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1.
Int Wound J ; 21(7): e14956, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949176

RESUMO

We investigated nurses' experiences of hospital-acquired pressure injury (PI) prevention in acute care services to better understand how PI prevention may be optimised. We used the Theoretical Domains Framework to systematically identify barriers and enablers to evidence-based preventive practices as required by the International Guideline. This study was one element of a complex capacity building project on PI surveillance and prevention within the acute health service partners of Monash Partners Academic Health Science Centre, an accredited academic health partnership located in Melbourne, Australia. We adopted a qualitative descriptive design. We interviewed 32 nurses that provided care in intensive care units, general wards and COVID wards of four acute care services. Nurses were recruited from four large acute care services (three public, one private) located in Melbourne. Most of them worked with patients who were at high risk of hospital-acquired PI on a daily basis. Interview transcripts were coded and analysed using thematic analysis guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework. The domains referred to most frequently by all participants included: Knowledge, Skills, Social/Professional Role and Identity, Beliefs about Capabilities, and Environmental Context and Resources. The key barriers discussed by nurses included gaps in nurses' knowledge and skills related to identification and staging of PI, heavy nursing workload and inadequate staffing levels, stigma and self-blame related to PI identification, and exacerbating impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Main facilitators discussed were training programmes, nursing audits and feedback, and teamwork. Participants suggested improvements including accessible and tailored training, visual reminders, and addressing heavy workloads and emotional barriers nurses face. Investing in tailored training initiatives to improve nurses' knowledge and organisational changes to address low level staffing and heavy workloads are urgently needed to support nurses in delivering optimal care and preventing hospital-acquired PI.


Assuntos
Úlcera por Pressão , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Úlcera por Pressão/prevenção & controle , Vitória , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Doença Iatrogênica/prevenção & controle
2.
Cancer Med ; 13(13): e7442, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949180

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Distress during SARS-CoV-2 outbreak affected also cancer patients' well-being. Aim of this study was to investigate patient' reactions and behavior (flexible-adaptive vs. inflexible-maladaptive) during the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was designed with a self-report questionnaire, "the ImpACT questionnaire," developed for the study. Regression analysis was performed on data. RESULTS: Four hundred and forty five cancer patients from 17 Italian regions participated in the study. 79.8% of participants were female (mean age of 58 years). 92.6% of participants reported feeling vulnerable to COVID-19 contagion; 75.6% reported helpless, 62.7% sad, 60.4% anxious, and 52.0% anger. Avoidance of thinking about coronavirus is the principal maladaptive behavior that emerged. Participants who reported feeling anxious were more likely to have fear of staff being infected with COVID-19 (OR = 3.01; 95% CI = 1.49-6.30) and to have disrupted sleep due to worry (OR = 2.42; 95% CI = 1.23-4.83). Younger participants reported more anxiety (OR = 0.97; 95% CI = 0.94-1.00); men reported feeling calm more than women (OR = 2.60; 95% CI = 1.27-5.43). CONCLUSIONS: Majority of cancer patients reported serious concerns regarding SARS-CoV-2 infection; reliable information and psychological support must be offers to respond to these needs.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Ansiedade , COVID-19 , Neoplasias , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Itália/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Emoções , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Medo/psicologia
3.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 58: e20230355, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949511

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the experience of nurses working in pediatric units in the face of innovations and changes in the process of caring for children and families during the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, the objective is to understand the typical experience of nurses in this care. METHOD: Qualitative research, which involved the participation of 16 nurses from pediatric units of a public teaching hospital. The data were analyzed according to the theoretical-methodological framework of Alfred Schütz's social phenomenology. RESULTS: The participants' reports generated the categories: the challenge of experiencing changes amid fear, the team's adaptation to innovations and changes caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and the expectation for care and the work process. CONCLUSION: The understanding of the nurses' experience highlighted changes, team adaptations and expectations for the care of children and families, which, although permeated by learning, were experienced by ethical dilemmas and moral suffering for these professionals.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermagem Pediátrica , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Criança , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Feminino , Adulto , Masculino , Pandemias , Família/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia
4.
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care ; 35(2): 135-143, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949907

