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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(4): 523-533, jul. 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538056

RESUMO

Leaves of Croton stipulaceuswere extracted (EHex, ECHCl3and EEtOH extracts) to assesstheir antioxidant potential, anti-inflammatory activity in murine models and acute toxicity. EEtOH showed the highest effect in DPPH (37.80% inhibition), FRAP (1065.00 ± 55.30 µmolFe2+) and total polyphenols (231.24 ± 9.05 meq AG/gM). EHex was the most active, ~ 50% inhibition of TPA-induced ear edema; while EEtOH (dose of 2 mg/ear) showed the highest inhibition in the chronic model (97% inhibition), and inhibited MPO activity (48%). In carrageenan-induced edema, ECHCl3(dose 500 mg/kg) was the most active. None of the extracts showed acute toxicity (LD50) at 2 g/kg (p.o.). This work is the first report that supports the traditional use of C. stipulaceusas an anti-inflammatory.


De las hojas de Croton stipulaceusse obtuvieron diferentes extractos (EHex, ECHCl3y EEtOH) evaluando el potencial antioxidante y la actividad antiinflamatoria en modelos murinos y la toxicidad aguda. El EEtOH mostró mayor efecto en DPPH (37.80% inhibición), FRAP (1065.00 ± 55.30 µmolFe2+) y polifenolestotales (231.24 ± 9.05 meq AG/gM). El EHex fue el más activo, cercano al 50% de inhibición del edema auricular inducido con TPA; mientras que el EEtOH (dosis de 2 mg/oreja) mostró la mayor inhibición en el modelo crónico (97% inhibición), e inhibió la actividad de la MPO (48%). En el edema inducido con carragenina, el ECHCl3(dosis 500 mg/kg) fue el más activo. Ninguno de los extractos mostró una toxicidad aguda (DL50) mayor a 2 g/kg (p.o). Este trabajo es el primer reporte que sustenta el uso tradicional de C. stipulaceuscomo antiinflamatorio.


Assuntos
Folhas de Planta/química , Croton/química , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Estruturas Vegetais/metabolismo , Estruturas Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Croton/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios , Antioxidantes
2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(4): 608-635, jul. 2024. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538071

RESUMO

Chile has two certified origin olive products: Extra-Virgin Olive Oil (EVOO) from Huasco valley and the Azapa variety table olive from the Azapa valley. However, efficient methodologies are needed to determine the varieties and raw materials involved in the end products. In this study, we assessed the size of alleles from ten microsatellites in 20 EVOOs and in leaves and fruits of 16 olive varieties cultivated in Chile to authenticate their origins. The identification of varieties relied on specific allele sizes derived from microsatellites markers UDO99-011 and DCA18-M found in leaves and fruit mesocarp. While most Chilean single-variety EVOOs matched the variety declared on the label, inconsistencies were observed in single-variety EVOOs containing multiple varieties. Our findings confirm that microsatellites serve as a valuable as diagnostic tools for ensuring the quality control of Geographical Indication certification for Azapa olives and EVOO with Designation of Origin from Huasco.


Chile cuenta con dos productos de oliva de origen certificado: El aceite de oliva virgen extra (AOVE) del valle del Huasco y la aceituna de mesa de la variedad Azapa del valle de Azapa. Sin embargo, se necesitan metodologías eficientes para determinar las variedades y materias primas involucradas en los productos finales. En este estudio, evaluamos el tamaño de los alelos de diez microsatélites en 20 AOVEs y en hojas y frutos de 16 variedades de aceituna cultivadas en Chile para autentificar sus orígenes. La identificación de las variedades se basó en los tamaños alélicos específicos derivados de los marcadores microsatélites UDO99-011 y DCA18-M encontrados en las hojas y el mesocarpio de los frutos. Aunque la mayoría de los AOVEs chilenos monovarietales coincidían con la variedad declarada en la etiqueta, se observaron incoherencias en los AOVEs monovarietales que contenían múltiples variedades. Nuestros hallazgos confirman que los microsatélites sirven como valiosas herramientas de diagnóstico para asegurar el control de calidad de la certificación de Indicación Geográfica para aceitunas de Azapa y AOVE con Denominación de Origen de Huasco.


