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Surgical therapy for craniocerebral firearm injury.
Turk Neurosurg ; 23(4): 491-7, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24101269
ABSTRACT

AIM:

The current study aims to explore the clinical characteristics of craniocerebral firearm injury and to improve the diagnosis and treatment of this condition.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Data from 56 patients with craniocerebral firearm injury were analyzed retrospectively for projectile types, traumatic conditions, and treatment approaches.

RESULTS:

43 patients exhibited intracranial foreign body residence. Of them, 40 were subjected to complete foreign body removal and 2 to partial removal, leaving 1 without receiving removal treatment. 54 patients (96.4%) survived and 2 (3.6%) died. Of the survivors, 36 (64.3%) recovered well, 15 (26.8%) were moderately disabled, 2 (3.6%) were severely disabled, and 1 (1.8%) lapsed into vegetative state. Patients receiving debridement within 8 h after injury had a significantly higher recovery rate than those receiving such treatment after 8 h (82.1% vs. 26.7%; P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Craniocerebral firearm injury is characterized by rapid traumatic condition development as well as serious trauma and contamination. Accurately judging the traumatic condition and the ballistic tract, performing complete debridement as early as possible, reasonably deciding on the operative mode and approach for intracranial residing foreign body removal, and increasing vigilance regarding concomitant injuries are the keys to the improvement of the overall treatment of craniocerebral firearm injury.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo / Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos / Traumatismos Craniocerebrais Limite: Adolescente / Adulto / Criança / Criança, pré-escolar / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade / Jovem adulto Idioma: Inglês Revista: Turk Neurosurg Assunto da revista: Neurocirurgia Ano de publicação: 2013 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China