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Undetectable = Untransmittable (U = U) means that people with HIV who achieve and maintain an undetectable viral load have effectively zero risk of sexually transmitting the virus to others. However, research on how U = U is perceived by older adults living with HIV (OAH) is currently lacking. This study explored U = U views among OAH. From October 2019 to February 2020, we conducted open-ended interviews with 24 OAH recruited at an HIV clinic in South Carolina. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. We employed thematic analysis in this study. Three themes emerged from the analysis: (a) Conflicting beliefs in U = U; (b) Use condoms regardless; and (c) Fear of HIV reinfection. Despite strong scientific evidence supporting U = U, some OAH do not believe in U = U. This lack of belief could deprive OAH of the benefits U = U offers. Therefore, it is vital to educate OAH about U = U to enhance their understanding and belief in U = U.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , South Carolina , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Carga Viral , Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
5.
J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care ; 35(2): 104-121, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949906

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Speed of processing (SOP) cognitive training may improve indicators of the quality of life (QoL) in people living with HIV. In this 2-year, longitudinal, randomized, controlled trial, 216 participants ages 40 years and older with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder or borderline HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder were assigned to one of three groups: (a) 10 hr of SOP training (n = 70); (b) 20 hr of SOP training (n = 73), or (c) 10 hr of internet navigation control training (a contact control group; n = 73). Participants completed several QoL measures at baseline, posttest, and Year 1 and Year 2 follow-ups. Using linear mixed-effect models, no strong pattern of training effects across QoL outcomes was apparent, with small-magnitude, nonsignificant, between-group differences in depression, locus of control, and Medical Outcomes Study-HIV scales. In conclusion, despite prior work showing some transfer of SOP cognitive training improving QoL, that was not observed. Implications for research and practice are posited.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Adulto , Alabama , Estudos Longitudinais , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Cognição , Depressão/psicologia , Transtornos Neurocognitivos , Complexo AIDS Demência/psicologia , Complexo AIDS Demência/terapia , Treino Cognitivo
6.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0305811, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950016

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV (PLHIV) remain a major barrier to effective HIV prevention. Despite the understanding that the creation of a socially inclusive environment for PLHIV is crucial for the promotion of testing, status disclosure, and treatment uptake, HIV stigma persists. Additionally, evidence suggests the endorsement of HIV stigma may be gender specific. Nonetheless, very little is known about the factors influencing men's discrimination against PLHIV in the Ghanaian context. Guided by the theory of planned behavior, our study fills this void by exploring the factors associated with the endorsement of HIV stigma in Ghana. METHODS: Utilizing a nationally representative data from the 2022 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) (N = 7044 men with ages ranging from 15-49 years), and applying logistic regression models, this study examined the factors associated with the endorsement of HIV-related stigma in Ghana. RESULTS: The notion that HIV can be transmitted through the sharing of food with PLHIV was significantly associated with increased odds of stigma endorsement against children with HIV (OR = 3.381; P<0.001) and vendors with HIV (OR = 3.00; P<0.001). On the contrary, knowing that a healthy-looking person can have HIV was significantly associated with decreased odds of endorsement of stigma against children living with HIV (OR = 0.505; P<0.001), and vendors living with HIV (OR = 0.573; P<0.001). Likewise, having knowledge of drugs that help PLHIV to live longer, was significantly associated with decreased odds of stigma endorsement against children living with HIV (OR = 0.768; P<0.001), and vendors living with HIV (OR = 0.719; P<0.001). Moreover, participants with higher educational attainment reported lower odds of stigma endorsement against children living with HIV (OR = 0.255; P<0.01), and vendors living with HIV (OR = 0.327; P<0.01). Furthermore, age was significant and inversely associated with the endorsement of HIV stigma against children living with HIV (OR = 0.951; P<0.05), and vendors living with HIV (OR = 0.961; P<0.05). Also, wealth, ethnicity, and the region of residence significantly predicted endorsement of HIV stigma. CONCLUSION: For Ghana to achieve UNAIDS target 95-95-95 by 2030, targeted educational campaigns are necessary to dispel misconceptions about HIV and to promote social inclusion for reducing HIV-related stigma and discrimination in the country.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Estigma Social , Humanos , Masculino , Gana/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0300165, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950024

