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1.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(2): 68, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994857

RESUMO

Atmospheric wet deposition (AWD) is closely related to air quality, and excessive deposition poses risks to ecological systems and human health. Seasonal and interannual variations in acidity, electric conductivity (EC), ionic composition, fluxes, sources, and atmospheric transport of AWD were analyzed at an urban site in Xi'an from 2016 to 2019. The annual volume-weighted mean (VWM) pH and EC values were 6.8 and 40.6 µS cm-1, respectively. NO3- (47%) was the most dominant anion, while Ca2+ (34%) was the most dominant cation. The analysis of fractional acidity (FA) and neutralization factors (NFs) showed that 96% of the acidity was neutralized by alkaline constituents, especially Ca2+ and NH4+. The annual AWD flux of total ions was 125.9 kg ha-1 year-1, and NO3-, NO2-, SO42- and NH4+ fluxes accounted for approximately 70%, indicating considerable sulfur (9.1 kg ha-1 year-1) and nitrogen (22.0 kg ha-1 year-1) deposition. Under dilution by precipitation, the EC and major ion concentrations were lower, while the pH and fluxes were higher, in summer and autumn, and the opposite results were observed in spring and winter. The source apportionment via by positive matrix factorization (PMF) revealed that the six sources of major ions were confirmed as follows: vehicular emissions (38.1%), agriculture (22.3%), fossil fuel combustion (13.8%), crust (12.9%), marine (9.6%), and biomass burning (3.3%). And on the basis of back trajectory analysis, the air masses of precipitation were primarily from the northwest in spring and winter, from the southeast in summer, and from various directions in autumn, and they transported different natural and anthropogenic pollutants along their paths, thereby affecting the chemical composition and fluxes of AWD.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Estações do Ano , Emissões de Veículos
2.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(2): 69, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994867

RESUMO

An investigation of water quality and heavy metal distribution in the groundwater samples collected from the vicinity of Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS), Narora, India, was conducted for the metals including Cu, Zn, Ni, Co, Cd, Pb, and Fe. A total of 16 water quality parameters were measured for all the groundwater samples, and TDS, TH, Mg2+, Ca2+, F-, and turbidity were found to be on the higher side in comparison to the prescribed limits of Indian standards. Geometrical mean concentrations for these heavy metals were found to be 0.049, 0.213, 0.23, 0.135, 0.017, 0.061, and BDL for Cu, Fe, Zn, Pb, Cd, Co, and Ni, respectively. Pb and Cd were more than the permissible limits (0.01 mg/L for Pb and 0.003 for Cd) prescribed for safe drinking water while Cu and Fe were exceeding the permissible limits of 0.05 mg/L and 0.3 mg/L in 32% and 36% samples, respectively. Health risk assessment was done by calculating total hazard quotient (THQ), and the values for all the metals were below the threshold value of 1.0 beyond which they may pose a significant risk.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Metais Pesados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Índia , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
3.
BMC Genomics ; 23(1): 17, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schisandra chinensis, an ancient member of the most basal angiosperm lineage which is known as the ANITA, is a fruit-bearing vine with the pharmacological effects of a multidrug system, such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, neuroprotective, anti-osteoporosis effects. Its major bioactive compound is represented by lignans such as schisandrin. Molecular characterization of lignan biosynthesis in S. chinensis is of great importance for improving the production of this class of active compound. However, the biosynthetic mechanism of schisandrin remains largely unknown. RESULTS: To understand the potential key catalytic steps and their regulation of schisandrin biosynthesis, we generated genome-wide transcriptome data from three different tissues of S. chinensis cultivar Cheongsoon, including leaf, root, and fruit, via long- and short-read sequencing technologies. A total of 132,856 assembled transcripts were generated with an average length of 1.9 kb and high assembly completeness. Overall, our data presented effective, accurate gene annotation in the prediction of functional pathways. In particular, the annotation revealed the abundance of transcripts related to phenylpropanoid biosynthesis. Remarkably, transcriptome profiling during fruit development of S. chinensis cultivar Cheongsoon revealed that the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway, specific to coniferyl alcohol biosynthesis, showed a tendency to be upregulated at the postfruit development stage. Further the analysis also revealed that the pathway forms a transcriptional network with fruit ripening-related genes, especially the ABA signaling-related pathway. Finally, candidate unigenes homologous to isoeugenol synthase 1 (IGS1) and dirigent-like protein (DIR), which are subsequently activated by phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and thus catalyze key upstream steps in schisandrin biosynthesis, were identified. Their expression was increased at the postfruit development stage, suggesting that they may be involved in the regulation of schisandrin biosynthesis in S. chinensis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide new insights into the production and accumulation of schisandrin in S. chinensis berries and will be utilized as a valuable transcriptomic resource for improving the schisandrin content.


