Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.381.329
Filtrar
1.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 26(3): 630-643, mar. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-230793

RESUMO

Purpose Metabolic reprogramming is a novel hallmark and therapeutic target of cancer. Our study aimed to establish fatty acid metabolism-associated scores based on gene signature and investigated its effects on immunotherapy in colon cancer. Methods Gene expression and clinical information were collected from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to identify a gene signature by non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) clustering and Cox regression analysis. Subsequently, we constructed the fatty acid metabolism score (FA-score) model by principal component analysis (PCA) and explored its relativity of prognosis and the response to immunotherapy in colon cancer. Finally, the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database was introduced and in vitro study was performed for verification. Results The FA-score-high group had a higher level of fatty acid metabolism and was associated with worse patient overall survival. Significantly, FA-score correlated closely with the biomarkers of immunotherapy, and the FA-score-high group had a poorer therapeutic efficacy of immune checkpoint blockade. In vitro experiments demonstrated that ACSL5 may be a critical metabolic regulatory target. Conclusions Our study provided a comprehensive analysis of the heterogeneity of fatty acid metabolism in colon cancer. We highlighted the potential clinical utility of fatty acid metabolism-related genes to be biomarkers of colon cancer prognosis and targets to improve the effect of immunotherapy (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/terapia , Imunoterapia/métodos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Ácidos Graxos , Prognóstico
2.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 26(3): 774-785, mar. 2024. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-230807

RESUMO

Purpose Uric acid (UA) plays a dual role as an antioxidant and a prooxidant in patients with malignant tumors; however, the relationship between serum UA and malignancy is currently unclear. This study aims to investigate the prognostic value of serum uric acid level before immunotherapy on the efficacy of primary liver cancer (PLC) immunotherapy, which might provide a basis for optimizing the comprehensive treatment scheme. Methods Patients with PLC who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical College from January 2019 to June 2022 and underwent immunotherapy were collected retrospectively. The difference between serum UA levels in patients with PLC, the correlation between serum UA levels, and the clinical characteristics of patients with PLC were analyzed using the chi-square test, and the survival was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier analysis. To further assess the prognostic significance of UA concentrations, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed. Results Ninety-nine patients were included in this study cohort. The median follow-up was 7 months (range: 1–29 months), and 76 (76.8%) of the 99 patients with PLC died as of December 31, 2022. Serum UA concentrations ranged from 105 to 670 μmol/l, with a median of 269 μmol/l. The results showed that the serum UA level of patients with PLC was higher than that of healthy subjects (P < 0.001). After subgroup analyses, only male patients with liver cancer had higher serum UA levels than healthy men (P = 0.001). The results of the Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that higher UA levels were associated with poor overall survival (OS) (P = 0.005) (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Imunoterapia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico
3.
Nature ; 626(8000): 827-835, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355791

