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Int Wound J ; 21(3): e14657, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472128


To explore the effect of clinical nursing pathway on wound infection in patients undergoing knee or hip replacement surgery. Computerised searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, Wanfang, China Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were conducted, from database inception to September 2023, on the randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of application of clinical nursing pathway to patients undergoing knee and hip arthroplasty. Literature was screened and evaluated by two researchers based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and data were extracted from the final included literature. RevMan 5.4 software was employed for data analysis. Overall, 48 RCTs involving 4139 surgical patients were included, including 2072 and 2067 in the clinical nursing pathway and routine nursing groups, respectively. The results revealed, compared with routine nursing, the use of clinical nursing pathways was effective in reducing the rate of complications (OR = 0.17, 95%CI: 0.14-0.21, p < 0.001) and wound infections (OR = 0.29, 95%CI: 0.16-0.51, p < 0.001), shortens the hospital length of stay (MD = -4.11, 95%CI: -5.40 to -2.83, p < 0.001) and improves wound pain (MD = -1.34, 95%CI: -1.98 to -0.70, p < 0.001); it also improve patient satisfaction (OR = 7.13, 95%CI: 4.69-10.85, p < 0.001). The implementation of clinical nursing pathways in clinical care after knee or hip arthroplasty can effectively reduce the incidence of complications and wound infections, and also improve the wound pain, while also improving treatment satisfaction so that patients can be discharged from the hospital as soon as possible.

Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/enfermagem , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/enfermagem , Dor/complicações , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/enfermagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Int Wound J ; 21(3): e14676, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439163


To evaluate the effect of predictive nursing interventions on pressure ulcers in elderly bedridden patients by meta-analysis. Applied computer searches of PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang databases for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of predictive nursing in preventing pressure ulcers in elderly bedridden patients from the database inception to November 2023. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted data and performed quality assessment based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Stata 17.0 software was utilised for data analysis. Eighteen RCTs involving 6504 patients were finally included. The analysis revealed the implementation of predictive nursing interventions had a significant advantage in reducing the incidence of pressure ulcers in elderly bedridden patients compared with conventional nursing (odds ratio [OR] = 0.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.15-0.28, p < 0.001), while the patients' satisfaction with nursing care was higher (OR = 3.70, 95% CI: 2.99-4.57, p < 0.001). This study shows that the implementation of a predictive nursing interventions for elderly bedridden patients can effectively reduce the occurrence of pressure ulcers and significantly improve patients' satisfaction with nursing care, which is worthy of clinical promotion and application.

Pessoas Acamadas , Lesão por Pressão , Idoso , Humanos , China , Análise de Dados , Bases de Dados Factuais , Lesão por Pressão/enfermagem , Lesão por Pressão/terapia
Int Wound J ; 21(3): e14717, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439182


This meta-analysis aimed to explore the effects of quality nursing intervention on wound healing in patients with burns. A computerised search was conducted for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of quality nursing intervention on wound healing in patients with burns in the PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wanfang databases from the date of database inception to November 2023. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted data and performed quality assessment based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Stata 17.0 software was used for the data analysis. Twenty-nine RCTs involving 2637 patients with burns were included. The meta-analysis revealed that compared with conventional nursing, the implementation of quality nursing intervention in patients with burns significantly shortened the wound healing time (standardised mean difference [SMD] = -2.93, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -3.44 to -2.42, p < 0.001). The incidence of wound infections (odds ratio [OR] = 0.14, 95% CI: 0.07-0.27, p < 0.001) and complications (OR = 0.16, 95% CI: 0.11-0.23, p < 0.001) was also reduced significantly. This meta-analysis shows that applying quality nursing interventions in patients with burns can significantly shorten the wound healing time and reduce the incidence of wound infection and complications, thus promoting early patient recovery.

Queimaduras , Infecção dos Ferimentos , Humanos , Queimaduras/enfermagem , Queimaduras/terapia , China , Análise de Dados , Cicatrização , Infecção dos Ferimentos/enfermagem , Infecção dos Ferimentos/terapia
Am J Nurs ; 124(3): 14-15, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386824


Nurses are at the front line.