Assuntos
Lignanas , Schisandra , Antioxidantes , Frutas/química , Frutas/genética , Lignanas/análise , Transcriptoma
4.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 54(1): 38, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997337

RESUMO

This study shows the effectiveness of diet containing Trachyspermum copticum (TC), Majorana hortensis Minch (MH), Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl (SL), and Zingiber officinale (ZO) on the growth performance, biochemical factors, and qualitative agents of eggs of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) and their immune responses against Newcastle and Avian Influenza vaccine. For this prepose, 675 quails were divided into 9 groups with three replicates and fed with different treatment diets (basic diet with no supplements (control treatment diet) and diets supplemented with one of two levels (0.5 and 2%) of each plant powders). Data showed that the use of TC 2% increased the Haugh unit significantly (P < 0.05) compared with the control (P < 0.05). At the end of the experiment, shell weight (g) and shell thickness were also remarkably enhanced in treated groups compared with the control group. Moreover, the findings of this study showed the thiobarbituric acid and yolk cholesterol level reduced remarkably (P < 0.05) in the MH and SL groups without significant adverse effect on albumen protein (%) and total protein (%) level. In this study, TC-2%, ZO-2%, and SL-2% all increased the antibody titers against avian influenza. The use of a diet containing MH-2% increased Newcastle disease in Japanese quail in comparison to both controls and different levels of other medicinal herb powders. Based on these results, using these four herbal plant powders in Japanese quail, diets could positively affect their egg qualitative and biochemical factors.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza , Influenza Aviária , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Coturnix , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Imunidade , Óvulo , Codorniz
5.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(2): 125, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997854

RESUMO

A study based on a polyphasic taxonomic approach was carried out to identify and classify a novel marine alphaproteobacterium, designated as KMU-140T, isolated from coastal seawater collected at Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. Cells of strain KMU-140T were spherical, Gram-stain-negative, reddish-orange colored, strictly aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, non-motile, and chemoorganoheterotrophic. The novel isolate was able to grow at NaCl concentrations of 0-5%, pH 6.0-9.5, and 10-45 °C. A phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain KMU-140T belongs to the family Erythrobacteraceae and was most closely related to Erythrobacter longus OCh101T (98.7%). Strain KMU-140T contained ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) as the only respiratory quinone and C18:1 ω7c, iso-C18:0, and C16:0 as the main (> 10%) cellular fatty acids. Strain KMU-140T produced carotenoid compounds that rendered the cell biomass a reddish-orange color. The assembled draft genome size of strain KMU-140T was 3.04 Mbp with G + C content of 60.6 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI), digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH), and average amino acid identity (AAI) values of KMU-140T and the species of the genus Erythrobacter were found to be 76.6-78.4%, 14.0-18.7%, and 69.6-77.8%, respectively. Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified phospholipid, and two unidentified lipids were identified as major polar lipids. On the basis of the polyphasic taxonomic features presented, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Erythrobacter for which the name Erythrobacter rubeus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of E. rubeus sp. nov. is KMU-140T (= KCCM 90479T = NBRC 115159T).


Assuntos
Sphingomonadaceae , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Carotenoides , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Sphingomonadaceae/genética
6.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(2): 127, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997867

