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Prevalence of self-reported dengue infections in Manaus Metropolitan Region: a cross-sectional study.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 52: e20190232, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508784
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Dengue is an endemic and epidemic disease in Brazil, with a high burden of disease. Amazonas State has a high risk of transmission. This study aimed to assess the self-reported prevalence of dengue in adults living in Manaus Metropolitan Region.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional study was conducted with adults living in Manaus Metropolitan Region in 2015. We performed a three-phase probabilistic sampling to collect participants' clinical and sociodemographic data. Self-reported dengue infection in the previous year was the primary outcome. Descriptive statistics and Poisson regression analysis with robust variance were used to calculate the prevalence ratio (PR) of dengue infections with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Multilevel analysis including city and neighborhood variables was calculated. All analyses considered the complex sampling.

RESULTS:

Among the 4,001 participants, dengue in the previous year was self-reported by 7.0% (95% CI 6.3%-7.8%). Dengue was more frequent in women(PR 1.51; 95% CI 1.06-2.13), elderly participants (≥60 years old, PR 2.54; 95% CI 1.19-5.45), White and Asian participants (PR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.11-2.23), and individuals who had not received endemic agent visits (PR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.31-3.99). After multilevel analysis, sex was no longer a significant variable, with the remaining associations still significant.

CONCLUSIONS:

Seven out of 100 inhabitants of Manaus Metropolitan Region reported dengue in the previous year. Dengue was predominantly observed in women, elderly individuals, White and Asian individuals, and individuals who did not receive endemic agent visits. The setting plays an important role in dengue infections.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Dengue / Autorrelato Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Adolescente / Adulto / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade / Jovem adulto País/Região como assunto: América do Sul / Brasil Idioma: Inglês Revista: Rev Soc Bras Med Trop Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Reino Unido