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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253084, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345551

RESUMO

Abstract Repeatedly frying process of dietary edible oil has a potential role in the generation of free radicals. Therefore, questions have always been raised as to whether, there is an efficient and economical method to reduce the harmful effects of repeated use of frying edible oil. Since hibiscus has been stated to have a wide variety of therapeutic effects, it was important to investigate its properties against harmful effects of free radicals. The current study aspires to find out whether irradiated powder of hibiscus has a protective role against adverse effects of repeated use of frying edible oil. Thirty-five adult male albino rats were equally assigned into five groups. First group"G1" was fed with normal diet as control group, meanwhile, group"G2" the diet mixed with fresh oil, "G3" diet mixed with repeatedly frying oil only, "G4" diet mixed with frying oil treated with hibiscus and "G5" diet mixed with frying oil treated with irradiated hibiscus. Feeding duration was six weeks. Fatty acid analyses of oil as well as peroxide values were determined. Blood and liver samples were collected for biochemical analyses as well as histological study. Repeatedly heated cooked oil has significant increases in peroxide value, acid value, free fatty acid and both conjugated diene and triene compared with repeatedly frying oil treated with hibiscus. Also there are significant increases in cholesterol and triglyceride and impaired in liver functions in "G3"compared with others. In addition, relative to the hibiscus groups, there is a substantial reduction in oxygen consumption in "G3". Both hibiscus as well as irradiated hibiscus attract attention in order to play a vital and economical role against harmful effects of frequent use of frying edible oil on some biological functions but, irradiated hibiscus was more effective.


Resumo O processo de fritura repetida de óleo comestível da dieta tem papel potencial na geração de radicais livres que podem ter efeitos prejudiciais em algumas funções biológicas. Portanto, sempre se questionou se existe uma maneira eficiente e econômica de prevenir ou pelo menos reduzir os efeitos nocivos do uso repetido de óleo comestível para fritar. Como o hibisco tem ampla variedade de efeitos terapêuticos, foi importante investigar suas propriedades como agente antioxidante contra os efeitos nocivos dos radicais livres. O presente estudo pretende descobrir se o pó irradiado de hibisco tem papel protetor contra os efeitos adversos do uso repetido de óleo comestível para fritar. Trinta e cinco ratos albinos machos adultos foram divididos igualmente em cinco grupos. O primeiro grupo "G1" foi alimentado com dieta normal como grupo controle, enquanto o grupo "G2" dieta misturada com óleo fresco, dieta "G3" misturada com óleo de fritura repetida, dieta "G4" misturada com óleo de fritura tratada com hibisco e dieta "G5" misturada com óleo de fritura tratada com hibisco irradiado. A duração da alimentação foi de seis semanas. Foram determinadas as análises de ácidos graxos de óleo, bem como os valores de peróxidos. Amostras de sangue e fígado foram coletadas para análises bioquímicas e estudo histológico. O óleo cozido repetidamente aquecido tem aumentos significativos no valor de peróxido, valor de ácido, ácido graxo livre e dieno e trieno conjugados em comparação com óleo de fritura repetidamente tratado com hibisco. Também há aumentos significativos no colesterol e triglicérides e comprometimento das funções hepáticas no "G3" em comparação com outros. Além disso, em relação aos grupos de hibiscos, há uma redução substancial no consumo de oxigênio no "G3". Tanto o hibisco como o hibisco irradiado chamam atenção por desempenhar papel vital e econômico contra os efeitos nocivos do uso frequente de óleo comestível para fritar em algumas funções biológicas, mas o hibisco irradiado foi mais eficaz.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Hibiscus , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Colesterol , Culinária , Temperatura Alta
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253696, 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355862

RESUMO

Abstract Transplanting time and genotype contribute to improving crop yield and quality of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). A field experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of foliar applied of triacontanol (TRIA) and eggplant genotypes 25919, Nirala, 28389 and Pak-10927,transplanted on 1 March,15 March, and 1 April on exposure to high air temperature conditions. The experiment was performed according to Randomized Complete Block Design and the data was analyzed by using Tuckey,s test . The TRIA was applied at 10µM at flowering stage; distilled water was used as the control. Rate of photosynthesis and transpiration, stomatal conductance, water use efficiency, and effects on antioxidative enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and peroxidase) were evaluated. The 10µM TRIA increased photosynthesis rate and water use efficiency and yield was improved in all genotypes transplanted at the different dates. Foliar application of 10µM TRIA increased antioxidative enzyme activities (SOD, POD & CAT) and improved physiological as well as biochemical attributes of eggplant genotypes exposed to high heat conditions. Highest activity of dismutase enzyme 5.41mg/1g FW was recorded in Nirala genotype in second transplantation. Whereas, lowest was noted in PAK-10927 (2.30mg/g FW). Maximum fruit yield was found in accession 25919 (1.725kg per plant) at 1st transplantation with Triacontanol, whereas accession PAK-10927 gave the lowest yield (0.285 kg per plant) at control treatment on 3rd transplantation. Genotype, transplanting date and application of TRIA improved growth, yield and quality attributes under of heat stress in eggplant.


