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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115693, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075272

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shi-Wei-Ru-Xiang pills (SW) as a tradition Tibetan medicine has been clinically proved effective in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment. However, the underlying mechanism of SW remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the anti-arthritic effect of SW and its possible mechanisms of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CIA rat model in vivo, and IL-1ß-stimulated synoviocytes or chondrocytes and a co-culture system (IL-1ß-stimulated synoviocytes/chondrocytes) in vitro were used to evaluate the effects of SW on the treatment of RA. Arthritic score, paw swelling rate, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and Safranin-O-Fast green (S-O) staining were used to evaluate the anti-arthritic activity of SW in CIA rats. TUNEL assay or flow cytometry were performed to measure chondrocytes apoptosis in vivo and invitro. The effects of SW on the expression and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines were assessed by qRT-PCR and Elisa. The inhibitory effects of SW on the phosphorylation of p38, Erk1/2, and STAT3 were analyzed by Western blot. RESULTS: SW treatment significantly alleviated paw swelling, severity of arthritic and cartilage destruction in CIA rats. Moreover, SW decreased the expression of mRNAs of proinflammatory cytokines including TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 in the synovium, suppressed the production of these pro-inflammatory cytokines in serum and hind paws, downregulated the protein expression of p-p38, p-Erk1/2 and p-STAT3, and protected the chondrocytes apoptosis in CIA rats. Consistent with the results in vivo, SW also inhibited the activation of MAPK and STAT3 pathways, suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in IL-1ß-stimulated synoviocytes, and attenuated chondrocytes apoptosis in IL-1ß-stimulated chondrocytes. In the co-culture system, SW pre-treatment in IL-1ß-stimulated synoviocytes exhibited inhibition of chondrocytes apoptosis, which was associated with attenuation of inflammation in synoviocytes. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that the underlying mechanisms by which SW exerts its anti-arthritis effect may be related to the reduction of proinflammatory cytokine levels, inhibition of p38, Erk1/2 and STAT3 phosphorylation, and attenuating of chondrocyte apoptosis.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Artrite Reumatoide , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Colágeno , Citocinas/metabolismo , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-6 , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
2.
Med Gas Res ; 13(1): 1-6, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946215

RESUMO

Ozone can be medically useful concerning healing wounds and relieving pain in various conditions, such as disc disease. The aspects of human blood ozonation have been reviewed, as well as potential complications that may arise. The mechanisms of ozone therapy are discussed in detail. It is imperative to recognize ozone as a useful proxy in oxidative-stress related diseases, consolidating other medical gases recognized for their therapeutic importance. The utility of hyperbaric oxygen therapy is also discussed. Disc herniation is very common, as more than 3 million cases are treated per year. Herein we review the medical, surgical, and gene-based therapies that ozone therapy can provide regarding disc disease.


Assuntos
Oxigenoterapia Hiperbárica , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Ozônio , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Oxigênio , Ozônio/uso terapêutico
3.
Med Gas Res ; 13(1): 7-9, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946216

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke happens when the blood supply to the brain is obstructed and it is associated with numerous complex mechanisms, such as activated apoptosis genes, oxidative stress and reaction of inflammation, which finally result in neurological deficits. Several gases have been proved to have neuroprotective roles, even the classic gases that are thought to be toxic such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S). H2S is the third identified endogenous gas signaling molecule following carbon monoxide and nitric oxide. H2S plays a significant role in stroke. Inhalation of H2S can attenuate cerebral infarct volume and promote neurological function in a rat model of middle cerebral artery occlusion to reduce ischemic stroke-induced injury in vivo and in vitro as a result. Therefore, H2S can be clinically used to reduce ischemic stroke-induced injury. This review introduces the toxic mechanisms and effects of H2S on cerebral ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Sulfeto de Hidrogênio , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Animais , Encéfalo , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Ratos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico
4.
Med Gas Res ; 13(1): 15-22, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946218

RESUMO

Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a devastating disease with extraordinarily poor treatment outcomes. Both pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) and ozone have good effects on the treatment of the disease. However, whether PRF and ozone have a synergistic effect on PHN remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the therapeutic effects of ozone alone and in combination with PRF in the treatment of PHN. Ninety-one patients with PHN were assigned into two groups: PRF combined with ozone (PRF + ozone group, n = 44) and ozone therapy alone (ozone group, n = 47). In PRF + ozone group, the high-voltage, long-duration PRF was applied to the target dorsal root ganglions. Then ozonated water (11.5 µg/mL) was injected through the inner cannula. In the ozone group, all other processes were the same as those in the PRF + ozone group apart from the electrical stimulation. The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by visual analog scale and tactile sensation at pre-treatment and post-treatment 3, 6, and 12 months. Compared with pre-treatment data, the visual analog scale score was significantly decreased in both groups after treatment. Compared with the ozone group, the visual analog scale score was significantly decreased in the PRF + ozone group at 3, 6, and 12 months. Similarly, the tactile sensation was also significantly decreased at post-treatment when compared to pre-treatment. However, there were no statistical differences between the two groups. Regression analysis results showed that the history of diabetes mellitus and age had significant negative and positive effects, respectively, on the treatment results. To conclude, the administration of PRF + ozone and ozone therapy alone could both improve pain symptoms. Moreover, treatment effects and total efficacy rates tended to be higher for the combination of PRF and ozone than ozone alone. This conclusion was especially true for long-term therapeutic effects.