Aborto Legal , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Aborto Legal/enfermagem , Decisões da Suprema Corte
Nurs Open ; 11(1): e2046, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38268294


AIM: To explore the Chinese nurses' current practices and challenges to trauma-informed care (TIC) for accidentally injured patients, which can provide the way forward of improvement in the future. DESIGN: A qualitative study. METHODS: Sixteen Chinese nurses who had experience working with accidentally injured patients were invited into the semi-structured interviews. Following each interview, the dialogue was transcribed verbatim. Subsequently, we analysed the data in accordance with the principles of thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four common themes emerged from the analysis: (a) Awareness of patients' psychological trauma; (b) Recognition of psychological trauma; (c) Response to psychological trauma; (d) Perceived barriers to implementing TIC. This research indicated an urgent need for interventions in the future, such as TIC education and training, time constraints, heavy workload, emotional exhaustion and mood self-regulation, giving policy incentives, strengthening leadership support and internal cooperation. Identifying those factors of TIC practice among accidentally injured patients helps promote TIC development in hospitals.

Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem , Trauma Psicológico , Ferimentos e Lesões , Humanos , Afeto , 60672 , Hospitais , Liderança , População do Leste Asiático , Trauma Psicológico/enfermagem , Ferimentos e Lesões/enfermagem
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 2503, 2024 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291150


Morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients can be increased due to errors that are caused by inadequate knowledge and unsatisfactory practice of intravenous (IV) fluid therapy among healthcare workers. The knowledge and practice of nurses are very critical to IV fluid therapy because they are the cornerstone of a subject. This study assessed nurse's knowledge and practice of IV fluid therapy. A cross-sectional study design was employed at four selected public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data were collected from 112 nurses using a structured questionnaire for knowledge and using an observational checklist for practice. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 26 computer programs. Most respondents (67%) were males; the mean age of respondents was 31.2 ± 4.3. Among participated nurses, 42% (95% CI 32.8, 51.2) and 56.3% (95% CI 47.1, 65.6) had inadequate knowledge and satisfactory practice regarding IV fluid therapy in children, respectively. A significant association was observed between nurses' intravenous fluid therapy knowledge and in-service training that nurses who had training on fluid therapy in children had 4 times adequate knowledge than those who had no training (P = 0.01), an educational qualification that master degree holders had 4.8 times adequate knowledge than first-degree holders (P = 0.04) and training institution that nurse who had taken training in governmental teaching institution had 4 times adequate knowledge than who had taken training in private teaching institution (P = 0.011). No statistically significant association was found between practice level and independent variables regarding IV fluid therapy. Nurses' knowledge of IV fluid therapy was inadequate and practice was relatively satisfactory. Continuous education and training of nurses on IV fluid therapy should be conducted regularly to improve their knowledge and practice. Further research should be employed involving other hospitals and focusing on risk factors for knowledge and practice inadequacy that are not discussed in this study.

Competência Clínica , Hidratação , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Hidratação/enfermagem , Hospitais Públicos , Adulto
JAMA ; 331(3): 212-223, 2024 01 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38227034


Importance: Many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure (HF), and interstitial lung disease (ILD) endure poor quality of life despite conventional therapy. Palliative care approaches may benefit this population prior to end of life. Objective: Determine the effect of a nurse and social worker palliative telecare team on quality of life in outpatients with COPD, HF, or ILD compared with usual care. Design, Setting, and Participants: Single-blind, 2-group, multisite randomized clinical trial with accrual between October 27, 2016, and April 2, 2020, in 2 Veterans Administration health care systems (Colorado and Washington), and including community-based outpatient clinics. Outpatients with COPD, HF, or ILD at high risk of hospitalization or death who reported poor quality of life participated. Intervention: The intervention involved 6 phone calls with a nurse to help with symptom management and 6 phone calls with a social worker to provide psychosocial care. The nurse and social worker met weekly with a study primary care and palliative care physician and as needed, a pulmonologist, and cardiologist. Usual care included an educational handout developed for the study that outlined self-care for COPD, ILD, or HF. Patients in both groups received care at the discretion of their clinicians, which could include care from nurses and social workers, and specialists in cardiology, pulmonology, palliative care, and mental health. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was difference in change in quality of life from baseline to 6 months between the intervention and usual care groups (FACT-G score range, 0-100, with higher scores indicating better quality of life, clinically meaningful change ≥4 points). Secondary quality-of-life outcomes at 6 months included disease-specific health status (Clinical COPD Questionnaire; Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire-12), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-8) and anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7) symptoms. Results: Among 306 randomized patients (mean [SD] age, 68.9 [7.7] years; 276 male [90.2%], 30 female [9.8%]; 245 White [80.1%]), 177 (57.8%) had COPD, 67 (21.9%) HF, 49 (16%) both COPD and HF, and 13 (4.2%) ILD. Baseline FACT-G scores were similar (intervention, 52.9; usual care, 52.7). FACT-G completion was 76% (intervention, 117 of 154; usual care, 116 of 152) at 6 months for both groups. Mean (SD) length of intervention was 115.1 (33.4) days and included a mean of 10.4 (3.3) intervention calls per patient. In the intervention group, 112 of 154 (73%) patients received the intervention as randomized. At 6 months, mean FACT-G score improved 6.0 points in the intervention group and 1.4 points in the usual care group (difference, 4.6 points [95% CI, 1.8-7.4]; P = .001; standardized mean difference, 0.41). The intervention also improved COPD health status (standardized mean difference, 0.44; P = .04), HF health status (standardized mean difference, 0.41; P = .01), depression (standardized mean difference, -0.50; P < .001), and anxiety (standardized mean difference, -0.51; P < .001) at 6 months. Conclusions and Relevance: For adults with COPD, HF, or ILD who were at high risk of death and had poor quality of life, a nurse and social worker palliative telecare team produced clinically meaningful improvements in quality of life at 6 months compared with usual care. Trial Registration: Identifier: NCT02713347.