RESUMO

Individuals differ widely in their immune responses, with age, sex and genetic factors having major roles in this inherent variability1-6. However, the variables that drive such differences in cytokine secretion-a crucial component of the host response to immune challenges-remain poorly defined. Here we investigated 136 variables and identified smoking, cytomegalovirus latent infection and body mass index as major contributors to variability in cytokine response, with effects of comparable magnitudes with age, sex and genetics. We find that smoking influences both innate and adaptive immune responses. Notably, its effect on innate responses is quickly lost after smoking cessation and is specifically associated with plasma levels of CEACAM6, whereas its effect on adaptive responses persists long after individuals quit smoking and is associated with epigenetic memory. This is supported by the association of the past smoking effect on cytokine responses with DNA methylation at specific signal trans-activators and regulators of metabolism. Our findings identify three novel variables associated with cytokine secretion variability and reveal roles for smoking in the short- and long-term regulation of immune responses. These results have potential clinical implications for the risk of developing infections, cancers or autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Imunidade Adaptativa , Fumar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Imunidade Adaptativa/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunidade Adaptativa/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/etiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/imunologia , Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Citomegalovirus/patogenicidade , Citomegalovirus/fisiologia , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Infecções/etiologia , Infecções/imunologia , Neoplasias/etiologia , Neoplasias/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/sangue , Fumar/genética , Fumar/imunologia
5.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 78, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) that contributes to mortality. Sclerostin, a SOST gene product that reduces osteoblastic bone formation by inhibiting Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, is involved in arterial stiffness and CKD-bone mineral disease, but scanty evidence to PH. This study explored the relationship between sclerostin and PH in CKD 5, pre-dialysis end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional prospective observational cohort study included 44 pre-dialysis ESKD patients between May 2011 and May 2015. Circulating sclerostin levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. PH was defined as an estimated pulmonary artery systolic pressure > 35 mmHg on echocardiography. RESULTS: Patients with higher sclerostin levels ≥ 218.18pmol/L had echocardiographic structural cardiac abnormalities, especially PH (P < 0.01). On multivariate logistic analysis, sclerostin over 218.19pmol/L was significantly associated with PH (odds ratio [OR], 41.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.53-373.89, P < 0.01), but multivariate Cox regression analysis showed the systemic vascular calcification score over 1 point (Hazard ratio [HR] 11.49 95% CI 2.48-53.14, P = 0.002) and PH ([HR] 5.47, 95% CI 1.30-23.06, P = 0.02) were risk factors for all-cause mortality in pre-dialysis ESKD patients. CONCLUSIONS: Serum sclerostin and PH have a positive correlation in predialysis ESKD patients. The higher systemic vascular calcification score and PH have an association to increase all-cause mortality in pre-dialysis ESKD patients.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Falência Renal Crônica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Calcificação Vascular , Humanos , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas , Estudos Transversais , Diálise/efeitos adversos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Renal/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/sangue
6.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 147, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship of testosterone and estradiol concentrations with cognitive function among community-dwelling older men was inconclusive. To examine the association of serum testosterone and estradiol concentrations with cognitive function in older men with or without vascular risk factors (VRFs). METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 224 community-dwelling men aged 65-90 years in the Songjiang District of Shanghai, China. Serum testosterone and estradiol were measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The following five factors were defined as VRFs in this study: obesity, history of hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Multivariable linear regression was used to examine the association of testosterone and estradiol with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in participants with or without VRF. Restricted cubic spline (RCS) regression was performed to account for the nonlinearity of these associations. RESULTS: An inverted "U" shaped non-linear relationship was found between testosterone concentration and MMSE score in men with one VRF (P overall =.003, non-linear P =.002). Estradiol showed an inverted "U" shaped non-linear relationship with MMSE score independent of VRFs (men without VRF, P overall =.049, non-linear P =.015; men with one VRF, overall P =.007, non-linear P =.003; men with two or more VRFs, overall P =.009, non-linear P =.005). CONCLUSION: In older men, an optimal level of sex steroid concentration may be beneficial to cognitive function and the VRFs should be considered when interpreting the relationship between sex steroid and cognitive function.


Assuntos
Cognição , Estradiol , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estradiol/sangue , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Vida Independente , Fatores de Risco , Testosterona
7.
N Engl J Med ; 390(9): 783-794, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Effective treatments for patients with primary biliary cholangitis are limited. Seladelpar, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta agonist, has potential benefits. METHODS: In this phase 3, 12-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned (in a 2:1 ratio) patients who had had an inadequate response to or who had a history of unacceptable side effects with ursodeoxycholic acid to receive oral seladelpar at a dose of 10 mg daily or placebo. The primary end point was a biochemical response, which was defined as an alkaline phosphatase level less than 1.67 times the upper limit of the normal range, with a decrease of 15% or more from baseline, and a normal total bilirubin level at month 12. Key secondary end points were normalization of the alkaline phosphatase level at month 12 and a change in the score on the pruritus numerical rating scale (range, 0 [no itch] to 10 [worst itch imaginable]) from baseline to month 6 among patients with a baseline score of at least 4 (indicating moderate-to-severe pruritus). RESULTS: Of the 193 patients who underwent randomization and treatment, 93.8% received ursodeoxycholic acid as standard-of-care background therapy. A greater percentage of the patients in the seladelpar group than in the placebo group had a biochemical response (61.7% vs. 20.0%; difference, 41.7 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], 27.7 to 53.4, P<0.001). Normalization of the alkaline phosphatase level also occurred in a greater percentage of patients who received seladelpar than of those who received placebo (25.0% vs. 0%; difference, 25.0 percentage points; 95% CI, 18.3 to 33.2, P<0.001). Seladelpar resulted in a greater reduction in the score on the pruritus numerical rating scale than placebo (least-squares mean change from baseline, -3.2 vs. -1.7; least-squares mean difference, -1.5; 95% CI, -2.5 to -0.5, P = 0.005). Adverse events were reported in 86.7% of the patients in the seladelpar group and in 84.6% in the placebo group, and serious adverse events in 7.0% and 6.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial involving patients with primary biliary cholangitis, the percentage of patients who had a biochemical response and alkaline phosphatase normalization was significantly greater with seladelpar than with placebo. Seladelpar also significantly reduced pruritus among patients who had moderate-to-severe pruritus at baseline. The incidence and severity of adverse events were similar in the two groups. (Funded by CymaBay Therapeutics; RESPONSE ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04620733; EudraCT number, 2020-004348-27.).


