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1.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 48(4): 200-210, abr. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231955

RESUMO

Objective To explore combined non-invasive-respiratory-support (NIRS) patterns, reasons for NIRS switching, and their potential impact on clinical outcomes in acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure (AHRF) patients. Design Retrospective, single-center observational study. Setting Intensive Care Medicine. Patients AHRF patients (cardiac origin and respiratory acidosis excluded) underwent combined NIRS therapies such as non-invasive-ventilation (NIV) and High-Flow-Nasal-Cannula (HFNC). Interventions Patients were classified based on the first NIRS switch performed (HFNC-to-NIV or NIV-to-HFNC), and further specific NIRS switching strategies (NIV trial-like vs. Non-NIV trial-like and single vs. multiples switches) were independently evaluated. Main variables of interest Reasons for switching, NIRS failure and mortality rates. Results A total of 63 patients with AHRF were included, receiving combined NIRS, 58.7% classified in the HFNC-to-NIV group and 41.3% in the NIV-to-HFNC group. Reason for switching from HFNC to NIV was AHRF worsening (100%), while from NIV to HFNC was respiratory improvement (76.9%). NIRS failure rates were higher in the HFNC-to-NIV than in NIV-to-HFNC group (81% vs. 35%, p < 0.001). Among HFNC-to-NIV patients, there was no difference in the failure rate between the NIV trial-like and non-NIV trial-like groups (86% vs. 78%, p = 0.575) but the mortality rate was significantly lower in NIV trial-like group (14% vs. 52%, p = 0.02). Among NIV to HFNC patients, NIV failure was lower in the single switch group compared to the multiple switches group (15% vs. 53%, p = 0.039), with a shorter length of stay (5 [2–8] vs. 12 [8–30] days, p = 0.001). Conclusions NIRS combination is used in real life and both switches’ strategies, HFNC to NIV and NIV to HFNC, are common in AHRF management. Transitioning from HFNC to NIV is suggested as a therapeutic escalation and in this context performance of a NIV-trial could be beneficial. ... (AU)


Objetivo Explorar los patrones combinados de soporte-respiratorio-no-invasivo (SRNI), las razones para cambiar de SRNI y su potencial impacto en los resultados clínicos en pacientes con insuficiencia-respiratoria-aguda-hipoxémica (IRAH). Diseño Estudio observacional retrospectivo unicéntrico. Ámbito Cuidados Intensivos. Pacientes Pacientes con IRAH (excluyendo causa cardíaca y acidosis respiratoria) que recibieron tanto ventilación-no-invasiva (VNI) como cánula-nasal-de-alto-flujo (CNAF). Intervenciones Se categorizó a los pacientes según el primer cambio de SRNI realizado (CNAF-to-VNI o VNI-to-CNAF) y se evaluaron estrategias específicas de SRNI (VNI trial-like vs. Non-VNI trial-like y cambio único vs. múltiples cambios de NIRS) de manera independiente. Variables de interés principales Razones para el cambio, así como las tasas de fracaso de SRNI y la mortalidad. Resultados Un total de 63 pacientes recibieron SRNI combinado, 58,7% clasificados en el grupo CNAF-to-VNI y 41,3% en el grupo VNI-to-CNAF. Los cambios de CNAF a VNI ocurrieron por empeoramiento de la IRHA (100%) y de VNI a CNAF por mejora respiratoria (76.9%). Las tasas de fracaso de SRNI fueron mayores de CNAF a VNI que de VNI a CNAF (81% vs. 35%, p < 0.001). Dentro de los pacientes de CNAF a VNI, no hubo diferencia en las tasas de fracaso entre los grupos VNI trial-like y no-VNI trial-like (86% vs. 78%, p = 0.575), pero la mortalidad fue menor en el grupo VNI trial-like (14% vs. 52%, p = 0.02). Dentro de los pacientes de VNI a CNAF, el fracaso de VNI fue menor en grupo de cambio único vs. múltiple (15% vs. 53%, p = 0.039). Conclusiones Los cambios de estrategia de SRNI son comunes en el manejo clínico diario de la IRHA. El cambio de CNAF a VNI impresiona de ser una escalada terapéutica y en este contexto la realización de un VNI-trial puede ser beneficioso. Al contrario, cambiar de VNI a CNAF impresiona de ser una desescalada terapéutica y parece segura si no hay fracaso ... (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Dispositivos de Proteção Respiratória , Mecânica Respiratória , Suporte Ventilatório Interativo , Tratamento Conservador/instrumentação , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pneumonia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido
2.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 48(4): 211-219, abr. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231956

