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1.
Cognit Ther Res ; : 1-11, 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33424059

RESUMO

Background: The novel 2019 SARS2-Coronavirus (COVID-19) has had a devastating physical health, mental health, and economic impact, causing millions of infections and hundreds of thousands of deaths. While COVID-19 has impacted the entire world, COVID-19 has disproportionately impacted low-income countries, particularly in South America, causing not only increased mortality but also increased associated mental health complaints. Anxiety sensitivity (AS), reflecting fear of anxiety-related physical sensations, may be particularly important to understand COVID-19 mental health effects among Latinx individuals in South America (Argentina). Past work suggests that Latinx individuals report greater somatization of mental health symptoms, and AS has been specifically linked to greater mental health symptoms. Yet, to date, no work has examined AS as a vulnerability factor for the negative mental health effects of COVID-19. Method: Therefore, the current manuscript examined the association of AS with COVID-19 worry, functional impairment, anxiety, and symptom severity across two samples of adults in Argentina: a community sample (n = 105, M age = 38.58, SD = 14.07, 69.5% female) and a clinical sample comprised of individuals with an anxiety disorder (n = 99, M age = 34.99, SD = 10.83, 66.7% female). Results: Results from the current study provide support for AS as a potential vulnerability factor for COVID-19-related mental health problems across both samples, and these effects were evident over and above the variance accounted for by age, sex, pre-existing medical conditions, and COVID-19 exposure. Conclusions: These data identify AS as a potential intervention target to reduce COVID-19 mental health burden among adults in Argentina.

2.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 27(2)2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347804

RESUMO

An epidemic of dengue virus and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) co-infections occurred in Argentina during 2020. We describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes in a cohort of patients hospitalized because of co-infection. We retrospectively identified 13 patients from different hospitals in Buenos Aires who had confirmed infection with SARS-CoV-2 and dengue virus and obtained clinical and laboratory data from clinical records. All patients had febrile disease when hospitalized. Headache was a common symptom. A total of 8 patients had respiratory symptoms, 5 had pneumonia, and 3 had rash. Nearly all patients had lymphopenia when hospitalized. No patients were admitted to an intensive care unit or died during follow up. Co-infection with SARS-CoV-2 and dengue virus can occur in patients living in areas in which both viruses are epidemic. The outcome of these patients did not seem to be worse than those having either SARS-CoV-2 or dengue infection alone.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Dengue/epidemiologia , Adulto , Argentina/epidemiologia , Coinfecção , Dengue/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
3.
Neurologia ; 36(1): 9-15, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921515

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Health systems in numerous countries around the world are suffering a serious burden as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result of this situation, the follow-up of such chronic diseases as dementia may be at risk. Similarly, neuropsychiatric complications related to lockdown measures may also be neglected; Argentina's lockdown has been the longest implemented in Latin America. This study aims to determine the frequency of the different types of medical consultations for neurocognitive disorders and the predictors for requiring consultation since the beginning of the lockdown. METHODS: We performed a descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study based on data collected through an online survey. RESULTS: Data were collected on 324 participants, with 165 (50.9%) having had at least one medical consultation. Consultations were held by telephone in 109 cases (33.6%), by e-mail in 62 (19.1%), by video conference in 30 (9.3%), and at the emergency department in 23 (7.1%). Predictors of requiring consultation were Clinical Dementia Rating scores ≥1 (P<.001) and diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (P=.017). Higher Neuropsychiatric Inventory scores were found in the group of respondents who did require medical consultation (P<.001), but no significant differences were found between groups for Zarit Burden Interview scores. CONCLUSION: We identified a high prevalence of behavioural disorders and caregiver burden during lockdown. Nevertheless, only 50% of respondents had sought medical consultation (by telephone or email in 52.7% of cases). Care of people with dementia must be emphasised, guaranteeing follow-up of these patients.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/diagnóstico , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374162

