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1.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323292

RESUMO

The first part of this case report describes the surgical treatment of a unilateral mandibular fracture in the standing horse by using a fixateur type I. By the time of implant removal, the fracture had completely healed. However, during implant removal, an implant failure of 2 of the 4 implants occurred with fragments remaining in the bone. The second part of the report focuses on the development of a special surgical instrument that was designed for removal of the implant fragments. Furthermore, the surgical method allowing the entire extirpation of the fragments within a second surgery is described.According to the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report showing the use of the presented surgical technique for the treatment of a mandibular fracture in the standing horse. Additionally, this report also provides an approach for removing implant fragments from the depth of the bone which may occur in case of implant breakage as a potential complication of the described surgery.


Assuntos
Remoção de Dispositivo , Fraturas Mandibulares , Animais , Remoção de Dispositivo/efeitos adversos , Remoção de Dispositivo/instrumentação , Remoção de Dispositivo/veterinária , Falha de Equipamento/veterinária , Cavalos , Fraturas Mandibulares/cirurgia , Fraturas Mandibulares/veterinária
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(21)2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366245

RESUMO

Square markers are a widespread tool to find correspondences for camera localization because of their robustness, accuracy, and detection speed. Their identification is usually based on a binary encoding that accounts for the different rotations of the marker; however, most systems do not consider the possibility of observing reflected markers. This case is possible in environments containing mirrors or reflective surfaces, and its lack of consideration is a source of detection errors, which is contrary to the robustness expected from square markers. This is the first work in the literature that focuses on reflection-aware square marker dictionaries. We present the derivation of the inter-marker distance of a reflection-aware dictionary and propose new algorithms for generating and identifying such dictionaries. Additionally, part of the proposed method can be used to optimize preexisting dictionaries to take reflection into account. The experimentation carried out demonstrates how our proposal greatly outperforms the most popular predefined dictionaries in terms of inter-marker distance and how the optimization process significantly improves them.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Fotografação , Fotografação/instrumentação
3.
Turk J Ophthalmol ; 52(5): 318-323, 2022 10 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317802

RESUMO

Objectives: To assess the central corneal thickness (CCT) with 5 different devices, evaluate the repeatability of the devices, and determine the possible relationship between thickness values and sex. Materials and Methods: The study included 308 eyes of 154 patients (76 women, 78 men) between the ages of 18-30 who presented to the Ophthalmology Clinic of Mugla Sitki Koçman University Training and Research Hospital. Autorefractor (Topcon, Japan), ultrasound pachymetry (UP) (Ceniscan, USA), high-resolution Pentacam (Oculus, USA), anterior segment-optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) (Optovue, USA), and Spectralis AS-OCT (Heidelberg, Germany) measurements were assessed. Results: The mean age of the study participants was 23.2±0.2 years and the mean CCT was 540±14.1 µm, with no statistically significant difference in CCT between sexes (p>0.05). Mean CCT values were 557.0±26.7 µm with the autorefractor, 543.6±32.9 µm with UP, 533.8±30.2 µm with the Oculus Pentacam, 519.8±30.1 µm with Optovue AS-OCT, and 547.5±31.6 µm with Heidelberg AS-OCT. Pairwise comparisons between devices showed that the Optovue AS-OCT gave significantly lower CCT measurements than the autorefractor and Heidelberg AS-OCT device (p=0.027 and p=0.033, respectively). The coefficient of repeatability for autorefractor, UP, high-resolution Pentacam, Optovue AS-OCT, and Heidelberg AS-OCT CCT measurements were 1.51%, 2.46%, 3.72%, 2.57%, and 3.34%, respectively. Conclusion: Measurements made with five different devices showed that CCT was comparable and clinically usable. However, it was determined that the Optovue AS-OCT showed lower CCT values compare to other devices. When compared in terms of repeatability, it was found to be lower in the Pentacam than other devices.


Assuntos
Córnea , Paquimetria Corneana , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Paquimetria Corneana/instrumentação , Paquimetria Corneana/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Fatores Sexuais
4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362146

RESUMO

Blood cell detection is an essential branch of microscopic imaging for disease diagnosis. TE-YOLOF is an effective model for blood cell detection, and was recently found to have an outstanding trade-off between accuracy and model complexity. However, there is a lack of understanding of whether the dilated encoder in TE-YOLOF works well for blood cell detection. To address this issue, we perform a thorough experimental analysis and find the interesting fact that the dilated encoder is not necessary for TE-YOLOF to perform the blood cell detection task. For the purpose of increasing performance on blood cell detection, in this research, we use the attention mechanism to dominate the dilated encoder place in TE-YOLOF and find that the attention mechanism is effective to address this problem. Based upon these findings, we propose a novel approach, named Enhanced Channel Attention Module (ECAM), based on attention mechanism to achieve precision improvement with less growth on model complexity. Furthermore, we examine the proposed ECAM method compared with other tip-top attention mechanisms and find that the proposed attention method is more effective on blood cell detection task. We incorporate the spatial attention mechanism in CBAM with our ECAM to form a new module, which is named Enhanced-CBAM. We propose a new network named Enhanced Channel Attention Network (ENCANet) based upon Enhanced-CBAM to perform blood cell detection on BCCD dataset. This network can increase the accuracy to 90.3 AP while the parameter is only 6.5 M. Our ENCANet is also effective for conducting cross-domain blood cell detection experiments.