Assuntos
Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Ozônio , Tratamento por Radiofrequência Pulsada , Gânglios Espinais , Humanos , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/tratamento farmacológico , Ozônio/uso terapêutico , Tratamento por Radiofrequência Pulsada/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Dis Model Mech ; 16(5)2023 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35855640

RESUMO

When pathological hypertrophy progresses to heart failure (HF), the prognosis is often very poor. Therefore, it is crucial to find new and effective intervention targets. Here, myocardium-specific Trim44 knockout rats were generated using CRISPR-Cas9 technology. Cardiac phenotypic observations revealed that Trim44 knockout affected cardiac morphology at baseline. Rats with Trim44 deficiency exhibited resistance to cardiac pathological changes in response to stimulation via isoproterenol (ISO) treatment, including improvement of cardiac remodeling and dysfunction by morphological and functional observations, reduced myocardial fibrosis and reduced expression of molecular markers of cardiac stress. Furthermore, signal transduction validation associated with growth and hypertrophy development in vivo and in vitro demonstrated that Trim44 deficiency inhibited the activation of signaling pathways involved in myocardial hypertrophy, especially response to pathological stress. In conclusion, the present study indicates that Trim44 knockout attenuates ISO-induced pathological cardiac remodeling through blocking the AKT/mTOR/GSK3ß/P70S6K signaling pathway. This is the first study to demonstrate the function and importance of Trim44 in the heart at baseline and under pathological stress. Trim44 could be a novel therapeutic target for prevention of cardiac hypertrophy and HF.


Assuntos
Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Remodelação Ventricular , Animais , Cardiomegalia/genética , Isoproterenol/metabolismo , Isoproterenol/farmacologia , Isoproterenol/uso terapêutico , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia
6.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115715, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108895

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (P. ginseng) is effective in the prevention and treatment of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The mechanism by which P. ginseng exerts cardioprotective effects is complex. P. ginseng contains many pharmacologically active ingredients, such as molecular glycosides, polyphenols, and polysaccharides. P. ginseng and each of its active components can potentially act against myocardial I/R injury. Myocardial I/R was originally a treatment for myocardial ischemia, but it also induced irreversible damage, including oxygen-containing free radicals, calcium overload, energy metabolism disorder, mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, microvascular injury, autophagy, and apoptosis. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to clarify the protective effects of P. ginseng and its active ingredients against myocardial I/R injury, so as to provide experimental evidence and new insights for the research and application of P. ginseng in the field of myocardial I/R injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This review was based on a search of PubMed, NCBI, Embase, and Web of Science databases from their inception to February 21, 2022, using terms such as "ginseng," "ginsenosides," and "myocardial reperfusion injury." In this review, we first summarized the active ingredients of P. ginseng, including ginsenosides, ginseng polysaccharides, and phytosterols, as well as the pathophysiological mechanisms of myocardial I/R injury. Importantly, preclinical models with myocardial I/R injury and potential mechanisms of these active ingredients of P. ginseng for the prevention and treatment of myocardial disorders were generally summarized. RESULTS: P. ginseng and its active components can regulate oxidative stress related proteins, inflammatory cytokines, and apoptosis factors, while protecting the myocardium and preventing myocardial I/R injury. Therefore, P. ginseng can play a role in the prevention and treatment of myocardial I/R injury. CONCLUSIONS: P. ginseng has a certain curative effect on myocardial I/R injury. It can prevent and treat myocardial I/R injury in several ways. When ginseng exerts its effects, should be based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and with the help of modern medicine; the clinical efficacy of P. ginseng in preventing and treating myocardial I/R injury can be improved.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Panax , Fitosteróis , Cálcio , Citocinas , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Oxigênio , Polissacarídeos
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115720, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113677

