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1.
F1000Res ; 11: 1086, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36176547

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic profoundly changed how scientific conferences are organized, fostering virtual meetings. These online events have allowed students and researchers to overcome geographical, administrative and economic barriers to attend and organize high-quality international symposiums. Moreover, these virtual conferences have contributed to the creation of inclusive activities that strengthen scientific communities. Here, we summarize the main activities and learnings from the 1st Ecuadorian-Venezuelan Symposium of Young Bioinformatics Researchers (1SEVJIB), organized by the Ecuadorian and Venezuelan ISCB-SC Regional Student Groups (RSGs). This symposium aimed to provide an opportunity for undergraduate and postgraduate students from Ecuador, Venezuela, and other Latin American countries to share their Bioinformatics research. The 1SEVJIB was the first bi-national conference organized by two RSGs from Latin America (LatAm). This symposium was a two-day virtual meeting with five activities: 1) oral student presentations, 2) poster session, 3) keynote lectures, 4) workshop, and 5) round table. This conference promoted the scientific exchange and cooperation networks between young Bioinformatics researchers and students from Ecuador, Venezuela, and LatAm, giving them opportunities to boost their scientific careers.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Biologia Computacional , Biologia Computacional/educação , Equador , Humanos , Pandemias , Venezuela
6.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 46, ago. 2022. Special Issue Emergency Preparedness in the Americas
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-56240

RESUMO

[EXTRACT]. La presente editorial describe las diferencias en la situación y la respuesta a la COVID-19 entre Colombia y Venezuela.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Colômbia , Venezuela
7.
Lima; OPS; 2022-08-19.
Não convencional em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-56311

RESUMO

La población refugiada y migrante de Venezuela en el Perú constituye una población vulnerable cuyas necesidades de salud han sido progresivamente atendidas a nivel nacional, regional y local. Sin embargo, es posible que la pandemia de COVID-19 haya no solo limitado estas acciones sino empeorado la situación general de esta población. Durante la pandemia del COVID-19, el gobierno peruano implementó algunas políticas públicas con el fin de facilitar la integración y el acceso a servicios de la población refugiada y migrante de Venezuela, buscando reducir los impactos negativos de la migración. Sin embargo, en la práctica, el efecto de estas medidas no se ha evidenciado adecuadamente, al menos desde las percepciones de quienes forman parte de esta población. Adicionalmente, la pandemia de COVID-19 en el Perú y su repercusión socioeconómica han propiciado, entre otras cosas, la reagudización de las discriminaciones, inequidades y limitaciones en el acceso a la salud, en perjuicio de la población refugiada y migrante venezolana en el Perú. La Organización Panamericana de la Salud / Organización Mundial de la Salud (OPS/OMS) ha impulsado la realización del presente estudio cuantitativo y cualitativo para actualizar la información correspondiente a los problemas, necesidades y brechas de salud, y para identificar los riesgos sanitarios que involucran a las personas refugiadas y migrantes de Venezuela. Con ello, se busca contribuir a orientar el diseño y desarrollo de intervenciones de salud dirigidas a esta población.


Assuntos
Refugiados , Migrantes , Populações Vulneráveis , COVID-19 , Peru , Venezuela
8.
J Lat Am Caribb Anthropol ; 27(1-2): 37-56, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942437

RESUMO

The resale of Brazilian fuel on the Venezuela-Brazil border is an emerging event that facilitates a renewed sociopolitical understanding of local survival strategies beyond notions of societal resilience and informality in times of crisis. This economic activity rather belongs to a mercurial way of life that occurs in these cross-border spaces where gold is the locus of a commercial chain that links various underground economies. Based on collaborative ethnographic research, in this article we show that the resale of fuel occurs with even greater virulence in times of multiple crises and closed borders, which has exacerbated by the current Covid-19 pandemic turning prevailing underground economies into "flammable economies." By this, we refer to an informal economy in times of crisis that is extremely volatile and contagious, whose effects proliferate fueled by the legal ambivalence that is becoming more extensive everyday.