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to determine the components that contribute to psychological resilience in adolescents and to determine if physical exercise, emotion control, or self-efficacy are more effective predictors of resilience. Data from participants was collected through a personal information form, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form, the Self-Efficacy Scale for Children, the Emotion Regulation Scale for Children and Adolescents, and the Psychological Resilience Scale for Children and Adolescents. The data were gathered online from 16 out of the 81 provinces in Turkey, representing 7 different regions, using convenience sampling. The study sample comprised 505 adolescents, with 309 females and 196 males. The average age of the participants was 15.66 years, with a standard deviation of 1.34. The data obtained from the students was analyzed using SPSS 27.0 statistical software. The Chi-Square test was employed to establish the correlation between the demographic features of adolescents and their levels of physical activity. The relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable was determined using correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. According to the analyzed results, there was a substantial positive correlation between physical activity and resilience, reappraisal and resilience, and self-efficacy and resilience. In addition, it was noted that physical activity alone explains 4.8% of the overall variation in resilience and is a significant predictor of resilience. The inclusion of reappraisal in the model resulted in a partial prediction of resilience by physical activity. However, the primary strength of the model was attributed to reappraisal. The inclusion of self-efficacy in the model resulted in a significant prediction of resilience, accounting for 36.8% of the total variance. The self-efficacy variable had a higher impact level compared to the other variables. Furthermore, the inclusion of self-efficacy in the model resulted in the elimination of the influence of physical activity on resilience. The research conclusions point out that self-efficacy has a greater impact on psychological resilience compared to physical activity and emotion regulation.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Resiliência Psicológica , Autoeficácia , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , Turquia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Emoções
8.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0306389, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950039

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Compelling evidence shows that the COVID-19 pandemic has detrimental effects on the mental health of university students. However, little is known about the psychological distress experienced by students from high schools during the pandemic. This study, therefore, sought to examine the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress and their associated factors among students from high schools in Rwanda. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted on 384 students randomly selected from high schools. Data were collected using standardized measures of mental disorders and their associated factors. Bivariate and multivariate analyses based on the odds ratio were used to indicate the associated factors of anxiety, depression, and stress. RESULTS: The results indicated that slightly above half of the participants (51%, n = 195) had clinically significant symptoms of depression, 30.3% (n = 116) had stress and 67.3% (n = 259) had anxiety. Our analyses identified several key risk factors associated with increased odds of these mental disorders. These include exposure to domestic violence, COVID-19 symptoms like cough and myalgia, eating twice per day, having one of the three mental disorders, gender, with females showing higher susceptibility, and direct contact with the people who positively tested covid-19. Conversely, protective factors such as heightened awareness about Covid-19, positive mental health, social support, eating three times, belonging to the third Ubudehe category, and a high resilience emerged as significant elements mitigating the risks of these mental health challenges within our sample. Intriguingly, religious affiliation emerged as a notable factor, with students affiliated with the Witness of Jehovah and Adventist denominations exhibited lower risks for depression and anxiety. CONCLUSION: Our findings highlighted a high prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress among students from secondary schools. Interestingly, this study also revealed the associated risk and protective factors of depression, anxiety, and stress in Rwandan students in high schools. Therefore, mental health interventions targeting the impact of COVID-19 on students, as young people are needed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , COVID-19 , Depressão , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Ruanda/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Proteção , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
9.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0303601, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Induced abortion is one of the most common gynecological procedures in the world, with as many as three in every ten pregnancies ending in abortion. It, however, remains controversial. The objective of this scoping review was to explore and map existing literature on the experiences of those who provide abortion care. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This exploratory review followed the Levac et al. guidelines and was reported in accordance with the PRISMA-ScR checklist. CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, PsycInfo, PubMed, and Web of Science were used to identify peer-reviewed, original research articles published on providers' experience of abortion. We identified 106 relevant studies, which include a total sample of 4,250 providers from 28 countries and six continents. Most of the studies were qualitative (n = 83), though quantitative (n = 15) and mixed methods (n = 8) studies were also included. We identified two overarching themes: (1) Providers' experiences with abortion stigma and (2) Providers' reflections on their abortion work. Our findings suggest that providers from around the world experience challenges within society and their communities and workplaces which reinforce the stigmatization and marginalization of abortion and pose questions about the morality of this work. Most, however, are proud of their work, believe abortion care to be socially important and necessary, and remain committed to the provision of care. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this review provide a comprehensive overview on the known experiences of providing abortion care. It is a key point of reference for international providers, researchers, and advocates to further this area of research or discussion in their own territories. The findings of this review will inform future work on how to support providers against stigmatization and will offer providers the chance to reflect on their own experiences.