Resumo O tempo de transplante e o genótipo contribuem para melhorar a produtividade e a qualidade da cultura da berinjela (Solanum melongena L.). Um experimento de campo foi conduzido para investigar o impacto da aplicação foliar de triacontanol (TRIA) e genótipos de berinjela 25919, Nirala, 28389 e Pak-10927, transplantados em 1 de março, 15 de março e 1 de abril de exposição a condições de alta temperatura do ar. O experimento foi realizado de acordo com o Randomized Complete Block Design e os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Tuckey. O TRIA foi aplicado a 10 µM na fase de floração; água destilada foi utilizada como controle. Taxa de fotossíntese e transpiração, condutância estomática, eficiência do uso da água e efeitos sobre as enzimas antioxidantes (superóxido dismutase, catalase e peroxidase) foram avaliados. O TRIA 10 µM aumentou a taxa de fotossíntese e a eficiência do uso da água e o rendimento foi melhorado em todos os genótipos transplantados nas diferentes datas. A aplicação foliar de TRIA 10µM aumentou as atividades das enzimas antioxidantes (SOD, POD e CAT) e melhorou os atributos fisiológicos e bioquímicos de genótipos de berinjela expostos a condições de alto calor. A atividade mais elevada da enzima dismutase 5,41mg / 1g FW foi registrada no genótipo Nirala no segundo transplante. Considerando que o mais baixo foi observado em PAK-10927 (2,30 mg / g FW). A produtividade máxima de frutos foi encontrada no acesso 25919 (1,725 ​​kg por planta) no 1º transplante com Triacontanol, enquanto o acesso PAK-10927 deu a menor produção (0,285 kg por planta) no tratamento de controle no 3º transplante. Genótipo, data de transplante e aplicação de TRIA, melhoramento do crescimento, rendimento e atributos de qualidade sob estresse térmico em berinjela.


Assuntos
Solanum melongena/genética , Solanum melongena/metabolismo , Fotossíntese , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Álcoois Graxos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253616, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355880

RESUMO

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of the volatile oil of Alpinia zerumbet (VOAz) on caveolin-1 gene expression and muscular fibrosis. The rats were immobilized to induce fibrosis of the gastrocnemius muscle, and they were treated with VOAz. Collagen quality was assessed by histology and the expression of the caveolin-1 (CAV-1) gene was evaluated using qPCR. Histomorphological analysis indicated a significant reduction in the perimeter, width, and intensity of collagen in the treated groups, thus showing that the oil was effective in regulating the quality of collagen at the three concentrations. The results of expression levels suggested a decrease in the lesioned group and in two treatment groups (0.0115 µg/g and 0.009 µg/g). However, with the lowest concentration (0.0065 µg/g), no significant difference was observed, with levels similar to those found in healthy tissue. Therefore, the results showed that VOAz has the potential to be a non-invasive and low-cost alternative to aid in the treatment of muscular fibrosis.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o efeito do óleo volátil de Alpinia zerumbet (OVAz) na expressão do gene da caveolina-1 e na fibrose muscular. Os ratos foram imobilizados para induzir a fibrose do músculo gastrocnêmio, e foram tratados com OVAz. A qualidade do colágeno foi avaliada com histologia e à expressão do gene caveolina-1 (CAV-1) foi avaliada usando qPCR. A análise histomorfológica indicou uma redução significativa no perímetro, largura e intensidade do colágeno nos grupos tratados. Os resultados dos níveis de expressão sugeriram diminuição nos grupos de lesão e em dois grupos de tratamento (0,0115 µg/g e 0,009 µg/g). No entanto, com a menor concentração (0,0065 µg/g), não foi observada diferença significativa, apresentando níveis semelhantes aos encontrados em tecido saudável. O uso do OVAz foi eficaz para reverter as alterações do colágeno causadas pela fibrose, e sua menor concentração apresentou uma possível tendência de aumento na expressão do CAV-1. Portanto, os resultados mostraram que o OVAz tem potencial para ser uma alternativa não invasiva e de baixo custo para auxiliar no tratamento da fibrose muscular.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Alpinia/química , Caveolina 1/metabolismo , Músculos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibrose , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Brasil , Ratos Wistar , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Músculos/patologia
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254479, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355910