RESUMO

Objetivo Evaluar la eficacia del protocolo Start to move comparado con el tratamiento convencional en sujetos mayores de 15 años hospitalizados en la UCI sobre una mejoría en funcionalidad, disminución de debilidad adquirida en la UCI (DA-UCI), incidencia de delirio, días de ventilación mecánica (VM), estadía en la UCI y mortalidad a los 28 días. Diseño Ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado. Ámbito Unidad de paciente crítico. Participantes Incluye adultos mayores a 15 años con VMI mayor a 48h, asignación aleatoria. Intervenciones Protocolo «Start to move» y tratamiento convencional. Variables de interés principales Se analizó funcionalidad, incidencia DA-UCI, incidencia delirio, días VM, estadía UCI y mortalidad-28 días, ClinicalTrials.gov número, NCT05053724. Resultados Sesenta y nueve sujetos fueron ingresados al estudio, 33 al grupo Start to move y 36 a tratamiento convencional, comparables clínico y sociodemograficamente. En el grupo Start to move la incidencia DAUCI al egreso de la UCI fue de 35,7 vs. 80,7% grupo tratamiento convencional (p=0,001). La funcionalidad (FSS-ICU) al egreso de la UCI corresponde a 26 vs. 17 puntos a favor del grupo Start to move (p=0,001). La diferencia en Barthel al egreso de la UCI fue del 20% a favor del grupo Start to move (p=0,006). No hubo diferencias significativas en incidencia de delirio, días de VM, estadía UCI y mortalidad-28 días. El estudio no reportó eventos adversos, ni suspensión de protocolo. Conclusiones La aplicación del protocolo Start to move en la UCI se asoció reducción en la incidencia DA-UCI, aumento en funcionalidad y menor caída en puntaje Barthel al egreso. (AU)


Objective To evaluate the efficacy of the Start to move protocol compared to conventional treatment in subjects over 15 years of age hospitalized in the ICU on an improvement in functionality, decrease in ICU-acquired weakness (IUCD), incidence of delirium, days of mechanical ventilation (MV), length of stay in ICU and mortality at 28 days. Design Randomized controlled clinical trial. Setting Intensive care unit. Participants Includes adults older than 15 years with invasive mechanical ventilation more than 48h, randomized allocation. Interventions Start to move protocol and conventional treatment. Main variables of interest Functionality, incidence of ICU-acquired weakness, incidence of delirium, days on mechanical ventilation, ICU stay and mortality-28 days, ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT05053724. Results Sixty-nine subjects were admitted to the study, 33 to the Start to move group and 36 to conventional treatment, clinically and sociodemographic comparable. In the “Start to move” group, the incidence of IUCD at ICU discharge was 35.7% vs. 80.7% in the “conventional treatment” group (P=.001). Functionality (FSS-ICU) at ICU discharge corresponds to 26 vs. 17 points in favor of the “Start to move” group (P=.001). The difference in Barthel at ICU discharge was 20% in favor of the “Start to move” group (P=.006). There were no significant differences in the incidence of delirium, days of mechanical ventilation, ICU stay and 28-day mortality. The study did not report adverse events or protocol suspension. Conclusions The application of the “Start to move” protocol in ICU showed a reduction in the incidence of IUCD, an increase in functionality and a smaller decrease in Barthel score at discharge. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Deambulação Precoce/métodos , Mecânica Respiratória , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/instrumentação , Debilidade Muscular/terapia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia
3.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 48(4): 220-230, abr. 2024. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231957

RESUMO

Echocardiography enables the intensivist to assess the patient with circulatory failure. It allows the clinician to identify rapidly the type and the cause of shock in order to develop an effective management strategy. Important characteristics in the setting of shock are that it is non-invasive and can be rapidly applied. Early and repeated echocardiography is a valuable tool for the management of shock in the intensive care unit. Competency in basic critical care echocardiography is now regarded as a mandatory part of critical care training with clear guidelines available. The majority of pathologies found in shocked patients are readily identified using basic level 2D and M-mode echocardiography. The four core types of shock (cardiogenic, hypovolemic, obstructive, and septic) can readily be identified by echocardiography. Echocardiography can differentiate the different pathologies that may be the cause of each type of shock. More importantly, as a result of more complex and elderly patients, the shock may be multifactorial, such as a combination of cardiogenic and septic shock, which emphasises on the added value of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in such population of patients. In this review we aimed to provide to clinicians a bedside strategy of the use of TTE parameters to manage patients with shock. In the first part of this overview, we detailed the different TTE parameters and how to use them to identify the type of shock. And in the second part, we focused on the use of these parameters to evaluate the effect of treatments, in different types of shock. (AU)


