Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 61
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Filtros aplicados
  • País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Vacunas ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512219

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess if seven demographic variables (age, gender, religion, ethnicity, income, educational level, and political views) are predictive of Covid-19 vaccine hesitancyMaterial and methods: 327 participants completed a survey asking questions regarding each of the variables. RESULTS: Age, gender and political views have no statistically significant correlation with vaccine hesitancy. Ethnicity and religion are predictive of vaccine hesitancy. Income has a weak negative correlation with Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy, and educational level has a moderate negative correlation with Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy. CONCLUSION: In order to curb Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy, public health authorities in Venezuela need to focus efforts on marginalized ethnic groups, Protestants, and those with lower levels of education.

2.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 9(7)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358135

RESUMO

Testing and isolation have been crucial for controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. Venezuela has one of the weakest testing infrastructures in Latin America and the low number of reported cases in the country has been attributed to substantial underreporting. However, the Venezuelan epidemic seems to have lagged behind other countries in the region, with most cases occurring within the capital region and four border states. Here, we describe the spatial epidemiology of COVID-19 in Venezuela and its relation to the population mobility, migration patterns, non-pharmaceutical interventions and fuel availability that impact population movement. Using a metapopulation model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission dynamics, we explore how movement patterns could have driven the observed distribution of cases. Low within-country connectivity most likely delayed the onset of the epidemic in most states, except for those bordering Colombia and Brazil, where high immigration seeded outbreaks. NPIs slowed early epidemic growth and subsequent fuel shortages appeared to be responsible for limiting the spread of COVID-19 across the country.

3.
Int J Infect Dis ; 110: 410-416, 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the genomic epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2 from Venezuelan migrants living in Colombia. METHODS: This study sequenced SARS-CoV-2 from 30 clinical specimens collected from Venezuelan migrants. Genomes were compared with the Wuhan reference genome to identify polymorphisms, reconstruct phylogenetic relationships and perform comparative genomic analyses. Geographic, sociodemographic and clinical data were also studied across genotypes. RESULTS: This study demonstrated the presence of six distinct SARS-CoV-2 lineages circulating among Venezuelan migrants, as well as a close relationship between SARS-CoV-2 genomic sequences obtained from individuals living in the Venezuelan-Colombian border regions of La Guajira (Colombia) and Zulia (Venezuela). Three clusters (C-1, C-2 and C-3) were well supported by phylogenomic inference, supporting the hypothesis of three potential transmission routes across the Colombian-Venezuelan border. These genomes included point mutations previously associated with increased infectivity. A mutation (L18F) in the N-terminal domain of the spike protein that has been associated with compromised binding of neutralizing antibodies was found in 2 of 30 (6.6%) genomes. A statistically significant association was identified with symptomatology for cluster C2. CONCLUSION: The close phylogenetic relationships between SARS-CoV-2 genomes from Venezuelan migrants and from people living at the Venezuela-Colombian border support the importance of human movements for the spread of COVID-19 and for emerging virus variants.

6.
Nature ; 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453147
7.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(12)2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198627

RESUMO

In this paper, we group South American countries based on the number of infected cases and deaths due to COVID-19. The countries considered are: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The data used are collected from a database of Johns Hopkins University, an institution that is dedicated to sensing and monitoring the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic. A statistical analysis, based on principal components with modern and recent techniques, is conducted. Initially, utilizing the correlation matrix, standard components and varimax rotations are calculated. Then, by using disjoint components and functional components, the countries are grouped. An algorithm that allows us to keep the principal component analysis updated with a sensor in the data warehouse is designed. As reported in the conclusions, this grouping changes depending on the number of components considered, the type of principal component (standard, disjoint or functional) and the variable to be considered (infected cases or deaths). The results obtained are compared to the k-means technique. The COVID-19 cases and their deaths vary in the different countries due to diverse reasons, as reported in the conclusions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Argentina , Brasil , Chile , Colômbia , Equador , Humanos , Peru , Análise de Componente Principal , SARS-CoV-2 , Uruguai , Venezuela
8.
Front Public Health ; 9: 633723, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327183