RESUMO

Two aerobic, Gram-stain variable, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative rods named strain UniB2T and UniB3T, were isolated from digestive syrup containing fungal diastase (10 mg/ml), pepsin (2 mg/ml) and sugar base containing polyethylene glycol. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain UniB2T has the highest sequence similarity with Paenibacillus humicus NBRC 102415T (98.3%) and strain UniB3T showed the highest sequence similarity with Niallia circulans DSM 11T (98.9%). The DNA G + C content of UniB2T was 63.7 mol %. The dDDH and ANI values between the strain UniB2T and its phylogenetically close relative were < 38.3% and < 89.5%, respectively. The major fatty acids of the strain UniB2T were C16:0 (13.9%), C15:0 anteiso (39.7%), C17:0 anteiso (15.5%). The DNA G + C content of UniB3T was 35.6 mol %. The dDDH and ANI values between the strain UniB3T and its close relatives were < 29.1% and 84.6%, respectively. The major fatty acids of strain UniB3T were C16:0 (13.5%), C15:0 anteiso (40.1%) and C17:0 anteiso (16.0%). Major polar lipids for both strains were Diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. Both strains showed unique carbon utilization and assimilation pattern that differentiated them from their phylogenetically related neighbours. These phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic characters indicated the strains UniB2T and UniB3T represent two novel species for which the names Paenibacillus albicereus sp. nov. (Type strain UniB2T = MCC 3997T = KCTC 43095T = JCM34513T) and Niallia alba sp. nov. (Type strain UniB3T = MCC 3998T = KCTC 43235T = JCM 34492T) are proposed.


Assuntos
Paenibacillus , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Paenibacillus/genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2
7.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(2): 73, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997874

RESUMO

Many studies have computed the carbon dioxide emissions (CO2Es) associated with energy consumption, overall population, imports, manufacturing industries, and financial development in various countries. However, past studies have ignored the impact of CO2Es on fossil fuel energy, domestic economy, rural-urban unemployment, rural-urban population, services value-added, and fiscal deficit, especially in the context of Pakistan. Thus, to avoid the problems of mis-specification, sustainable growth, and carbon reduction simultaneously, it is necessary to study how to accomplish the time-varying relationship between factors. The present study applied autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model for cointegration between CO2Es and its determinants to test long-run and short-run effects from 1975 to 2018. The findings are as follows: first, in the short run, CO2Es, fossil fuel, and services value added show the unidirectional causality, while CO2Es, economic growth, rural-urban population, rural-urban unemployment, and fiscal deficit have bidirectional causality among them. Second, in the long run, we found bidirectional causality between CO2Es and its determinants. Finally, the diagnostic estimations, cumulative sum, and cumulative sum of squares check the long-run association between the selected variables and present the constancy of coefficients. The empirical outcomes give new insights for policymakers to regulate renewable technology investment in the energy sector for the improvement of environmental excellence. Related to the key results, the focused policies are presented below.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Monitoramento Ambiental , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Fatores Econômicos , Paquistão
8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 1522426, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013710

RESUMO

Several therapeutic regimens for COVID-19 have been studied, such as combination antiviral therapies. We aimed to compare outcome of two types of combination therapies atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r) or lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) plus hydroxychloroquine among COVID-19 patients. 108 patients with moderate and severe forms of COVID-19 were divided into two groups (each group 54 patients). One group received ATV/r plus hydroxychloroquine, and the other group received hydroxychloroquine plus LPV/r. Then, both groups were evaluated and compared for clinical symptoms, recovery rates, and complications of treatment regimens. Our findings showed a significant increase in bilirubin in ATV/r-receiving group compared to LPV/r receivers. There was also a significant increase in arrhythmias in the LPV/r group compared to the ATV/r group during treatment. Other findings including length of hospital stay, outcome, and treatment complications were not statistically significant. There is no significant difference between protease inhibitor drugs including ATV/r and LPV/r in the treatment of COVID-19 regarding clinical outcomes. However, some side effects such as hyperbilirubinemia and arrhythmia were significantly different by application of atazanavir or lopinavir.


Assuntos
Sulfato de Atazanavir/uso terapêutico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Lopinavir/uso terapêutico , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Arritmias Cardíacas/induzido quimicamente , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Bilirrubina/análise , COVID-19/metabolismo , Combinação de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 54(1): 42, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013875