Insuficiência Cardíaca , Pneumopatias , Cuidados Paliativos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Telemedicina , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/enfermagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/enfermagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Método Simples-Cego , Assistentes Sociais , Telemedicina/métodos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/enfermagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Assistência Terminal/métodos , Assistência Ambulatorial/métodos , Serviços de Saúde para Veteranos Militares , Pneumopatias/enfermagem , Pneumopatias/terapia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros
Ther Apher Dial ; 28(1): 80-88, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37941164


INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the application effect of continuous nursing intervention in type 2 diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: Patients with type 2 DR were selected and divided into intervention group and control group by random. The control group received routine nursing intervention, and the intervention group received continuous nursing intervention on the basis of the control group. The clinical effects of the two groups were compared. RESULTS: After 1 and 2 years of intervention, the intervention group compared to the control group. The rate of visual acuity decrease was significantly lower (p < 0.05). Fasting blood glucose, 2 h postprandial blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin were significantly lower (p < 0.05). The self-management ability and satisfaction were significantly higher, and the readmission rate was significantly lower (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The continuous nursing intervention model has a good clinical effect on the visual acuity of patients with type 2 DR.

Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Retinopatia Diabética , Humanos , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/enfermagem , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Projetos de Pesquisa , Acuidade Visual
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13015, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1533027


Objetivo: descrever o manejo não farmacológico do enfermeiro frente ao paciente pediátrico com febre ou hipertermia. Método: a revisão seguiu o PRISMA, contou com estudos empíricos, que abordassem o manejo não farmacológico em crianças com febre, estudos entre 2013 e 2023. As bases de dados foram Adolec, BVS, Embase, LILACS, Web of Science e a biblioteca SciELO, com os descritores "criança", "hipertermia", "febre", "enfermagem" e "enfermagem pediátrica". Resultados: selecionado 7 estudos, descrevem que o manejo não farmacológico são massoterapia, compressas, água morna e sabonete com Marshmallow. O uso de antitérmico (paracetamol) e outra medida não farmacológico foi evidenciada como efetiva. Há lacuna de protocolos para guiar os profissionais para o atendimento da criança com febre, além dos profissionais se basearem em suas crenças na assistência. Conclusão: o uso não farmacológico foi eficaz em conjunto com antitérmico. Há necessidade de outros estudos e desenvolvimento de protocolos para guiar os profissionais na assistência.

Objective: to describe the nurse's non-pharmacological management of pediatric patients with fever or hyperthermia. Method: the review followed PRISMA and included empirical studies that addressed non-pharmacological management in children with fever, studies between 2013 and 2023. The databases were Adolec, BVS, Embase, LILACS, Web of Science and the SciELO library, with the descriptors "child", "hyperthermia", "fever", "nursing" and "pediatric nursing". Results: 7 studies were selected, describing non-pharmacological management as massage therapy, compresses, warm water, and soap with Marshmallow. The use of antipyretics (paracetamol) and other non-pharmacological measures were shown to be effective. There is a lack of protocols to guide professionals in caring for children with fever, in addition to professionals relying on their beliefs in care. Conclusion:non-pharmacological use was effective in conjunction with antipyretics. There is a need for further studies and development of protocols to guide professionals in helping.