RESUMO

Background: The deterioration of Venezuela's health system in recent years undoubtedly contributes to an increased impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding healthcare workers' (HCWs) knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) toward COVID-19 in the early stages of the pandemic could inform their medical training and improve their preparedness. Methods: A online national cross-sectional survey was conducted between May 26th and May 30th, 2020, to assess KAPs among HCWs in Venezuela. Results: A total of 1,441 HCWs from all 24 regions of the country responded to the survey. The mean age of the HCWs was 44 (SD [standard deviation] 14) years; most were women (66.4%). Most HCWs were specialized doctors (48%), followed by nurses (13%) and resident doctors (12.3%). The majority of HCWs had good knowledge (76.3%), obtained information mainly from scientific literature (85.4%); had negative attitudes (53.6%), felt uncomfortable with their work during the current pandemic (59.8%); and reported appropriate practices (76.9%). However, participation in COVID-19 related training was absent in more than half of the HCWs. Positive attitudes were significantly more frequent in frontline workers than in non-frontline workers (p = 0.001). Bioanalysts, students, and doctors were more likely to have good knowledge; participating in training was a predictor for positive attitudes and older age was an appropriate practice predictor. Conclusions: HCWs, knowledge in Venezuela could be improved by strengthening education and training programs. Strategies should focus on reducing fear and improving attitudes toward the care of COVID-19 patients, as well as the promotion of preventive practices.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adolescente , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Venezuela
9.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 78(2): 210-218, 2021 06 28.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181830

RESUMO

Introduction: University students need memory to manage the learning processes based on metacognition and in this way they can respond to future demands as professionals. Methods: was structured with a quantitative approach, comparative type, non-experimental cross-sectional design, the sample consisted of 237 responses from students. Results: the age was 26.45 ± 8.96 years, 66% female and 34% male, students older than 27 years had a higher average in the use of memory strategies (p = 0.003); a longer semester was obtained, the average perception of the strategy increased (p = 0.027). When using ICT, the perception of satisfaction (p = 0.014), competence (p <0.001), strategy (p = 0.004) and general memory (p = 0.001) decrease. Conclusions: the subjects showed a perception of memory approximately the same according to sex, it was found that, at an older age, there was a better perception of the strategy and in terms of regions of origin, the students of the University of Los Andes reported an average of satisfaction lower than that of students from other study houses, and a higher average in relation to the perception of competence. Regarding the use of ICT and the perception of memory, it shows that students who do not use mobile devices before going to sleep have a more satisfactory perception of their general memory, as well as their perception of competence and strategy.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Universidades , Humanos , Percepção , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudantes
10.
Rev. colomb. psicol ; 30(1): 79-88, ene.-jun. 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251620

RESUMO

Abstract Although researchers have not satisfactorily tracked the origins of COVID-19, there are no indications that this virus has been engineered by human beings. Yet, conspiracy theories blaming either the United States or China, are increasingly popular. For a greater research project to be developed in the future, a pilot study was done, where 165 Venezuelan students were asked in a survey to rate their agreement with conspiracy theories about COVID-19. Although the majority of subjects were skeptical of these claims, the percentage of acceptance of COVID-19 conspiracy theories was still fairly high, if compared to other medical conspiracy theories. Educational level was not a significant predictive factor in acceptance of these conspiracy theories. Acceptance of other conspiracy theories has a significant relation, but only if they cohere with ideological positioning in the Venezuelan context. Likewise, ethnicity also correlated with belief in COVID-19 conspiracy theories, but again, mediated by political alignments in the Venezuelan context.


