.822, respectively, in 2020, and show great temporal variability in the United States and the European Union. We expect the dataset would provide vital support for wetland ecosystems protection and sustainable development.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Áreas Alagadas , Clima , Monitoramento Ambiental
15.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(2): 415-423, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38523099

RESUMO

Estuarine wetlands exhibit significant interaction between fresh and salt water, with long-term carbon sequestration capability. We set up 60 sampling sites in the reed wetlands of the fresh-salt water interaction zone of the Yellow River Estuary, covering four different zones of the weak-intensity fresh-salt water interaction zone (WIZ), medium-intensity fresh-salt water interaction zone (MIZ), high-intensity interaction fresh-salt water zone (HIZ) and strong-intensity fresh-salt water interaction zone (SIZ). We investigated how fresh-salt water interaction affected the spatial variation of soil organic carbon (SOC) storage. The results showed that the area of reed wetland accounted for 17.8% of the total area of the fresh-salt water interaction zone the Yellow River Estuary, which mainly distributed in the WIZ and MIZ. The SOC content of reed wetland in the fresh-salt water interaction zone ranged from 1.09 to 3.65 g·kg-1, the SOC density was between 1.85-5.84 kg·m-2, and the SOC storage was (17.32±3.64)×104 t. The SOC content and SOC density decreased with increasing fresh-salt water interaction. There were significant differences in surface SOC content between different subzones of the fresh-salt water interaction zone. The surface SOC content decreased significantly with the increases of fresh-salt water interaction intensity. SOC density was positively correlated with SOC, TN, NH4+-N, and biomass, but negatively correlated with salt ions, soil bulk density, pH, and EC. SOC storage in the 0-30 cm soil layer accounted for 50.9%-64.2% of that in the 0-60 cm soil layer, while SOC storage in the 0-60 cm soil layer occupied 19.1%-37.7% of that in the 0-400 cm soil layer. The results could provide a scientific basis for accurately evaluating SOC storage of estuarine wetlands, improving carbon sink function and wetland management.


Assuntos
Rios , Áreas Alagadas , Rios/química , Carbono/análise , Solo/química , Estuários , Cloreto de Sódio , Água , China
16.
Sci Total Environ ; 922: 171361, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428614

RESUMO

Wetland degradation can induce alterations in plant biomass, soil properties, and soil ecoenzyme activities, consequently influencing soil organic carbon components. Despite extensive investigations into the relationships among plant characteristics, soil properties, and soil organic carbon components, the enzymatic mechanisms underlying changes in soil organic carbon components, particularly the impact and contribution of ecoenzyme activities, remain poorly understood. This study compared the soil organic carbon components at a depth of 0-20 cm in wetlands in the semi-arid western Songnen Plain under different degradation levels and explored plant biomass, soil properties, and soil ecoenzyme activities. The results showed that the soil total organic carbon, labile organic carbon, and recalcitrant organic carbon contents in the degraded wetlands were generally lower than those in the non-degraded wetlands. Furthermore, the soil nutrient contents and soil ß-1,4-glucosidase, L-leucine aminopeptidase, and acid phosphatase activities were also lower in the degraded wetlands than in the non-degraded wetlands. Vector analysis of enzymatic stoichiometry revealed that wetland degradation did not increase microbial carbon limitation. The soil organic carbon components showed significant positive correlations with plant biomass, soil water content, soil total nitrogen, soil total phosphorus, as well as soil ecoenzyme activities. Variation partitioning analysis revealed that plant biomass, soil properties, soil ecoenzyme activities collectively accounted for 78.5 % variation in soil organic carbon components, among which plant biomass, soil properties, soil ecoenzyme activities, and their interactions explaining 4.2 %, 8.0 %, 7.9 %, and 24.5 % of the variation, respectively. Therefore, the impact of soil ecoenzyme activities and soil properties on soil organic carbon component changes was greater than that of plant biomass, with the interaction of these three factors playing a crucial role in soil organic carbon formation. This study provides a theoretical basis for scientifically evaluating the carbon sink function of degraded wetland soil and preserving the wetland soil carbon pool.


Assuntos
Solo , Áreas Alagadas , Biomassa , Carbono/análise , Plantas , Nitrogênio/análise , Microbiologia do Solo , China
17.
Environ Pollut ; 346: 123682, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428788

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) in soil can influence CO2 dynamics by altering organic carbon (OC) and microbial composition. Nevertheless, the fluctuation of CO2 response attributed to MPs in mangrove sediments is unclear. This study explores the impact of micro-sized polypropylene (mPP) particles on the carbon dynamics of intertidal mangrove sediments. In the high-tide level sediment, after 28 days, the cumulative CO2 levels for varying mPP dosages were as follows: 496.86 ± 2.07, 430.38 ± 3.84 and 447.09 ± 1.72 mg kg-1 for 0.1%, 1% and 10% (w/w) mPP, respectively. The CO2 emissions were found to be increased with a 0.1% (w/w) mPP level and decreased with 1% and 10% (w/w) mPP at high-tide level sediment, suggesting a tide level-specific dose dependence of the CO2 emission pattern in mangrove sediments. Overall, results indicated that the presence of mPP in mangrove sediments would potentially affect intertidal total CO2 storage under given experimental conditions.