La ecocardiografía permite al intensivista valorar al paciente con fallo circulatorio agudo. Esta técnica ayuda a identificar, rápidamente y de una manera no invasiva, el tipo y la causa del shock para instaurar una estrategia terapéutica. La realización de exámenes ecocardiográficos precoces y repetidos es una valiosa herramienta para el manejo del shock en la unidad de cuidados intensivos. La mayoría de patologías responsables del shock pueden ser identificadas con un nivel básico de ecocardiografía en 2D y modo M. En la actualidad, las competencias en ecocardiografía básica se consideran mandatorias en la formación de los profesionales de Medicina Intensiva. Los cuatro tipos básicos de shock (cardiogénico, hipovolémico, obstructivo y séptico) pueden ser adecuadamente identificados con la ecocardiografía. Además, la ecografía puede diferenciar las diferentes patologías que pueden ser la causa de cada uno de los tipos de shock. Es importante señalar que, dada la complejidad y la edad avanzada de muchos pacientes críticos, el shock puede ser multifactorial (p.ej.: combinación de shock séptico y cardiogénico), lo que enfatiza el valor añadido de la ecocardiografía transtorácica (ETT) en esta población de pacientes. En esta revisión, queremos proporcionar a los clínicos una estrategia, a pie de cama, del uso de los parámetros obtenidos con la ETT para manejo de los pacientes en shock. En la primera parte de este artículo, se detallan los diferentes parámetros ecocardiográficos y cómo pueden utilizarse para identificar los tipos de shock. En la segunda parte, se expone el uso de estos parámetros para evaluar el efecto de los tratamientos en los diferentes tipos de shock. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Ecocardiografia/história , Ecocardiografia/instrumentação , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Ecocardiografia/tendências , Ecocardiografia Doppler/instrumentação , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Ecocardiografia Doppler/tendências
4.
Nature ; 628(8006): 47-56, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570716

RESUMO

Most life scientists would agree that understanding how cellular processes work requires structural knowledge about the macromolecules involved. For example, deciphering the double-helical nature of DNA revealed essential aspects of how genetic information is stored, copied and repaired. Yet, being reductionist in nature, structural biology requires the purification of large amounts of macromolecules, often trimmed off larger functional units. The advent of cryogenic electron microscopy (cryo-EM) greatly facilitated the study of large, functional complexes and generally of samples that are hard to express, purify and/or crystallize. Nevertheless, cryo-EM still requires purification and thus visualization outside of the natural context in which macromolecules operate and coexist. Conversely, cell biologists have been imaging cells using a number of fast-evolving techniques that keep expanding their spatial and temporal reach, but always far from the resolution at which chemistry can be understood. Thus, structural and cell biology provide complementary, yet unconnected visions of the inner workings of cells. Here we discuss how the interplay between cryo-EM and cryo-electron tomography, as a connecting bridge to visualize macromolecules in situ, holds great promise to create comprehensive structural depictions of macromolecules as they interact in complex mixtures or, ultimately, inside the cell itself.


Assuntos
Biologia Celular , Células , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Tomografia com Microscopia Eletrônica , Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Microscopia Crioeletrônica/tendências , Tomografia com Microscopia Eletrônica/métodos , Tomografia com Microscopia Eletrônica/tendências , Substâncias Macromoleculares/análise , Substâncias Macromoleculares/química , Substâncias Macromoleculares/metabolismo , Substâncias Macromoleculares/ultraestrutura , Biologia Celular/instrumentação , Células/química , Células/citologia , Células/metabolismo , Células/ultraestrutura , Humanos
14.
Int Wound J ; 21(4): e14800, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546145

