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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252555, 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364519

RESUMO

The study was designed to investigate the effect of Coconut Oil on the levels of some liver and hematological parameters in carbon tetrachloride intoxicated rabbits. Also the antioxidant capacity of Coconut Oil for various concentrations was assessed on the basis of percent scavenging of (DPPH) free radical. Experimental animals were divided into five groups, eight rabbits in each group. These were: group A (Normal control), group B (Toxic control), group C (Standard control), group D (Treated with Coconut Oil 50 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication), group E (Treated with Coconut Oil 200 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication). The effects observed were compared with a standard hepatoprotective drug silymarine (50 mL/kg body weight). The Coconut Oil (200 mL/kg body weight) significantly (P<0.05) reduced the elevated serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) when compared to a toxic control rabbits. The results of extract treated rabbits were similar to silymarine administered rabbits group. Treatment with Coconut Oil root and silymarine caused no significant changes in RBC, Platelets, (Hb), (MCH) concentration and (HCT) values. However, significant (P<0.05) increase was observed in the total WBC count. The present study suggested that Coconut Oil can be used as an herbal alternative (need further exploration i.e to detect its bioactive compound and its efficacy) for hepatoprotective activit.


O estudo foi desenhado para investigar o efeito do óleo de coco nos níveis de alguns parâmetros hepáticos e hematológicos em coelhos intoxicados com tetracloreto de carbono. Também a capacidade antioxidante do óleo de coco para várias concentrações foi avaliada com base na porcentagem de eliminação de radicais livres (DPPH). Os animais experimentais foram divididos em cinco grupos, oito coelhos em cada grupo. Estes foram: grupo A (controle normal), grupo B (controle tóxico), grupo C (controle padrão), grupo D (tratado com óleo de coco 50 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4), grupo E (tratado com óleo de coco 200 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4). Os efeitos observados foram comparados com um fármaco hepatoprotetor padrão silimarina (50 mL/kg de peso corporal). O óleo de coco (200 mL/kg de peso corporal) reduziu significativamente (P<0,05) os níveis séricos elevados de alanina transaminase (ALT), aspartato transaminase (AST) e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), quando comparado a um coelho controle tóxico. Os resultados dos coelhos tratados com extrato foram semelhantes aos do grupo de coelhos administrados com silimarina. O tratamento com raiz de óleo de coco e silimarina não causou alterações significativas nos valores de RBC, Plaquetas, (Hb), (MCH) e (HCT). No entanto, observou-se aumento significativo (P<0,05) na contagem total de leucócitos. O presente estudo sugeriu que o óleo de coco pode ser usado como uma alternativa fitoterápica (precisa de mais exploração, ou seja, para detectar seu composto bioativo e sua eficácia) para atividade hepatoprotetora.


Assuntos
Coelhos , Tetracloreto de Carbono , Óleo de Palmeira , Biomarcadores/sangue , Fígado
2.
Toxicol Lett ; 375: 69-76, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610527

RESUMO

The objectives of the study were to simulate low-level Pb exposure scenario in an animal model and to examine reproductive adverse effects. Based on obtained data, we have performed Benchmark dose (BMD)-response modelling. Male Wistar rats were randomized in seven groups (n = 6): one control and six treated with: 0.1, 0.5, 1, 3, 7, and 15 mg Pb/kg body weight, daily for 28 days by oral gavage. The rats were sacrificed and the blood and testes were used for further analysis of testosterone levels in serum, testicular essential metal levels and histological analysis. The Pb treatment led to a dose-dependent decrease of serum testosterone levels with a negative trend (BMDI 0.17-6.13 mg Pb/kg). Increase of Zn (dose-dependent, BMDI 0.004-19.7 mg Pb/kg) and Cu and a decrease of Mn testicular levels were also detected with unscathed histology of the testes. The presented results might be used in further evaluation of the point of departure in human health risk assessment for Pb.