RESUMO

A study was carried out to evaluate the performance and ruminal and intestinal morphology of Santa Inês sheep subjected to feed restriction followed by refeeding. A total of 40 uncastrated lambs with an approximate age of 120 ± 15 days and mean body weight (BW) of 17.04 ± 1.18 kg were randomly divided into two groups of BW (20 and 25 kg of BW), which were subjected to different levels of feed restriction (0%, 25%, and 40% of feed restriction). For performance variables, six treatments were considered (0, 25%, and 40% of feed restriction for both groups (20 and 25 kg of BW)) and five treatments for morphometric variables (ad libitum, 25% and 40% for both groups (20 and 25 kg of BW)). All animals were slaughtered with 14 weeks of experimentation. During the feed restriction phase, the dry matter intake (DMI), feed efficiency (FE), and average daily gain (ADG) decreased (P < 0.05) as the level of restriction increased. During the refeeding phase, lambs with 20 kg of body weight subjected to restriction presented lower (P < 0.05) DMI in the ad libitum treatment. However, lambs with 25 kg of body weight under feed restriction presented DMI, FE, and ADG similar (P > 0.05) to the group ad libitum. The final body weight of restricted lambs after refeeding (both groups 20 and 25 kg of body weight) was lower (P < 0.05) than lambs feed ad libitum. In relation to morphology, restricted lambs showed greater height ruminal papillae and larger (P < 0.05) area of ruminal absorption and intestinal absorption, especially the lambs under treatment 40% of feed restriction. The feed restriction followed by refeeding in sheep provided partial compensatory gain, in addition, caused morphological changes in the rumen and intestine that allowed greater absorption and possibly compensatory gain in periods of greater refeeding.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Dieta , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Peso Corporal , Intestinos , Ovinos
10.
J Phys Chem A ; 126(1): 88-100, 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979075

RESUMO

Recent ambient atmospheric measurements have detected highly oxygenated organic molecules (HOMs) at many sites and are a consequence of autoxidation processes occurring at ambient temperatures. Monoterpenes in particular have a propensity to autoxidize although they exhibit a wide range of HOM yields, which may be due to a variety of reasons including reactions with different oxidants like OH and O3, differing hydrogen (H) atom transfer or peroxy radical cyclization rates, numbers of available reaction pathways, and/or energy loss processes for activated HO-monoterpene or O3-monoterpene adducts. In this work, the autoxidation mechanisms of (+)-α-pinene, (+)-ß-pinene, and (+)-limonene following initial OH oxidation and three successive O2 additions are examined using density functional theory (DFT) to understand what accounts for the disparity. Rates of different potential autoxidation pathways initiated by OH addition or abstraction reactions are quantified using transition-state theory (TST) and master equation approaches using the lowest-energy conformers. OH abstraction reactions do not appreciably influence HOM production in the pinenes and limit autoxidation for limonene because the subsequent autoxidation reactions are slow while OH addition reactions are found to be the main route to HOMs for all three monoterpenes. Generally, faster autoxidation rates are computed in later unimolecular reactions that produce RO7 radicals after OH addition (∼10 s-1 or greater) than rates for RO5 peroxy radical production (0.2-7 s-1). Mechanistic pathways that form RO7 peroxy radicals are similar for all three monoterpenes with a particular bicyclo RO7 radical involving a five-membered peroxide ring being favored for all three monoterpenes. The molar yields of RO7 radicals are 4.6% (+10.0/-2.4), 3.8% (+9.1/-2.6), and 7.6% (+13.1/-4.9) for α-pinene, ß-pinene, and limonene, respectively, at 298 K and 1 ppb of NO and only significantly decline at NO concentrations exceeding 10 ppb. The higher yield for limonene relative to the pinenes is predominantly a consequence of the initial oxidation step: OH adducts of the bicyclic pinenes have to use the excess energy after OH addition to break one of the rings and make the molecule more flexible for autoxidation although this process is inefficient, while one of the prominent OH adducts for monocyclic limonene does not have to do this and may add O2 immediately before autoxidizing further. These insights may be used to guide a better representation of these processes in atmospheric models because they affect particulate matter (PM), NOx, and ozone concentrations via enhanced production of low-volatility species, less early-generation NOx cycling, and altered organic nitrate production.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Aerossóis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos , Limoneno
11.
Microb Cell Fact ; 21(1): 3, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The limitation of storage space, product cytotoxicity and the competition for precursor are the major challenges for efficiently overproducing carotenoid in engineered non-carotenogenic microorganisms. In this work, to improve ß-carotene accumulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a strategy that simultaneous increases cell storage capability and strengthens metabolic flux to carotenoid pathway was developed using exogenous oleic acid (OA) combined with metabolic engineering approaches. RESULTS: The direct separation of lipid droplets (LDs), quantitative analysis and genes disruption trial indicated that LDs are major storage locations of ß-carotene in S. cerevisiae. However, due to the competition for precursor between ß-carotene and LDs-triacylglycerol biosynthesis, enlarging storage space by engineering LDs related genes has minor promotion on ß-carotene accumulation. Adding 2 mM OA significantly improved LDs-triacylglycerol metabolism and resulted in 36.4% increase in ß-carotene content. The transcriptome analysis was adopted to mine OA-repressible promoters and IZH1 promoter was used to replace native ERG9 promoter to dynamically down-regulate ERG9 expression, which diverted the metabolic flux to ß-carotene pathway and achieved additional 31.7% increase in ß-carotene content without adversely affecting cell growth. By inducing an extra constitutive ß-carotene synthesis pathway for further conversion precursor farnesol to ß-carotene, the final strain produced 11.4 mg/g DCW and 142 mg/L of ß-carotene, which is 107.3% and 49.5% increase respectively over the parent strain. CONCLUSIONS: This strategy can be applied in the overproduction of other heterogeneous FPP-derived hydrophobic compounds with similar synthesis and storage mechanisms in S. cerevisiae.


