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Very high pacing thresholds during long-term follow-up predicted by a combination of implant pacing threshold and impedance in leadless transcatheter pacemakers.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967367
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Micra transcatheter pacemaker system (TPS) usually achieves low implant pacing threshold (IPT). However, IPT may increase in some patients during follow-up.

AIM:

To apply implant parameters in predicting long-term occurrence of very high pacing threshold (VHPT) in patients with Micra-TPS.

METHODS:

A cohort of 110 consecutive patients implanted with a Micra-TPS from 2014 to 2018 was evaluated at discharge and at 1, 12, 24, 36, and 48 months follow-up. VHPT was defined as greater than 2 V/0.24 ms. VHPT predictors were identified.

RESULTS:

Micra-TPS was implanted successfully in 108 patients (98.2%). During a mean follow-up of 24 ± 16 months, 18 patients (16.7%) died of causes nonpacemaker-related, and 4 (3.8%) developed VHPT. Patients with VHPT had higher IPT and lower implant impedance than patients with non-VHPT: 1 ± 0.31 vs 0.55 ± 0.29 V/0.24 ms (P = .003) and 580 ± 59 vs 837 ± 232 Ω (P = .03), respectively. IPT and impedance had excellent discriminative power to predict VHPT (area under the curve: 0.85 ± 0.07 and 0.91 ± 0.05, respectively). Negative predictive value (NPV) of IPT ≤ 0.5 V/0.24 ms was 100%; positive predictive value (PPV) was 8% throughout follow-up. Implant impedance ≤ 600 Ω had NPV of 99% throughout follow-up, whereas PPV varied: 16%, 21%, 16%, and 28% at 1, 12, 24, and 36 months, respectively. Sequential combination of IPT greater than 0.5 V/0.24 ms and impedance ≤ 600 Ω improved PPV to 25%, 35%, 27%, and 44%, respectively, whereas NPV remained 99% throughout follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

Despite favorable long-term electrical performance of Micra-TPS, a small percent of patients developed VHPT during follow-up. A sequential combination of IPT and impedance could allow the implanter to identify patients who will develop VHPT during long-term follow-up.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Predição / Prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Assunto da revista: Angiologia / Cardiologia / Fisiologia Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Espanha