Objetivos:describir el manejo no farmacológico de la enfermera del paciente pediátrico con fiebre o hipertermia. Método: la revisión siguió PRISMA, incluyó estudios empíricos que abordaron el manejo no farmacológico en niños con fiebre, estudios entre 2013 y 2023. Las bases de datos fueron Adolec, BVS, Embase, LILACS, Web of Science y la biblioteca SciELO, con los descriptores "niño", "hipertermia", "fiebre", "enfermería" y "enfermería pediátrica". Resultados: se seleccionaron 7 estudios que describen manejo no farmacológico como terapia con masajes, compresas, agua tibia y jabón con Marshmallow. Se demostró eficaz el uso de antipiréticos (paracetamol) y otras medidas no farmacológicas. Faltan protocolos que orienten a los profesionales en el cuidado de niños con fiebre, además de que los profesionales se basen en sus creencias sobre el cuidado. Conclusión: el uso no farmacológico fue efectivo en conjunto con antipiréticos. Es necesario realizar más estudios y desarrollar protocolos que orienten a los profesionales en la prestación de asistencia.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Enfermagem Pediátrica/métodos , Febre/enfermagem , Hipertermia/enfermagem , Criança , Tratamento Conservador/enfermagem
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13054, jan.-dez. 2024. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1533034


Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados à prevalência de cicatrização em pacientes com feridas crônicas. Método: estudo transversal, em pacientes com feridas crônicas de uma Unidade de Saúde da Família, em Salvador, Bahia. Os dados foram coletados de fontes secundárias disponíveis na planilha de acompanhamento dos pacientes, analisando como desfecho os níveis de cicatrização das feridas crônicas. Resultados: foram verificadas diferenças estatisticamente significantes nas variáveis faixa etária e dor, em que a proporção de apresentar os piores índices de cicatrização foi 77,78% maior entre os pacientes adultos quando comparada aos idosos; e a proporção de apresentar os piores índices de cicatrização entre os pacientes com dor intensa/muito intensa foi 80% maior quando comparada aos pacientes sem dor. Conclusão: ficou evidente a importância de desenvolver estratégias voltadas ao estilo de vida, adesão ao tratamento, manejo da dor, bem como utilização de instrumentos qualitativos para avaliação dos fatores que possam interferir na cicatrização.

Objective: to analyze the factors associated with the prevalence of healing in patients with chronic wounds. Method: cross-sectional study, in patients with chronic wounds at a Family Health Unit, in Salvador, Bahia. Data were collected from secondary sources available in the patient monitoring spreadsheet, analyzing the healing levels of chronic wounds as the outcome. Results: statistically significant differences were found in the variable age group and pain, in which the proportion of those presenting the worst healing rates was 77.78% higher among adult patients when compared to the elderly; and the proportion of patients with intense/very intense pain presenting the worst healing rates was 80% higher when compared to patients without pain. Conclusion: the importance of developing strategies focused on lifestyle, adherence to treatment, pain management, as well as the use of qualitative instruments to evaluate factors that may interfere with healing.

Objetivos:analizar los factores asociados a la prevalencia de curación en pacientes con heridas crónicas. Método: estudio transversal, en pacientes con heridas crónicas en una Unidad de Salud de la Familia, en Salvador, Bahía. Los datos se recopilaron de fuentes secundarias disponibles en la hoja de seguimiento de pacientes, analizando como resultado los niveles de curación de las heridas crónicas. Resultados: se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las variables grupo de edad y dolor, siendo la proporción de quienes tuvieron peores tasas de curación 77,78% mayor entre los pacientes adultos en comparación con los ancianos; y la proporción de pacientes con dolor intenso/muy intenso que presentaron peores tasas de curación fue un 80% mayor en comparación con los pacientes sin dolor. Conclusión: se evidenció la importancia de desarrollar estrategias enfocadas en el estilo de vida, la adherencia al tratamiento, el manejo del dolor, así como el uso de instrumentos cualitativos para evaluar factores que puedan interferir en la curación.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Ferimentos e Lesões/enfermagem , Fatores de Risco , Manejo da Dor/enfermagem , Enfermeiras de Saúde da Família
Nurs Stand ; 39(1): 38-43, 2024 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38152022


Anorexia nervosa is a challenging and highly distressing illness associated with significant and often debilitating symptoms that affect the person's physical and mental well-being, as well as their wider social networks. Although some patients can make important steps in their recovery in the community, many will become significantly unwell and require medical stabilisation and refeeding in an acute medical ward as a result of significant weight loss. This article describes some of the challenges experienced by adult nurses when caring for patients with anorexia nervosa on acute medical wards and explores how the patient's distress may manifest and complicate the recovery process. The article also discusses the principles of psychologically informed care and therapeutic interactions that nurses can use to promote recovery and ensure optimal practice.