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The leaf tea of Hyptis crenata has its practical use in the Brazilian Amazon for treating gastrointestinal and liver disorders, sweating induction, and as an anti-inflammatory. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluation of the chemical composition, acute oral toxicity, and antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the H. crenata essential oil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The essential oil was hydrodistilled and analyzed by GC and GC-MS. The antinociceptive action in mice was evaluated for the peripheral and central analgesic activity (abdominal contortion and hot plate tests), and the xylene-induced ear swelling was carried out for the nociception test. RESULTS: Oxygenated monoterpenes (53.0%) and monoterpene hydrocarbons (38.9%) predominated in the H. crenata oil, being 1,8-cineo1e (35.9%), α-pinene (20.8%), camphor (10.0%), and ß-pinene (7.3%) their primary constituents. The oral oil administration in the mice did not display changes in behavior patterns or animal mortality at 300 and 2000 mg/kg doses. The control group's biochemical parameters (ALP, AST, ALT) displayed a statistical difference from the treated group, unlike the renal parameters, which showed no variation between the groups. Oil reduced the abdominal contortions at doses of 100 (79.5%) and 300 mg/kg (44.4%), while with endodontacin, the dose was 5 mg/kg (75.2%). In addition, the oil could not decrease the paw licking/biting time at doses of 30, 100, and 300 mg/kg. However, it showed a significant antinociceptive effect on the second phase in the formalin test inhibiting licking time, with a reduction of 50.8% (30 mg/kg), 63.4% (100 mg/kg), 58.0% (300 mg/kg), and morphine (4 mg/kg, 78.3%). The oil administration produced significant inhibition of ear edema at all tested doses, with a better effect produced at 30 mg/kg (64.0% inhibition). CONCLUSION: The oil of Hyptis crenata, rich in 1,8-cineole, camphor, α-pinene, and ß-pinene, totaling 74%, displayed low acute toxicity and significant anti-inflammatory activity, with peripheral and no central antinociceptive action. Thus, these results show an actual perspective on using H. crenata oil in developing a phytotherapeutic product.


Assuntos
Hyptis , Óleos Voláteis , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Monoterpenos Bicíclicos , Brasil , Cânfora/uso terapêutico , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Eucaliptol/uso terapêutico , Hyptis/química , Camundongos , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/uso terapêutico , Derivados da Morfina/efeitos adversos , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/uso terapêutico , Chá , Xilenos
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115714, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113678

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Swertia chirayita (Roxb.) H. Karst. is a traditionally used, well-recognized medicinal plant of the family Gentianaceae with significant therapeutic potential. It has been traditionally used to cure various ailments such as fever, vomiting, jaundice, digestive disorders, heart diseases, diabetes, malaria, scorpion bite, and skin diseases. AIM OF REVIEW: The present review emphasized the traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, chemical profiling, and structural identification of isolated compounds by analytical and spectroscopic techniques. This review demonstrates the possibility of advanced ethnopharmacological research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature on S. chirayita was obtained from bibliographic databases like Web of Science, PubMed, Science-Direct, American Chemical Society (ACS), Google Scholar, and SciFinder. The compiled review is covered up until March 2022. RESULTS: Approximately, 123 specialized metabolites including xanthones, seco-iridoids, terpenoids, alkaloids, and flavonoids have been isolated and characterized from S. chirayita. The extract and isolated compounds exhibited a wide spectrum of pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antitumor, hepatoprotective, antiviral, antimalarial, and antibacterial offering scientific evidence for traditional claims of this medicinal plant. In addition, various analytical methods using HPTLC, UPLC, HPLC, LC-MS, and GC-MS have also been documented to determine the phytochemicals of S. chirayita. CONCLUSION: The current article provides information on traditional usage, phytochemistry, chemical profiling, structure elucidation, pharmacological efficacy, toxicity, and future prospects of S. chirayita. This plant has long been traditionally used in a variety of ways by indigenous people. Numerous phytoconstituents and several pharmacological activities have been reported in S. chirayita. However, there are still some scientific gaps such as identification of bioactive compounds, structure-activity relationship and mechanistic action of isolated bioactive compounds, development of effective analytical methods for comprehensive quality control, and safety profiles that need to be addressed.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos , Plantas Medicinais , Swertia , Xantonas , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes , Antivirais , Etnofarmacologia , Flavonoides , Humanos , Iridoides , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Terpenos
9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115699, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113679

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Periodontal disease is a complex inflammatory disease that seriously affects peoples' lives. Scutellaria radix (SR) is traditionally used as a folk medicine to clear away heat and dampness, purge fire and detoxification. Although it has been extensively used as a medicinal plant to treat a variety of inflammatory illnesses, the efficacy and active ingredient for topical administration in the treatment of periodontitis is unknown. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to screen and validate the active ingredients in SR for the prevention and treatment of periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ligature-induced periodontitis in rats was used to investigate the efficacy of topical administration of SR for the treatment of periodontitis, and the active fraction was screened after separation of the aqueous extract of SR into fractions of different polarities using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cell model. Chromatographic fingerprints were established for 18 batches of SR by high performance liquid chromatography. The potential active components were screened using spectral effect relationship analysis and the target cell extraction method. RESULTS: SR has good efficacy in the topical treatment of periodontitis, according to animal experiments. Five active ingredients were screened out and their anti-inflammatory activity was confirmed in vitro. CONCLUSION: The main active compounds in the treatment of periodontitis via topical administration of SR were found and this provides an experimental basis for further studies on the pharmacodynamic material basis of SR, as well as reference for the comprehensive evaluation of SR quality and the development of substitute resources.