Resumen A pesar de que los investigadores no han ubicado satisfactoriamente los orígenes de la COVID-19, no hay indicaciones de que el virus haya sido diseñado por seres humanos. No obstante, cada vez son más populares las teorías de conspiración que culpan a EE. UU. o China. Para un proyecto de investigación de mayor envergadura que será desarrollado en el futuro, se hizo un estudio piloto, en el que a 165 estudiantes venezolanos se les pidió en una encuesta que evaluaran su nivel de acuerdo con algunas teorías de conspiración respecto a la COVID-19. A pesar de que la mayoría se mantuvo escéptica respecto a estos alegatos, el porcentaje de aceptación de teorías de conspiración sobre COVID-19 es alto, si se compara con otras teorías de conspiración relacionadas con la medicina. La educación no fue un factor predictivo significativo a favor de la aceptación de estas teorías de conspiración. La aceptación de otras teorías de conspiración tuvo una relación significativa, pero solo si mantienen coherencia con posturas ideológicas en el contexto venezolano. Del mismo modo, la etnicidad también tuvo una correlación con la creencia en las teorías de conspiración sobre la COVID-19, pero una vez más esto estuvo mediado por alineaciones políticas en el contexto venezolano.

12.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0249022, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33857159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 threatens health systems worldwide, but Venezuela's system is particularly vulnerable. To prevent the spread of COVID-19, individuals must adopt preventive behaviors. However, to encourage behavior change, we must first understand current knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) that inform response to this health threat. METHODS: We explored KAPs among Venezuelans using a cross-sectional, internet-based questionnaire. The questionnaire explored individuals' knowledge about COVID-19; their attitudes toward the world's and the Venezuelan authorities' abilities to control it; and their self-reported practices. We also collected demographic data. Binomial logistic regression analyses were used to predict the adoption of preventive behaviors based on demographic variables, individual knowledge level, and individual attitudes. RESULTS: 3122 individuals completed the questionnaire. Participants had a high level of knowledge about COVID-19. They expressed high levels of optimism that the world would eventually control COVID-19, but they were very pessimistic about the public authorities in Venezuela. Most participants adopted preventive practices. Binomial regression suggests younger people, less educated people, and manual laborers hold lower levels of knowledge, and these groups, as well as men, were less likely to adopt preventive practices. Knowledge, by itself, had no association with optimism and little association with self-reported practices. CONCLUSIONS: As other KAP studies in Latin America found, knowledge is not sufficient to prompt behavior change. Venezuelans' pessimism about their own country's ability should be explored in greater depth. Health promotion in Venezuela may wish to target the most at risk groups: men, younger people, less educated people, and manual laborers.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adulto , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Venezuela/epidemiologia
13.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 10(1): 255, abr. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147589

RESUMO

A principios del nuevo milenio surgió el concepto del "Trauma urbano moderno", sustentando en la experiencia de varios conflagraciones en zonas densamente pobladas. Fue definido como un conflicto violento, cerrado, con heridas destructivas y de difícil acceso para su evacuación. Su manejo incluyo el cuestionamiento de viejos dogmas y la incorporación de nuevas estrategias. El motín del reten "La Planta", el incremento en las detonaciones por granadas fragmentarias y los graves enfrentamientos entre bandas delictivas o contra cuerpos de seguridad, en diversas zonas de Caracas indican el establecimiento de una modalidad mas agresiva de violencia. Los cirujanos capitalinos se enfrentan con más frecuencia a lesiones severas y múltiples. El personal medico requiere la adecuada comprensión y preparación para afrontar este nuevo tipo de heridas. La reciente enfermedad Covid 19 representa un desafió agregado en el abordaje de los pacientes con traumatismos(AU)


The experience in many combats in densely populated urban areas, determined the new concept of "Modern urban warfare" in the beginning of the new millennium. This definition is a warfare violent, close-quarter, with destructive injuries and the delayed of evacuation. New innovations were incorporate. The revolt in the "La Planta" prison, the increase of grenades explosions and engagement between criminal organized, in many zones of Caracas, illustrated this new definition. The venezuelans surgeons attended many severe and multiple injuries. The surgical personal need understand this new kind of injuries. The new disease Covid 19 represents a challenge in the attention of these patients(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , População Urbana , Ferimentos e Lesões , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Violência com Arma de Fogo , Médicos , Prisões , Venezuela , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , COVID-19
14.
Medwave ; 21(1): e8103, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617522