Assuntos
Chumbo , Testículo , Testosterona , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Benchmarking , Chumbo/administração & dosagem , Chumbo/toxicidade , Ratos Wistar , Testículo/química , Testículo/patologia , Testosterona/sangue , Modelos Animais
3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 250: 114502, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603489

RESUMO

Thyroid hormones are essential for fetal growth and neurodevelopment. The recent frequent use of parabens has raised concerns about their endocrine-disrupting potential. However, the effects of maternal paraben exposure on neonatal thyroid hormone levels are still largely unknown. In our study, a co-twin control design was employed to analyze the relationships between maternal paraben exposure and neonatal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) difference. We collected information from 252 mother-twin pairs from a twin birth cohort in Wuhan, China. Concentrations of six parabens were measured in maternal urine samples collected at < 16, 16-28, and > 28 weeks of gestation. Data of neonatal TSH levels were retrieved from medical records. Multiple informant models were applied to explore the time-specific relationships between paraben exposure and intra-twin TSH difference and to determine the susceptible window of exposure. We found that maternal urinary methyl paraben (MeP) during early pregnancy was positively associated with intra-twin TSH difference (%change = 5.96 %; 95 % confidant interval (CI): 0.04 %, 12.2 %). However, no significant differences were observed for exposure to ethyl paraben (EtP) and propyl paraben (PrP), and the associations between parabens and intra-twin TSH difference did not differ materially across pregnancy. Further, a stratified analysis based on twin zygosity and chorionicity and sex types indicated that the positive association between early pregnancy MeP exposure and intra-twin TSH difference was significant in monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) twins of female-female fetuses and dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) twins of opposite-sex. The prospective twin study provides first evidence that MeP exposure in early pregnancy was associated with an increased TSH difference in twin neonates, especially in female fetuses.


Assuntos
Exposição Materna , Parabenos , Tireotropina , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Parabenos/toxicidade , Parabenos/análise , Estudos Prospectivos , Hormônios Tireóideos , Tireotropina/sangue , Gêmeos
4.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 599, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635313

RESUMO

There is a lack of objective tools for monitoring treatment response in extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). This study aimed to explore the utility of inflammatory biomarkers from the dry blood spots (DBS) as a tool for monitoring treatment response in EPTB. In a prospective cohort study, 40 inflammatory biomarkers were investigated in DBS samples from 105 EPTB cases using a Luminex platform. The samples were taken before, and, at the end of the 2nd and 6th months of treatment. A total of 11 inflammatory host biomarkers changed significantly with treatment in all EPTB patients. CXCL9/MIG, CCL20, CCL23, CXCL10/IP-10, CXCL1, CXCL2, and CXCL8 significantly declined in our cohort of EPTB (48 TB pleuritis and 57 TB lymphadenitis) patients at both time points. A biosignature consisting of MIG, CCL23, and CXCL2, corresponded with the treatment response in 81% of patients in the 2nd month and 79% of patients at the end of treatment. MIG, CCL23, IP-10, and CXCL2 changed significantly with treatment in all patients including those showing partial clinical response at the 2nd month of treatment. The changes in the levels of inflammatory biomarkers in the DBS correspond with the treatment success and can be developed as a routine test in low-resource settings.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Pleural , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Quimiocina CXCL10 , Estudos Prospectivos , /diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pleural/sangue , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Teste em Amostras de Sangue Seco , Quimiocinas/sangue
5.
BMC Psychiatry ; 23(1): 28, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that higher growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) level and lower testosterone/ estradiol (T/E) ratio are associated with major depressive disorder (MDD), yet the underlying effect of serum GDF15 on hinting the T/E ratio imbalance is not fully understood. We observed the correlation between serum T/E ratio and circulating GDF15 in male depressed cohort. METHODS: The sample consisted of participants (aged 18 ~ 65 years) from the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University with MDD (n = 412) defined according to a Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-V (SCID), and male healthy controls (n = 137). Serum levels of testosterone, estradiol, and depression risk biomarkers (thyroid hormone, lipids, hs-CRP, Tenascin-C [TNC], GDF15, KLF4, Gas6, and sgp130) were measured. The associations among log-transformed T/E ratio and these biomarkers were analyzed using univariate correlation analysis, category analyses, and linear regression adjusting for standard risk factors. RESULTS: Of the sample, 36.89% had lower T/E ratio (< 10:1) and 10.20% had higher T/E ratio (> 20:1). After multivariable adjustment, T/E ratio was negatively associated with GDF15 (-0.095 [95% CI -0.170 ~ -0.023] standard deviation [SD] change per SD increase in lg[T/E], P = 0.015) and inversely related to TNC (-0.085 [95% CI -0.167 ~ 0.003] standard deviation [SD] change per SD increase in lg[T/E], P = 0.048). Serum T/E ratio was negatively associated with GDF15 level in both FT3, TSH and HDL strata, whereas this association was not observed in TNC. In T/E ratio strata analyses, there is a significant and negative correlation among T/E ratio and GDF15 in depressive patients with sex hormone imbalance, yet this relationship was not investigated in patients with sex hormone balance. CONCLUSION: In our community-based observation, circulating GDF-15 level was greatly and inversely associated with serum T/E ratio, indicating that higher GDF-15 alerts sex hormone imbalance in patients with MDD.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento , Humanos , Masculino , Biomarcadores , Estradiol , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/sangue , Testosterona
6.
J Transl Med ; 21(1): 21, 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growth arrest-specific 6 (GAS6) is a vitamin K-dependent protein related to inflammation, fibrosis, as well as platelet function. Genetic ablation of GAS6 in mice protects against cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction. Nonetheless, the association between plasma GAS6 levels and acute heart failure (AHF) patients is still unknown. METHODS: We measured plasma GAS6 concentrations in 1039 patients with AHF who were enrolled in the DRAGON-HF trial (NCT03727828). Mean follow-up of the study was 889 days. The primary endpoint is all-cause death. RESULTS: In total, there were 195 primary endpoints of all-cause death and 135 secondary endpoints of cardiovascular death during the mean follow-up duration of 889 days. The higher levels of GAS6 were associated with higher rates of all-cause and cardiovascular death (P < 0.05). Baseline plasma GAS6 levels were still strongly correlated with clinical outcomes in different models after adjustment for clinical factors and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP, P < 0.05). GAS6 could further distinguish the risks of clinical outcomes based on NT-proBNP measurement. CONCLUSION: Elevated plasma GAS6 levels were associated with an increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular death in patients with AHF. Trial registration NCT03727828 (DRAGON-HF trial) clinicaltrials.gov.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Biomarcadores , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Prognóstico , Volume Sistólico , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/sangue
7.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 142(1)2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês, Norueguês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655975

