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1.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 4-5, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295311

RESUMO

We are all fatigued, frazzled. Many of us have lost too many and too much, and still more will suffer long-term physical and mental effects. A strange geography has cropped into our lexicon: states, provinces and entire countries mapped by their rates of COVID-19, telling us how dangerous it is to go outside, go to work or school. It is also the geography of health care, leadership and policies that aim to protect people fi rst-or not-the willingness to embrace the simply brilliant and brilliantly simple lessons of public health.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Cuba/epidemiologia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Pandemias
2.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 10-15, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295312

RESUMO

On August 13, 2020, Cuba's national regulatory agency, the Center for Quality Control of Medicines, Equipment and Medical Devices (CECMED), authorized clinical trials for SOBERANA 01-Cuba's fi rst vaccine candidate and the fi rst from Latin America and the Caribbean. On August 24, parallel Phase I/II double blind, randomized, controlled clinical trials were launched at clinical sites in Havana to evaluate the vaccine's safety and immunogenicity. Analysis of results and development of different formulations are currently under way and Phase III clinical trials are planned for early 2021. At the time of writing, a second vaccine candidate, SOBERANA 02, was in late-stage development and preparing to begin separate trials this fall.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , /epidemiologia , Cuba/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Pandemias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
3.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 16-19, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295313

RESUMO

Virologist Dr María Guadalupe Guzmán is recognized as a global leader in dengue research and heads the Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute's work as a WHO/PAHO Collaborating Center for the Study of Dengue and Its Vector. The Institute (IPK) was founded in 1937 and is now Cuba's national reference center for the diagnosis, treatment, control and prevention of communicable diseases. Dr Guzmán is also president of the Cuban Society of Microbiology and Parasitology and directs IPK's Scientifi c Council, which is responsible for setting the Institute's research priorities. A recent h-index analysis found that Dr Guzmán is among the most widelypublished and cited Cuban researchers.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Pesquisa , Academias e Institutos , Cuba/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias
4.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 20-23, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295314

RESUMO

If all physicians are detectives, using their skills to track down what ails body and mind, then epidemiologists are medicine's social detectives, using their training to understand the great calamities of population health. For over 30 years, Dr José Moya has worked in the fi eld since his initial position as head of epidemiology in Ayacucho, in his home country of Peru. His journey into global health began with Doctors Without Borders in Guatemala, Mozambique and Nigeria. Later at PAHO, he was Permanent Representative in Venezuela, after earlier postings as an epidemiologist in Haiti, Mexico, Brazil, the Dominican Republic and Argentina.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde , Cuba/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias
5.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 27-28, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295316

RESUMO

The 2020 fall semester at Havana's Latin American School of Medicine (ELAM) began on an especially somber note: honoring 17 of its alumni felled as they battled COVID-19 in their home countries and beyond. A few were recent graduates among the 30,047 from 118 countries who received scholarships from Cuba to study medicine at ELAM. Others were members of its fi rst graduating class in 2005.


Assuntos
/mortalidade , Faculdades de Medicina , Cuba/epidemiologia , Humanos , América Latina/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Médicos
6.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 29-34, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295317

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic exhibits different characteristics in each country, related to the extent of SARS-CoV-2 local transmission, as well as the speed and effectiveness of epidemic response implemented by authorities. This study presents a descriptive epidemiological analysis of the daily and cumulative incidence of confi rmed cases and deaths in Cuba from COVID-19 in the fi rst 110 days after fi rst-case confi rmation on March 11, 2020. During this period, 2340 cases (20.7 x 100,000 population) were confi rmed, of which 86 patients died (case fatality 3.67%; 52 men and 34 women). Mean age of the deceased was 73.6 years (with a minimum of 35 years and a maximum of 101), with the average age of men lower than that of women. More than 70% of all deceased had associated noncommunicable diseases. The incidence curve ascended for fi ve weeks and then descended steadily. The average number of confi rmed cases and deaths for the last week included (June 23-28, 2020) were 25 and 1 respectively; the curve always moved within the most favorable forecast zone of available mathematical models and the effective reproductive number fell below 1 after the fi fth week following the onset of the epidemic.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Cuba/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias
7.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 83-84, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295325

RESUMO

COVID-19 has dominated the conversation this year. Following the fi rst outbreaks in December 2019, it became clear that older adults were predisposed to greater disease severity and death. What occurred in nursing homes across Europe and the Americas was brutal-as much for the older adults themselves as for their families. Many didn't even get to say goodbye.