Assuntos
Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Humanos , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas/instrumentação
5.
Water Sci Technol ; 86(9): 2071-2088, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378167

RESUMO

Suspended solids removal is a key performance measure for proprietary stormwater treatment devices. Various technologies are available, with manufacturers claiming hydrodynamic separators offer performance advantages. However, it is important to assess manufacturers' claims. Accordingly, this study seeks to compare the performance of proprietary devices, by applying dimensional analysis to third-party certification data and experimental data from uncertified devices, and to determine the accuracy of a single parameter estimation (Hazen or Péclet number) of removal efficiency. Statistical analysis indicates that device performance is well described by a single parameter estimation transitioning from Hazen (Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient = 0.81 and root mean square error = 5.1%) at low surface loading rates (SLR) in all technology types (high removal efficiency) to Péclet (Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient = 0.5 to 0.61 and root mean square error = 5.9% to 4.3%) at higher SLR (low removal efficiency) for hydrodynamic separators. This indicates that performance at low SLR is well explained by gravity separation in all technology types, whilst in hydrodynamic separators removal at high SLR is better explained by gravity separation plus advection. Consequently, when high (>80%) removal efficiency is required there is no performance advantage between technology types. However, when low (<50%) removal efficiency is required hydrodynamic separators offer a 33% increase in treatment area.


Assuntos
Purificação da Água , Humanos , Hidrodinâmica , Chuva , Purificação da Água/instrumentação , Purificação da Água/métodos , Abastecimento de Água , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Nature ; 610(7931): 283-289, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36224418

RESUMO

The current proliferation of mobile robots spans ecological monitoring, warehouse management and extreme environment exploration, to an individual consumer's home1-4. This expanding frontier of applications requires robots to transit multiple environments, a substantial challenge that traditional robot design strategies have not effectively addressed5,6. For example, biomimetic design-copying an animal's morphology, propulsion mechanism and gait-constitutes one approach, but it loses the benefits of engineered materials and mechanisms that can be exploited to surpass animal performance7,8. Other approaches add a unique propulsive mechanism for each environment to the same robot body, which can result in energy-inefficient designs9-11. Overall, predominant robot design strategies favour immutable structures and behaviours, resulting in systems incapable of specializing across environments12,13. Here, to achieve specialized multi-environment locomotion through terrestrial, aquatic and the in-between transition zones, we implemented 'adaptive morphogenesis', a design strategy in which adaptive robot morphology and behaviours are realized through unified structural and actuation systems. Taking inspiration from terrestrial and aquatic turtles, we built a robot that fuses traditional rigid components and soft materials to radically augment the shape of its limbs and shift its gaits for multi-environment locomotion. The interplay of gait, limb shape and the environmental medium revealed vital parameters that govern the robot's cost of transport. The results attest that adaptive morphogenesis is a powerful method to enhance the efficiency of mobile robots encountering unstructured, changing environments.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Meio Ambiente , Desenho de Equipamento , Robótica , Animais , Biomimética/instrumentação , Biomimética/métodos , Locomoção , Robótica/instrumentação , Robótica/métodos , Tartarugas/fisiologia
9.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1231: 340392, 2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36220287

RESUMO

In this study, a ZrO2/nitrogen-doped three-dimensional porous carbon (ZrO2/N-3DPC) nanocomposite was manufactured to fabricate an effective electrochemical sensor for the detection of ultra-trace mercury ion (Hg2+). The synthesized N-3DPC had an open pore structure, large specific surface area and enough continuous mass transfer channels, which can facilitate the diffusion and transmission of electrons and ions at the sensing interface, providing an effective adhesion platform for electrochemical deposition of ZrO2 nanoparticles. Benefiting from the synergistic effect of ZrO2 and N-3DPC, the developed electrochemical sensor had good adsorption and catalytic performance for Hg2+ with a wider linear range of 0.1-220 µg L-1 and a lower detection limit of 0.062 µg L-1. Meanwhile, the sensor exhibited remarkable repeatability, reproducibility, stability and anti-interference, and was further applied to detect Hg2+ in seafood and tap water with satisfactory recoveries (97.1-103.1%) and lower relative standard deviation (≤4.3%). The proposed strategy of electrochemical sensing detection of Hg2+ provides a new idea and direction for the research of ZrO2/N-3DPC nanocomposite in the field of analysis and detection, which is also of great significance to ensure foods, environmental safety and human health.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Mercúrio , Nanocompostos , Carbono/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Humanos , Íons/química , Íons/isolamento & purificação , Mercúrio/isolamento & purificação , Nanocompostos/química , Nitrogênio/química , Porosidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Água/química
10.
Kidney360 ; 3(9): 1545-1555, 2022 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36245649

