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Urine alpha-fetoprotein and orosomucoid 1 as biomarkers of hepatitis B virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736338
ABSTRACT
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth common malignant tumor worldwide but current efficient and convenient screening methods remain lacking. This study aimed to discover a diagnostic or a screening biomarker from the urine of HBV-related HCC patients. We used iTRAQ coupled with mass spectrometry to identify candidate urinary proteins in a discovery cohort (n=40). The selected proteins were confirmed using ELISA in a validation cohort (n=140). Diagnostic performance of the selected proteins was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and qualitative diagnostic analysis. A total of 96 differentially expressed proteins were identified. Urinary alpha-fetoprotein (u-AFP) and orosomucoid 1 (u-ORM1) were selected as target proteins by bioinformatics analysis and were significantly higher in HCC than in non-HCC patients as validated by western blot and ELISA. U-AFP had a strong correlation with serum AFP-L3 (Pearson r =0.944, p < 0.0001), indicating that u-AFP may be derived from circulating blood. The AUC of u-AFP was 0.795 with a sensitivity of 62.5% and a specificity of 95.4%, which showed no significantly difference with serum AFP (se-AFP). The AUC was 0.864 as u-AFP and u-ORM1 were combined, and performed much better than u-AFP or u-ORM1 alone. Qualitative diagnostic analysis showed that the positive predictive value of u-AFP was 90.1% and the diagnostic sensitivity of parallel combination of u-AFP and u-ORM1 was 85.1%. Taken together, AFP and ORM1 in the urine may be used as a diagnostic or screening biomarker of HCC and studies on large samples are needed to validate the result.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Diagnóstico / Etiologia / Predição / Prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Assunto da revista: Fisiologia / Gastroenterologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China