Assuntos
Idoso/psicologia , /psicologia , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Fatores Etários , Cuba/epidemiologia , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Pandemias
8.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 85-86, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295326

RESUMO

A perplexing clinical aspect of COVID-19 is presentation of patients with pronounced hypoxemia without expected signs of respiratory distress or dyspnea, even when cyanotic. Nonetheless, these patients frequently leapfrog clinical evolution stages and suffer acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), with concomitant cardiorespiratory arrest and death.[1] This phenomenon is referred to as silent or 'happy' hypoxemia.


Assuntos
/fisiopatologia , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Cuba , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pandemias , /fisiopatologia
9.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(4): 87-88, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295327

RESUMO

At fi rst, COVID-19 was thought to be primarily a respiratory disease, progressing in some patients to serious respiratory symptoms, pneumonia, severe respiratory distress syndrome and even death. Later analysis revealed entire systems were compromised, affecting other vital organs, including the kidneys, and a correlation was observed between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and COVID-19 severity COVID-19 severity.


Assuntos
/complicações , Nefropatias/virologia , /epidemiologia , Cuba , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco
10.
J Interferon Cytokine Res ; 40(12): 578-588, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337933

RESUMO

A previous report on 814 patients who were coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) positive provided preliminary therapeutic efficacy evidence with interferon-α2b (IFN-α2b) in Cuba, from March 11 to April 14, 2020. This study re-evaluates the effectiveness of IFN-α2b during the period from March 11 to June 17, 2020. Patients received a combination of oral antivirals (lopinavir/ritonavir and chloroquine) with intramuscular or subcutaneous administration of IFN-α2b. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients discharged from the hospital; the secondary endpoint was the case fatality rate, and several outcomes related to time variables were also evaluated. From March 11 to June 17, 2,295 patients had been confirmed to be severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive in Cuba, 2,165 were treated with Heberon® Alpha R, and 130 received the approved protocol without IFN. The proportion of fully recovered patients was higher in the IFN-treated compared with the non-IFN-treated group. Prior IFN treatment decreases the likelihood of intensive care and increases the survival after severe or critical diseases. Benefits of IFN were significantly supported by time variables analyzed. This second report confirmed our preliminary evidence about the therapeutic effectiveness of IFN-α2b in SARS-CoV-2 infection and postulated Heberon Alpha R as the main component within antiviral drugs used in the Cuban protocol COVID-19.


Assuntos
/terapia , Interferon alfa-2/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cloroquina/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Cuidados Críticos , Cuba/epidemiologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lopinavir/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ritonavir/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-53122

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. El Sistema Nacional de Salud de Cuba ha logrado garantizar una respuesta eficaz y con equidad en el enfrentamiento a la COVID-19. La cobertura de salud universal y gratuita, basada en la atención primaria, sigue el principio de equidad, por lo que los mayores recursos se asignan a los territorios del estrato socioeconómico más bajo, que concentra mayores riesgos de salud, seguidos de los de estratos medio y alto, en ese orden. Esto permitió tener tasas de letalidad similares en los tres estratos, y a nivel nacional la de Cuba es una de las tasas más bajas de la Región de las Américas. Antes de identificar el primer caso en Cuba, se elaboró el Plan para la Prevención y Control del Coronavirus, con participación multisectorial, y al confirmarse el primer caso se creó el Grupo Temporal de Trabajo para Enfrentar la COVID-19 como órgano asesor del Gobierno. Las acciones de enfrentamiento a la pandemia comienzan en la comunidad con medidas preventivas, continúan en los centros de aislamiento y terminan nuevamente en la comunidad, con acciones de vigilancia y acompañamiento a los enfermos recuperados. Siguiendo el principio de territorialidad, se crearon laboratorios de diagnóstico molecular en las provincias que no lo tenían. La atención médica y los tratamientos gratuitos; la preparación de un plan de gobierno intersectorial nacional único; la utilización de estrategias particulares para la pesquisa, diagnóstico y rastreo de casos; y la implementación de un protocolo universal para la prevención de la enfermedad y el tratamiento de los casos confirmados permitieron el control de la enfermedad con una perspectiva de equidad en salud.


