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Clinical and economic outcomes associated with intravenous albumin fluid use in the intensive care unit: a retrospective cohort study.
Altawalbeh, Shoroq M; Almestarihi, Eman M; Khasawneh, Rawand A; Momany, Suleiman Mohammad; Ababneh, Mera A; Shawaqfeh, Mohammad S.
Afiliação
  • Altawalbeh SM; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
  • Almestarihi EM; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
  • Khasawneh RA; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
  • Momany SM; Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
  • Ababneh MA; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
  • Shawaqfeh MS; Department of pharmacy practice, College of pharmacy, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Article em En | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37191454
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

This study was undertaken to evaluate the prescribing practice of albumin in the intensive care unit (ICU) and to compare the clinical and economic outcomes associated with intravenous (IV) albumin compared to crystalloids in the ICU.

METHODS:

This was a retrospective cohort study of ICU adult patients admitted to King Abdullah University Hospital during 2018-2019. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and admission charges were retrieved from medical records and billing system. Survival analysis, multivariable regression models, and propensity score matching estimator were performed to evaluate the impact of IV resuscitation fluid types on the clinical and economic outcomes.

RESULTS:

Albumin administration in the ICU was associated with significantly lower hazards of ICU death (HR = 0.57; P value <0.001), but without improving overall death probability compared to crystalloids. Albumin was associated with significant prolongation in the ICU length of stay (5.86 days; P value <0.001). Only 88 patients (24.3%) were prescribed albumin for Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved indications. Admission charges were significantly higher for patients treated with albumin (p value <0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

IV Albumin use in the ICU was not associated with significant improvement in clinical outcomes, but with a remarkable increase in economic burden. The majority of patients received albumin for non-FDA-approved indications.
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Texto completo: 1 Coleções: 01-internacional Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Albuminas / Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Tipo de estudo: Etiology_studies / Health_economic_evaluation / Observational_studies / Prognostic_studies / Risk_factors_studies Limite: Adult / Humans Idioma: En Revista: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Assunto da revista: FARMACOLOGIA Ano de publicação: 2023 Tipo de documento: Article País de afiliação: Jordânia

Texto completo: 1 Coleções: 01-internacional Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Albuminas / Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Tipo de estudo: Etiology_studies / Health_economic_evaluation / Observational_studies / Prognostic_studies / Risk_factors_studies Limite: Adult / Humans Idioma: En Revista: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Assunto da revista: FARMACOLOGIA Ano de publicação: 2023 Tipo de documento: Article País de afiliação: Jordânia
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