Assuntos
Farnesil-Difosfato Farnesiltransferase/genética , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Gotículas Lipídicas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Triglicerídeos/genética , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo , beta Caroteno/biossíntese , Engenharia Metabólica/métodos , beta Caroteno/análise , beta Caroteno/genética
14.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 32(1): 37-41, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983145

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and cut-off values of C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), serum ferritin, and D-dimer for predicting mortality of COVID-19 infection. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Medicine, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore from January to May 2021. METHODOLOGY: Serum CRP, LDH, ferritin, and D-dimer were measured in patients with moderate to severe COVID-19 infection at admission. Patients were followed for in-hospital disease outcome. ROC curve was used to determine area under curve (AUC) and cut-off values of biomarkers, followed by multi-variate analysis by logistic regression. RESULTS: In 386 patients, male to female ratio was 1.47/1 (230/156); and mean age was 54.03 ± 16.2 years. Disease was fatal in 135 (35%) patients. AUC for mortality was 0.730 for LDH, 0.737 for CRP, 0.747 for ferritin and 0.758 for D-dimer. Mortality was higher with LDH ≥400 U/ml, Odds Ratio (OR) 5.37 (95% CI 3.01-9.57: p = 0.001), CRP ≥30 ng/L, OR 4.30 (95% CI 2.11-8.74: p = <0.001), serum ferritin ≥200 ng/ml, OR 4.13 (95% CI 1.05-16.2: p = 0.02), and D-dimer ≥400 ng/ml, OR 2.72 (95% CI 1.06-7.01: p = 0.03) with 2 log likelihood of 131.54 for predicting disease outcome with 71.7% accuracy in multi-variate analysis. CONCLUSION: Elevated serum CRP, LDH, ferritin and D-dimer are associated with higher mortality in patients of COVID-19 infection. Serum CRP ≥30ng/ml, LDH ≥400 U/L, ferritin ≥200 ng/ml and D-dimer ≥400 ng/ml can predict fatal outcome in COVID-19 patients. Key Words: C-reactive protein (CRP), COVID-19 infection, D-dimer, Ferritin, Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Mortality.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , COVID-19 , Adulto , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , COVID-19/mortalidade , Feminino , Ferritinas/sangue , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 26, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of patients with sepsis reduce mortality significantly. In terms of exploring new diagnostic tools of sepsis, monocyte distribution width (MDW), as part of the white blood cell (WBC) differential count, was first reported in 2017. MDW greater than 20 and abnormal WBC count together provided a satisfactory accuracy and was proposed as a novel diagnostic tool of sepsis. This study aimed to compare MDW and procalcitonin (PCT)'s diagnostic accuracy on sepsis in the emergency department. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective cohort study. Laboratory examinations including complete blood cell and differentiation count (CBC/DC), MDW, PCT were obtained while arriving at the ED. We divided patients into non-infection, infection without systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), infection with SIRS, and sepsis-3 groups. This study's primary outcome is the sensitivity and specificity of MDW, PCT, and MDW + WBC in differentiating septic and non-septic patients. In addition, the cut-off value for MDW was established to maximize sensitivity at an optimal level of specificity. RESULTS: From May 2019 to September 2020, 402 patients were enrolled for data analysis. Patient number in each group was: non-infection 64 (15.9%), infection without SIRS 82 (20.4%), infection with SIRS 202 (50.2%), sepsis-3 15 (7.6%). The AUC of MDW, PCT, and MDW + WBC to predict infection with SIRS was 0.753, 0.704, and 0.784, respectively (p < 0.01). The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of MDW using 20 as the cutoff were 86.4%, 54.2%, 76.4%, and 70%, compared to 32.9%, 88%, 82.5%, and 43.4% using 0.5 ng/mL as the PCT cutoff value. On combing MDW and WBC count, the sensitivity and NPV further increased to 93.4% and 80.3%, respectively. In terms of predicting sepsis-3, the AUC of MDW, PCT, and MDW + WBC was 0.72, 0.73, and 0.70, respectively. MDW, using 20 as cutoff, exhibited sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of 90.6%, 37.1%, 18.7%, and 96.1%, respectively, compared to 49.1%, 78.6%, 26.8%, and 90.6% when 0.5 ng/mL PCT was used as cutoff. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, MDW is a more sensitive biomarker than PCT in predicting infection-related SIRS and sepsis-3 in the ED. MDW < 20 shows a higher NPV to exclude sepsis-3. Combining MDW and WBC count further improves the accuracy in predicting infection with SIRS but not sepsis-3. Trial registration The study was retrospectively registered to the ClinicalTrial.gov (NCT04322942) on March 26th, 2020.