RESUMO

In November 2019, the world was introduced to a new coronavirus that has since ravaged it. Argentina began to see an increase of COVID-19 quickly in the new year and as of April 2020 the country was still being burdened by the transmission of the virus. With the progression of the epidemic turning into a pandemic, health authorities constantly updated health prevention strategies and responses to the novel coronavirus in its first wave. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a level three warning for international travel to/from Argentina because of COVID-19's rapid transmission. With Argentina's already fragile economy, health systems had to meet the challenge of being able to treat the infected. This case presentation aims to provide an overview of Argentina's earliest epidemiological situation of the COVID-19 pandemic. The data provided in this study concern Argentina's COVID-19 situation during the period of January 2020-April 2020. Mathematical modeling was used to forecast COVID-19 transmission after the first wave, specifically focusing on Buenos Aires. The country's demographics and an impression of its health systems will be analyzed in this case presentation for preparedness. The case study concludes in depicting Argentina's current and anticipated economic, social, and political disruptions because of the first wave of the pandemic.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Argentina/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos
5.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-17, 2020 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33356541

RESUMO

This research is aimed to: analyze differences in mental health state (MHS) indicators (depression, state-anxiety, trait-anxiety, and suicidal risk), during three quarantine sub-periods (starting since the first quarantine extension); assess multiple relationships between each MHS indicator and potentially affecting factors. We used a cross-sectional design with a convenience sample including 1100 participants. Data were collected online. Depression revealed a worsening pattern as quarantine sub-periods went by. Anxiety (both state and trait), just like suicidal risk, partially follow such a pattern, with mean scores increasing from the first to the second/third quarantine extensions, but then maintaining to the fourth extension. Predictors having protective effects on almost all the MHS indicators were: availability of current economic income (except for state-anxiety, without significant effect) and absence of suicide attempt history. Conversely, sex (woman), younger age, and mental disorder history had an increasing risk effect on all the MHS indicators. Overall, our findings indicate that quarantine have negative mental health impacts and that quarantine duration is a relevant aspect to be taken into account when measuring such an impact. More attention needs to be paid to vulnerable groups such as the young, women, and people with history of mental disorder.

6.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(4): 326-329, 2020 12 03.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351366

RESUMO

Introduction: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, health systems have had to adapt to the growing demand for care. Telemedicine is a practical tool for outpatient monitoring of correctly selected patients. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study of a prospective cohort of patients under telemedicine follow-up at the Hospital Italiano de San Justo was carried out. Results: 47 days of follow-up were evaluated, a total of 1345 patients. Of these, 46.9% (n = 631) obtained a positive nasopharyngeal swab result with PCR technique and were registered in the telemedicine monitoring system, with 10.14% (n = 64) requiring a new clinical evaluation at the emergency center . Of these patients, 60.1% (n = 39) required hospitalization in a general ward (n = 39). Conclusion: It is essential to be able to generate other forms of helth care. The telemedicine system is an important tool to develop in situations of overload of the health system.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , Telemedicina , Argentina , Seguimentos , Hospitais , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20200787, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331614

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Since 2016, Brazil has been in the midst of its largest sylvatic yellow fever epidemic ever, found predominantly outside the Amazon region. Cases originating from Brazil have been reported in France, the Netherlands, Romania, Switzerland, Argentina, and Chile. The epidemic began in the Central-West region of Brazil in 2014, spreading into the Southern region, with significant non-human primate transmission continuing towards Paraguay and Argentina. METHODS: This report is an integrative review of Pan American Health Organization cooperation during a sylvatic yellow fever epidemic. RESULTS: The Pan American Health Organization has played a central role in handling the yellow fever emergency, collaborating with the Ministry of Health and various research groups in supporting interventions of different response areas. The Pan American Health Organization's technical cooperation included: training and workshops to exchange experiences, carrying out technical cooperation in patient management and epidemiological, entomological, laboratory, and epizootic surveillance, organizing the assistance network, and acquiring strategic inputs. The Pan American Health Organization's technical cooperation supported the Ministry of Health's decision to adopt a single-dose vaccine and use fractional doses to support the vaccination needs of more than 39,000,000 people. The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic contributed to the failure of reaching the yellow fever vaccination goals and made it difficult to integrate the yellow fever vaccine into recommended areas. CONCLUSIONS: Given the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, it is necessary to strengthen measures for the surveillance, prevention, and control of yellow fever with multilateral cooperation between countries.