RESUMO

Approximately 5 % of the population have highly elevated levels of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), which is a genetically determined risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Measuring lipoprotein(a) can improve cardiovascular risk stratification and have consequences for preventive measures. Treatment is targeted at reducing modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, but Lp(a)-lowering drugs are being trialled. This article reviews the management of lipoprotein(a) in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Lipoproteína(a) , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Fatores de Risco
8.
Clin Nutr ESPEN ; 53: 189-195, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36657913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation and oxidative stress lead to a high risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Food rich in polyphenols such as dark chocolate may be an effective strategy to mitigate inflammation and delay CKD complications, outwith sensorial pleasure promotion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dark chocolate on inflammation and oxidative stress markers in patients with CKD on hemodialysis (HD). METHODS: A clinical trial was carried out with 59 patients who were allocated into the chocolate group [40g of dark chocolate (70% cocoa) offered during HD sessions, 3×/week] or the control group with any intervention for two months. Plasma levels of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 were evaluated by the ELISA method. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances such as malondialdehyde (MDA) and LDLox levels were evaluated as lipid peroxidation markers. Routine biochemical parameters were analysed using commercial BioClin® kits. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients completed the chocolate group (18 men, 53.0 (16) years and 31.0 (39) months on HD) and 11 in the control group (7 men, 48.0 (17.5) years and 44.0 (56.5) months on HD). Regarding the differences between the groups, the patients who received dark chocolate had reduced plasma levels of TNF-α compared to the control (p = 0.008). No significant changes were observed in the oxidative stress parameters evaluated in both groups. Routine biochemical (including phosphorus and potassium levels) and anthropometric parameters and food intake were not changed after the study period. CONCLUSION: The intervention with dark chocolate (70% cocoa) for two months reduced the plasma levels of TNF-α in patients with CKD on HD. In addition, it is essential to emphasise that chocolate intake did not increase the plasma levels of phosphorus and potassium in these patients. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT04600258.