Assuntos
Azeite de Oliva/química , Geografia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Chile , Estruturas Vegetais/química
3.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 23(4): 636-644, jul. 2024. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538072

RESUMO

Thechemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from aerial parts (leaves and flowers) of Chuquiraga arcuataHarling grown in the Ecuadorian Andes were studied. One hundred and twenty-six compounds were identified in the essential oil. Monoterpene hydrocarbons (45.8%) and oxygenated monoterpenes (44.1%) had the major percentages. The most abundant compounds were camphor (21.6%), myrcene (19.5%), and 1,8-cineole (13.4%). Antioxidant activity was examined using DPPH, ABTS,and FRAP assays. The essential oil had a moderate scavenging effect and reduction of ferric ion capacity through FRAP assay. Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil was observed against four pathogenic bacteria and a fungus. The essential oil exhibited activity against all microorganism strains under test, particularly against Candida albicansand Staphylococcus aureuswith MICs of 2.43-12.10 µg/mL.


Se estudió la composición química, actividades antioxidantes y antimicrobianas del aceite esencial procedente de las partes aérea (hojas y flores) de Chuquiraga arcuataHarling cultivadas en los Andes ecuatorianos. Se identificaron 126 compuestos en el aceite esencial. Los hidrocarburos monoterpénicos (45,8%) y los monoterpenos oxigenados (44,1%) tuvieron el mayor porcentaje. Los compuestos más abundantes fueron alcanfor (21,6%), mirceno (19,5%) y 1,8-cineol (13,4%). La actividadantioxidante se examinó mediante ensayos DPPH, ABTS y FRAP. El aceite esencial tuvo un efecto eliminador moderado y una reducción de la capacidad de iones férricos mediante el ensayo FRAP. Se observó actividad antimicrobiana del aceite esencial contra cuatro bacterias y un hongo patógenos. El aceite esencial mostró actividad contra todas las cepas de microorganismos bajo prueba, particularmente contra Candida albicansy Staphylococcus aureuscon CMI de 2,43-12,10 µg/mL.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antioxidantes/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Flores/química , Equador , Antioxidantes/farmacologia
4.
J Cell Biol ; 223(5)2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563860

RESUMO

Force transmission at cell-cell junctions critically regulates embryogenesis, tissue homeostasis, and diseases including cancer. The cadherin-catenin linkage has been considered the keystone of junctional force transmission, but new findings challenge this paradigm, arguing instead that the nectin-afadin linkage plays the more important role in mature junctions in the intestinal epithelium.


Assuntos
Junções Intercelulares , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos , Nectinas , Caderinas/metabolismo , Cateninas/metabolismo , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Nectinas/metabolismo , Junções Intercelulares/química , Humanos
5.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301362, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564515

RESUMO

Reproduction, especially impregnation, is a critical aspect of dairy cow management that directly influences herd milk productivity. We conducted a noninvasive hair mineral assay to compare the mineral profiles of two dairy cow groups: reproducible and repeat breeder, by investigating the levels of 11 essential minerals (Ca, Mg, Na, K, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, Cr, Se, and P) and 6 toxic elements (Hg, Pb, Cd, Al, As, and Ni) in both groups. We also conducted principal component and correlation matrix analyses to compare hair mineral patterns between the groups. Compared to their reproducible counterparts, repeat breeder cows had lower levels of Na, K, and Se. However, Fe, Cd, Al, and As levels were higher in repeat breeders than in their reproducible counterparts. The correlation matrix showed notable correlation patterns for each group. Ca, K, and Na levels were positively correlated in reproducible cows, whereas repeat breeder cows showed positive correlations only between Ca and K levels. Se showed positive correlations with Zn only in the reproducible cow group. Negative correlations were not found in the reproducible group, whereas the repeat breeder group exhibited 7 negative correlations. Despite the limitations of hair mineral analysis, this study provided useful insights into the reproductive potential of dairy cows. These findings aid in easing the prediction of repeat breeder occurrences in herds and are expected to facilitate timely mineral supplementation and other interventions to improve overall herd reproduction in dairy farms.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Mercúrio , Feminino , Bovinos , Animais , Minerais/análise , Cabelo/química , Sódio , Lactação
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7762, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565529