RESUMO

Abstract Earias vittellaFabricius, 1794 (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) is deliberated to be one of the most destructive pests of cotton and okra vegetation in the world including Asia. The pest has established resistance to various synthetic insecticides. The use of bio-pesticide is one of the unconventional approaches to develop a vigorous ecosystem without harming non- target pests and beneficial natural insect fauna. In the present study, the toxicity levels of Citrullus colocynthis seed extract have been evaluated against the populations of E. vittellaunder standardized laboratory conditions. The toxic effects of C. colocynthis on development periods, protein contents and esterase activity of the life stages of E. vittella were also evaluated. The toxicity levels of methanol, ethanol, hexane, water and profenofos were evaluated on the 1st instar larvae of E. vittella. LC30 and LC80 concentrations exhibited the effectiveness of methanol-based C. colocynthis seed extract against 1st instar larvae of E. vitella. The enhanced larval and pupal periods were revealed in treated samples during the comparison with untreated samples. The intrinsic rate of increase, net reproductive rate in the LC30 and LC80 concentrations exposed larvae remained less than the control treatment. Fecundity, the esterase activity and protein contents were declined in LC30 and LC80 treated samples as compared to the control. The present findings suggest that C. colosynthis extracts based botanical insecticides are beneficial, ecosystem sustainable and can be integrated with insect management programs from environment safety perspective.


Resumo Earias vittella Fabricius, 1794 (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) é considerada uma das pragas mais destrutivas de algodão e quiabo no mundo, incluindo a Ásia. Essa praga estabeleceu resistência a vários inseticidas sintéticos. O uso de biopesticidas é uma das abordagens não convencionais para desenvolver um ecossistema saudável sem prejudicar as pragas não alvo e a fauna natural benéfica de insetos. No presente estudo, os níveis de toxicidade do extrato de semente de Citrullus colocynthis foram avaliados nas populações de E. vittella em condições de laboratório padronizadas. Os efeitos tóxicos de C. colocynthis nos períodos de desenvolvimento, conteúdo de proteína e atividade esterase das fases de vida de E. vittella também foram avaliados. Os níveis de toxicidade de metanol, etanol, hexano, água e profenofós foram avaliados em larvas de 1º instar de E. vittella. As concentrações de LC30 e LC80 apresentaram eficácia do extrato de sementes de C. colocynthis à base de metanol contra larvas de 1º instar de E. vittella. Os períodos larval e pupal aumentados foram revelados nas amostras tratadas durante a comparação com as amostras não tratadas. A taxa intrínseca de aumento e a taxa reprodutiva líquida nas concentrações de larvas expostas LC30 e LC80 permaneceram menores do que o tratamento controle. A fecundidade, a atividade da esterase e o conteúdo de proteína diminuíram nas amostras tratadas com LC30 e LC80 em comparação com o controle. As presentes descobertas sugerem que os extratos de C. colocynthis à base de inseticidas botânicos são benéficos, sustentáveis ​​para o ecossistema e podem ser integrados com programas de manejo de insetos do ponto de vista da segurança ambiental.


Assuntos
Animais , Citrullus colocynthis , Inseticidas , Mariposas , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ecossistema , Larva
5.
Food Chem ; 399: 133946, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998491

RESUMO

Genotype, growth stages, and moisture regimes affect polyphenols as beneficial compounds in rapeseed with edible and medicinal properties. The aims of this study were to assess the effects of tissue, genotype background and moisture on growth, pigment composition, phenolic acids, flavonoids, antioxidant, and antiglycation activities in rapeseed. Treatments included two moisture regimes (10% field capacity as drought-treated and 30% field capacity as control), tissue (leaf, flower and seed), and 12 rapeseed genotypes. The range of loss in growth traits under drought compared with control was between 23% and 47%. Drought reduced number of leaves, leaf area, fresh and dry weights by 23%, 31%, 37%, and 36%, respectively whilst increased chlorophylls, carotenoids, total pigment, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and antioxidant activities. Analysis for antiglycation properties in two genotypes (G01 and G08) which accumulated higher phenolic compounds showed that higher antiglycation property was associated with higher epicatechin, and caffeic, and syringic acids. Flower extracts showed higher phenolics than leaf and seed suggesting flowering stage is a preferred timing to harvest a higher polyphenols from rapeseed. Overall, our results demonstrated role of specific polyphenols in antiglycation activities and the importance of growth stage and genotype in attaining higher polyphenols and antioxidants that affect edible and medicinal values of rapeseed under water limited conditions.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Brassica rapa , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Brassica napus/genética , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Fenóis/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/farmacologia
6.
Food Chem ; 399: 133974, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998493

