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1.
J Int Med Res ; 50(1): 3000605211069284, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34994239

RESUMO

Klebsiella pneumoniae is generally considered the most common pathogenic bacterium causing community-acquired pneumonia. In recent years, cases of liver abscess caused by the bacterium and its spread have been reported in Asia and other parts of the world. This clinical symptom of liver abscess caused by hypervirulent K. pneumoniae and its migrating infection is also called invasive K. pneumoniae liver abscess syndrome (IKPLAS). This study explored the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of an elderly patient with IKPLAS who experienced multi-organ failure caused by the infection. The treatment of the patient was difficult, and despite our efforts, the invasive infection led to eye enucleation. This paper is expected to improve our understanding and awareness of this disease in the clinic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Klebsiella , Abscesso Hepático , Idoso , Enucleação Ocular , Humanos , Infecções por Klebsiella/complicações , Infecções por Klebsiella/diagnóstico , Infecções por Klebsiella/tratamento farmacológico , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Abscesso Hepático/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Hepático/cirurgia , Síndrome
2.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 42(2): e115-e119, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no existing guidelines regarding the timing or frequency of postoperative radiographs following spica casting for pediatric femur fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate established femoral malunion criteria as a potential screening tool to limit postoperative radiographs by identifying patients at risk for unacceptable alignment in the early treatment period. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for pediatric femoral shaft fractures presenting to a tertiary pediatric referral hospital from 2012 to 2017. Pediatric femur malunion criteria were applied to radiographs at initial presentation, first follow-up visit, and final follow-up visit. The primary outcome was a change in management based on radiographic findings in the early postoperative period. Secondary outcomes included radiographic measures, number of follow-up visits, and complications. RESULTS: Of 449 consecutive pediatric femur fractures treated at our center, 149 patients aged 1 to 4 years (mean age: 2.5±1.6 y) met inclusion criteria. At initial presentation, 36.9% (55/149) of patients met malunion criteria. Only 4.0% (6/149) of patients had a change in management following initial closed reduction and spica cast application due to radiographic findings at subsequent follow-up. Of these patients, 67% (4/6) were identified on preoperative imaging, and 83.3% (5/6) were identified by their first clinic appointment. Four of the 149 patients were converted to definitive surgical fixation, and 2 patients required cast wedging due to either unacceptable fracture shortening or coronal/sagittal angulation. CONCLUSIONS: Routine early postoperative radiographs may not be necessary for all pediatric femur fractures managed with closed reduction and spica casting. The value of this study is that it is the first to demonstrate the feasibility of limiting postoperative radiographs using a preoperative screening tool. However, the established femoral malunion criteria utilized in this study were limited in their predictive value, and further work is necessary to improve the sensitivity and specificity before widespread clinical application. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.


Assuntos
Moldes Cirúrgicos , Fraturas do Fêmur , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Viabilidade , Fraturas do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 42(2): e168-e173, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995260

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study was undertaken to compare the radiologic outcomes of bilateral and unilateral Perthes disease and also to evaluate the outcome of synchronous and metachronous bilateral Perthes disease. METHODS: Of 353 children with Perthes disease followed up from presentation to healing during the last 10 years, 37 had bilateral involvement (11 synchronous and 26 metachronous onset). The radiologic outcomes of each hip of children with bilateral disease were compared with outcomes of 148 children with unilateral disease who were matched for age, sex, and treatment. Children with unilateral or bilateral diseases were treated with a proximal femoral varus derotation osteotomy if they fulfilled the criteria for surgery. The primary outcome measure was the shape of the femoral head at healing assessed by the Sphericity Deviation Score (SDS). RESULTS: The children with bilateral disease were younger than those with unilateral disease (6.2 vs. 7.03 y; P<0.001), and they had a longer duration of the disease. All other characteristics of bilateral and unilateral cases were similar. The SDS values of unilateral and bilateral disease were comparable, as were the SDS of synchronous and metachronous bilateral disease. The effect of early surgery on the evolution of the disease in bilateral cases was similar to that reported in unilateral disease. The age of onset of the disease alone influenced the SDS in bilateral cases. CONCLUSION: The age at onset of the bilateral disease is lower, the duration of the disease longer than that of unilateral disease, but the disease outcome is similar.