Assuntos
Febre Amarela , Argentina , Brasil , Surtos de Doenças , França , Humanos , Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde , Pandemias , Paraguai , Febre Amarela/epidemiologia , Febre Amarela/prevenção & controle , Vírus da Febre Amarela
8.
Psychol Health Med ; : 1-16, 2020 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382639

RESUMO

An increment in mental health problems related to social isolation strategies was evinced in several populations, however few investigations address this problem in students. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between insomnia, worry, coping strategies, and academic engagement in subjects pursuing a university degree in Argentina during the first month of compulsory social isolation against the COVID-19 pandemic. Self-report online questionnaires were administered to 584 participants: Insomnia Severity Index, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, Coping Responses Inventory, Utrecht Work Engagement Scale for Students. Demographic data was recorded. Statistics included bivariate and multivariate techniques. Prevalences of 45% for subthreshold insomnia, 23% for moderate insomnia, and 4% for severe insomnia were found. The severe insomnia group presented higher levels of worry and cognitive avoidance strategies. Insomnia was also associated with daytime concerns. The group without insomnia was more vigorous in their academic engagement. Being physically active was associated with lower sleep problems. Insomnia prevalence is high in socially isolated university students. Cognitive avoidance coping strategies are associated with worry, which leads to an alert state that makes sleep difficult. These findings should be taken into account by academic institutions to define their pedagogic strategies.

9.
Rev. esp. med. nucl. imagen mol. (Ed. impr.) ; 39(6): 375-379, nov.-dic. 2020. ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194659

RESUMO

En esta publicación se presentan criterios y fundamentos para la organización del trabajo en la práctica segura de la Radiofarmacia Hospitalaria, a fin de minimizar el riesgo de transmisión viral durante la pandemia de COVID-19, en una instalación de referencia de la Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica de Argentina, mientras se continúan desempeñando servicios esenciales para el sistema de salud. Con este fin se consultaron como referencia documentos de la Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, OIEA, la OMS y otras publicaciones científicas. Estas recomendaciones se encuentran en proceso de revisión constante y son actualizadas de manera permanente. En este marco se propone el presente modelo de organización laboral para esta actividad esencial incluyendo recomendaciones generales, particulares y su fundamento epidemiológico e inmunológico


This publication presents criteria and bases for the work organization in the safe practice of Hospital Radiopharmacy, in order to minimize the risk of viral transmission during the COVID-19 pandemic, in a reference facility of the National Energy Commission Atomic of Argentina, while continuing to perform essential services for the health system. For this purpose, documents from the National Energy Commission Atomic, IAEA, WHO and other scientific publications were consulted as reference. These recommendations are under constant review and are permanently updated. Within this framework, the present model of work organization for this essential activity is proposed, including general and specific recommendations and its epidemiological and immunological basis


Assuntos
Humanos , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/provisão & distribução , Assistência Farmacêutica/organização & administração , Fatores de Risco , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Argentina/epidemiologia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Precauções Universais/métodos , Boas Práticas de Dispensação
10.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 185-190, dic. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145464

RESUMO

Esta revisión narrativa describe el daño colateral de la pandemia de COVID-19, tanto en aspectos de la salud, como también sociales, educativos o económicos. Comunicamos el impacto mundial y local. Consideramos que varias de estas consecuencias eran inevitables, especialmente las sucedidas durante los primeros meses de una pandemia que se difundió a gran velocidad y con graves consecuencias directas en la morbimortalidad de la población. Sin embargo, luego de seis meses de su llegada a la Argentina, es oportuno revaluar la situación y replantearse si no se debería cambiar el enfoque para balancear la minimización del impacto directo de COVID-19 junto con la del daño colateral que las medidas para paliarlo produjeron. Es un desafío que no debe limitarse al sistema de salud. Debe encararse con un abordaje intersectorial amplio y con participación activa de la sociedad. Así como aplanamos la curva de COVID-19, cuanto más nos demoremos en aplanar las otras curvas de problemas sanitarios y sociales que se están generando, mayor será su impacto, tanto en el corto como en el largo plazo. (AU)