RESUMO

In this research, two sequential Dendrobium officinale water extracts (WDOE and WDOP1) were shown to significantly ameliorate type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) in a mouse model. WDOP1 was identified as a glucomannan with a backbone of 1,4-linked Manp and 1,4-linked Glcp and an average molecular weight of 731 kDa. We also found that both WDOE and WDOP1 could significantly alleviate glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, oxidative stress injury, serum lipid metabolism disturbances, and histopathological damage in T2DM mice. In addition, we demonstrated that WDOE and WDOP1 reversed gut dysbiosis by reshaping the microbiota spectrum in T2DM mice. It should be emphasized that both Dendrobium officinale extracts afforded beneficial effects in T2DM mice comparable to metformin, despite differences in examined dosages. In conclusion, we demonstrated that Dendrobium officinale derivatives have potential as T2DM management nutraceuticals.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
7.
Food Chem ; 399: 133959, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001928

RESUMO

Advances in understanding the biological effects of dietary flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods have been reported. Improving knowledge about their beneficial effects, and mechanisms of action, is crucial for better utilization. However, mechanisms responsible for their health benefits are still unclear. Previous research considered has suggested that gut microbiota might be linked to the metabolism of dietary flavonoids. To understand the bioactivities of dietary flavonoids/flavonoid-rich foods better, and the role of microbiota, we explored systematically 1) types of dietary flavonoids and associated health benefits, 2) low bioaccessibilities and metabolic characteristics, 3) gut microbiota role in regulation, and 4) crosstalk between regulation mechanisms. Current challenges and future perspectives were also considered, offering new research directions and identifying trends in the development of flavonoid-rich food products.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Promoção da Saúde , Polifenóis/farmacologia
8.
Food Chem ; 399: 133962, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36007440

RESUMO

Recently, intelligent packaging has emerged for monitoring food quality in food industry. This study aimed to develop the electrospun HACC/PCL/SKN nanofibrous films with improved antimicrobial and antioxidant activity as intelligent packaging to monitor food freshness. The SKN loading resulted in nanoscale uniform fibers (approximately 55.0 nm), and the HACC/PCL/SKN nanofibrous films presented improved hydrophobicity, barrier properties and mechanical properties. Release kinetics study demonstrated that the loading effect led to a sustained release of SKN from fibers. The HACC/PCL film containing 2 wt% SKN showed good antibacterial effect during 24 h, suggesting enhanced antimicrobial activity. Moreover, the SKN-based solutions and films exhibited pH-responsive color changes from red (pH 2) to blue-purple (pH 12). Finally, the HACC/PCL/SKN film effectively provided a spoilage indication for shrimp stored at different temperatures for 3 days by color changes. This work provides a promising strategy for developing multi-functional film as an intelligent packaging in food industry.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Quitosana , Nanofibras , Antocianinas/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Quitosana/química , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Naftoquinonas , Poliésteres
9.
Food Chem ; 399: 133997, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037687

RESUMO

The effect of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) treatment on softening, cell wall components and cell wall metabolic genes in okras after harvest was studied. The results showed that HRW treatment could maintain fruit firmness and delay softening, thereby prolonging shelf life in okras during storage. The treated okras displayed significantly lower levels water- and chelate-soluble pectins while higher contents of Na2CO3-soluble pectin, hemicellulose and cellulose. The cell wall biosynthesis was maintained by HRW treatment via up-regulating genes involved in biosynthesis of pectin, hemicellulose and cellulose at the beginning of storage. On the contrary, the treatment could inhibit the cell wall disassembly due to the down-regulation of numerous cell wall degradative genes including AePME, AeGAL and AeCX at the end of storage. Taken together, our results suggested that HRW treatment delayed softening and extended shelf life in postharvest okras through modifying cell wall biosynthesis and disassembly at different times of storage.