Assuntos
Doença de Legg-Calve-Perthes , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Cabeça do Fêmur , Humanos , Doença de Legg-Calve-Perthes/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Legg-Calve-Perthes/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 42(2): e188-e191, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995261

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated diminishing returns in patients with early onset scoliosis (EOS) undergoing repeated lengthening of growing rods. Little is known about whether this same phenomenon occurs in patients with lax connective tissue disease (CTD). The primary purpose of this study is to investigate whether EOS patients with connective tissue laxity disorders have diminishing returns during growth friendly surgery. METHODS: CTD EOS patients below 10 years old, underwent growth friendly spine surgery with distal anchors and at least 1 proximal spine anchor, and had minimum follow-up of 5 years were included in this study. Coronal T1-S1 height at preindex surgery, postindex, and every available lengthening was assessed. Mean coronal height change during early set distractions and late set distractions were calculated for the cohort. To account for varying distraction intervals, we normalized the distractions by the time interval. The outcome parameter was T1-S1 height gain, mm/year. RESULTS: Twenty-one CTD patients were included in this study. Total coronal height (T1-S1) was 26.7MHCcm before index, 32.2 cm at D1-D3, 34.7 cm at D4-D6, and 36.7 cm at D7-L10. There were no significant differences in coronal height gains between early and late distractions (P=0.70). Moreover, when normalized for time, there was no significant difference in net gain per year at different lengthening time points for the CTD group, P=0.59. CONCLUSION: There is no evidence of diminishing returns in coronal T1-S1 height gain in patients with EOS in the setting of CTD. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo , Escoliose , Criança , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/cirurgia , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 42(2): e201-e205, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: One of the most common treatment options for a short Achilles tendon (AT) in cerebral palsy is percutaneous AT lengthening using 3 hemisections. Because of proximity of neurovascular structures around the tendon, iatrogenic injury to them have been a concern about this technique. The sural nerve (SN) is under risk of injury at the site of the lateral incomplete cut, especially if it is done proximally. The medial neurovascular bundle is under injury risk at medial cuts. The aim of the article was to study the anatomical relations of the SN and medial neurovascular bundle to the AT, and define dangerous levels for injury with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Patients operated for percutaneous Achilles lengthening were called for MRI investigation of the SN and medial neruvascular bundle integrity and their anatomical relation with the AT. The distance of 5 mm was taken as the threshold for increased risk of injury. Measurements were done on MRI at each cm from the insertion of the tendon on both medial and lateral sides, and at the level of the middle cut. RESULTS: Thirty ankles operated and followed at least 1 year were included to the study. On the medial side, the tibial nerve, and the posterior tibial artery lied more than 5 mm away from the tendon at all levels in all patient. On the lateral side, the first 4 cm were relatively safe for the middle lateral cut, while increased risk of SN damage was detected in more proximal levels. Overall, 6 of 30 ankles had radiographically detectable SN injury. CONCLUSIONS: The first 4 cm of the AT on the lateral side was detected to be safe for the middle lateral directed cut, while whole tendon length were found to be safe for the first and the third cuts of the percutaneous Achilles lengthening surgery using 3 hemisections in children with cerebral palsy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Paralisia Cerebral , Tendão do Calcâneo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tendão do Calcâneo/cirurgia , Tornozelo , Criança , Humanos , Nervo Sural , Tenotomia
6.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 42(2): e224-e228, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to describe the technique of retrograde application of Fassier-Duval (FD) rod for the humerus in patients with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). This technique was developed to overcome the downsides of the previously used techniques of humerus rodding. METHODS: The study was done at a tertiary care pediatric orthopaedic hospital from April 2014 to August 2021. Skeletally immature patients with OI who underwent retrograde FD rodding were included. This surgery was performed for humeral shaft fractures/bowing limited to the distal half of the bone to ensure appropriate stability of the fixation. Surgical technique of the procedure is described in detail. RESULTS: Six patients with OI, of which 2 (33.3%) had FD rodding bilaterally, were included. The mean age at rodding was 7.6±3.5 (range: 3 to 14) years. The mean duration of postoperative follow-up was 45.5±18.0 (range: 24 to 75) months. All patients had full healing of the fracture/osteotomy, with functional alignment of their humeri. No surgical complications were observed; however, 1 (12.5%) segment only had a traumatic humerus fracture following a fall that was associated with rod migration, occurring 60 months postoperatively. This was treated with a retrograde FD rodding again, with fracture augmentation with plate and screws. CONCLUSIONS: The retrograde FD rodding technique of the humerus in OI patients is relatively simple and preserves the soft tissue surrounding the shoulder joint, with favorable outcomes. Studies with larger sample size and long-term follow-up duration are needed. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV-case series.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Úmero , Osteogênese Imperfeita , Criança , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Úmero/cirurgia , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteogênese Imperfeita/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 9, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone fibrous dysplasia is a benign disease of bone tissue dysplasia. Vision impairment is the commonest neurological complication of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia. Most of the vision loss caused by craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is usually a gradual process. Very few present with acute visual impairment as described in our case. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a patient with fibrous dysplasia presenting rapidly progressive visual loss in the left eye secondary to bone cyst formation. Transnasal endoscopic surgery guided by navigation with drainage and curettage of this bone cyst and orbital decompression resulted in progressive improvement in visual acuity that returned to normal 1 month post-operatively. CONCLUSIONS: In cases with acute visual loss due to fibrous dysplasia, emergency surgical treatment should be considered to preserve vision. In the surgical approach, navigation-guided nasal endoscopic surgery may be preferred because of its advantages.