RESUMO

Background: Physical inactivity is common in patients receiving hemodialysis, but activity patterns throughout the day and in relation to dialysis are largely unknown. This knowledge gap can be addressed by long-term continuous activity monitoring, but this has not been attempted and may not be acceptable to patients receiving dialysis. Methods: Ambulatory patients with end-stage kidney disease receiving thrice-weekly hemodialysis wore commercially available wrist-worn activity monitors for 6 months. Step counts were collected every 15 minutes and were linked to dialysis treatments. Physical function was assessed using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Fast time to recovery from dialysis was defined as ≤2 hours. Mixed effects models were created to estimate step counts over time. Results: Of 52 patients enrolled, 48 were included in the final cohort. The mean age was 60 years, and 75% were Black or Hispanic. Comorbidity burden was high, 38% were transported to and from dialysis by paratransit, and 79% had SPPB <10. Median accelerometer use (199 days) and adherence (95%) were high. Forty-two patients (of 43 responders) reported wearing the accelerometer every day, and few barriers to adherence were noted. Step counts were lower on dialysis days (3991 [95% CI, 3187 to 4796] versus 4561 [95% CI, 3757 to 5365]), but step-count intensity was significantly higher during the hour immediately after dialysis than during the corresponding time on nondialysis days (188 steps per hour increase [95% CI, 171 to 205]); these levels were the highest noted at any time. Postdialysis increases were more pronounced among patients with fast recovery time (225 [95% CI, 203 to 248] versus 134 [95% CI, 107 to 161] steps per hour) or those with SPPB ≥7. Estimates were unchanged after adjustment for demographics, diabetes status, and ultrafiltration rate. Conclusions: Long-term continuous monitoring of physical activity is feasible in patients receiving hemodialysis. Highly granular data collection and analysis yielded new insights into patterns of activity after dialysis treatments.


Assuntos
Monitores de Aptidão Física , Falência Renal Crônica , Monitorização Ambulatorial , Diálise Renal , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Ambulatorial/instrumentação , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
11.
Environ Monit Assess ; 195(1): 44, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36302915

RESUMO

Farming has a plethora of difficult responsibilities, and plant monitoring is one of them. There is also an urgent need to increase the number of alternative techniques for detecting plant diseases, which is now lacking. The agriculture and agricultural support sectors in India provide employment for the great majority of the country's people. In India, the agricultural production of the country is directly connected to the country's economic growth rate. In order to sustain healthy plant development, a variety of processes must be followed, including consideration of environmental factors and water supply management for the optimal production of crops. It is inefficient and uncertain in its outcomes to use the traditional method of watering a lawn. The devastation of more than 18% of the world's agricultural produce is caused by disease attacks on an annual basis. Because it is difficult to execute these activities manually, identifying plant diseases is essential to decreasing losses in the agricultural product business. In addition to diagnosing a wide range of plant ailments, our method also includes the identification of infections as a prophylactic step. Below is a detailed description of a farm-based module that includes numerous cloud data centers and data conversion devices for accurately monitoring and managing farm information and environmental elements. This procedure involves imaging the plant's visually obvious signs in order to identify disease. It is recommended that the therapy be used in conjunction with an application to minimize any harm. Increased productivity as a result of the suggested approach would help both the agricultural and irrigation sectors. The plant area module is fitted with a mobile camera that captures images of all of the plants in the area, and all of the plants' information is saved in a database, which is accessible from any computer with Internet access. It is planned to record information on the plant's name, the type of illness that has been afflicted, and an image of the plant. In a wide range of applications, bots are used to collect images of various plants as well as to prevent disease transmission. To ensure that all information given is retained on the Internet, data is collected and stored in cloud storage as it becomes essential to regulate the condition. According to our findings from our research on wide images of healthy and ill fruit and plant leaves, real-time diagnosis of plant leaf diseases may be done with 98.78% accuracy in a laboratory environment. We utilized 40,000 photographs and then analyzed 10,000 photos to construct a DCDM deep learning model, which was then used to train additional models on the data set. Using a cloud-based image diagnostic and classification service, consumers may receive information about their condition in less than a second on average, with the process requiring only 0.349 s on average.


Assuntos
Computação em Nuvem , Monitoramento Ambiental , Aplicativos Móveis , Doenças das Plantas , Humanos , Monitoramento Ambiental/instrumentação , Índia , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle
12.
Eur Endod J ; 7(3): 198-202, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the resistance to cyclic fatigue and the torsional strength of Prima One Gold® and WaveOne Gold® reciprocating systems. METHODS: Cyclic fatigue was tested in an artificial canal with 60º curvature, a 5 mm radius of curvature at 22°C (n=10) and 36.5°C (n=10). The torsional strength test followed ISO 3630-1, measuring torque and deflection angle until fracture (n=10). The t-test was used to compare the two groups, and the significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: The Prima One Gold group presented greater resistance to cyclic fatigue at room temperature (P=0.001) and body temperature (P<0.001). For the torsional resistance test, the Prima One Gold group had a lower maximum torque value (P=0.029), despite having a greater deflection angle (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The Prima One Gold group showed greater resistance to cyclic fatigue regardless of temperature and a greater deflection angle. The WaveOne Gold group showed a greater maximum torque value than the Prima One Gold group.