[ABSTRACT]. Cuba's National Health System has managed to guarantee an effective and equitable response to COVID-19. Universal and free health coverage, based on primary care, follows the principle of equity, and the greatest resources are allocated to areas of the lowest socioeconomic stratum (which concentrates the higher health risks), followed by those of medium and high strata, in that order. This allowed for similar mortality rates in the three strata, and Cuban national mortality rate was one of the lowest in the Region of the Americas. Before the first case was identified in Cuba, a Plan for Coronavirus Prevention and Control was elaborated with multisectoral participation, and when the first case was confirmed the Temporary Working Group to Fight COVID-19 was created as an advisory body of the government. The actions to face the pandemic began with preventive measures in the community, continued in the isolation centers and ended again in the community with actions of surveillance and follow up of recovered patients. Following the principle of territoriality, laboratories of molecular diagnosis were created in the provinces that did not have it. Free medical care and treatment; the preparation of a single national intersectoral government plan; the use of particular strategies for research, diagnosis and case tracing; and the implementation of a universal protocol for disease prevention and treatment of confirmed cases allowed to control the disease with a perspective of equity in health.


[RESUMO]. O Sistema Nacional de Saúde de Cuba tem assegurado uma resposta eficaz e com equidade ao enfrentar a pandemia de COVID-19. A cobertura de saúde universal e gratuita baseada na atenção primária se pauta no princípio da equidade. Mais recursos são destinados às áreas de nível socioeconômico mais baixo que concentram risco de saúde maior e a seguir, nesta ordem, às áreas de nível socioeconômico médio e alto. Assim, a taxas de letalidade tem sido semelhante nos três níveis e a taxa nacional é uma das mais baixas da Região. Antes de o primeiro caso de COVID-19 ter sido detectado em Cuba, preparou-se o Plano para prevenção e controle do coronavírus com participação multissetorial. Quando o primeiro caso da doença foi confirmado, instituiu-se o Grupo de trabalho temporário para combater a COVID-19 como um órgão assessor do governo. As ações de combate à pandemia começam na comunidade com medidas preventivas, prosseguem nos centros de isolamento e retornam à comunidade com medidas de vigilância sanitária e o acompanhamento dos pacientes recuperados. E, seguindo o princípio de territorialidade, laboratórios de diagnóstico molecular foram instituídos nas províncias onde eles inexistiam. A atenção médica, o tratamento gratuito, a preparação de um plano de governo único intersetorial nacional, o emprego de estratégias próprias para pesquisa, diagnóstico e rastreio de casos e a implementação de um protocolo universal para prevenção da doença e tratamento dos casos confirmados possibilitaram controlar a doença de uma perspectiva de equidade em saúde.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Equidade em Saúde , Cobertura Universal de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Cuba , Infecções por Coronavirus , Equidade em Saúde , Cobertura Universal de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus , Equidade em Saúde , Cobertura Universal de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde
12.
Preprint em Espanhol | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-1619

RESUMO

Introduction: Initial reports of SARS CoV2 virus infections identified the male sex with the highest incidence and lethality and in women the pregnancy was particularized. Social isolation has an impact on men and women. In Cuba  persons with COVID19 disease have a similar distribution according sex, it would be necessary to identify what occurs in middle-aged women where the biological changes of menopause and the burden of their social work must influence the behavior of the disease. Objective: To describe the incidence and lethality of adults with SARS - Cov2 infection with an emphasis on middle-aged women. Subjects and methods: from the reports of Cuban Ministry of Health the total number of people aged between 20-50 years was extract, grouped into 20-39; 40-49; 50-59 years that according to the cycle llife of the woman  were considered reproductive years, years of transition to menopause and posmenopausal years. We calculated incidence rate and lethality according sex and age subgropus. Results: Adults aged 20-59 years were the ones with the highest incidence among patients with active disease, with higher rate in women between 50-59 years. Mortalitty with higher in the male sex and in postmenopausal women. Alcoholism was present in the mortality in men aged 20-29 years. Conclusions: It is necessary to visualize the influence between the biological changes associated with menopause and gender overload on the behavior of COVID19 in middle-aged women.