Assuntos
Chocolate , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Humanos , Masculino , Cacau , Inflamação , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso
9.
Vet Res ; 54(1): 4, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694192

RESUMO

In 2019 a low pathogenic H3N1 avian influenza virus (AIV) caused an outbreak in Belgian poultry farms, characterized by an unusually high mortality in chickens. Influenza A viruses of the H1 and H3 subtype can infect pigs and become established in swine populations. Therefore, the H3N1 epizootic raised concern about AIV transmission to pigs and from pigs to humans. Here, we assessed the replication efficiency of this virus in explants of the porcine respiratory tract and in pigs, using virus titration and/or RT-qPCR. We also examined transmission from directly, intranasally inoculated pigs to contact pigs. The H3N1 AIV replicated to moderate titers in explants of the bronchioles and lungs, but not in the nasal mucosa or trachea. In the pig infection study, infectious virus was only detected in a few lung samples collected between 1 and 3 days post-inoculation. Virus titers were between 1.7 and 4.8 log10 TCID50. In line with the ex vivo experiment, no virus was isolated from the upper respiratory tract of pigs. In the transmission experiment, we could not detect virus transmission from directly inoculated to contact pigs. An increase in serum antibody titers was observed only in the inoculated pigs. We conclude that the porcine respiratory tract tissue explants can be a useful tool to assess the replication efficiency of AIVs in pigs. The H3N1 AIV examined here is unlikely to pose a risk to swine populations. However, continuous risk assessment studies of emerging AIVs in pigs are necessary, since different virus strains will have different genotypic and phenotypic traits.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A , Influenza Aviária , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Humanos , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Galinhas , Influenza Aviária/transmissão , Influenza Aviária/virologia , Pulmão , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/transmissão , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/transmissão , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia
10.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 144, 2023 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36599893

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common pruritic inflammatory skin disease with complex environmental and genetic predisposing factors. Primary skin barrier dysfunction and aberrant T helper 2 (TH2) responses to common allergens, together with increased serum IgE antibodies, characterise the disease. B and T cells are essential in the disease manifestation, however, the exact mechanism of how these cells is involved is unclear. Targeting interleukin 4 receptor alpha (IL-4Rα), an IL-4/IL-13 signalling axis, with dupilumab shows efficacy in AD. We investigated the importance of IL-4Rα signalling specifically on B and T cells during acute and chronic models of AD. We used House dust mite (HDM) and Ovalbumin (OVA) in chronic models and a low-calcemic analog of vitamin D (MC903) for acute models of AD. We used mb1creIL-4Rα-/lox, iLCKcreIL-4Rα-/lox, LCKcreIL-4Rα-/lox, CD4creIL-4Rα-/lox, Foxp3creIL-4Rα-/lox and IL-4Rα-/lox littermate controls. IL-4Rα-responsive B cells were essential in serum IgE levels, but not in epidermal thickening in both chronic and acute models. IL-4Rα-responsive T cells were essential in epidermal thickening in the pan-T cell, but not CD4 or CD8 T cells suggesting the importance of γδT cells during acute AD. Our results suggest that IL-4Rα responsiveness on innate T cells regulates acute atopic dermatitis, while on B cells it regulates IgE.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , Dermatite Atópica , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-4 , Células Th2 , Animais , Camundongos , Alérgenos/efeitos adversos , Dermatite Atópica/metabolismo , Dermatite Atópica/patologia , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Knockout , Células Th2/metabolismo , Células Th2/patologia , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/patologia , Receptores de Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-4/metabolismo
11.
Virulence ; 14(1): 2158710, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600180

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to develop an effective and non-invasive nomogram for evaluating liver obvious inflammation in untreated HBeAg positive patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. A nomogram was established on a model cohort of 292 treatment-naïve HBeAg positive patients with normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT ≤40 U/L) at Beijing Ditan Hospital from January 2008 to March 2018. Then the nomogram was prospectively validated in a cohort of 88 patients from July 2019 to May 2021. Calibration curves and Concordance index were used to evaluate the accuracy of prediction and identification performance of the model. In untreated HBeAg positive chronic hepatitis B virus infection patients with normal ALT, the formula for predicting liver inflammation was Logit (P) =-0.91-0.41×log10 (qHBeAg)+0.11×AST-0.01×PLT. The nomogram had C-index of 0.751 (95% CI, 0.688-0.815), indicating a good consistency between prediction and real observation on the model cohort. The validation cohort confirmed its good performance. In this study, liver inflammation nomograms based on HBeAg, AST, and PLT were established and verified in treatment-naïve HBeAg positive chronic HBV patients with normal ALT.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica , Nomogramas , Humanos , DNA Viral , Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Fígado/patologia , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Alanina Transaminase/química
12.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 33(1): 010701, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627978