Anorexia Nervosa , Adulto , Humanos , Anorexia Nervosa/enfermagem , Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia , Anorexia Nervosa/terapia
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 545-555, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419199


O objetivo deste estudo é construir e validar uma cartilha educativa para estudantes do ensino médio sobre Suporte Básico de Vida nas escolas. Trata-se de uma pesquisa metodológica, realizada em três etapas. Na primeira etapa foi realizada revisão bibliográfica, na segunda etapa procedeu-se a elaboração da cartilha educativa e por fim, a validação do material por especialistas. Entre os resultados destaca-se que a cartilha aborda as principais recomendações acerca da segurança do socorrista e suporte básico de vida no adulto e possui 14 páginas. Conclui-se que todos os itens da cartilha educativa obtiveram índice de validade de conteúdo maior que 0,82 conseguindo a validação.

The objective of this study is to build and validate an educational booklet for high school students about Basic Life Support in schools. This is a methodological research, carried out in three stages. In the first stage, a bibliographic review was carried out, in the second stage, the educational booklet was elaborated and, finally, the material was validated by specialists in the subject. Among the results, it is highlighted that the booklet addresses the main recommendations regarding rescuer safety and basic adult life support and has 14 pages. It was concluded that all items in the educational booklet had a content validity index greater than 0.82, achieving validation.

El objetivo de este estudio es construir y validar una cartilla educativa para estudiantes de secundaria sobre Soporte Vital Básico en las escuelas. Se trata de una investigación metodológica, realizada en tres etapas. En la primera etapa se realizó una revisión bibliográfica, en la segunda etapa se elaboró la cartilla educativa y, finalmente, el material fue validado por especialistas en el tema. Entre los resultados, se destaca que la cartilla aborda las principales recomendaciones sobre seguridad del reanimador y soporte vital básico del adulto y tiene 14 páginas. Se concluyó que todos los ítems de la cartilla educativa tuvieron un índice de validez de contenido superior a 0,82, lográndose la validación.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudantes , Educação em Saúde , Ensino Fundamental e Médio , Estudos de Validação como Assunto , Instituições Acadêmicas , Ferimentos e Lesões/enfermagem , Enfermagem em Emergência/educação , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/enfermagem , Cuidados Críticos , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Primeiros Socorros/enfermagem , Paramédico/educação
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 31: e4067, 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38055589


OBJECTIVE: to develop and validate the content of a serious game on the safe management of intravenous medications in pediatrics. METHOD: methodological study for the development and content validation of an educational technology. The cases and challenges of the serious game were developed based on a literature review and validated by 11 nurses with training and experience in the area. Content validity and agreement indices were adopted to analyze agreement and internal consistency (minimum of 0.8). RESULTS: the content is based on the main antibiotics used in the clinical management of infections in hospitalized children and patient safety. Absolute agreement was obtained in 60 of the 61 items evaluated, and the minimum obtained was 0.82 in the content validation index and 0.80 in agreement. Adjustments were suggested by experts in the response statement for a specific case and implemented to improve the quality of the technology content. CONCLUSION: the content of the serious game Nurseped was validated by nurse experts in child health regarding clinical cases, question statements and multiple-choice answers, in addition to feedback that presents the user with an evidence-based answer after getting the challenge right or wrong.