RESUMO

Groundwater is an excellent alternative to freshwater for drinking, irrigation, and developing arid regions. Agricultural, commercial, industrial, residential, and municipal activities may affect groundwater quantity and quality. Therefore, we aimed to use advanced methods/techniques to monitor the piezometric levels and collect groundwater samples to test their physicochemical and biological characteristics. Our results using software programs showed two main types of groundwater: the most prevalent was the Na-Cl type, which accounts for 94% of the groundwater samples, whereas the Mg-Cl type was found in 6% of samples only. In general, the hydraulic gradient values, ranging from medium to low, could be attributed to the slow movement of groundwater. Salinity distribution in groundwater maps varied between 238 and 1350 mg L-1. Although lower salinity values were observed in northwestern wells, higher values were recorded in southern ones. The collected seventeen water samples exhibited brackish characteristics and were subjected to microbial growth monitoring. Sample WD12 had the lowest total bacterial count (TBC) of 4.8 ± 0.9 colony forming unit (CFU mg L-1), while WD14 had the highest TBC (7.5 ± 0.5 CFU mg L-1). None of the tested water samples, however, contained pathogenic microorganisms. In conclusion, the current simulation models for groundwater drawdown of the Quaternary aquifer system predict a considerable drawdown of water levels over the next 10, 20, and 30 years with the continuous development of the region.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Água Subterrânea/química , Poços de Água , Água , Qualidade da Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
7.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2828, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565532

RESUMO

Tears have emerged as a promising alternative to blood for diagnosing diabetes. Despite increasing attempts to measure tear glucose using smart contact lenses, the controversy surrounding the correlation between tear glucose and blood glucose still limits the clinical usage of tears. Herein, we present an in-depth investigation of the correlation between tear glucose and blood glucose using a wireless and soft smart contact lens for continuous monitoring of tear glucose. This smart contact lens is capable of quantitatively monitoring the tear glucose levels in basal tears excluding the effect of reflex tears which might weaken the relationship with blood glucose. Furthermore, this smart contact lens can provide an unprecedented level of continuous tear glucose data acquisition at sub-minute intervals. These advantages allow the precise estimation of lag time, enabling the establishment of the concept called 'personalized lag time'. This demonstration considers individual differences and is successfully applied to both non-diabetic and diabetic humans, as well as in animal models, resulting in a high correlation.


Assuntos
Lentes de Contato Hidrofílicas , Diabetes Mellitus , Animais , Humanos , Glucose/análise , Glicemia , Lágrimas/química , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7794, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565625

RESUMO

In this study, a commercial dental resin was reinforced by SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) with different concentrations to enhance its mechanical functionality. The material characterization and finite element analysis (FEA) have been performed to evaluate the mechanical properties. Wedge indentation and 3-point bending tests were conducted to assess the mechanical behavior of the prepared nanocomposites. The results revealed that the optimal content of NPs was achieved at 1% SiO2, resulting in a 35% increase in the indentation reaction force. Therefore, the sample containing 1% SiO2 NPs was considered for further tests. The morphology of selected sample was examined using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), revealing the homogeneous dispersion of SiO2 NPs with minimal agglomeration. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was employed to investigate the crystalline structure of the selected sample, indicating no change in the dental resin state upon adding SiO2 NPs. In the second part of the study, a novel approach called iterative FEA, supported by the experiment wedge indentation test, was used to determine the mechanical properties of the 1% SiO2-dental resin. Subsequently, the accurately determined material properties were assigned to a dental crown model to virtually investigate its behavior under oblique loading. The virtual test results demonstrated that most microcracks initiated from the top of the crown and extended through its thickness.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Dióxido de Silício , Dióxido de Silício/química , Resinas Compostas/química , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Nanopartículas/química , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Teste de Materiais
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7746, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565861