This narrative review shows the collateral damage of the COVID-19 pandemic, whether in health, social, educational or economic aspects. We report on the impact at the global and local levels. Many of these consequences were inevitable, especially in the first months of a pandemic that spread at great speed and with serious direct consequences on the morbidity and mortality of the population. However, six months after the arrival in our country, it is an opportunity to reassess the situation and rethink whether the approach should not be changed to balance the minimization of the direct impact of COVID-19 with that of the collateral damage that mitigation measures produced. This is a challenge that should not be limited to the health system. It must be addressed with a broad intersectoral approach and active participation of society. Just as we flatten the COVID-19 curve, the longer we delay in flattening the other curves of health and social problems that are being generated, the greater the impact, both in the short and long term. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Argentina , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Isolamento Social , Problemas Sociais/prevenção & controle , Problemas Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estratégias Nacionais , Sistemas de Saúde/tendências , Indicadores de Morbimortalidade , Mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Impactos na Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Equidade no Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Análise de Consequências , Comunicação em Saúde/métodos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 233-236, dic. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145604

RESUMO

Entre el 1 y el 26 de junio se llevó a cabo el estudio de investigación "Encuesta de infección por coronavirus tipo 2 del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave (SARS-CoV-2), nivel comunitario en habitantes de un barrio vulnerable urbano de la ciudad de Buenos Aires", que determinó que un 54,3% de los habitantes del barrio presentaban anticuerpos inmunoglobulina tipo G para SARS-CoV-2. El objetivo de este artículo es proporcionar un ejemplo de un muestreo probabilístico que fue utilizado para estimar la prevalencia de seropositividad en este estudio. (AU)


Between 1st and 26th of june, a research named "Survey of infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), community level in inhabitants of a marginal urban neighborhood of the city of Buenos Aires" was carried on. The study showed that 54.3% of the that 54.3% of the people of the neighborhood had antibodies immunoglobulin type G for SARS-CoV-2. The objective of this article is to provide an example of a probability sampling carried out in the study, to measuring the prevalence of seropositivity. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Argentina , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Amostragem Aleatória Simples , Prevalência , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/imunologia
12.
Med Mycol Case Rep ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33312852

RESUMO

Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is a complication in critically ill patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, especially those with severe coronavirus disease-associated pneumonia. In this study, five cases of presumed invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in one immunocompromised and four immunocompetent patients with COVID-19 in Buenos Aires are described. In all cases, the underlying conditions, clinical presentation, fungal diagnostic tests used and their results, features of the chest scan images, antifungals used and clinical outcomes are detailed.

13.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 148(5): 3149, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261413