RESUMO

Peritoneal dialysis(PD) is one of the most efficient methods in end-stage kidney disease, and it is very important for PD to perform well. No research has been conducted to evaluate the effect of various types of PD catheters on the prognosis of post-operative wound complications. While recent meta-analyses are in favour of straight tubing, there is still uncertainty as to whether direct or coiled PD is beneficial. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the efficacy of direct and coiled PD catheters on the incidence of post-operative wound infection, bleeding and peritonitis. A comprehensive search was carried out on three databases, including PubMed and Embase, and a manual search was carried out on the links in the paper. The results showed that the incidence rate of bleeding after operation and the degree of infection among the straight and coiled pipes were compared. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in the incidence of post-operative wound infection among straight PD patients with coiled PD (OR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.58-1.08 p = 0.13). No statistical significance was found in the case of PD with coiled tubing compared with that of straight PD group in wound leakage (OR, 1.17; 95% CI, 0.71-1.93 p = 0.55). No statistically significantly different rates of post-operative peritonitis were observed for coiled tubing compared with straight ones in PD patients (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.78-1.45 p = 0.7). There is no statistical significance on the rate of wound infection, wound leakage and peritonitis among coiled and straight tube in PD.


Assuntos
Diálise Peritoneal , Peritonite , Humanos , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia , Diálise Peritoneal/instrumentação , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Peritonite/epidemiologia , Peritonite/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia
16.
Radiología (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 66(1): 2-12, Ene-Feb, 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229641

RESUMO

Objetivos: Valorar la relación entre el score de calcio coronario y la elección posterior del kilovoltaje según el criterio del radiólogo en un protocolo estándar (PE) de angio-TC coronaria (aTCC) para descartar enfermedad coronaria. Cuantificar la reducción de la radiación ionizante después de vincular el kilovoltaje al índice de masa corporal en un protocolo de baja dosis (PBD) con reconstrucción iterativa de modelado. Valorar la calidad de imagen y el rendimiento diagnóstico del PBD. Material y método: Las características antropométricas, el score de calcio, los niveles de kilovoltaje y los valores de dosis estimada específica para el tamaño (SSDE) y del producto dosis-longitud fueron comparados entre un grupo de 50 pacientes con PBD reclutados prospectivamente y una cohorte histórica adquirida con el PE. Estos parámetros, el número de segmentos coronarios no valorables sin y con tolerancia de fase, la atenuación y la relación señal-ruido en la aorta ascendente en el PBD fueron correlacionados con una calidad de imagen de nivel excelente según una escala semicuantitativa. El rendimiento diagnóstico por paciente fue calculado usando la revaloración clínica a los 24 meses como el método diagnóstico de referencia, incluyendo las pruebas derivadas. Resultados: En el PE existía una relación entre la presencia de calcio coronario y la elección de kilovoltajes altos (p=0,02), que desaparecía en el PBD (p=0,47). Los valores de SSDE y de DLP en el PBD fueron significativamente inferiores y presentaron menor dispersión que en el PE (9,22 mGy [RIQ 7,84-12,1 mGy] y 97 mGy*cm [RIQ 78-134 mGy*cm] contra 26,5 mGy [RIQ 21,3-36,3 mGy] y 253 mGy*cm [RIQ 216-404 mGy*cm]; p <0,001 para las comparaciones de las medianas y de las dispersiones entre ambos grupos)...(AU)


Objectives: To evaluate the relation between the coronary calcium score and the posterior choice of kilovoltage according to radiologists’ criteria in a standard coronary CT angiography protocol to rule out coronary disease. To quantify the reduction in ionizing radiation after linking kilovoltage to patients’ body mass index in a low-dose protocol with iterative model reconstruction. To evaluate the image quality and diagnostic performance of the low-dose protocol. Material and methods: We compared anthropometric characteristics, calcium score, kilovoltage levels, size-specific dose estimates (SSDE), and the dose-length product (DLP) between a group of 50 patients who were prospectively recruited to undergo coronary CT angiography with a low-dose protocol and a historical group of 50 patients who underwent coronary CT angiography with the standard protocol. We correlated these parameters, the number of coronary segments that could not be evaluated with and without temporal padding, the attenuation, and the signal-to-noise ratio in the ascending aorta in the low-dose protocol with excellent imaging quality according to a semiquantitative scale. To calculate the diagnostic performance per patient, we used 24-month clinical follow-up including all tests as the gold standard. Results: In the standard protocol, the presence of coronary calcium correlated with the selection of high kilovoltage (P=0.02); this correlation was not found in the low-dose protocol (P=0.47). Median values of SSDE and DLP were significantly (P<0.001) lower and less dispersed in the low-dose protocol [9.22 mGy (IQR 7.84-12.1 mGy) vs. 26.5 mGy (IQR 21.3-36.3 mGy) in the standard protocol] and [97mGy*cm (IQR 78-134mGy*cm) vs. 253mGy*cm (IQR 216-404mGy*cm) in the standard protocol], respectively...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Protocolos Clínicos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Antropometria , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Exposição à Radiação , Radiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Radiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/instrumentação , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Manual de Segurança Radiológica
17.
Rev. esp. quimioter ; 37(1): 52-57, Feb. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-230422