RESUMO

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by elevated blood sugar levels caused by inadequate insulin production, which subsequently leads to hyperglycemia. This study was aimed to investigate the antidiabetic potential of pyrazolobenzothiazine derivatives in silico, in vitro, and in vivo. Molecular docking of pyrazolobenzothiazine derivatives was performed against α-glucosidase and α-amylase and compounds were selected based on docking score, bonding interactions and low root mean square deviation (RMSD). Enzyme inhibition assay against α-glucosidase and α-amylase was performed in vitro using p-nitrophenyl-α-D-glucopyranoside (PNPG) and starch substrate. Synthetic compound pyrazolobenzothiazine (S1) exhibited minimal conformational changes during the 100 ns MD simulation run. S1 also revealed effective IC50 values for α-glucosidase (3.91 µM) and α-amylase (8.89 µM) and an enzyme kinetic study showed low ki (- 0.186 µM, - 1.267 µM) and ki' (- 0.691 µM, - 1.78 µM) values with the competitive type of inhibition for both enzymes α-glucosidase and α-amylase, respectively. Moreover, studies were conducted to check the effect of the synthetic compound in a mouse model. A low necrosis rate was observed in the liver, kidney, and pancreas through histology analysis performed on mice. Compound S1 also exhibited a good biochemical profile with lower sugar level (110-115 mg/dL), increased insulin level (25-30 µM/L), and low level of cholesterol (85 mg/dL) and creatinine (0.6 mg/dL) in blood. The treated mice group also exhibited a low % of glycated haemoglobin (3%). This study concludes that S1 is a new antidiabetic-agent that helps lower blood glucose levels and minimizes the complications associated with type-II diabetes.


Assuntos
Hiperglicemia , Hipoglicemiantes , Camundongos , Animais , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/química , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Hiperglicemia/tratamento farmacológico , Insulina , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2711, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565864

RESUMO

Regulatory arrest peptides interact with specific residues on bacterial ribosomes and arrest their own translation. Here, we analyse over 30,000 bacterial genome sequences to identify additional Sec/YidC-related arrest peptides, followed by in vivo and in vitro analyses. We find that Sec/YidC-related arrest peptides show patchy, but widespread, phylogenetic distribution throughout the bacterial domain. Several of the identified peptides contain distinct conserved sequences near the C-termini, but are still able to efficiently stall bacterial ribosomes in vitro and in vivo. In addition, we identify many arrest peptides that share an R-A-P-P-like sequence, suggesting that this sequence might serve as a common evolutionary seed to overcome ribosomal structural differences across species.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Filogenia , Peptídeos/química , Ribossomos/genética , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7770, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565919

RESUMO

Neolitsea pallens (D. Don) Momiyama & H. Hara (Family: Lauraceae), commonly known as Pale Litsea, is an evergreen small tree, distributed in India at altitudes of 1500-3000 m. Traditionally utilized for various purposes, its leaves and bark are used as spices, and the plant is valued in preparing a hair tonic from freshly pressed juice. Secondary metabolites of the leaves have not comprehensively been analysed so far. The objective of the study was to determine the chemical composition of the leaves by analysing their 25% aqueous methanol extract with the aid of ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight tandem mass spectrometry. Overall, 56 compounds were identified in the study. Phenolics represented by phenolic acids, phenolic glycosides, proanthocyanidins, and flavonoids were the main components of the extract.