Assuntos
Análise do Estresse Dentário , Teste de Materiais , Torque , Desenho de Equipamento , Teste de Materiais/instrumentação , Temperatura
13.
JCI Insight ; 7(20)2022 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36194485

RESUMO

No disease-modifying drug exists for osteoarthritis (OA). Despite success in animal models, candidate drugs continue to fail in clinical trials owing to the unmapped interpatient heterogeneity and disease complexity. We used a single-cell platform based on cytometry by time-of-flight (cyTOF) to precisely outline the effects of candidate drugs on human OA chondrocytes. OA chondrocytes harvested from patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were treated with 2 drugs, an NF-κB pathway inhibitor, BMS-345541, and a chondroinductive small molecule, kartogenin, that showed preclinical success in animal models for OA. cyTOF conducted with 30 metal isotope-labeled antibodies parsed the effects of the drugs on inflammatory, senescent, and chondroprogenitor cell populations. The NF-κB pathway inhibition decreased the expression of p-NF-κB, HIF2A, and inducible NOS in multiple chondrocyte clusters and significantly depleted 4 p16ink4a-expressing senescent populations, including NOTCH1+STRO1+ chondroprogenitor cells. While kartogenin also affected select p16ink4a-expressing senescent clusters, there was a less discernible effect on chondroprogenitor cell populations. Overall, BMS-345541 elicited a uniform drug response in all patients, while only a few responded to kartogenin. These studies demonstrate that a single-cell cyTOF-based drug screening platform can provide insights into patient response assessment and patient stratification.


Assuntos
Cartilagem , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Cartilagem/efeitos dos fármacos , Cartilagem/metabolismo , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Homeostase/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Célula Única/instrumentação , Análise de Célula Única/métodos
14.
Arch Razi Inst ; 77(2): 647-660, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36284940

RESUMO

Label-free inertial separation of the circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has attracted significant attention recently. The present study proposed a centrifugal platform for the inertial separation of the CTCs from the white blood cells. Particle trajectories of the contraction-expansion array (CEA) microchannels were analyzed by the finite element method. Four expansion geometries (i.e., circular, rectangular, trapezoidal, and triangular) were compared to explore their differences in separation possibilities. Different operational and geometrical parameters were investigated to achieve maximum separation efficiency. Results indicated that the trapezoidal CEA microchannel with ten expansions and a 100 µm channel depth had the best separation performance at an angular velocity of 100 rad/s. Reynolds number of 47 was set as the optimum value to apply minimum shear stress on the CTCs leading to 100% efficiency and 95% purity. Furthermore, the proposed system was simulated for whole blood by considering the red blood cells.


Assuntos
Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Animais , Eritrócitos , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/veterinária , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Separação Celular/instrumentação , Separação Celular/métodos , Separação Celular/veterinária
15.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 693-704, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399328

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: A dengue é considerada uma das principais arboviroses mundiais, caracterizada no Brasil pelo aumento de casos graves e óbitos. OBJETIVO: realizar análise espacial dos casos prováveis de dengue em São Luís - MA. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico de base populacional dos casos prováveis de dengue, notificados no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN) em 2015 e 2016, ocorridos no município de São Luís ­ MA. Foram georreferenciados 4.681 casos prováveis de dengue por setores censitários, calculadas as taxas de incidência e ajustadas através do estimador bayesiano empírico local. Foi utilizado o estimador de densidade de Kernel e Moran Global e Local para a análise espacial. RESULTADOS: Evidenciou-se através do estimador de densidade de Kernel, áreas quentes (alta-densidade) nos setores censitários da região noroeste do município. As taxas de incidência foram ajustadas pela aplicação do método bayesiano empírico local, identificando-se maior quantidade de setores com média e alta incidência. A partir do índice de Moran global foi evidenciada autocorrelação espacial positiva estatisticamente significativa para as taxas de incidência de dengue (I=0,69; p<0,001) e para as taxas de incidência ajustadas pelo método bayesiano (I=0,80; p<0,001). De acordo com o índice de Moran local, identificou-se clusters de setores de alta incidência de dengue em áreas com alta densidade populacional na região nordeste e noroeste do município. CONCLUSÃO: A pesquisa demonstrou que os estimadores bayesianos ajudaram a minimizar os problemas de subnotificação e da influência do tamanho populacional nos setores censitários.


INTRODUCTION: Dengue is considered one of the main arboviruses in the world, characterized in Brazil by the increase in severe cases and deaths. OBJECTIVE: to perform spatial analysis of probable dengue cases in São Luís - MA. METHODS: Population-based ecological study of probable dengue cases, reported in the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) in 2015 and 2016, which took place in the city of São Luís - MA. 4,681 probable dengue cases were georeferenced by census sectors, incidence rates were calculated and adjusted using the local empirical Bayesian estimator. The Kernel and Moran Global and Local density estimator was used for spatial analysis. RESULTS: Hot areas (high-density) in the census sectors of the northwest region of the municipality were evidenced through the Kernel density estimator. Incidence rates were adjusted by applying the local empirical Bayesian method, identifying a greater number of sectors with medium and high incidence. From the global Moran index, statistically significant positive spatial autocorrelation was evidenced for the dengue incidence rates (I = 0.69; p <0.001) and for the incidence rates adjusted by the Bayesian method (I = 0.80; p <0.001). According to the local Moran index, clusters of sectors with a high incidence of dengue were identified in areas with high population density in the northeast and northwest regions of the municipality. CONCLUSION: The research demonstrated that Bayesian estimators helped to minimize the problems of underreporting and the influence of population size on census tracts.