RESUMO

Introduction: International migration is a social determinant of health. The past decade has seen a large exodus of Venezuelans within Latin America, including Chile. In the past months, the world has been facing the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic and its respiratory disease COVID-19. Objective: To explore what factors are associated with feeling prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic among the Venezuelan population residing in Chile. Methods: Cross-sectional quantitative study with an opinion poll design. An online self-reported survey in Spanish and Creole was designed and piloted with experts and international migrants. It was disseminated to various international migrant groups through networks of migrant and pro-migrant organizations and the Chilean public health care network across the national territory. An effective sample size for analysis of 1690 participants was reached, of which 1008 (60%) were from Venezuela and included in this analysis. Feeling prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic (yes/no) among Venezuelan migrants was described, as well as relevant variables like sex, level of education, length of stay, healthcare provision, anxiety or depression due to COVID-19, confinement, and evaluation of the quality of the information provided by the COVID-19 government. Results: 65% of the Venezuelan participants reported not feeling prepared for the pandemic. Compared to Venezuelan migrants who feel prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic, migrants who reported not feeling prepared were in a higher proportion female, with secondary education level, had arrived in Chile in the past year, do not have a job but want to work, and belong to the public healthcare provision. Discussion: Receiving good quality information on the pandemic and mental health symptoms are important factors associated with feeling prepared to face COVID-19 in Venezuelan migrants in Chile, suggesting that increased attention towards the physical and mental health of Venezuelan migrants in Chile and the region is needed.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , COVID-19 , Migrantes/psicologia , Adulto , Chile , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Opinião Pública , Venezuela/etnologia
15.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0247196, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606828

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 is the new coronavirus responsible for COVID-19 disease. The first two cases of COVID-19 were detected in Venezuela on March 13, 2020. The aim of this study was the genetic characterization of Venezuelan SARS-CoV-2 isolates. A total of 7 full SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences were obtained by Sanger sequencing, from patients of different regions of Venezuela, mainly from the beginning of the epidemic. Ten out of 11 isolates (6 complete genomes and 4 partial spike genomic regions) belonged to lineage B, bearing the D614G mutation in the Spike protein. Isolates from the first outbreak that occurred in the Margarita Island harbored an in-frame deletion in its sequence, without amino acids 83-85 of the NSP1 of the ORF1. The search for deletions in 48,635 sequences showed that the NSP1 gene exhibit the highest frequency of deletions along the whole genome. Structural analysis suggests a change in the N-terminal domain with the presence of this deletion. In contrast, isolates circulating later in this island lacked the deletion, suggesting new introductions to the island after this first outbreak. In conclusion, a high diversity of SARS-CoV-2 isolates were found circulating in Venezuela, with predominance of the D614G mutation. The first small outbreak in Margarita Island seemed to be associated with a strain carrying a small deletion in the NSP1 protein, but these isolates do not seem to be responsible for the larger outbreak which started in July.


Assuntos
COVID-19/genética , Variação Genética , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Humanos , Domínios Proteicos , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Venezuela
16.
Rev. venez. cir ; 74(1): 3-9, 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1283520

RESUMO

Desde el inicio de la pandemia COVID 19, los países más afectados, incluyendo el nuestro, redistribuyeron la actividad asistencial en hospitales para asignar recursos humanos, camas, quirófano y unidades de cuidados intensivos a la atención de pacientes sintomáticos o críticamente enfermos. Como resultado, el volumen de consultas externas, procedimientos y cirugías electivas ha mermado considerablemente, ocasionando una subsecuente acumulación de casos quirúrgicos que pudiesen orientarse vía remota y salvaguardar la salud del personal de salud, reducir el riesgo de exposición de pacientes quirúrgicos, mantener la práctica clínica, y fomentar la incorporación de herramientas tecnológicas a la atención del paciente en tiempos de contingencia. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer un sistema de evaluación y clasificación de casos de manera remota a través de preconsultas vía videollamadas de WhatsApp que faciliten y agilicen la priorización, diagnóstico y derivación preoperatoria en los servicios quirúrgicos de hospitales; permitiendo además mantener tanto a paciente como personal de salud lo menos expuestos a riesgo de contagio y garantizando la continuidad de la consulta externa durante la cuarentena(AU)