Assuntos
Lauraceae , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Fenóis/análise , Folhas de Planta/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7767, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565938

RESUMO

XynR is a thermostable alkaline GH10 xylanase, for which we have previously examined the effects of saturation mutagenesis at position 315 on enzyme alkaliphily, and found that at pH 10, the activities of variants could be ordered as follows: T315Q > T315S = T315N > T315H = wild-type XynR (WT) > 15 other variants. In this study, we sought to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the variable activity of these different variants. Crystallographic analysis revealed that the Ca2+ ion near position 315 in WT was absent in the T315Q variant. We accordingly hypothesized that the enhancement of alkaliphily in T315Q, and probably also in the T315H, T315N, and T315S variants, could be ascribed to an activity-stability trade-off associated with a reduction in stability due to the lack of this Ca2+ ion. Consistent with expectations, the alkaline resistance of T315H, T315N, T315Q, and T315S, evaluated through the pH-dependence of stability at 0 mM CaCl2 under alkaline conditions, was found to be lower than that of WT: the residual activity at pH 11 of WT was 78% while those of T315H, T315N, T315Q, and T315S were 0, 9, 0, and 43%, respectively. In addition, the thermostabilities of these four variants, as assessed using the denaturing temperatures (Tm) at 0 mM CaCl2 based on ellipticity at 222 nm in circular dichroism measurements, were lower than that of WT by 2-8 °C. Furthermore, the Tm values of WT and variants at 5 mM CaCl2 were higher than those at 0 mM CaCl2 by 6-11 °C. Collectively, our findings in this study indicate that mutation of the T residue at position 315 of XynR to H, N, Q, and S causes an increase in the alkaliphily of this enzyme, thereby reducing its stability.


Assuntos
Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases , Cloreto de Cálcio , Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases/química , Estabilidade Enzimática , Mutagênese , Mutação , Temperatura , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
13.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 25(1): 143, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) by biomolecules plays a central role in various biological phenomena and has garnered significant attention. The behavior of LLPS is strongly influenced by the characteristics of RNAs and environmental factors such as pH and temperature, as well as the properties of proteins. Recently, several databases recording LLPS-related biomolecules have been established, and prediction models of LLPS-related phenomena have been explored using these databases. However, a prediction model that concurrently considers proteins, RNAs, and experimental conditions has not been developed due to the limited information available from individual experiments in public databases. RESULTS: To address this challenge, we have constructed a new dataset, RNAPSEC, which serves each experiment as a data point. This dataset was accomplished by manually collecting data from public literature. Utilizing RNAPSEC, we developed two prediction models that consider a protein, RNA, and experimental conditions. The first model can predict the LLPS behavior of a protein and RNA under given experimental conditions. The second model can predict the required conditions for a given protein and RNA to undergo LLPS. CONCLUSIONS: RNAPSEC and these prediction models are expected to accelerate our understanding of the roles of proteins, RNAs, and environmental factors in LLPS.


Assuntos
Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas , RNA , RNA/genética , Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/química
14.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300811, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568891

RESUMO

Multi-locus genetic data for phylogeographic studies is generally limited in geographic and taxonomic scope as most studies only examine a few related species. The strong adoption of DNA barcoding has generated large datasets of mtDNA COI sequences. This work examines the butterfly fauna of Canada and United States based on 13,236 COI barcode records derived from 619 species. It compiles i) geographic maps depicting the spatial distribution of haplotypes, ii) haplotype networks (minimum spanning trees), and iii) standard indices of genetic diversity such as nucleotide diversity (π), haplotype richness (H), and a measure of spatial genetic structure (GST). High intraspecific genetic diversity and marked spatial structure were observed in the northwestern and southern North America, as well as in proximity to mountain chains. While species generally displayed concordance between genetic diversity and spatial structure, some revealed incongruence between these two metrics. Interestingly, most species falling in this category shared their barcode sequences with one at least other species. Aside from revealing large-scale phylogeographic patterns and shedding light on the processes underlying these patterns, this work also exposed cases of potential synonymy and hybridization.