Assuntos
Displasia Fibrosa Óssea , Complicações na Gravidez , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Endoscopia , Displasia Fibrosa Óssea/complicações , Displasia Fibrosa Óssea/cirurgia , Humanos , Acuidade Visual
8.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 6, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996410

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ingestion of fish bones leading to gastric perforation and inducing abscess formation in the caudate lobe of the liver is very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old man presented to our hospital with a 2-day history of subxiphoid pain. There were no specific symptoms other than pain. Laboratory tests showed only an increase in the number and percentage of neutrophils. Contrast-enhanced Computerized tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed two linear dense opacities in the gastric cardia, one of which penetrated the stomach and was adjacent to the caudate lobe of the liver, with inflammatory changes in the caudate lobe. We finally diagnosed his condition as a caudate lobe abscess secondary to intestinal perforation caused by a fishbone based on the history and imaging findings. The patient underwent 3D laparoscopic partial caudate lobectomy, incision and drainage of the liver abscess, and fishbone removal. The procedure was successful and we removed the fishbone from the liver. The patient was discharged on the 9th postoperative day without other complications. CONCLUSIONS: Liver abscess caused by foreign bodies requires multidisciplinary treatment. Especially when located in the caudate lobe, we must detect and remove the cause of the abscess as early as possible. Foreign bodies that perforate the gastrointestinal tract can penetrate to the liver and cause abscess formation, as in this case. When exploring the etiology of liver abscesses, we should investigate the general condition, including the whole gastrointestinal tract.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos , Migração de Corpo Estranho , Laparoscopia , Abscesso Hepático , Idoso , Animais , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Migração de Corpo Estranho/complicações , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Migração de Corpo Estranho/cirurgia , Humanos , Abscesso Hepático/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Hepático/etiologia , Abscesso Hepático/cirurgia , Masculino
9.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 5, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The frequency of gallstones is higher in patients who have undergone gastrectomy than in the general population. While there have been some studies of gallstone formation after open gastrectomy, there are few reports of gallstones after laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG). Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the incidence of gallstones after LG. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 184 patients who underwent LG between January 2011 and May 2016 at Saiseikai Utsunomiya Hospital. After gastrectomy, abdominal ultrasonography was generally performed every 6 months for 5 years. Patients who underwent cholecystectomy before LG, underwent simultaneous cholecystectomy, and did not undergo abdominal ultrasonography, with an observation period of < 24 months, were excluded from the study. Finally, 90 patients were analyzed. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed whenever biliary complications occurred. Patient characteristics were compared using the two-tailed Fisher's exact test or Chi-square test. In addition, the risk factors for postoperative gallstones were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Among the 90 patients included in this study, 60 were men (78%), and the mean age was 65.5 years. Laparoscopic total gastrectomy was performed for 15 patients and laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for 75 patients. D2 lymph node dissection was performed for 8 patients (9%), whereas 68 patients underwent LG with Roux-en-Y reconstruction (76%). Gallstones were detected after LG in 27 of the 90 (30%) patients. Multivariate analysis identified Roux-en-Y reconstruction and male sex as significant risk factors of gallstones after gastrectomy. The incidence of gallstones was significantly higher (53%) in male patients who underwent Roux-en-Y reconstruction. Symptomatic gallstones after laparoscopic cholecystectomy were found in 6 cases (6/27, 22%), and all patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. CONCLUSION: Roux-en-Y reconstruction and male sex were identified as significant risk factors for gallstones after LG.