INTRODUCCIÓN: El dengue es considerado una de las principales arbovirosis a nivel mundial, caracterizada en Brasil por el aumento de casos graves y muertes. OBJETIVO: Realizar un análisis espacial de los casos probables de dengue en São Luís - MA. MÉTODOS: Estudio ecológico de base poblacional de los casos probables de dengue, notificados en el Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação (SINAN) en 2015 y 2016, ocurridos en el municipio de São Luís - MA. Se georreferenciaron 4.681 casos probables de dengue por sectores censales, se calcularon las tasas de incidencia y se ajustaron mediante el estimador empírico bayesiano local. Para el análisis espacial se utilizó el estimador de densidad Kernel y Moran global y local. RESULTADOS: Se evidenció a través del estimador de densidad Kernel, áreas calientes (de alta densidad) en los sectores censales de la región noroeste del municipio. Las tasas de incidencia se ajustaron mediante la aplicación del método bayesiano empírico local, identificándose una mayor cantidad de setores con incidencia media y alta. A partir del índice global de Moran se evidenció una autocorrelación espacial positiva estadísticamente significativa para las tasas de incidencia de dengue (I=0,69; p<0,001) y para las tasas de incidencia ajustadas por el método bayesiano (I=0,80; p<0,001). Según el índice local de Moran, se identificaron clusters de sectores de alta incidencia de dengue en áreas con alta densidad de población en las regiones noreste y noroeste del municipio. CONCLUSIÓN: La investigación demostró que los estimadores bayesianos ayudaron a minimizar los problemas de infradeclaración y la influencia del tamaño de la población en los sectores censales.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Incidência , Dengue/prevenção & controle , Vigilância em Saúde Pública/métodos , Análise Espacial , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Densidade Demográfica , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/instrumentação , Setor Censitário
16.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 949-963, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399512

RESUMO

Introdução: O intestino é um órgão vital, entretanto, seu mau funcionamento pode gerar alguns distúrbios como por exemplo, "A síndrome do intestino irritável". O quadro desses pacientes são dores na barriga, inchaço abdominal e alteração na frequência das evacuações e na consistência das fezes. A fisioterapia tem apresentado meios que favorecem analgesia. Objetivo: Verificar os efeitos da Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea (TENS) e do Ultrassom (US) nos sintomas da síndrome do intestino irritável. Método: Foi utilizado o TENS na região abdominal, durante 15 minutos. O Ultrassom foi usado durante 3 minutos em cada região abdominal, somando 12 minutos ao total. O tratamento foi realizado durante um mês, com 9 sessões. Utilizou-se a Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) e o questionário Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ). Resultados: Nos sintomas intestinais obteve-se progresso de 5 pontos no questionário IBDQ e nos sintomas emocionais houve uma evolução de 9 pontos, sendo este, estatisticamente significante. Na escala EVA a média de escore diminui de 5,6 para 3,6 ao final da intervenção. Conclusão: A intervenção fisioterapêutica surtiu efeitos positivos e contribuiu para a diminuição da dor e os outros sintomas como: inchaço abdominal e diminuição na quantidade de evacuações e essa evolução auxiliou na qualidade de vida do voluntário.


Introduction: The intestine is a vital organ, however, due to its malfunction, some disorders appear, for example, "The irritable bowel syndrome", patients with this syndrome experience pain in the belly, abdominal swelling, changes in the frequency of bowel movements and stool consistency. Physiotherapy uses means that help to cause analgesia. Objective: To verify the effects of TENS and Ultrasound on the symptoms of the individual with irritable bowel syndrome, contributing to the quality of life. Method: TENS was used in the abdominal region in Burst mode with a frequency of 150Hz with amplitude until it caused a slight contraction, for 15 minutes. Ultrasound was used in continuous mode with a frequency of 1MHZ, with a dose of 0.5w / cm2, for 3 minutes in each abdominal region, adding 12 minutes to the total. The treatment was carried out for one month, with 9 sessions. The EVA scale and the IBDQ questionnaire were used. Results: In the intestinal symptoms there was an improvement of 5 points in the IBDQ questionnaire and in the emotional aspect there was an improvement of 9 points and in the emotional aspect it was statistically significant, passing through the Wilcoxon test, P (est.) = 0.031 P (exact) ) = 0.031. On the EVA scale, the mean score before the intervention was 5.6 and at the end 3.6. Conclusion: The physical therapy intervention had positive effects, helping to reduce pain and other symptoms such as:abdominal swelling, decrease in the amount of bowel movements and this improvement helped the individual's emotional state, however a study on the subject is still necessary.


Introducción: El intestino es un órgano vital, sin embargo, su mal funcionamiento puede generar algunos trastornos como el "síndrome del intestino irritable". Los síntomas de estos pacientes son dolor de estómago, hinchazón abdominal y alteración de la frecuencia de las deposiciones y de la consistencia de las heces. La fisioterapia ha presentado medios que favorecen la analgesia. Objetivo: Verificar los efectos de la Estimulación Nerviosa Eléctrica Transcutánea (TENS) y el Ultrasonido (US) en los síntomas del síndrome del intestino irritable. Método: Se utilizó TENS en la región abdominal durante 15 minutos. Los ultrasonidos se utilizaron durante 3 minutos en cada región abdominal, sumando 12 minutos en total. El tratamiento se llevó a cabo durante un mes, con 9 sesiones. Se utilizaron la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) y el Cuestionario de Enfermedad Inflamatoria Intestinal (IBDQ). Resultados: En los síntomas intestinales hubo una progresión de 5 puntos en el cuestionario IBDQ y en los síntomas emocionales hubo una evolución de 9 puntos, siendo esto, estadísticamente significativo. En la escala VAS, la puntuación media disminuyó de 5,6 a 3,6 al final de la intervención. Conclusión: La intervención fisioterapéutica tuvo efectos positivos y contribuyó a la reducción del dolor y de otros síntomas como: hinchazón abdominal y disminución de la cantidad de deposiciones y esta evolución ayudó a la calidad de vida del voluntario.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Ultrassom/instrumentação , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea/instrumentação , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/terapia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/instrumentação , Abdome , Fezes , Analgesia/instrumentação
17.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 927-948, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399509