Assuntos
Borboletas , Animais , Estados Unidos , Borboletas/genética , Filogeografia , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/química , Mitocôndrias/genética , Haplótipos , Variação Genética , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Filogenia
15.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301103, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568980

RESUMO

Birch bark tar is the most widely documented adhesive in prehistoric Europe. More recent periods attest to a diversification in terms of the materials used as adhesives and their application. Some studies have shown that conifer resins and beeswax were added to produce compound adhesives. For the Iron Age, no comparative large-scale studies have been conducted to provide a wider perspective on adhesive technologies. To address this issue, we identify adhesive substances from the Iron Age in north-eastern France. We applied organic residue analysis to 65 samples from 16 archaeological sites. This included residues adhering to ceramics, from vessel surface coatings, repaired ceramics, vessel contents, and adhesive lumps. Our findings show that, even during the Iron Age in north-eastern France, birch bark tar is one of the best-preserved adhesive substances, used for at least 400 years. To a lesser extent, Pinaceae resin and beeswax were also identified. Through statistical analyses, we show that molecular composition differs in samples, correlating with adhesive function. This has implications for our understanding of birch bark tar production, processing and mode of use during the Iron Age in France and beyond.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Colagem Dentária , Adesivos/química , Betula/química , Resinas Vegetais , Arqueologia , Tecnologia , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resinas Compostas/química
16.
Chirality ; 36(4): e23665, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570326

RESUMO

In this paper, the amino acid chiral ionic liquid (AACIL) was prepared with L-phenylalanine and imidazole. It was characterized by CD, FT-IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR spectrum. The chiral recognition sensor was constructed with AACIL and Cu(II), which exhibited different chiral visual responses (solubility or color difference) to the enantiomers of glutamine (Gln) and phenylalanine (Phe). The effects of solvent, pH, time, temperature, metal ions, and other amino acids on visual chiral recognition were optimized. The minimum concentrations of Gln and Phe for visual chiral recognition were 0.20 mg/ml and 0.28 mg/ml, respectively. The mechanism of chiral recognition was investigated by FT-IR, TEM, SEM, TG, XPS, and CD. The location of the host-guest inclusion or molecular placement has been conformationally searched based on Gaussian 09 software.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Líquidos Iônicos , Aminoácidos/química , Fenilalanina/química , Glutamina , Líquidos Iônicos/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Estereoisomerismo
17.
AAPS J ; 26(3): 42, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570351

RESUMO

Aggregation stability of monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapeutics is influenced by many critical quality attributes (CQA) such as charge and hydrophobic variants in addition to environmental factors. In this study, correlation between charge heterogeneity and stability of mAbs for bevacizumab and trastuzumab has been investigated under a variety of stresses including thermal stress at 40 °C, thermal stress at 55 °C, shaking (mechanical), and low pH. Size- and charge-based heterogeneities were monitored using analytical size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and cation exchange chromatography (CEX), respectively, while dynamic light scattering was used to assess changes in hydrodynamic size. CEX analysis revealed an increase in cumulative acidic content for all variants of both mAbs post-stress treatment attributed to increased deamidation. Higher charge heterogeneity was observed in variants eluting close to the main peak than the ones eluting further away (25-fold and 42-fold increase in acidic content for main and B1 of bevacizumab and 19-fold for main of trastuzumab, respectively, under thermal stress; 50-fold increase in acidic for main and B1 of bevacizumab and 10% rise in basic content of main of trastuzumab under pH stress). Conversely, variants eluting far away from main exhibit greater aggregation as compared to close-eluting ones. Aggregation kinetics of variants followed different order for the different stresses for both mAbs (2nd order for thermal and pH stresses and 0th order for shaking stress). Half-life of terminal charge variants of both mAbs was 2- to 8-fold less than main indicating increased degradation propensity.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Bevacizumab , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Trastuzumab
18.
AAPS J ; 26(3): 40, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570383

RESUMO

In a lyophilized protein/disaccharide system, the ability of the disaccharide to form a homogeneous mixture with the protein and to slow the protein mobility dictates the stabilization potential of the formulation. Human serum albumin was lyophilized with sucrose or trehalose in histidine, phosphate, or citrate buffer. 1H T1 relaxation times were measured by solid-state NMR spectroscopy and were used to assess the homogeneity and mobility of the samples after zero, six, and twelve months at different temperatures. The mobility of the samples decreased after 6 and 12 months storage at elevated temperatures, consistent with structural relaxation of the amorphous disaccharide matrix. Formulations with sucrose had lower mobility and greater stability than formulations with trehalose.


