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Global exchange and accumulation of non-native plants.
van Kleunen, Mark; Dawson, Wayne; Essl, Franz; Pergl, Jan; Winter, Marten; Weber, Ewald; Kreft, Holger; Weigelt, Patrick; Kartesz, John; Nishino, Misako; Antonova, Liubov A; Barcelona, Julie F; Cabezas, Francisco J; Cárdenas, Dairon; Cárdenas-Toro, Juliana; Castaño, Nicolás; Chacón, Eduardo; Chatelain, Cyrille; Ebel, Aleksandr L; Figueiredo, Estrela; Fuentes, Nicol; Groom, Quentin J; Henderson, Lesley; Kupriyanov, Andrey; Masciadri, Silvana; Meerman, Jan; Morozova, Olga; Moser, Dietmar; Nickrent, Daniel L; Patzelt, Annette; Pelser, Pieter B; Baptiste, María P; Poopath, Manop; Schulze, Maria; Seebens, Hanno; Shu, Wen-sheng; Thomas, Jacob; Velayos, Mauricio; Wieringa, Jan J; Pysek, Petr.
Afiliação
  • van Kleunen M; Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitätsstrasse 10, D-78464 Konstanz, Germany.
  • Dawson W; Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitätsstrasse 10, D-78464 Konstanz, Germany.
  • Essl F; Division of Conservation, Vegetation and Landscape Ecology, University of Vienna, 1030 Wien, Austria.
  • Pergl J; Institute of Botany, Department of Invasion Ecology, The Czech Academy of Sciences, CZ-252 43 Pruhonice, Czech Republic.
  • Winter M; German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Deutscher Platz 5e, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
  • Weber E; Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, D-14469 Potsdam, Germany.
  • Kreft H; Biodiversity, Macroecology &Conservation Biogeography, University of Göttingen, Büsgenweg 1, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany.
  • Weigelt P; Biodiversity, Macroecology &Conservation Biogeography, University of Göttingen, Büsgenweg 1, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany.
  • Kartesz J; Biota of North America Program (BONAP), Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA.
  • Nishino M; Biota of North America Program (BONAP), Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27516, USA.
  • Antonova LA; Institute for Aquatic and Ecological Problems, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 680000 Khabarovsk, Russia.
  • Barcelona JF; School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.
  • Cabezas FJ; Departamento de Biodiversidad y Conservación, Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Plaza de Murillo 2, 28014 Madrid, Spain.
  • Cárdenas D; Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi, Herbario Amazónico Colombiano, 110311 Bogotá, Colombia.
  • Cárdenas-Toro J; Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, 111311 Bogotá, Colombia.
  • Castaño N; Arts Faculty, Monash University, 3145 Melbourne, Australia.
  • Chacón E; Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas Sinchi, Herbario Amazónico Colombiano, 110311 Bogotá, Colombia.
  • Chatelain C; Division of Conservation, Vegetation and Landscape Ecology, University of Vienna, 1030 Wien, Austria.
  • Ebel AL; Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica, 11501 San José, Costa Rica.
  • Figueiredo E; Conservatoire et jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève, 1292 Genève, Switzerland.
  • Fuentes N; Laboratory of Plant Taxonomy and Phylogeny, Tomsk State University, Lenin Prospect 36, 634050, Tomsk, Russia.
  • Groom QJ; Department of Botany, PO Box 77000, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, 6031 South Africa.
  • Henderson L; Centre for Functional Ecology, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Universidade de Coimbra, 3001-455 Coimbra, Portugal.
  • Inderjit; Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad, Universidad de Concepción, Victoria 631, 403000, Concepción, Chile.
  • Kupriyanov A; Botanic Garden Meise, Domein van Bouchout, B-1860, Meise, Belgium.
  • Masciadri S; ARC-Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria 0001, South Africa.
  • Meerman J; Department of Environmental Studies and Centre for Environmental Management Degraded of Ecosystems, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India.
  • Morozova O; Institute of Human Ecology SB RAS, Pr. Leningradasky 10, 650065 Kemerovo, Russia.
  • Moser D; Programa de Pós-graduación en Ecología, UFRN, Campus Lagoa Nova, 59078-900 Natal, Brazil.
  • Nickrent DL; Oceanología y Ecología Marina, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Iguá, 4225, CP 11400, Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Patzelt A; Belize Tropical Forest Studies, PO Box 208, Belmopan, Belize.
  • Pelser PB; Institute of Geography RAS, Staromonetny, 29, 119017 Moscow, Russia.
  • Baptiste MP; Division of Conservation, Vegetation and Landscape Ecology, University of Vienna, 1030 Wien, Austria.
  • Poopath M; Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901-6509 USA.
  • Schulze M; Oman Botanic Garden, Diwan of Royal Court, 122 Muscat, Oman.
  • Seebens H; School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.
  • Shu WS; Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, 111311 Bogotá, Colombia.
  • Thomas J; The Forest Herbarium (BKF), Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand.
  • Velayos M; Department of Biology, Martin-Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, D-06108 Halle, Germany.
  • Wieringa JJ; Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine Environment, University of Oldenburg, Carl-von-Ossietzky Straße 9-11, D-26111 Oldenburg, Germany.
  • Pysek P; State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, College of Ecology and Evolution, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.
Nature ; 525(7567): 100-3, 2015 Sep 03.
Article em En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26287466
ABSTRACT
All around the globe, humans have greatly altered the abiotic and biotic environment with ever-increasing speed. One defining feature of the Anthropocene epoch is the erosion of biogeographical barriers by human-mediated dispersal of species into new regions, where they can naturalize and cause ecological, economic and social damage. So far, no comprehensive analysis of the global accumulation and exchange of alien plant species between continents has been performed, primarily because of a lack of data. Here we bridge this knowledge gap by using a unique global database on the occurrences of naturalized alien plant species in 481 mainland and 362 island regions. In total, 13,168 plant species, corresponding to 3.9% of the extant global vascular flora, or approximately the size of the native European flora, have become naturalized somewhere on the globe as a result of human activity. North America has accumulated the largest number of naturalized species, whereas the Pacific Islands show the fastest increase in species numbers with respect to their land area. Continents in the Northern Hemisphere have been the major donors of naturalized alien species to all other continents. Our results quantify for the first time the extent of plant naturalizations worldwide, and illustrate the urgent need for globally integrated efforts to control, manage and understand the spread of alien species.
Assuntos

Texto completo: 1 Coleções: 01-internacional Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Plantas / Biodiversidade / Espécies Introduzidas / Mapeamento Geográfico País/Região como assunto: America do norte / Oceania Idioma: En Revista: Nature Ano de publicação: 2015 Tipo de documento: Article País de afiliação: Alemanha

Texto completo: 1 Coleções: 01-internacional Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Plantas / Biodiversidade / Espécies Introduzidas / Mapeamento Geográfico País/Região como assunto: America do norte / Oceania Idioma: En Revista: Nature Ano de publicação: 2015 Tipo de documento: Article País de afiliação: Alemanha
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