RESUMO

During preventive and mandatory social isolation decreed by the Argentine National Government to contain the spread of COVID-19, the city of Buenos Aires has experienced a marked decrease in vehicular traffic. To study this new scenario, the Acoustic Impact Department of the Environmental Protection Agency carried out a series of uninterrupted urban noise measurements for one week in five measurement points. The results were compared with those obtained before quarantine and with the maximum permissible limits according to current legislation. Although considerable decreases in sound energy have been obtained, it was not possible to determine global values of noise level reduction since the results were of different magnitudes in each location and period.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Ruído , Quarentena , Argentina , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Humanos
14.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1809, 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33246432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mathematical modelling of infectious diseases is a powerful tool for the design of management policies and a fundamental part of the arsenal currently deployed to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We present a compartmental model for the disease where symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals move separately. We introduced healthcare burden parameters allowing to infer possible containment and suppression strategies. In addition, the model was scaled up to describe different interconnected areas, giving the possibility to trigger regionalized measures. It was specially adjusted to Mendoza-Argentina's parameters, but is easily adaptable for elsewhere. RESULTS: Overall, the simulations we carried out were notably more effective when mitigation measures were not relaxed in between the suppressive actions. Since asymptomatics or very mildly affected patients are the vast majority, we studied the impact of detecting and isolating them. The removal of asymptomatics from the infectious pool remarkably lowered the effective reproduction number, healthcare burden and overall fatality. Furthermore, different suppression triggers regarding ICU occupancy were attempted. The best scenario was found to be the combination of ICU occupancy triggers (on: 50%, off: 30%) with the detection and isolation of asymptomatic individuals. In the ideal assumption that 45% of the asymptomatics could be detected and isolated, there would be no need for complete lockdown, and Mendoza's healthcare system would not collapse. CONCLUSIONS: Our model and its analysis inform that the detection and isolation of all infected individuals, without leaving aside the asymptomatic group is the key to surpass this pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Epidemias/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Isolamento de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Argentina/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
15.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 85(4): 475-482, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, causative agent of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has necessitated widespread lockdown to mitigate the pandemic. This study examines the influence of resilience on the impact of COVID-related stress and enforced lockdown on mental health, drug use, and treatment adherence among people living with HIV (PLWH) in Argentina. SETTING: PLWH residing predominantly in Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area and urban regions of Argentina were identified from a private clinic electronic database. METHODS: Participants completed an anonymous online survey to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on economic disruption, resilience, mental health outcomes (depression, anxiety, stress, and loneliness), adherence to HIV treatment, and substance use. We performed ordinary least squares and logistic regressions to test whether resilient coping buffered the impact of economic disruption on mental health and drug use during quarantine. RESULTS: A total of 1336 PLWH aged 18-82 were enrolled. The impact of economic disruption on mental health ΔF(1,1321) = 8.86, P = 0.003 and loneliness ΔF(1,1326) = 5.77, P = 0.016 was buffered by resilience. A 3-way interaction between resilient buffering, stress, and sex was significant ΔF(1,1325) = 4.76, P = 0.029. Participants reported less than excellent adherence to medication (33%), disruption to mental health services (11%), and disruption to substance abuse treatment (1.3%) during lockdown. DISCUSSION: The impact of COVID-stress and lockdown on emotional distress seemed mitigated by resilience coping strategies, and the buffering impact of resilience on perceived stress was greater among women. Results highlight PLWH's capacity to adhere to treatment in challenging circumstances and the importance of developing resilience skills for better coping with stress and adversity.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Saúde Mental/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático Agudo/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/economia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/tendências , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Modelos Logísticos , Solidão , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Mental/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/economia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/economia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores Sexuais , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Apoio Social , Transtornos de Estresse Traumático Agudo/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Epilepsy Behav ; 112: 107493, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess parent satisfaction with the management of ketogenic diet therapies (KDTs) through telemedicine using WhatsApp as the main tool. METHODS: Parent satisfaction was longitudinally evaluated through questionnaires. The survey was developed with Google Questionnaire forms and sent via WhatsApp. The questionnaire consisted of 13 items concerning the management of KDTs using telemedicine in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Our population of patients has limited financial resources and low levels of education. Given that many families did not have either computers or WIFI, or any other access to information or communication technology, WhatsApp was chosen as a tool as it was available on the cell phones of all families and the professionals. RESULTS: Our survey showed that 96.3% of the parents were satisfied with the management of KDTs through telemedicine. The main benefits observed were the possibility of continuing treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic and the ease of accessing the professional team from the comfort of their home. Overall, 72.2% of the families would recommend using telemedicine for KDTs in any situation regardless of the pandemic. None of the families reported that they would recommend against treatment by telemedicine. The availability of a social support network (parents WhatsApp group) coordinated by professionals from the KDT team was considered to be useful by most respondents (90%). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that management of children with DRE on KDTs through telemedicine is feasible, well accepted by the families, and probably as safe as conventional medicine. WhatsApp may be an interesting telemedicine tool to start and maintain KDTs.