Assuntos
Acetatos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais , Cirrose Hepática Biliar , Humanos , Acetatos/administração & dosagem , Acetatos/efeitos adversos , Acetatos/uso terapêutico , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Método Duplo-Cego , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/sangue , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/complicações , Cirrose Hepática Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Prurido/etiologia , Prurido/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Ursodesoxicólico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Ursodesoxicólico/uso terapêutico , PPAR delta/agonistas , Administração Oral , Bilirrubina/sangue , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Colagogos e Coleréticos/administração & dosagem , Colagogos e Coleréticos/efeitos adversos , Colagogos e Coleréticos/uso terapêutico
8.
PeerJ ; 12: e16845, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304191

RESUMO

Objective: DJ-1 is an oncoprotein secreted by cancer cells. However, the physiological and pathological significance of DJ-1 secretion is not clearly understood. This study investigated the clinical value of serum DJ-1 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Methods: The study involved 224 LUAD patients, 110 patients with benign pulmonary disease and 100 healthy controls from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. We detected the expression of DJ-1 in lung cell lines in vitro. Meanwhile, serum concentrations of DJ-1, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA21-1) were measured. The diagnostic performance of LUAD was obtained using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Kaplan-Meier, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed for progression-free survival (PFS). Results: DJ-1 was highly expressed in LUAD cell lines. Serum DJ-1 levels were significantly higher in the LUAD group compared to the benign pulmonary disease group (5.04 vs. 3.66 ng/mL, P < 0.001) and healthy controls (5.04 vs. 3.51 ng/mL, P < 0.001). DJ-1 levels were associated with gender (P = 0.002), smoking history (P = 0.042) and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.040). ROC curve analysis of DJ-1 revealed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.758 (95% CI [0.714-0.803], P < 0.001) with a sensitivity of 63.8% and specificity of 78.6% at a cutoff value of 4.62 ng/mL for the detection of LUAD. Univariate and multivariate analyses confirmed that the preoperative serum DJ-1 level, tumor stage and smoking history were independent prognostic factors of PFS. Conclusion: Our study is the first to explore the clinical value of serum DJ-1 in LUAD comprehensively. Serum DJ-1 could be a potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1 , Humanos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/sangue , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Antígenos de Neoplasias/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Queratina-19/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1/sangue
9.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 164, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307869

RESUMO

miR-Blood is a high-quality, small RNA expression atlas for the major components of human peripheral blood (plasma, erythrocytes, thrombocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, natural killer cells, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, and B cells). Based on the purified blood components from 52 individuals, the dataset provides a comprehensive repository for the expression of 4971 small RNAs from eight non-coding RNA classes.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Humanos , Eosinófilos , Eritrócitos , MicroRNAs/sangue , Monócitos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo
11.
JAMA ; 331(5): 417-424, 2024 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38319333