Introducción: Reportes iníciales de la infección por virus SARS CoV2 identificaron el sexo masculino con mayor riesgo de incidencia y letalidad, y en la mujer se particularizo el embarazo. El aislamiento social tiene impacto en hombres y mujeres. En Cuba, las personas con la enfermedad COVID 19 tienen distribución similar según sexos, seria pertinente identificar  que ocurre en la mujer de edad mediana, donde los cambios biológicos de la menopausia y la sobrecarga  de su labor social, deben  influir en el comportamiento de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Describir la incidencia y letalidad de los adultos con infección por el virus SARS-CoV2 con énfasis en la mujer de edad mediana. Metodología: De los reportes del Ministerio de Salud Pública de Cuba se extrajeron: total de personas de ambos sexos con edades entre 20-59, agrupadas 20-39; 40-49 y 50-59 años, que según el ciclo de vida de la mujer fueron considerados años: reproductivos, en transición a la menopausia y de posmenopausia respectivamente. Se calcularon: la tasa de incidencia y la letalidad según sexo,  y  subconjunto de edades. Resultados: Los adultos entre 20 y 59 años fueron los de mayor incidencia entre los pacientes activos. La  tasa, superior en las mujeres con edades entre  50- 59 años. La letalidad fue mayor en el sexo masculino,  y en las mujeres en el grupo de posmenopausia. El alcoholismo estuvo presente en  la mortalidad en varones entre 20- 29 años. Conclusiones: se requiere visualizar la  influencia entre los cambios biológicos asociados con la menopausia  y la sobrecarga de género en el comportamiento de la COVID19  en la mujer de edad mediana.

13.
Humanidad. med ; 20(3): 495-509, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143060

RESUMO

RESUMEN Se explicitan los elementos que distinguen el principio de precaución como principio del derecho internacional y se realiza una síntesis de las medidas fundamentales adoptadas por el Estado Cubano para prevenir, controlar, proteger y mitigar los riesgos e impactos negativos provocados por la enfermedad COVID- 19. Se evidencia cómo estas medidas impactan favorablemente en la situación epidemiológica del país.


ABSTRACT The elements that distinguish the precaution principle as a principle of international law are made explicit and a synthesis of the fundamental measures adopted by the Cuban State to prevent, control, protect and mitigate the risks and negative impacts caused by the COVID-19 disease is made. It is evident how these measures have a favorable impact on the epidemiological situation in the country.

14.
Medisan ; 24(6): 1114-1127, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143262

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha provocado actualmente una contingencia epidemiológica internacional. Objetivo: Caracterizar los internamientos hospitalarios a causa de la COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva y transversal en la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, desde marzo hasta mayo de 2020, de las 3 491 personas internadas a causa de la COVID-19 en las diferentes unidades designadas para ello de acuerdo a categorías establecidas: "sospechoso" (presunto caso), "confirmado" (paciente con positividad por el virus SARS-CoV-2) o "contacto" (aquel que hubiera tenido algún tipo de contacto con una persona contagiada). Asimismo, se analizaron variables demográficas por edad y sexo y se tuvieron en cuenta otras, como lugar de residencia, número de camas por hospitales, clasificación de los pacientes y número de pruebas de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa realizadas en tiempo real. Resultados: Se obtuvo que el municipio de Santiago de Cuba presentó la mayor cifra de infectados por el coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 y que el Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico Universitario Dr. Ambrosio Grillo Portuondo ingresó a un porcentaje superior de pacientes (70,7 %); de igual modo, la mayoría de la serie correspondió al grupo etario de 25 a 59 años y al sexo femenino. Fue sobresaliente que se realizara la prueba de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa en tiempo real a 83,3 % de las personas internadas. Conclusiones: Partiendo de un enfoque sociodemográfico, en este estudio se pudo evaluar la incidencia de casos asociados a la COVID-19 en la provincia de Santiago de Cuba de acuerdo a las camas disponibles para la hospitalización y a la clasificación establecida a tal efecto (sospechosos, confirmados y contactos).