Assuntos
Dieta Cetogênica/métodos , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/dietoterapia , Pais/psicologia , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Argentina , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Coronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Assistência à Saúde , Epilepsia Resistente a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Preprint em Espanhol | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-1445

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to describe the spatio-temporal variations in mortality from COVID-19 within the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires (CABA). METHODS: Data referring to the day, month and year, and the place of residence of the people who died from COVID-19 in CABA from March 3 to October 3, 2020 were used. The spatial units were the 48 neighborhoods that make up the CABA and two populations were analyzed (under 60 years and from this age or older). Spatio-temporal scan statistics were used to detect high and low mortality clusters. The percentage of households with Unsatisfied Basic Needs (UBN), as a measure of structural poverty, was compared between neighborhoods belonging to high mortality clusters and neighborhoods belonging to low mortality clusters. RESULTS: The high mortality clusters were located mainly in the southern half of CABA, while the low mortality clusters were located in the west and north of the city. The neighborhoods of high mortality clusters showed higher percentages of households with UBN compared to the neighborhoods belonging to low mortality clusters. DISCUSSION: This study found socio-spatial inequalities in mortality from COVID-19 between neighborhoods in CABA, reflecting a persistent north-south socioeconomic gap for several decades.


INTRODUCCIÓN: El objetivo del presente estudio es describir las variaciones espacio-temporales de la mortalidad por COVID-19 al interior de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires (CABA). MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron datos referidos al día, mes y año, y el lugar de residencia de las personas fallecidas por COVID-19 en la CABA desde el 3 de marzo al 3 de octubre de 2020. Las unidades espaciales fueron los 48 barrios que componen la CABA y se analizaron dos poblaciones (menores de 60 años y a partir de esta edad o mayores). Se emplearon técnicas de escaneo espacio-temporal para detectar conglomerados de mortalidad alta y baja. Se comparó el porcentaje de hogares con Necesidades Básicas Insatisfechas (NBI), como medida de pobreza estructural, entre los barrios pertenecientes a conglomerados de mortalidad alta y los barrios pertenecientes a conglomerados de mortalidad baja. RESULTADOS: Los conglomerados de mortalidad alta se localizaron mayormente en la mitad sur de la CABA, mientras que los conglomerados de mortalidad baja lo hicieron en el oeste y norte de la ciudad. Los barrios de conglomerados de mortalidad alta mostraron mayores porcentajes de hogares con NBI en comparación a los barrios pertenecientes a conglomerados de mortalidad baja. DISCUSIÓN: Este estudio encontró desigualdades socio-espaciales de la mortalidad por COVID-19 entre barrios de la CABA, reflejando una brecha socioeconómica norte-sur persistente desde hace varias décadas.

19.
Res Sq ; 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236005

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic pose significant risk to mental health and may disproportionately affect people living with HIV (PLWH). This study examined the interaction of social support and resilient coping in predicting depressive symptoms among PLWH. Methods : PLWH residing in Buenos Aires, Argentina and in Miami, Florida (US) were asked to complete an anonymous survey on the impact of COVID-19. Statistical analysis included ordinary least squares regression. Results: A total of 1,554 participants were included. Mean age was 47.30 years; 63.7 % were men. A test of three-way interaction of social support resilient coping study site indicated differences by site (b = -0.63.862, p = .043010, 95% CI [-1.24, -0.02.205, 1.52]). In Argentina, at higher social support and resilient coping, depressive symptoms were lowest. At lower social support and resilient coping, depressive symptoms were highest. Discussion: The impact of COVID-19 on mental health illustrates the need to develop innovative strategies to support resilience and to enhance coping with stress and adversity among PLWH.

20.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165959

RESUMO

There is a debate in Argentina about the effectiveness of mandatory lockdown policies containing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 disease. This policy has already 6 months long making it one of the longest in the world. The population effort to comply with the lockdown has been decreasing over time given the economic and social costs that it entails. This contribution analyzes the relationship between mobility and contagion in Argentina at a provincial level. It also models issues of internal political discussion on regional contagion and the effect of protests and unexpected crowd events. I use pool, fixed, and random effects panel data modeling and results show that lockdown in Argentina has been effective in reducing mobility but not in a way that reduces the rate of contagion. Strict lockdown seems to be effective in short periods of time and but extend it without complementary mitigation measures it losses effectiveness. The contagion rate seems to be discretely displaced in time and resurges amidst slowly increasing in mobility.

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