RESUMO

Importance: Approximately 12 million adults in the US have a history of gout, but whether serum urate levels can help predict recurrence is unclear. Objective: To assess associations of a single serum urate measurement with subsequent risk of acute gout flares and subsequent risk of hospitalizations for gout among patients in the UK with a history of gout. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study included patients with a history of gout identified from the UK between 2006 and 2010 who were followed up through Primary Care Linked Data medical record linkage until 2017 and through the Hospital Episode Statistics database until 2020. Exposures: Serum urate levels at enrollment. Main Outcome and Measure: Rate of recurrent acute gout, ascertained by hospitalization, outpatient, and prescription/procedure records, and adjusted rate ratios using negative binomial regressions. Results: Among 3613 patients with gout (mean age, 60 years; 3104 [86%] men), 1773 gout flares occurred over a mean follow-up of 8.3 years. Of these, 1679 acute gout flares (95%) occurred in people with baseline serum urate greater than or equal to 6 mg/dL and 1731 (98%) occurred in people with baseline serum urate greater than or equal to 5 mg/dL. Rates of acute gout flares per 1000 person-years were 10.6 for participants with baseline urate levels less than 6 mg/dL, 40.1 for levels of 6.0 to 6.9 mg/dL, 82.0 for levels of 7.0 to 7.9 mg/dL, 101.3 for levels of 8.0 to 8.9 mg/dL, 125.3 for urate levels of 9.0 to 9.9 mg/dL, and 132.8 for levels greater than or equal to 10 mg/dL. Rate ratio of flares were 1.0, 3.37, 6.93, 8.67, 10.81, and 11.42, respectively, over 10 years (1.61 [1.54-1.68] per mg/dL). Rates of hospitalization per 1000 person-years during follow-up were 0.18 for those with baseline serum urate less than 6 mg/dL, 0.97 for serum urate of 6.0 to 6.9 mg/dL, 1.8 for serum urate of 7.0 to 7.9 mg/dL, 2.2 for serum urate of 8.0 to 8.9 mg/dL, 6.7 for serum urate of 9.0 to 9.9 mg/dL, and 9.7 for serum urate greater than or equal to 10 mg/dL. Rate ratios of hospitalization for gout, adjusting for age, sex, and race were 1.0, 4.70, 8.94, 10.37, 33.92, and 45.29, respectively (1.87 [1.57-2.23] per mg/dL). Conclusions and Relevance: In this retrospective study of patients with a history of gout, serum urate levels at baseline were associated with the risk of subsequent gout flares and rates of hospitalization for recurrent gout. These findings support using a baseline serum urate level to assess risk of recurrent gout over nearly 10 years of follow-up.


Assuntos
Gota , Ácido Úrico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Gota/sangue , Gota/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Recidiva , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco , Seguimentos , Exacerbação dos Sintomas
13.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 165, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308214

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To improve the prognosis of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), investigating predictive biomarkers of their prognosis and chemotherapeutic responsiveness is necessary. This study aimed to analyze the clinical significance of serum proteinase-3 (PRTN3) as a predictor for prognosis and chemosensitivity, especially to bevacizumab therapy, in mCRC. METHODS: This single-center retrospective observational study enrolled 79 patients with mCRC in our hospital and 353 patients with colorectal cancer in the TCGA database. Preoperative serum PRTN3 levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis according to serum PRTN3 levels were then evaluated. PRTN3 expression in tumor and stromal cells was evaluated immunohistochemically. The impact of PRTN3 levels on angiogenesis and bevacizumab sensitivity was evaluated using the tube formation assay. RESULTS: Serum PRTN3 levels were an independent poor prognostic factor for progression-free survival (PFS) (hazard ratio, 2.082; 95% confidence interval, 1.118-3.647; P=0.010) in patients with mCRC. Similarly, prognostic analysis with TCGA data sets showed poorer overall survival in patients with PRTN3 expression than that in patients without PRTN3 expression, especially in patients with stage IV. Immunohistochemical analysis of resected specimens revealed that stromal neutrophils expressed PRTN3, and their expression level was significantly correlated with serum PRTN3 levels. Interestingly, the effectiveness of first-line chemotherapy was significantly poorer in the high serum PRTN3 level group. High serum PRTN3 was significantly associated with poor PFS (hazard ratio, 3.027; 95% confidence interval, 1.175-7.793; P=0.0161) in patients treated with bevacizumab, an anti-angiogenic inhibitor. The tube formation assay revealed that PRTN3 administration notably augmented angiogenesis while simultaneously attenuating the anti-angiogenic influence exerted by bevacizumab therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Serum PRTN3 levels could be a novel predictive biomarker of PFS of first-line chemotherapy, especially for bevacizumab therapy, in patients with mCRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Mieloblastina , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Fluoruracila , Peptídeo Hidrolases , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloblastina/sangue
15.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1304167, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38304428

RESUMO

Introduction: We aimed to investigate the relationship between nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) protein expression levels, lupus nephritis (LN) disease activity, and the degree of renal injury (based on the estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR]) in patients with LN. Methods: We selected 40 healthy control participants and 102 patients with LN who were treated in the Second Hospital of Jilin University, China, for inclusion in this study. Patients with LN were classified into LN with high-eGFR and LN with low-eGFR groups. Nrf2 protein levels were measured in the serum and renal tissues of the participants in both groups to assess the correlation between Nrf2 protein levels and different LN disease states. Results: There was a significantly positive correlation between serum Nrf2 protein levels, the degree of renal injury, and systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) scores in patients with LN. Nrf2 protein levels were higher in the LN with high-eGFR group than in the healthy control and LN with low-eGFR groups. In follow-up patients in the LN high eGFR group, Nrf2 protein levels decreased significantly after remission of disease activity. Conclusion: Nrf2 protein expression has a dual role in patients with LN. Nrf2 protein levels not only correlate with disease activity in patients with LN, but also with the degree of kidney injury. Before implementing targeted therapy for Nrf2, evaluating both Nrf2 protein expression and the disease state in patients with LN is necessary to better identify and place each patient in an appropriate patient group.