RESUMO

Cuidados paliativos são um conjunto de procedimentos ofertados ao paciente por uma equipe multidisciplinar com objetivo de garantir bem-estar, autonomia,conforto e alívio de sintomas decorrentes de doença ou tratamento quando a cura é impossibilitada. O câncer representa uma das doenças que possuem chances de evoluir o paciente ao estágio terminal, momento em que cuidados paliativos são indicados e necessários. Dentro da equipe responsável, o cirurgião-dentista atua na prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento de lesões expressas no sistema estomatognático que se manifestam estimuladas pelo câncer ou pelos tratamentos utilizados. O objetivo desta pesquisa é destacar a função do odontólogo dentro da equipe multidisciplinar paliativista para pacientes oncológicos. Trata-se de uma revisão bibliográfica sistemáticada literatura. Foram feitas buscas nas plataformas Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) e Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) e após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão foram selecionados 14 artigos. A literatura evidencia que alterações orais estão relacionadas com o curso da neoplasia ou seu tratamento; as lesões mais descritas foram: mucosite, xerostomia, candidíase, cárie, periodontite e osteorradionecrose. Isso faz com que o paciente sofra limitações em realizar atividades básicas, alterando negativamente a sua qualidade de vida. A complexidade da manifestação oral pode interromper o tratamento antineoplásico. As medidas de enfrentamento mais empregadas para a saúde bucal do paciente oncológico são a laserterapia, bochechos com clorexidina 0,12%, instrução de higiene oral, uso de anti-inflamatórios, analgésicos e antifúngicos. A atuação do odontólogo na equipe multidisciplinar oncológica paliativista é indispensável para o controle das manifestações orais.


Palliative care comprises a set of procedures offered by a multidisciplinary team to patients who cannot be cured, aiming to restore and ensure well-being, autonomy, independence, comfort and relief from symptoms resulting from illness or treatments. Cancer commonly leads the patient to the terminal stage, and at this stage palliative care is indicated and necessary. Composing the multidisciplinary team, the dentist works in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of injuries that arise in the stomatognathic system, which manifest themselves due to cancer or its treatments. The objective of this research was to highlight the work of the dentist in the multidisciplinary team of palliative care for cancer patients. This is a systematic bibliographic review of the literature, with an integrative character. Study searches were performed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 14 articles were selected. Results showed that oral alterations are completely related to the development of the neoplasm or its treatment; the most described lesions were: mucositis, xerostomia, candidiasis, osteoradionecrosis, radiation caries and periodontitis. These injuries make the patient suffer limitations to perform basic activities, such as eating or communicating, negatively altering their quality of life. The complexity of the oral manifestation can determine the interruption of the anticancer treatment. The most used coping measures for the oral healthof cancer patients are: low- potency laser therapy, mouthwash with 0.12% chlorhexidine, instructionin oral hygiene and use of anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antifungal drugs. The role of dentists in the multidisciplinary palliative oncology team is essential for the control of oral lesions.


Los cuidados paliativos son un conjunto de procedimientos ofrecidos al paciente por un equipo multidisciplinar con el objetivo de garantizar el bienestar, la autonomía, el confort y el alivio de los síntomas derivados de la enfermedad o del tratamiento cuando la curación es imposible. El cáncer representa una de las enfermedades que tienen posibilidades de evolucionar al paciente hasta la fase terminal, momento en el que los cuidados paliativos son indicados y necesarios. Dentro del equipo responsable, el cirujano dentista actúa en la prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento de las lesiones expresadas en el sistema estomatognático que se manifiestan estimuladas por el cáncer o por los tratamientos utilizados. El objetivo de esta investigación es destacar la función del odontólogo dentro del equipo paliativo multidisciplinar para pacientes oncológicos. Se trata de una revisión bibliográfica sistemática. Se realizaron búsquedas en las plataformas Virtual Health Library (BVS) y Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) y tras aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, se seleccionaron 14 artículos. La literatura muestra que las alteraciones orales están relacionadas con el curso del cáncer o su tratamiento; las lesiones más comúnmente descritas fueron: mucositis, xerostomía, candidiasis, caries, periodontitis y osteorradionecrosis. Esto hace que el paciente sufra limitaciones para realizar actividades básicas, alterando negativamente su calidad de vida. La complejidad de la manifestación oral puede interrumpir el tratamiento antineoplásico. Las medidas de afrontamiento más utilizadas para la salud bucodental de los pacientes con cáncer son la terapia láser, los enjuagues bucales con clorhexidina al 0,12%, las instrucciones de higiene bucodental y el uso de fármacos antiinflamatorios, analgésicos y antifúngicos. La actuación del odontólogo en el equipo multidisciplinar de oncología paliativa es fundamental para el control de las manifestaciones orales.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos , Odontólogos , Oncologia/instrumentação , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Radioterapia/instrumentação , Estomatite/complicações , Estomatite/diagnóstico , Sistema Estomatognático , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/radioterapia , Medicina Bucal/instrumentação , Tratamento Farmacológico/instrumentação
18.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 901-909, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399503