Assuntos
Aborto Induzido , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Aborto Induzido/psicologia , Feminino , Gravidez , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Estigma Social , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
10.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0305755, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950050

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to measure student satisfaction with a revised ophthalmology delivery format, which due to the pandemic had previously relied on a remote online flipped classroom (OFC) format compared to a blended learning format. This educational strategy combined online learning with in-person seminars and practical patient centred sessions. Our previous investigations demonstrated a significant lack of student satisfaction with a curriculum solely reliant on a remote OFC, as such we hypothesised that a blended learning approach would result in improved levels of student satisfaction and knowledge gain. METHODS: Non-randomised intervention study of two groups; group 1 = OFC group and group 2 = BL group, compared perspectives of 4th year ophthalmology students using a validated course evaluation questionnaire (CEQ). RESULTS: A total of 59 students from the BL group (n = 257; response rate = 23.0%) and 28 from the OFC group agreed to participate in the study (n = 114; response rate = 24.6%). Participants in the BL group felt it was easier to determine the standard of work that was expected (77.42% v 60.71%) and demonstrated significantly increased satisfaction with staff motivation of students (95.16% v 64.29%, p <0.001) and provision of feedback (74.19% v 46.43%, p = 0.004), compared to the OFC group. Furthermore, students in the BL group also felt the course significantly improved their analytical skills (64.52% v 42.85%, p = 0.023) and ability to work as part of team (69.36% v 25%, p <0.001) as well as reporting reduced dissatisfaction with the level of choice afforded in terms of how they would learn (33.88% v 60.71%, p = 0.31) and the how they were assessed (59.68% v 89.28%, p = 0.004). No evidence of a statistical difference in exam score was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic necessitated an unavoidable pivot to online and distance learning, to meet the challenges presented by government mandates and social distancing requirements. Since many of these directives have been reversed, it is important to evaluate the effectiveness and learner perceptions' of the online and distance learning interventions. In this study we demonstrated a significant student preference for BL compared to the OFC approach, with comparable student performances determined by MCQ examinations. Our findings suggest a preference for reintroducing in-person and patient engagement activities in post-pandemic health professions education.


Assuntos
Educação a Distância , Oftalmologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Oftalmologia/educação , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Educação a Distância/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Currículo , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Aprendizagem , Adulto , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Adulto Jovem , SARS-CoV-2 , Avaliação Educacional
11.
BMJ Glob Health ; 9(6)2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38950913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in extreme strain on health systems including the health workforce, essential health services and vaccination coverage. We examined disruptions to immunisation and maternal and child health (MCH) services, concerns of personal well-being and delivery of healthcare during the pandemic as well as factors associated with self-reported trauma or burnout among healthcare providers (HCPs). METHODS: In March-April 2022, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among HCPs in two provinces of Indonesia. HCPs involved in COVID-19 or routine immunisation and MCH services were randomly selected from district/city health office registration lists. We descriptively analysed service disruptions experienced by HCPs as well as trauma, burnout and concerns of personal well-being and delivery of healthcare during the pandemic. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were undertaken to identify factors associated with trauma or burnout. RESULTS: We recruited 604 HCPs. Mobilisation of staff from routine health services to COVID-19 response duties was a key reason for service disruptions (87.9%). Strategies such as community outreach and task shifting were implemented to overcome disruptions. Trauma or burnout during the pandemic was reported by 64.1% HCPs, with 23.5% reporting worse mental or emotional health.Factors associated with trauma or burnout included delivery of COVID-19 immunisation (adjusted OR (aOR) 2.54, 95% CI 1.08 to 5.94); and delivery of both COVID-19 immunisation and routine immunisation compared with no involvement in vaccination programmes (aOR 2.42, 95% CI 1.06 to 5.52); poor treatment in the workplace (aOR 2.26, 95% CI 1.51 to 3.38) and lower confidence to respond to patient queries on COVID-19 immunisation (aOR 1.51, 95% CI 1.03 to 2.22). CONCLUSION: HCPs experienced service disruptions, trauma and burnout and implemented strategies to minimise disruptions to service delivery and improve patient experiences. Our study highlights the need to ensure that workforce resilience and strategies to protect and support HCPs are considered for pandemic planning, preparedness and management.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Indonésia , Feminino , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Adulto , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Imunização , Pandemias
12.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1273448, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952732