La reventa de gasolina brasilera en la frontera Venezuela­Brasil es un acontecimiento emergente que facilita el entendimiento sociopolítico nuevo de las estrategias de sobrevivencia locales más allá de la resiliencia social e informalidad en tiempos de crisis. Esta actividad económica pertenece a un modo altamente cambiante de vivir que se da en estos espacios transfronterizos en donde el oro es el principal eslabón de una cadena comercial que enlaza diversas economías subterráneas. Basado en una investigación etnográfica y colaborativa, en este artículo mostramos que la reventa de gasolina se da aún con mayor virulencia en tiempos de crisis múltiples y fronteras cerradas, situaciones agudizadas por el contexto pandémico actual, convirtiendo economías subterráneas ya existentes más bien en "economías inflamables". Con ello nos referimos a una economía informal en tiempos de crisis, sumamente volátil y contagiosa, cuyos efectos proliferan avivados por la ambivalencia legal cada día más generalizada.

9.
Viruses ; 14(7)2022 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35891359

RESUMO

Some of the lineages of SARS-CoV-2, the new coronavirus responsible for COVID-19, exhibit higher transmissibility or partial resistance to antibody-mediated neutralization and were designated by WHO as Variants of Interests (VOIs) or Concern (VOCs). The aim of this study was to monitor the dissemination of VOIs and VOCs in Venezuela from March 2021 to February 2022. A 614 nt genomic fragment was sequenced for the detection of some relevant mutations of these variants. Their presence was confirmed by complete genome sequencing, with a correlation higher than 99% between both methodologies. After the introduction of the Gamma VOC since the beginning of the year 2021, the variants Alpha VOC and Lambda VOI were detected as early as March 2021, at a very low frequency. In contrast, the Mu VOI, detected in May 2021, was able to circulate throughout the country. After the detection of the Delta VOC in June 2021, it became the predominant circulating variant. With the arrival of the Omicron VOC in December, this variant was able to displace the Delta one in less than one month.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Sequência de Bases , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Mutação , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus , Venezuela/epidemiologia
10.
Int J Infect Dis ; 122: 850-854, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scarce information is available regarding the long-term immunogenicity of the Sputnik V vaccine. Here Sputnik V vaccinated subjects were evaluated 6 months after receiving the 2-dose prime-boost schedule. METHODS: Eighty-six hospital workers from Venezuela, 32 with a previous COVID-19 infection and 54 SARS-CoV-2 naïve subjects, were enrolled. IgG antibodies levels against the wild-type Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) were measured in an ELISA and with an in vitro ACE2-surrogate RBD binding inhibition assay at day 42 and day 180 after receiving the second dose. IgG levels were expressed in BAU/ml. Binding inhibition antibodies were expressed in IU/ml. RESULTS: On average, RBD-IgG levels decreased by approximately 50% between the two time-points in the COVID-19 naïve cohort (geometric mean concentration (GMC) 675 BAU/mL vs. 327 BAU/ml) and decreased by approximately 25% in the previously infected cohort (GMC 1209 BAU/mL vs 910 BAU/ml). Within our cohort, 94% showed a "good to excellent" neutralizing activity measured with the in vitro test 6 months after vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: The Sputnik V vaccine provided long-term and durable humoral immunity in our cohort specially if a person has been both vaccinated and had a previous infection with SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas Virais , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Formação de Anticorpos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação , Venezuela
11.
Sex Reprod Health Matters ; 30(1): 2079808, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713531

RESUMO

Globally, people self-manage their medication abortions without clinical assistance. Feminist activist collectives (accompaniment groups) support people through self-managed abortion with evidence-based guidance. We sought to understand the impact of COVID-19 and related restrictions on the need for and experiences of self-managed abortion with accompaniment support across varied legal and social contexts. Between May and October 2020, we conducted in-depth interviews with individuals who self-managed abortions with support from accompaniment groups during the pandemic in Argentina, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Venezuela. We conducted a thematic analysis to understand the impact of COVID-19 on participants' experiences with accompanied self-managed abortions. Across 43 in-depth interviews, participants in all four countries described how the COVID-19 pandemic created challenges at each step of their abortion process, from confirming the pregnancy, accessing abortion pills, finding a private, comfortable place, and verifying abortion completion. For most people, conditions related to the pandemic made it harder to self-manage an abortion; for a minority, being at home made aspects of the experience somewhat easier. Nonetheless, all participants reported feeling supported by accompaniment groups, and COVID-19 and related lockdowns reinforced their preference for accompaniment-supported self-managed abortion. These findings highlight the essential role that accompaniment groups play in ensuring access to high-quality abortion care in a multiplicity of settings, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Efforts are needed to expand the reach of accompaniment groups to increase access to the high-quality abortion support they provide, filling a critical gap left by health systems and legal infrastructure.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Autogestão , Argentina , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Nigéria , Pandemias , Gravidez , Venezuela
12.
Health Syst Reform ; 8(1): 2079448, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35675560