ABSTRACT Introduction: The pandemic of COVID-19 has caused an international epidemiologic contingency at the moment. Objective: To characterize the hospitalizations due to the COVID-19. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional investigation was carried out in Santiago de Cuba, from March to May, 2020, of the 3 491 patients admitted due to the COVID-19 in the different units designated for it according to established categories: "suspected" (presumed case), "confirmed" (patient with positive result for the SARS-CoV-2 virus) or "contact" (someone that had had some type of contact with a contaminated person). Also, demographic variables were analyzed by age and sex and some others were taken into account, such as residence place, number of beds in hospitals, classification of patients and number of polymerase chain reaction tests carried out in real time. Results: It was obtained that the municipality of Santiago de Cuba presented the highest number of people infected by the coronavirus and that Dr. Ambrosio Grillo Portuondo Clinical Surgical University Hospital admitted a higher percentage of patients (70.7 %); in a same way, most of the series corresponded to the 25 to 59 age group and the female sex. It was outstanding that the polymerase chain reaction test in real time was carried out to 83.3 % of admitted patients. Conclusions: Taking the sociodemographic approach as a starting point, with this study the incidence of cases associated with the COVID-19 in Santiago de Cuba province could be evaluated according to the available beds for the hospitalization and the established classification to such an effect (suspected, confirmed and contacts).

15.
Medisan ; 24(6): 1256-1265,
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143273

RESUMO

RESUMEN Ante la inminente situación mundial a partir del brote de la COVID-19, las organizaciones Mundial y Panamericana de la Salud, han trabajado en el control del virus. El sistema de salud cubano, a través del actuar comunitario con estudiantes y profesores, unido a la labor preventiva, permitió mitigar el riesgo que constituye esta enfermedad para la salud. A tales efectos, se comenta brevemente sobre la organización docente en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba, donde, de forma virtual y bajo condiciones diferentes, se diseñó un nuevo escenario docente para garantizar la culminación de las asignaturas que no forman parte del currículo base del plan de estudio vigente, según las carreras y los diferentes años académicos.


ABSTRACT In view of the imminent world situation taking the COVID-19 outbreak as a starting point, the Health World and Pan-American organizations, have worked in the control of virus. The Cuban health system, through community performance with students and professors, along with preventive work, allowed to mitigate the risk that this disease constitutes for the human health. To such effects, it is briefly commented on the teaching organization in the University of Medical Sciences from Santiago de Cuba, where, in a virtual way and under different conditions, a new teaching scenario was designed to guarantee the ending of the subjects that are not part of the basic curriculum in the existing plan of study, according to the careers and the different academic years.

16.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 12(2): e384, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144458

RESUMO

En Epidemiología, han jugado un importante papel los Modelos Poblacionales que dividen a la población de estudio en subpoblaciones según los atributos que las distinguen, lo que permite representar la dinámica de contagio social de una determinada enfermedad, especialmente en momentos de brote epidémico. En el presente trabajo se explica cómo se representa la transmisión de enfermedades a través de modelos matemáticos definidos por ecuaciones diferenciales. En esta propuesta se formula un modelo matemático definido por ecuaciones diferenciales para representar la transmisión del SarsCov2 distinguiendo entre las poblaciones de infectados sintomáticos y asintomáticos de la CoVid19, con funciones que simulan las acciones gubernamentales e individuales ante la percepción de riesgo. También se presenta un análisis de los resultados obtenidos en Cuba(AU)


In Epidemiology, Population Models have played an important role, dividing the study population into subpopulations according to the attributes that distinguish them, allowing the dynamics of social contagion of a given disease to be represented, especially at times of epidemic outbreak. This work explains how the transmission of diseases is represented through mathematical models defined by differential equations. In this proposal, a mathematical model defined by differential equations is formulated to represent the transmission of SarsCov2, distinguishing between symptomatic and asymptomatic infected populations of CoVid19, with functions that simulate government and individual actions in the face of risk perception. An analysis of the results obtained in Cuba is also presented(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Modelos Estatísticos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Cuba
17.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 12(2): e405, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144457