RESUMO

Introduction: COVID-19 has rapidly spread across the world. In March 2020, shortly after the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Ethiopia in March 2020, the government of Ethiopia took several measures. Purpose: This study aims to explore how stay-at-home orders during the COVID-19 pandemic hinder engagement with HIV/AIDS care in public hospitals in Southwest Ethiopia. Additionally, we aim to explore the psychosocial challenges faced in accessing services during stay-at-home orders. Methods: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted from 20 May to 3 June 2020, using semi-structured, in-depth interviews. In total, 27 study participants were recruited from purposively selected people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who had experienced delays, declines, or discontinuation of care after COVID-19 was confirmed in Ethiopia on 13 March 2020. The participants were interviewed over the phone and their responses were audio-recorded. Data were transcribed verbatim, translated, and analyzed using inductive thematic analysis in the Atlas ti.7.1 software package. Results: The main themes and sub-themes that emerged were psychosocial issues (such as depression, hopelessness, and fear), risk perception (including high risk, susceptibility, and severity), forceful enforcement of stay-at-home orders (such as police beatings, community leaders disgracing, and influence of families and relatives), socioeconomic factors (such as stigma, religion, and transportation costs), misinformation about COVID-19 (such as lockdowns and ART stock-outs), and healthcare factors (such as inadequate health information and long distances to healthcare facilities). Conclusion: Overall, these findings were similar to the challenges experienced by PLWHA in adhering to the recommended continuum of care. However, there are additional factors due to COVID-19, such as misinformation and the forceful implementation of the stay-at-home-orders, that impede the continuum of care. Therefore, it is important to strengthen information, education, and communication.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Infecções por HIV , Hospitais Públicos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Humanos , Etiópia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2 , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Entrevistas como Assunto , Pandemias , Estigma Social
13.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1389641, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952731

RESUMO

Aims: To assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health condition of people ≥75 years of age and on their family caregivers in Spain. Design: Multicentric, mixed method concurrent study. Methods: This work, which will be conducted within the primary care setting in 11 administrative regions of Spain, will include three coordinated studies with different methodologies. The first is a population-based cohort study that will use real-life data to analyze the rates and evolution of health needs, care provision, and services utilization before, during, and after the pandemic. The second is a prospective cohort study with 18 months of follow-up that will evaluate the impact of COVID-19 disease on mortality, frailty, functional and cognitive capacity, and quality of life of the participants. Finally, the third will be a qualitative study with a critical social approach to understand and interpret the social, political, and economic dimensions associated with the use of health services during the pandemic. We have followed the SPIRIT Checklist to address trial protocol and related documents. This research is being funded by the Instituto de Salud Carlos III since 2021 and was approved by its ethics committee (June 2022). Discussion: The study findings will reveal the long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the older adults and their caregivers. This information will serve policymakers to adapt health policies to the needs of this population in situations of maximum stress, such as that produced by the COVID-19 pandemic. Trial Registration: Identifier: NCT05249868 [ClinicalTrials.gov].