RESUMO

Colombia provides a unique setting to understand the complicated interaction between health systems, health insurance, migrant populations, and COVID-19 due to its system of Universal Health Coverage and its hosting of the second-largest population of displaced persons globally, including approximately 1.8 million Venezuelan migrants. We surveyed 8,130 Venezuelan migrants and Colombian nationals across 60 municipalities using a telephone survey during the first wave of the pandemic (September through November 2020). Using self-reported enrollment in one of the several Colombian health insurance schemes, we analyzed the access to and disparities in the use of health-care services for both Colombians and Venezuelan migrants by insurance status, including access to formal health services, virtual visits, and COVID-19 testing for both groups. We found that compared with 3.6% of Colombians, 73.6% of Venezuelan telephone survey respondents remain uninsured, despite existing policies that allow legally present migrants to enroll in national health insurance schemes. Enrolling migrants in either the subsidized or contributory regime increases their access to health-care services, and equality between Colombians and Venezuelans within the same insurance schemes can be achieved for some services. Colombia's experience integrating Venezuelan migrants into their current health system through various insurance schemes during the first wave of their COVID-19 pandemic shows that access and equality can be achieved, although there continue to be challenges.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Migrantes , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Teste para COVID-19 , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias
13.
Rev. esp. nutr. comunitaria ; 28(2): 1-11, Abril-Junio, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-205818

RESUMO

Fundamentos: El objetivo de esta investigación fue explorar cómo la inseguridad alimentaria incidía en elcomportamiento alimentario previo a la pandemia de COVID-19 (año 2018-2019) en una muestra de personasresidentes de nueve regiones administrativas de Venezuela.Métodos: Participaron 1099 personas (46,8% hombres, 53,2% mujeres) con edades comprendidas entre los17 y 75 años, con una mayoría residente en las regiones Andes, Capital y Central del país. Se administró unaversión reducida de una encuesta nacional de condiciones de vida (Encovi-2017) modificada compuesta por11 preguntas. Se efectuaron estimaciones con chi cuadrado (χ2) para verificar asociaciones entre lascaracterísticas de la muestra (edad, región de origen y sexo) con los planteamientos de la encuestaadministrada.Resultados: Se observó un alto grado de inseguridad alimentaria en tanto las personas referíanpreocupaciones por acceso de alimentos (88,95%), o carencia de ellos (55,79%), periodos de privaciónalimentaria y alteración de los patrones de alimentación. Los menores de 21 años fueron más proclives aalterar su patrón de ingesta diario (p= 0,01), siendo las mujeres las más afectadas por quedarse la familia sincomida en los últimos tres meses (p= 0,020) y si en el último trimestre se había pasado un día entero sincomer (p= 0,05).Conclusiones: El estudio muestra que las mujeres y los jóvenes de menos de 21 años o los adultos de edadmedia y habitantes de la región Capital resultaban ser las personas más afectadas por la inseguridadalimentaria en tanto consumían menos alimentos o menos raciones al día. Los datos revelan un agravamientode la situación alimentaria que ya padecían los venezolanos. (AU)