RESUMO

Introduction: This study determines and compares the concentrations of arginine and methylated arginine products ((asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA), n-monomethyl-1-arginine (L-NMMA) and homoarginine (HA)) for assessment of their association with disease severity in serum samples of COVID-19 patients. Materials and methods: Serum arginine and methylated arginine products of 57 mild-moderate and 29 severe (N = 86) COVID-19 patients and 21 controls were determined by tandem mass spectrometry. Moreover, the concentrations of some of the routine clinical laboratory parameters -neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein, ferritin, D-dimer, and fibrinogen measured during COVID-19 follow-up were also taken into consideration and compared with the concentrations of arginine and methylated arginine products. Results: Serum ADMA, SDMA and L-NMMA were found to be significantly higher in severe COVID-19 patients, than in both mild-moderate patients and the control group (P < 0.001 for each). In addition, multiple logistic regression analysis indicated L-NMMA (cut-off =120 nmol/L OR = 34, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.5-302.0, P= 0.002), CRP (cut-off = 32 mg/L, OR = 37, 95% CI = 4.8-287.0, P < 0.001), and NLR (cut-off = 7, OR = 22, 95% CI = 1.4-335.0, P = 0.020) as independent risk factors for identification of severe patients. Conclusions: The concentration of methylated arginine metabolites are significantly altered in COVID-19 disease. The results of this study indicate a significant correlation between the severity of COVID-19 disease and concentrations of CRP, NLR and L-NMMA.


Assuntos
Arginina , COVID-19 , Humanos , Arginina/sangue , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , ômega-N-Metilarginina
13.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 53(4): 654-660, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36640066

RESUMO

Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is specific to myocardial tissue, highly conserved across taxa, and a reliable indicator of myocardial disease in human and veterinary medicine. Biomarkers, like cTnI, may be useful for cardiac evaluation of elephants because the application of other modalities is complicated by the size of the animal. The goal of this study was to establish observed ranges for plasma cTnI in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) measured by two point-of-care analyzers. Blood was collected from captive juvenile (≤15 yr; n = 9), adult (16-50 yr; n = 42), and geriatric (>50 yr; n = 16) elephants. Following centrifugation, heparinized plasma was stored at 5°C prior to and in between analyses on iSTAT (Abbott Point of Care Inc, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA) and HUBI-QUANpro (Humiasis Co, Ltd, Anyang-si 14042, South Korea) analyzers. With the exception of two results, plasma concentrations of cTnI were below the limit of quantification (LOQ < 0.05 ng/ml) for the HUBI-QUANpro (n = 64), which prohibited comparison between the two analyzers. Observed ranges were determined for plasma cTnI concentrations reported by the iSTAT for the entire population sampled (n = 58; mean 0.011 ng/ml; SD ± 0.013 ng/ml; range 0.00-0.07 ng/ml; 95% CI 0.008-0.015 ng/ml; median 0.01 ng/ml) and with outliers excluded (n = 50; mean 0.007 ng/ml; SD ± 0.007 ng/ml; range 0.00-0.02 ng/ml; 95% CI 0.005-0.009 ng/ml; median 0.01 ng/ml). No significant differences were observed between age classes (P = 0.70) or sexes (P = 0.34). Higher cTnI concentrations were significantly correlated with increasing age (Pearson's r = 0.426; P = 0.002). Future studies are warranted to investigate the diagnostic potential of plasma cTnI in Asian elephants.


Assuntos
Elefantes , Troponina I , Animais , Biomarcadores , Elefantes/sangue , Miocárdio , Plasma , Troponina I/sangue
14.
PeerJ ; 11: e14609, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643628