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Autocuidado , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Idoso , Estudos Prospectivos , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidadores/psicologia , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Qualidade de Vida , Masculino , Nível de Saúde , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemias , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1363450, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952734

RESUMO

Background: The number of clinical nurses in China experiencing professional burnout is increasing yearly, posing a serious challenge to the public health sector. Implementing effective intervention strategies is key to reducing the level of occupational burnout. At present, training aimed at alleviating occupational burnout among clinical nurses is very limited, with common training programs focusing on addressing external factors of occupational burnout rather than the internal cognitive issues of clinical nurses. Self-efficacy and future time perspective are both aspects of an individual's internal self-cognition. Meanwhile, the relationship between clinical nurses' self-efficacy, future time perspective, and occupational burnout is not clear, and further research is needed to verify this. Objective: This study aims to reveal the relationship between clinical nurses' self-efficacy, future time perspective, and occupational burnout, and to explore the mediating role of future time perspective between self-efficacy and occupational burnout among clinical nurses, providing a scientific reference for training directions to improve occupational burnout. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design, conducting a questionnaire survey with 529 practicing clinical nurses using the General Demographics Questionnaire (GDQ), the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI), and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS). SPSS software version 26.0 was used to analyze the correlation between variables, and AMOS 26.0 was used to test the mediation effect. Results: Clinical nurses' self-efficacy had a negative predictive effect on occupational burnout (r = -0.503, p < 0.001). Future time perspective showed significant differences in regression coefficients on both the paths of self-efficacy (r = 0.615, p < 0.001) and occupational burnout (r = -0.374, p < 0.001). Future time perspective played a partial mediating role between self-efficacy and occupational burnout, accounting for 33.8% of the total effect. Conclusion: This study suggests a significant correlation between clinical nurses' self-efficacy, future time perspective, and occupational burnout. Self-efficacy can directly affect occupational burnout in clinical nurses and can also indirectly affect occupational burnout through the future time perspective.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Autoeficácia , Humanos , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Masculino , China , Estudos Transversais , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1411688, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952733

RESUMO

Background: Occupational stress and job satisfaction significantly impact the well-being and performance of healthcare professionals, including radiologists. Understanding the complex interplay between these factors through network analysis can provide valuable insights into intervention strategies to enhance workplace satisfaction and productivity. Method: In this study, a convenience sampling method was used to recruit 312 radiologists for participation. Data on socio-demographic characteristics, job satisfaction measured by the Minnesota job satisfaction questionnaire revised short version (MJSQ-RSV), and occupational stress assessed using the occupational stress scale. Network analysis was employed to analyze the data in this study. Results: The network analysis revealed intricate patterns of associations between occupational stress and job satisfaction symptoms among radiologists. Organizational management and occupational interests emerged as crucial nodes in the network, indicating strong relationships within these domains. Additionally, intrinsic satisfaction was identified as a central symptom with high connectivity in the network structure. The stability analysis demonstrated robustness in the network edges and centrality metrics, supporting the reliability of the findings. Conclusion: This study sheds light on the complex relationships between occupational stress and job satisfaction in radiologists, offering valuable insights for targeted interventions and support strategies to promote well-being and job satisfaction in healthcare settings.


Assuntos
Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Ocupacional , Radiologistas , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiologistas/psicologia , Radiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
16.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1380539, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952738

RESUMO

Objectives: To date there is no universally accepted model that describes the development of substance related addictive behavior. In order to address this gap, the study sought to examine whether the association between primary emotions and the inclination toward addictive behavior is mediated by an anxious attachment style. Methods: The total sample consisted of 900 German speaking non-clinical adults (age: M = 27; SD = 9.60; 71.6% female). Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was applied to examine the connection between the primary emotions (SADNESS and ANGER), and the latent variables attachment anxiety and symptoms of addictive behavior. Results: Substance use symptomatology was correlated with higher attachment anxiety (r = 0.15), SADNESS (r = 0.15), and ANGER (r = 0.11). The effect of SADNESS on addictive behavior is mediated by attachment anxiety (p < 0.01) whereas ANGER had a direct effect on addictive behavior (p < 0.01). The final SEM explains 4% of the variance of addictive behaviors and 22% of attachment anxiety. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that both SADNESS and ANGER, along with attachment anxiety, are dispositions that contribute to the risk of engaging in addictive behavior. However, while ANGER directly influences addictive behavior, SADNESS acts through its impact on attachment anxiety.