Assuntos
Abelmoschus , Frutas , Abelmoschus/metabolismo , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Celulose/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Pectinas/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
10.
Food Chem ; 399: 133999, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037688

RESUMO

Melastoma dodecandrum Lour. (MDL) extracts have shown potent α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, suggesting MDL might be a good source of α-glucosidase inhibitors. The aim of the study was to identify compounds in MDL extracts with α-glucosidase inhibitory activities and evaluate their effect on postprandial blood glucose as well as elucidating the underlying mechanisms of inhibition. A total of 34 polyphenols were identified in MDL fruits, among which 10 anthocyanins and three proanthocyanidin derivatives were discovered for the first time. Dosing mice with MDL extracts (100 mg/kg body weight, by gavage) was associated with a significantly decrease in postprandial blood glucose concentrations after oral administration of maltose. The most potent α-glucosidase inhibitor was identified as casuarictin (IC50 of 0.21 µg/mL). Casuarictin bound competitively to α-glucosidase, occupying not only the catalytic site but also forming strong hydrogen bonds with α-glucosidase residues. Therefore, casuarictin derived from MDL fruits might be used as novel α-glucosidase inhibitor in functional foods or other dietary products.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases , Melastomataceae , Animais , Antocianinas , Glicemia/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Melastomataceae/metabolismo , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
11.
Food Chem ; 398: 133910, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35973296

RESUMO

Riboflavin (Rf), an externally supplied nutrient, is highly photosensitive, and should be protected from sunlight once used in food and pharmaceutical manufacturing. The applications of encapsulated Rf have recently developed due to their therapeutic properties. In this study, the use of green silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized by Rosa damascena mill L. extract to control the encapsulation efficiency of Rf in potato starch was demonstrated for the first time. Starch/Rf, Starch/AgNPs/Rf and Starch/AgNPs nanocapsules were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared, field emission scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and brunauer-Emmett-Teller techniques. The obtained results showed that the presence of AgNPs reduces Rf nanocapsules size (from 340 to 327 nm), increases the encapsulation efficiency (21.14 ± 0.62 to 92.52 ± 1.32 %) and improves the thermal stability, antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Moreover, UV-vis spectroscopy demonstrated the stronger association of AgNPs/Rf and AgNPs/Rf/Starch nanocapsules with BSA under physiological conditions.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanocápsulas , Solanum tuberosum , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Extratos Vegetais/química , Riboflavina , Prata/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Amido , Difração de Raios X
12.
Dis Model Mech ; 16(5)2023 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35855640

RESUMO

When pathological hypertrophy progresses to heart failure (HF), the prognosis is often very poor. Therefore, it is crucial to find new and effective intervention targets. Here, myocardium-specific Trim44 knockout rats were generated using CRISPR-Cas9 technology. Cardiac phenotypic observations revealed that Trim44 knockout affected cardiac morphology at baseline. Rats with Trim44 deficiency exhibited resistance to cardiac pathological changes in response to stimulation via isoproterenol (ISO) treatment, including improvement of cardiac remodeling and dysfunction by morphological and functional observations, reduced myocardial fibrosis and reduced expression of molecular markers of cardiac stress. Furthermore, signal transduction validation associated with growth and hypertrophy development in vivo and in vitro demonstrated that Trim44 deficiency inhibited the activation of signaling pathways involved in myocardial hypertrophy, especially response to pathological stress. In conclusion, the present study indicates that Trim44 knockout attenuates ISO-induced pathological cardiac remodeling through blocking the AKT/mTOR/GSK3ß/P70S6K signaling pathway. This is the first study to demonstrate the function and importance of Trim44 in the heart at baseline and under pathological stress. Trim44 could be a novel therapeutic target for prevention of cardiac hypertrophy and HF.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Remodelação Ventricular , Animais , Cardiomegalia/genética , Isoproterenol/metabolismo , Isoproterenol/farmacologia , Isoproterenol/uso terapêutico , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia
13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt A): 115891, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368566