RESUMO

Background: The optimal levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are not currently clear. In this study, we determined the relationship between various mean LDL-C and all-cause or cardiovascular mortality risks in patients with T2D, stratifying by albumin level, age, sex, and antilipid medication use. We also evaluated the association of LDL-C standard deviation (LDL-C-SD) and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality by type of antilipid medication use. Methods: A total of 46,675 T2D patients with a prescription for antidiabetic agents >6 months from outpatient visits (2003-2018) were linked to Taiwan's National Death Registry to identify all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. The Poisson assumption was used to estimate mortality rates, and the Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to assess the relative hazards of respective mortality in relation to mean LDL-C in patient cohorts by albumin level, age, sex, and antilipid use adjusting for medications, comorbidities, and laboratory results. We also determined the overall, and anti-lipid-specific mortality rates and relative hazards of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality associated with LDL-C-SD using the Poisson assumption and Cox proportional hazard regression model, respectively. Results: All-cause and cardiovascular mortality rates were the lowest in T2D patients with a mean LDL-C > 90-103.59 mg/dL in the normal albumin group (≥ 3.5 g/dL). Compared to T2D patients with a mean LDL-C > 90-103.59 mg/dL, those with a mean LDL-C ≤ 77 mg/dL had an elevated risk of all-cause mortality in both the normal and lower albumin groups. T2D patients with a mean LDL-C ≤ 90 and > 103.59-119 mg/dL had relatively higher risk of cardiovascular mortality in the normal albumin group, but in the lower albumin group (<3.5 g/dL), any level of mean LDL-C ≤ 119 mg/dL was not significantly associated with cardiovascular mortality. Increased risks of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality were observed in patients with a mean LDL-C ≤ 77 mg/dL in both sexes and in all age groups except in those aged <50 years, a lower mean LDL-C was not associated with cardiovascular mortality. Similarly, patients with an LDL-C-SD <10th and > 90th percentiles were associated with significant risks of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. In statin users, but not fibrate users, lower and higher levels of mean LDL-C and LDL-C-SD were both associated with elevated risks of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Conclusions: The optimal level of LDL-C was found to be >90-103.59 mg/dL in T2D patients. Lower and higher levels of mean LDL-C and LDL-C-SD were associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, revealing U-shaped associations. Further studies are necessary to validate the relationship between optimal LDL-C levels and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with diabetes.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , LDL-Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
PeerJ ; 11: e14440, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643631

RESUMO

Background: Plasma S100A1 protein is a novel inflammatory biomarker associated with acute myocardial infarction and neurodegenerative disease's pathophysiological mechanisms. This study aimed to determine the levels of this protein in patients with acute ischemic stroke early in the disease progression and to investigate its role in the pathogenesis of acute ischemic stroke. Methods: A total of 192 participants from hospital stroke centers were collected for the study. Clinically pertinent data were recorded. The volume of the cerebral infarction was calculated according to the Pullicino formula. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to select independent influences. ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic value of AIS and TIA. The correlation between S100A1, NF-κB p65, and IL-6 levels and cerebral infarction volume was detected by Pearson correlation analysis. Results: There were statistically significant differences in S100A1, NF-κB p65, and IL-6 among the AIS,TIA, and PE groups (S100A1, [230.96 ± 39.37] vs [185.85 ± 43.24] vs [181.47 ± 27.39], P < 0.001; NF-κB p65, [3.99 ± 0.65] vs [3.58 ± 0.74] vs [3.51 ± 0.99], P = 0.001; IL-6, [13.32 ± 1.57] vs [11.61 ± 1.67] vs [11.42 ± 2.34], P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that S100A1 might be an independent predictive factor for the diagnosis of disease (P < 0.001). The AUC of S100A1 for diagnosis of AIS was 0.818 (P < 0.001, 95% CI [0.749-0.887], cut off 181.03, Jmax 0.578, Se 95.0%, Sp 62.7%). The AUC of S100A1 for diagnosis of TIA was 0.720 (P = 0.001, 95% CI [0.592-0.848], cut off 150.14, Jmax 0.442, Se 50.0%, Sp 94.2%). There were statistically significant differences in S100A1, NF-κB p65, and IL-6 among the SCI,MCI, and LCI groups (S100A1, [223.98 ± 40.21] vs [225.42 ± 30.92] vs [254.25 ± 37.07], P = 0.001; NF-κB p65, [3.88 ± 0.66] vs [3.85 ± 0.64] vs [4.41 ± 0.45], P < 0.001; IL-6, [13.27 ± 1.65] vs [12.77 ± 1.31] vs [14.00 ± 1.40], P = 0.007). Plasma S100A1, NF-κB p65, and IL-6 were significantly different from cerebral infarction volume (S100A1, r = 0.259, P = 0.002; NF-κB p65, r = 0.316, P < 0.001; IL-6, r = 0.177, P = 0.036). There was a positive correlation between plasma S100A1 and IL-6 with statistical significance (R = 0.353, P < 0.001). There was no significant positive correlation between plasma S100A1 and NF-κB p65 (R < 0.3), but there was statistical significance (R = 0.290, P < 0.001). There was a positive correlation between IL-6 and NF-κB p65 with statistical significance (R = 0.313, P < 0.001). Conclusion: S100A1 might have a better diagnostic efficacy for AIS and TIA. S100A1 was associated with infarct volume in AIS, and its level reflected the severity of acute cerebral infarction to a certain extent. There was a correlation between S100A1 and IL-6 and NF-κB p65, and it was reasonable to speculate that this protein might mediate the inflammatory response through the NF-κB pathway during the pathophysiology of AIS.