Assuntos
Cálculos Biliares , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Cálculos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Biliares/epidemiologia , Cálculos Biliares/etiologia , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
10.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 2, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We have improved and named a new reverse rolling-mat type lymph node dissection, which effectively solves the dilemma faced by the traditional lymph node dissection in hand-assisted laparoscopic D2 radical gastrectomy through the optimization of the surgical procedure. However, the relevant clinical data are still scarce. The study aims to compare the clinical effects of two surgical procedure and explore the safety and feasibility of "reverse procedure". STUDY DESIGN: The clinicopathological data of 195 patients who underwent hand-assisted D2 radical total gastrectomy (HALTG) in our hospital from January 2011 to September 2017 were collected. A retrospective case-control study was used to compare the clinical outcomes of the two patterns of lymph node dissection. Among them, 89 patients underwent "cabbage type" lymph node dissection and 106 patients underwent the "reverse procedure" lymph node dissection. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups of patients in terms of gender, age, tumor location, incision length, postoperative hospitalization duration, pathological classification, recent complications, long-term recurrence and metastasis. The operation time of "cabbage type" group was shorter than that of "reverse procedure" group (178.35 ± 31.52 min vs 191.25 ± 32.77 min; P = 0.006). While, in the "reverse procedure" group, intraoperative blood loss was less (249.4 ± 143.12 vs 213.58 ± 101.43; P = 0.049), and there were more numbers of lymph nodes dissected (18.04 ± 7.00 vs 32.25 ± 14.23; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The pattern of reverse rolling-mat type lymph node dissection in HALTG perform well in terms of safety and feasibility.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia Assistida com a Mão , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
11.
BMC Surg ; 22(1): 3, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996417