Assuntos
Periodontite , Scutellaria baicalensis , Administração Tópica , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Lipopolissacarídeos , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Scutellaria baicalensis/química
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115722, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115603

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: A rising resort to herbal therapies in Crohn's disease (CD) alternative treatments has been recently observed due to their remarkable natural efficiency. In this context, the weed plant Ambrosia maritima L., traditionally known as Hachich el Aouinet in Algeria and as Damsissa in Egypt and Sudan, is widely used in North African folk medicine to treat infections, inflammatory diseases, gastrointestinal and urinary tract disturbances, rheumatic pain, respiratory problems, diabetes, hypertension and cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess an Ambrosia maritima L. phenolic extract for its phenolic profile composition, its potential antioxidant activity in vitro, and its cytoprotective effect on cultured primary human endothelial cells (ECs) stressed with H2O2 and sera from CD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Phenolic compound extraction was performed with a low-temperature method. Extract chemical profile was attained by HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS. The extract in vitro antioxidant activity was assessed using several methods including cupric ion reducing power, DPPH radical scavenging assay, O-Phenanthroline free radical reducing activity, ABTS cation radical decolourisation assay, Galvinoxyl free radicals scavenging assay. Intracellular reactive oxygen species levels were evaluated in human endothelial cells by H2DCFDA, while cell viability was assessed by MTT. RESULTS: The phenolic compounds extraction showed a yield of 17.66% with three di-caffeoylquinic acid isomers detected for the first time in Ambrosia maritima L. Using different analytical methods, a significant in vitro antioxidant activity was reported for the Ambrosia maritima L. extract, with an IC50 value of 14.33 ± 3.86 µg/mL for the Galvinoxyl antioxidant activity method. Challenged with ECs the Ambrosia maritima L. extract showed a biphasic dose-dependent effect on H2O2-treated cells, cytoprotective and antioxidant at low doses, and cytotoxic and prooxidant at high doses, respectively. Viability and ROS levels data also demonstrated a prooxidant and cytotoxic effect of CD sera on cultured ECs. Interestingly, 10 µg/mL of Ambrosia maritima L. extract was able to counteract both CD sera-induced oxidative stress and ECs death. CONCLUSION: Our data indicated Ambrosia maritima L. as a source of bioactive phenolics potentially employable as a natural alternative for CD treatment.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Doença de Crohn , Ambrosia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Morte Celular , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Fenóis/química , Fenóis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115727, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116611

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cousinia thomsonii is traditionally known for treating various diseases including joint pain, swelling, body ache, asthma, dermatitis, cough and arthritis. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study employs lipopolysaccharide induced inflammatory wistar-rat model to evaluate efficacy of Cousinia thomsonii active-extracts on the expression of crucial inflammatory markers viz. iNOS, PPAR-γ, Rel-A, COX-2 and serum analysis of CRP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Methanol and aqueous extracts were administered orally at 25, 50, 100 mg/kg doses for 21 days. Serum was collected on 22nd day and rats were sacrificed to extract paw tissues. Dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg) served as positive control. Immunoblotting and qPCR was used for expression analysis of iNOS, PPAR-γ, Rel-A, COX-2 respectively. ELISA was employed for evaluating CRP levels. Discovery-studio and Auto-Dock-Vina were used to check docking interactions of various identified compounds. RESULTS: Both extracts caused dose-dependent decline in iNOS, Rel-A, COX-2 and CRP levels, while there was a dose-dependent increase in PPAR-γ expression. Methanol extract dominated immunomodulatory potential as compared with the aqueous extract. The results of the GCMS revealed the presence of ten compounds. Some of these compounds include 1-Octacosanol, Ethyl Linoleate, 1-Heptacosanol, 1-Hexadecanol, 1-Dodecanol and Behenic alcohol having strong anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-acne and anti-viral activities. Molecular Docking scores were calculated between each target protein and selected compounds. The best affinity/interactions were observed between 1-Octacosanol towards iNOS, PPAR-γ, Rel-A, COX-2 and CRP with binding energy of -10.4, -11.1, -8.6, -9.9 and -7.9 (kcal/mol) respectively. These compounds may act as strong inhibitors for iNOS, Rel-A, COX-2 and CRP or as agonists for PPAR-γ; thereby inducing anti-inflammatory/immuno-modulatory activities. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that Cousinia thomsonii contains therapeutically active compounds and thus could serve as potential therapeutic regimen against diverse inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Asteraceae , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Dexametasona , Dodecanol , Álcoois Graxos , Lipopolissacarídeos , Metanol , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Receptores Ativados por Proliferador de Peroxissomo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Ratos
12.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115742, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152784