Background: The aim of this research was to explore how food insecurity affected food behavior prior to theCOVID-19 pandemic (year 2018-2019) in a sample of people residing in nine administrative regions ofVenezuela.Methods: 1099 people aged between 17 and 75 years participated, with a majority residing in the Andes,Capital and Central regions of the country. A reduced version of a modified national survey on livingconditions (Encovi-2017) composed of 11 questions was administered. Estimates with chi square (χ2) weremade to verify associations between the characteristics of the sample (age, region of origin and sex) with theapproaches of the administered survey.Results: A high degree of food insecurity was observed as people reported concerns about food access(88.95%), or lack of them (55.79%), periods of food deprivation and alteration of eating patterns. Thoseparticipants under 21 years were more likely to alter their daily intake pattern (p = 0.01), with women beingthe most affected in terms of the family running out of food in the last three months (p = 0.020) and if in thelast trimester a whole day had gone without eating (p = 0.05).Conclusions: The study shows that women and young people under 21 years of age or middle-aged adultsand inhabitants of the Capital region turn out to be the people most affected by food insecurity as theyconsumed less food or ate fewer servings per day. The data reveal a worsening of the food situation. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Comportamento Alimentar , Qualidade de Vida , Venezuela
14.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 48: 102326, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: By the end of 2021, the SARS-CoV-2 Variant of Concern (VOC) Delta was predominant in most of the world. At the end of November, the Omicron variant was first detected in South Africa. This variant was immediately classified as VOC, due to the explosive increase of cases in South Africa, and the great number of mutations exhibited by this new lineage. Since then, Omicron VOC displaced Delta one in almost every country. Venezuela implemented in May 2021 molecular testing of all the passengers arriving at Venezuelan airports. METHODS: In this study, we analyzed the presence of variants of SARS-CoV-2 in those positive samples, by sequencing a small fragment of the Spike genomic region. RESULTS: The Omicron variant was found in passengers arriving to Venezuela from the beginning of December. Complete genome analysis confirmed the presence of the Omicron VOC. The detection of this VOC coincided with an unprecedented increase in the frequency of passengers with positive nucleic acid testing. CONCLUSIONS: Genomic surveillance of samples for international travelers returning to Venezuela allowed us to rapidly detect the introduction of the Omicron variant in the country.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Genoma Viral/genética , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Venezuela
15.
Nutrients ; 14(5)2022 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35267915

RESUMO

Effective preventive care programs are urgently needed during humanitarian crises, as has been especially obvious during the COVID-19 pandemic. A pragmatic trial was designed: hybridized intervention (Diabetes Prevention Program [DPP] + medical nutrition therapy + liquid diet [LD]; LD group) vs. DPP only (DPP group). The participants were adults who were overweight/obese and at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The LD consisted of a "homemade" milk- and fruit-juice-based beverage. Pandemic restrictions delayed the program by nine months, tripled the amount of time required for screening, and reduced the total sample to 60%. Eventually, 127 participants were randomized, and 94/127 participants (74.0%) completed the first phase. Participant dropout was influenced by migration, COVID-19 symptoms, education level, and socioeconomic status. In two months, the LD group lost 2.9 kg (p < 0.001) and the DPP group, 2.2 kg (p < 0.001) (between-group p = 0.170), with improvements in their cardiometabolic risk factors. At this stage, the DPP was shown to be feasible and effective, demonstrating weight loss with the improvement of cardiometabolic risk factors in a primary setting in Venezuela, a middle-income country with a chronic humanitarian crisis, during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Venezuela/epidemiologia
16.
J Migr Health ; 5: 100092, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35313677

RESUMO

Background: The public healthcare system of Roraima state, at the north-western border Brazil-Venezuela, experienced an impact due to the incoming of Venezuelan migrants and to the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. After the beginning of the pandemic, the Brazilian government closed the border; however, migration continued through informal paths. There is scarce information regarding the availability of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services at settings impacted both by migration and the COVID-19 pandemic. Consequently, we aimed to assess the availability and access to SRH services for Venezuelan migrant at Roraima state during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with data collected during the pandemic using an electronic questionnaire. We interviewed three policy makers responsible for the directorate of primary care both at the municipal and state level; the directors of the two public hospitals and the two referral centres for women's health in Boa Vista, and in Pacaraima the director of the hospital and of the basic health post. We also interviewed 20 out of the 34 (58.8%) managers of the basic health posts in Boa Vista and 10 healthcare providers (physicians and nurses). Data collected covered issues pertaining to access to SRH services, and explored the impacts of the COVID-19 on continuation, access, and use of SRH services. Results: It was reported that 60% of the beds in the public sector were reallocated for COVID-19 cases and 26 out of the 34 (76%) health posts assessed interrupted the provision of SRH services, including contraceptive provision and gynaecological consultation, since these were considered not essential services. Most of the participants, (25/36; 69.4%) reported that both the state and the municipal health authorities implemented community outreach using telephone, social media, radio, and television, with guidance for the population on how to seek care using the healthcare network. Conclusions: The healthcare system in Roraima was impacted firstly by the need to provide SRH to a large number of Venezuelan migrant women, and after an effort to adapt to the reality that this migrant crisis posed; this system was affected by the needs to adapt to the COVID-19 pandemic.