Assuntos
Nefrite Lúpica , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Insuficiência Renal , Humanos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Rim/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/sangue , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/sangue , Insuficiência Renal/patologia
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338974

RESUMO

Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has increased with the aging of the population, but the outcome for elderly SAH patients is very poor. Therefore, predicting the outcome is important for determining whether to pursue aggressive treatment. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a matricellular protein that is induced in the brain, and the plasma levels could be used as a biomarker for the severity of metabolic diseases. This study investigated whether acute-phase plasma PEDF levels could predict outcomes after aneurysmal SAH in the elderly. Plasma samples and clinical variables were collected over 1-3 days, post-SAH, from 56 consecutive elderly SAH patients ≥75 years of age registered in nine regional stroke centers in Japan between September 2013 and December 2016. The samples and variables were analyzed in terms of 3-month outcomes. Acute-phase plasma PEDF levels were significantly elevated in patients with ultimately poor outcomes, and the cutoff value of 12.6 µg/mL differentiated 3-month outcomes with high sensitivity (75.6%) and specificity (80.0%). Acute-phase plasma PEDF levels of ≥12.6 µg/mL were an independent and possibly better predictor of poor outcome than previously reported clinical variables. Acute-phase plasma PEDF levels may serve as the first biomarker to predict 3-month outcomes and to select elderly SAH patients who should be actively treated.


Assuntos
Serpinas , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Idoso , Humanos , Biomarcadores , Proteínas do Olho , Fatores de Crescimento Neural , Serpinas/sangue , Serpinas/química , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/sangue , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Hematology ; 29(1): 2314871, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346146

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of the dead space in disposable blood sampling needle on activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), FVIII level and pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles in children with hemophilia. METHODS: Children (<18 years) with severe hemophilia A were enrolled. After three days' washout-period, blood samples were collected at pre-dose, 1 h, 3 h, 9 h, 24 h and 48 h post-infusion. At each timepoint, two 2 mL vacuum tubes with 3.2% trisodium citrate were used. The first tube was signed as 'non-standard' (NS) and the second tube was signed as 'standard' (S). FVIII activities were evaluated by one-stage assay. WAPPS-Hemo was used to generate PK profiles like half-life time (t1/2), clearance (CL), trough level and time to 1, 2 and 5IU/dL after a dose of 50 ± 10IU/dL. The FVIII activities at 9 h and 24 h post-infusion were put into WAPPS and thus brought four combinations by true or biased FVIII level that used. RESULT: Compared with standard-collected blood samples, prolonged APTT results (P-values < 0.01) and decreased FVIII activity (P-values < 0.05) were revealed in those non-standard blood samples. The corresponding bias was in positive relation to both APTT-S (r = 0.44, P < 0.0001) and FVIII-S level(r = 0.68, P < 0.001). The FVIII bias percentage got larger as FVIII-S level reduced (r = -0.24, P < 0.01). During the four combinations of FVIII activity at 9 h and 24 h, statistically longer t1/2, lower CL and longer time to 1, 2 or 5IU/dL were observed in 9H-S&24H-S group and 9H-NS&24H-S group. CONCLUSION: While using vacuum tubes for clotting indicators and PK profiles, the dead space of blood sampling needle should be eliminated in advance.