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to identify if there is an association between the operative time of the initial debridement for necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) and the mortality corrected for disease severity. METHODS: A retrospective multicenter study was conducted of all patients with NSTIs undergoing surgical debridement. The primary outcome was the 30-day mortality. The secondary outcomes were days until death, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, length of hospital stay, number of surgeries within first 30 days, amputations and days until definitive wound closure. RESULTS: A total of 160 patients underwent surgery for NSTIs and were eligible for inclusion. Twenty-two patients (14%) died within 30 days and 21 patients (13%) underwent an amputation. The median operative time of the initial debridement was 59 min (IQR 35-90). In a multivariable analyses, corrected for sepsis just prior to the initial surgery, estimated total body surface (TBSA) area affected and the American Society for Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, a prolonged operative time (per 20 min) was associated with a prolonged ICU (ß 1.43, 95% CI 0.46-2.40; p = 0.004) and hospital stay (ß 3.25, 95% CI 0.23-6.27; p = 0.035), but not with 30-day mortality. Operative times were significantly prolonged in case of NSTIs of the trunk (p = 0.044), in case of greater estimated TBSA affected (p = 0.006) or if frozen sections and/or Gram stains were assessed intra-operatively (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged initial surgery did not result in a higher mortality rate, possible because of a short duration of surgery in most studied patients. However, a prolonged operative time was associated with a prolonged ICU and hospital stay, regardless of the estimated TBSA affected, presence of sepsis prior to surgery and the ASA classification. As such, keeping operative times as limited as possible might be beneficial for NSTI patients.


Assuntos
Infecções dos Tecidos Moles , Amputação , Desbridamento , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia
12.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 8, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma mainly treated via surgical resection. Herein, we report a case of MPNST wherein a massive tumor thrombus extended to the major veins and heart. CASE PRESENTATION: A 39-year-old female with a history of neurofibromatosis type 1 developed MPNST from the right radial nerve. In addition to adjuvant chemotherapy, she underwent wide tumor resection and concomitant radial nerve resection, followed by postoperative radiotherapy. Histological evaluation revealed marked venous invasion. The 2-year follow-up CT revealed an asymptomatic recurrent tumor thrombus extending from the right subclavian vein to the heart. An urgent life-saving operation was performed to ligate the base of the right subclavian vein and remove the entire intravenous thrombus that extended to the right ventricle. The remaining tumor in the right subclavian vein increased in size 3 months after thrombectomy. After confirming the absence of any metastatic lesions, the patient underwent extended forequarter amputation to achieve surgical remission. One year later, a new metastasis to the right diaphragm was safely resected. The patient remains alive without any evidence of disease 2 years after the extended forequarter amputation. CONCLUSIONS: In cases of a previous history of microscopic venous invasion, recurrence can occur as a massive tumor thrombus that extends to the great vessels.