RESUMO

Se presenta el Pesquisador Virtual, solución informática desarrollada por la Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas (UCI) en colaboración con el Ministerio de Salud Pública (MINSAP), que mediante encuestas permite captar información del estado de salud (síntomas y padecimientos) de la población, como complemento al proceso de pesquisa activa, en el marco del enfrentamiento epidemiológico a la pandemia COVID-19. Para la realización de la encuesta se cuenta con una solución móvil y una solución Web. El resultado de la encuesta (información estadística y nominal) es monitorizada en tiempo real mediante gráficos y estadísticas por las diferentes instancias del MINSAP, tanto a nivel nacional como provincial y municipal, mostrando reportes personalizados según el nivel de acceso en dependencia del nivel del organismo. Con esta información, diferentes instancias del sistema de Salud actúan de manera inmediata, sobre todo la atención primaria de salud (APS), para evitar la propagación de la epidemia y la atención temprana de posibles contagiados(AU)


This article presents Pesquisador Virtual, a computer solution developed by the University of Informatics Sciences (UCI) in collaboration with the Ministry of Public Health (MINSAP), which, through surveys, allows the capture of information about the population's health status, as a complement to the active inquiry process in the context of the epidemiological response to the COVID-19 pandemic. A mobile and Web solutions are available for the presentation of the survey. The results of the survey (statistical and nominal information) are monitored in real time through graphics and statistics by the different MINSAP structures at the national, provincial and municipal levels, with variable access depending on the level of the structures. With this information, different departments of the health system act immediately, especially Primary Health Care (APS), to prevent the spread of the epidemic and to provide early care for those who may be infected(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Aplicações da Informática Médica , Programas de Rastreamento , Infecções por Coronavirus , Cuba
18.
Death Stud ; : 1-5, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33276708

RESUMO

This study explores the psychometric properties of the Cuban version of Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS). The sample comprised 376 Cuban participants. Concurrent validity and reliability were examined. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed. The CAS showed excellent psychometric characteristics. The internal consistency was very good (α = 0.88). There was a positive correlation between the CAS and the FCV-19S and an inverse association between anxiety and self-perceived quality of health. The results confirmed the presence of a single factor. The CAS is a valid and reliable instrument to explore the experience of anxiety in the Cuban population.

19.
MEDICC Rev ; 22(2): 50-52, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295309

RESUMO

Following identifi cation of the coronavirus disease COVID-19, Cuba activated its National Action Plan for Epidemics and convened a National Intersectoral Commission to design measures to protect population health. Following approval of the COVID-19 Prevention and Control Plan, scores of measures were implemented to fi ght the pandemic. Internationally and in Cuba, these are organized according to three epidemiological phases: stage 1, pre-epidemic; stage 2, limited local transmission; and stage 3, epidemic. As of this writing, Cuba is in Stage 2. Actions and measures have been rolled out gradually and systematically.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Cuba/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias
20.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 44: e138, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337442

RESUMO

Cuba's National Health System has managed to guarantee an effective and equitable response to COVID-19. Universal and free health coverage, based on primary care, follows the principle of equity, and the greatest resources are allocated to areas of the lowest socioeconomic stratum (which concentrates the higher health risks), followed by those of medium and high strata, in that order. This allowed for similar mortality rates in the three strata, and Cuban national mortality rate was one of the lowest in the Region of the Americas. Before the first case was identified in Cuba, a Plan for Coronavirus Prevention and Control was elaborated with multisectoral participation, and when the first case was confirmed the Temporary Working Group to Fight COVID-19 was created as an advisory body of the government. The actions to face the pandemic began with preventive measures in the community, continued in the isolation centers and ended again in the community with actions of surveillance and follow up of recovered patients. Following the principle of territoriality, laboratories of molecular diagnosis were created in the provinces that did not have it. Free medical care and treatment; the preparation of a single national intersectoral government plan; the use of particular strategies for research, diagnosis and case tracing; and the implementation of a universal protocol for disease prevention and treatment of confirmed cases allowed to control the disease with a perspective of equity in health.

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