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Genetically Encoded Fluorescent Amino Acid for Monitoring Protein Interactions through FRET.
Anal Chem ; 91(23): 14936-14942, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670502
ABSTRACT
Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a well-established method for studying macromolecular interactions and conformational changes within proteins. Such a method normally uses fluorescent proteins or chemical-labeling methods which are often only accessible to surface-exposed residues and risk-disturbing target protein structures. Here, we demonstrate that the genetic incorporation of a synthetic fluorescent amino acid, L-(7-hydroxycoumarin-4-yl) ethylglycine (Cou) and natural endogenous fluorophore Tryptophan (Trp) residues of a protein could serve as an efficient FRET pair to monitor protein interactions, using the signaling transducer ß-arrestin-1 as a model system. We used this technology to record the dynamic spectra in both binding and competition experiments of ß-arrestin-1, the contribution of each specific phosphate in ternary complex formation, in a rapid and efficient manner. The determined Kd value for the association between the active arrestin and Fab30 is 0.68 µM in the three-component interaction system. Moreover, we were able to determine the contributions of the site 3 phospho-site and the site 6 phospho-site binding, each contributing to the high affinity ternary complex assembly as 2.7 fold and 15.5 fold, respectively, which were never determined before. These results thus highlighted the potential usage of this new method in measurement of the allosteric-induced enhanced affinity with small amount proteins and in a fast manner and in a complex system. Collectively, our newly developed Trp:Cou FRET system based on genetic expansion technology has extended the molecular toolboxes available for biochemical and structural biology studies.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Anal Chem Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China