Assuntos
Sacarose , Trealose , Humanos , Trealose/química , Temperatura , Albumina Sérica Humana , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Dissacarídeos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Liofilização
19.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 240, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570397

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thermoplastic polymers show alteration in their mechanical properties after thermoforming on a dental model. The purpose of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the tensile strength of different thermoplastic polymer sheets thermoformed on a pre-treatment (moderate crowding) and post-treatment (well-aligned) maxillary model of a patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty maxillary models (Twenty Pre-treatment & twenty Post-treatment of uniform dimension) were made by duplicating them using alginate Hydrogum 5 (Zhermack). Samples were then divided into eight groups of 5 samples each. The thermoplastic sheets Imprelon® (Scheu-Dent), AVAC R® (Jaypee), Placa Crystal® (BioART), EZ-VAC® (3A Medes)-1.0 mm thick were thermoformed on these models respectively. The sample was retrieved using ceramic bur mounted on a straight hand-piece and subjected for testing using TINIUS Olsen 10ST micro universal testing machine and recorded. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference (P > .05) in tensile strength of thermoformed thermoplastic polymer sheets between pre-treatment and post-treatment maxillary model. Tensile strength of EZ-VAC (3A Medes) showed higher variation between pre-treatment and post-treatment maxillary model though it was found to be statistically insignificant (P > .05). Significant difference (P < .05) was seen between groups when they were compared separately among pre-treatment and post-treatment models. CONCLUSION: Placa Crystal (BioART) among the pre-treatment group, EZ - VAC (3A Medes) among the post-treatment group, showed highest tensile strength. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results of the study highlights the necessity to test materials in conditions which stands in accordance with the clinical scenario to a considerable extent and also emphasizes the need for further study in aligner.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Polímeros , Humanos , Resistência à Tração , Polímeros/química , Teste de Materiais
20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(5): 239, 2024 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570399

RESUMO

To accurately detect tumor marker carbohydrate antigen 72-4 (CA72-4) of serum samples is of great significance for the early diagnosis of malignant tumors. In the present study, MnO2/hollow nanobox metal-organic framework (HNM)-AuPtPd nanocomposites were prepared via multi-step synthesis and superposition method and a series of characterizations were carried out. A highly sensitive immunosensor Ab/MnO2/HNM-AuPtPd/GCE based on the composite nanomaterial was further prepared and used to detect the tumor marker CA72-4. The constructed immunosensor achieved signal amplification by increasing the electrocatalytic activity to H2O2 by means of the synergistic effect of MnO2 ultra-thin nanosheets (MnO2 UNs) and HNM-AuPtPd. At the same time, the electrochemical properties of the immunosensor were analyzed using cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance, amperometry (with the test voltage of -0.4 V), and differential pulse voltammetry. The experimental results showed that the MnO2/HNM-AuPtPd nanocomposites were successfully prepared, and the immunosensor Ab/MnO2/HNM-AuPtPd/GCE demonstrated an excellent electrochemical performance. The electrochemical immunosensor had the highest detection sensitivity under the optimal experimental conditions, such as incubation pH of 7.0, incubation time of 60 min, with the addition of 15 µL of H2O2, and in the concentration range 0.001-500 U/mL. It had a low detection limit of 1.78×10-5 U/mL (S/N = 3). Moreover, the serum sample recovery were in the range from 99.38 to 100.52%. This study provides a new method and experimental basis for the detection of tumor markers in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanocompostos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Compostos de Manganês/química , Óxidos/química , Imunoensaio , Nanocompostos/química
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