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Sensory-motor training versus resistance training among patients with knee osteoarthritis: randomized single-blind controlled trial
Gomiero, Aline Bassoli; Kayo, Andrea; Abraão, Marcelo; Peccin, Maria Stella; Grande, Antonio Jose; Trevisani, Virginia Fernandes.
Afiliação
  • Gomiero, Aline Bassoli; Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Department of Medicine. São Paulo. BR
  • Kayo, Andrea; Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Department of Medicine. São Paulo. BR
  • Abraão, Marcelo; Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Department of Medicine. São Paulo. BR
  • Peccin, Maria Stella; Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Department of Medicine. São Paulo. BR
  • Grande, Antonio Jose; Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Department of Medicine. São Paulo. BR
  • Trevisani, Virginia Fernandes; Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Department of Medicine. São Paulo. BR
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(1): 44-50, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-904134
Biblioteca responsável: BR1.1
ABSTRACT
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Osteoarthritis of the knee is defined as a progressive disease of the synovial joints and is characterized by failure of joint damage repair. The objective here was to compare the effectiveness of sensory-motor training versus resistance training among patients with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN AND

SETTING:

Randomized, single-blinded controlled trial conducted at the outpatient service of the University of Santo Amaro.

METHODS:

A total of 64 patients were randomly assigned to sensory-motor training or resistance training. The evaluations were performed at baseline and 16 weeks after the intervention and included pain evaluation on a visual analogue scale, isometric quadriceps femoris force measurement using a dynamometer, Timed Up and Go test, Tinetti balance scale, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index, and the SF-36 quality-of-life questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using analysis of variance with repeated measurements and Cohen's effect size.

RESULTS:

Sensory-motor training may be a plausible alternative and showed a small effect on pain and a medium effect on maximal voluntary isometric contraction. Resistance training showed a small effect on balance and a medium effect on mobility.

CONCLUSION:

Resistance training and sensory motor training for the lower limbs among patients with knee osteoarthritis seemed to present similar effects on pain and function. However, because there was a considerable risk of type 2 error, further randomized clinical trials are still needed to provide a sound conclusion.

Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: LILACS Tipo de estudo: Ensaio clínico controlado Idioma: Inglês Revista: Säo Paulo med. j Assunto da revista: Medicina Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Brasil Instituição/País de afiliação: Universidade Federal de São Paulo/BR

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: LILACS Tipo de estudo: Ensaio clínico controlado Idioma: Inglês Revista: Säo Paulo med. j Assunto da revista: Medicina Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Brasil Instituição/País de afiliação: Universidade Federal de São Paulo/BR
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