Assuntos
Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , AVC Isquêmico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Proteínas S100 , Humanos , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico , Interleucina-6 , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico , AVC Isquêmico/sangue , AVC Isquêmico/diagnóstico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas S100/sangue
16.
Immunohorizons ; 7(1): 97-105, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645852

RESUMO

Although the effectiveness of vaccination at preventing hospitalization and severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been reported in numerous studies, the detailed mechanism of innate immunity occurring in host cells by breakthrough infection is unclear. One hundred forty-six patients were included in this study. To determine the effects of vaccination and past infection on innate immunity following SARS-CoV-2 infection, we analyzed the relationship between anti-SARS-CoV-2 S Abs and biomarkers associated with the deterioration of COVID-19 (IFN-λ3, C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, ferritin, procalcitonin, and D-dimer). Anti-S Abs were classified into two groups according to titer: high titer (≥250 U/ml) and low titer (<250 U/ml). A negative correlation was observed between anti-SARS-CoV-2 S Abs and IFN-λ3 levels (r = -0.437, p < 0.001). A low titer of anti-SARS-CoV-2 S Abs showed a significant association with oxygen demand in patients, excluding aspiration pneumonia. Finally, in a multivariate analysis, a low titer of anti-SARS-CoV-2 S Abs was an independent risk factor for oxygen demand, even after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, aspiration pneumonia, and IFN-λ3 levels. In summary, measuring anti-SARS-CoV-2 S Abs and IFN-λ3 may have clinical significance for patients with COVID-19. To predict the oxygen demand of patients with COVID-19 after hospitalization, it is important to evaluate the computed tomography findings to determine whether the pneumonia is the result of COVID-19 or aspiration pneumonia.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19 , Interferons , Oxigênio , Humanos , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/terapia , Oxigênio/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia Aspirativa , SARS-CoV-2 , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Interferons/imunologia
17.
Eur J Med Res ; 28(1): 16, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthotopic heart transplantation (HTX) is the gold standard to treat end-stage heart failure. Numerous risk stratification tools have been developed in the past years. However, their clinical utility is limited by their poor discriminative ability. High sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) is the most specific biomarker to detect myocardial cell injury. However, its prognostic relevance after HTX is not fully elucidated. Thus, this study evaluated the predictive value of postoperative hsTnT for 1-year survival and days alive and out of hospital (DAOH) after HTX. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients who underwent HTX at the University Hospital Duesseldorf, Germany between 2011 and 2021. The main exposure was hsTnT concentration at 48 h after HTX. The primary endpoints were mortality and DAOH within 1 year after surgery. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, logistic regression model and linear regression with adjustment for risk index for mortality prediction after cardiac transplantation (IMPACT) were performed. RESULTS: Out of 231 patients screened, 212 were included into analysis (mean age 55 ± 11 years, 73% male). One-year mortality was 19.7% (40 patients) and median DAOH was 298 days (229-322). ROC analysis revealed strongest discrimination for mortality by hsTnT at 48 h after HTX [AUC = 0.79 95% CI 0.71-0.87]. According to Youden Index, the cutoff for hsTnT at 48 h and mortality was 1640 ng/l. After adjustment for IMPACT score multivariate logistic and linear regression showed independent associations between hsTnT and mortality/DAOH with odds ratio of 8.10 [95%CI 2.99-21.89] and unstandardized regression coefficient of -1.54 [95%CI -2.02 to -1.06], respectively. CONCLUSION: Postoperative hsTnT might be suitable as an early prognostic marker after HTX and is independently associated with 1-year mortality and poor DAOH.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Transplante de Coração , Troponina T , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hospitais , Miocárdio/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Troponina T/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(2)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36675141