Assuntos
Ira , Ansiedade , Comportamento Aditivo , Apego ao Objeto , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Alemanha , Emoções , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem , Tristeza/psicologia , Adolescente
17.
PeerJ ; 12: e17639, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952972

RESUMO

Background: Overweight and obesity now affect more than a third of the world's population. They are strongly associated with somatic diseases, in particular increasing the risk of many metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, but also with mental disorders. In particular, there is a strong association between obesity and depression. As a result, more attention is paid to the neurobiological, behavioural, and psychological mechanisms involved in eating. One of these is food addiction (FA). Research comparing lifestyle elements, physical and mental health problems of excess body weight and individuals with FA is limited and has focused on younger people, mainly students. There is also a lack of studies that relate actual metabolic parameters to FA. To better understand the problem of FA also in older adults, it is important to understand the specific relationships between these variables. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 172 adults with overweight and obesity (82% female) aged 23-85 years. The mean age of all subjects was M = 59.97 years (SD = 11.93), the mean BMI was M = 32.05 kg/m2 (SD = 4.84), and the mean body fat was M = 39.12% (SD = 6.48). The following questionnaires were used: Food Frequency Questionnaire-6 (FFQ-6), Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), Three Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 (TFEQ-R18), Yale Food Addiction Scale 2. 0 (YFAS 2.0), Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). Body composition, anthropometry, fasting glucose, lipid profile, and blood pressure were measured. Results: A total of 22.7% of participants with overweight and obesity had symptoms of depression according to the SDS, and 18.6% met the criteria for FA according to YFAS 2.0. FA was statistically significantly more common among people up to 50 years. BMI, body fat mass, diastolic blood pressure and sedentary behaviour were statistically significantly higher in people with FA symptoms. Those who were sedentary for 301-450 min per day were significantly more likely to have depressive symptoms, and those who were sedentary for more than 450 min per day were significantly more likely to have FA symptoms. Conclusions: Our findings complement the current literature on FA, particularly in older adults and metabolic parameters, and suggest further research directions. Although our cross-sectional study design does not allow causal interpretations, increasing physical activity appears to be particularly important in the management of people with overweight or obesity and FA. This may be even more important than for people with depression alone, but future research is needed to explore these relationships further.


Assuntos
Dependência de Alimentos , Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Obesidade/psicologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Idoso , Dependência de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Dependência de Alimentos/psicologia , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Nível de Saúde , Saúde Mental , Depressão/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Índice de Massa Corporal
18.
PeerJ ; 12: e17489, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952988