Assuntos
Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas , Fator VIII , Hemofilia A , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Criança , Humanos , Coagulação Sanguínea , Fator VIII/farmacocinética , Meia-Vida , Hemofilia A/sangue , Hemofilia A/diagnóstico , Agulhas , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial/normas , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/normas
18.
Brain Behav ; 14(2): e3421, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346720

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The number of studies conducted on the role of neuroinflammation in the etiopathogenesis of bipolar disorder has been increasing in recent years. The role of Galectin-1, Galectin-9, and YKL-40, which are considered to play roles in neuroinflammation and the etiopathogenesis of bipolar disorder, and the relationship of these parameters with cognitive functions were investigated in the present study. METHOD: Serum Galectin-1, Galectin-9, and YKL-40 levels were measured with the ELISA Method in 64 bipolar euthymic patients and 64 healthy controls. The Stroop and trail-making tests were administered to assess cognitive functions in all participants. RESULTS: Serum Galectin-1, Galectin-9, and YKL-40 levels were statistically and significantly lower in the patient group when compared to the healthy control group. The scores of the Stroop test and trail-making tests were statistically higher in the patient group than in the healthy control group. There was a weak and positive correlation between serum Galectin-1, Galectin-9, and YKL-40 levels and cognitive performance in all participants. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Statistically significant low levels of serum Galectin-1, Galectin-9, and YKL-40 detected in the patient group suggest that these parameters have important roles in neuroinflammation. The statistically higher Stroop and trail-making test scores of the patient group compared to the control group indicates that the cognitive performance of the patient group was weaker. Also, the positive correlation between Galectin-1, Galectin-9, and YKL-40 levels and cognitive performance suggests that these molecules may have a neuroprotective role. We think that the present study will contribute to this field where there is very limited data in the literature.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3 , Cognição , Galectina 1 , Galectinas , Humanos , Transtorno Bipolar/sangue , Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Proteína 1 Semelhante à Quitinase-3/sangue , Galectina 1/sangue , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Galectinas/sangue
19.
Hepatol Commun ; 8(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The level of type-I interferons (IFNs) in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) was investigated to evaluate its association with disease activity and progression. METHODS: Bioactive type-I IFNs were evaluated in a murine model of PSC and human patients' sera using a cell-based reporter assay and ELISA techniques. In total, 57 healthy participants, 71 PSC, and 38 patients with primary biliary cholangitis were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: Bioactive type-I IFNs were elevated in the liver and serum of multidrug resistance protein 2-deficient animals and showed a correlation with the presence of CD45+ immune cells and serum alanine transaminase levels. Concordantly, bioactive type-I IFNs were elevated in the sera of patients with PSC as compared to healthy controls (sensitivity of 84.51%, specificity of 63.16%, and AUROC value of 0.8267). Bioactive IFNs highly correlated with alkaline phosphatase (r=0.4179, p<0.001), alanine transaminase (r=0.4704, p<0.0001), and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activities (r=0.6629, p<0.0001) but not with serum bilirubin. In addition, patients with PSC with advanced fibrosis demonstrated significantly higher type-I IFN values. Among the type-I IFN subtypes IFNα, ß and IFNω could be detected in patients with PSC with IFNω showing the highest concentration among the subtypes and being the most abundant among patients with PSC. CONCLUSIONS: The selectively elevated bioactive type-I IFNs specifically the dominating IFNω could suggest a novel inflammatory pathway that might also have a hitherto unrecognized role in the pathomechanism of PSC.


Assuntos
Colangite Esclerosante , Interferon Tipo I , Fígado , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Alanina Transaminase , Fibrose , Interferon Tipo I/sangue , Fígado/patologia
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338697

RESUMO

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays pivotal roles in synaptic and neuronal functioning by sealing the space between adjacent microvascular endothelial cells. BBB breakdown is present in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or Alzheimer disease (AD). Claudin-5 (CLDN-5) is a tetra-spanning protein essential for sealing the intercellular space between adjacent endothelial cells in the BBB. In this study, we developed a blood-based assay for CLDN-5 and investigated its diagnostic utility using 100 cognitively normal (control) subjects, 100 patients with MCI, and 100 patients with AD. Plasma CLDN-5 levels were increased in patients with AD (3.08 ng/mL) compared with controls (2.77 ng/mL). Plasma levels of phosphorylated tau (pTau181), a biomarker of pathological tau, were elevated in patients with MCI or AD (2.86 and 4.20 pg/mL, respectively) compared with control subjects (1.81 pg/mL). In patients with MCI or AD, plasma levels of CLDN-5-but not pTau181-decreased with age, suggesting some age-dependent BBB changes in MCI and AD. These findings suggest that plasma CLDN-5 may a potential biochemical marker for the diagnosis of AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Claudina-5 , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/sangue , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Biomarcadores , Barreira Hematoencefálica , Claudina-5/sangue , Claudina-5/química , Claudina-5/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/sangue , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais , Proteínas tau
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...