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Despite widespread use of herbal remedies for treating arthritis and osteosarcoma, many plants are still not pharmacologically evaluated for their efficacy. Contrary to many non-steroidal, immunosuppressants, antibiotics, and antineoplastic drugs that have adverse effects, phytotherapeutic compounds have promising benefits with fewer complications. In this study the unexplored Northeastern India indigenous plant Trevesia palmata (Roxb. ex Lindl.) Vis. used in traditional medicine to cure bone fractures is chosen for studying anti-proliferative and anti-rheumatic properties. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study designed to explore the polyphenolic composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic potential of T. palmata leaf extracts. Further, the cellular activity was studied using MG 63 osteoblast cell lines and pharmacologically evaluated using Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) induced arthritic rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro free radical scavenging activity, anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activities of extracts were analyzed using standardized methods. The polyphenolic profiling and apoptosis inducing ability of T. palmata ethyl acetate (TPEA) extract on MG 63 osteoblast cell lines were analyzed. The in vivo pharmacological studies were carried out with low dose 250 mg/kg and high dose of 500 mg/kg of T. palmata. The biochemical and haematological parameters and in vivo antioxidant activity were evaluated for the control and treated groups. Radiological and histological study were done to understand the impact and penetration of inflammatory arthritis from tissues to joint bones. RESULTS: TPEA showed highest free radical scavenging activity (DPPH - 4.72 IC50, ABTS - 242.33 ± 6.81 mM TE/g extract), anti-inflammatory (40.04% inhibition of RBC lysis) and anti-arthritic activity (32.4% inhibition of protein denaturation) with the presence of gallic acid, catechin, caffeic acid, rutin, quercetin and naringenin. The TPEA extract inhibited cell proliferation of MG 63 osteoblast cells and induced apoptosis by arresting cell cycle at different phases. After acute toxicity studies the doses 250 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg were fixed and showed better results in CFA-induced arthritic animals. Thus, the extract phytoconstituents may have immense potential against chronic inflammation, joint ailments, bone cancer and arthritis which serves as a phytomedicine contrary to synthetic medications. CONCLUSIONS: The potential treatment of polyphenolic compounds in the T. palmata extract on osteosarcoma and arthritis was demonstrated from this study. Thus, cellular inflammatory infiltrates are significantly reduced in bone and joint tissues as well.


Assuntos
Araliaceae , Artrite Experimental , Catequina , Osteossarcoma , Animais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Radicais Livres , Adjuvante de Freund , Ácido Gálico/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Rutina
13.
Addict Behav ; 136: 107495, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36156453

RESUMO

The opioid epidemic is a significant public health concern, and opioid consumption rates and opioid-related deaths are on the rise. Chronic pain acceptance, or willingness to experience pain and pain-related distress, is one pain-related psychological mechanism that may reduce maladaptive attempts to avoid or control pain using opioids among individuals with chronic lower back pain (CLBP). However, little work has examined chronic pain acceptance as it relates to opioid use and motives for use among adults with CLBP. The current investigation sought to explore the effects of chronic pain acceptance on opioid misuse and motives for opioid use (i.e., pain management and coping motives) among adults with CLBP. Participants were 291 adults (69.1 % female, Mage = 45.77 years, SD = 11.22) self-reporting current mild to severe CLBP and current opioid use who were recruited via an online survey. Results indicated that higher acceptance of pain was related to lower levels of opioid misuse and lower motivation to use opioids to cope with pain. Contrary to hypotheses, chronic pain acceptance did not predict motivation to use opioids to cope with emotional distress (i.e., coping motives). The current findings provide support for chronic pain acceptance as a potential protective mechanism in terms of opioid misuse and motivation to use opioids to manage pain.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Dor Lombar , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Motivação , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Manejo da Dor , Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/psicologia
14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115729, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162544

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The North-eastern parts of India have immense therapeutic floras, Ottelia alismoides is an aquatic plant that has been in use for a long time in traditional medicine for treating diseases like cancer, tuberculosis, diabetes, febrifuge, hemorrhoids, and rubefacient. In lung and skin carcinoma cells with a high rate of proliferation and metastasis including drug resistance and non-specific target activity, generates important challenges towards their treatment strategy. Thus, finding novel therapeutic targets to treat lung and skin cancer progression is essential to enhance the patients' survival with treatment. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the apoptotic potential of acetone extract of O. alismoides (L.) Pers. (OA-AC) and to identify the compounds responsible for this effect, HRLC-MS-QTOF analysis of the extract has been undertaken along with in-silico molecular docking analysis of the identified compounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A549 and A431 cells were treated with acetone extract of O. alismoides (OA-AC) at 24 h and 48 h exposure and cell cycle phase distribution was evaluated and also apoptosis induction activity was evaluated by OA-EtBr staining and Mitochondrial outer membrane potential assay. Western blotting was performed for the evaluation of apoptotic protein expression. At last, the HR-LCMS of OA-AC was analyzed to identify the compounds responsible for the apoptotic activity of the extract. RESULTS: The cell cycle phase distribution analysis in A549 and A431 cells at 24hrs exposure with 10 µg/mL and 25 µg/mL of OA-AC showed a potent arrest or blockage at the G2/M phase of the cell cycle with reduced expression of cyclin B and p-Cdc2. At 48 h exposure, apoptosis was observed in these cancer cells with elevated expression of Bax, p21 and cleaved caspase 3 and reduced expression of the Bcl2. CONCLUSION: AO-EtBr staining of these cancer cells reveals that the death induced by OA-AC was apoptotic in nature with depolarization of mitochondrial membrane due to loss or damage of the mitochondrial membrane. The HRLC-MS-QTOF analysis of OA-AC depicted 14 major isolable compounds and molecular docking analysis displayed 4 compounds that might act as an inhibitor of cyclin B for G2/M phase arrest that leads to apoptotic induction in the cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Hydrocharitaceae , Acetona , Apoptose , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Caspase 3 , Ciclo Celular , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular , Humanos , Hydrocharitaceae/metabolismo , Irritantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115748, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162545