RESUMO

Com o aumento da população brasileira e consequentemente o número de edêntulos realizando tratamentos reabilitadores com implantes dentários, se tornou frequente aparições de complicações como, por exemplo, sua fratura. O presente trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar as causas prováveis relacionadas a fratura de implante dentário, através de um relato de caso clínico onde pode-se avaliar a condição da fratura apresentada e como foi solucionada. Após a analise do caso clínico, foi constatado que o principal fator que levou a sua fratura foram as sobrecargas oclusais associadas ao mal posicionamento e a qualidade do implante antigo. A partir disso, conclui-se que é de extrema importância o cirurgião dentista estar ciente de todas as possíveis complicações acerca do implante dentário, afim de realizar um bom planejamento cirúrgico diminuindo a taxa de insucesso levando a um bom prognóstico.


With the increase of the Brazilian population and, consequently, the number of edentulous individuals undergoing rehabilitation treatmentes with dental implants, the appearance of complications such as, for example, their fracture has become frequent. The present work aims to presente the probable causes related to dental implant fracture, trough a clinical case report where the condition of the fracture presented and how it was resolved can be evaluated. After analyzing the clinical case, it was found that de main factor that led to its fracture were the occlusal overloads associated with poor positioning and the quality of the old implant. From this , it is concluded that it is extremely important for the dental surgeon to be aware of all possible complications regarding the dental implant, in order to carry out a good surgical planning, reducing the failure rate, leading to a good prognosis.


Con el aumento de la población brasileña y, en consecuencia, del número de personas edéntulas que se someten a tratamientos de rehabilitación con implantes dentales, las complicaciones, como las fracturas, se han vuelto comunes. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar las probables causas relacionadas con la fractura de implantes dentales, a través del reporte de un caso clínico, donde se puede evaluar la condición de la fractura presentada y la forma en que fue resuelta. Tras analizar el caso clínico, se comprobó que el principal factor que condujo a la fractura fue la sobrecarga oclusal asociada a una mala colocación y a la calidad del implante antiguo. Esto lleva a la conclusión de que es muy importante que el cirujano dental conozca todas las posibles complicaciones de los implantes dentales, para realizar una buena planificación quirúrgica, reduciendo así la tasa de fracasos y consiguiendo un buen pronóstico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próteses e Implantes , Implantes Dentários , Causalidade , Bruxismo/complicações , Diagnóstico Clínico/educação , Osseointegração , Torque , Implantação Dentária Endóssea/instrumentação , Odontólogos/educação , Fraturas Ósseas
19.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 892-900, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399500

RESUMO

As Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PICs) apresentam-se como métodos coadjuvantes, auxiliando na obtenção de sucesso em determinados tratamentos clínicos e/ou cirúrgicos, atuando na prevenção, auxiliando na cura e no equilíbrio psicossomático com a finalidade de reestabelecer concordância entre mente e corpo. O Conselho Federal de Odontologia (CFO) regulamentou práticas como acupuntura, hipnose, terapia floral e fitoterapia, entretanto, suas aplicabilidades dependem da emissão de uma habilitação e seu devido registro no Conselho (Resolução CFO 82/2008). Para a Odontologia, as PICs proporcionam novas ferramentas para exercer um atendimento integral do ser humano. Neste trabalho, propõe-se fazer uma revisão de literatura sobre as PICs e Odontologia. Esta revisão de literatura foi realizada por meio de busca de artigos na base de dados Scielo, PubMed e Scholar Google no período de 2000 a 2021. Foram encontrados artigos sobre as seguintes PICs atuando conjuntamente com a Odontologia: terapias florais, acupuntura, hipnodontia, ozonioterapia, laserterapia, fitoterapia, homeopatia e odontologia antroposófica. Essas práticas apresentam grande valia, pois promovem o bem-estar sem causar dano ao indivíduo, apresentando poucos ou nenhum efeito colateral possibilitando maior segurança aos pacientes, além de favorecer a relação entre paciente e cirurgião-dentista, otimizando o tempo de trabalho no consultório odontológico e reduzindo custos.


Integrative and Complementary Practices (PICs) are presented as supporting methods, helping to achieve success in certain clinical and/or surgical treatments, acting in prevention, assisting in healing and psychosomatic balance in order to reestablish agreement between mind and body. . The Federal Council of Dentistry (CFO) has regulated practices such as acupuncture, hypnosis, floral therapy and herbal medicine, however, their applicability depends on the issuance of a license and its proper registration with the Council (Resolution CFO 82/2008). For Dentistry, PICs provide new tools to provide comprehensive care to human beings. In this work, we propose to review the literature on PICs and Dentistry. This literature review was carried out by searching articles in the Scielo, PubMed and Scholar Google databases from 2000 to 2021. Articles were found on the following PICs working together with Dentistry: floral therapies, acupuncture, hypnodontics, ozone therapy , laser therapy, phytotherapy, homeopathy and anthroposophic dentistry. These practices are of great value, as they promote well-being without causing harm to the individual, presenting few or no side effects, allowing greater safety for patients, in addition to favoring the relationship between patient and dentist, optimizing working time in the dental office and reducing costs.