Assuntos
Pró-Calcitonina , Sepse , Biomarcadores , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Monócitos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/diagnóstico
16.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(1): 118, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34988667

RESUMO

A light yellow-coloured, non-motile, aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, and rod-shaped bacterial strain DKR-2T was isolated from oil-contaminated experimental soil. The strain was catalase and oxidase positive, and grew at 0-1.5% (w/v) NaCl concentration, at temperature 10-35 °C, and at pH 6.0-9.5. The phylogenetic analysis suggested that the strain DKR-2T was affiliated to the genus Kaistella, with the closest species being Kaistella haifensis DSM 19056T (97.6% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The principle fatty acids were iso-C15:0, summed feature 9 (iso-C17:1 ω9c and/or C16:0 10-methyl), and antiso-C15:0. The sole menaquinone was MK-6 and major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamin. The DNA G+C content was 39.5%. The dDDH (in silico DNA-DNA hybridization) and ANI (average nucleotide identity) values between strain DKR-2T and K. haifensis DSM 19056T were 22.4% and 79.3%, respectively. In addition, both dDDH and ANI values between strain DKR-2T and other phylogenetically related neighbours were < 25.0% and < 77.0%, respectively. In overall, the polyphasic taxonomic data presented in this study clearly indicated that strain DKR-2T represents a novel species in the genus Kaistella, for which the name Kaistella soli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DKR-2T (=KACC 22070T=NBRC 114725T).


Assuntos
Ácidos Graxos , Microbiologia do Solo , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Solo
17.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 1-10, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989485

RESUMO

The rapid urbanization in China may lead to heavy metal pollution in urban soil, threatening the health of residents. By collecting literature data published in the last 15 years, the characteristics and risks of heavy metals in the urban soils of 52 cities in China were analyzed. The results showed that the average ω(Pb), ω(Cd), ω(Cu) and ω(Zn) in the urban soils of China were 58.5, 0.49, 42.1, and 156.3 mg·kg-1, respectively, and the average Igeo values were ordered as follows Cd(1.10) > Zn(0.36) > Pb(0.28) > Cu(0.13). The high concentrations of heavy metals in the urban soils were mainly found in cities located in coastal economically developed provinces (such as Jiangsu, Zhejiang, etc.) and resource-based provinces (such as Hunan, Henan, Inner Mongolia, etc.). The cities of Kaifeng, Yangzhou, Hohhot, Taiyuan, and Xiangtan had relatively high Igeo values for heavy metals in the soils. The concentrations of heavy metals in soils from industrial areas and roadsides were significantly higher than those from residential areas and parks, suggesting that heavy traffic and developed heavy industry were the main causes of heavy metal accumulation in the urban soils. No significant correlations between the average concentrations of heavy metals in urban soil and urban economic and environmental indicators[such as permanent population, GDP, ρ (PM10), ρ(PM2.5), and SO2 emissions] were found. The concentrations of heavy metals in urban soils showed large spatial heterogeneity, and hence the average concentrations may not reflect the overall accumulation level in a city. The non-carcinogenic risks for children posed by heavy metals in urban soils were generally low, and the main risk contributor was Pb. However, the exposure to heavy metals in soils in cities with developed smelting industries is worthy of attention.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Criança , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
18.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 11-25, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989486