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has had tremendous implications for billions of adolescents worldwide due to school closures, forcing students to embrace internet usage for daily tasks. Uncontrolled use of the internet among adolescents makes them vulnerable to internet addiction (IA). This study aims to determine the prevalence of IA among adolescents and assess its association with sociodemographic factors, smartphone use, and psychological distress during the pandemic. Method: A cross-sectional self-administered online survey was conducted among students aged 13-17 from May 15th, 2021, until May 30th, 2021, using the Malay version of the Internet Addiction Test (MVIAT), the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21), and the Coronavirus Impacts Questionnaires, as well as a sociodemographic information form. The data was analyzed with IBM SPSS Statistics version 23. Results: A total of 420 adolescents participated in the survey. The majority of them (70.7%) were female, with a mean age of 15.47 years (±1.49 years old). About 45.5% of the respondents were classified as internet addicted users. The Chi-square test analysis showed that age (p = 0.002), smartphone usage (p = 0.010), rate of midnight use (p < 0.001), frequency (p < 0.001), duration (p < 0.001) of device usage, and presence of depression, anxiety, and stress (p < 0.001) were all significantly associated with IA. Multiple logistic regression showed age (aOR = 1.16, 95% CI [1.00-1.35], p = 0.048), smartphone usage (aOR =3.52, 95% CI [1.43-8.67], p = 0.006), mild or moderate depression (aOR = 2.43, 95% CI [1.36-4.34], p = 0.003), severe or extremely severe stress (aOR = 6.41, 95% CI [2.18-18.82], p = 0.001) were significantly related to IA. Conclusions: Late adolescence, the use of smartphones, and the presence of psychological distress like depression, and stress were potentially associated with IA. Wise use of smartphones and early identification of any psychological distress among adolescents are warranted, especially during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtorno de Adição à Internet , Angústia Psicológica , Humanos , Adolescente , Feminino , Masculino , Transtorno de Adição à Internet/epidemiologia , Transtorno de Adição à Internet/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Smartphone/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2 , Malásia/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Pandemias , Fatores Sociodemográficos
19.
Child Care Health Dev ; 50(4): e13300, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of children have a physical illness; these children commonly experience physical-mental comorbidity. To assess child mental health, brief scales that can be used in clinical and research settings are needed. This study assessed the validity and reliability of parent-reported Ontario Child Health Study Emotional Behavioural Scale-Brief Version (OCHS-EBS-B) scores. METHODS: Data come from a longitudinal study of children aged 2-16 years with a physical illness recruited from outpatient clinics at a pediatric hospital. Confirmatory factor analysis and McDonald's coefficient assessed the factor structure and internal consistency reliability of the OCHS-EBS-B, respectively. Point biserial correlations assessed agreement between the OCHS-EBS-B and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID), a structured diagnostic interview. The Wilcoxon rank sum test compared OCHS-EBS-B scores between children with versus without physical-mental comorbidity (known-group validity). RESULTS: The three-factor structure of the OCHS-EBS-B was replicated in this sample of children with physical illness (χ2 = 196.23(272), p < 0.001; CFI = 0.98; TLI = 0.98; SRMR = 0.06; RMSEA [90% CI] = 0.034 [0.027, 0.044]). It had excellent internal consistency reliability (ω = 0.86-0.92) and was moderately correlated with the MINI-KID (baseline: rpb = 0.43-0.51; 6 months: rpb = 0.55-0.65). OCHS-EBS-B scores were significantly higher among children with versus without physical-mental comorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Findings confirm psychometric evidence that the OCHS-EBS-B is a valid and reliable measure of mental health in children with chronic physical illness. Its brevity and robust psychometric properties make the OCHS-EBS-B a strong candidate for routine use in integrated pediatric physical and mental health services.


Assuntos
Psicometria , Humanos , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Adolescente , Ontário , Estudos Longitudinais , Análise Fatorial , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica/normas , Comorbidade , Saúde Mental
20.
Child Care Health Dev ; 50(4): e13293, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38953549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large proportion of adolescents with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are physically inactive. Physical literacy has been described as an important determinant in promoting health behaviours. The potential of exergames to improve physical literacy and activity has been recognized in typically developing children. The aim of the present scoping review was to identify and map the available evidence of this potential for adolescents with DCD. METHODS: A scoping review was performed via a literature search in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, ERIC and CINHAIL. RESULTS: From 2860 search records, six studies (two studies in DCD and four studies in cerebral palsy [CP]) assessed physical activity, 12 studies discussed exergame features and 16 studies assessed physical literacy domains. In DCD, one study showed positive effects of exergaming on physical activity and the other failed to show any significant effects of exergaming. In CP, all four studies demonstrated positive effects of exergaming on energy expenditure and daily physical activity. Furthermore, positive effects of exergames on the different physical literacy domains were shown, namely motor competence, self-concept and affect, motivation and social/experiential. Finally, exergame features including multiplayer modes, realism, game rewards, challenges and enjoyment were shown to have a significant effect on motivating and encouraging adolescents to exert more effort while playing. CONCLUSION: Based on the positive effects of exergaming on physical activity in other populations, more in-depth research in adolescents with DCD is warranted such that the decline in physical activity behaviour that is present in individuals with DCD can be counteracted. Physical literacy should be regarded as an important determinant in this regard.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Exercício Físico , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras , Jogos de Vídeo , Humanos , Adolescente , Paralisia Cerebral/reabilitação , Paralisia Cerebral/psicologia , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/reabilitação , Transtornos das Habilidades Motoras/psicologia , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Letramento em Saúde , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Motivação
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