Assuntos
Neurofibromatose 1 , Neurofibrossarcoma , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Trombose , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/cirurgia
13.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 10, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with gastric cancer are aging in Japan. It is not clear which patients and which surgical procedures have survival benefits after gastrectomy. A multivariate analysis was performed. METHODS: The medical records of 166 patients aged ≥ 80 years who underwent gastrectomy without macroscopic residual tumors were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate analyses using Cox proportional hazard models were performed to detect prognostic factors for overall survival. RESULTS: In univariate analyses, age (≥ 90 vs. ≥ 80, < 85), performance status (3 vs. 0), American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status (ASA-PS) (3, 4 vs. 1, 2), Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (< 40 vs. ≥ 45), the physiological score of the Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) (≥ 40 vs. ≥ 20, ≤ 29), surgical approach (laparoscopic vs. open), extent of gastrectomy (total, proximal vs. distal), extent of lymphadenectomy (D1 vs. ≥ D2), pathological stage (II-IV vs. I), and residual tumor (R1 vs. R0) were significantly correlated with worse overall survival. Multivariate analysis revealed that ASA-PS [3, 4 vs. 1, 2, hazard ratio (HR) 2.30, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.24-4.24], extent of gastrectomy (total vs. distal, HR 2.17, 95% CI 1.10-4.31) (proximal vs. distal, HR 4.05, 95% CI 1.45-11.3), extent of lymphadenectomy (D0 vs. ≥ D2, HR 12.4, 95% CI 1.58-97.7), and pathological stage were independent risk factors for mortality. CONCLUSIONS: ASA-PS was a useful predictor for postoperative mortality. Gastrectomy including cardia is best avoided.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
14.
World J Surg Oncol ; 20(1): 9, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety of gasless endoscopic trans-axillary thyroid surgery is still undetermined. METHODS: Clinical findings and postoperative complications of patients who had undergone trans-axillary thyroid surgery due to thyroid cancer and thyroid nodules were retrospectively studied. The sensory change and paralysis results from this technique and patients' satisfaction with the cosmesis were also studied. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (49 females and 2 males) received operations by gasless, endoscopic trans-axillary approaches with one patient whose operation was converted to open surgery because of internal jugular vein injury. Only two patients developed temporary vocal cord paralysis and no patients developed other severe complications. The alleviation of the discomfort in the anterior neck area and sternocleidomastoid, and the cosmetic effect of gasless endoscopic trans-axillary thyroid surgery were acceptable. No evidence of recurrence was found during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Gasless, endoscopic trans-axillary thyroid surgery is a feasible procedure with acceptable safety and better cosmetic results in strictly selected patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidectomia , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 2, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are several concerns on thoracoscopic surgery for large tumors because of the increased risk of tumor cell spillage. This study aimed to compare perioperative outcomes and oncological validity between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and open lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with tumor size > 5 cm. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 355 patients who underwent lobectomy with clinical N0 NSCLC with solid tumor component diameter > 5 cm between January 2009 and December 2016. Patients with tumor invading adjacent structures were excluded. The patients were divided into the VATS group (n = 132) and thoracotomy group (n = 223). Propensity score matching (1:1) was applied. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, 204 patients were matched, and clinical characteristics of the two groups were well balanced. The VATS group was associated with a shorter length of hospital stay (6 days vs. 7 days; P < 0.001) than the thoracotomy group. There were no significant differences in the 5-year overall survival (71.5% in VATS vs. 64.4% in thoracotomy, P = 0.390) and 5-year recurrence-free survival (60.1% in VATS vs. 51.5% in thoracotomy, P = 0.210) between the two groups. The cumulative incidence of ipsilateral pleural recurrence was not significantly different between the two groups (12.0% in VATS vs. 7.9% in thoracotomy; P = 0.582). CONCLUSIONS: In clinical N0 NSCLC larger than 5 cm, VATS lobectomy resulted in shorter hospital stay and similar survival outcome compared to open lobectomy. Based on these results, VATS lobectomy is a valuable option in this subset of patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Toracotomia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 1, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Creating a box lesion in the posterior wall of the left atrium from the epicardial side of the beating heart remains a challenge. Although a transmural lesion can be created by applying radiofrequency (RF) energy at clampable sites, it is still difficult to create a transmural lesion at unclampable sites because the inner blood flow in the unclampable free wall weakens the thermal effect on the outside. Our aim was to apply the newly developed infrared coagulator to create linear transmural lesions on the beating heart thoracoscopically to treat atrial fibrillation (AF). CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old male was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and permanent atrial fibrillation. The patient was first diagnosed with atrial fibrillation 20 years before. Direct current cardioversion had been performed every few years a total of four times, but sinus rhythm restoration had always been temporary. On February 27, 2020, thoracoscopic PV isolation together with infrared roof- and bottom-line ablation to create a box lesion and left atrial appendage amputation (LAAA) were performed. The coagulator could be applied to clinical thoracoscopic surgery to successfully create a box lesion without any complication. The patient restored a regular sinus rhythm, it has been maintained for eleven months, and there have been no adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: The infrared coagulator might have enough potential to create transmural lesions on the beating heart in thoracoscopic AF surgery.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Toracoscopia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Head Face Med ; 18(1): 2, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic tool and treatment strategy in patients suffering from temporomandibular disorders (TMD) when conservative treatment fails. This study aimed to find specific variables on pre-operative MRI or during arthroscopy that could predict success of arthroscopic lysis and lavage. METHODS: This retrospective analysis compared pre-operative maximum interincisal opening (MIO), pain and main complaint (pain, limited MIO or joint sounds) with results at short-term and medium-term follow-up (ST and MT respectively). Different variables scored on MRI or arthroscopy were used to make a stepwise regression model, subsequently a combined analysis was conducted using variables from both MRI and arthroscopy. RESULTS: A total of 47 patients (50 joints) met the inclusion criteria. The main complaint improved by 62 and 53% at ST and MT respectively. The absolute or probable absence of a crumpled disc scored on MRI predicted success at ST and MT (p = 0.0112 and p = 0.0054), and remained significant at MT in the combined analysis (p = 0.0078). Arthroscopic findings of degenerative joint disease predicted success at ST (p = 0.0178), absolute or probable absence of discal reduction scored during arthroscopy significantly predicted success in the combined analysis at ST (p = 0.0474). CONCLUSION: To improve selection criteria for patients undergoing an arthroscopic lysis and lavage of the TMJ, future research might focus on variables visualized on MRI. Although more research is needed, disc shape and in particular the absolute or probable absence of a crumpled disc might be used as predictive variable for success.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Artroscopia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação Temporomandibular , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Med Case Rep ; 16(1): 8, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996519