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills are one of the most representative precious treasure proprietary medicines and have been used for nearly 500 years in clinical practice in Chinese. This medicine can prevent diseases and play a certain role in fighting altitude sickness with cerebral ischemia. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study used LC-MS to analyse the chemical constituents of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills, which laid a foundation for the improvement of the quality standard and the basic research of pharmacodynamics substances. This study aims to reveal the mechanism of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills on cerebral ischemia from the perspective of the inflammatory and apoptotic pathway. MATERIALS AND METHOD: UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyse the chemical constituents of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills qualitatively. HPLC-QQQ-MS was used to analyse the contents of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills quantitatively. The therapeutic target and pathway of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills in the treatment of ischemic stroke were predicted on the basis of network pharmacology. On the basis of the MCAO rat model, the cerebral infarction rate (TTC staining) and the number of Nissl bodies (toluidine blue staining) were measured, the pathological morphologies of cortex and hippocampus were observed (HE staining), and the mRNA levels were determined by RT-PCR. The protein expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, and Caspase3 in the ischemic brain tissue of rats were determined using the WB method. RESULTS: A total of 42 chemical constituents, including 11 triterpenoids, 10 flavonoids, 8 organic acids and their derivatives, 4 diterpenoids, 4 tannins, 2 steroids, and 3 other components, were identified from Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. HPLC-QQQ-MS results found that among the 16 different batches, the content difference between the two batches of preparations with the national drug approval number was small and that the quality was stable. However, significant differences were observed among the preparations of nine medical institutions. Network pharmacology study found that the effect of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills might be related to the AGE-rage and tumour necrosis factor signalling pathways. Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills could improve the neurobehavioral abnormalities of MCAO rats, reduce the rate of cerebral infarction, improve the pathological changes in the hippocampal area of brain tissue, and increase the number of Nissl body in the brain tissue. Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills tended to reduce the mRNA transcription levels of Bax, Caspase-3, p65, c-fos and VEGF-A and increase the expression of Bcl-2 and MAPK8 mRNA. Moreover, the Bax protein expression tended to decrease, and the bcl-2 protein expression tended to increase. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 42 chemical components were qualitatively identified from Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills, and 16 chemical components from 16 batches were determined. These components improved the quality standard level of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills and provided reference for the later exploration of its pharmacodynamics substance basis. The protective mechanism of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pills against ischemic stroke might be related to the downregulation of the apoptosis factor caspase-3.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , AVC Isquêmico , Animais , Ratos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Farmacologia em Rede , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , RNA Mensageiro
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt A): 115898, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372193

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL), the fruit of Ligustrum lucidum Ait., is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for tonifying the kidney and liver for decades. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to explore and identify polysaccharides from FLL and elucidate its protective effect against renal fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polysaccharides were extracted and isolated from FLL. The purified fraction was identified by serial phytochemical work, such as gel-permeation chromatography, ion chromatography, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance. Mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) were applied as a renal fibrosis model. The male UUO mice were pretreated with heteropolysaccharide (Poly) 1 week prior to surgery and continuously treated for 7 days after the operation. Renal fibrosis was assessed by Periodic Acid-Schiff (PAS) staining and Masson's trichrome staining in paraffin-embedded slides. The murine mesangial cells SV40-MES13 upon angiotensin II (Ang II) treatment were developed as an in vitro fibrotic model. The cells were treated by Poly in the presence of Ang II. Molecular expression was detected by RT-PCR, immunoblotting, and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: We identified a heteropolysaccharide composed of arabinose and galactose (molar ratio, 0.73:0.27) with a predicted chemical structure characterized by a backbone composed of 1,5-α-Araf, 1,3,5-α-Araf, 1,6-α-Galp, and 1,3,6-ß-Galp and side chains comprised of T-α-Araf, T-α-Arap, and 1,3-α-Araf. Pretreatment of UUO mice with Poly effectively alleviated glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Moreover, Poly pretreatment down-regulated the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) protein fibronectin (FN), profibrotic factor VEGF, proinflammatory cytokines MCP-1 and Rantes in the obstructed kidney. Similarly, the incubation of SV40-MES13 cells with Poly significantly inhibited Ang II-induced elevation in accumulation and expression level of FN and attenuated Ang II-evoked up-regulation in protein expression of MCP-1 and Rantes. CONCLUSIONS: Our study isolated and identified a naturally occurring heteropolysaccharide in FLL and revealed its potential in protecting the kidneys from fibrosis.


Assuntos
Nefropatias , Ligustrum , Obstrução Ureteral , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Ligustrum/química , Quimiocina CCL5/metabolismo , Fibrose , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Rim , Obstrução Ureteral/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Angiotensina II/metabolismo
15.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 287(Pt 2): 122081, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379086

RESUMO

A single pot microwave assisted method was employed to synthesize a series of novel pyrido fused imidazo[4,5-c]quinolines. The electronic properties of these derivatives were investigated by following their photophysical behaviour under isolated and solvated conditions via computational and experimental approaches. The solvatochromic effect of these derivatives was investigated in the ground and excited singlet states by following the absorption and fluorescence emission and excitation spectra. Further the effect of general and specific solvent effects were also investigated by plotting Stokes shift against Lippert-Mataga, ET(30) and Kamlet-Taft polarity parameters respectively. The deviation from linearity in ET(30) plot indicates that formation of different species in polar protic solvents. The biological applications of these derivatives as potential drug candidates were evaluated by in silico computational methods followed by pharmacokinetic properties predictions. The ability of these derivatives to inhibit human casein kinase 2 (CK2) was evaluated. The structure activity relationships were correlated by evaluating the electronic properties through experimental photophysical investigations including solvatochromic effect and computational electronic structure calculations. Of the various derivatives, p-nitro phenyl substituted pyrido fused imidazo[4,5-c]quinoline exhibited good inhibitory activity against CK2 enzyme and hence could serve as a promising drug candidate.