RESUMO

At present, plant growth regulators play an increasingly important role in global agricultural production. The average growth rate of global sales of plant growth regulators has been above 14% in the past decade. For many years, most plant growth regulators have been considered low-toxicity or slight-toxicity pesticides. However, recent studies have found that many plant growth regulators and their degradation products in the environment are potentially harmful to humans, animals, and plants. As the key factors to control the entering of plant growth regulators into the environment, the environmental behaviors of plant growth regulators in soil could make a significant influence on the risk of plant growth regulators to environmental safety. Therefore, it is critical to investigate the environmental behaviors of plant growth regulators in soil. This study systematically summarizes the environmental behaviors of plant growth regulators in soil from recent research, including the adsorption, desorption, hydrolysis, photolysis, and microbial degradation. Additionally, the factors affecting the environmental behaviors of plant growth regulators in the soil are discussed in detail. Moreover, the future research focus and direction to plant growth regulators are suggested.


Assuntos
Poluentes do Solo , Solo , Adsorção , Agricultura , Humanos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 26-36, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989487

RESUMO

In recent years, solid waste iron sludge (red mud, iron-containing water treatment residues, and iron-rich sludge) has been widely used to remove pollutants in the water environment; however, the difficulty of separating powdered iron sludge from the water environment media makes it impossible to apply it as a water treatment material on a large scale, and preparing iron sludge into magnetic materials that are easy to be separated is one of the effective strategies to solve this bottleneck. According to the existing research on iron sludge-based magnetic materials at home and abroad, the preparation methods of magnetic materials using iron sludge as raw materials are summarized, including a series of methods, including the thermal decomposition method, hydrothermal and solvothermal method, co-precipitation method, reduction roasting method, and carbonization method. Additionally, it is pointed out that the currently commonly used preparation methods are thermal decomposition, hydrothermal and solvothermal, and co-precipitation. In addition, the performance and application of these magnetic materials as adsorbents or catalysts in water treatment are also summarized. In general, iron sludge-based magnetic materials can better absorb heavy metals and organic pollutants in water. The main adsorption mechanisms are complexation, electrostatic interaction, reduction, cation exchange, and precipitation. As a catalyst, it can efficiently oxidize and degrade organic pollutants by generating strong oxidizing substances:SO4-· and ·OH. Although there have been many studies on the preparation and application of iron sludge-based magnetic materials, because the raw material iron sludge contains many impurities, the magnetic materials prepared from iron sludge also have certain impurities. Therefore, it is still necessary to strengthen the research on the safety of iron sludge-based magnetic materials in the future to further ensure that they can be used as environmentally friendly materials for water environment restoration.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Ferro , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Esgotos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 37-45, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989488

RESUMO

This study explores the effect of different ozone metrics on the total mortality risk in China. Using the CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, and PubMed databases, the time series studies and case crossover studies from the establishment of each database to December 31, 2020 were retrieved, and 22 eligible studies were included in this analysis. A meta-analysis was performed for the ozone metrics of O3-M1h, O3-M8h, and O3-24h. The results indicated that the increase in the total mortality risk is more closely associated with O3-M1h (RR #, 1.0052; 95%CI, 1.0031-1.0073) and is more weakly associated with O3-24h (RR #, 1.0036; 95%CI, 1.0025-1.0048) and O3-M8h (RR #, 1.0031; 95%CI, 1.0022-1.0041). A subgroup analysis of the three metrics revealed that the total mortality risk of ozone is higher in the cold season, the elderly (≥ 65) are more vulnerable to ozone pollution, and the total mortality risk in the north is higher than that in the south.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Idoso , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Benchmarking , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Ozônio/análise
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