Since the beginning of the COVID 19 pandemic, the most affected countries, including ours, have redistributed healthcare activity in hospitals to allocate human resources, beds, operating rooms and intensive care units to care for symptomatic or critically ill patients. As a result, the volume of outpatient consultations, procedures and elective surgeries has decreased considerably, causing a subsequent accumulation of surgical cases that could be oriented remotely and safeguard the health of health personnel, reduce the risk of exposure of surgical patients, maintain the practice clinic, and promote the incorporation of technological tools to patient care in times of contingency. The objective of this work is to propose a system for the evaluation and classification of cases remotely through pre-consultations via WhatsApp video calls that facilitate and speed up the prioritization, diagnosis and preoperative referral in the surgical services of hospitals; also allowing to keep both the patient and health personnel the least exposed to the risk of contagion and guaranteeing the continuity of the external consultation during the quarantine(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Prática Profissional , Consulta Remota , Comunicação em Saúde , COVID-19 , Quarentena , Medicina Geral , Pandemias
17.
Medwave ; 21(1): e8103, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282817

RESUMO

Introducción La migración internacional es un determinante social de la salud que puede influir en los resultados de salud de un individuo y su comunidad. La última década ha experimentado un gran éxodo desde Venezuela a otros países de la región, incluido Chile. En los últimos meses, el mundo se ha enfrentado a la pandemia de coronavirus del SARS-CoV-2 y su enfermedad respiratoria COVID-19. Objetivo Explorar qué factores están asociados con sentirse preparado para enfrentar la pandemia de COVID-19 entre la población venezolana que reside en Chile. Métodos Estudio cuantitativo transversal, siguiendo el diseño de una encuesta de opinión. Encuesta auto-aplicada en línea en español y Creol haitiano, que fue diseñada y puesta a prueba con expertos y migrantes internacionales. Se difundió a varios grupos internacionales de migrantes a través de redes de organizaciones de migrantes y pro-migrantes, así como a través de la red chilena de atención de salud pública en todo el territorio nacional. Tamaño de muestra de 1690 participantes, de los cuales 1008 (60%) eran de Venezuela y se incluyeron en este análisis descriptivo. Se analizó en forma descriptiva la variable principal sentirse preparado para enfrentar la pandemia de COVID-19 (sí/no) así como las variables sexo, nivel educacional, tiempo de estadía en Chile, tipo de previsión de salud, ansiedad o depresión debido a COVID-19, cumplimiento de confinamiento y evaluación de calidad de la información sobre COVID-19 que se ha recibido de autoridades y equipos de salud. Resultados 65% de los participantes venezolanos informaron no sentirse preparados para la pandemia. En comparación con los migrantes venezolanos que se sienten preparados para enfrentar la pandemia de COVID-19, los migrantes venezolanos que reportaron no sentirse preparados eran en mayor proporción mujeres, con nivel de educación secundaria, habían llegado a Chile en el último año, no tienen trabajo pero quieren trabajar, y pertenecer a la prestación sanitaria pública. Discusión Recibir información de buena calidad sobre la pandemia y la salud mental son factores importantes asociados con sentirse preparado para enfrentar COVID-19 en migrantes venezolanos en Chile, lo cual sugiere que se necesita más atención en la salud física y mental de los migrantes venezolanos en Chile y en la región.