Antibacterianos , Saúde da Criança , Tecnologia Educacional , Infecções , Segurança do Paciente , Criança , Humanos , Retroalimentação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Administração Intravenosa , Hospitalização , Infecções/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções/enfermagem
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 31: e4070, 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38055590


OBJECTIVE: to describe a microtheory for nursing care in the prevention of delirium in older adult in the intensive care unit. METHOD: prescriptive theoretical research, based on substruction. Roy's Adaptation Model constructs were deduced and data from the phenomenon of nursing care in the prevention of delirium in older adult in intensive care were induced, based on an integrative literature review. RESULTS: the microtheory has a theoretical and operational system and a model of care. In the theoretical system, Roy's focal and contextual stimulus constructs were used. From them, the concepts of focal and contextual care and the variable adaptive response to prevention were elaborated. From the relational statements, four axioms, two postulates, eight propositions and an epistemic assumption were elaborated. TWO EMPIRICAL INDICATORS WERE ESTABLISHED IN THE OPERATING SYSTEM: the Confusion Assessment Method for Intensive Care Units and the demographic/clinical history of the older adult. Subsequently, two transformational statements, four hypotheses and the model of care represented in figure were produced. CONCLUSION: the microtheory produced prescribes care in the prevention of delirium in older adult in intensive care, through a construct of interest to nursing, and allows interceptions for the development of instruments that guide nursing activities.

Cuidados Críticos , Delírio , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Cuidados Críticos/psicologia , Delírio/enfermagem , Delírio/prevenção & controle , Teoria de Enfermagem
Rev Bras Enferm ; 76Suppl 2(Suppl 2): e20220550, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38088654


OBJECTIVE: to synthesize evidence from qualitative studies on nursing experiences regarding child and adolescent mental health care in specialized services. METHOD: a systematic review with meta-synthesis of qualitative studies according to JBI guidelines. CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, LILACS, PSYCinfo, Scopus and Web of Science databases were used. The findings were classified according to the level of reliability and credibility and categorized by similarity between contents. RESULTS: 229 articles were identified, and five were included in the final sample and organized into the categories: Emotional impact; and Understanding nursing role. The level of evidence found was moderate. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: nursing experiences are permeated by emotional exhaustion, feelings of frustration and difficulty in understanding their professional role. The need for training spaces that qualify this care is highlighted.

Saúde do Adolescente , Saúde da Criança , Saúde Mental , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Emoções , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Enfermagem , Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem
Wound Manag Prev ; 69(4): 10-17, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38090951


BACKGROUND: The attitudes of nurses should be measured using valid and reliable tools to develop effective nursing care strategies for the prevention of medical device-related pressure injuries and to organize necessary training programs. PURPOSE: This study was planned to conduct the Turkish validity and reliability study of the Attitude towards Medical Device-Related Pressure Ulcers/Injuries Questionnaire (MDRPU/I Questionnaire (the English-language version)) in nurses. METHODS: This methodological study included 134 nurses working in hospitals of different sizes and characteristics (public hospitals, training and research hospitals, and university hospitals) in Turkey. The validity and reliability of the Attitude Towards Medical Device-Related Pressure Injuries (MDRPI Questionnaire (the Turkish-language version)) Questionnaire were tested using language validity, content validity, face validity, construct validity, and reliability analyses. RESULTS: The final version of the questionnaire had a content validity index of 98.03%, sufficient construct validity, and a Cronbach α value of 0.92 for the total questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: The Turkish version of the MDRPI Questionnaire is valid, reliable, and suitable for measuring the attitudes of nurses in Turkey toward the prevention and care of medical device-related pressure injuries.

Lesão por Pressão , Humanos , Hospitais Universitários , Idioma , Lesão por Pressão/etiologia , Lesão por Pressão/enfermagem , Lesão por Pressão/prevenção & controle , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia , Equipamentos e Provisões/efeitos adversos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Estima (Online) ; 21(1): e1311, jan-dez. 2023.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1443204


Objetivo:Relatar a experiência de uma equipe de enfermeiros estomaterapeutas na construção de um algoritmo para a indicação de equipamento coletor para estomias de eliminação. Método: Relato de experiência, do período de janeiro de 2018 a setembro de 2019, sobre o processo de construção de um algoritmo para indicação de equipamento coletor para estomias de eliminação. Resultados: A partir de determinadas características clínicas (parâmetros de avaliação) e da categorização dos equipamentos coletores (solução), foi desenvolvido um algoritmo para indicação de equipamento coletor para estomias de eliminação. Conclusão: Espera-se que esse instrumento possa auxiliar os enfermeiros na sua prática profissional quanto à escolha do equipamento coletor e na construção de protocolos clínicos.