RESUMO

Introducción: El urocultivo como gold standard para diagnóstico de infección del tracto urinario (ITU) supone una carga de trabajo considerable en los Servicios de Microbiología Clínica, debido al elevado número de muestras recibidas que finalmente serán negativas. Por ello, utilizar sistemas de cribado que además reduzcan el tiempo de respuesta del diagnóstico de ITU es necesario. El nuevo citómetro de flujo UF-5000 (Sysmex Corporation) es capaz de diferenciar entre bacterias gramnegativas y grampositivas mediante el parámetro BACT-info según el fabricante. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue evaluar la capacidad de discriminación gram del citómetro UF-5000. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo de 449 orinas recogidas de forma consecutiva, en el período 7/3/2022-27/5/2022, en las que se comparó el flag BACT-info con el urocultivo como método de referencia. Resultados: La sensibilidad obtenida tanto para bacterias gramnegativas como positivas fue superior al 95%. Sin embargo, en el caso de bacterias grampositivas, el índice Kappa moderado (0,49) y el valor predictivo positivo bajo (37,1%) indicó que la correlación entre el flag BACT-info y el urocultivo no era aceptable, por lo que no sería recomendable informarlo al clínico peticionario. Conclusión: El uso del citómetro UF-5000 supone un adelanto en la orientación etiológica de las ITUs causadas por bacterias gramnegativas. Informar la morfología gram en la muestra de orina reduce el tiempo de respuesta en el diagnóstico microbiológico de ITU, lo que tendría un impacto en la disminución y optimización del tratamiento empírico, y, por ende, en la generación de resistencias antimicrobianas. (AU)


Introduction. Urine culture as a gold standard for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) involves a considerable workload in Clinical Microbiology Departments, due to the high number of samples received that will ultimately be negative. Therefore, it is necessary to use screening systems that also reduce the turnaround time for UTI diagnosis. The new flow cytometer UF-5000 (Sysmex Corporation) is able to differentiate between Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria using the BACT-info parameter according to manufacturer. The aim of our study was to evaluate the gram discrimination ability of the UF-5000 cytometer. Methods. A prospective study with 449 urine samples collected consecutively was conducted, in the period 7/3/2022- 27/5/2022, in which the BACT-info flag was compared with urine culture as the reference method. Results. The sensitivity obtained for both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria was above 95%. However, for Gram-positive bacteria, the moderate Kappa index (0.49) and the low positive predictive value (37.1%) indicated that the correlation between BACT-info flag and urine culture was not acceptable and should not be reported to the requesting clinician. Conclusion. Implementation of the third generation UF5000 cytometer represents a significant advance in the aetiological orientation of UTIs caused by Gram-negative bacteria. Reporting the Gram morphology in the urine samples reduces the response time in the microbiological diagnosis of UTI, which would have an impact on the reduction and optimisation of empirical treatment, and thus on the generation of antimicrobial resistance. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Urinálise/instrumentação , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2927, 2024 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316908

RESUMO

Gemigliptin-Rosuvastatin single-pill combination is a promising therapeutic tool in the effective control of hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia. Organic sensors with high quantum yields have profoundly significant applications in the pharmaceutical industry, such as routine quality control of marketed formulations. Herein, the fluorescence sensor, 2-Morpholino-4,6-dimethyl nicotinonitrile 3, (λex; 226 nm, λem; 406 nm), was synthesized with a fluorescence quantum yield of 56.86% and fully characterized in our laboratory. This sensor showed high efficiency for the determination of Gemigliptin (GEM) and Rosuvastatin (RSV) traces through their stoichiometric interactions and simultaneously fractionated by selective solvation. The interaction between the stated analytes and sensor 3 was a quenching effect. Various experimental parameters and the turn-off mechanism were addressed. The adopted approach fulfilled the ICH validation criteria and showed linear satisfactory ranges, 0.2-2 and 0.1-1 µg/mL for GEM and RSV, respectively with nano-limits of detection less than 30 ng/mL for both analytes. The synthesized sensor has been successfully applied for GEM and RSV co-assessment in their synthetic polypill with excellent % recoveries of 98.83 ± 0.86 and 100.19 ± 0.64, respectively. No statistically significant difference between the results of the proposed and reported spectrophotometric methods in terms of the F- and t-tests. Ecological and whiteness appraisals of the proposed study were conducted via three novel approaches: the Greenness Index via Spider Diagram, the Analytical Greenness Metric, and the Red-Green-Blue 12 model. The aforementioned metrics proved the superiority of the adopted approach over the previously published one regarding eco-friendliness and sustainability. Our devised fluorimetric turn-off sensing method showed high sensitivity, selectivity, feasibility, and rapidity with minimal cost and environmental burden over other sophisticated techniques, making it reliable in quality control labs.