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: With high mortality and morbidity rates, lung cancer (LC) has become one of the major threats to human health. The treatment strategies for LC currently face issues, such as drug resistance and body tolerance. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is characterized by novel pharmacological mechanisms, low toxicity, and limited side effects. TCM includes a substantial number of biologically active ingredients, several of which are effective monomeric agents against LC. An increasing number of researchers are focusing their efforts on the discovery of active anti-cancer ingredients in TCM. AIM OF THE REVIEW: In this review, we summarized the anti-LC mechanisms of five types of TCM monomeric compounds. Our goal is to provide research ideas for the identification of new prospective medication candidates for the treatment of LC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected reports on the anti-LC effects of TCM monomers from web databases, including PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Europe PubMed Central. Among the keywords used were "lung cancer," "traditional Chinese medicine," "pharmacology," and their combinations thereof. Then, we systematically summarized the anti-LC efficacy and related mechanisms of TCM monomers. RESULTS: Based on the available literature, this paper reviewed the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of five types of TCM monomers on LC. The characteristics of TCM monomers include the capabilities to suppress the tumor cell cycle, inhibit proliferation, induce apoptosis, promote autophagy, inhibit tumor cell invasion and metastasis, and enhance efficacy or reduce drug resistance when combined with cytotoxic agents and other methods to arrest the progression of LC and prolong the survival of patients. CONCLUSIONS: TCM contains numerous flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, polyphenols, and other active compounds that are effective against LC. Given their chemical structure and pharmacological properties, these monomers are suitable as candidate drugs for the treatment of LC.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Citotoxinas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Flavonoides , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Estudos Prospectivos , Terpenos
16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115753, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162546

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a prominent health challenge characterized by complex aetiology and limited therapeutic breakthroughs. Datura metel (DM) is a medicinal plant containing active phytoconstituents with neuropharmacological potentials. In traditional medicine, it exerts anticholinergic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, and protection from organophosphate poisoning inclusively involved in the pharmacotherapy of PD. Its other PD-related medicinal potency includes treatment of motor sickness and bradycardia. However, the exact mechanisms of anti-PD effects of its phytoconstituents remain underexplored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, methanolic extract of DM was evaluated for anti-PD behavioural effects in vivo haloperidol-induced cataleptic mice. The GC-MS-identified phytochemicals were studied for one-drug-multi-target inhibitory mechanisms against some key targets for PD treatment, alpha-synuclein (ASN) and dopa decarboxylase (DDC) using molecular docking. RESULTS: and discussion: Chronic administration of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg of DM extract improved the 14-s latency time induced by haloperidol to 54, 54 and 57 s respectively, whereas levodopa (30 mg/kg) produced 47 s in rotarod tests. Similarly, the descending times for haloperidol-induced cataleptic mice were significantly reduced from 110 s to 17.7, 17.7 and 12.5 s by the respective chronic doses of DM extract, whereas levodopa-administered mice spent 17.5 s descending the same 30 cm pole. The interesting motor coordination enhancements are suggestively due to synergistic inhibition of ASN and DCC by the phytoconstituents of DM, especially, atropine and scopolamine. From the docking analysis, the two phytochemicals interacted more potently with the active therapeutic sites of the dual targets than levodopa and carbidopa. CONCLUSION: Methanolic extract of DM contains active phytochemicals for multi-target-directed antiparkinsonian mechanisms amenable for further studies.