Introduction International migration is a social determinant of health. The past decade has seen a large exodus of Venezuelans within Latin America, including Chile. In the past months, the world has been facing the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus pandemic and its respiratory disease COVID-19. Objective To explore what factors are associated with feeling prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic among the Venezuelan population residing in Chile. Methods Cross-sectional quantitative study with an opinion poll design. An online self-reported survey in Spanish and Creole was designed and piloted with experts and international migrants. It was disseminated to various international migrant groups through networks of migrant and pro-migrant organizations and the Chilean public health care network across the national territory. An effective sample size for analysis of 1690 participants was reached, of which 1008 (60%) were from Venezuela and included in this analysis. Feeling prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic (yes/no) among Venezuelan migrants was described, as well as relevant variables like sex, level of education, length of stay, healthcare provision, anxiety or depression due to COVID-19, confinement, and evaluation of the quality of the information provided by the COVID-19 government. Results 65% of the Venezuelan participants reported not feeling prepared for the pandemic. Compared to Venezuelan migrants who feel prepared to face the COVID-19 pandemic, migrants who reported not feeling prepared were in a higher proportion female, with secondary education level, had arrived in Chile in the past year, do not have a job but want to work, and belong to the public healthcare provision. Discussion Receiving good quality information on the pandemic and mental health symptoms are important factors associated with feeling prepared to face COVID-19 in Venezuelan migrants in Chile, suggesting that increased attention towards the physical and mental health of Venezuelan migrants in Chile and the region is needed.

18.
Global Health ; 16(1): 118, 2020 12 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2016 Venezuela has seen a collapse in its economy and public health infrastructure resulting in a humanitarian crisis and massive outward migration. With the emergence of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 at the end of 2019, the public health emergency within its borders and in neighboring countries has become more severe and as increasing numbers of Venezuelans migrants return home or get stuck along migratory routes, new risks are emerging in the region. RESULTS: Despite clear state obligations to respect, protect and fulfil the rights to health and related economic, social, civil and political rights of its population, in Venezuela, co-occurring malaria and COVID-19 epidemics are propelled by a lack of public investment in health, weak governance, and violations of human rights, especially for certain underserved populations like indigenous groups. COVID-19 has put increased pressure on Venezuelan and regional actors and healthcare systems, as well as international public health agencies, to deal with a domestic and regional public health emergency. CONCLUSIONS: International aid and cooperation for Venezuela to deal with the re-emergence of malaria and the COVID-19 spread, including lifting US-enforced economic sanctions that limit Venezuela's capacity to deal with this crisis, is critical to protecting rights and health in the country and region.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Emigração e Imigração/estatística & dados numéricos , Direitos Humanos/normas , Malária/transmissão , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Recessão Econômica/estatística & dados numéricos , Direitos Humanos/tendências , Humanos , Malária/epidemiologia , Refugiados/estatística & dados numéricos , Venezuela/epidemiologia
19.
Bol. venez. infectol ; 31(2): 87-93, jul-dic 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252743

RESUMO

El binomio madre-hijo es una población muy especial y recibe toda la atención social para asegurar su protección y asistencia. La pandemia de la COVID-19 con más de 1 año de duración es un riesgo para muchos grupos vulnerables ya identificados con los estudios epidemiológicos donde resaltan las personas mayores de 65 años, personas con comorbilidades tipo obesidad, hipertensión diabetes, enfermedades cardiovasculares e inmunosupresoras. Se revisan las estadísticas de la COVID-19 en la población general y en las gestantes, con especial revisión de la región de las Américas y Venezuela. Las embarazadas han sido estudiadas durante la pandemia y se concluye que es una población de riesgo más vulnerable a complicaciones durante la gestación, en parto el puerperio y su producto durante la vida neonatal mayor riesgo de enfermar grave y requerir cuidados intensivos. Se insta a los grupos de investigación incorporarse en los protocolos de monitoreo internacionales, y seguir estudiando la COVID-19 en la embarazada y el feto.


The mother-child binomial is a very special population and receives all the social care to ensure its protection and assistance. The COVID-19 pandemic lasting more than 1 year is a risk for many vulnerable groups already identified with epidemiological studies highlighting people over the age of 65, people with obesity-like comorbidities, diabetes hypertension, cardiovascular disease and immunosuppressants. Statistics of the COVID-19 pandemic in the general population and pregnant women are reviewed, with special revision of the Americas and Venezuela region. Pregnant women have been studied during the pandemic and it is concluded that it is a population at risk more vulnerable to complications during pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and its product during neonatal life increased risk of serious illness and intensive care. Research groups are encouraged to join international monitoring protocols, and further study COVID-19 in pregnant women and fetuses.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...