Las Prácticas Integrativas y Complementarias (PIC) se presentan como métodos coadyuvantes, ayudando a obtener el éxito en determinados tratamientos clínicos y/o quirúrgicos, actuando en la prevención, ayudando en la cura y en el equilibrio psicosomático con el fin de restablecer la concordancia entre mente y cuerpo. El Consejo Federal de Odontología (CFO) ha regulado prácticas como la acupuntura, la hipnosis, la terapia floral y la fitoterapia, sin embargo, su aplicabilidad depende de la emisión de un título y su correcto registro en el Consejo (Resolución CFO 82/2008). Para la odontología, los PIC aportan nuevas herramientas para la atención integral del ser humano. En este trabajo, nos proponemos hacer una revisión bibliográfica sobre los PIC y la Odontología. Esta revisión bibliográfica se realizó mediante la búsqueda de artículos en las bases de datos Scielo, PubMed y Scholar Google desde el año 2000 hasta el 2021. Se encontraron artículos sobre los siguientes CFP que actúan conjuntamente con la Odontología: terapias florales, acupuntura, hipnodoncia, ozonoterapia, terapia láser, fitoterapia, homeopatía y odontología antroposófica. Estas prácticas tienen un gran valor porque promueven el bienestar sin causar daño al individuo, presentando pocos o ningún efecto secundario, proporcionando mayor seguridad a los pacientes, y favoreciendo la relación entre el paciente y el dentista, optimizando el tiempo de trabajo en el consultorio y reduciendo los costos.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Odontologia/métodos , Odontólogos/educação , Medicina Antroposófica/história , Ansiedade/terapia , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/instrumentação , Cura em Homeopatia , Terapia a Laser/instrumentação , Ozonioterapia , Terapia Floral , Hipnose/instrumentação , Fitoterapia/instrumentação
20.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 643-656, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399314

RESUMO

O Diabetes Mellitus (DM) é uma doença crônica, que tem elevada prevalência na sociedade e representa um problema de saúde pública devido à natureza de suas complicações, acredita-se que a dificuldade na manutenção do tratamento, pode estar relacionada a deficiência ou falta de adesão. O estudo teve como objetivo relatar à adesão ao tratamento do Diabetes Mellitus na Atenção Primária a Saúde. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, realizado com 30 pacientes diabéticos de uma Unidade de Atenção Primária à Saúde de Guaiúba-CE, no período de agosto a outubro de 2021. A coleta de dados deu-se por entrevista semiestruturada utilizando questões norteadoras sobre adesão ao tratamento, adoção de práticas promotoras de saúde e posteriormente sujeita a análise de conteúdo. Observou-se que a adesão ao tratamento do diabetes envolve inúmeros desafios, relacionados principalmente ao usuário e sistemas de saúde/profissionais. Os maiores desafios encontrados foram em relação a supervalorização do tratamento medicamentoso frente a adoção de hábitos saudáveis e de ações promotoras de autocuidado. Nesse cenário, nota-se a importância de conhecer os fatores que influenciam na adesão ao tratamento com o intuito de se lançar estratégias para aperfeiçoar o planejamento de ações e intervenções a esses pacientes.


Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that is highly prevalent in society and represents a public health problem due to the nature of its complications. The study aimed to report on the adherence to treatment of Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Health Care. This is a descriptive study, with a qualitative approach, conducted with 30 diabetic patients from a Primary Health Care Unit in Guaiúba-CE, in the period from August to October 2021. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews using guiding questions about adherence to treatment, adoption of health-promoting practices and later subjected to content analysis. It was observed that diabetes treatment adherence involves numerous challenges, mainly related to the user and health systems/professionals. The biggest challenges found were related to the overvaluation of drug treatment against the adoption of healthy habits and self-care promoting actions. In this scenario, it is important to know the factors that influence treatment adherence in order to develop strategies to improve the planning of actions and interventions for these patients.


La diabetes mellitus (DM) es una enfermedad crónica, que tiene una alta prevalencia en la sociedad y representa un problema de salud pública debido a la naturaleza de sus complicaciones, se cree que la dificultad para mantener el tratamiento puede estar relacionada con la deficiencia o falta de adherencia. El estudio tenía como objetivo informar sobre la adherencia al tratamiento de la Diabetes Mellitus en Atención Primaria. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con enfoque cualitativo, realizado con 30 pacientes diabéticos de una Unidad de Atención Primaria de Salud de Guaiúba-CE, en el período de agosto a octubre de 2021. La recogida de datos se llevó a cabo mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas en las que se utilizaron preguntas orientativas sobre la adherencia al tratamiento y la adopción de prácticas de promoción de la salud, y posteriormente se sometieron a un análisis de contenido. Se ha observado que el acceso al tratamiento de la diabetes conlleva numerosos desafíos, relacionados principalmente con el usuario y los sistemas de salud/profesionales. Los mayores retos encontrados estaban relacionados con la sobrevaloración del tratamiento farmacológico frente a la adopción de hábitos saludables y acciones de promoción del autocuidado. En este escenario, se constata la importancia de conocer los factores que influyen en la adherencia al tratamiento para poner en marcha estrategias que mejoren la planificación de las acciones e intervenciones para estos pacientes.


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pacientes , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Autocuidado/instrumentação , Sistema Único de Saúde , Preparações Farmacêuticas/análise , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Saúde Pública , Doença Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Tratamento Farmacológico , Dieta Saudável , Promoção da Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos
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