Assuntos
Datura metel , Doença de Parkinson , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antiparkinsonianos/farmacologia , Derivados da Atropina , Carbidopa , Antagonistas Colinérgicos , Dopa Descarboxilase , Haloperidol/farmacologia , Levodopa/farmacologia , Metanol , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Escopolamina , alfa-Sinucleína
17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115750, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162547

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Different Physalis plants have been widely employed in traditional medicine for management of diabetes mellitus. Previous studies with respect to the in vivo antidiabetic activity of Physalis plants illustrated that they improved glucose and lipid metabolism in streptozotocin (STZ) -induced diabetic rats yet the mechanism of action of bioactive constituents of the different organs of Physalis plants on diabetes remains obscure. AIM OF STUDY: Our objective is to study the effects of the different organs of ground cherry (P. pruinosa) on diabetes in rat models and elucidate their mechanism of actions through serum pharmacochemistry combined to network pharmacology analyses and in-vivo testing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Characterization of the constituents in the drug-dosed serum samples relative to the blank serum after treatment with different extracts was performed by UPLC -MS/MS technique. The absorbed metabolites where then subjected to network pharmacology analysis to construct an interaction network linking "compound-target-pathway". In vivo verification was implemented to determine a hypothesized mechanism of action on a STZ and high fat diet induced type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) model based on functional and enrichment analyses of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome and Gene Ontology. RESULTS: Identification of a total of 73 compounds (22 prototypes and 51 metabolites) derived from P. pruinosa extracts was achieved through comparison of the serum samples collected from diabetic control group and extracts treated groups. The identified compounds were found to belong to different classes according to their structural type including withanolides, physalins and flavonoids. The absorbed compounds in the analyzed serum samples were considered as the potential bioactive components. The component-target network was found to have 23 nodes with 17 target genes including MAPK8, CYP1A1 and CYP1B1. Quercetin and withaferin A were found to possess the highest combined score in the C-T network. Integrated serum pharmacochemistry and network pharmacology analyses revealed the enrichment of leaves extract with the active constituents, which can be utilized in T2DM treatment. In the top KEGG pathways, lipid and atherosclerosis metabolic pathways in addition to T2DM pathways were found to be highly prioritized. The diabetic rats, which received leaves extract exhibited a substantial increment in GLUT2, INSR, IRS-1, PI3K-p85 and AKT-ser473 proteins by 105%, 142%, 109%, 81% and 73%, respectively relative to the untreated diabetic group. The immunoblotting performed for MAPK and ERK1/2 part of the inflammatory pathway studied in STZ induced diabetic rats revealed that leaves, calyces and stems extracts resulted in a substantial diminish in p38-MAPK, ERK 1/2, NF-κB, and TNF-α. Histopathological examination revealed that the hepatic histoarchitecture was substantially improved in the leaves, stems, and clayces-treated rats in comparison with untreated diabetic rats. Further, pancreatic injuries, which induced by STZ were dramatically altered by the treatment with P. pruinosa leaves, calyces and stems extracts. ß-cells in diabetic rats received leaves extract disclosed moderate insulin immunostaining with a notable increase in the mean insulin area%. CONCLUSIONS: The study in hand offers a comprehensive study to clarify the bioactive metabolites of the different organs of P. pruinosa. The basic pharmacological effects and underlying mechanism of actions in the management of STZ and high fat diet induced T2DM were specifically covered in this paper.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Physalis , Vitanolídeos , Animais , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1 , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Hipoglicemiantes/análise , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina , NF-kappa B , Farmacologia em Rede , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Quercetina/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Estreptozocina , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115745, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162548

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan is an endemic tree to South America and different parts of it are used by the population for the treatment of various diseases, as well as in indigenous rituals. This species has high pharmacological potential but may present toxic potential due to the presence of psychotropic compounds. AIM OF THE STUDY: To review published studies with the species A. colubrina regarding ethnobotanical, phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological aspects, as well as discuss perspectives for new research and protection of this species. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature review was performed by accessing published articles on databases such as: PubMed, Science Direct, Scielo, Scopus, Taylor and Francis online, Springer Link, National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), ACS Publications, Chemspider and Google Scholar. The keywords used were: "Anadenanthera colubrina" or "Mimosa colubrina" or "Piptadenia colubrina" or "Piptadenia macrocarpa" or "Piptadenia grata" or "Anadenanthera macrocarpa" and "medicinal plants" or "pharmacological" or "phytochemicals" or "traditional use" or "toxicological" or "ethnobotanical" or "pre-clinical trial" or "clinical". Articles found by database searches and search engines were screened at four stages: (i) title screening, (ii) locality screening, (iii) abstract screening, and (iv) full text. Other articles found through supplementary searches were screened in the full text whenever available. Each article was assessed by three reviewers at the title and abstract screening stages, except for those found in Portuguese databases that were assessed by the native reviewer. RESULTS: This robust tree has been popularly useful for agroeconomic, medicinal and as a hallucinogen in religious rituals. According to the published studies, the main parts of the plant are the bark and seeds that are mostly used for respiratory conditions and as entheogens, respectively. It is a rich traditional herbal medicine with many pharmacological properties such as anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antidiarrheal, wound healing, antimicrobial, antitumoral, antioxidant, antiaddictive, insecticide and allelopathic that were described in in vitro and in vivo assays, and approximately 56 compounds were identified, suggesting a therapeutic potential for this species. Although most relate to medicinal uses, these are preliminaries and do not show the mechanism of action. The phytochemical assays showed the presence of phenolic compounds, flavonoids, triterpenes, steroids and alkaloids. Some of the compounds are anadanthoflavone, which is exclusive to this species, and no pharmacological or toxicological studies have yet demonstrated this compound. Another important compound is bufotenine which was isolated from seeds and is related to hallucinogenic and antiviral activity. The extracts made from leaves, bark, gum, and fruits appear to be safe, according to both in vivo and in vitro toxicology testing, which all shown low toxicity. Due to the presence of bufotenine in the seeds, it can be toxic, however, it was not found in toxicological assays with the seed extracts. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, part of the studies confirms the popular use of A. colubrina, however, more assays with isolated compounds and with the different extracts are necessary to corroborate other uses and the mechanism of action of their pharmacological effects needs to discuss in more detail. Therefore, the present review would be identified the gaps and suggests further studies oriented to validate the popular use. Thus, it must be noted that the use of this species must be controlled in order to minimize the environmental impact, as most of the pharmacological potential was shown with the bark and seeds. Due to its wide use in folk medicine, it is part of the Brazilian medicinal species with priority for conservation.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Colubrina , Fabaceae , Alucinógenos , Inseticidas , Plantas Medicinais , Triterpenos , Analgésicos , Anti-Inflamatórios , Antidiarreicos , Antioxidantes , Antivirais , Brasil , Bufotenina , Etnofarmacologia , Flavonoides , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/toxicidade
19.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115740, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162549