17.
Health Commun ; 37(12): 1465-1475, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35164624

RESUMO

Although vaccines have been developed to prevent COVID-19, vaccine hesitancy is a significant barrier for vaccination programs. Most research on COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy has blamed misinformation and misstated concerns about effectiveness, safety, and side effects of these vaccines. The preponderance of these studies has been performed in the Global North. Although Latin American has been substantially and negatively impacted by COVID-19, few studies have examined COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy there. We explored reasons volunteered for COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy from a sample of 1,173 Colombians, Ecuadorians, and Venezuelans. Overall, COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in these three countries is higher than desirable, but most people who are COVID-19 vaccine hesitant offered one reason or fewer. The reasons offered are diverse, including myths and exaggerations, but also individual-level contraindications for vaccination and structural barriers. Because of the diversity of reasons, single-issue mass campaigns are unlikely to bring about large shifts in COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. Our data suggest that interpersonal communication, particularly in Ecuador, and addressing structural concerns, particularly in Venezuela, are likely to have the greatest impact on vaccine uptake.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Equador , Humanos , América Latina , Hesitação Vacinal , Venezuela
18.
Lima; Organismo Andino de Salud Convenio Hipólito Unanue; 102; 25 ene, 2022. 3 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1381225

RESUMO

Webinar N° 102 del ORAS-CONHU, realizado el 25 de enero de 2022, se realizó un webinar sobre el impacto de la Telesalud en las atenciones de salud en el contexto de la pandemia por COVID-19 en Bolivia, Colombia y Perú. Como reto en nuestra región se resalta: Expandir los avances de la telesalud al campo de la Salud Digital, que permita materializar los ocho principios rectores de la transformación digital del sector de la salud. Conferencistas del webinar: Ernesto Lima, Responsable del Programa de Telesalud, Ministerio de Salud y Deportes de Bolivia, Sandra Gallegos, equipo de la Dirección de Prestación de Servicios y Atención Primaria Ministerio de Salud y Protección Social de Colombia; Bernardette Cotrina, Directora General de Telesalud, Referencia y Urgencias, Ministerio de Salud de Perú.


Assuntos
Telemedicina , COVID-19 , Peru , Venezuela , Bolívia , Chile , Colômbia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Equador
20.
Vacunas ; 23: S22-S25, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512219

RESUMO

Objective: To assess if seven demographic variables (age, gender, religion, ethnicity, income, educational level, and political views) are predictive of Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy. Material and methods: 327 participants completed a survey asking questions regarding each of the variables. Results: Age, gender and political views have no statistically significant correlation with vaccine hesitancy. Ethnicity and religion are predictive of vaccine hesitancy. Income has a weak negative correlation with Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy, and educational level has a moderate negative correlation with Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy. Conclusion: In order to curb Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy, public health authorities in Venezuela need to focus efforts on marginalized ethnic groups, Protestants, and those with lower levels of education.


Objetivo: Evaluar si 7 variables demográficas (edad, género, religión, origen étnico, ingresos, nivel educativo y opiniones políticas) son predictivas del rechazo a la vacuna del Covid-19. Material y métodos: Trescientos veintisiete participantes completaron una encuesta con preguntas sobre cada una de las variables. Resultados: La edad, el género y las opiniones políticas no tienen una correlación estadísticamente significativa con el rechazo a la vacuna. El origen étnico y la religión predicen el rechazo a las vacunas. Los ingresos tienen una correlación negativa débil con el rechazo de la vacuna Covid-19, y el nivel educativo tiene una correlación negativa moderada con el rechazo de la vacuna Covid-19. Conclusión: Para frenar el rechazo a la vacuna del Covid-19, las autoridades de salud pública en Venezuela deben concentrar sus esfuerzos en los grupos étnicos marginados, los protestantes y aquellos con niveles más bajos de educación.

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