Objective:To report the experience of a team of enterostomal therapists in the construction of an algorithm for the indication of collecting equipment for elimination stomas. Method: Experience report, from January 2018 to September 2019, on the process of building an algorithm to indicate collecting equipment for elimination stomas. Results: Based on certain clinical characteristics (assessment parameters) and the categorization of collecting equipment (solution), an algorithm was developed to indicate collecting equipment for elimination stomas. Conclusion: It is expected that this instrument can help nurses in their professional practice regarding the choice of collecting equipment and the construction of clinical protocols.

Objetivo:Relatar la experiencia de un equipo de enfermeros estomaterapeutas en la construcción de un algoritmo para la indicación de equipos recolectores para estomas de eliminación. Método: Informe de experiencia, de enero de 2018 a septiembre de 2019, sobre el proceso de construcción de un algoritmo para indicar equipos colectores para estomas de eliminación. Resultado: A partir de ciertas características clínicas (parámetros de evaluación) y la categorización de los equipos colectores (solución), se desarrolló un algoritmo para indicar equipos colectores para estomas de eliminación. Conclusión: Se espera que este instrumento pueda ayudar a los enfermeros en su práctica profesional en cuanto a la elección de equipos de recolección y la construcción de protocolos clínicos.

Humanos , Algoritmos , Estomia/instrumentação , Estomia/enfermagem , Enfermeiras Especialistas , Estomaterapia
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 33(6): 391-400, Nov-Dic. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-227742


Objetivo: Estudiar el estado de salud de un grupo de pacientes con trasplante hepático (TH) por enfermedad relacionada con el consumo de alcohol vs. otras etiologías, antes y después del trasplante. Método: Estudio longitudinal de cohortes en pacientes trasplantados hepáticos desde noviembre de 2019 hasta julio de 2022. Se incluyeron pacientes atendidos para un primer TH tanto electivo como urgente en la Unidad de Trasplantes de un hospital. Se excluyeron aquellos pacientes que ya portaban un órgano trasplantado y aquellos que necesitaron un re-TH en el primer mes tras el primer trasplante. Se recogieron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELDNa), índice de fragilidad hepática (LFI), efectos emocionales-conductuales del trasplante, nivel de ansiedad y depresión. En el análisis estadístico se utilizaron las pruebas de X2 de Pearson, t de Student, U de Mann-Whitney y el signo de Wilcoxon. Resultados: La muestra fue n = 67 pacientes trasplantados hepáticos, con una edad promedio de 56,37 años, siendo 67,2% hombres y 39% por enfermedad hepática relacionada con el alcohol (EHRA). De todos los pacientes incluidos, 9% fueron trasplantes urgentes. El consumo de alcohol se asoció con una mayor edad, una alta tasa de fragilidad hepática y una situación laboral no activa. La etiología alcohólica se correlacionó con una mayor preocupación durante los primeros seis meses después del trasplante de hígado. Conclusión: Existen diferencias en el estado de salud de los pacientes trasplantados hepáticos por EHRA vs. otra etiología. Las enfermeras deben considerar la etiología de la enfermedad hepática para orientar los cuidados y las intervenciones durante todo el proceso de trasplante.(AU)

Aim: To study the health status of a group of patients with liver transplantation by alcohol-related disease vs another etiology before and after the transplantation. Method: Longitudinal cohort study of liver transplant patients from November 2019 to July 2022. Adult patients attended in the unit of transplantation of a hospital for a first liver transplant, both elective and urgent, were included. Patients who already had a transplanted organ and those who required liver re-transplantation in the first month after the first transplant were excluded. Sociodemographic and clinical variables, MELDNa, liver frailty index, emotional-behavioral effects of transplantation, level of anxiety and depression were collected. Pearson's chi-square, Student's t, Mann-Whitney U, and Wilcoxon sign tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: The sample was n = 67 liver transplant patients with a mean age of 56.37 years, 67.2% being men and 39% due to alcohol-related liver disease. 9% of all included patients were urgent transplants. Alcohol consumption was associated with older age, a high rate of liver frailty, and a non-active work situation. Alcoholic etiology correlated with increased concern during the first six months after liver transplantation. Conclusion: There are differences in the health status between liver transplant patients for alcohol-related liver disease vs other etiology. Nurses must consider the etiology of liver disease to guide care and interventions throughout the transplant process.(AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/enfermagem , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas , Nível de Saúde , Alcoólicos , Adesão à Medicação , Estudos de Coortes , Enfermagem , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Hepatopatias/enfermagem , Alcoolismo , Estudos Prospectivos