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Antrodia camphorata is a genus of wood-rot basidiomycete in the family Fomitopsidaceae. It is a valuable medicinal fungus in China that contains more than 78 kinds of active compounds. A. camphorata has good protection effects on the liver, especially on alcoholic liver injury (ALI). AIM: This paper summarizes the complex occurrence and development of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). In addition, the effect of ALD on the intestine through the gut-liver axis is summarized. The protective mechanism of A. camphorata on ALI is reviewed to reveal its therapeutic potential, offering insights into future research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search in the literature was obtained from books and online databases such as Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus, Science direct, ACS Publications and Baidu Scholar. RESULTS: The pathogenesis of ALD mainly includes oxidative stress injury, intestinal microflora imbalance, inflammatory mediator injury and nutritional imbalance. A. camphorata contains rich active components (e.g. polysaccharides, triterpenoids, maleic and succinic acid derivatives, amino acids, superoxide dismutase, vitamins, lignin and sterols). These components have good antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and intestinal protection activities. Therefore, A. camphorata has a wide application in the prevention and treatment of ALI. CONCLUSIONS: ALD develops from a mild disease to alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis, which is the main reason of global morbidity and mortality. At present, there is no effective drug for the treatment of ALD. A. camphorata, as a valuable medicinal fungus unique to Taiwan, has a great protective effect on the liver. It is expected to be an effective drug for ALI treatment. Although many studies have performed the protective effects of A. camphorata on ALI, its regulatory effects on the gut-liver axis of ALD patients need to be further explored.


Assuntos
Antrodia , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas , Triterpenos , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Antrodia/química , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Lignina , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle , Polyporales , Esteróis , Succinatos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico , Vitaminas/metabolismo
20.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 300: 115751, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36162550

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Myocardial fibrosis leads to cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. Curcumae Rhizoma has been utilized in clinical trials to treat a variety of cardiovascular illnesses, although its role in myocardial fibrosis is unknown. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of current study was to explore the potential mechanism action and anti-myocardial fibrosis effects of treatment with Curcumae Rhizoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chemical components in the aqueous extract from Curcumae Rhizoma were identified using GC-MS analysis. A prediction network describing the relationship between Curcumae Rhizoma and MF was established based on information collected from multiple databases. Functional enrichment analysis was performed to investigate the specific functions and pathways involved in the candidate Curcumae Rhizoma targets acting on MF, which were further validated by vivo experiments. RESULTS: There were 444 targets obtained from the 39 active ingredients in Curcumae Rhizoma, and 5691 disease targets related to MF were identified. Then, 41 key targets were determined with the PPI interaction network, which was structured from 324 overlapping gene targets. GO and KEGG analyses revealed that the p38 MAPK/NF-κB and TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 signaling pathways might play crucial roles in the therapeutic mechanism of MF. According to the results of molecular docking, the binding activity between core components and targets was marvelous (affinity < -6 kcal/mol). Take it a step further, the experimental validation data affirmed that Curcumae Rhizoma substantially decreased myocardial fibrosis and recovered cardiac function in the ISO-induced rats. The associated proteins expression data implied that the p38 MAPK/NF-κB and TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 pathways might be vital in the anti-fibrosis effect of Curcumae Rhizoma. CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that Curcumae Rhizoma diminished myocardial fibrosis by suppressing fibrosis multiplication and collagen deposition through inhibiting p38 MAPK/NF-κB and TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 pathways, which might be a promising therapeutic medicament for alleviating myocardial fibrosis.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fibrose , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , NF-kappa B , Farmacologia em Rede , Ratos , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno
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