Assuntos
Quinolinas , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Solventes/química , Fenômenos Químicos , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Eletrônica
16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt B): 115916, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379417

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Mesosphaerum pectinatum (L.) Kuntze (Lamiaceae), also known as sambacaitá, is a medicinal plant widely used in northeastern Brazil for the treatment of inflammatory and painful conditions, bacterial infections and cancer. Hence, the medicinal use of this species is quite meaningful to the search for bioactive compounds. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the pectinolide-enriched fraction of Mesosphaerum pectinatum (PEF) in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PEF was analyzed with HPLC-DAD and 1H and 13C NMR. After the analysis, compounds of the pectinolide class were detected as major constituents in this fraction. The PEF (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) and the reference drugs - morphine (3.0 mg/kg, p.o.) and dexamethasone (2.0 mg/kg, p.o.) - were evaluated using models for nociception (hot plate, formalin-induced licking response) or inflammation (carrageenan-induced peritonitis and ear edema model). RESULTS: The PEF significantly decreased the licking time of the animals treated when compared to the control group (second phase). In the carrageenan-induced peritonitis model, PEF (100 and 200 mg/kg) significantly decreased total and differential leukocyte counts. The PEF (0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg/ear) significantly reduced mice ear edema at the same extent and like the results obtained with the standard drug (dexamethasone). The MPO activity was reduced in mice ear at doses of 1 and 3 mg/ear. Antinociceptive effect on the hot plate test was not observed, demonstrating that there is no analgesic activity. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the pectinolide-enriched fraction exhibits anti-inflammatory effects and that it is involved with inhibiting the release of the inflammatory mediators.


Assuntos
Lamiaceae , Peritonite , Camundongos , Animais , Carragenina , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Dor/induzido quimicamente , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Peritonite/induzido quimicamente , Peritonite/tratamento farmacológico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico
17.
Phytomedicine ; 108: 154536, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis (AS) is the pathological basis of multiple cardiovascular diseases. The pathogenesis of AS is closely related to the abnormal proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Nuciferine, an aporphine alkaloid from lotus leaf, has various pharmacological activities. However, the effect and mechanism of nuciferine on regulating proliferation and migration of VSMCs against AS is still unclear. PURPOSE: To elucidate the pharmacological effect and molecular mechanism of nuciferine on AS in ApoE(-/-) mice fed with High-Fat-Diet (HFD). STUDY DESIGN: HFD-fed ApoE(-/-) mice and 3% fetal bovine serum (FBS) induced mouse aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (MOVAS) were used to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of nuciferine on AS. METHODS: Oil red O staining was used to detect the atherosclerotic lesions. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to determine calmodulin 4 (Calm4) expression and localization. CCK-8 assay, transwell and wound-healing assays were used to measure the migration and proliferation of MOVAS cells. RESULTS: Nuciferine at 40 mg/kg significantly ameliorated the aortic lesion and vascular plaque in AS model, which was equal to the effect of the positive control drug (atorvastatin). In addition, nuciferine attenuated the migration and proliferation of VSMCs in vivo and in vitro. Importantly, nuciferine down-regulated the increase of Calm4 induced by HFD-fed in ApoE(-/-) mice or 3% FBS induced MOVAS cells. However, the inhibitory effect of nuciferine on the migration and proliferation of MOVAS cells was blocked when Calm4 was overexpressed. Furthermore, we found that nuciferine suppressed MMP12 and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway via Calm4. CONCLUSION: Our results illustrated that Calm4 promoted the proliferation and motility of MOVAS by activating MMP12/Akt signaling pathway in AS. Nuciferine has a significant anti-atherogenic effect by regulating the proliferation and migration of VSMCs through the Calm4/MMP12/AKT signaling pathway. Thus, Calm4 could potentially be a new target for AS therapy, and nuciferine could be a potential drug against AS.