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoma is a benign tumor of the bones, which can be classified as central or peripheral. The occurrence in the jawbones is uncommon, but when it occurs, there is a greater prevalence of the mandible. The etiology is still unknown, and the hypothesis of its development is debated. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35-year-old Caucasian man presenting a tumor lesion in the right jawbone that had been growing for 8 years sought medical service complaining of speaking impairment. According to the patient, the tumor appeared shortly after a minor trauma caused by tooth extraction. The diagnosis of the lesion was made through clinical, radiographic, and histological methods, and the surgical treatment was successful and satisfactory for the patient as well as the surgical team, despite a short follow-up. CONCLUSION: Etiopathogenesis of osteoma is not determined in the majority of cases. In the present report, it was possible to hypothesize the association between a minor trauma and the development of the tumor, reinforcing the reactive theory of tumor development. The uncommon location of the osteoma, as well the possibility of identifying the possible cause of the lesion, makes this case particularly interesting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Mandibulares , Osteoma , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Neoplasias Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Mandibulares/cirurgia , Anamnese , Osteoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoma/cirurgia , Extração Dentária
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(1)2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996768

RESUMO

An 82-year-old man presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and febrile symptoms that had been present for 4 days. Blood tests showed elevated liver enzymes and white blood cell count, and abdominal contrast-enhanced CT revealed a 35 mm cystic lesion in the left lateral liver lobe. On closer examination, the cystic lesion was found to have contiguous bile duct dilatation and internal nodules. Furthermore, mucus production was observed during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, which led to the diagnosis of intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB), with cystic infection. Although the patient was an older adult, there was no background disease that would have prevented surgery, and resection was performed. Pathological examination revealed type 1 IPNB, with invasive carcinoma. The number of reports of IPNB is expected to increase with an increasing older population in Asia, and we report the findings of this case.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Carcinoma Papilar , Carcinoma , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 15(1)2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996769

RESUMO

Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MC) is a rare cartilaginous tumour that occurs in the extraskeletal locations in about one-third of cases. It is aggressive in behaviour and may involve the lower extremities, central nervous system or spine. Mesenchymal tumours are known for distant metastasis; however, metastasis to bilateral kidneys after treatment has not been reported earlier. We present a case of a soft-tissue intramuscular MC of the thigh in a 38-year-old patient which had been surgically excised after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The patient presented with bilateral dense calcified renal masses after 6 years, which were cytologically proven as MC metastases. In the evaluation of bilateral calcified renal masses in patients with a history of MC, metastasis should be considered.


Assuntos
Condrossarcoma Mesenquimal , Condrossarcoma , Neoplasias de Tecido Conjuntivo , Adulto , Condrossarcoma Mesenquimal/diagnóstico por imagem , Condrossarcoma Mesenquimal/cirurgia , Humanos , Coxa da Perna
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