RESUMO

EBV and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) cause highly prevalent persistent infections as early as in childhood. Both pathogens are associated with gastric carcinogenesis. H. pylori interferes with iron metabolism, enhancing the synthesis of acute-phase proteins hepcidin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and α-1 glycoprotein (AGP), but we do not know whether EBV does the same. In this study, we correlated the EBV antibody levels and the serum levels of hepcidin, CRP, and AGP in 145 children from boarding schools in Mexico City. We found that children IgG positive to EBV antigens (VCA, EBNA1, and EA) presented hepcidin, AGP, and CRP levels higher than uninfected children. Hepcidin and AGP remained high in children solely infected with EBV, while CRP was only significantly high in coinfected children. We observed positive correlations between hepcidin and EBV IgG antibodies (p < 0.5). Using the TCGA gastric cancer database, we also observed an association between EBV and hepcidin upregulation. The TCGA database also allowed us to analyze the two important pathways controlling hepcidin expression, BMP-SMAD and IL-1ß/IL-6. We observed only the IL-1ß/IL-6-dependent inflammatory pathway being significantly associated with EBV infection. We showed here for the first time an association between EBV and enhanced levels of hepcidin. Further studies should consider EBV when evaluating iron metabolism and anemia, and whether in the long run this is an important mechanism of undernourishment and EBV gastric carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas , Criança , Humanos , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/sangue , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/metabolismo , Helicobacter pylori/metabolismo , Hepcidinas/metabolismo , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia
19.
BMC Neurol ; 23(1): 39, 2023 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis (CAS) is a significant factor in the development of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Previous studies have reported that cytokines are involved in atherosclerotic diseases, although the relationship between serum levels of the chemokine RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted) and the presence of CAS remains unclear. METHODS: In total, 127 participants (65 non-AIS controls and 62 patients with AIS) were involved in this study. CAS was defined as the presence of ≥ 50% stenosis in major intracranial or extracranial artery by a Digital Substraction Angiography (DSA) examination, and we classified all participants into four groups according to stroke and CAS status. Serum concentrations of 8 cytokines, including RANTES, were measured by the Human ProcartaPlex Multiplex Immunoassay Kit. RESULTS: Seventy-eight participants (61.41%) had CAS, of which 39 cases with AIS and 39 case with non-AIS. Patients with CAS had higher RANTES levels compared to non-CAS patients in both the non-AIS group (10.54 ± 0.80 vs. 13.20 ± 0.71, p = 0.016) and stroke group (11.96 ± 0.87 vs. 15.03 ± 0.75, p = 0.011), and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the RANTES level is independently associated with CAS in both the non-AIS group (adjusted odds ratio (OR), 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.12, P = 0.004) and stroke group (adjusted OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.10-1.58, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Patients with CAS have higher levels of serum RANTES than non-CAS patients regardless of stroke status suggesting that RANTES may play an important role in the formation of CAS.


Assuntos
Estenose das Carótidas , Quimiocina CCL5 , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana , AVC Isquêmico , Humanos , Estenose das Carótidas/complicações , Estenose das Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Constrição Patológica , Citocinas , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/complicações , AVC Isquêmico/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Quimiocina CCL5/sangue
20.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 117: e220072, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36700578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) often present with coagulopathies and have high titres of circulating antibodies against viral proteins. OBJECTIVES: Herein, we evaluated the association between D-dimer and circulating immunoglobulin levels against viral proteins in patients at different clinical stages of COVID-19. METHODS: For this, we performed a cross-sectional study involving patients of the first wave of COVID-19 clinically classified as oligosymptomatic (n = 22), severe (n = 30), cured (n = 27) and non-infected (n = 9). Next, we measured in the plasma samples the total and fraction of immunoglobulins against the nucleoprotein (NP) and the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the spike proteins by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) assays. FINDINGS: Patients with severe disease had a coagulation disorder with high levels of D-dimer as well as circulating IgG against the NP but not the RBD compared to other groups of patients. In addition, high levels of D-dimer and IgG against the NP and RBD were associated with disease severity among the patients in this study. MAIN CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that IgG against NP and RBD participates in the worsening of COVID-19. Although the humoral response against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is partially understood, and more efforts are needed to clarify gaps in the knowledge of this process.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea , COVID-19 , Imunidade Humoral , Humanos , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , COVID-19/imunologia , Estudos Transversais , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , SARS-CoV-2 , Proteínas Virais
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