Assuntos
Aporfinas , Aterosclerose , Animais , Camundongos , Apolipoproteínas E , Aporfinas/farmacologia , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Metaloproteinase 12 da Matriz/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
18.
Phytomedicine ; 108: 154518, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chios mastic gum (CMG) is a traditional Greek medicine used to treat a variety of gastrointestinal disorders, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the bioactive compounds of CMG and the mechanisms of action for controlling of IBD remain unknown. PURPOSE: Masticadienonic acid (MDA) is one of the most abundant constituents isolated from CMG. This study aims to investigate the potential effects and underlying mechanisms of MDA in the pathogenesis of colitis. METHODS: The effects of MDA were evaluated using a dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced acute colitis mouse model. The body and spleen weight and colon length and weight were measured and the clinical symptoms were analysed. Blood samples were collected to analyse the level of serum inflammatory markers. Colon tissues were processed for histopathological examination, evaluation of the epithelial barrier function, and investigation of the probable mechanisms of action. The gut microbiota composition was also studied to determine the mechanism for the beneficial effects of MDA on IBD. RESULTS: MDA could ameliorate the severity of IBD by increasing the body weight and colon length, reducing spleen weight, disease activity index, and histological score. MDA treatments reduce the release of serum inflammatory cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα), interleukin 1 beta (IL-1ß), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) via inhibiting the MAPK and NF-κB signalling pathways. MDA supplementation could also improve the intestinal barrier function by activating the NF-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) signalling pathway and restoring the expression of tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and occludin. In addition, MDA administration modulates the gut microbiota composition in DSS-induced colitis mice. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that MDA attenuated experimental colitis by restoring intestinal barrier integrity, reducing inflammation, and modulating the gut microbiota. The present study provides novel insights into CMG-mediated remission of IBD and may facilitate the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies for IBD.


Assuntos
Colite , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Animais , Camundongos , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana , Interleucina-6/farmacologia , Resina Mástique/uso terapêutico
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt B): 115932, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403745

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Besser is wildly distributed in the western high-altitude area of China and has been used as a Tibetan medicine to treat inflammatory diseases. We previously demonstrated the total flavonoids of Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Besser (TFA) showed obvious anti-inflammatory effects and its content was 276.62 mg/g. However, the chemical profile, active ingredients, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of TFA are not clear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to study the components of TFA, evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of TFA, and preliminarily predict the anti-inflammatory mechanism of TFA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TFA was prepared by the semi-biomimetic extraction method and purified by macroporous resin. The components of TFA were analyzed based on LC-MS combined with the targeted metabolomics method. The anti-inflammatory activity of TFA was evaluated using CuSO4-induced and tail cutting-induced zebrafish inflammation models. Based on the network pharmacology method, the anti-inflammatory mechanism of the main components of TFA was preliminarily predicted. RESULTS: A total of 185 components were identified in TFA. TFA showed significant anti-inflammatory effects on CuSO4-induced and tail cutting-induced zebrafish inflammation models. According to network pharmacology prediction and experimental verification, 10 compounds were identified as the main active ingredients, including 3,7-di-O-methylquercetin, Hesperetin 5-O-glucoside, Myricitrin, et al. Twenty key targets were recognized, such as TNF, AKT1, VEGFA, MMP9, EGFR, PTGS2 et al. Moreover, the TNF signaling pathway and NOD-like receptor signaling pathway were identified to play vital roles in the anti-inflammatory effects of TFA. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed the chemical profile of TFA and identified the main active ingredients, key targets, and pathways of TFA in anti-inflammatory effects, which is helpful to elucidate the pharmacodynamic substances and action mechanisms of Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Besser, to promote its clinical rational application.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Animais , Peixe-Zebra , Farmacologia em Rede , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
20.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 223: 115158, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410130

RESUMO

In the present study, a procyanidins-enriched fraction (PCE) from the rhizome of Fagopyrum dibotrys was obtained by anticomplement activity-guided fractionation. PCE could alleviate H1N1-induced ALI in mice by reducing weight loss, decreasing lung index, and regulating cytokine levels in lung tissue. PCE contained 76.5 ± 1.1% procyanidins with a mean degree of polymerization (mDP) of 5.24 ± 0.16. Meanwhile, thirty-three chemical constituents, including 27 procyanidins and 6 other compounds, were recognized by UPLC-Triple-TOF-MS/MS. Among them, twenty recognized procyanidins were composed of (epi)catechin with B-type link, while the rest consisted of (epi)catechin gallate. Furthermore, six compounds were obtained by preparative HPLC on a C18 column (250 × 10.0 mm, 5 µm), and their structures were confirmed by mass spectrum (MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and specific rotation. The structure-activity relationship analysis indicated that DP and galloylation were closely related to the anticomplement activity of procyanidins. The obtained results revealed that anticomplement procyanidins were one kind of the potentially effective materials of F. dibotrys against H1N1 influenza virus infection, and the in vivo efficacy of these compounds was worthy of further investigation.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda , Fagopyrum , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Humana , Proantocianidinas , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Proantocianidinas/uso terapêutico , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
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