Assuntos
Piperidonas , Pirimidinas , Controle de Qualidade , Rosuvastatina Cálcica , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Tecnologia Farmacêutica , Laboratórios , Combinação de Medicamentos , Indústria Farmacêutica/instrumentação , Indústria Farmacêutica/métodos , Indústria Farmacêutica/normas , Composição de Medicamentos/instrumentação , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Composição de Medicamentos/normas , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/instrumentação , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/métodos , Tecnologia Farmacêutica/normas , Cor , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/instrumentação , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/normas , Formas de Dosagem
19.
J Med Internet Res ; 26: e50012, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the advent of a new era for health and medical treatment, characterized by the integration of mobile technology, a significant digital divide has surfaced, particularly in the engagement of older individuals with mobile health (mHealth). The health of a family is intricately connected to the well-being of its members, and the use of media plays a crucial role in facilitating mHealth care. Therefore, it is important to examine the mediating role of media use behavior in the connection between the family health of older individuals and their inclination to use mHealth devices. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the impact of family health and media use behavior on the intention of older individuals to use mHealth devices in China. The study aims to delve into the intricate dynamics to determine whether media use behavior serves as a mediator in the relationship between family health and the intention to use mHealth devices among older adults. The ultimate goal is to offer well-founded and practical recommendations to assist older individuals in overcoming the digital divide. METHODS: The study used data from 3712 individuals aged 60 and above, sourced from the 2022 Psychology and Behavior Investigation of Chinese Residents study. Linear regression models were used to assess the relationships between family health, media use behavior, and the intention to use mHealth devices. To investigate the mediating role of media use behavior, we used the Sobel-Goodman Mediation Test. This analysis focused on the connection between 4 dimensions of family health and the intention to use mHealth devices. RESULTS: A positive correlation was observed among family health, media use behavior, and the intention to use mHealth devices (r=0.077-0.178, P<.001). Notably, media use behavior was identified as a partial mediator in the relationship between the overall score of family health and the intention to use mHealth devices, as indicated by the Sobel test (z=5.451, P<.001). Subgroup analysis further indicated that a complete mediating effect was observed specifically between family health resources and the intention to use mHealth devices in older individuals with varying education levels. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed the significance of family health and media use behavior in motivating older adults to adopt mHealth devices. Media use behavior was identified as a mediator in the connection between family health and the intention to use mHealth devices, with more intricate dynamics observed among older adults with lower education levels. Going forward, the critical role of home health resources must be maximized, such as initiatives to develop digital education tailored for older adults and the creation of media products specifically designed for them. These measures aim to alleviate technological challenges associated with using media devices among older adults, ultimately bolstering their inclination to adopt mHealth devices.


Assuntos
Povo Asiático , Saúde da Família , Intenção , Telemedicina , Idoso , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Telemedicina/instrumentação , Telemedicina/métodos
20.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 14(2)2024 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392023

RESUMO

The design of a porous silicon (PSi) biosensor is not often documented, but is of the upmost importance to optimize its performance. In this work, the motivation behind the design choices of a PSi-based optical biosensor for the indirect detection of bacteria via their lysis is detailed. The transducer, based on a PSi membrane, was characterized and models were built to simulate the analyte diffusion, depending on the porous nanostructures, and to optimize the optical properties. Once all performances and properties were analyzed and optimized, a theoretical response was calculated. The theoretical limit of detection was computed as 104 CFU/mL, based on the noise levels of the optical setup. The experimental response was measured using 106 CFU/mL of Bacillus cereus as model strain, lysed by bacteriophage-coded endolysins PlyB221. The obtained signal matched the expected response, demonstrating the validity of our design and models.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Silício , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Porosidade , Silício/química
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