Assuntos
Microplásticos , Polipropilenos , Plásticos , Dióxido de Carbono , Áreas Alagadas , Sedimentos Geológicos
18.
Environ Pollut ; 346: 123672, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428796

RESUMO

Dredging wastewater (DW) from aquaculture ponds is a major disturbance factor in mangrove management, and its effects on the greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes from mangrove sediment remain controversial. In this study, we investigated GHG (N2O, CH4, and CO2) fluxes from mangrove sediment at typical aquaculture pond-mangrove sites that were stimulated by DW discharged for different input histories and from different farm types. The GHG fluxes exhibited differing cumulative effects with increasing periods of DW input. The N2O and CH4 fluxes from mangrove sediment that received DW inputs for 17 y increased by ∼10 and ∼1.5 times, respectively, whereas the CO2 flux from mangrove sediment that received DW inputs for 11 y increased by ∼1 time. The effect of DW from shrimp ponds on the N2O flux was significantly larger than those of DW from fish/crab ponds and razor clam ponds. Moreover, the total global warming potentials (GWPs) at the field sites with DW inputs increased by 29-129% of which the CO2 flux was the main contributor to the GWP (85-96%). N2O as a proportion of CO2-equivalent flux increased from 2% to 12%, indicating that N2O was an important contributor to the increase in GWP. Overall, DW increased the GHG fluxes from mangrove sediments, indicating that the contribution of mangroves to climate warming was enhanced under DW input. It also implies that the carbon sequestration potential of mangrove sediments may be threatened to some extent. Therefore, future assessments of the carbon sequestration capacity of mangroves at regional or global scales should consider this phenomenon.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Animais , Estuários , Águas Residuárias , Rios , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Aquicultura , China , Metano/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Áreas Alagadas
19.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 306, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509068

RESUMO

Mangroves are nature-based solutions for coastal protection however their ability to attenuate waves and stabilise and accrete sediment varies with their species-specific architecture and frontal area. Hydrodynamic models are typically used to predict and assess the protection afforded by mangroves, but without species or genus distribution information, the results can be significantly different from reality. Data on the frontal genus of mangroves exposed to waves and tides can provide information that can be used in hydrodynamic models to more accurately forecast the protection benefit provided by mangroves. Globally, frontal species were identified from existing mangrove zonation diagrams to create a global mangrove genus distribution map. This dataset aims to improve the accuracy of hydrodynamic models. Data may be of interest to researchers in coastal engineering, marine science, wetland ecology and blue carbon.


Assuntos
Avicennia , Ecologia , Rhizophoraceae , Áreas Alagadas , Carbono , Ecossistema , Previsões , Especificidade da Espécie
20.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(1): 133-140, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511449

RESUMO

Wetlands store one third of global soil organic carbon (SOC) and are strongly affected by artificial drainage. The impact of drainage-induced water-table decline on carbon cycling in different wetlands, particularly microbial transformation processes, remains unclear. To address this knowledge gap, we collected soil samples from two typical wetlands of China (a nutrient-poor bog located in Dajiuhu and a nutrient-rich fen in Hongyuan) and conducted an incubation experiment with the addition of 13C-labeled glucose to analyze the effects of short- and long-term drainage on SOC decomposition, extracellular enzyme activity, microbial carbon use efficiency (CUE), and microbial carbon accumulation efficiency (CAE). The results showed that both short- and long-term drainage significantly increased SOC decomposition rates in both wetlands (from 1.47 µg C·g-1·h-1 in submerged soils to 2.47 µg C·g-1·h-1 in drained soils), microbial biomass carbon derived from glucose (from 0.21 mg C·g-1 to 1.00 mg C·g-1) and CAE (from 0.29 to 0.73), but did not alter CUE (ranging from 0.34 to 0.86). Long-term drainage increased α-glucosidase activity in the Dajiuhu wetland and decreased ß-glucosidase and phenol oxidase activities in the Hongyuan wetland. In conclusion, drainage enhanced the 'microbial carbon pump' and its efficiency in wetlands mainly via increasing microbial intracellular metabolism (including respiration), but also acce-lerated SOC decomposition.


Assuntos
Solo , Áreas Alagadas , Carbono/análise , Microbiologia do Solo , China , Glucose
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